Skip to main content

Full text of "Larger English-Irish dictionary"

See other formats

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 


poctóm t)fARt^-5Aet)it5e 



(poctóm t)éAutA-5Aet)il5e) 



Thoroughly Revised and Greatly Enlarged 


., MASS. 



/ I ■',■ i V ' í l V 



Mvn') c J .. f. í A-i'V." >AV'-/ ' ;i i'l l'j' 
J- ! /:i) ! (i'/i \ >';; v '■ :/■ 










The first edition of this work, which was published in 
1904, did not go far enough in the direction I had 
intended, and the great mass of material collected by 
me during twenty years, at a cost of about ^2,500, 
could not be fully utilized, owing to the fact that I had 
other onerous duties to perform in connection with the 
post I held in Paris at the time. Besides this there 
were financial difficulties, as I did not get anything like 
the support I anticipated. 

The same want of support has followed me in the 
present undertaking, the magnitude of which may be 
to some extent estimated when Í mention that during 
my travels through the Irish-speaking districts I had 
made notes on half a million slips of paper, which had 
to be arranged, collated, and co-ordinated before I could 
commence the text, and for each letter of the alphabet 
a fresh arrangement was necessary. The MS. of the 
new edition when completed ran to about 5,000 quarto 
pages. The book itself consists of 1,748 pages, and 
the printer's bill amounts to ;£ 1,200, in addition to ^750 
spent on compilation and in passing the dictionary 
through the press. 

My great aim has been to supply students of Irish 
with an exhaustive guide to the various shades of 
meaning of each word, and, where possible, giving 
examples of its use drawn from the highest authorities, 


and also from native speakers who are so lavish in the 
use of proverbs and wise old saws to drive their meaning 
home, thus giving a clear insight into the mental 
attitude of the people, together with some idea of their 
manners and customs, their character, and their 
philosophy of life. 

In order that nothing should be wanting to secure 
accuracy I have had the proofs read by various Irish 
scholars. I am particularly indebted, in this respect, to 
the late Professor J. C. Ward, of St. Eunan's College, 
Letterkenny ; Rev. Martin O'Donnell, Professor of Irish, 
St. Jarlath's College, Tuam ; Rev. C. Short, Carrickmore, 
Co. Tyrone ; Za^s X)onncA>óA CCó^a), and Patrick 
O'Kelly, N.T., who read all the proofs from beginning 
to end. I am also indebted to Dr. J. P. Henry, Rev. 
Thomas Boyle, J. P. Hannon, and Rev. Luke 
Donnellan, who read portion of the proofs. I beg 
specially to return thanks to Father Donnellan for the 
loan of the Books and MSS. referred to in the text, 
and from which I have drawn innumerable illustrative 

To those who have so generously helped me by dona- 
tions I return my very sincere thanks, and especially to 
His Eminence Cardinal Logue, the Most Rev. Dr. 
O'Donnell, Bishop of Raphoe ; the Rt. Hon. Lord 
Ashbourne, the Rt. Hon. Lord O'Neill, Rt. Hon. Sir 
Henry Bellingham, Bart. ; Mr. William O'Brien, M.P. , 
Mr. C. R. Cooke-Taylor, Mr. W. J. Robertson, Man- 
chester; Rev. C. Short, Lieut.-Col. Sir W. Hutcheson 
Poé, Mr. ^Eneas O'Neill, Right Rev. Maurus 
O'Phelan, Lord Abbot of Mount Melleray ; Very Rev ? 


Wm. Delany, S.J. ; Mr. R. S. Lepper, M.A., L.L.M., 
Carnalea, Co. Down, and Miss Mary A. Hollingworth. 

I beg also to acknowledge my indebtedness to 
Webster's International Dictionary, upon which I have 
(with the sanction of the proprietors of the copyright) 
largely relied in the English portion of this work as the 
standard dictionary authority of the English Language. 


. Co. Limerick. 


a. — Adjective. 

ace. — Accusative. 

ad. — Adverb. 

comp. — Comparative. 

cpd. — Compound. 

cond. — Conditional. 

conj.' — Conjunction. 

cL — Dative. 

dem. — Demonstrative. 

dem. pr. — Demonstrative pronoun. 

emph . ■ — E mphati c . 

/. — Feminine. 

jut. — Future. 

gen. — Genitive. 

gsj. — Genitive singular feminine. 

imp. — Imperfect tense. 

imper. — Imperative mood. 

ind. — Indeclinable. 

indef. — Indefinite. 

inter. — Interjection. 

m. — Masculine. 

n. — Noun 

no m . — No mina ti ve. 
ord. — Ordinal. 
p. — Participle. 
pp. — Past participle. 
pers. pron,— -Personal pronoun. 
pi. — Plural. 

poss. pr. — Possessive pronoun. 
prep . — Prepo sition . 
pron. — Pronoun. 
prond. — Pro ne unced. 
rel. — Relative. 
sing. — Singular. 
sub. — Subjunctive. 
vÁ. — Intransitive. 
v.n. — Verbal noun. 
v.t. — Transitive verb. 
voc. — Vocative, 
v/. — Sign of Indo-European 


A.C.L. Archiv fur Celtische Lexicographie. 

JEn, Imtheacta yEniasa Ed. Ir. Text. Society» 

A.5.1. -AriinÁin 5 Ae "° 1 ^-5 e At1 1a|\ca]i. 

Aisl. M. Aislinge Meic Coinglinne. Ed. K. Meyer. 

t).A. t>Áf Airtgm trióin, U15 Loci ai 11 11. D. MSS. 

B.B. Book of Ballymote. 

t>.e. t)|téA5A eineAnn le míceÁl ttlAg RtiAmtii. 

Bedell, The Old Testament translated into Irish by Dr. William Bedell. 

Ed. 1852. 
B.F. Book of Fenagh. Ed. Hennessy. 

B.H. Bonaventure Hayes or Hussey an Irish Poet-priest. D. MSS. 
B.LL. Brehon Laws. 

B.M. Brian Merriman. Ctri-jit A11 n'lcA-óon Orace. 
B.R. Book of Rights. Ed. O'Donovan. 
ÍO.S. tools ah tSólÁcAiri. D. MSS. 
C.B. -Christian Brothers' Grammar and Composition. 

CM!. Codex Malbrighte 12th cent. MS. in Brit. Mus. quoted by Reeves. 
Coneys. Irish English Dicty., by Thos. de Vere Coneys, 1849. 
Conroy. ScÁcÁn An otiADAij; (The Mirror of Religion), 1620. D. MSS. 
C.S. Rev. C. Short. 
D. Rev. L. Donnellan's MSS. 

D. Finn. Dunaire Finn. Ed. Ir. Text. Soy. 

Din. Rev. P. S. Dinneen's Irish -English Dicty., 1904. 

Donl. Donlevy's English-Irish Catechism, 1732. 

e.C.C. e^ccrtA CniomtAn c^t-látiA-óxMJ Af ^le-Ann ah 1olAin a T)Cín -pó 

Útnnn a -óiosxmIc bÁf CaiIc tViic Cretin a\\ f?iAnn<Mb GineAnn. D. MSS. 
e/p. e-éccftA £01 rib e tTlAC Conctib,oiri rnic neAfA, R15 UIato. D. MSS. 

E. O'N. eoJAn Ó tleAccAin. 

E.R. Eoghan Ruadh O'Sullivan's Poems. Ed. Dim 1902. 

e.CX. eAccjiA ÚAiLc rthc Cnevin 50 héirimn Aguf CófunseACt; tiA C-óilLige 

Af 1nnre Coi|tc. D. MSS. 
F.B. Fleid Breicrind. 
Fél. (Em Félire (Engusa. Dublin, 1880. 
■p.L. poclóiri An te^jjA, 1905. 

F.M. Annals of the Four Masters. Ed. O'Donovan. 
Foley. Foley's English-Irish Dictionary, 1855 
Gr.D. Galway MS. Dictionary. 

G.O'D- Poems by Geoffrey O'Donoghue of the Glens. 
Goid. Go idelica -Stokes, 1872. 
G.S.T. Gaelic Society's Transactions, 1808. 
H.M. Henry Morris's SeAnpocU UIa-ó, 1907. 

Hogan. Hogan's Irish and Scottish names of Herbs, Plants, etc., 1900. 
Ir. Glosses. Latin Declension Tract. Ed. Stokes, 1860. 
Ir. Texte. Irische Texte. by Stokes and Windisch. 
J.C-W. Prof. J. C. Ward, of Killybegs. 
J.F. CornpÁtiAc An CjvíofOAi-óe, by Rev. J. Furlong, 1842. 
J.S. James Scurry : Four Maxims of Christian Philosophy. Waterford, 1825. 
Keat. Keating's (a) History of Ireland, (b) Three Shafts of Death. Ed. 

Atkinson, (c) eocAin S51AC ati Aiprunn. Ed. P. O'Brien. 
K.M.. Kuno Meyer's Contributions to Celtic Lexicography. LeADAfi "bne^c. 
L/£.p. LonsAineAcc "peAristnp ■perómeAc, -plAnn -poittcil, Astir* lotion sonm- 

Itofg. D. MSS. 
L.L. Book of Leinster. 


t.U. teAOAti nA htlrófte. 

McD. SeA5Án clÁfUic 111ac *OoirmAill. 

MacHale. Archbishop Mac Hale's translation ÍDto Irish of (a) The Old 

Testament ; (6) Homer ; (c) Moore's Melodies. 
m.t>. tníceÁt "bjteAtriAc. 

M.C. Michael Comyn's Ossianic Tales in Verse. 
M.F.D. 1DAC píiéín T)tiD. P. O'Shea, 1903. 
M.L. Battle of Magh Lena. Ed. O'Curry. 
M.R. Battle of Magh Rath. Ed. O'Donovan, 1842. 
Niamh. Rev. Canon Peter O'Leary's Niamh. 
O'B. O'Brien's Irish-English Dicty., 1832. 

O'Beg. O'Begley's and Mac Curtin's English-Irish Dicty., 1732. 
O'D. The New Testament translated into Irish by Dr. William O'Donnell. 

Ed 1852. 
O'Gal. O'Gallagher's Irish Sermons. Ed. U. J. Bourke. 
O'M. O'Molloy's Irish Prosody. Ed. ó -plAti^Aile, 1908. 
O'N. O'Nolan's Sanas Gramadaigh. 
Or. = Oriel. 

O'R. O'Reilly's Engl'sh-Irish Dicty. with O'Donovan's Supplement. 
Oss. Ossianic Society's Publications. 

P.H. Passions and Homilies from the Leabhar Breac. Ed. Atkinson, 1885. 
P.L. Rev. P. Lamb's MS. Account of Purgatory. D. MSS. 
P.M. Poets and Poetry of Munster. 
P. O'L. Rev. Canon Peter O'Leary. 
P.S. Patrick Stanton's MS. Irish Dicty. 
P.W.J. Joyce : Irish Names of Places. 3 Vols. 
R.C. Revue Celtique. 
Sc. = Scotch Gaelic. 
S.L.C. SeAftc teAnriiAinc Cftiorc (Imitation of Christ) Ai-pc^igce teif An 

AcAYfi "OotiiriAlt Ó SvullioDÁin, 1822. 
S. triAC C. SeAmuf rriÁc CtiAjtcA. D. MSS. 
S.R. Saltair na Rann. Stokes. 

C.tht). Keating's Three Shafts of Death. Ed. Atkinson. 
T.C., T. Connellan's English-Irish Dicty. 
C.C.C. CoftuijjeAcc ClAnn ConcuoAi^ írnc HeAfA U15 UIait) le Cvi}iAi"óib tia 

C|tAob-tit)Ai"óe. D. MSS. 
T.Con. Thomas Conceannan. 

T.F. Three Fragments of Irish Annals. Ed. O'Donovan. 
C 11A he. Cófvuij;eAcc ha heilice. D. MSS. CtiyiAf HuaIa CAorh-c|ioiAC mjeAii R15 nA "PjtAirince 50 hóiftinn Ajtir 

a CójitnjeAÓc "oon ^|tAinnc le Uat>5 glé tine C1A11 line OI10II Oltrni. D, 

TZó]\. *Ó. 'Có^nigeAcc X)ia|mtiat)A if JJftÁirine. 
T.P. Thesaurus Paloeohibernicus. Stokes. 
Wb. Windisch's Worterbuch, 1880. 
Z. Zeuss : Grammatica Celtica. 
Z.C.P. Zeitschrift fur Celtische Philologie, 1897, etc. 



(poctóm t)éAUtA-5Ae > óil5e.) 

A (1) Ailm (the pine tree), the 
first letter of the Irish alphabet. 
It has two sounds — one long- 
like' a in call or fall, as tán, full; 
ájvo, high; but in Don. and U \ 
generally like a in far ; and the 
other short like o in odd as mAc, 
son ; bAC hindrance ; 54*0 a withe ; 
AiiAm, soul; star, green; and 
sometimes like a in fat as AbAin 
say, speak; Anoir now; AniAn 
from the west. At the end of 
words it is pronounced obscurely 
like a in tolerable, as "oéAnuA, 
done (in Con. T>éAncAÍ) céArtA, 
crucified and like u in full as 
•oéAnpAT) I will do ; -pAnpyo I 
will stay and similar futures. 
Before *o or 5 followed by a 
broad vowel or by 1, m, n, -p, c 
or 5, a is pronounced like eye, 
except at the end of words of 
more than one syllable, where it 
is sounded like a in general, as 
btiAiA-ó striking, in M. and S. Con.; 
in N. Con. 00 in too ; in U like 
short ; peACA-ó, a sin. Before 
m, t>, it, nn and 115 in mono- 
syllables a is pronounced in M. and 
Con., like oiv in hoiv, as Am, time 
^ada. a smith, bAU, a member, 
p\nn, weak, mAtij;, a bag ; but 
in the North it has its short 
sound, except in the case of Ab, 


which is pronounced like ó, as 
^AbAn ($ón), a goat, but not 

(2) In Irish a (short) has many 
significations : — (a) poss. pron., 
his, her, its, their. As his it 
aspirates consonants but does 
not affect vowels, as a ceAnn, 
his head; a An Am, his soul; 
as her it does not affect con- 
sonants but prefixes n to vowels, 
as a ceAnn, her head; a ti av\ Am, 
her soul ; as their it eclipses 
consonants and prefixes n- to 
vowels, as a gceAnn, their heads, 
a n-AnAm, their souls. 

It is used (i) idiomatically in ex- 
pressions of quantity, number, 
resemblance, etc., as 'n-A AonAj\, 
alone ; his brother is dead and 
he is left alone, cá a t)eA|\b- 
ttÁCAifv mAj^b A^nr cÁfeifeAn 'n-A 
AonAfv ; it is no miracle at all 
ní míojAbAite é, a beAj; nó a mó{\ 
(beA5 n<\ mój\, Con) give me half ; 
of it, cAbAij\ a LeAc "Oom-f a ; 
its equal, a f AriiAit. 

(ii) With independent numerals and 
representing An as a tiAon, one; 
a T)ó, two. In Con. An *oó An 


(iii) With verbal nouns to express 
state, condition, etc., as 'n-A 
feAfAtii, standing (lit in his 


( 2 ) 


standing) ; 'ii-a toy c, silent ; Vi-a 
Uu$e, lying; Vi-a furóe, sitting ; 
'n-A co'oUvú, asleep. 

(iv) Meaning his, their and used 
idiomatically with the verb 
to be, to express state or con- 
dition and to ascribe a predi- 
cate to its subject : — cá fé 'h-a 
feA\\, he is a man (not a boy) ; 
if peAf\ é means he is a man 
(not a woman or anything else) ; 
IM fé 'n-A jm'5 £A*oo, he was a 
king long ago ; beit Vi-a riiAc 
trmÁ pófCA, to be a legitimate 
child. Also with other verbs : 
5^0 Aim neArh Ajjuf CAtAtii 'n-A 
-piA'ónAiO, I take heaven and 
earth as witnesses — P. and II., 

(v) Instead of -oo, before verbal 
nouns to denote the subject in 
the case of intransitive verbs, as 
if 511ÁÚAC T>oifi-r-A a beit tnAf\ 
fin, being in that condition is 
habitual with me ; and the ob- 
ject in the case of transitive 
verbs, as t>A iíiaií tiom a 
t)éAtiAtri,I would like to do it. 

(b) rel. pron., who, which, that, 
that which, all that ; (i) eclipsing 
consonants when it means all 
that, all who. &c, and asp. that 
which, as a T)cti5 fé teif, all 
that he brought with him ; a 
C115 fé teif , which he brought 
with him ; a -ocAinig, all who 
came ; A|\ a mbíox) "oéAncA 
Aige, on all that he used to 
have done — P. O'L. (ii) As- 
pirating in the active voice, as 
the man who strikes, au -peAj\ a 
buAiteA-p. (iii) Prefixing n- to 
vowels, there was a lie in all 
they used to say, x>o bío"ó bjAéA^ 
1 115AC -pocAi t)'a n-Abf AiT)if ; all 
that he says ,ArHAbf\Arm fé; J. P. II 
every word which they used to 

say, 5AÓ pocAt a "oeAjuTrir-. J. P. II, 
(iv) In the passive voice there is no 
change in consonants, as ati -peAjv 
a motcAjv, the man who is praised ; 
but n is prefixed to vowels, as au 
peAf a ha-oiacat), the man who 
was buried, where a = x>o ; x>o 
not At) An T>eoc. (v) Changed to 
A|\ with past tense and meaning 
all who, all which, all that : aji 
a troeA|\nAit) fé peAlt, all on 
whom he worked treachery 
J. P. II 

(c) In place of the preposition 1, in, 
as A-buf, in this world, on this 
side ; aid' tÁnfi, in my hand ; 
at)' cfioit)e, in thy heart. 

(d) As the sign of the vocative 
case aspirating a p\\ boicc, 
Oh, poor man ; a beAn bocc, 
Oh, poor woman. 

(e) As an auxiliary vowel after 
certain particles, as m&]\ a bptnt 
cú Anoif, where you are now. 

(/) As ó, jrom, Aniof , from below ; 
AnuAf , from above ; atiau. 
from yonder or beyond ; Anoijv 

AUT)eAf, AT11Af\, AT)CUA1T), from 

the east, south, west, north. 

(g) In Aj\íf, a CL05, and before 
verbs it represents x)o. 

There is no word in Irish for 
the indefinite article. It is al- 
ways understood : 1p ceAfic i, 
it is a hen. 

Aback, ad., to the rear, backward, 
5C11I, t?Á cút, a\\ 5CÚL, cum cult, 


Abaft, ad., towards the stern, a 
f5Ai]:i-fV|A ; a 5c út ; aj\ a' "ocAob 
tiA|v ; cum x)ei|\ró. 

Abandon, v.t. (1) cpeipm ; -eAn ; 
-jinu ; -5f 1ri \ SbeAt (u) ; v.t. (a) 
to abandon or quit absolutely, 
X)o t|iéi5 fí é 50 clAon $au UAif e : 
T)eAiADoif\5ittA, she wickedly 
abandoned him without pity — 


( 3 ) 


B. O'H ; (b) to forsake, ir 
niAi|\5 a éftéígéAf An xnnne 
gnÁt Af tniine x>Á tfÁt nó tfí 
(prov.), woe to him who aban- 
dons the old acquaintance for 
the new ; (c) desert, nÁ cféig 

X>Q CAf\A1X> Af\ X>0 CU1X) (prOV.), 

do not desert your friend for 

thy portion : 

Friend and worldly wealth will 

abandon you, 
And so will child and wife. 

Ufléljpt) "Op ÉAft&TO AgUf X)0 
ril AG 111 fAO^Alt cti 

Upéi5t:iT> "oo DéÁn Agnr x>o ctAnn 

fém tú. 
(d) renounce, I will a — -women 
and drink for ever (lit. till 
death), cj\éi5peAX) 50 néAg ua 
mnÁ 1 An c-ótACÁn. (2) SéAn- 
Aini-AT), v.t., if otc féAndx') An 
ém a tféi^eAf a liéAntAií fém, 
bad is the abandonment of the 
bird who abandons its own 
young. (3) pÁgAim (pÁgóAim), 
-0Á1I, -Áit, -Ainu. thme fin 
fingpro An peA[\ a acaija &S u V 

A 1Í!ÁUA1f\ AJUf CeAtl^tÓCAIX) *o'a 

. itinAoi. (4) Cuifvim fUAf x>o. 

Abandoned, a:, forsaken, deserted, 
(1) cféigte; (2) féAnuA (denied, 
renounced) (3) fÁgcA. 

Abandoning, n., the act of for- 
saking or deserting, unéigeAn, 
-5m, m. (Coneys) ; -jme, /. (Din); 
a. women is not a habit with men 

ní OéAf AJ tlA fe.A|\AlO 11 A ríínÁ 
x>o tféigedn ; (2) féAnA'ó-nuA, 
m.; (3) -pÁ5ÁiL-ÁtA, /. 

Abandonment, uféi^eAnAcc, f. ; 
cf éigeAUAf -Aif , m.; cADAif c f uAf . 

Abase, v.t., degrade, debase, hum- 
ble, (1) íftigim-iu§A í ú, abase him 
that is high, íftig ati cécÁÁfX) — - 
cf., Ezek. 21, 26 ; (2) uiftiflijgim , 
-uijAT), behold everyone that is 
proud and abase him, féAé 5AC 

Aon xnnne uAibfeAC -j lUfifUg é 
—Job 40, 11. 

Abased, a., lowered, humbled, 
mfifeAt, -fte ; nififtigte. 

Abasement, n., the state of being 
abased or humbled, humilia- 
tion, uif\ifte(Acc) ; /., cun fiof. 
T)o 5IACAT) An xinonj; fo niAf 
|\o$Am .... tnfifteAcc 1 n-Áic 

UACUAjWIACCA (0'(x.). 

Abash, v.t., to put to shame, (1), 
nÁinij;mi-ui5At) ; (2), cui|\im 
nÁijie with Af. 

Abashed, a., put to shame, nÁif ij;ce; 

fpAfpAfAC (OAfpAfAC), -A1$e 


Abashment, h), confusion from 
shame, nÁif\ij;eAcc, -a, /; (2), 
fpAfpAf (also OAfpAf), -Aif, m. 

Abasing, n., the act of bringing 
low, ifimjAt), lUf-iftuijAt), gen., 

Abate, v.t., to lessen, to dimin- 
ish, (1) tAjmnjim, -ujAX) ; (2) 
mAitim-ceAtn, (forgive, remit), 
ni lUAicfeAt) feóiftmg, I will 
not abate a farthing ; ni riiAit- 
l?eAt) fé ófVotAc x>ó, he would 
not abate an inch ; (3) ifii§im 
-mjAD, (come down). "o'if^S 
An c-Anp At), the storm abated ; 
(4) abating of snow, rain, etc., (a) 
fiolAnu, -ax), or fiolmgim, -tox>, 
also to abate or cut down (Con.); 
(b) uAotAnn, -ax) ; (c) cá AiceAtt 
(gen., -a, m.), beAc; Anoif Ann, 
the rain begins to abate (ni. 0.) ; 
cá fé A5 eif^e 1 n -AiceAtt a, id. 
(d) niAottn^ini-u^AX) andniAotAnn- 
ax), the storm is abating, cá 
An c-Anf ax) A5 niAotAX) ; (5) 
C|AAocAim, ax), v.t., éifc te 
5A0C 11 a mbeAnn 50 cuaocaix) v\a 
ninfsí, listen to the wind of the 
peaks till the waters abate 
(U. prov.)— H. M. ; (6) tA$- 


( 4 ) 


•on 151m -115 at), v.t. and int., cá 
An ce^f -A3 Ldjmi^AT), cÁ mo 
piAn A3 l, the heat, my pain 
abates ; (7) cújwAim, -nAtíi, v.t. 
and iw/. : if le bAitm^e -póf 
*oo "OeAnAm t>o túfuiAT) peAjvs T)é, 
it is, again, by doing penance 
that the anger of God was les- 
sened or abated ; iaj\ > ocújmAm 
ha •oiteAnn, after the deluge 
abated — Keat. 

Abated, a., lessened or diminished, 
LA^mnjte, iftijte. 

Abatement, n, the amount de- 
ducted (in rent, etc.); (1) LA5- 
fcáifue, g. id., m. ; (2) lAr3Awe, 
g. id., /., LAifse or Unf^e (Don.) ; 
(3) mAiteAm, -cirfi, m. ; (4) 
te-A^At), -5CA, m. ; (5) reAct 
AnuAf , to give an a ; *oo 
tuj fé tAgrÁifce mój\ *oaiti, he 
gave me a large a. 

Abating, w., the act of reducing 
or lessening, (1) — (a) cjaaoóa'ó, 
-ccA, m.; (6) caoIat), -Ixa, m. 
(A T . C.) ; (c) cfVAotAt), -cca, m.; 
(2) íftiujAt), -ugte, m., cjAom i. 
abating strongly ; (3) Ia^-oh^a"©, 
-tii5te, m. ; (4) cufttiArh, -Aim, m. 
(M), reminding them that there is 
nothing more effective for a. pride 
than thinking of their last end, 
"o'a ctif\ 1 5céitt nÁ pint 3téAr 
A]\ bic T)o tufttiArh An "oiomnfA 
if mó ionÁ -pmnAmeAX) ajv a 
3Cfúc tTOéróeAnAi^ (Keat.) ; (5) 
the rain is a. cá r é A5 eif\5e niof 
ctnnme; (Or), A3 ei^e 1 n- 
AiceAtiA ; (6) A3 r íotót). 

Abbacy, w., the dignity, estate or 
jurisdiction of an abbot, AbTnnne, 
gen. id., f.; mAiniru^eAcc, -a, /. 

Abbatial, Abbatical, a., belonging 
to an abbey, Ab'ómneAc, -m5e ; 
(2) mAinifc^eAc, -fvi^e. 

Abbess, n., the superior of a con- 
vent of nuns, (1) mÁúAiji mAg- 

AtcA, gen., mÁtA^ |\-, pi., mÁit- 
•peACA, /.; (2) Abb-ttiÁúAi|\, -tA|\ 
-Áit|\eAóA, /.; (3) beAnAbb, /. ; 
mÁtAifv-Abb, /,-; (4) beAn cóm- 

AfAbA, /. 

Abbey, n., a monastic building, a 
monastery, mAinifoj\ (ua £éite), 
Abbey(feale) ; gen. -cj\eAc, pi. 

-CJAeACA, /. 

Abbot, n., the superior or head 
of an abbey, (1) ÁjVo-bjvÁtAi^, 
-ía|\, -jAÁitfve, m.; (2) ájvo- 
triAnAC, -A15, m.; (3) Abb, gen. 
AbbA ; pi. AbA'óA (Heb. AbbA, 
" pater "). At Rathoran in 
Kerry, where there was for- 
merly an abbey, the people in 
their stories about the last 
abbot always call him " the 
Abbé "; (4) comAj\bA, gen. id., 
pi. aí, m. (a successor) ; (5) in Am 
-Aim, m. (TTlACcnAm An bume 
^oUseAf A15). The next in degree 
to an abbot was called feAónAb, 

Abbot (chief), n., pA^-Abb, m. 

Abbotship, n., the state or office 
of an abbot, AbmnneAcc, -a, /.; 
UiAmnAcc, -a, /. 

Abbreviate, v.t, to abridge, (1) 
5iomuu3im, -u5At), v.t.; (2) Ait- 
5iofv^Aim -at) ; (3) ciopf\bAim, -At), 

Abbreviating, n., the act of abridg- 
ing or shortening, (1) 310^^11^*0, 
-tngte, m.; (2) ciomibAT), -uitjte, 
m.; (3) noT)Ai|\eAcu, -a, /.; (4) 
At-ciimAifieAcc, -a, /. 

Abbreviation, n., the form to 
which a word is reduced when 
abbreviated, (1) not), -oroe,-A, /; 
•olijje T)aoi cui3-teA3A-p3 ; cei|\c- 
teA5Af5 "oo'n ufAoi tj\eóf\Ac. 
UtnseAnn mAC-léijpnn teAt-frocAt. 
'fí ní beA3 not) T>o'n eol5AC (St. 
Mai. MS.). Much teaching is 
the due of the dunce. Little 


( 5 ) 


that of the quick scholar. The 
student understands half a word 
(.1. requires but brief explana- 
tion), and an a. is sufficient for 
the expert. 

Abbreviations, use of, noT>AifieAcc. 

Abbreviator, n., one who abbre- 
viates or shortens, (1) aic- 
5iof\fv<voói \\, -ój\a, -f\í, m.; (2) 
noT>Aifve, g. id., pi., -j\i, m. 

ABC, (1) Aibgicip, -cpe f. (2) 
Aibroit -T)te /. (3) Aibticifi -c|\e /. 

Abdicate, v.t. and i., to renounce 
or relinquish, (1) cii&Airn ftiAf 
-An co|Aóin ; An eoj\óm t>o tAbAif\c 
ftiAf (Or) ; (2) cuif\im rtiAf T>e'n 
co|\óm ; (3) AtnAiciim -acaT). 

Abdication, n., the act of relin- 
quishing high office voluntarily, 

(1) AÓTACAT), -CCA, m.; ACtlACAT) 

^íog-cofóm ; (2) cAbAif\c ftiAf. 
Abdomen, n., the part of the body 
between the thorax and the 
pelvis, (1) bot^, gen., t>'«its m - 
(belly) ; (2) gAibteAti, -tin, m. 
(Or.), from ^AbAt, the groin ; (3) 
cá|\|\, gen. zá^a^ m., cf. W. torr; 
(4) pei|Aciott, m. gen. -citt; (5) 

CUA'OÁlt-ÁtA /., (CflUAÓ CoUAltt). 

Abdominal, a., ventral, (1) bot^AC, 
-Aije, (2) uá|A|\ac, (3) peificiottAC 

Abdominous, a., pot-bellied, rneAT)- 
AtAc, -Aij;e. 

Abduct, v.t., to kidnap, -puAmnjitn, 


Abducted, a., puATJinjce. 
Abduction, n., the act of kid- 
napping, -pt1AT)AÓ, -A1§, M.; £I1AT)- 

aó mnÁ, the a. of a woman. 
Abductor, n., one who abducts, 

puAT>ui5ceói^, -ó|\a, -jn, m. 
Abed, ad., in bed or on the bed, 

1 teAbAro, A|\ teAbAi"ó. 
Aberrant, a. (1) reAójvÁnAé, -Aige 

(wandering) ; (2) exceptional or 

deviating from the ordinary 

type, neAiri-coicceAin, -cmne. 
Aberration, n. (I) departing from 
the usual path, f eACjAÁtiAcc ; 

(2) mental derangement, (a) 
f AobóAn céitte. J. P. H.(b) tneAjvA- 
bAtt, -Aitt, m.; (c) neAtti-ttieAbAi|A, 
-bfAc, /. ( Aran) ; (d) tneAfgAn 
meAfiAróe ; (e) ajv f'eórb (Or). 

Abet, v.t., to encourage by counten- 
ance in some bad act, (1) stnor- 
Aim, -at) ; (2) fpneAgAim, -At) ; 

(3) fAijTOim, -'oeA'ó ; (4) bjAOf- 
ctnjim, -ugAt). These words 
mean rather incite than abet but 
they are the nearest there are. 

Abetment, n., the act of abetting. 
See Abetting. 

Abetting, n., the act of encourag- 
ing without actually helping, (1) 
SfiofAT), -fCA, m.; (2) fpfieA^AT), 
-5CA, m.; (3) f Ai^-oeAt), -oró, m.; 

(4) b|A0fCH5A > ó, -urgce, m. 
Abettor, n., one who abets, (1) 

5j\íofAT)óif, -ójva, -f.í, m.; (2) 
bjvofcuijceóifi, m.; (3) rmrmj;- 
ceóij\, m. 

Abeyance, n., suspension, in a. (1) 
aj\ f cat) ; (2) 'n-A f eAf Am ; (3) 
if anything remains in a., let it 
be the work, mÁ feAftujeAun 
Aon juro, feAftujeAT) An obAif. 

Abhor, v.t., to loathe or detest, 
hate or abominate, (1) puACAim, 
-a"ó (hate) ; (2) gjvÁinigiiri, -iujat> 
(detest) ; (3) T>éirceAnAim, -ceAn 
(loathe) ; (4) A*opu At tngim (abo- 
minate) ; (5) (idiom) ; (a) ir otc 
Uom é ; (b) An jura if meAr-A 
teAc nÁ au bÁf ní feAX>A\\ cú 
nAó é bÁf^ T)o teAf a é, what you 
abhor worse than death may, 
unknown to you, be the height 
of good luck ; (c) cá sjiÁm A^Am 
Aifv ; (d) if beA5 ojun é (P.O'L) ; 
(e) n\ tú^A Uom é nÁ An fioc. 

Abhorred, p. a., puAcuigce. 


( 6 ) 


Abhorrence, n., extreme hatred or 
detestation, fti At, -a, in.; (2) 
ftiAtmAife, g. id. f. ; (3) 5fÁm, 
-e, and -auac, /.: (4) >oéifceAn, 
-an, m.; (5) *oeAf5-5fÁm, -e, /.; 
(6) tni£>-5tait>, -e, /.; (7) uf- 
5fÁm, -e, /. 

Abhorrent, a., loathing, detesting, 
(1) *oéifuineAc, -mje ; (2) 5fÁm- 
eAmAil, -rhtA ; (3) f uAtvfiAn, 
-Aine ; (4) 5f\ÁtiT)ó, inch; (5) 
ftiAtAfAc, -Aige. 

Abhorrer, n., one who abhors, 
ftiAtAT)óif, m. 

Abhorring, ?i., the act of loathing 
or detesting, puAt<yó (f tiAtugAt)). 

Abidance, n., the state of abiding, 
commirgteAcc, -a, f. 

Abide, v.i., (1) dwell or inhabit, 
comnuróim, -*óe ; this verb has 
the double sense of dwelling or 
remaining in a place and resting 
stable in the same state or con- 
dition ; (2) remain, continue to 
be, fAnAim, -AifiAin(c), v.n., also 
f auacc ; abide with me f aii ahi 
£ocAin(Gen. 29, 19); (3) torm 11151m 
-U5A0, the place where ever- 
lasting joy abides, ah 1011 ax> m a 
tonmngeAnn 5ÁijvoeACAf 5 An foif- 
ceAnti (S.L.C. 2) ; (4) (idiom), 
good fortune abides with a fool, 
UijgeArm fonAf Af AmATiAn. 

Abide by, (1) f eAf Aim te (maintain, 
adhere to, stand to) ; (2) aoh- 
1:11151m te (acquiesce in, con- 
form to). 

Abiding, n., the act of dwelling, 
continuing or remaining, (1) 
comnuroe, g. id. /.; (2) ftnfeAC, 
-CA, m.; (3) tonnugA'ó, -tngte, m. 
1f bAOf fAt» 5A11 bjAOfciigAT) >oo'n 
10HAT) 111 a tonntngeAnn 5Á1 jvoeACAf 
5Aii foifceAnn, it is folly not to 
hasten to where joy without end 
abides (S.L.C). 

Abiding, a., continuing, lasting. 

comnmgteAC, -trge, 5nÁtAC, -Aijje, 

■píofv-LÁitfieAc, -frge, fOfAfCA = 

Abigail, n., a lady's maid, bAncoim- 

xyeAc, -THge, pi. mnÁ-coin'roeACA. 


Ability, n., power to perform in 
any sense, (1) cumAf, -Aif, m.; 
5A11 cumAf Ai5e Cfioc *oo cuf 
Aif , without a. to finish it ; (2) 
curhAcc, -a, /.; x>o fvéi|\ Áf 
5curhAcxA, according to our a. ; 

(3) ÁbAtcAóc, -a, /. (P. O'C) ; 

(4) Ac-ptnrm, /., gen. -tine, pi. 
-nneACA ; xyo 5AC neAó *oo neif 
a ACftnnne, to each according 
to his a. (Matt. xxv. 15) ; (5) 
féimm, /.; 'r mé Am co*otA 50 
cfom 5A11 iúeAOAi|\ 5A11 peijvim 
(B.M.) ; peif\im or eimrn = 
ability of mind or intellect ; 
(6) 5UfCAt, in.: if -or.we 5A11 
^ufCAt 5 An eif eAcc é ; (7) neAfc. 
g. neifc, nó mfu in. ; (8) foinat- 
eAcc, -a, /. cf. L. fortis, able, 

Abject, a., degraded, servile, des- 
picable, (1) r uajaac, -Aitje ; (2) 
beA5 Uiac ; (3) ciotf AmAC, -Ai$e; 
(4) •oíbtráe, cf. I,, debilis, weak, 
infirm, impotent, éi5tróe, ind. 

Abjectness, n., meanness, servility. 
(1) ruAfAcc, -a, /.; (2) éi5tix>- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

Abjectly, ad., meanly, servilely ; 
(1) 50 f uajvac ; (2) 50 néijtróeAc : 
(3) 50 ua|\cu if 11 e Ac. 

Abjuration, n., a renunciation 011 
oath, (l)cúit-mioniui$A'ó, -tn^te. 
m.; (2) moro-tmUcA-o, -rtA, m.; 

(3) féAUAT), -11 ca, ni. 

Abjure, v.t., to renounce on oath, 
to forswear, to disavow, (1) ctnt- 
miorm 11151m, -115AT) ; (2) móro- 
mútcAim, -At> ; (3) féAtiAim, -a*ó; 

(4) eici5im, -ueAó. 


( 7 ) 


Ablative, Ablative case, ah cuifeAt 


Ablaze, ad. and a., on fire; (1) Af 
tAf At) ; (2) Af bÁff-tAf fide ; (3) 
'n-A *óóií;ceÁn ; (4) te ternix) 
(Con) ; (5) cfé ternix). 

Able, a. (1) competent, qualified, 
capable, (a) cumAf ac, -Ai$e, I am 
not a. to carry you by myself 
alone, ní'tirn-fé ctnruvfAó aja 
ón|\ n-iomcAf tiom fern Am 
AonAf ; (5) curhACCAC, -Aige ; (c) 
cumACCAmAit, -mtA ; (iZ) foifote 
•c/., L. fortis, able ; (e) ACftnn- 
neAC, -mje, able men, -oAome 
ACfumneACA (Ex. 18, 21) ; (/) 

Áff ACCAC, -A1je, X)0 f Af AX)Afl fW 

'íia ivoAowib ÁffAccAc (Gen. vi. 

4) ; (g) f Ab, -Aibe ; (Ji) tonn, 

-Unnne ; (i) able to walk, Aif- 

cneAc, -fije ; (j) ÁbAtcA, ind., 

c.f. L. habilis ; able to do it 

ÁbAtCA Af A •óéÁriArii. 

(2) Idiom, having sufficient power, 

strength, skill or means to do 

a thing, (a) I am a. to walk now, 

if féroif tiotn fiubAt Anoif ; (b) 

C15 tiom, I am a., " it comes with 

me "; he is not yet a. to go 

home, ní 05 teif *out AbAite f óf ; 

no one shall be a. to stand before 

thee, ní tiocfAii) te -otnne aja 

bit feAfAtri jAónhAc (Deut. 8, 24) ; 

■(e) 1 n-An (=1 n-1011) also 1 n-Arm ; 

are you a. to do it, bf tntif 1 n-An 

a "óéAtiuA (M. and Con.) ; a. to 

work, 1 n-ion oibne ; are you a. to 

fight, bf int f é lorniAc cfOTM ; 

•(d) 1 f iocu ; I am a. to help, 

rÁnn 1 mocc cAbf a x>o cAbAirvc ; 

•(e) Af fon ; and without one of 

you being a. to defend himself 

while I should be away from 

you, A^ttf 5A11 tnnne A$Aib aja 

fon é péiti a cofiiAm An feAT) 

*oo beroirm-fe tiAib (CO. A. 172) ; 

Agtif ca 50 fóitt Aj\ fori bit) 

*oo cAiceAiii, and yet a. to take 
food (P. L.) ; An Of tut cú ai\ 
fori fiubAit, are you a. to 
walk ? (Or.) ; (/) 1 n-mme fiubAit 
(Don.) ; 1 n-mmb \\eAtA, a. to run 
(L7. and Con.); (g) Af cumAf, 
Thomas is not a. to go there, ni't 
fé Af cum Af ÚomÁif tmt Ann. 
Note that all these idiomatic 
phrases are followed by a genr- 
tive and many of the old people 
translate them " fit " not ' ; able." 

-Able, affix = (1) fo- prefix as 
fo-miiince, teachable ; (2) m- 
prefix as ion-póf ca, marriageable. 
lOn-gtActA acceptable, worthy of 
acceptance ; ín-frfeÁgAftA, an- 

Able-bodied, f gAf An ca ind; an able- 
bodied man, fcf ApAine, pfeAb- 
Aif e ; f eAf fgotbÁncAc, bf^A- 
ttóA nó teigce (Aran) ; an able- 
looking but useless man, fcrféAp; 
-ofAbAife, a huge lazy fellow ; 
5iúfCA, g. id. pi. -aí, m. 

Abloom, ad. In bloom, 1 mbtÁc. 

Abluent, a., washing away, (1) 
mjueAc, -ci$e ; (2) ^Iaucac, 
-Aige ; (3) f otcAc, -Ai$e. 

Ablush, ad. and a., blushing, 
ruddy, a\\ tAf aT) ; a\\ tAf a*ó te 
nÁife, a. with shame. 

Ablution, n., the act of washing, 
(1) urge, gen. gee, /.; (2) sIaua-ó, 
-ncA, m.; (3) ionnlA*ó, -nAlxA, 
m.; (4) folcAT), -Am, m. 

Ably, ad., in an able manner, 50 


Abnegate, v.t, to deny and reject, 

(1) t> in tu Aim, -At) also T)iútxui5im 
-u§at) ; (2)féAiiAim -a*ó. 

Abnegation, n., denial, renuncia- 
tion, (1) tiiiAivoiú1x<vó, -Anj, m.; 

(2) féAnAt), -ncA, m. 
Abnegative, a. Tending to deny 

or renounce ; (1) thuIcac, -Aije ; 
(2) féAncAó, -Ai§e. 


( 8 ) 


Abnormal, a., not conformed to 
rule or system ; (1) ne-Atfi- 
coicceATW, -cmne ; (2) neAtri- 
SnÁtArhAit, -mlA ; (3) neim- 
jviasaIca, ind. 

Aboard, ad., on board, Ap bójvt) 

Abode, n., residence, dwelling, 
habitation, (1) ÁicfieAb, -eib, 
-a, m.; (2) (-p)ÁjVAf , -Air, m.; (3) 
Áic cotimuijce, gen. Áice c, pi. 
Á1 ceAnn a. 

Aboiling, ad., boiling, aj\ pmóA-ó. 

Abolish, v.t., to annul, to make 
void, "oo óufv aja scut ; •oei^eA'ó 
T>o ctnf teir ; r^mor Aim vn. rsmor. 

Abolishable, a. ; (1) capable of being 
abolished, f o-rsmorcA ; pux> ir 
péroij\ *oo ctnn An gcút nó *oo 
fStviof AmAó ; (2) fit to be abo- 
lished, lon-fSfuofCA. 

Abolition, n., the act of abolishing 
or annulling, rsmorAt), -rcA, m.; 
cuj\ A|\ scut. 

Abolitionist, n., one who favours 
the abolition of any institution, 

f5|VI0f€Ó1fl, -ÓfAA, -ní, m. 

Abominable, a., detestable, loath- 
some, (1) A > optiAttriA-|A, -Aij\e ; (2) 
5|\ÁineAttiAit, -ttilAk ; (3) ptiACA- 
tfiAiL, -rhtA ; (4) 5nÁnx)A, ind.; 
(5) t)éif cweAC, -ni$e ; (6) rsfieAc- 
-Aó, -Aije. 

Abominableness, n., the state or 
quality of being detestable, xvó- 
f uAtrhAj\ACc, /.; sjvAineAmtACc, /. 

Abominably, ad., detestably, (1) 
50 tiA*of:iiAtiiiAj\ ; (2) 50 5|\Áine- 

Abominate, v.t., to abhor, to 
loathe, (1) (a) mófsnÁimjim ; 
(b) T)tit35jvÁini5im, nó "oeA^^fvÁin 
*oo beic A5 > oinne An ; (c) >oeAf\5- 
51AÁini5im, -mjAt) ; (2) -puAt- 
tngim, -ugA'ó ; (3) A > ó-iptiAtui5im, 
-ugAt) ; (4) t)éifceAnAim, vn. 

Abomination, n., loathing, abhor- 
rence, (1) siAÁweAririACc, /.; (2) 
•oéifueAU, -cm, m.; (3) A*ópuAt- 
mAjvAcc, -a, /.; (4) -piiAtmAifveAcc, 
-a, /. (5) mó^siAÁm, -e, /. 

Aboriginal, n., an original inhabi- 
tant, -peAf *oe'n btm-rcoc ; Aon 
*oe'n céAT) cneAb. 

Aboriginal, a., of or relating to 
aborigines, reAnfóinneAC. 

Aborigines, n., native races, (1) 
f eAnjróijAne, /. (pi.) ; (2) An céA"o 
cneAb ; (3) btm-rcoc, gen., -cwc, 
m. (the old stock) ; (4) btm-tucc 
nó ppiom-tucc, -a, m.; (5) pniom- 

Abortion, n., a miscarriage, (1) 
AnAbAróeACc,/. (p.t.); (2)coinceA-p 
ATiAbAró, m. ; (3) Aimbfieic /. ; (4) 
uo£UiAireAcu, -a, /. (B.L.L. III. 
550 ; P.H. 5155 ; Stokes Goid, 
55) ; (5) nenfi-iomCAfv, :aij\, m. 

Abortive, a., (1) miscarrying, fruit- 
less, AnAbAro ; (2) failing in its 
effect, neim-bfijeAc (a), nenii- 
éipeAccAó (b). 

Abortively, ad., in an abortive 
manner, 50 bAriAbAró. 

Abortiveness, n., the quality of 
being abortive, AnAbAvoeACu, /. 

Abound, v.i., to be in great plenty, 
(1) "oo beic lÁn "oe ; (2) -poi|\- 
tionAim, -At). 

Abounding in, possessing in abun- 
dance, (1) tÁn x>e ; (2) poin- 
tioncA te. 

About, prep., (1) around, on every 
side of, (a) amceAUi, a. the stack, 
c. nA cm.iAice ; a. my head, c. 
mo ceAnn ; coimmse T)é a*o 
cimceAll, may the protection 
of God be about you ; (b) pÁ, 
pé (M.), -pó, pAoi (Con. and U.) ; 
about her head, -pÁ n-A ceAnn ; 
bind them a. thy neck, ceAn^Ail 
■pÁT)' bfÁ^Ai'o iat) (Prov. 3, 3) ; 
-pÁ'n 05, about the house 


( 9 ) 


somewhere (Or) im nó um, 
tmiAim no ionium, a. me ; tmiAc, 
a. thee ; mme, a. him ; uimpe, 
a. her ; tmiAwn, a. us ; uniAib, 
a. you ; umpA nó iompA, a. 

(2) Through or over in various 
directions, (a) pÁ ; a. Ireland, 
pÁ 6inmn ; (b) An rúT) ; run- 
ning a. the place, a$ nic An 
púx) ua bÁice. 

(3) Engaged in, intent on, (a) 1 
rnbtin ; he came a. his own 
business, úÁmi5 ré 1 rnbun a 
gnóuA péw ; (&) 1 brevóit ; I am 
here a. my father's business, 
cÁim Ánnro 1 brerórt ^notA 
rn'AíAn; (c) pÁn-AjjnAite péw (Í7.) 

(4) Near, of time, quantity, size, 
etc., (a) amceAtt ; on his going 
out a. the third hour, a\^ trout 
AmAC'óó c. An cneAfUAin (Mat. 20, 
3) ; a. midnight, c. rneA'óóin oróce 
(Ex. 11,4); (b) rÁ, -pé, ró, rAoi ; 
to-morrow a. this time, rÁ'n (nó 
cuAinim An) Amro AmÁnAc (-Ea?. 9, 
18) ; (c) im, um ; a. this time 
yesterday, urn An t>caca (av\ auia) 
ro m^e ; (d) A5 bojvoAit (nó 1 
n*oÁit) te beit a. or near being. 

(5) In the act of, on the point of, 
(a) An cí ; when he was a. to 
open his mouth, nuAin a bí ré 
An ci a béAt "o' orgtA^) ; (b) An 
tob ; a. to do it, An cob a 
•óéAncA (Con.) ; (c) An bnuAc ; 
a. to fall, a\( bnuAC cutcme ; 
(d) A5 bofTOÁit coT)AtcA, a. to fall 
asleep Con ; (e) cum ; he was a. to 
strike him, bí r é cum a buAUxe. 

(6) Concerning, in regard to, on 
account of, touching, (a) 1 -ouAob; 
they were talking a. the man, 
bio'OAn A5 cAinnc 1 *ocAob An -pin ; 
a. it, 'n-A tAob ; a. her, 'n-A 
CAob ; a. him or it, x>'a 

tAob ; (b) 1 •oamceAtt ; a ques- 
tion .... a. the purifying, ceirc 
.... 1 "ocimceAtt An glAncA 
(John, 3, 25). 
About, ad., (1) on all sides, around, 
cimóeAtt ; all ye that kindle a 
fire, that compass yourselves 
a. with sparks, a "ónong uite 
•óeArv^Af ceme, noc timóeAttAf 
rib -pém omceAtt le "onittib 
(Isa. 50, 11). 

(2) In a circuit, by a circuitous 
way, (a) -pÁ gcuAinc ; wandering 
a. from house to house, (as) *out 
-pÁ ^cuAinc ó C15 50 05 (1 Tim. 
5, 13) ; (b) cAnc ; he was going 
about like a bull in a mist, bí r é 
as "out tAnc mAn "óAm 1 gceó. 

(3) Nearly, approximately with, 
close correspondence in quality, 
manner, degree, etc., also of 
quantity, number, time, (a) uim- 
ceAtt ; omceAtL A^ur ; omceAtt 
if ; a. as high as, omceAtt 
óórh bÁjVo Agur ; there fell .... 
a. three thousand men, *oo tuic 
.... omceAtt cní mite ipeAp ; 
give me about two and a half 
yards, zaX)am(\ "óom omceAtt *óá 
f Iac 50 teit ; (b) 1 *oomceAtt : 
about the space of two hours, 1 
•oomceAtt *oá uAin. Acts 19, 34 

(c) -pÁ cuAinim ; cuAinim nr; c. te 
(U.) ; a. £10, pÁ t. *oeic bpunc ; 

(d) idiom, (i) give me a. £7, cAbAirv 
"úom r eAóc bpunc nó mAn rm ; 
(ii) it is a. twenty years since* 
ca ré fUAf te pee btiAX)An 6 

(4) Idiomatic adverbial combina- 
tions having the force of about : — 
About money, mAroin te riAin- 
SeAt) ; what do those know 
a. shame, cá bpior "oóib finT> 
cat) a bAin te nÁine (P. O'L.) ; 
I cannot understand how it 
could come a., ní -péAt)Aim a 


( 10 ) 


T)éAnAm ahiac ciormup a ciocpAT) 
f é cum bAite ; a. seven pounds, 
peAéc bpunc nó mAp pm ; a. Ms 
business .1. attending to it, 1 
mbun a 511ÓCA ; a. going to 
sleep .1. dozing, A5 bopT>Áit 
coT)AtcA (Con.) ; I heard a. it, 
<iu AtA mé cpÁcc Aip ; there was 
some scandal a. him, bi puT> 
éigin Am 11 15 Aip ; wftai are you 

a.? CAT) CÁ A|A ptlOAL AJAlb ? 

'he was not long a. it, bA §eAmA 
An moitt Aip a T)éAnAm ; ní |\ad 
pé AbfAT) pÁ T)CAob *oe (J.C.TF.) 
he was looking a. him, bí p é a$ pé- 
acawc móp-cimceAtt Aip ; I do 
not know how ío set a. it, ui peA'OAp 
ciormup a cup ctnge ; I was 
a. to speak to you, bíop Ay ci 
lAbAipc teAc ; a. to do it, (a) aj\ 
ci a "óéAnAm (M.) ; (6) Ay cob (110 
-Ap ct) a *óéAiicA ( (7cm.) ; the house 
which I am a. to build, An 05 
AUAim Afi ci T)o cuppuAp (2 Chron. 
2, 9) ; a. to fill his belly, Ay ci 
a bot£ oo tíoruvó (Job 20, 23) ; 
a. to flee out of the ship, a\\ ci 
ceiceAiri Ay An turns ( J.cfe 27, 30); 
I was a. to write, 01 mé Ay ci 
pgpiobAT) (Rev. 10, 4). 

Above, prep., higher than in place, 
measure, rank < or degree, óf, óf 
cioun ; cAf , from which the pre- 
positional pronouns cAptn nó 
copm, tAfc, cAifif (mi), cAippe 
no CAippce (/.), CApAinn, CApAib, 
tAfCA and cAppcA, a., me, you, 

Above, adv., (1) higher in place, 
1 ti-Áifvoe, 1 n-uAcroAp ; at rest 
above, generally after motion, 
cuAf ; 01 a ctiAf( Cork; P.J. O'S); 
motion upwards, puAp ; motion 
from above, AtuiAf ; ó ha hutpgib 
C15 AntiAf Ay An Áic cuAf , from 
the waters that come down 
from above ; ciop 'f a p urn a -] 

buf (= cuAf) f a cifcnie (Tyr); in 
the same way ciop is rest below ; 
fiof , motion down wards ; Aniop, 
motion from below ; nt't f é Ann 
ctof nó cuAf, he is not there 
above or below ; a. all, tAp 5AC 
ní'ó ; mó-p a-c^c ; óf cAc ; 50 
móp-móp ; 50 nÁipice ; a. or 

011 top, Ay UACCAp. 

(2) Earlier in order, higher in the 
same page or in a foregoing 
page, cuAf ; as stated above, 
mAp Aicpifce Ay cu Ap. 

(3) More than, (a) óf ; thou art 
cursed a. all cattle, cá cu 
mAttuijce óf An tnte Áipnéip 
(Gen. 3, 14), Somet. UAf ; a 
fool above a gentleman, oac 
uAf p eAp UAf At (D.K. 84) ; (b) 
óf aonn ; moreover I have given 
to thee one portion a. thy 
brethren, cuitteAX) eite, tug mé 
muc-fe curo-ponnA op aonn tx> 
"óeApbpÁicpeAc (Gen. 48, 22). 

(4) Higher in rank, 1 n-tiAccAp ; 
thou shalt be a. only and thou 
shalt not be beneath, beró cu 
ArhÁin 1 ri-u aco Ap -| uí bevó cii 
1 n-iocDAp (Deut. 28, 13). 

Above-board, ad., above the table 
and hence without concealment, 
deception or trickery, (1) óp ÁpT>; 

(2) óf cionn ctÁip ; (3) 50 neAm- 
ppteÁT)Ac ; (4) óp córhAip An 

Above-mentioned, a., aforesaid, 

Abrade, v.t., to rub or wear off, 

(1) cunntim, -nntc; (2) ctimtuipm 

(n); (3)pnoigim, -$e. 
Abrasion, n., wearing away by 

friction, cuimitc, -e, /.; pnorge, 

-jce, m. 
Abreast, ad., side by side, (1) ucc 

te nucc ; (2) guAtA te $;uAtAinn ; 

(3) 5UAtA Ay guAtAmn ; (4) cAOb 
te cAob ; (5) te n-Aip a céite ; 


( 11 ) 


(6) fUAf le céile ; (7) cof Ay 
coif ; (8) uAob Ay t&oX). 

Abridge, v.t., (1) to make shorter, 
(a) AitgioffAim, -atj ; (b) 5iof- 
y 11151m, -njAt) ; (2) to condense, 
At-cumAifim, -mAif ; (3) to de- 
prive of, to cut off, ciOfVjtóutgim , 
-u^Ai), also cioffbAim, -oft. 

Abridged, a., made short, (1) ^iomv- 
ingue ; (2) AC-cumAif , -e ; (3) 
cioffbin^te, ind.; (4) jeAff, 
comp., jyoyyA. 

Abridger, n., one who abridges, (1) 
aiú~5io|\|va > oói|a, -óyA, -y\, m.; (2) 
no'OAine, gen. id., pi. -y\, m. 

Abridging, n., the act of making 
short, (1) giomuigAt), -tngte, m.; 

(2) ciof fbujAt), mjte, m. 
Abridgment, n., an epitome or 

compendium, (1) Aic5iomAAcu, 
-a, /.; (2) AicumAifeAcc, (-a. f. ; 

(3) seÁmvfoifm, -e, /. 
Abroad, ad., (1) outside one's 

house, Afmn]s, teAfmtnj:, with 
verb of rest ; AtnAc, with verb 
of motion ; -out ahiac, to go a. ; 
niA-pA yAV) gnóúAige awiac aca, 
beró a fÁit jnótAije 'f a bAite 
aca, if they have no business 
a. {Le., away from home) they 
will have plenty at home (U. 
prov., H. M.) ; (2) to go outside 
one's own country, -out caj\ leAy ; 
(3) before the public at large, 
óf Ájvo ; began .... to blaze 
a. the matter, t>o' tiormfgAw ye 
.... An ní"ó T>o ciija óf Áyx> 
{Mark i. 45). 
Abrogate, v.t, to annul or repeal, 
(1) 5tAo*óAim tA\\ n-Aif ; (2) 
cmmm Af neimnix) ; (3) cuifum 
Af 5CÍ1L ; (4) cmmm a\\ teAt- 


Abrogated, a., annulled, abolished 
or repealed, ciiftA Af ^cút. 

Abrogation, repeal by authority, Aif- 
gAifiu, -e, /.; 5l.Aot)Ac tAy n-Aif. 

Abrupt, a., (1) precipitous, steep, 
Afro, g.s.f., Áifoe; (2) sudden, 
hasty, unceremonious, (a) obArm, 
-Ainne, also cob^nn ; (b) 5fox), 
g.s.,f., syume ; (c) w.irs, -e, 
if T)i]Mf5 ah Tnnne é fin, reACAin 
uú yem, that man has a bad 
temper, look out {Atom) ; (d) 
f^unnAc, -Ai£e. 

Abruptly, ad., in an abrupt manner, 
suddenly, 50 nobAtin, no 30 
rob Arm, 50 5fo*o, 50 pfAf . 

Abruptness, n., the state of being 
abrupt, (1) oibneAóu, -a, /.; (2) 
oibne, g. id., /.; (3) obAinne, /.. 
also cobAirme ; (4) obAirmeAéc ; 
(5) fgunr.Af , -Aif , m. ; (G) f^tm- 

11A1feACC, -A, /. 

Abscess, n., a collection of pus in 
any tissue or organ of the body, 
(1) eAfc, g., -a, /.; (2) fiAC, 
-a, m., also fiA*o ; (3) mof 501*0. 
-e, -eACA, /., (boil) ; (4) ouaji , -ai}% 
m. (ulcer); mammary a., 5ADAL- 
rffnt, -oca, in'. (Con. and Din.); 
a. in the armpit, eAf.c-AfjAitt., 
-e, f. Op. 1_.) ; a. in the flank, 
toe tern ; core of a., mÁtA\y jtuf. 

Abscind, v.t., to cut off, ^eAfjuvim 

11Ó f5|A10fA1111 A1T1AC. 

Abscission, n., the act of cutting 
off, (1) ftioi5 > oóij\eAcc, -a. /.; (2) 
jeAf y at) *óe ; (3) 5eAf\nA*ó nó 

UeAf^AT) AU1AC. 

Abscond, v.i., to steal off clandes- 
tinely, (1) cei6itn, -ceAT) ; *oo 
ceic fé, he ran away or ab- 
sconded ; (2) édUrTgim, -lot). 

Absconding, n., the act of stealing 
off clandestinely(i)éAló'ó -Un^te, 
mAB.LL. I. 88," G) ; (2) ceiceAt). 
-cte, m. 

Absence, n., the state of being 
absent, (f)é<\$;niAif, -e, /.; Am 
bféA^mAif, in my a. ; 1 nOAf 
OféA^mAif, in your a. ; not as 
in my presence only, but how 


( 12 ) 


much more in my a., ni tie 
ArhÁin T)om' LÁtAi-p-fe -acc Atioif 
50 mó|t-tiiof aja rnbeic "oom but^ 
bpéAgmuif (Phil. 2, 12) ; to' 
(in t>' more usual in Con.) 
poi-pif , -e, /., in thy a. (Con.) ; 
lonjnAif, -e, /.; if t:eÁf\t\ -puTOe 
1 n-AicenÁ 1 u-ionjriAif , it is better 
to sit beside it than in its a. ; 
eA-pbATO (M. & S. Con.), eA-pbAi*o 
(U. and Con.), g. and pi. X)a*oa, g. 

pi. t>AT), /./"OÍOt-lÁtAI^, -tfVeAC, /. 

Absent, a., not present, at; uó ó 
lÁt&ip, ueArh-LÁitfieAC, Tríot-lÁit- 
pveAó, n-A tieAfbATO, a. from her, 
5-dn beit 1 tÁtAipv. ; when we are 
a. one from the other, ati uaij\ 
bio'DArn 5 An belt 1 LÁtAitA a 
céite (Gen. 31, 49) ; for though 
I be a. in the flesh yet I am 
with you in the spirit, óipv bíoiD 
riAC Dptntim bu-p LÁtAipi tm 
5CotAinri, sTOeAT) AUÁim buj\ 
1ÁtAi|\ fA fpiojvATO (Coll. 2, 5). 

Absent, 7?.£., to withdraw one's self 
to a distance or to remain away, 
cúit-imti$im, -teACc ; (2) t:An- 
Airn ó. 

Absentee, n., one who absents him- 
self from his country, especially 
a landlord, (1) cúrumtijúeói^, 
-óttA, ~pí, m. ; (2) Tnot-LÁittvróe, 
a. id. m.; (3) t:ÁrmTOe, g. id. m. 

Absenteeism, n., the state or 
practice of an absentee, (1) 
cúrt-imteaóc, -a, /. ; (2) t>íoí- 
bÁTt-pTOeAcc, -a, /. 

Absinthe, n., a strong liqueur 
made from wormwood, bójv- 
motic, -a, m. 

Absinthian, a., of the nature of 
wormwood, bópunoncAC, -Aije. 

Absinthium, n., the common worm- 
wood (Artemisia Absinthium), 
Uif nA bpiAfc; (2) bótwionc-A, 
m. ; (3) buACAtÁn bÁn (nó 


Absolute, a., (1) complete in itself, 
iomLÁn, -Áme ; (2) not limited , 
restricted or controlled, ueArii- 
coim-pi5te,the a.form(of the verb), 
An ptiit\tn i^AtAtA ; (3) authorita- 
tive, ÁtAT)-ctiíriAccAc, -Aij;e (C), 
"LAncurhAcuAc; (4) positive, clear, 
certain, not doubtful, (ft) T)eirhin, 
-rune ; (b) *oeAj\btA, ind. ; (c) 
"oioti^rriAluA, ind. 

Absolutely, ad., in a positive, 
independent or unconditional 
manner, 50 tuomtÁn, 50 LÁn- 
cutfiACUAC, 50 'oionjrhÁlXA. 

Absoluteness, n., the quality of 
being absolute, (l)tÁncurhAcuAóu r 
-a, /.; (2) •oionjniÁlrAf , -a\v , m.; 

(3) -oion^rhÁtUACc, -a, /. ; (4) 
lomtÁineAóc, -a, /. 

Absolution, n., absolving or freeing 
from the guilt of sin, (1) niAii- 
eAtfmAf , -Aif , m., and rnAiteATfm- 
acat\ m. ; (2) Abpolóvo, -e, /. (Lat. 
absolutio); (3) eAfbAtóTO, -e, /.; 

(4) triAitrrieACAf , -Aif , m.; (o)v Aoip- 
b-peit, -e, /.; (6) fAoi-p-btAeite- 
AitiriAf, -Aif, m. 

Absolutism, n., despotism, óij^éif- 
eAóc, -a, /.; (2) -po-p-iÁrhAf, 
-Aif, m. 

Absolutist, yi., one who is in favour 
of an absolute or autocratic form 
of government, óTjjAéTfeAtóTtr, m. 

Absolvable, ft., that may be ab- 
solved, (1) fó-to^tAc, -Aije ; (2) 
fo-iogtA, ind. 

Absolve, v.t., (1) to pardon or remit 
as sin, (ft) uAbpAim AbfotóTO ; (b) 
tnAitim-teAtfi ; (2) to set free or 
release as from some obligation 
or responsibility, (ft) fAor\Aim, 
-ax) ; (b) f5Aoitim, -teAt). 

Absolving, n., the act of releasing 
from something binding on the 
conscience or involving wrong- 
doing, mAiteArh, -tee, m.; (2) 
^Laua'ó ócoi^ ; (3)f ao|\a*ó, -\\tA, m. 


( 13 ) 


Absorb, v.t., (1) to swallow up, to 

engulf, fUi5Aun,-AX) with f uAf ; 

(2) to suck up, to drink in as a 

sponge, fújAun, -At). 
Absorbed, a., sucked or swallowed 

up; (1) rúigce, rin$ce (Or.)\ (2) 


Absorbent, a., swallowing, f úijceAó 


Absorbing, n., the act of imbibing 
or sucking in anything, fújá-ó, 

Absorption, n., the process of suck- 
ing in anything, f iujceAóc, -a, /. 

Abstain, v.t., to refrain voluntarily, 
especially from indulgence of the 
appetites, (1) fCAonAim, -at> ; 
days of abstinence .1. days on 
which it is obligatory to abstain 
from meat, LAete cféAnAif, fé 
fin tAete Af a bptnt oibUo^Áro 
cwnce f cAonAí) ó peóit ; to ab- 
stain from servile work, f cAonAt) 
ó oibpeACAib fgtAbtiroeAccA (J. 
F.); (2) Aoimm, -nexo (correctly, 
I fast) ; (3) c|\of5Aim, -at) ; (I 
fast), also cf\oif5im. 

Abstaining, n., act of, fCAonAt), 
-ncA, m.; cpof^At), -5c a, m.; 
CAbAip x)ó mo finpeAp Y n10 
pomn x>e'n bAinne, if •oéAnpAi'ó 
trie cpof j^a-o nA riAowe, give him 
my supper and my share of the 
milk, and I will do the Friday's 
abstinence ; Or. song ; €pof5<vó 
An ctnc ceAnn-prm : icim peoit 
acu ni óU\im bAinne. 

Abstemious, a., sparing in the use 
of food or drink, tneAf ajvóa, ind. 

Abstemiously, ad., sparingly, with 
temperance, 50 meAfAjvoA. 

Abstemiousness, n., sparing in food 
or strong drinks, rneAfAjvóAóc, 
-a, /. 

Absterge, vt., to make clean by 
wiping, cuimlitn, -rmtc. 

Abstergent, a. serving to cleanse, 

(1) cmrmlxeAC,, oge (cumAitceAC, 
U.) ; (2) ^LAncAc, -Aige. 
Abstinence, n., (1) the practice of 
abstaining from intoxicating 
drinks, fUAonAt), -tica, m.; total 
abstinence, tnte-fCAonAt), m. ; 
total abstainer, tnte-fCAonAC, 
-A15, m.; (2) self-denial, es- 
pecially in the matter of meat, 
(a) cpéAUAf, -Aif, m.; 51*0 gun 

ttflAlt CnéAnAf 1f CjAOfgAX), 1f 

C|\ÁbAT) jAn of nAib bpéi^e, "o' Airh- 
*óeóm fin tnle if peÁpp *OAonAóc 
if f éile ; (b) Aome, g. id., pi. 
-nee, /.; I break Sabbath and 
abstinence, bfipm f Aoip e, bpifim 
Aomce (D.A. 337). 

Abstinent, a., refraining from the 
indulgence of the appetite ; (1) 
fCAonAC, -Ai£e ; (2) cporsAc, 
-Ai$;e ; (3) cpofSAriiAit, -rhtA. 

Abstract, n., a summary or epitome 

(1) Ait^ioff acc, -a, /.; (2) jeAnf- 
poipm -e,/.; (3)AccumAineAcc,-A,/. 
Abstract noun, Amm ceibi-oe. 

Abstract, not concrete ; a., sepa- 
rated from other things, existing 
in the mind only, (1) f$Aft<5, 
ind.; (2) "péAttíijte, ind. 

Abstract, v.t., to epitomize, to 
abridge, AitgioffAim, -At) ; At- 
cumAipmi, -rriAif. 

Abstracted, a., inattentive to sur- 
rounding objects, neArh-fAifeAC, 
-jv i$e ; also neAtfiAipeAc. 

Abstractedly, ad., with absence of 
mind, 50 neAtii-f AifeAc. 

Abstraction, n., inattention to 
present objects, neArh-pAipe. 

Abstractly, ad., separately, by 
itself, fÁ teit, Af teit. 

Abstruse, a., difficult to be com- 
prehended or understood, (1) 
*ooiléin, opp. of foitéif., plain ; 

(2) -oofCA ; (3) f oltnjte (eAó) ; 
(4) T)iAn'iAi|\-e. 


( 14 ) 


Abstrusely, ad., in an abstruse 
manner; (1) 50 *ooiteif ; (2)50 


Abstruseness, n., difnculty of ap- 
prehension,, (1) -ooiteifeAcu, -a. 
/.; (2) -oonfmeAcx, -a, f. 

Absurd, a., inconsistent with com- 
mon sense, nonsensical, ridicu- 
lous, (1) teftffr; -eirhe ; tií cjtero- 
peAT) acu mnne teArii é, only an 
absurd person would believe it 
(B. O'H.) ; (2) ÁipéifeAC (P. 
O'L.) ; (3) AmaroeAc, -T>i£e (Or.); 
(4) bAot, -oice ; (5) éiscéittróe, 
incL; (6) AmA*oAnuArhAit, -mtA ; 
(7) 5 An cent; (8) feAbóraeAó 
(nó f eAfóroeAc) -T)r<i;e. 

Absurdity, n., that which is in- 
consistent with obvious truth or 
common sense, (1) mí-féAfóncAf , 
-Air, m. ; (2) mí-f\éAfúncAf, -Aif , 
m.; (3) mí-féAfóncAcc, -a, /.; 
(4) ArnA-oÁncAcc, -a, /.; (5) beAg- 
tuigfe, g. id. f; (6) -oit-ceiUe 
g. id. f. ; (7) f eAbóit) (nó f eAf 01T)) 
-e-í /. 

Absurdness. See Absurdity. 

Abundance, n., profusion, copious 
supply, overflowing fullness, 
great plenty, (1) tÁn, -Am, m.; 
ZÁ a t-Án "oe'n tute nit) Aige, 
he has a. of everything (lit. his 
fill) ; also cá tÁn a mÁtA Arge ; 
(2), (a) jAAtMif\re, 9- id. f. (M. 
and Con.) ; (6) fAT)Aife ; (c) 
feráfe ; (rf) f\ire ; (3) ftinffe, 
gen. id. /. (M.), c/. Gr. -n-Xrjpovv, 
to fill ; (4) lion tii Ai|\e(Acc), /.; 
tionriiAifeAcc tia fAimK;e, the a. 
of the sea ; (5) neAf c, g. eific, 7 
m|\u m,, folld. by gen. zÁ neAfc 
fAit>'óf\ij" aca, they have a. of 
riches ; (6) fgeó, cá tf AocAt) 
Af mo fog, ca fgiof A|\ mo 
fjeó, my good cheer is ebbing, 
my a. has ceased to flow (S. 
Ó TleACUAm, Hard. 2, p. 20) ; (7) 

lOmA-OAtfltAf, -A1f, m., -tACC, -A, 

/., a. of all things 1. An tute 
neite ; (8) ueAnnfÁiú, -e, /. ; tÁ 
mo t. AjAm, I have a. ; (9) fu- 
ime, g. id. f. ; (10) iomAt), -avo, 
m.; Af 10m at> mo -ooitgif, out of 
*the a. of my grief ; (11) 10m- 

Af\CAlt>, -e, /.; A^Uf T)0 fpÍ0ffAT> 

lomAfCAit) móf, and of spices 
a great a. (lit too much) ; 
(12) An-tÁn, -Am, m.; Af a. aw 
ctAoróe tAbfAf An béAl, out of 
the a. of the heart the mouth 
speaketh {Mai. 12, 34) ; (13) 
Acpmnn g. /.; lonnuf 50 bfóif- 
-peAt) a n-Acpumn-feAn a\\ OAf, 
mAccAnAr mAf ah 5CéAt)nA, that 
their a. also may supply your 
want (2 Cor. 8, 14) ; (14) 10m- 
tÁme(Aóc), /.; (15) foftAn, -Am, 
m.; (16) iotA|vóAcc, -a, /.; (17) 
itróeAcc, -a, /.; (18) lomfÁ-ó, 
-Ait), m.; (19) au^Af, -Air-, w.; 
(20) co|\ca|a, -A1|\, m.; (21) 
pAitceAf, -cif, m.; (22) teof- 
•óótAm, -AnA, /.; (23) €eot(Aro- 
eAcc), -a, /.; (24) fAiffinge. 
g. id. /.; (25) f Acmuf , urn , m. 

Abundant, a., plentiful, in copious 
supply, (1) |AA*óAi|VfeAmAit, -mtA; 
(2) rtúiff eAc, -fije ; (3) ftAic- 
eAmAit, -mtA, bi biAT) -j "oeoe 
50 f . aca ; (4) tiontfiAf , -Aife 
(5) lomAiDAmAit, -mtA ; (6) f Aif- 
fing, -e ; if pAif f inj; mnue mit if 
fion, honey and wine are abun- 
dant there (M. C). 

Abundantly, ad., amply, fully, 
plentifully, (1)50 ^A-OAiffeAmAit; 
(2) 50 ptúiffeAc ; (3) 50 tóf- 
mó|\ ; (4) 50 tíontfiAn ; (5) 
50 fAit\fin5-; (6) 50 f w (ac) ; 

(7) n-A mbAff a bACAtt (Con.) ; 

(8) 5° f Aj\f\4 bACAtt (Conne- 

Abuse, v.t., (1) to misapply, t)[Aoc- 
iif ait) T)o t)éAnArii "oe ; (2) to 


( 15 ) 


maltreat, (a) -otioc-tifAro "oo 
CAbAi^u X)0 ; (b) bAfgAim, -a*o 
(Tyr.) ; (3) (ft) to revile, (i) 
cÁmmi, -eAt) ; (ii) hiAfturgrrn, 
-ut. at> ; (iii) Aitifirn (Atipj;im), 
-ui^a-d ; (iv) -oiAblAini -a-ó ; (v) 

UAbAlf pÁ (J.P.H.) ; (VÍ) CAJ1- 

cum ntgmi . -mjA-o; (b) to reproach, 
to insult, (i) Actiuif An Aim, -at) ; (ii) 
Aipprn, -pf\c; (c) to reproach 
coarsely, (i) cAifigtm., -mgAT>(M., 
P. O'L.) ; (ii) fgioLLAWi, -At) 
C-áraw) ; (iii) ppAltAim, -ax). 
Abuse, n., (1) improper treatment 
or use, (ft) T>|K>c-úpAro, -e, /.; (b) 
mí-t)íot,- -a, m.; (2) (a) reviling, 
(i) cÁmeAt), -nee, m.; (ii) niApAt), 
g. -Ait), m.; (iii) Aióf , -e, /.; (iv) 
cAfcuifne, g. id., /.; (ft) vitupera- 
tive language, (i) com-CAmnc, -e, 
/.; (ii) T)|voc-cAmnc ; (iii) ppAil- 
ieAt>, -lit), m.; (iv) ome and it)e, 
i/en. id., f. (M., P. O'L.); (v) 
f5<aiói"o, -e, /.; (vi) póbAip:, 

plAbAlfUT, -Apt A, /./ (VÍÍ) fglOt- 

Ait)eAcu, -a, /.; "(c) satirical lan- 
guage, cAmreAm, -pm. m. 

Abuser, w., one who abuses in the 
various meanings of the word, 
(1) cÁmueoi|v, -ójva, -p, m.; (2) 
AitifeAc, -pj;, m.; (3) UAfcuifnig- 
teoijA, -ójiA, -p, m.; (4) fgtArii- 
Aif\e, g. id., pi. -p, m. 

Abasing (act of), ?i., (1) reviling, 
niAfUr§At)-tii5te,m. ; (2) scolding, 
(rt)f5ioil At), -lxA,m.; (b) i^aIUt), 
-tcA, m.; (c) tn$ ft A$Ait) 11 a muc 

"I nA ÍT!AT)fYAÍ A1|1 (P. O'L) ÍT)e 

11 a muc (Con., J.P.H.) .1. she 
iieaped abuse on him, gave him 
a sound scolding ; (d) in a scurril- 
ous manner, cAipujAt), -ijce, m.; 
(e) voiu$at>, -iree, m.; (/) L10- 
bAijtc, -a|\ua, m.; (g) cocAi[\eAcc, 
-a, /.; (h) begin abusing now, 

COftnj OjAU A5 T)1At)lAt) A1101f, 

(m. m. u.). 

Abusive, a., vituperative, (1) Aiaf- 
eAC, -p$e ; (2) eÁineAc, -ni£e ; 
(3) cÁmueAó, -age ; (4) uiAp 
Ungteac, -tije ; (0) cAfctnf- 
neAó, -mje ; (6) fpAHteAc, -Uge; 
(7) r$tAir»Ac, -Aige ; (8) iciom- 
f\Ait)ueAc, -o$e ; (9) mí-t)íolAC, 
-Ai£e ; (10) -p5Attóit)eAó, -"oi^e. 

Abusiveness, n., rudeness of lan- 
guage, (1) AitifeAcc, -a, /.; (2) 
cÁmceAóc, -a, /.; (3) 5eAj\f\- 
cAmnceAcc, -a, /.; (4) uA^cinf- 
neAcc, -a, /.; (5) niAfUugteAcc,. 

-A, /.; (6) f^tAtflACU, -a, /. 

Abut, v.i., to project, to be con- 
tiguous, to meet, corii-jAoc/OAim,. 
-T)Ain . 

Abutment, n., that on or against 
which a body abuts or presses,. 

(1) ceAnnuA, gen. id. m.; (2) 
cónfi-cpoé, -ice, -a, /. 

Abysmal, a., bottomless, TU1D-A15- 

Abyss, n., a bottomless gulf or 
chasm, (1) "otib-Ai^éAn, -ém, m.;. 

(2) "otirjA^An, -Ám, m.; formerly 
Ai^éAn simply ; (3) -ooimseÁn,. 
-Ám, m.; (4) "oinbeA^Án, -Am, m.;. 
(5) mnbeAúÁn, -Am, m.; (6) eA^An, 
-Ám, m.; ca\ato aii bÁT> 50 row 
eA^Ám (Or.) ; pott 3 An bun 
(Aran and Or.) 

Academic, Academical, a., belong- 
ing to an academy; (1) coUvirre- 

AniA1t-til1A ; (2) ACAT)A1Í1A1I. 

Academy, n., a school which ranks 
lower than a college. (1) A|\-o- 
fSbitj -e, -eAnriA, /.; (2) aca'daiii, 
aui'i, m.; (3) cotAirue. gen'i id. r 
pi. í, m. (a college). 

Acanthus, n., a species of herbace- 
ous prickly plants, (1) |Aop 
neAimcA, m.; (2) jAllfótAnnAn m. 

Acarpous, a., unfruitful, neAm- 
ÚO|\|\CAC, -Ai$e. 


( 16 ) 


Accede, v.i., to agree, to assent, (1) 

Aonctnjim, -ugA"© ; (2) 5éittim, 

~exo ; (3) fcfiocdim, -a-ó ; (4) 

051m teAc. 
Acceding, n., the act of assenting 

or agreeing, .donctig-A'ó, -tnjte, m. 
Accelerate, v.L, to cause to move 

faster, (1) bjtorctngwi, -ug^o ; 

(2) T)eip|M5im, -1U5AÚ ; (3) tuA- 

tuijim, -115 ax). 
Accelerated, a., made to move 

faster, ( 1 ) bf\or uuijte, ind ; 

(2) "oeipmjte, ind. 
Acceleration, n., increase of motion 

or action, (1) b^ofcti^At), -mgte, 
m.; (2) Ui AtugA'ó, -uigte, m.; 

(3) "oeipniujA-o-igte, m. 
Accelerative, a., quickening, bnof- 

ctnjteAó, -tige. 

Accelerator, n., one who accelerates, 
t>|AOfcui5íeoif\, -ó^a, -jví, m. 

Accent, n., (1) modulation of the 
voice in speaking, (a) béim ^uca; 
(b) AiceAtin, m.; (2) pronunciation, 
cAtiAtfitun, -tfmA, /.; (3) peculiar 
or characteristic modulation, 
bUvp , -Aif , m.; (4) mark of length, 
-píneAó -pA'OA. 

Accent, vi., to emphasise, (1) 
punc-tAbnAim, -bAinu ; (2) cjveif 

A ÓUfV A1f*. 

Accenting, the art or science of, n., 
cow-éotA-p, -Aif, m., gl. prosodia. 

Accentuate, v.L, to bring out dis- 
tinctly, -po^AfUiijim, -UJA'O. 

Accentuated, a., brought out dis- 
tinctly, pojA-ptA, ind. 

Accentuation, n., the act of accen- 
tuating, -pogAfvu^A-o, -tugte, m. 

Accept, v.t., to receive, (1) ^tACAim, 
-At) ; béAjvpAmn mo ComAinte 
•ótnc *oá mbÁit teAc a ^Lacat), 
I'd give you my counsel should 
you care to accept it; (2) cógAim, 
-Áit and -Ainu ; (3) ^AbAuri, -Áit ; 
accept it, gAb te ; ni gAbAnn f é 
Ai|\5eAT> nó ó-p, he (Death) ac- 

cepts neither silver nor gold; 
(4) Idiom, uAtAtfi rtÁn t>o •óéAnAm 
x>e, to accept a thing as a fact. 

Acceptability, n., the quality of 
being acceptable, cAitneAtfiACc ; 
-a, / ; (2) 10T15IACCACC, -a, /. 

Acceptable, a., (1) capable of being 
received, (a) fo-glActA, ind.; (0) 
ion-$AbtA, ind.; (2) agreeable, 
(a) CAitneAtiiAc, -Ai£e ; (0) $eAn- 
ArtiAit, -ttitA ; (c) f o-5|\áx)aó, -Aige; 
(3) welcome, pojx-pAitceAc, -ci$e. 

Acceptableness, n., suitability to 
be favourably received, (1) caic- 
neAtfiAóu, -a, /.; (2) fo-glAccAóc, 

Acceptably, ad., in a manner to 
please or give satisfaction, 50 
CAitneAttiAó, -Aije. 

Acceptance, n., the act of accept- 
ing ; (1) ^tACAt) (-ctA, m.) te "oeAg- 
toit ; they shall come up with 
acceptance on mine altar, cioc- 
pAiT) ftiAf mAilte te mo *oeAt;- 
coit-fe A|\ m'Atuóin (Isa. 6, 7) ; 
(2) 5ADÁ1I, ÁtA /., it is worthy of 
a. ir pú é 5AbÁit teif ; (3) x>eA$- 
$AbÁit, /. 

Acceptation, n., ciAtt nó bfíg rocAit 
mA|\ 5tActA|\ é ; (1) the meaning 
which a word or expression is in 
generally accepted; (2) accept- 
ance ^AbÁit-ÁtA ; this is a faith- 
ful saying and worthy of all 
acceptation Af -pímnneAó An hax> 
1 Af fiú é Áf 5AC éAnéof gAbÁit 
|\if. (1 Tim. 1-15). 

Accepter, n., one who accepts, 

5tACAT>01f, m. 

Accepting, n., the act of receiving 
what is offered, gabÁit, -ÁtA, /.; 
1 n$AbÁit nA noibfie feo, in a. 
this work. 

Access, n., the means or way by 
which a thing may be approached 
(1) fti$e, -eA-o, -$ce, /.; (2) f Aoif- 
teAcc, m.; ní féroijx te *oinne 


( 17 ) 


f Aoif-teACc t)'f Á$Ailcui5e, no one 
can have access to him ; (3) 

VOf5^ c > -e, /. 

Accessary, a., aiding in a secondary 
way, contributory, AonuAó, -Aige; 
(2) AonctnseAC, -gige (Con.) ; (3) 
cóm-pÁi|u;eAe, -a$e ; (4) con<5An- 
cac, -Ai$e ; (5) fVAnnpÁijxueAC 
under penalty of being a. and 
guilty in the crimes of another, pé 
cam a beit -p.ArmpÁif\ceAC Aguf 
cionncAC a 5C0if\tit) "0111116 eite. 

Accessible, a., easy of approach, 

Accession, n., coming to, ftocuAm, 
-aha,/.; (2) ceAóc, ind., m. 

Accessories, n., ^léAf, -éif, m. 
(P. O'L.). 

Accessory, n., one who without 
being present contributes to the 
commission of an offence, (1) 
cotfipAijurroe, m.; (2) coujaíi- 
cóif , m.; (3) |\AnripÁi|\ceAó, -ag, 
-uij;e, m. 

Accidence, n., the rudiments of 
grammar, uj\AiceACc, -a, /. 

Accident, n., (1) chance, (a) cmti- 
eAtriAin, -rhnA, /.; (b) ueAgttiAf, 
-Aif, m.; (2) a sudden or unex- 
pected afflictive or unfortunate 
event, (a) cubAipce, 0:. ?'d., /.; 
good care prevents accidents, 
bAineArm coiméAT) mAit An ceAnn 
T>e'n cubAifce (Or.); (b) connops 
(also cionnoif5 and ceAnnoips), 
oif^e. -eACA, /.; (c) bÁf\tAn, -Am, 
m.; (d) bACAton^, -urn^e, /. (M.); 
(e) coi|\meAf5, -mips, m. (Aran); 
(/) cApós, óise, -a, /. (Con.) ; (3) 
a mishap, (a) bAmvtuiple, gen. 
id., pi. U, m.; (b) ctnpme, gen. id., 
pi. -mi, m. (Don.) ; (c) ampmc, 
-e, /. (Con.); (d) ciocumAAinn, -e, 
-1, /. (Wat.). 

Accidental, a., casual or fortuitous, 
(1) cmneAmnAC, Ai£e ; (2) ceAj- 
mAipeAC, -p$e ; (3) ampipceAC, 

-cije (Con.) ; (4) p giopnAm Ail, 
-mlA(Con.); (5)cubAipteAC,-€ij;e. 

Accidentally, ad., in an accidental 
manner, (1) 50 ceAsmmp eAó ; (2) 
50 cmneAmnAC. 

Acclaim, v.i., to shout applause, 
Ájvo-molAim, -<vo ; sÁijum (Con.). 

Acclaim, n., | loud applause ; 

Acclamation, n.\ (1) cóm-jÁip, -e, 
/. ; (2) UitjÁip, -e, /. ; (3) 
5Á1|\ motcA ; (4) bApj;Ái]\, -e, /. ; 
(5) feA^Aif , -e, /. (Or.). 'Sé 
mo 5éA|\-5om emmp pÁ gun 
teApctng tiAmn 5 Ae>01 ^ tJi|\.e 
605A111, / Aguf oijjie An *peAX)A 
5A11 feA$A1f pA01 tiAj; riAó 
coin, / "SéAgA 5tAti-T)<Mtce Tléitt 
PfAfAi^ riAó > ocféi5peA > o céoil,/ 
ip cuif\peA > ó éTOeAt) pÁ Tlo > otAi5 
A|\ ua uottAim bío"ó A5 ^éiiteA'ó 
>óóib (^.rí McC, -Úi^-CHt An 

Acclamatory, a., pertaining to or 
expressing approval by acclama- 
tion, Uit-gÁifveAC, -mje, cóm- 

Acclivity, n., a slope, ÁjvoÁn (m.), 
ptiAp 1 n-A^Aro ctunc, opp. to 
a declivity, pÁnAro, píop teif An 

Accommodate, v.t., (1) to render 
fit, oif\eAtfmAim, -a*o ; (2) to bring 
into agreement, beAf^ntngim 
-mgA'ó ; (3) to furnish with some- 
thing desired, as lodgings, (a) 
peipcisnn-iugA-o ; (0) tóip cín *oo 


Accommodating, (a) (good-natured) 
nÁ*oúpAó, -Aije. 

Accommodation, n., lodgings and 
food, (1) tóifcín, g. id. m.; (2) 
peifceAf, -uip, m. (peipap, -e, 
-i, /.; pemce, /.; (3) iopcAp, -Air, 
m.) ; (4) oróeAúc, -a, /.; lopu^p , 
oi"óeAóc nó peifceAf oroee, a 
night's accommodation or lodg- 
ing ; (2) space, Úrhif cé4j\, -éip, m. 



( 18 ) 


Accompanier, n., he who accom- 
panies, (1) guAt&róe, g. id. m.; 
(2) compÁnAc, -A15, m. ; (3) ctsro- 
eAcuuróe, g. id. m. 

Accompaniment, n., (1) something 
that attends or follows as a con- 
sequence, if X)A\X buAn T)o'ti "oonAf 
An nÁir\e, shame is a constant a. 
of poverty ; (2) (Mus.), (a) 
cóim-ceót, -óit, m.; (b) urvtonn, 
-omne, -a, f. 

Accompanist, n., one who accom- 
panies musically, cóim-ceótuiT>e, 
g. id., pi. --óte, m. 

Accompany, v.t., to go or associate 
with, (1) cm'oeAcciiijim-tijAt) ; 

(2) imti$im 1 scuroeaccA ; (3) 
coim-ceimni^im-iu^A-o ; (4) leA- 
UAim, -Am Am ; An bneói'óteAcc 
•1 11 a corhArvtAí a LeAti i, the 
illness and the symptoms that 
accompanied it (P.O'L.); (5) 
cotii-UiAT)r\Aim-T)Ar\ ; (6) conr?- 
imtííjim-íeAóc ; (?) a person and 
especially a procession or funeral, 
oonntACAim, -caw. 

Accompanying, n., (1) the act of 
going along with a funeral or pro- 
cesssion, nonntACAW, -An a, /./ (2) 
concurrent, connceimneAc, -mge ; 

(3) accompanying voice, feol-51.1t, 
-50CA, m. ; (4) in company with 
(a) a. him, Vi-a úrveo ; (b) a. them, 
A5 x>ul teó ; (c) a. him, A5 "out 1 
•oceAtnncA ; (d) with no one a. me 
but Thomas, 5A11 im' focAin act: 

Accomplice, n-, (1) associate, cónii- 
céite, gen. id- pi., -Ii. m. ; ua 
*ot\oc-iúAij; , oeAriA uia|\ aoh le 
ti-a 5cóim-céibib fAti bpeACAT), 
prostitutes and their accom- 
plices in sin (P. L.). 

(2) Abettor, (a) congAncóirx (b) 
CAbAntóin (assistant, M.); (c) 
ctn"oi5ceóit\, -ót\A, -ní, m. 

(3) Confederate, (a) partaker, 

cómpÁi fierce, gen. id. pi., -x>te, 
m.; (b) T>ume cóim-cionncAc, m. 
(as a noun eóim-cionnuAc means 
co-respondent). Accomplices (as- 
sociates), cofhluATMn ; ni bAon 
•oo'n córhUiA > OAT\ é pn, he is 
not one of the accomplices ; 
coitujceoifi a 5cómUiA-OAifi, a 
man who accuses his accom- 
Accomplish, v.t., (1) complete or 
fulfil, (a) cóim-líoiiAim, -At) ; (b) 
cómAltAim, -Ait ; (c) ctuoenuis;im- 


(2) To bring to a successful 
issue, (a) durum cum cum ; 
mÁ téróeAun fé coróce cum 
emu ; mÁ C15 fé cum ctun 
50 *oeó, if it ever be success- 
fully accomplished ; (b) cf.ioc- 
1111151111, -L15AÓ ; (c) CU11U1H 1 
n5nioiii (P. L.) ; (d) uAbr\Aim 
(110 beirum) cum cnice. 
Accomplished, a., (1) completed 
or effected ; (a) cniocnuis;te, 
incl. : (b) cónritionuA, ind. ; 
(c) (idiom), (i.) ca f é cujvca "óíom 
pÁ "óeirteAT), I have a. it at 
last ; (ii.) cá mé f\éró leif (rxéró- 
cigfce teif, Tyr.), I have a. 
it ; (iii.) own pAT) T)eir\eAt) teir 
An obAir\ ; (iv.) if f a"oa 50 bpuif- 
feócAVó fé oirveAT) if tfeAb 
nufe, it will be long before he 
shall have accomplished as much 
as I have : lit. harrowed as 
much as I have ploughed (Or. 
prov., 11. M. 1076). 

(2) Complete in acquirements, 
usually good ; (a) learned (i) 
fogtumtA, ind.; (ii) LérgeAnuA, 
ind., widely read ; (iii) nunnce, 
bid., especially in etiquette and 
experience ; not accomplished 
till travelled, ní mumce 50 
coTsctuoc (Con. prov., T. Con.) ; 
(b) clever, (i) piuatyia, also 


( 19 ) 


■pctíÁtiTóA, ind. ; (ii) ctifce, 
ind.; (c) cultured or refined, 
{i.)j t)eAfifg(n)Ai$té ; "oéi^bé- 
Af ac, -Aije ; (d) generally a., 
CftéiteÁc (and C|\6a|\úac) Ati peAjt 
r|\éiteAc ó'n cinrm toi|\, the a. 
man from the eastern wave 
(Dinnd. 255; (in Don., 
ipeA^ ufiéiteAé means a valiant 
man, a man of deeds) ; (e) an 
•a. rogue, biteArnriAc itcteAr-Ac 
{ M.) ; (c|\uúAticA and cfu'ocmnjte, 
Accomplishing, n., act of com- 
pleting or effecting, (1) cónrt- 
tíonA'ó, -nuA, m.; (2) cfuoc- 
nugxvó, -urgte, m. 
Accomplishment, n., (1) comple- 
tion or fulfilment ; (a) cóníitíon- 
cacu, -a, /.; (b) lonitÁineAcc, -a, /. 
(2) Acquirements or attain- 
ments, c|véiúe and Cf\éAj\tA, pi. 
/. (sing, cfvéiú, but only used 
in pi.) ; tiA choice THVigteAfX 
t>o vtAic, the accomplishments 
necessary for a prince (Keat.) ; 
a well accomplished young 
man, ógÁn LíomriA|A 1 T>c|\éitib 
Accompt. >See Account. 
Accord, n., (1) agreement of will, 
mind, or opinion, (idiom) te 
iiAon coit Aiii Am, with one a. ; 
*ouo^at)A^ mle béAt a\\ oéAt, 
they all said with one accord 
(Oss. iv. 110, 5) ; a *ocoit *oo 
cuj\ le r»-A toiL pern, to accord 
their will to His (Christ's) (P. 7..). 
(2) A spontaneous impulse, (a) 
of our own a. ; -oeóm, /., t>'áj\ 
-ivoeóin péin (M.), "oo mo 'óeóm 
Vém A , oubAij\c me, of my own 
accord I said ; (b) uoil, -e, and 

-OlA, pi. -OtA, /.; "OO CjAIAti r*é 

•CU5A10 "óá toil pern, he went to 
you of his own accord, (-d'a^ 
"leómce péin (Con.), •o'Á^lónctngil 

pém (Don.), t>'á}\ IóivcaiO pém 
(Or.), corruptions of t>'á|\ iáh 
coit péin ; (c) An nit> pArAf uait) 
péin, what grows of its own 
accord ; te n-A toil -pern (Or.) ; 
tiAró péin, of his own accord. 

(3) (Law) An agreement be- 
tween parties, (a) (i) ]\éit)ceAc, 
-C15, -a$e, w.; (ii) to be of one 
mind, of one way of thinking 
and usually followed by te 
có tfi-Aonci; 5 At), -tngte, m.: (iii) 
(idiom), ci^eAnti (cAsjArm, M.) 
fiAT) te cérLe. 
Accord, v.t., to grant or concede, 

•oeóntngim, -u^st>. 
Accord, v.i., (1) agree, coifi- 
Aonutnjitn, -ut.A'o ; (2) assent, 
uoiU5im, -mjAt). 
Accordance, n., (1) harmony, ac- 
quiescence, coiUT)eAci:, -a, /. ; 
(2) conformity, concordance, 
mutual acquiescence, cónfi- 
pf\eA5Aj\tAcc, -a, /. ; (3) agree- 
ment, aohcacc, -a, /., Aoncuig- 
Accordant, a., (1) cóit-h-f:j\eA5Afi- 
tAc ; (2) uoiteAc ; (3) aowcaó, 
According as, according to, pre- 
positional or adverbial phrases. 
According as, "oo j\éij\ niAf ; -oo 
péi|\ mA|\ *oo jeAtt ye, according 
as he promised ; in U . somet. 
|véi^ niA|\ ; in Con. and U. 
often téifi ; in M. somet. -pé uia^ 
(P. O'L.) and pÁ niA^ (M. F. D.). 
According to, (1) -oo fvéijv ; "oo 
|Aéij\ pATmAife, a. to evidence ; 
tiÁ |\ic "oo féi|\ "oo tot a, do 
not run (act) according to your 
will (desires) (U. TYIac T).) ; 50 

•OUUgAIT) T)1A t)U1C 'OO J\élft X)0 

cjtoróe, may God give to you 
according to your heart (Or. 
prov., H. M. 9CG) ; according 
to your word, -oo féif t)o 


( 20 ) 


b-piAtAn-fA (Gen. xxx. 34). (2) 
T)An ; t>aj\ liotn, leAc, teif , etc., 
according to me, you, him, etc. 
(3) lAn ; iaj\ mbunA-OAf , accord- 
ing to origin (O'-Don. Gram. 308); 
iAn An "OAfVA t)iaU, according to 
the 2nd dec. (O'Nol.). 
Accordingly, adv., (1) in accord 
with that, agreeably, X)Á néin 
fin ; niAn rm ("oe) ; ArhlAi'O fin 
(Kea.) ; (2) because of that 
(therefore), An au Á*óX)&\\ (nó 
A'ObAn, pron. our) fin ; niAn fin 
(•oe) ; (3) in natural sequence, 
tnme fin. 
Accost, v.t., (1) to greet (welcome), 
-pÁuxijim ; beAnntii$mi *oo ; (2) 
to speak to " first," (a) LAbnAim 
te ; (b) cuinrni cawuc An ; (c) 
ctnn ré btéi*o nó ptero (cAinnce) 
onm ; (d) cinnrécAroéir onm ; (3) 
he struck up or made up to me 
in a free and easy way, buAit 
ré ruAr tiom (M.) ; ctnn ré 
-ponÁn onm (Com. and Don.). 
Accostable, a., ponÁnAó, -Ai£e. 
Accouchement, n., (1) (a) Un§- 
f eóit, -óía, /. (M.) ; (b) Unje- 
*óeót (Con.), -oil, m.; (c) Unje- 
feótA'ó, -Lca, m. ; (2) umneAr 
Accoucheur, Uát, ua mb An, no Uai$ 

Accoucheuse, n., (1) beAn CAb- 
A\\t& (M.) ; (2) beAn rcuAnrOA 
(nó -pctiAmA); (3) beAn ttnrmróe; 
(4) beAn An •oeAbAi'O (of the 
hurry, W. Lim. and Ker.) ; (5) 
beAn jUnne (Don.) ; (6) beAn 
conjAncA. ■ 
Account, n., (1) enumeration, (a) 
(i) reckoning, ÁineArh, -nim, m.; 
(ii) cnnncAf, ^-Air, m.; pron. cdn- 
cAf (M.) ; cunn'-uAf (Con. and 
17.; in Con. it is often spelled 
and pron. cunnx>Ar) ; cunncAf 
jl.An fÁ5Af cÁin*oe 50 buróeAó, 

a clear account leaves friends 
thankful (it also means a narra- 
tive of facts : tÁ An ctmncAir , 
the Day of Judgment ; cunnuAr 
cteArimAif, " account of a 
match " or marriage arrange- 
ment) ; current account, Gunn- 
er Af neAúA (T. Con.) ; uá ré Via 
fgéAt- (nó cunncAf-) neAtA tníT> 

A' UÍn JO bptUt ZÚ T)0 pÓfAT) 

(Tyr.), it is a current account 
through the country that you 
are about to get married ; fic- 
titious a., c. bnéije (T. Con.) ; 
accurate a., c. beAcc (T. Con.) ; 
a clear, distinct a. or narra- 
tive, cunnuAr cnmnn ; bein c. 
cnmnn AbAile uAim, 50 n-éAtoc- 
Ait) ah CAiiin -oeAf tAp fÁite 
Liom (M. song). He is on his 
account .1. at the point of death, 
uá ré An a cunnuAf (Don.) ; 
cAitpt) cii cunncAf a TAbAinc 
•OAm, you must give me an a. 
— it may be a cash a/c or a 
statement of facts ; (b) calcu- 
lation, co-enumeration, cótúAin- 
eAtfi, -nrni, m. 

(2) Statement of facts, (a) 
relation, narrative, rgéAt, -éii, 
-a, m.; also a message, as rgéAl 
cleArhnAif , " account of a 
match " (b) tidings or descrip- 
tion, (i) cuAinif5, -e, /. ; (ii) 
cuAnAf5bÁit, -Át a. /.; (iii) pAir- 
néir, -e, -i and -eACA, /. (Airnéir, 
is the original form, the r. being- 
prosthetic ; rÁinmr, Con., see 
t)|\éA5A 6i«AeAnn) ; AitjeAnn ir 
peÁnn An £Airnéir, best is the 
brief account (U. HIac T).) ; (iv) 
Cxifg, -a (m. Din.; f. P. O'L.) ; 
cÁf^ is generally used when 
speaking of the dead, and 
ciiAinif5 of the living ; they got 
neither tale (of his death) nor 
tidings of him (alive), ní bpnAin 


( 21 ) 


fiA-o cÁfg ttá ruAi|\if5 Ai|\ ; but 
cf. SéAtmA : ní ní f m An cÁf5 
auá Amtng one, that is not the 
account that is abroad about 
you (P. O'jL.) ; when this ac- 
count or news went forth, aj\ 
nx>ut "oo'n cÁfg fo .Am.dC (c/. 
4cte, 2, 6). 

(3) Importance, worth, *ouwe 
^au Á1JVO, tnnne §Ari finm 
(Don., Con., and Or.) ; "onine 
tide móf te |\át) (Con.), a man 
of no account ; ní món te nÁ-ó 
é, he is not of much account. 
On account of, (1) "o'a cionn : 
•o'eAgtA 50 n-éA$pAinn "o'a 
cionn, fearing I should die on 
account of it ; pA Cionn ; *o'iAnn 
cac CAf ceAnn a trinÁ (Oss. iv., 
88) ; x)o cionn (Oss. iv., 60, 
line 15) ; (2) mAn jreAtt A|\, mAf 
n^eAlx Ai|\ (Con.), also 1 1151 oit 
An, all followed by dative ; (3) 

A|\ fOU : 1f A|\ "DO fOtl T>'lAnf Af 

é, it was on your account I 
requested it ; (4) *oe bÁnn ; (5) 
*oe toifj; ; (6) a tof ; a tof a 
pojUmiA (Keat.) ; (7) on ac- 
count of it, pÁ *ocaoV) "oe ; 
On íftaí account, t>'a DÁft\ fin ; 
•o'a tAifibe fin, A|A a fon fin 
(Or.) ; fÁ n-A cionn fin ; 
•OÁ cionn fin ; mAf $eAtX An 
fin ; T)'a Em tin fin. TYlAn fin 
T)e : b'pevoin , mAn fin r>e, ó Am 
50 tiAm 50 bpml focAt nó nÁ"ó, 
perhaps, on that account, there 
is from time to time a word 
or phrase (Cnoc n'Á n^AbA, ix). 
On any account, 1 n-Aon Con 
(M.) ; Af Aon con (Con. and 
Or.) ; Af con Af bit (Con. U. and 
Or.). On all accounts, An An 
mle con . To ffee account of, to 
charge against, a teic, 1 teit ; 
*oo ctun f é mA teit (M.) ; r>o 
ctnn p é 'n-A teit (Con.), he laid 

it to his account. Cá sctunpmn 
1 T)o teit é, I would not lay it 
to your a/c, .1. attribute it to 
you. A strict account, ^éAf- 

Account, v:L, to render an a/c. to, 
CAbf Aim (nó beinmi) cunncAf . 

Accountability, n., liability to give 
an explanation, cause, or reason, 

ffeAJAfCAÓC, /. 

Accountable, a., answerable, pneA- 
5|\ac, -Aije ; if ciif a if cionnrAc 
teif , you are accountable for it. 

Accountableness, n., responsibility, 
PfeA^AftAf, -Aif, m.; (2) thiaL- 
5Af , -Aif , m. 

Accountant, n., one skilled in keep- 
ing accounts, (1) cunncAfóin ; (2) 
etéineAó, -nvg, m.; (3) ÁineArhAC, 
-A15, -Ai£e, m. 

Accountantship, n., the office or 
employment of an accountant, 
(1) cnnnuAf óif eAóu ; (2) cléin- 
eAóu, -a, /. ; (3) ctéineAóAf -Aif , 

Account-book, n., a book in which 
a/cs. are kept, teAbAf cunn- 
CAif, nó Áinnfi, m.; teAbAf ua 
ntnmin (Or.). 

Account-keeping, n. The business 
of keeping a/cs. ; (1) ctein- 
eAóAf, -Aif, m.; (2) ctmnuAfAcc, 
-a, /. 

Accoutre, v.t. To equip ; (1) ^té- 
AfAim,-<vó; (2) toarm,Anmuiv;im> 
-tjjAt) ; (3) to dress, éroijmi, -1115- 
a*ó ; (4) cóifigim, -m^Ai 1 ) ; (5) har- 
ness, u£Amui£im,-u<5A , ó ; (6)Uiib- 
figim, -m^A'ó. 

Accoutred, v. a. Equipped ; (l) 
jtéAf ca ; (2) cóinigte ; (3) Af irít&', 
(4) éiT)i5te. 

Accoutrements, n., equipments, 
cfeAtlAm-Aim, m. 

Accredit, v.t., to put or bring into 
credit, concAobAim, -At). 


( 22 ) 


Accredited, a., put or brought into 
credit. roncAobtA. 

Accrescent, a., increasing, rnéAT)- 
mt;reAc, -tije. 

Accretion, n., the act of increasing, 
me.-VOi.ij At), mjte, m. 

Accretive, a., increasing by growth, 
£Áj\AríiAit, -rfit-Á- 

Accrue, v.i., to come to by way 
of increase, -oo ttucnn 011150. 

Accumbency, »., the state of. re- 
clining, teAt-UirgeácCj -a, f. 

Accumbent, a., leaning or reclining, 
1 edt-luijeAc. 

Accumulate, v.t., to collect or bring 
together, (1) crmAr Ann, -a*0 ; (2) 
bAiU$im, -ing-At) ; (3) c }\v 11111151 m, 
-1115AX) (Or.) ; (4) córh-CÁfuuii£im, 
-ii$At) ; (5) cÁf\tiAim ruA-p ; (6) 
cui-pimtecéite ; (7)cruiACAim,-A'o. 

Accumulated, a., collected or 
brought together, (1) DAiU^ce, 
bid.; (2) cnuArcA. ind. ; (3) 
cjiuiTirn^ce, ind. 

Accumulating,) The act of collect- 
Accumulation, i ing. (1) daiUujat), 
-iste, m.; (2) cÁnnÁH, -áIa, /.; 
(3) aomrujAt) -tnjte, m. 

Accumulative, a., serving to collect 
or amass, (1) crmAr ac, -Aije ; (2) 
bAiUjceAC, -tije. 

Accumulator, n., one who or that 
which collects or stores, DA1I15- 
reói|\, -ó|VA, -jaí, m. 
Accuracy, w., precision, exactness, 

(1) CfunnneAf, -nif, m.; ni't Aon 
cjunmieAf Ann, it lacks accuracy; 

(2) oeAccAi"óeAcc, -a, /. 
Accurate, a., free from error, exact, 

(1) ceAfvc, g. s. f., cinoe ; cá *oo 
fjéAi ceA|\c no 50 ceA^c, your 
story is accurate ; (2) cjttntin, -e, 
cá pof A^Am 50 bpuiL*oo tuAi|\if5 
Cfunrm nó 50 cjunrm ; (3) beACC, 
ca ah ctmucAf beAócnó^o beAcc, 
the a/c is accurate; very accurate, 
fAncjuimn ; accurate information, 

fÁin-fior ; accurate knowledge r 
j\Áij\-éot,Af ; eólA-p Cfunrm. 

Accurately, ad., exactly, precisely, 
(1) 50 beAcr ; (2) 50 cjunrm ; (3) 
50 ceAj\€ : (4) 50 5jvmri. 

Accurateness, n., OeAcuAróeAcu, 
-a, f. 

Accurse, vt., to call down evil or 
misery upon, niAUuit;irn, -ujax) ; 
50 mbA tiiAltmjte 5AC Aon 
rfiAUócAf cú, accursed be every 
one that you shall curse. 

Accursed, a., under a curse, cursed, 

(1) mALUnjre, ind.; (2)T)AmATicA, 
ind.; (3) coinneAt-bAix)ue, ind. 

Accusable, a., liable to be accused 
or censure^, (1) coi^eAc, -fuge ; 

(2) C10TITICAC, -Ai$e. 
Accusation, re., that of which one 

is accused, (1) coin, -e, -oj\tA, 
/.; (2) geAfian, -Áin, m. (com- 
plaint) ; (3) cúif , -e, -eAtitiA, /.; 
(4) éileArh, -tnii, m.; ; (5) -oíocÁit, 
-áía, pi. id. /.; (6) ActritifÁTi,-Áin, 
m. Cf. Bret, ac'hus, to accuse ; 
(7) ctAtfifÁn, m. ; (8) CAfAoro, /. 

Accusative, a:, (1) producing accu- 
sations. 5eAju\nAc, -Ai£e ; (2) 
(Gram.), applied to the case 
which expresses the immediate 
object of a transitive verb ; 
ctifpoifOAc, -|M5e. 

x\ccusative, re. (Gram,), the accusa- 
tive case, An cmreAl cur póij\eAc. 

Accuse, v.t., to charge with a 
fault, to blame, to censure, (1) 
éiti$im, -1115AX), also -teAtii 1 -50 : 
their thoughts accusing or else 
excusing one another, A5 em ugAt) 
a céile nó -pór A5 ^AbAH, a l.eit- 
f5éit( Rom. 2, 15) ; let them accuse- 
each other, erutj-oir pew a céiLe ; 
(2) cionnciH5iin, -tigA"©; (3) seAjv- 
ÁnAitn, -Á11 ; (4)coipi5im, -mjAt) ; 
(5) ctn|\nn 1 teit; they ac- 






cused hirn of murder, "do cni^eA- 
•oaj\ X)únrhA\\X)ATj 'n-A l.eic ; (6) 
cAf Aim te ; not accusing you of 
it, ní 'a CAfAT) teAC é. 

Accused, a., charged with a fault, 
(1) coimjte ; (2) émjte ; (3) 

Accuser, n., one who accuses, 

(1) éiLi5teói|\, -ójaa, -}\\, m.; (2) 
coipi$teói^ : (3) coi^teóiiA, -óf\A, 
-fit, m.: (4) ionnUn£teoin (in- 
former) ; pi., tncc éitje ; (2 

Accusing, n., the act of charging 
with an offence, (1) aonncnjAt), 
-mgte, m.; é yém t>o domicii^At) 
Ann 5 ac uate peACAt) ; (2) éitui$- 
a-ó, -i$te, m. ; (3) (idiom) he 
was accusing me of it. In ye 
•o'a cAf at"; o|\ru ; tM yé tVa óu|\ 
im' íeit ; bí fé *o*a cacat) (nó 

CAlteAlfl) fllAf tiom. 

Accustom, v.t., to make familiar 
by use, (1) cteAccAim, -At) ; (2) 
^nÁtnrjnrt, -115AT) ; (3) rAicipm ; 
tií'i uAitije AjAtn Ai|\, I am not 
accustomed to it. 

Accustomable, a., habitual, custo- 
mary. gtlÁtAC, -Aije. 

Accustomably, ad., according to 
custom, 50 5T1ÁCAC. 

Accustomed, «■., familiar through 
use, (1) cle-AccAc aj\ ; (2 
5UÁCAC te ; if jtiáu tiom UAif- 
beÁriAt) Tj'fA^Áil, I am a. to 
have visions ; (3) rAiájeAc te. 

Ace, n., the card or die marked 
with a single spot, (1) aw c-aou ; 

(2) Áf no" Áif (O'Gr.). Cf. L. 
as. a unit ; when a good card 
is turned up as trumps one 
partner says to the other whom 
he hopes has the ace entitling 
him to the exposed trump, 
-pÁmne óij\ o\\r ; ní cof\f\óCAT> 
Áy riíof pA, I will not wag an 
ace (go a step) further (0' Beg.) 

Acephalous, a., headless (1) -oiceAn- 
uac, -Aij;e ; (2) ^au ceAnn. 

Acerbity, s., (1) sourness, (a) séi^e, 
/.; (b) 5éi|\eAcc, /.; (c) -oom- 
DtAfCACC, -a, /. 

(2) Sourness of taste with 
astringency, bitterness of temper 
(a) felloe, g. id. /.; (b) reApDAf 
1 feA|\bAT)Af, -A1]% m. Of. L. 
acerbitas ; AY. cheverw ; Corn. 
wherow ; Bret, c'houers, bitter. 

(3) Harshness of temper, 5Af5- 
acu, -a, /., cf. Gr. yopyo?, rough. 

Ache, n., continued pain, (1) piAn, 
gen. peine, pi. -a, and piauca, /.; 
(2) x>oi5, g. -e, pi. te, and ceACA, 
/. (pr. dhy), x>. pACAit, tooth- 
ache ; T>oi5bi.iit5, colic ; (3) cm- 
neAf, -mj\ w., cwneAf cmti, 
headache; c-. x>j\om a, backache ; 

(4) T)1t1CA1|\, -C|\AC, -CJAACA, /. 

Achievable, a., foit>éAnuA, capable 

of being done. 
Achieve, v.t., to accomplish, (1) 

•oéAtiAim nó jnróim, v. n. T)éAnAm ; 

(2) gnioriiAmij-AT) ; (3)5nótin$;im, 

-115AT) ; (4) Cfvíocmnjim, -tit^AT) ; 

(5) t)Ainmi AtnAC. 

Achieved, a., accomplished, (1) 
•oéAncA ; (2) gníommjjte ; (3) 
itneAptA ; (4) he a. his purpose, 
cá Aige. 

Achievement, n., a feat, a great- 
deed, éACC, -a, m. 

Aching, n., the act of paining con- 
tinuously, (1) piAUAt), -nuA, m.; 
(2) a. pains in the bones, 
teómceAóc, -a, /. ; (3) idiom, my 
heart is a., cá mo c|Aoit>e &jz 
cujx omn. 

Achromatic, a., free from colour, 

Acid, a., sour, sharp, tart, (1) 5éA|\, 
-éit\e; (2) feAj\t>, -eif\t)e. 

Acidify, v.t., to make sour or tart, 
(1) 5éAjAAim. -A"ó ; (2) feA^b 11151m 



( 24 ) 


Acidity, ft., sourness, tartness, (1) 
Seine; (2) r eAnoAf , -Air, m. 

Acidulate, v.t., to make somewhat 
sour or acid, séAnAim, -&*ú. 

Acknowledge, v.t., (1) to recognise 
as a fact or truth, ATnfmijim, 
-rhÁit ; Judah acknowledged 
them, 'o'A'omuig Judah i^t) (Gen. 
38, 26) ; I will acknowledge that I 
am wrong, AromeóóAT» 50 o£tnlim 
1 n-edj\jUro ; I acknowledge my 
transgressions, A'oriungim mo 
cionncA (Ps. 51, 3). 

(2) To admit the claims or 
authority of, <vorhtnj;im, -tig^yo ; 
in all thy ways a. Him, Ann *oo 
f Ugtio inte At) rh 1115 6ireAn (Prov. 

Acknowledging, a., tending to own 
or admit, AT>mÁlAC, -Aige. 

Acknowledging, Acknowledgment, 
n., the act of admitting, avowing, 
owning or confessing, AT)rhÁil, 
-áLa, /., by the a. of every good 
thing, a n-AT)tfiÁit nA nmte 
rhAireAfA (Philem. 6) ; open 
a., ponn-A'otiiÁil, -Át a, /.; gl. 

' professio. 

Acme, ft., the top or highest point, 
pon-multAc, -A15, m. 

Acolyte, ft., one who attends or 
assists, (1) AclAróe, g. id. -t>te, 
m. (Ir. Gl. 456) ; (2) comnleoin, 
-ónA, -ní, til. (K. M.). 

Aconite (wolfsbane or monkshood), 
(1) 'oácaSa ; (2) cÁtAOA (genus 
aconitum, tribe hellebore). 

Acorn, ft., the fruit of the oak, (1) 
meAfós, -óige, -05A, /.; (2) coll. 
meAf nA "DAnAi^e (0' Beg.) ; (3) 
•OAncÁn, m.; (4) T)eAncÁn, til.; 

(5) fíOt T>Af\AC, til. 

Acoustics, ft., the science of sounds, 
pnAim-eólAf, -Air, m. 

Acquaint, v.t., to inform, to make 
cognizant, (1) inmrim ; (2) cmnim 
1 n-eótAf ; (3) cmnim 1 scéitt ; 

(4) cmnim 1 n-uriiAit (1 n-iut) ; 
acquaint now thyself with him, 
cmn tú rem 1 n-utriAit "oó-rAn 
Anoif (Job 22, 21) ; (5) cmnim 
f^éAt óum ; (6) rionnAócAim, 
-UAin, a\\ n-A fionnAccAin rw *oo 
'n ogeAnnA, on acquainting the 
lord of that (K.). 

Acquaintance, ft., (1) an intimate 
knowledge, but not friendship or 
intimacy, (a) Aitne, /. ind.; eóiAf , 
-Air , m.,7ZA Aitne (nó eotAr) AjAtn 
Ain, I am acquainted with him ; 
Aitne X)o óun one, to make your 
a. ; 1 n^AitUrh óni|\ mé eótAr aji 
mo ^pÁ-ó, m Galway I made my 
love's a. (old song : Ca^a-d An 
U-SÚ5ÁW) ; (c) AiteAncAf , -Air , 
m. ; therefore receive no more 
money of your a., An An Á*ftbAn- 
rom nAgtACAi'o níór mó "o'Ainsiox) 
ó bun n-AiteAncur (2 Kings, 12, 7); 
T>tnne *oo m' AiteAncAr, a man 
of my a. ; (d) cAitije, gen. 
id. f. : ní't rAiti£e A^Am Ain, 
I have no a. with him (O' B.) ; 
(e) cAroneAtii, -nnti, in. ; cá 
CATOneAm ajahi Ain. 

(2) The person with whom one 
is acquainted (a) cAroneAmAC, 
-A15, m.; (b) coll., Uicc AiteAncA; 
(c) chance a. ceAg-mÁUn'óe. 

Slight a., meAn-Aitne, /. ind. 
He struck up an a. ivith Mem, ouaiI 
r e f uAf teó. Mutual acquaintance, 
com -Aitne, /. Thorough acquaint- 
ance, (1) reAn-Aitne, /. ; (2) reAn- 
eótAf , -Aif , m. 

Acquainted, a., personally known, 
familiar, (1) eóU\ó, -Ai$e ; thou 
art a. with all my ways, cá en 
eóiAó An mo f 113 tio tiile ; a 
man of sorrows and acquainted 
with grief, "omne "ooilseArAo 1 
eótAó An ^óoonón (Isa. 53, 3) ; (2) 
cAroneAifiAó, -Ai$e. 


( 25 ) 


Acquainting, n., informing, making 
cognizant, pormACCAw, -ana, /. ; 
(2) a$ cuj\ 1 n-iut. 

Acquiesce, v.i., to concur in or 
assent to, though usually not 
heartily; (1) Aonctugim, -u^a-o ; 
(2) géiltim ; (3) crgim te. 

Acquiescence, n., a silent or pas- 
sive assent, (1) AoncAcc, -a, /.; 
(2) séitteA-ó, -lue, m.; (3) uoil- 
it>eAóc, -a, /. 

Acquiescent, a., resting satisfied or 
submissive, aoucaó, -Ai£e. 

Acquiescing, n., the act of assent- 
ing or consenting by silence, 
AoncujA'ó, -urgce, m. 

Acquirable, a., capable of being 
acquired, ro-fotÁf\tA, ind.; (2) 
ro-pAgÁtuA, ind. 

Acquire, v.t., to get as one's own, 

(1) folÁúfunjim, -tAj\ ; (2) 5A0- 
Aitn,-bÁit; (3) ^nótinjun, -ujAt). 

Acquirement, n., attainment, 

fOl.Á|AÚAÓC. -a, /. 

Acquiring, n., the act of getting as 
one's own ; (1) rotA^tA-D ; (2) 
PA5Á1I, -ÁtA, f. ; (3) 5nótut;<vó, 
-uijte, m. 

Acquisition, n., the thing acquired 
or gained, (1) pA$ÁtcAf , -Air-, m.; 

(2) good, fo-pA'5AtuAf ; (3) tri- 
fling, 'OHOlC-éA'OÁll, ÁtA, f. 

Acquisitive, a., acquiring, cnuAf- 


Acquisitiveness, ??., the desire of 
possessing, ponn cnuAr aóua, /. 

Acquit, v.i., to set free or release 
from an obligation, liability or 
accusation, r Aor-Aitn, -a-ó ; the 
Lord will not at all acquit the 
wicked, ní fAo^pAi'ó ré aj\ Aon 
6o|\ ^n > o|\oó- > ói3ine (Nah. i. 3) ; 
thou wilt not acquit me of mine 
iniquity, ní f AOf\pAi*o cú tné ó'tn 
ei^ceAfJc (Job 10, 14). 

Acquittal, n., discharge from accu- 
sation or obligation; (1) rAOj\t- 

acc, -a, /. ; (2) f AoifH")fveit 
Acquittance, n., release from debt 
or other liability, r AOfvóÁii, -áia, 


Acquitting, n., the act of releasing 

from liability or accusation, 

-pAo^At), -\\t a, m. 
Acquitting, a., tending to release 

from liability or accusation, 

-pA0f\cAC, -Ai^e. 
Acre, n., a piece of land containing 

160 square perches or 4 roods, 

AcjtA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. C/. 

Gr. aypos ; L. ager ; Skr. ajrá, 

Acred, a., possessing landed pro» 

perty, acjiac, -Aije. 
Acrid, a., bitter and hot to the 

taste, pungent, (1) séAjv, -éi^e ; 

(2) peAfVó, -ei|\be. 

Acridity, n., the quality of being 
pungent, (1) geifeAcc, -a, /.; (2) 
reij\be, g. id., f. 

Acrimonious, a., bitter-tempered, 

(J) 5^5* -^t^b^ ; (-) reAt\b, 
-ei|\be ; (3) soijau, -e. 

Acrimoniously, ad., in an acri- 
monious manner, 50 ^a^ac. 

Acrimony, n., sharpness or severity 
of language or temper, (1) ^a^- 
acc, -a, /. ; (2) 5éi|\e, g. id., f. ; 

(3) feA|\bAf , -Aif , m. 
Acrobat, n., one who practices 

rope-dancing or other difficult 
gymnastic feats ; (1) céro-cieAf- 
unóe ; (2) cteAfuroe, g. id., pi. 
-*ote, m. ; (3) Coll., Uicn cteAf 
(P. O'L.). 
Across, prep., from side to side, 
quite over, crosswise, cajv ; prep, 
pronouns, cAjAm, cajac, tAijur 
m., úAi|\pe 1 tAi|\rce, /., caj\- 
Amn, cAjAAib, tA|\fA, a. me, you, 
etc. ; Léun ré úaj\ at\ AttAwn, 
he leaped a. the river ; óuij\eAr 
mo iÁm Ationn tAifUf, I stretched 


• 26 ) 


my band a. him ; cmp a láiíia 
tA\ céile. put his hands 

a. each :>ther (2l.) ; (2) CfiAfnA, 

r^'-r 7: á J Af fAT) A^tlf 

Af ca] ■-:•.• lengthens 1 ■;.. : 

v.- ---: - a, across diagonally. 

Across ".. from side í side, ob- 
liquely, :'.'" '■ - ' "•f v.- '-- 
(n: 7-r---,.- - ' DéAl é. he 
struck him across the mouth; 
Artonn : rS fé córii mÁic 

AJAtr t - AlAt Ulge, I 

might is well step across to 
him t " . V. : ■ . : caou 50 caod. 
. I) that which is d 

doiL^. 5 •". m, -a, pi. id. and 

- _ : "oo jvmne Cú gntOfiiA 

- - : á OéAflAfíl (c/. 

G 1 . 20. 9 : 1 . 15 -•" - • Ail mtiAoi 
pec - • ngnfoifi pétn, this woman 
was ~ k ■.. . tl trery •.. Jofcfl v - 
4: 1 : ' - ' 5 ikwfi 0*0 ceATi^ATó, 
let uot " ": ui a. be from your 
I ug ie (Caój niAc TX\ine. Gael. 
rrans. 2 
2 E lict. law. decree, award. 

pe - :s of generosity ; 

(ft) - -7. ... -eifice, pi. id. and 
-a, /.; no í is licious but 
treachery, r-' hot* aoti oeA^c 
50 mbA reAli .. 7 . 

Con.) ; (e) éAcc. -a, w. : (d) 
•oé : - : - . -..--■•. m:; ( e) unlucky 

_ COTI . - ' '-" . HI. 

A '* ■.-.■ 1 " 1 riorm actions. 

gnio •■-.----- . -,-j.t», (ft) oéAnAim, 

-riAir. : -:~: ' - oeAnArii, to 

act unjustl] 

-: íe prod " - an effect . 

o iV - ■-- . --.t;' : his stomach 

acted o'c ifrftrg; a §oiLe. 
Acting, »., operating in any way. 

''1 - - mjA-o, -ur£te, ».; Í2> 
it - . -T ;-. . --r-e. ?>'. ; cá An 

teit;eAr A5 bibftit^Ao, the medi- 

cine is acting. (Don.) 

Action, /.. (1) thing done, act, (a) 
gnforh, -a, pi. id. and -ajiíja, m.j 
- leireAn meAfUAji ua ^ntoifiAjiC^ . 

and by Him all actions are 
weighed (1 Sam. 2-3) : (6) good 
a.. "oei$ nóroi-piíorii ; (c) mighty 
a., moippiioiii. see also Act (3); 
baj\c, -a, /.: bioo do 
DeAfc t**A |aóiiv. let your action 
be in accordance ; (e) evil a., 
Aifh-opeAftc, Aiifi-oeAjic, •ooioeApr. 
T)T\oic-l>eA|\r. -etjtce, -a, f. 

(2) The effect produced by 
on ly or element on another. 
oiOfiitf^Ao, -itxe ; oibfiiugA'ó ^n 
LÁn mA|\A, HA 5Aoite. tiA tiADAim, 
An teijif . the action of the tide, 
the wind, the river, the medicine. 

(3) Enterprise. eACCjiA, <i. id., 

pi. -A!, til. 

1 1 1 Military or naval engage- 
ment, (u)cac, -a, a ■■.: (6)c*>ifi|W 
-Aic, //'.: cAúcoicceAim, n general 

actk'ii or engagement. 

(5) (Afecfe.), Regular motion, 
(o) gtuAifeAóc, -a, /. : (ft) im- 
ceAóc, -a. f. 

(6) (Law). Judicial proceeding, 
éiteAifi, -luii. n?.; civil a.. éiioAm 
cinri>re : criminal a., éiLe^m 
cicnnuni>re ; right of a.. ceApc 

Actionable, a.. (Lov:). tnéitigce. 

Active, a.. (I) quick in physical 
movement, (a) cApAfo, -e ; (b) 
túf.n'iAf . -^i]\e ; (n) AisieAncA, 
inrt. (Con., Don. and Or.) ; mo 
rhAcriAió t»í c^oróeAiúAii, A^eó- 
ncA.iíoTtitA, my young men who 
were hearty, active and swift 
(Or. song); (d) fgiobAtcA, ind.; 
(°) rgiotlCA, hid.; (f) biAo^^riUA, 
ind.: (g) p|\ób, -|\eibe ; (h) 
trótiiAU, -Attte (Mea.), also tro- 






(2) Brisk lively, éArsAit 
-e; -■-.--. -trse : Co t-eo-OA, 

ím4.; ! v - . . -. f. iRifie : (e) 

- -. - .'-oe: (/) pniotiAi 

\'r - vmAit, -liitA ; (fe) 
le."- tyiAr (pftAf, pfWkr) ; 

r : -'. u 1 1 . -i ice : (J : I irirseAtcA. 

(3 Producing action in others 

] : . ■: ; ?OftAc. -Áfge : 
pot . iifimeAc.-mge. 

r Busy, iiligent. ■';■ - --': ■ i 
-Ai^e : : -: _ :-. -Aige. 

F reeful, energetic. 
rnAii, •:. 5.. /. x»éme : (&) prm- 
i e . -■.. . . - m§ - : puAOjwc, 

-j--: -■■.:- -: ^r: triiAlL, -tfiLA : 

E ~A1pU- 

v.; " ;".-•.:: '. - : ".T.: ' . - ;-y- 

; . ";e :-._■". ; -_. -Ai§e : "-' ~" 

~5^e : . pottiueAriiAiU -nil.: r. 
L. fortis : : . z.r^AfvGj . 

(6) Resourceful, (u) ciipce, 

ind.: beAjiCAé, -415c : (c) 

peAjtCAC. ;-r : j d bAjinAc. -Aige. 

. . Active srb, oj\ia- 

caji >::-. íoiíia. 

Aetwe : .. -_--7.--- ie. 

pi. -TV!. : . - . ~: • . . -.. 15, 
: ";- :~;--t: . . --■■>:. 
Activity .. the state or quality 
:■: being active. 1 Lac. -ate. 
C|té K>mAX lúú a cutftp, 
by his great activity of b: if 
te Lot ;- LArii «.P. M. 161 : alsc 

LUCfilAipe fACC). /.; 2 CApATÓ, 

--. ".: als : caoj :t ?.zd~A-: -•": -::r 
/'.: (3) UiAxtAft, -Ait\. ȣ.: "co ctAon 
ma ...-:.• :w 1113* activity gave 
wc. 4 Ioooacc, -0. ". : 5) oéo- 
tuAice, '. : 7 jtice :~ . f.; (7) 
beóóAcc - beooAffitAcu, -a. /. : 
v r. T:;r. -;. f.: (9) tro- 

niAille, /.: (10) oiot~ . :c. 

-•• f- 
Actor, n., (1) (in a play . 

cleAfttfpe. '-. i :•/.. pi. -"ore, 
cttncceoifL -pftA, - r 

Arpueóif. '1 fpATpuecij*. 

lé --~- Ac . -~ -T. (/) peAD- 

burlesque, : 1 3 . mimic, parpppe. 

>/'. <JV. ». rtn*vp eórf . ... : 

(Jfc) juggler. ftétnr, Din.), 

I An agen:. ^níomcóif, 

-ó|ia, -jví. .. í - - : ; . 
(e) ^moiiiAife . - : . .: (d) 

5 •;íotfiA'Oói|\. -óf:. - : 

actress, ..a female sfa^e-player, 

(I : r :t -; Tv, -j. /.. gl. 
mima : 2 : AmcteAruróe. /. .' 
léi|^:eó5 : 4 i*pAifceó5 <~~- 

A.. A 

Actual. ... rxisting in reality or 

fa::, Í : im ice. ind.: I c -^ri&- 

ca, t r-iifim. -imie; 
pop. -if.e. 

Actuality. .. reality. cmr.ueAcc, 
-a, /. 

Actually. nd. s reaDy. in trutn,. 

". - -pilllD. 

Actuary. >>.. ctéifeAc .-.-- pee. 

Actaate, v.t.. to inci:e te action, 
(1) 5^ic*rtri$im. -«5-' - 51*°" 

tm, 5| iof Aim I •: . =at . 
OfOfUtiixiiTi. -trtj-i . 4 co coi\- 
fttigA» f ui :- • : " ppfieAg 

Actuated, a., moved or incited. (1) 
5|AÍof~: : '2 -- : :-.yTr : 
-■:- -e^r.-. 

Actuating. »., the act of moving 
or inciting, 5|óof(t^ :r . >••!. 

Acumen, n.. quickness of percep- 
tion or discernment. (1) 5éA|*- 
tiJTc-pe Andcc . f. : 2, ~^^-- 
mctm: [&i ice : ^-.-icútf, -e, 

-eAima, /. 

Acuminate i . : . ending in a sh 
' :int. ptrmeAC. -nrtr. 

Ac iminous, a., kee^. x:éApcúTfe 

Ac ite, 1 : Muted ?^Af, 

-r ••-:-; oeACAmAiL, -rhiA : iiac 


( 28 ) 


•oeÁtAtfiAil, azá~ fé how acute 
or sharp he is ; (c) fpeAtÁnuA 
(f peAl-s or splinter). 

(2) Shrewd, (a) 511c, -e ; (b) 
5éAf\-cúifeAc, -fi$e. 

(3) Of nice discernment, 0115- 
feAUAó, -Ai£e. 

(4) Intelligent, (a) irmcteAócAc, 
-Ai§e ; (b) (idiom) if a^ac acá ax\ 

Acuteness, n., (1) the quality of 
being pointed, (a) séi-pe, g. id. /., 
55éif\eAóc, -a, /.; (b) p peAtÁncAóu, 
-a, /. 

(2) Of mind,- (a) séAjvcúifeAóc, 
-a, f; (b) ^tiocAf, -Aif, m.; (c) 
pionnfA, g. id., pi. -a\, m. (Din.) ; 
(d) Aite, #. id. f. (K. M.). 

Adage, n., an old saying, a pro- 
verb,(l)reAnfocAl, -Ail, pi. id. m.; 

(2) yeAXM^AX), -Áró ; -a voce, m. ; 

(3) ^nÁt-pocAt, #. and pi., -ail, 
m.; (4) iiAcÁn, -Áin, m. (Don.). 

Adam, s., (pr. name), x$v"OAtf), -Airh, 

Adamant, n., a name for the dia- 
mond and other very hard sub- 
stances, ax) Am Ariz, -Ainu, m. (Lat. 
adamas, adamantis). 

Adamantean, Adamantine, a., hard 
as adamant, At)AmAncAC (Lat. 

Adamic, a., of or pertaining to 
Adam, xVóArhAó. 

Adam's apple, n., the thyroid 
cartilage projection, aX>aii via 
bfÁjAT), adaIX av\ rsofw-dij; ; also 
ha fgó-priAige (p. 1.). 

Adam's flannel, s. (Bot.), the mul- 
lein, cowneAt Thtnj\e; Uif móf\ 
(verbascum thapsis). 

Adapt, v.t., to fit, to adjust, (1) 
01^ eAtfmAim -Aft ; (2) ctiif\un 1 
n-oi|\eAriiAin (óif\eArhAin, Don.) ; 
(3) "oéAUAim pfveA5|\Aó. 

Adaptability, n., suitableness, (1) 

oif\eAtfmACr, -a, /.; (2) -pfeA^- 
^acc, -a, f. 

Adaptable, a., capable of being 
adapted, r-o-oit\eAtrmui$te. 

Adaptation, n., the act, process or 
state of being adapted, (1) t^f eA 5' 
jvacu, -a, /.; (2) oij\eAtfmACc, -a, f. 

Adapted, a., made fit or suitable, 
oif\eArrmAC, -Ai$e. 

Adapter, n., one who adapts, 
ciutnfigteoi^, -of a, --pi, m. 

A-days, ad., by day, every day, 
now-a-days, 'p-Ati Att1 f . 

Add, vi., to sum up, to put 
together, (1) méAmirgim u^aX) ; 
X)o tfseATKHj; fin Áf\ tuío-Á"ó, 
that added to our ill-luck ; 
(2) ctii|Mm te (céite) ; ctnj\ Aon te 
v\-a tjvi, ctiif a c|\í te n-ACf\i, add 
one to three, three to three ; 
cuif\ yIaz eite teif, add another 
yard to it ; *oo tAbAijA ax\ cijeA^tiA 
ua b|\iAUf A-f a . . . -] níof ctnf\ ní 
if mó terp, these words the Lord 
spake . . . and he added no 
more (Dent. 5, 23) ; (3) cuifiim 1 
rnbun : add six to twelve, cuij\a' 
fé 1 mbtm A'T>ó*óéA5 ; (4) cvnpim 
1 jceAnri ; to add drunkenness to 
thirst, A3 cuif\ meifse a scionn 
An CA^CA (Deut. 29, 19) ; ctnfipró 
An UijeA^nA tnAC eite n-A ceAnn 
cir^Am, the Lord shall add to 
me another son (Gen. 30, 24). 

Addendum, n., an appendix, t>j\eir- , 
-e, /.; Asiufin, gen. id., pi. i, 

Adder, s., (1) a serpent, uAtAijv, 
-t^Ac, -t^ACA, /. (cf. Lat. natrix, 
a water-snake ; W. neidr ; Corn, 
nader ; Ger. natter) ; (2) nAtAijv 
nm'ie, -tfVAC, pi. -tjAACA-mtrie, 
/.; (3) buA-p-AtAijv, /.; (4) 
itpiAfc, -pérpce, -a, /.; (5) 
riAro, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (6) peitroe, 
g. id., pi. -"oi, /.; (7) water-adder, 
5ilmrheó5, -orge, -a, /. (P. S.). 


( 29 ) 


Adder-abounding, a., itpiAr-cAC, 

Adder's grass, n. (Bot.), scorpion- 
grass, tuf nA miotA. 

Adderstongue, n. (Bot.), species 
of fern (ophioglossum), (1) tuf 
nA tiAtí\Aó ; (2) ueAn$;A nA nAtjAAC, 
m.; (3) U»f nA ceAn^An. 

Adderwort, n. (Bot.), the common 
bistort or snakeweed (polygo- 
num bistorta), coj\ó5 nniie. 

Addibility, n., capability of addi- 
tion, fo-Ái-pmeAcr, -a, f. 

Addible, a., capable of being added, 

Addict, v.t., to habituate to, (1) 
5nÁtui£im, -1154*0 ; (2) cteAóc- 
Aim, -At) ; (3) cAO|\Aim mé 

pew fUAf T>0. 

Addicted, a., having an inclina- 
tion to ; used in a good and bad 
sense, uAbAftA -pttAf *oo ; cu^ca 
"oo 'n ot, addicted to drink ; 
ctAonTfiA|A, -Aij\e ; "ooimrn A|\(Or.). 
Addictedness, n., inclination to- 
wards, ClAOnCAÓC, -a, /. 
Adding, n., (1) putting together, 
Ag ct)f\ 1 sceAtin a céite. » ; 

(2) To append, as a statement, 
to say further, a$ cuja teif. 
Addition, n., (1) adding things 
together, A£ cuj\ te céite,,nó 
as cuj\ 1 sceArm a céite. 

(2) Anything added, (a) an 
appendix or increase, bfieif, -e, 
/.; (b) ctntteAX), -tró, pi. id. m. 
(ctntteAm, -tim, m., M.) .1. 
something thrown in " for luck " 
in addition to the correct weight 
or measure ; something more in 
addition, cuitteAt) món te coif, 
(J. P. II.) ; (c) méA'ougA'ó, 
-tngte, m.; (d) asa(*ó), m.; (e) 
potAAf, -Air, m. 

(3) (Math.), tMfeAóc, -a, m.; 
bi^eAó, the amount added (P. 
O'L) ; ctÁj\ r>A bifeAócA. In 

addition to that, (a) 'n-A teAnncA 
fin ; (b) 1 pceAr.ncA f m ; (c) 'n-A 
bpAf^At) -pom : you will unmis- 
takably get in addition to every 
other gem, *oo £eobAi|\ $An 
meAnbAtt 1 bpAn^At) ^ac feoro 
(E. R.) ; (d)'she put an addition to 
her skirt, ótnji fí ice te n-A 
f5iofi(CA (Or.). ; (e) in addition to 
some new matter, mAitte te 
beA^Án .éigw nuAt) a ciíj\ 'n-A 

Additional, a., utntteAC (Tyr.). 

Addled, a., putrid like rotten eggs, 

5tn5Af aó, -Ai£e. 
Addle-brained, -n a., dull-witted, 
Addle-headed, I stupid,, (1) -$ua- 
Addle-pated, ) j;aó - Ai$e ; . , (2) 

StAigineAC, -nij;e. 
Address, n., (1) speech, (a) lecture 

or discourse, ójiÁro, -e, -eACA, /.; 

(b) cómnÁt), -jvávó, -Áróce, m.; (c) 

•oiteA5f\A, 9- id. m.; (d) address 

to an army inciting them to 

battle, fc-fS caca. 

(2) The direction on a letter, 
(á) -peótA*ó, -tuA, m.; (b) uneó, 
g. id. m. 

Address, v.t., (1) make a speech or 
discourse, *oiteA5t\Aim, -&t> ; (2) 
to address a letter, fsjvíoOAim An 

f eÓtAt) A|\ tlClfV. 

(3) To pay one's addresses to 
a lady, f tnfjim-Je, with te. 

Addressee, n., one to whom any- 
thing is addressed, -peótACÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

Addresser, n., one who addresses, 

f eóUvoóip, -ójia, -j\í, m. 
Adduce, v.t., to bring forward, as 

an argument, ip péroij\ a tAOAif c 

AnuAf , it is possible to adduce. 
Adept, n., one highly skilled in 

anything, (1) eot^Ac, -ai£, m.; 

(2) mAijmcifv Af a %\\6t. 


( 30 ) 


Adequacy, n., a sufficiency for a 
particular purpose, (1) -poi^-lioti, 
m.; (2) leój\-t)óitir., g. id. /. 

Adequate, a., fully sufficient, (1) 
Leaf, ind.; (2) rnlreAtfmAc, -Aije 

Adequately, ad., in an adequate 
manner, 50 Leófi. 

Adequateness. See Adequacy. 

Adhere, v.i., (1) (a) to stick fast, 
as a burr to one's clothes, -oo 
ceAngAl teif ; (p) to join or 
unite, "oo (corn )5|\e-Amti5AT) ; (c) 
to cling to, *oo teAn a tiAinm m 
niAj ro, her name adhered to 
this plain .1. Ájro 1T1aca (Reeves, 
An. Ch. of Arm., p. 44). 

(2) To stick to a principle or 
a party, teAn Aim, -nriiAin(c). 

Adherence, Adherency, n., the 
quality or state of adhering (1) 
jpeAmuijeAcr ; (2)teAnuAcu,-A,/. 

Adherent, a:, sticking, clinging, 
SjieAnnnjxeAc -ti§é. 

Adherent , n., a follower, a partisan, 

*OtVIC-CA]Vd, Q. CA^AT), 2>í- -CÁIfVOe, 

/.; teAninAn<\ó, -A15, -Ai£e, m. 

Adhesion, n., (1) action of stick- 
ing, (a) sjieAtuugAT) tugte m. ; (fr) 
'Coiui-^eAmugAt), -ingte, m. ; (2) 
iidelity to, y eAf riiAcu, -a, /. 

x\dhesive, a.., sticky, tenacious, 
(1) yujin, -gne ; (2) ceAiigAitceAe, 

Adhesiveness, u., stickiness, (1) 
nis;neAcc, -a, /.; (2) ni^neAr, 
-mr, m. 

Adieu, interjection, good-by, fare- 
well, (1) beAiinAcc teA€ ; (2) T)ia 
teAu ; (3) r lÁn ajjac said by the 
party going, rLÁn Icac, by the 
party remaining; (4) flÁn beó 
teAc; (5) contiAifotnc ; (6)rof\Aró 

Adieu, n., a farewell, (1) fiÁn, -Ám, 
-a, m.: he said farewell to us, 
T)'£áj; ré rlÁn A^Airm ; "o'jrAgAf 

rlÁn A5 An typemn tnte, I bade 
the Fenians all adieu (M. C.) ; 
(2) ceiLeAbj\<vó, -bóntA, m.; (3) 
fO|\Ait), -e, /. 

Adipose, a., fatty, rAitteAc, -U£e. 

Adjacent, a., lying near to, (1) 
coni^A^Ac, -Ai£e; (2) 1 D-po^nr x>o 
-oijf e ; (3) tátth te ; (4) 1 n-Aice. 

Adjective, n. (Gram.), a word added 
to a noun to define or limit 
it ; (1) ciAU-biMAtA]i, a. and 
pi. bneitne, /.; (2) btiA-o-írocAt, 
-Ait, m.; (3) utÁf)--pocAi, m.; (4) 
lAmr.beAjitA, m.; (o) atoiacc -a, /. 

Adjective, a., of the nature of an 
adjunct, aituacua. 

Adjoining, a., contiguous, adja- 
cent, (1) coni^A^Ac, -Ai^e ; (2) 
1 bpogtif , -oispe ; U\irh te. 

Adjourn, v.t., to put off or defer, 
to postpone, (1) ctnpirn Ap &t- 
L\ ; (2) cui|vim fiAjt; (3) niAittij- 
im, -1115AT) ; (4) cimutn aja 5;cút ; 

(5) CU1|M1U A|A CÁIjVOe. 

Adjourning, n., the act of deferring 
or postponing, (1) 45 enrv Ap 
At-tA ; (2) A5 cup piAji ; (3) 
rnAiltuijAX), i$te, >«.; (4) A5 
CUfV A]A jciit, 11Ó AJ1 cA^roe. 

Adjournment, n., (1) the act of 
adjourning (see Adjourning) ; (2) 
the interval of postponement, 

(1) uAmeAcc, -a, /.; (2) 11A1111- 
•óeAcc, /.; (3) uAinneAér, /. 

Adjudge, Adjudicate, v.t., to come 
to a judicial decision, -oteACCAim; 

(2) beijutn bpeit. 
Adjudication, n., the act of trying 

judicially, bj\ei teAtrnu\f, -Air, m. 

Adjudicator, «., one who adjudi- 
cates, s., b|\eiteAn'i, -An, -aid, 
m. gen., also -tun. 

Adjuration, n., a solemn charging 
on oath or under the penalty of 
a curse; (1) A5 cun ?Á ifnonn ; 
(2) nó pÁ riióro; A5 cup Af ucc 
T)é ; (3) A]5 cup |ta $eAf Ait). 


( 31 ) 


Adjure, v.t, to charge, bind or 
command solemnly, as if under 
oath or under the penalty of a 
curse, (1) iA|tfiAim *o'Atctiiii5;e ; 
(2) I a. thee by the living God, 
cuifvnn of\c Af vice T)é £>í (Mat. 
26, 63) ; La. thee by God that 
thou torment me not, cm {Mm a 
tmcu T)é ofic 5A11 mo piAHAt) 
(Mark 5-7) ; (3) we a. thee by 
Jesus, ctUfwriro pÁ 5e<vpAio fio, 
cfé íofA (Acts, 19, 13) ; (4) 
Joshua adjured them, saying 
cursed be the man that riseth 
up and buildeth this city, *oo 
ctnjt 1oftJA *oo liióroib oj\\\a j;'a 
fuvo 50 fnAT) niAlUiijte An mime 
eí|\eóójAf "I cinjvpeAf ah CAUAif- 
X e-puAf (Josh 6-26) ; (5) Saul 
adjured the people saying cursed 
be the man that eateth any food 
until evening, t>o éuif\ Saul via 
"OAome pÁ tinormvno 5'A jiAt) 50 
ni At) mAtUujte An mune iofAf 

OlAt> Afl 01C 50 C|\ÁÓ1Ó11A (1 

Sam 14-24), 

Adjust, v.t., (1) to settle differences, 
fvéró.ci$ím> -ccac. 

(2) To regulate, to bring into 
proper relations, (a) yoc^mpm, 
-ujAt) ; (b) ce-A|\rin$im, -vigAt). 

Adjustable, a., capable of being 
adjusted, (1) p of ocf.tnjre ; (2) 

Adjusted, a,, brought into proper 
relations, (1) i\évóui£te ; (2) 
ceA-ptvnjjce ; (3) fQcjiuigte. 

Adjusting, n., the act of bringing 
into proper relations, (1) foc- 
jm^At), -vugte, in,"; (2) ceAf,uir$At>, 
-uigte, m. 

Adjustive, a., tending to adjust, 
fo-foc|un$reAC, -tit;e. 

Adjustment. See Adjusting. 

Adjutant, n., a helper, an assistant, 
(1) consancoip, -ó^a, -fií, m. ; (2) 

CADA}\tÓ1J\, -Ó\\A, -|\í, VA. / (3) 

mneAUxóifi, -ó\\a, f.í, m. 
Administer, v.t., to manage or 
conduct, direct or superin- 
tend, (1) ]MA|\A1111, -At) ; (2) 
rAD|VA111l, -0A1|A€ : 1A}\ T1A fAC|lA- 

tneinui *oo tAli)Ai|vc, after adminis- 
tering the sacraments ; (3) fp 10c- 
Á1 tun, -teAt). 

Administered, a., managed or di- 
rected, (1) -pfiotÁtrA, hid.; (2) 
initiiofUj\ÁlcA ; (3) "oÁilce. 

Administering, n., the act of 
managing or conducting affairs. 

(1) pfuotAileAt), -tee, m.; (2) 

mi1110fC|AAtACr, -a, /. 

Administration, n., the act of 
administering or tendering some- 
thing to another, (1) ppiocÁiAt), 
-Lee, m.; (2) pogAniciugAt), -i£ce 
m. (G. D.); (3) ™A|iAt>, -i\tA, m\ 

Administrative, a., (1) executive, 
^níotíiAc, -Ai£e ; (2) administer- 
ing, (a) FtuoúÁitueAc, -ci$e ; (b) 
Vt^eAf CcMac, -Ai$e ; (c) pomnzeAc, 
-ci$e, (d) ]ma|vcac -Aige. 

Administrator, n., one who ad- 
ministrates affairs, (1) fi-A$Un§- 
teoi|\, -opA,' -|Ai, m.; (2) fioinn- 
ceoip, m, ; (3) po^AinueAc, -ci$, 
m. (T. C.) ; (4) pojAinueóifi. m. 
(G. B.) ; (5) jteACCAif\e, m. ; (6) 
mApt:ói|\, m. 

Administratrix, n., a woman who 
administers, (1) beAn-tuAjUni:- 
teói|A ; (2) pojAinceó^, -orge, -a, f. 

Admirable, a., lonsancAó, -Ai$e, 

lorm'iotcAc, -Aije. 
Admirableness, n>, the quality of 

being admirable, ior»5AncAóc, 

-a, / ; lonn'iotcAcc -a, /. 
Admiral, n., a naval officer of the 

highest rank, (1) uAoireAc cadLaó; 

(2) Á|A-o-iiiAi|méAlAc-Ai5, m. ; 

(3) ÁjvoriiAfiuróe, gen. id., pi. 
-'óie, m.; (4) Aitni|\éAl, -éil, m.; 


( 32 ) 


(5) pfíomAjuiróe, m. ; (6) Ájro- 
uAoifeAó pAim^e, m, ; (7) 
11151*5646, -515, m. 

Admiralty, n., the department 
which manages naval affairs, 
luce mA^Atc^ ha scaoíac C05AVÓ. 

Admiration, n., wonder mingled 
with approbation, high estima- 
tion, (1) meAf móp nó Ajvo- 
meAf-cA, m.: uá Átro-meA-p Ai?;e 
aiji, he has great a. for him. ; (2) 

(a) ion5AnuAf-Aif , m. (Jude 16) ; 

(b) ion5n-A*0, gen. and pi. -5A11UA, 
m., I wondered with great a. x»o 
5A0 lonstiAt) j\o-móf\ mé (Rev. 

Admire, v.i., to regard with wonder 
and delight, lon-jmnjim-nAT). 

Admire, v.t., to estimate or prize 
highly, (1) "oeAnÁim longnxvó "óe ; 
(2) moLAim, -a*ó : ní m. iat> mAj\ 
•óAome $au nÁife, I do not a. 
them as shameless people. 

Admissible, a., that may be al- 
lowed or conceded, (1) lonstAccA 
(such as evidence) ; (2) that may 
be conceded, cexvoinjxe, ind. 

Admission, n., (1) the act of ad- 
mitting, (a) lei-se-dn (LéigeAn, U.) 
if ue-dc ; (b) sIacaO if ceAC ; (2) ac- 
knowledgement, <vomAil, -Á\A, f. 

Admit, v.L, (1) to allow entrance, 
(a) teigim if ceAC : Lei^ceAn if c- 
eAC mo •óeAj\Oj\ÁtAif\ Apf An f\í, 
a. my brother said the king 
(I.T.S. x., 94, 24) ; (b) stACAim 

(2) Assent to, acknowledge, 
ATitrmijjim, -mÁit. 

Admitting. See Admission. 

Admix, v.t., to mix, (1) meAfgAim, 
-xt> ; (2) coimeAf5Aim, -a-ó ; (3) 
emmm cfí céite. 

Admixture, n., a compound formed 
by mixing different ingredients, 
ctmiAf5, -Aif5, w. 

Admonish, v.t., (1) to counsel, 
comAipti£im, -ni^At), know cer- 
tainly that I have admonished 
you, 010*0 a pof A5A1O 50 
T)eimin gup comAiplrg min mb, 
Jet. 42-19. 

(2) To warn, fAOAim, -a*o 
(G. D.). 

(3) To notify, pó5|\ Aim, -5A1]au, 
as Moses was admonished of 
of God, Amtnt *oo pojAip T)ia 
t>o ttlAoife, Heb, 8-5 (G. D.), 1 
|?0|\--pó5fVAim, -At). 

(4) To instruct or direct, 
ceA5Af5Aim, -jAfs : ceA5A.if5i > 6 
é mAfv 'oeApbfÁtAip, a. him as 
a brother (2 Thess. 3, 15) ; -o'a 
blip mútiA'ó *] t»'a oujv -oceA^AfS 
pém, teaching and admonishing 
one another (Coll. 3, 16). 

Admonished, a., advised or cau- 
tioned, (1) comAifUjte, ind.; (2) 


Admonisher, n., one who ad- 

Admonition, n. (1) authoritative 
advice, (a) comAij\ie, g. id. /'.; 
(b) cfom-óomAipte (very grave). 

(2) Friendly warning, haoa-ó, 
-Ait), m. 

(3) Friendly notification, -pó- 
SlvA'ó-sAivtA, m. ; (b) pó54if\c -} 
po|\-f:ó5Ai|\c, -AfvtA, /.,for our a., 
Cum -po5A^tA *oo tAOi|\c *oúmne 
(1 Cor. 10-11). 

(4) Instruction or direction, 
zeAS£?s, -^rs> m - See Ad- 
monish (4). 

Admonitive, 7 a., warning or re- 
Admonitory ) proving, (1) pop- 

po5A|\tAó, -Ai£e ; (2) ceASAfjAc, 

-Ai$e ; (3) ceA5Aif5- 
Ado, n., trouble, difficulty, bustle, 

(1) ot}AropeA*ó, --óeA^cA, m. : 

why make ye this a. and weep ? 

CfAéAT) pÁ bptHl t>UA1 > Óf\eA > Ó Of Alb 

1 cfeAt) pÁ 1151111x1 ? (Mark, 5, 


( 33 ) 


39) ; (2) *oti At), -aró, in : cÁn^A- 
mAf\ Af A\\ éijeAn nó te mónÁn 
*ouAró, we got out of it with 
much ado (O'Beg.). 

Adolescence, n., youth, (1) o^tACAr, 
-Air, m. ((/Don. Gram., p. 330) ; 
(2) osÁncóCc, -a, /. 

Adopt, v.t., to take voluntarily a 
strange child as one's own, (1) 
cúljj-AOvVirn, -bAit ; (2) uccmAC- 
11151m, -ugcvó ; (3) ciJtjjtACAim, 
-At) ; (4) x:AOAim ciigAm. 

Adopting, n.. choosing and making 
one's own what was originally 
not so, rAoÁit te céijvo, a. a 
trade or profession. 

Adoption, n., the act of adopting, 
(1) ciUgtACAt), -ctA, m.; (2) 
cútjADÁit, -ÁtA, /.; (3) tJourhACAt), 
-ctA, m.; (4) uccrhACdcc, -a, /; 
(5) AtAtvgA-o, -gAro. m. 

Adorable, a., deserving of adora- 
tion, (1) loriA'újuir^te ; (2) ion- 

Adorableness, n., the quality of 
being worthy of adoration, s. (1) 
lotiA'OjuiirceAcr, -a, /.; (2) ion- 
rhotCACr, -a, /. 

Adoration, n., (1) worship paid to 
God, (a) A'ófVA'ó, -*úApi&, m.; (b) 
ftéACUAm, -An a, /. ; (c) T)é- 
^éHXeAt), -tee, m. 

(2) Homage to persons, ajyo- 
onóiji, -ófiA, /. 

Adore, v.t., (1) to worship, as God, 
(a) At^Aim, -jia'o ; (&) rtéACUAim, 
-r.Ain . 

(2) To love in the highest 
degree, to idolize, beimm nó 

UAD|\Aim, AJVOOnOin T>0. 

Adorer, n., one who adores, a 
worshipper, A-ójvA-ótóifi, -óf\a, -fví, 

Adorn, tj.í., (1) to deck, coimjim, 
-mjAt) : rriA|\ beAn nuA'o-porcA 
coim^ce te n-A -péATjAib, as a 
bride adorned with her jewels. 

(2) To beautify, (a) fjjiAmAim 
(f5i Arh u 151m), -truvo; (b) mAifi5- 
im, -mgAt) ; (c) T)eAf 11151m, 
-u^At) ; (d) bjAeÁjttnpm, -u%<xú ; 
(e) rseA^urgim, -u&a'ó. 

(3) To decorate, (a) btÁctn^im, 
-ugAt) ; (b) ói|\ni£im, -neAt) ; (c) 
fL4ócui£itn, -115 *vó. 

Adorned, a., decorated, (1) cóimjxe, 
ind.; (2) fjiAtfróA, ind.; (3) 
óinnigte (c/. L. ornatus). 

Adorning, n., the act of decorating, 
(1) cóimujAt), -ijte, m.; (2) 
fSiAtriAt), -rhtA, m.; (3) oi^hcat), 
-nró, m. 

Adornment, n., a decoration, (1) 
f^iAnróAóc, -a, /.; (2) mAire, #. 
id. /.; (3) ó-finAi'oeAcu, -a, /.; (4) 
ftAóc, -Aloe, m. 

Adown, ad., down, rior. 

Adrift, ad., floating at random ; (l) 
An f eAónÁn ; (2) te y ion ; (3) te 
X fut ; (4) te -pÁnAró. 

Adroit, a., showing skill and readi- 
ness either physically or men- 
tally, (1) ctirce, ind.; (2) T>eAf- 
tÁrfiAc, -Ai^e ; (3) gAf ua, ind. 

Adroitly, ad., in an adroit manner, 
(1)50 ctifce; (2) 50 ^AfCA. 

Adroitness, v., skill and readiness, 
(1) ctifceAcc, -a, /.; (2) jtiocAr, 
-Ai-p, m. 

Adry, a., thirsty, cAncrhAn, -Aine. 

Adulation, n., (1) blandishment, 

(a) ptÁmÁf , -Air, m. (btÁmÁ-p, U.); 

(b) btAT)An, -Ain, m.; (c) btAT)Ai-|V 
eAcc, -a, /. ; (d) bteroineAóc, 
-a, /. (W. Lira.) ; (e) rouAt, 
-Ait, m. 

(2) Fawning, (a) mAf^At, -Ait, 
m.; (b) miox)At, -Ait, m.; (c) 

tÚfCAfV, -A1jA, m. 

(3) Flattery involving deceit, 
(a) ctuAW 5 -AnA, /.; (b) ctuAnAif- 
eAcc, -a, /. 


( 34 ) 


Adulator, n., a servile flatterer, (1) 
ptÁmÁ-puróe, g. id., pi. -"óte m. ; 
(2) blA*oAif\e, #. id., pi. -j\i, m.; (3) 
clu An Aij\e, g. id., pi. --pi, m.; (4) 
triAfgAtAc, -A15, m.; (5) moTMlAc, 
-A15, m.; (6) rocAlAc, -A15, ra. 

Adulatory, a., servilely praising or 
flattering, (1) ptÁmÁf ac, -Aige ; 
(2) btA*Of\Ac, -Aije ; (3) turcf\Ac, 

Adult, n., one who has reached 
maturity, (1) *oume "o'Aoir ; (2) 
Aim/eAc, -fig, m. (G. D.) ; (3) 
•ouine pÁfc^ (Tyr.). 

Adulterate, t?j., to deteriorate by 
mixing with a baser material, 
cf\ia>Aitti$im, -1115 at) ; (2) meAf- 
5Aim, -At); (3) coimeAfjAim- 


Adulterated, a., debased by ad- 
mixture, (1) couneAf5tA ; (2) 
cmJAiUjjte, ind. 

Adulteration, n., debasement by 
foreign mixture, (1) meA-pgA'D, 
-5c a, m.; (2)c|MiAiltiu5A > ó, -ijte,m 

Adulterer, n., a man who commits 
adultery, (1) At)Alcf\AnnAC, -A13, 
m.; (2) At)AtcAife, g. id., pi. 
-m', m.; (3) A'óAlxjvAróe, g. id., pi. 
-x)te m. ; (4) sucaLac, -A15, ra. 

Adulterous, a., pertaining to adul- 
tery, (1) *o|\úif eAtfiAit, -rhtA ; (2) 
*ojunr eAó, -r rge ; (3) A > óAlxj\AnnAó, 
-Aije; tnéifv > ó|\eAóAítiAit -rhtA. 

Adultery, n., the unfaithfulness of 
a married person to the marriage 
bed, A-OAlxjAArmAf , -Air% ra. (Lat. 
adulterium), thou shalt not com- 
mit a. ni -oeAnpAit) cu a. (ito. 
20-14) ; (2) A-óAlxfiAf , -Aif , 
m. (B.LL. I. 54, 20) ; (3) ■onúir, 
-e, /.; (4) céiteAóAf, -Aif, ra.; 
(5) b|\if eA*ó póf ca : I am often 
guilty of seduction, adultery and 
drunkenness, if tmrnc oibm$im 
a mitteAm ói^rhnÁ, bmr e&t> pór-ZA 
Aguf póiceAfAóc (Or.). 

Adulteress, n., a woman who com- 
mits adultery; (1) a-óaIx^aó, 
-Ai§e, -a, /. (B.LL. I. 52, x. ; II. 
378,17; Y. 226, 11); (2) 5 ucoto 5 , 
-ói^e, -a, /.; (3) méifVOf\eAc -m$e 

A., f. 

Aduncous, a., curved inward, 
hooked, coj\j\ÁriAc, -Aije. 

Advance, n., (1) going forward, (a) 
•out a*, a£ait) ; (b) poijv-céimni- 
ujAT), -i$te, ra.; (c) jveimruujjAt), 
-ijce, ra. ; (d) T)o > óuLcum uof A15. 
(2) Improvement, x>ui cum 
arm. See Advancement. 

Advance, v.t., to move forward, (a) 
x)o "out Ap a^ait) ; (b) -poij\óéim- 
mjim, -mjAt). 

(2) promote, exalt, (a) ajvoui- 
51m, -ujAt) : "o'Ájvouij fé é óf 
cionn pmormrAt), he advanced 
him above princes (Esth. 5, 11). 
(3)To prepay, -oo tAbAij\c j\oim pé. 
(4) To lend money (a) cAbAij\c 
aj\ lAfAóc ; (b) Aijai5itn, -lugAt) ; 
(c) Ai|\teACAim, -At)*, (d) Ai^eAt) 
•oo tAbAif\c AtnAC A|\ jAtmbin. 

Advanced, a. (in years), AorcA. 

Advancement, n., (1) progression, 
improvement, promotion, (a) cup 
A|\ AgAró ; (b) ueAóc óum cof A15 
(U) ; (c) cul^luAfACc, -a, /.; (2) 
social a., có5Ainc cirm. 

Advancing in years, A5 -out 1 n-Aoir\ 

Advantage, (1) benefit, (a) cAipbe, 
g. id. ra. : *oo X)eAX) ré níor mó 
Cum T)o tAi|\be, it would be more 
to your a. ; cpéAT> é au cAi|\be 
T)AmfA tufA "oo meAttAt), what 
is my a. in deceiving you ? ; (6) 
triAite, g. id. f. : mA|\ mAite 
ieAc -pém, for your own a. ; (c) 
5A|\, m. : there is no a. in com- 
plaining Cati j;a|\ a beit A5 CAf a- 
01-0; (Ul.'prov. 1358, H.M.), what, 
O King, would be the a. in con- 
cealing it ? 5oroé mo saj\ a beit 
/o'a Ceitc, a Tli$. 


( 35 ) 


(2) Profit, gain, (a) buncAifce 
g. id., pi. -ci, /.: small was the 
a. he derived from .it, if beAg 
-An b. a bi Aige Af ; it was little 
a. he had over him (said of two 
competitors), bA tteAj; An b. t>o 
bi Atge Ain ; (b) rocAn, -Ain, m.; 
a choice of advantages cojajaó 
focAin (-B. M.) ; (c) f A^ÁtxAf , 
-Aif , m.; (d) fjAbÁifce, g. id. m.; 
(e) bÁnn, -Áinn, m : it was of no 
a. to me, ní nAib Aon -furo T)'a 

bÁff AJJAm ; (/) ZO^AX), -AVO, 

-ncA, m.; (g) bfAbAc, -A15, m.; 
(/1) bnAbAT)Af, -Aif , m.; (i) ftum, 
-e, /. : it is turning out to my a., 
JZÁ féA^ "out cum finme "OAm. 

(3) Good, esp. moral good ; 
(a) teAf , -a, m., opp. to AimteAf,. 
moral injury, cf. : mAn Aon te 
5AC "onoic-fpionAix) eite acá A5 


cum AimteAf a An auitia, together 
with every other evil spirit 
that is going through the world 
for the injury of souls (prayer 
to St. Michael) ; 50 scinnro T)ia 
An "oo t. tú, may God direct you 
(said to persons who are going 
wrong) ; also A5 iAf nAro An XDia é 
"oo cnn An a t. 1 "ocAob AnmA -j 
cinnp (P. O'L.) .1. to the a. of both 
soul and body; if feÁnf Lcoinne 
ófotAc "o'a C01L nÁ bAnntAtu t>'a U, 
a man prefers an inch of his 
will to a bandle (2 ft.) of what 
is for his a. (Mun. prov.) ; *oo 
néin ua neite t>o jni. . . 05 t. 
nó AimteAf, according to our 
acts comes a. or harm (U. 
tTlAc X).) ; if you do such a 
thing it will not be to your a., 
mÁ ^nro cú a teitéiT) fin CAn 
é T)o l. é (Or.) ; he did so and 
it was to his a., nwne fé AmlAi-o 
-] btró é a t. é; f eAn v\a milxe gcteAf 
1 saw fiof Aije ca bfint a t. ; 

(5) for his own a., a\k a fon f ém. 

(4) Unfairness or partiality in 
distribution, LeAc-cumA, g. id. f. : 
while you get food like the rest 
it is not likely that any a. is 
taken of you, An cau seibin biA*o 
mAf cÁc ní cofrhAit gtif L.-c. 
fin (one) (Oss. iv. 124). 

(5) Mastery, superiority, buAit), 
g. -e and -at>a, pi. -ax)a, f. : 
lest Satan should get the a. 
of us, iD'eA^tA SÁCAÍn buAró "oo 
bfeiú ofAinn. 

To take advantage of, (a) T)iubAinc 
(unfair advantage), -a|\ca, /. : (b) 
x)o f iiAif f é f AiLL (-e, /.) Aif , he 
took an a. of him. 
To have the advantage of a per- 
son, cÁ buncÁifce nó LeAc-cumA 
ajac onm, you have the a. of me 
.1. I don't know you. 

Advantageous, a., profitable, use- 
ful, beneficial, (1) cAinbeAc-bige ; 
(2) buncÁif ceA<\ -cije; (3) f ocn ac 

(fOCAfAÓ), -A1je (4) fA^ÁlCAC, 


Advent, n., (1) season of devotion, 
the four weeks before Christ- 
mas, Arobemc, -e, /. (Lat. 
Adventus) ; ceAóc Án StÁnmj- 

(2) Coming, ceAóc, ind., m. 

Adventitious, a., accidental or 
casual, (1) ctucmeAc, -uuge ; (2) 
cnbAifueAc, -oge. 

Adventure, n., (1) a hazardous 
enterprise, (a) eAccnA, gen. id., 
pi., -AÍ, m.; (b) 10m túf, -a, m., 
generally used in the plural ; 
(c) uuf Af , -Aif , m. 

(2) A daring feat, ^uAif-beAnc, 
-beince, -a, /. 

(3) Mercantile speculation, 
aX)át\za\(, -111 n, m. 

(4) Incident happening with- 
out design and therefore in- 
volving danger, ceA^rhAf , -Aif , m. 


( 36 ) 


Adventure, v.t, (1) céróim Af 
eAócfA, lorntúf, 5«Aif-t>eAfC nó 


(2) To risk or hazard, ctnnim 
1 5ContAbAinc, 1 n^uAif, nó 1 
n^uAf acc ; my father fought 
for you and adventured his life 
far, xyo tnoro m'ACAin An bun 
fon i "oo ctun a An Am 1 nguAif 
nióin (Judg. 9, 17). 

Adventurer, n., eAócnÁnAC, -Aij, m.; 
also eAcunÁn, -Ám, m. 

Adventuresome, a., full of risk, (1) 
5UAir-£>eAncAó, -Ai^e ; (2) éAó- 
CArhAit, -rhtA. 

Adventurous, a, attended with risk 
or hazard, (1) concAbAinceAC, 
-ui£e ; (2) gtJAf a6, -Ait;e. 

Adverb, n., (Gram.), a word used 
to qualify a verb, participle, 
adjective or other adverb, (1) 
•ooi-bniAtAn, -Ain, m.; an inter- 
rogative a., "o. ceirceAC ; an a. 
of manner, x>. mo'óA ; an a. of 
place, "o. Áice ; an a. of time, 
*o. Aimpne ; (2) nénfioni At An, 
-Ain, m.; (3) -poin-nni AtAn, -Ain, m. 

Adverbial, a., pertaining to or of 
the nature of an adverb, (1) 
•ooibni &tA\?óA ; (2) f oinbni At nAc, 
-Aije ; (3) néim-bniAtnAc, -Aije. 

Adversary, n., an antagonist or 
opponent, (1) Áróbeinreoin (Áin- 
reoin), -ónA, -ní, m. (L. adversa- 
rius) ; (2) nÁtriAro, -yy\at>, pi. 
nAinroe, /.; (3) eAfCAfA, -cAf\AT>, 
-cÁin*oe, /.; néróaj 50 Lu At lex> 
eAfCAnAit), be at agreement with 
thy a. betimes (Mat. 5, 25). 

Adversative, a., expressing con- 
trariety, concnÁjVóA, ind. 

Adverse, a., opposed, conflicting, 
(1) co"OAnrnA, ind.; (2) con- 
«qvAtvoAC, -Ai§e ; (3) 1 n-AgAit> ; 
(4) 1 ^cowrie. 3 and 4 prep. 
phrases folld. by gen. 

Adverseness, n., opposition, (1) 
concnÁn*OAcc ; (2) co*OA|\rnAcc. 

Adversity, n., adverse fortune, (1) 
attended with trials, (a) cnuA'óÁit, 
-ÁtA, /.; (b) Annó, g. id. m.; (c) 
Anfóg, -015, m., remember them 
which suffer a. bio"0 ctumne Agtub 
An An T)ntíin5 -ptntm^eAf Atifój. 
(Heb. 13-3); (d) mí-féAn, -fém, 
m. ; (e) •oonAr -air m., in the day 
of a., 1 tó An *oonAir (Eccles 7-14). 

(2) With bad luck, (a) rní-Á-ó, 
-Áró, m.; (b) > oo-conÁc, -Áió, m. 

(3) Calamity, (a) AitiT>eife, g. 
id. /., who saved you from all 
your adversities, -oo f Aon fit) ó 
tiun n-tnte Awoeire. (1 Sam. 
10-19) ; (b) cubAifce, g. id. /.; Ann 
Af n-tnte tfiobtóiT) 1 tubAirce, 
in all our troubles and adver- 
sities ; (c) Arti^An , -Aif , m. ; (d) 
^ÁbAt) -Ait) m. ; who redeemed 
my soul out of all a., noc 'óftiAf- 
ctut rn'Anutn a\" jjac tnte jÁtiAT) 
(2 Sam., 4-9). 

Advert, v.i., to refer to, tuA'óAini, 
v.n. Uia'ó. 

Advertence, Avertency, n., atten- 
tion, notice, heedfulness, Aine- 
(acc), /. 

Advertent, a., attentive, heedful, 
AineAC, -fige. 

Advertise, v.t., to announce pub- 
licly, esp. by printed notice, (1) 
fógfAim, ~5Aifc ; (2) •ofeA^Aim, 

Advertised, a., announced pub- 
licly ; (1) f ó^Af tA, ind. ; (2) 
"ofeA^tA, ind. 

Advertisement, n., a public notice, 
esp. in a newspaper, (1) f ósAinc, 
-Apt a, /.; (2) "OfeAg, -a, -atwa, 
m.; (3) nAbAn, -aw, m. (G. B.). 

Advertiser, n., one who advertises, 
f ogAftoif ófA -fí m. 

Advertising, act of, n.; (1) *of eA^At), 
-$tA, m.; (2) f ó^fAt) -5Af tA m. 


( 37 ) 


Advice, (1) counsel, (a) corhAinte, 
g. id., pi. -eACA, f. : take a., 5A0 
(nó stAc) corfiAinte, it is easier 
to get a. than assistance, ip 
pur a c. "o'pAgAit nÁ CADAin ; it 
is easier to give than take a., 
ir pup a c. tAOAinc nÁ gtACAT) ; 
he is a bad man who will not 
take a,, but the man who takes 
every a. is a thousand times 
worse, if otc An peAn nAc ngtAc- 
pAi*ó c. At ip mite meA^A ay\ zé 
gtACAp j;ac uite ó. ; I will give you 
my a. if you care to have it, oéAn- 
pAit) mé (nó ciu£>f\Aro mé) c. *ouic 
mÁ'f ÁitteAc í jjtACxvo ; (0) Aice- 
^f5» ~ C1 T5> m - / ( c ) conpuAt, -Ait, 
m. (O'R.). 

(2) Commercial, (a) piop, gen. 
-pe-AfA, m.; (b) peótAt), -tcA, m. 

To follow advice, t>o 'óéAnAm "oo 
néin c. 

Bad advice, mí-comAinte ; "opoc- 

One who follows bad advice, "opoc- 
corhAipteAC, -U5, -tij;e, m. 

Advisable, a., (1) expedient, pru- 
dent, ioncomAif\tigte ; (2) ready 
to receive advice, docile, po- 
cotfiAinteAC, -ti$e. 

Advisableness, n., expediency, com- 
AiptigteAóc, -a, /. 

Advise, v.t., to counsel, to caution» 
corhAif\ti5im,-iu5A > o: comAipteóó- 
Ainn *ouic, I would a. you ; 5A0 
(no gtAc) mo ó. p e, be advised by 

(2) To persuade, coin-oeAt^Aim, 


Advised, a., counselled, cotiiAip- 

Advisedly, ad., by design, 50 

nAineAó ; T>'Aon coipj;. 
Adviser, n., one who advises, (1) 

coríiAinteAó, -tij, -ti$e, m.; (2) 

peAp-comAinte; peAn "oo corhAipte, 

peA|\ -o'puAtA, you detest your 
a. (Or.) ; bad adviser, *onoc- 
comAinteAC, -tig, m.; comAinte 
An •onoc-ComAinti§. 

Advising, n., the act of counselling, 
corhAintm^At), -ijte, m.; corhAin- 
teACAn, -aw, m. (1TI. t).), 

Advocacy, n. ; (1) AOCóroeAóc, -a, 
/.; (2) cA^nAt), -5A|vtx\, m. 

Advocate, n., one who pleads the 
cause of another ; (1) ADóóroeAó, 
gen. -"015, pi. -x>\%e, m.; mÁ pwne 
émneAó peACA*o acá AOcóroeAC 
A^Ainn a opocAip An ACA^p, if 
any man sin we have an a. 
with the Father, (1 John 2, 1) ; 
(2) cAs^fitoin, -ó|\a, -pí, m.; (3) 
eA*OAn-5int)teoin (spiritual a.) : 
An An Á*óbAppm, a eAT>Ap5uroteoip 
1 f snÁpcAmtA, iompu-15 *oo fuite 
cnócAineAóA opAinn, turn then 
most gracious a. thine eyes of 
mercy towards us. 

Adze, n. (cooper's), cÁt, -Áit, m. 

iEgis, n., a shield, p^iAt, -^éite, 
-a, /. 

Aerate, v.i., to combine or charge 
with gas, Aémm, -nA'ó. 

Aeration, n., exposure to the free 
action of the air, AépAt), -ca, m. 

Aerial, a., of or pertaining to the 
air, Aéipx)A, ind., Ae'óeApAc, -Aige. 

Aerified, a., having air infused into, 
Aém^ce, ind. 

Aerolite, n., a meteoric stone, 
AéjVAnc, -Ainu, m. (Aep, 1 Ape, a 

Aerology, n., the science which 
treats of the atmosphere, Aen- 
eótAf , -Aip, m. 

Aerometer, n., an instrument for 
ascertaining the density of air 
or gases, córhAp-Aép, -Aéip, m. 

Aerometry, n., the science of 
measuring air, Aen-tótriAr, -Aip, 


( 38 ) 


Aeronaut, n., an aerial navigator, 
Aef-feóUiróe, g. id., pi. -*óte, 

^Esthetics, n., the science of the 
beautiful, fséirh-eóUvp , -Aif , m. 

Afar, ad., at, to or from a great 
distance, (1) At>^AX>, when they 
saw him afar off, aw uaija x>o 
ConncA'oA^ é Áúip&T) uaca {Gen. 
37, 18) ; (2) imciAn, I will fetch 
my knowledge from afar, t»o 
fce-Ajvp-A mé m'eotAf Af unci An, 
(Job 36-3) ; in the isles afar off, 
-ArniftiA boiLeÁuAib imoiAUA (Jer. 
37-10) ; (3) zap teA|\ ; (4) 1 ^cém 
(a 5cém). 

Affability, n., courteousness in 
manner and conversation, (1) 
LAgAigeAoc, -a, /.; (2) fibiAtxAcc, 
/.; (3) T)eA5-5tóí\, -ói^, m., 
oweAó, -nij, m.; (4) míoóAij\e- 
(acc), /.; (5) fo-lAbAif\c, -X)A]\tA, 
f.; (6) eArtAbf\A, -X)A\\tA, /.; (7) 
mÁnLAóc, -a, f.; (8) fuLóAifie, o. 
id. / ; (9) foi|Aoe, g. id. f. ; 
(10) bfieAfnAroeAóu, -a, /., foitb- 
i^e(Acc). (11) ftiAijiceAf , -cif , m. 

Affable, a., receiving people kindly 
and conversing with them so- 
ciably, (1) affectionately amiable 

(a) 5|AAt)rhA|\, -Aifie ("PF. Lim.) (b) 
5j\Át)AmAit, -mtA ; (c) miocAif\, -e. 

(2) courteous, (a) tÁgAó,- Ai£e ; 

(b) fo-lAOAj\tA, ind. ; (c) eAf- 
tAbjAAc, -Aije ; (d) fibiAtcAC, 

^3) Pleasant and facetious, (a) 
f uai|ac, -e ; (b) f ulxrhAf, -Ai-pe ; 

(c) mÁntA, ind.; (d) fttLcAin, -e ; 

( e ) Sf^ 1 ™™^» ~<Aitte. 

(4) Easy, agreeable, (a) -poifib, 
-e ; (b) focmA, ind.; (c) fow- 
eAncA, ind. 

(5) Accessible, (a) cómtUró- 
ceAó, -05 e ; (&) bfeAfnAro, -e. 

(6) Mild, (a) cAoróeAmAil, -mta; 

(b) mémeArhAit, -mtA ; (c) caoui, 

(7) Lively, sprightly, pÁitbe, 
ind.; -pÁiti^óe (m. t).). 
Affableness. See Affability. 
Affably, ad., in an affable manner, 

50 LÁgAC, 50 fíblAtCA. 

Affair, n., (1) business, (a) 5110, gen. 
tA, pi. id. -caí, m. ; the affairs of 
this life, (a) ^nótAí An cpAojAit 
feo ; (5) gnótA nA beAtA fo. 

(2) Circumstance or thing, (a) 
nit), gen. id., pi. -neite, m., that 
ye might know our affairs, 50 
mbeATD pior nA neiteAnn bAineAf 
Unne AgAib-f e cf. Ephes 6, 22 ; (b) 
jura, gen. -|aot)a, pi. fitroAí, m. 

(3) Case, cvnf , -e, -eAnnA, /. 

(4) Idiom, if cumA -OAm, it is 
no a. of mine ; cf. if cum a tiom, 
I don't care, the a. does not 
interest me in the least. 

Affect, vt. (1) to influence or touch, 
if cumA "OAm, that does not a. 
. or touch me. 

(2) To act upon, (a) physically, 
•oo 501U, An -pion o-fim, the wine 
affected me ; (b) mentally, t»o 
501UI "oo T5éAt oj\m, your story 
affected me ; (c) it affected him 
so much, 501LL (nó *oo cuavo) 
fé aij\ cóm mófv fin ; (d) com- 
merially, niojA 501U, fm An An 
TiiAj^At), that did not affect the 
market (P. O'L.). 

(3) To pretend, tei^im (téipm 
U.) omri : he affected ignorance, 
T)o teig fé aij\ ^An -piof a belt 
Ai^e ; a. sickness, teig ofc 50 
bpuit cu cmn. 

Affectation, n., an attempt to 
assume what is neither real nor 
natural, (1) mAigeAmtAcc, -a, /.; 
(2) -po-|ACAmÁf, -Áif, m.; (3) *ó'á 
t,ei$;inc Aif ^u-n mófv An "oume é, 
pretending he was a great per- 
son; (4) 5ÁUAÓU, -a, /. (Or.). 


( 39 ) 


Affected, a., not natural or real, 
(1) CAmAr ac, -Aije ; (2) mAig- 
eArhAil, -tiitA. 

Affectedness. See Affectation. 

Affecting, a., pathetic, (1) 501UI- 
eAmnAc, -i£e ; (2) ^UiAifeAC, 

Affecting, n., acting upon ; (1) 501L- 
teoft, -tee, m : cá ct^uA'óAr ha 
riAimfi|ve A5 soitteAt) aij\, the 
severity of the weather is a. him 
(Or.) ; (2) the cold is a. them, 

€A Atl -pUACC Ag CUf OfVtA. 

Affection, n., a feeling, emotion or 
natural impulse swaying the 
mind, (1) love (a) -peA^c, -eific, 
m. (cf. W. serch ; Bret, serc'h, 
concubine). These two words 
are almost identical but reAjAC 
seems the stronger as in feA^c 
tf 51^*° ^ túj^Áf X)ox> rhAC, 
love and a. I gave your son ; 
5f\ÁT) 1 geAn xyo tAbAific, to give 
love and a. (b) ^Át>, -^ 1> °> 
and -a, m., without natural a. 
5An 5|aá*ó nAT>ú|\tA (Rom. 1-31) ; 
(e)5fiArom and 5|\eit)in , #ew. ->one; 
seldom used except in exclam- 
ations of approval, as mo gfVArow 
cf ome tú I (said to a person who 
has done anything very well). 

(2) A tender attachment but 
less than love, (a) ceAti, -a, m.; 
cÁ mo óeAn A|\ au 05-mtiAoi, my 
affections are fixed on the girl ; 
(b) cion, gen. ceAnA, m.; cá mong- 
nA'ó cion AgAm -pém aj\ cjaíc 
AtbAn (Irische T. II.2 115) í 
c|\é cion T>fvoc-mnÁ (Irische T. 
1.2, 13) ; (c) t;eAn, -a, m : ni 
ttí^Af *oí siaá'ó nó póf ^eAn, I 
did not give her love nor even 
a. ; the a. of every follower is lor 
his own coziness, geAn ^aó LeAn- 
cac a óuro AntifAóc (Con. prov., 
T. Con.) ; (d) cum Ann, -Awn, 
m.: ip puA|\ cumAnn nA CAilUge, 

cold is a hag's a. ; (e) AnnrAóu, 
-a, /. : mo .gfiá'ó A^tif m'AntifAóc 
no tu^Af "oi, I gave her my love 
and a. 

(3) Natural affection, (a) 
mtnnne, gen. id. f. (also mtnnn, 
-e, /., mtnnneir, -e, /., and mtnn) 
from which a múinnín, a term 
of endearment ; (b) zéA^Ap, -Ain, 
m. : ní't céAjAf lonnAc, there 
is not a bit of a. or good nature 
in you (W. Lim.) ; (c) cweÁlxAf , 
-Air, rn. 

(4) Friendly feeling, (a) com- 
bÁró, -e, /.; (b) cÁifVoeACAf, -Aif, 
m.; (c) edife, g. id. /.: ni j\Aib 
CfuiAij;e nÁ cÁire Aijje Ain, he 
had neither pity nor a. for him ; 
(d) lonrhAwe, g. id. /.; (e) caic- 
neAtri, -mm, m. (cAicneAtfi, m., 
U.), pAinc, -e, /. 

(5) Pious affection, (a) -oeij;- 
ttiiAn, -rhéme, /. (Donl.) ; (b) 
"oeAg-Aijne, g. id. mi; (c) Tnoj- 
l\Aif, -e, /. 

(6) Noble affection, fAOfv-jeAn, 
-a, m. 

Affectionate woman, (1) beAn jeAn- 
AriiAit ; (2) CA01T1Ó5, -oige, -a, /. 

Affectionate, a., having affection 
or warm regard, (1) geAnAttiAil, 
-ttitA : if mime a bí gfiÁnnA 5. 
"I x)AtAmAit T)onA, it is often an 
ugly woman was a. and a 
handsome one " bad goods "; 
(2) cAitneAttiAc, -Aije ; (3) cum- 
AmvoA, ind.; (4) AnnfAó, -Aige ; 
(5)mui|\neAó,-ni5e; (6)5|\ÁX)mA|A, 
-Aine. See Affection. 

Affectionateness, n., fondness, (1) 
^eAnAítiAtAóc, -a, /. ; (2) caic- 
neArhAcc, etc. 

Affectionate girl, n., mni^neó^, 
-óise, -a, /. 

Affiance, 5., (1) marriage contract 
or promise, plighting faith, (a) 
céitjeAttAttiAin , -rhnA, /. ; (b) 


( 40 ) 


céiljeALUvó, -Ixa, m.; (c) tuAtt, 
-Aróce, m.; tAitfigeALLAtfiAin, /. 
(2) Trust, faith, *oóóAf , -Aif, m. 
Affiance, i?.£., to betroth, (1) ^eAU,- 
auti, -LAt) and -tAtfiAin ; (2) 
tuAT)Aim, v.w. huA'ó ; (3) *oÁil,im, 


Affianced, p.a., (1) póf-geAUxA, 
míL; (2) tnórote, ind.; (3) 
tuAVóce, ind.; mo CAiUn, óiúw, 
futiAnróA *oo Uíat) tiotn 'f cú 
'•o teAtib, my mild, sedate girl 
who was a. to me while yet a 

Affidavit, n., a sworn statement in 
writing, •oeAftbrhóro, -e, -i, /. 
(M.) ; rrnonnA fSfúobtA (Con. 
and U.). 

Affiliate, #.£., (1) to adopt (see 
Adopt) ; (2) to fix paternity, 

ACAIfVOim, -A\\?>A*Ó. 

Affiliation, n., (1) adoption (which 
see) ; (2) the establishment of 
parentage, acajvóa'ó, -avo, m. 

Affinity, n., (1) relationship by mar- 
riage, (1) cleAtrmAf , -Aif, m.; (b) 
"OAljAol, -oil, m.\ nó 5aoL "oo 
tAoib pófCA (O'Beg.). 

(2) Close agreement, coirhneAf , 
-nif and -neAfA, m. 

Affirm, v.t., to assert positively, (1) 
*oeAj\bui5im, -ujjAt) ; (2) "oenfi- 
nijjim, -iu^a'ó ; (3) concA5|VAim, 


Affirmable, a., capable of being 
affirmed, itroeAf\btA. 

Affirmation, n., a positive state- 
ment, (1) x>eApX)A*ó, -X)tA, m.; (2) 
x>eA\\X)u^At),-w^te,m.; (3)T>eirii- 
mgteAóc, -a, /.; (4) conuASAifvc, 

-Apt A, f. 

Affirmative, a., that which affirms, 

•oeirhrngte-AC, -tige. 
Affirmed, a., positive, *oeAj\bcA, 

ind. ; "oeirnnrgte, ind. 
Affirmer, n., one who affirms, 

x>eA\\X)tóM(\, -ó\\a, -fií, m. 

Affirming, n., the act of stating 
positively, (1) "o eating a-o, -ui^ce, 
m. : a$ 'oeAfxbugA'ó éiti$, affirm- 
ing falsehood ; (2) ^eirrmiusAo, 
-igte m. 

Affirming on oath, n., "oeAfib- 
túóroeAcc, -a, /. 

Affix, v.t., to attach, unite or 
connect with, (1) coirhjjAeAtrmig- 
irrij-tigAt); (2) corrmAf5Aim ; (3) 
*oo óeAn^At ieif ; (4)t)octit\ teif. 

Affix, n., one or more letters or 
syllables added at the end of a 
word, lAjufiijA, -e, pi. -rhiojvA, /. 

Afflict, v.t., to trouble grievously, 
buATOjum, -'ófveAó ; (2) cjvÁ'OAirn, 
v.n. ci^&ó. 

Afflation, n., a blowing or breath- 
ing on, féroeAó, -T)úe, m. 

Afflicted, a., troubled, harassed, 
tormented, (1) bu AroeAfAtA, ind.; 
(2) cjvÁróce, ind.; (3) ceAfnuig- 
te, ind. 

Afflicter, n., one who afflicts, buAro- 
eA|Atói|A, -ójvd, ~pi, m. 

Afflicting, a., distressing, harassing, 
(1) TtobpónAc, -Aije ; (2) A€tiij\- 
f eAó, -f ije ; (3) ArhsAjvAC, -Ai$e ; 
(4) LeAt-cjAomAc, -Aije. See Af- 

Affliction, n. t a prolonged state of 
mental or bodily suffering, (1) 
grief, (a) *oob|\ón, -óin, m.; (b) 
curhA, g., -At), /.; (c) THAncfAX), 
m. ; (d) Acui|\fe, i/. id. /.; (e) 
ir>5itv, -e, -Í, /. 

(2) Sorrow, (a) bjAón, -óm, m.; 
(b) téAn, -éin, -ncA, m. : j?aoi 
téAti, under affliction ; (c) ctufvfe 
(cuffA, Don.), g. id. /.; (d)'oótÁf, 
-Áif , m. (c/. L. dolor, grief) ; (e) 
"ooitgeAf, -py , m. 

(3) Pain or suffering, (á) pÁir-, 
-e, /.; (b) céAfAt), -fCA, m.; (c) 
piAHAX>, -nuA, m.; (d) peArmAvo, 
-e, /.; (e) c^of -oife, -a, /.; (/) 
f5iúi|\re, g. id. pi. -p, /• 


( 41 ) 


(4) Grievous distress, (a) AvhsA^ 
(An<5A|\, Con.), -aij\, m.; (b) awa- 
caij\ (An-focAif), -cj\ac, /.; (c) 
AinT>eir e, g. id /. ; (d) An? óg, 
-015, m.: there is no joy without 
a,., m'L fój jau Anfóg (Con. 
prov., T. Con.). 

(5) Trouble, (a) buAi*oneArh, 
-t>eA]\tA, m.; (b) buAróif\c, #en. 
-t>eAptA, /. : cat) é av\ btiAróif\c 
acá oj\c pém (Oss., vol. iv.) ; 
(c) teAú-cnom, -cfuiim, m.; (d) 
rníofuAirhneAf , -nif , m. ; (e) 
rnéAnAt), -Am, -Arte, m. (Din.). 

(6) Calamity, (a) "oojuAmn, -e, 
-eACA, /.; (b) "oon^f, -Aif, m.; 

(c) téon, -óin, -ncA, m. (Din.) ; 

(d) an affliction, teónAt), -ncA, 
m. (Din.) ; (e) lomAjvo, -aijvo, m. 

Afflictive, a., distressing, (1) buATV 
AptAc, -Aije ; (2) cjvÁróceAC, 

Affluence, n., wealth, profusion, 
(1) LionrhAif\eAcc, -a, /.; (2) 
conÁó, -Áic, m.; (3) fAi"óbf\eAf, 
-bfUf , m. ; (4) fCfió, iwei. m.; (5) 
|\AómAf, -Aif, m.; (6) fc^uf, -a, 
m.; (7) ionrhu-p, -a, m. 

Affluent, a., wealthy, (1) fArobif\, 
-b^e ; (2) f c^ó, ind.: if you are the 
son of a rustic, with whom it 
was customary to be herding 
sheep, pigs and cows, and though 
none of your people knew the 
Lord's Prayer, let that pass 
since you are affluent, mA'f ™ac 
botDAij; ix\ x)'a|\ "dual a beit 
tnbun CAOfAó muc nó bó 'f naó 
f\Aib An pAroi|\ A5 x>o rhuwnof 
leij; fin tA\\z ó rÁ cú rcnó 
(Lav. "K" b.). 

Afforest, v.t., to convert into a 
forest, Atcoiltcijim, -1115AT). 

Afforestation, n., the act of con- 
verting into a forest, Atcoi1Xciu$- 
At), -igte, m. 

Afford, v.i., (1) to give forth, offer, 

or supply, T)Áitim, v.n. T>Áit. 

(2) To bear without loss : 
I cannot a. to lose a day, ni'L 
Aon Acpuwn AgAm (a\k) LÁ a 
cAitteAttiAinc ; bA ifiófi Liom LÁ 
x>o 6. 
Affranchise, v.i., to make free, 

T)0 X)éAnAfh fAO|\. 

Affray, n. , a tumultuous disturbance 
of the peace, (1) a quarrel, (a) 
bjMii^eAn, -gne, -geAncA, /.; (b) 
cfvoro, -ot>a, pi. id. /.; (c) 
cAifmi|\c, -e, -Í, /.; (d) nri^eA-p, 
-f\if , m. 

(2) Brawl, (a) buAroijtc, 
-x^eAjAtA, /.; (0) ciApÁit, -áLa, 
/.; (c) AójAAnn, -Ainn, m.; (d) 
connfpóro, -e, -Í, /.; (e) ceAnn- 
A1|AC, -e, /. 

The Irish words under " quar- 
rel " indicate more blows than 
talk, while those under Brawl 
generally signify a war of words. 

Affright, v.t., to frighten, to alarm, 
(1) f 5 Ann f 11151 m (fSAnfunjim, 
Don.), -ugAt) ; (2) fjeon 11151m, 
-145AX) ; (3) (im)eA5tni5im, -115ATV, 
(4) ctn|\im fgeón 1. 

Affrighted, a., frightened, alarmed, 
imeAgUnjce : ^tACAimít) nó 5LAC- 
Amuro f^AnnfAt) (nó ^lACAnn 
iiAtbÁf fmn), we get a. 

Affrighting, n., the act of frighten- 
ing or alarming, (1) fgAnnAnjAit, 
-e, /., and -p^AnnntigAX), -tngte, 
m.; (2) imeA^tugAT), -tngte, m.; 

(3) puAfc^At), -caj\£a, m. (Din.) ; 

(4) A3 cuf f^eón 1. 

Affront, n., intentional disrespect, 
insult, (1) Aióf, -e, -1, /.; (2) 
cotfiCAmnc, -e, /.; (3) mAftA, 
gen. id., -a\, m. ; (4) míoóÁ-óAf , 
-Aif , m.; (5) A|\mAi|\(e), /. (Din.). 

Affront, v.t., to insult one to one's 
face, (1) mAfUngnn, -ii^at) ; (2) 
cA|\ótnfni$im, -mjAX) ; (3) Aitif- 
151m, -1115AX); (4) nÁifijim, itijjAT). 


( 42 ) 


Affronted, n., insulted openly, 

(1) tm-AfUnjte, ind.; (2) nÁijujte, 

Affronter, ni\ one who insults a 
person to his face, Aitrpeói-p, 
-ój\a, -fví, m. 

Affronting, n., the act of insulting 
openly, (1) nÁifuujA'ó, -ijte, m.; 

(2) Aj\inAij\eAC€, -a, /. 
Affrontive, a., tending to affront, 

AitireAC, -fi$e. 
Alire, ad., on fire, A-p ueme (Ap 

^n *ocewe, onthefire), c|\iteine; 

pé teme, c-pé teme, c-pé tAfA*o, 

te ceme (III:). 
Aflame, ad., glowing with light or 

passion, aj\ *oe.4-|A5tAf at). 
Afloat, ad., borne on the water. 

on board ship, (1) aj\ feotAT) ; 

(2) Aj\ -pnArh : to set a ship afloat, 

tons T)o cui|\ A|\ fnÁifi ; (3) -pÁ 

Afoot, ad., on foot, astir, in pro- 
gress, (1) Af C01f ; (2) Aft f 1ÚftAt. 

Aforementioned, a., previously 
mentioned, (1) féArh|\Ároue, 
ind.; (2) ^éArhUiAvoce, ind. 

Aforenamed, a., named before, 
-péAtfiAinmnijte, ind. 

Aforesaid, a., said before, (1) 
lAéArhfvÁróue, ind. ; (2) -pof- 
fVAroce, ind. 

Aforethought, n., premeditation, 
lAéAtrifmtiAineArh, -turn, m.; |\éArh- 
fmuAineAt), -nee. 

Aforetime, ad., in time past, for- 
merly, (1) -pAn Aim-pi|v foirhe : 
he prayed .... as he did a., 
t»o guro f é . . . . mAf no jníot) 
fé -pAn AimfiiA -po-niie (Dan. 
6, 10) ; (2) 1 n-AUó*o ; (3) fvoirii 
f\é ; (4) ceAnA ; (5) ipAX>ó. 

Afraid, a., in fear, (1) eA^tAC : cÁim 
eA^tAc a -pÁ'ó, I am a. to say ; 
if eA^At liom, if bAojAt tiom 
nó cá eAgtA o|\m, I am a. ; ni 
leigpeAt) An eA^tA x>o, he was 

too much a. ; uá eA^tA oj\m 
-f\otriAc, I am a. of you ; bico» 

eAgtA Of\t AgtJf ni bAOJAt "owe, 

be a. and you need not fear ; — 
a. (terribly) imeA^tAó ; (2) orh- 
nAc, -Aije (uAnrmeAó, -mje, tiAtfi- 
nAó, -Aije) ; (3) -pAicóíof ac, -Aije,. 
I am afraid, z& -pAicciof of\m ; 
(4) idiom, as cAbAifc uaúa. 

Afresh, ad., anew, (1) 50 ntiAt) ;. 
(2) 50 rm-p ; (3) Aj\irc (again, 
once more). 

Afront, ad., in front of, Ap a^ait). 

Aft, ad., astern, (1) aj\ gcút ; (2) 

Af\ T)ei|AeAT) ", (3) Af fJAipjA. 

After, a., (1) later in time, subse- 
quent, te ceAóc ; the after-life r 
the hereafter, An c-Am te ceAóc ; 
An f AojAt eile ; in after days,. 
1 tAete te ceACc. 

(2) Hinder, near the rear, iaji ; 
after ages, iaj\ Aof a, iaj\ AimfeAf\A ; 
afternoon, lAfnóin, -ón a, /. 

After, prep., (1) in place, 
1 uthaiX), a n^Am ; a. me, Am* 
•oia-i-o ; a. you, at>' •óiaix) ; one 
a. another, 1 n^iAi'ó a óéite ; 

•01 Alt) AfV TYOIArO. 

(2) Below in rank, next in 
order, 1 m)iAro ; after James, 
John is the best man among 
you, 1 n'oiAi'ó ÓéAtntnf , if é SeA$Án 
An -peA|\ if -peAff\ o|\Aib. 

(3) Later in time, subsequent, 
(a) cA^éif : a. the battle of 
Gavra, c. caca ^^jva » a * 
saying that, z. fin a fvÁt) ; a. 
doing it, c. a x>éAv\zA ; a. writing 
the letter, u. tia tic|\e *oo 
f^lxiobAt) ; (b) T)'éif ; a. the 
Fenians, T>'éif ua b^iAnn ; from 
every new crowd to the crowd 
a. it, ó 5AC t)|UJin5 ntiAt) *oo'n 
•o^uing T)'a néif ; (c) 1 n-éi 
(C7. and Con.) : he is a. breaking 
the window, cá fé 1 n-éif íia 
■pumneói^e a b|AiféA"ó ; (d) 'n-A 


( 43 ) 


•óiavó : the day a. that he pre- 
pared for the road, An tA n-A 
■oiAró rm t>o jtéAf f é a ton ; 
and a. that came his brother 
out, "| 'n-A *óiAro rm tAmij; a 
'óeAftófiÁtAifx axwac {Gen. 25, 26) ; 
(e) iajv, An : a. hearing that the 
lot had fallen on her son, iAn 
gctof "OÍ aw cnAnncun "oo tmcim 
An a mAc ; a. they got home, 
AfA n*otit AbAite *óóit) ; a. they 
had lifted it, An a íó^Ait T>oib ; 
a thousand cows a. calving, mite 
bó A|\ mbneit Lao$ (t. ua 5c 66) ; 
(/) a bAitte : a. that, a bAitte 

After a while, 1 gceAnn cAmAitt; 
fAoi ceAnn CAmAitt. 

Da?/ after day, LA aji tA ; ó 
tó 50 tó ; ó tA 50 tA. 

(4) Subsequent to and in con- 
sequence of, cAféif : a. what 
you have said I shall be careful 
cAnéif a nx)tibnAif bero mé 


(5) Subsequent to and not- 
withstanding ; a. all our advice 
you followed your own course, 
CAnéif An scótriAinte tnte te.An.Aif 
T>o ftije fern. 

(6) Following, in search of, in 
pursuit of, 1 TToiAro, a. whom 
dost thou pursue ? cia 1 troiAit) 

A bfUlt Ctl A£ tOfSAIfeACC (1 

Sam. 24, 14). 

(7) After the manner of, in 
imitation of, in conformity with, 
(a) X)o |\éifv : a. the ancient custom, 
t>o néin An cf eAnnóif ; a. the 
French fashion, x>o néif nóif 
ha b^nAnncAC ; a. the name of 
his son, -co néin AnmA a mic 
(Gen. 4, 17) ; (b) Ay : a. the 
French fashion, An nór ha 
bPfVAnncAc; An T)ói§ (U.). 

(8) According to, in conformity 
with the nature of, t>o néin : 

he shall not judge a. the sight 
of his eyes, ní 'oéAnpAit) ré 
bneiteAmnAf t>o néin fuvoAinc a 
fnt ; they that are a. the flesh, 
An T>n eAtn acA T)o néin nA f eótA. 

After, ad., subsequently in time 
or place ; with those that shall 
come after them, A5 An T>neAm 
tiocf Af 'n-A nTHAiT) (Eccles. 1, 11). 

After all, ad., when everything has 
been considered, (1) p A "óeóit) ; 
(2) fAoi, ré, nó f A -oeineAt) ; (3) 

Cf éf AVI Cf AOJAlt ; *00 póf f í 

é cf éf (cAf éif ) An tf A05A1U she 
married him after all ; (4) 1 
tyoiai*ó fin if tnte (Don.), 'n-A 
'óiAi'ófAn if tnte (M.). 

After-birth, n., the placenta, (1) 
beifeACAf, -Aif, m.; (2) bnojAif, 
-e, -eAnnA, /.; (3) bnorhAif, -e y 
/.; (4) lAfuAtAc, -A15, m.; (5) 
f f AbAt, -Ait ; (6) lAfbneit, -e, /. 

After-birth of a cow, (1) gtAnAt), 
-ncA ; (2) fCfAopAn, -Am, m., nó 
fc-popAn, -Am, m.; (4) rtAnujA'O, 
-mgte, m. (ft An At), -nuA, m., 

After-clap, n., an unexpected sub- 
sequent event, (1) iAinptéAf5 r 
-éifje, -Ann a, /.; (2) lAnmbtntte, 
g. id., pi. -Í, m. 

After-cost, n., AtcofCAf, -Aif, m. 

After-course, n., iAinnéim, -e, 
-eAnnA, /. 

After-crop, n., a second crop in 
the same year, (1) AtbÁw ; (2) 

•OAfA-bAff , -Ainf . 

After-days, ua tAete te ceAcr. 

After-effect, n., lAnfmA, m. 

After-glow, n., lAn^ttif, m. 

After-grass, n., the grass that 
grows after the first crop has 
been mown, AtpéAn , lAinpéAn , m.; 
cttm, -úm, m. (Don.) ; fpeAtAT), 
-Am, m.; AtAiti (Ker.) ; AtfAf , 
-Aif , m. 

After-growth, n., An VApA f Af. 


( 44 ) 


After-hours, n., iAfuiAifib, m. 

After-life, n., lAnfAogAt, -ail, m. 

After-game, n., lAfóUnce. 

Aftermath. See After-grass. 

Aftermost, a., >oeineAnAC, -Aij;e. 

Afternoon, n., (1) cnÁtnónA, g. id., 
pi. -ncA and -ai, m.; (2) lAnnom, 
-ónA, f. 

After-pains, n., the pains which 
succeed childbirth, AitpiAncA, 
m.; Ait-cmneAf ctoinne, m. 

After-proof, n., Ait > óeAnbu5A > ó, 
-in£te, m. 

After-reckoning, n., lAnóórhAineAm, 
-nnfi, m. 

After-repentance, n., AitneAóAf, 
-Aif , m. 

After-sting, n., At^At m. 

After-taste, n., AtbtAf, -Aif, m. 

After- thought, n., AtfrnuAmeA-o, 
-nee, m. 

After- times, n., iAnAimrineACA. 

After-tomorrow, (1) AtnugAt) mÁn- 
At ; (2) AmAnóntAn ; (3) Anoin- 
ce^ (O'Don. Gram. 264) ; (4) 
ntn Ar\ oinceAf. 

Afterwards, Afterward, ad., at a 
later time, (1) 'n-A >óiAró fin : a. 
shall thy hands be strengthened, 
'n-A "Oiavó fin neAncóóAn "oo 
tArhA ; a. Jesus findeth him in 
the temple, fUAin íofA é 'n-A 
*óiai*o mn AnnfA ceAmpAlX (John 
5, 14) ; he a. destroyed them 
that believed not, fsfiof V& ' n ~ A 
*oiait) fin An *oneAm nAn cneiT) 
(Jude 5) ; (2) iaji fin : a. he 
will let you go, iAf rm teigp'ó 
fé "óíb imteAóu. 

Afterwise, a., wise after the event 
or when it is too late, AitófíonnA. 

After-wit, n., wisdom that comes 
after the opportunity, Aitóníonn- 
aóc, -a, /.; AitciAtt, -céitte, /.; 
ciAtt ceAnnAi£. 
Again, ad., another time, once 
more, anew, (1) Anif : if a man die 

shall he live a. % mÁ geib "oume 
t»Áf aw mbero fé beó Anif (Job 
14, 14) ; again and again, Afíf 
if Anif ; (2) uAin eite ; (3) try 
a., (a) -péAC Afíf (Don.) ; (b) 
CAbAin iA|\-f\Aóc eite f aoi ; (4) 


Again, in verbal combinations, (1) 
Aif , eif , prefix implying repeti- 
tion : eireif5im, I rise a. ; (2) 
•pfiit-, as -pjucteijeAm, reading a.; 

Against, prep., (1) opposite to, 
facing, towards, óf cowne : over 
a. the house, óf comne aw cige. 

(2) In contact with, (a) 1 
Scowne : the hail is beating a. 

" the window, cá An cloicfneACCA 
A5 buAtA"ó 1 ^comne (1 n-A^Ait)) 
nA f umneói^e ; (b) teif : he put 
his back a. the door, *oo ctnn f é 
a x)|\otTi teif An "oof Af ; he 
turned a. him, "o'-iomptnj; fé a 
tAfh teif . 

(3) In opposition to, hence 
adverse, (a) 1 n-A£AiT> : his hand 
shall be a. every man and every 
man's hand a. him, beró a LÁm 
1 n-AjAi'ó 5AÓ Aon Tunne i LÁm 
5Aó Aon T)tnne 'n-A Aj;Aró (Gen. 
16, 12) ; twist a. turn and 
turn a. twist, con 1 n-AgAi-o 
An c.Aim Aguf CAm 1 n-AjArá 
An coin ; a. each other, 1 n-A. 
a Céíte ; a. the wind, 1 n-A. 
nA 5A0ice. 

1 n-A. An cfnotA x>o tomf Awn 
mo téme 

A fúiL cném' co'oIat) te co^An 
mo Céite. 

My chemise I dipped a. the 

Hoping my sweetheart the gar- 
ment would turn. 

— B. M. 

1 nA. mo com Anf An nó m'AnAm 

bocc pern (P. L.), a. my neigh- 


( 45 ) 


bour or my own poor soul ; 
eijvge 'n-A 4541*0, to rise up a. 
him ; (b) 1 scowne, 1 5c. nA 
5Aoite, a. the wind ; cutfi f í 
1 5c. a céite ia-o, she set them 
a. each other ; everything is 
going a. him, uá 5AC nró* &% 
'out 'n-A comne ; (c) 1 mbéAt : a. 
the wind, 1 mb. nA gAoite ; (d) 1 
ri'éAX)Ar\ : a. the stream, 1 n-éA-oAn 
ha bAbAnn ; (e) aj\ : (i) seA^Án t>o 
cun ifce-Aó Ai|v, to lodge a com- 
plaint a. him ; otc x>o *óéAnAm 
aji 'Otune, to do wrong a. a per- 
son ; -mneófxvo nó rseicpeAt) o-pc, 
I will inform a. you ; (ii) after 
verbs of defending, guarding, 
keeping, protecting, preserving, 
securing, sheltering, shielding, 
etc., aj\ : as coire-ónAT) An cAitín 
aij\, I will defend the girl 
a. him ; coimeAT^Aii) mé ah 
T>o|\Af ai|a, I will guard the 
door a. him ; guard yourself 
a. the wiles of Fionn, coirhéAO 
tú -pém An ceAt^AiD £mn ; the 
goal was going a. him, bí An 
iomÁm nó An bÁine A5 •out Ain ; 
if cofUArh A|\ ceme é, it is a 
protection a. fire. 

(4) In preparation for, so as 
to be ready for the time when, 
cum : a. the time that is ap- 
proaching you, c. nA bAimmne 


Agate, n., a semi-pellucid but 
uncrystallized quartz, (1) ^Ain^, 
-e, /.; (2) A5AC, -Aic, m. (Ex. 28, 

Age, (1) of man, Aoir, -e, pi. Aof a, /.: 
ní't Aoif *ótiine compvo te bAoir 
■pionnoi^e, the age of man is 
not so long as the age of a 
crow (O'Beg.) ; in the flower of 
their age, 1 f^oic & n-Aoire 
(1 Sam. 2, 33); he is of a., 
ACÁ Aoir Ai^e (John 9, 21) ; a 

Aoir , a riAoir, a n-Aoif , his, her 
their age ; gen. ptún Aoire, the 
prime of life (O'Beg.) ; ciAtt te 
coir nA bAorpe, sense at the foot 
of a. .1. sense comes with age 
(prov.) ; -peA-p m' Aoire, a man 
of my age ; dat., ni tA^Amn 
(crgeAnn) ciaLL noirn Aoir, wis- 
dom does not come before 
man (P. L.). 

Old age, Aoir is used for old 
age, as : ir *oeAr An nu*o au 
015 e acc if bocc An juro An Aoif , 
youth is a fine, but old age a 
poor thing ; reAnAoir ; conn- 
Aoif ; ca connAoif rhAic Ar^e, 
he is of a good old a. ; of the 
same a., comAovp ; in M. com 
nAoif ; mo ComnAoif , a man 
of my own a. 

What age are you, (1) cá bAoir 
t>uic (M.) ; (2) cAt) Í An Aoir 
ACÁ A5AC (Con.) ; (3) CAroé An 
Aoif aca A&AZ (U.) ; cá mé 
beinc ir teitóeAnn, I am two and 
a bit, said a Donegal child ; cá 
Aoir cúplA beAjvAó eAT)fVAinn, 
said one Donegal man to another 
.1. there is the age of a couple 
of two-year-old heifers between 
Ages of man, (1) nAoróeAncAcc, -a, /. 
(to seven years) ; (2) teAnbA-ró- 
eAóc, -a, /. (7 to 14 masc, 
7 to 12 fern.) ; (3) ó^ÁncAóc, -a, 
/. (14-21 mas., 12-18 fern.) ; (4) 
mACAomAcc (21-28 masc., 18-25 
fern.) ; (5) peAjvóAcc (to 50) ; (6) 
feAnóifveAcu nó ÁnrAi'úeAcc (to 
70) ; (7) AttAoccAcu no AOf óaic- 
ceAóc (70 till death). 

(2) A generation (a) *oine, g. 
id., pi. -eACA, /. : through all 
ages, ó t)íne 50 *oine (Ephes. 
3, 21) ; (b) -pAogAt, -ah, pi. id. 
and -jAtCA, m. (cf. L. sseculum) ; 
(c) AimreAj\, -fine, pi. -a, /, : 


( 46 ) 


which in other ages was not 
made known to the sons of 
men, noc ^nA ti'Attny»eAfiAit) eite 
riÁf\ poiUfigeAt) "oo clAnnAib tia 
n-OAowe (Ephes. 3, 5). 

Ages ago, zá fé wa ciauca ó 
foin, it is ages ago. 

Aged, n., Uicc Aoire : two-thirds 
of sickness with the aged, *óá 
"ocfUAti cirmif A5 Uicc Aoife. 

Aged, a., old, (1) AorcA; tanAo-pcA, 
very aged ; (2) feAn ; (3) Áf\rAró ; 
(4) cj\íonnA ; (5) bUA'óAnuArhAit, 
-ríitA ; (6) Áf\fA(ó) ; (7) y eAr\x>A ; 
(8) -poif\tite (polype). 

Agency, n., instrumentality, (1) 
jníottiuj^T), -urgte, m. ; (2) 
gniotfiACAf , -Aif, m. ; (3) ^níorh- 
AifieAóc, -a, /. 

Agent, n., one who acts for or in 
the place of another, (1) tnntHAe, 
g. id., pi. -f\i, m.; (2) jniottiuroe, 
g. id., pi. -*óte, m ; (3) gniorh- 
A*oóin, -ójaa, -|aí, m.; (4) ^níorh- 
tói|\, ml; (5) f\eAócAine, #. id., 
pl. -j\í, m. : triAoj\ nó feAccAi-pe 
An tAío$ (B.LL. II. 94, 4) ; (6) 
peAf\ 10T1-A1X) ; (7) teAtinAitAe, #. 
id., pl. -|\í, m.; (8) Uicc peA'ómA, 

Commercial Agent, cuntitAe 
SnótA (T. Con.). 

Agentship, n., the business of an 
agent, (1) otntitAeACc, -a, f.; (2) 
5uíorhtói|\eAóc, -a, /. 

Agglutinant, a., uniting as glue, 
CÁCAÓ, -Aije. 

Aggrandize, v.t., (I) to make great, 
tnótAAitn, -a*ó. 

(2) To ennoble, uAirUtjmi, 

(3) To exalt, ajvo 11151111, -ugA'ó. 

(4) To make illustrious, oitto- 
eAtACAim, -aid. 

Aggrandizement, n., exaltation, 
making great, noble or illus- 
trious, (1) motuigA-o, -ingte, m. ; 

(2) tneATDujAt), -in^te, m.; (3) 

uAiftiu^At), -ijte, m. ; (4) oua- 

> óeA|\CA > ó, -ctA, m. 
Aggrandiser, n., one who makes 

great, uAirLigteóitA. -ój\a, -\ú, m. 
Aggravate, v.t., to exaggerate, (1) 

(AnutAomurgitn, -115AT). 

(2) To exasperate, to provoke, 
■peA|\5Aim, -At> ; peAtA^vngun, 

(3) To make worse, •oeAtiAun 
nío-p meAfA. 

Aggravation, n., piovocation. (1) 

-peAIAJAT), -~st a, m. 

(2) Making worse, A5 cun 1 

n-otCAf ; A5 cuj\ curn otcAif . 
Aggregate, v.t., to collect into a 

mass or sum, cjui 11111151111, -mgAt). 
Aggregation, n., collection into a 

mass or sum, ctunrmiti5A > ó, -i$ce, 

Aggression, n., the first attack, 

iontifAi5e, g. id m. 
Aggressiveness, n., the quality of 

being aggressive, lonnrAigeAcc, 

-a f. 
Aggressive, a., unjustly a tack'ng, 

(1) ioriTif AigteAc, -tige ; 2) corh- 

tAAiceAó, -C15C 
Aggressor, n., the person who fi st 

attacks, (1) ceA5rhÁlAó (nó 

ceAn5ríiÁlAc), -A15, m.; (2 ceA5~ 

tfiÁUiroe ; (3) cioiif5Ancói|\ ; (4) 

lonnfAigteAc. -C15, m. 
Aggrieve, v.'., to give pain or 

sorrow to, (1) ciApAim, -a'ó ; (2) 

cjiáróim, v.n. cftÁ'ó. 
Aggrieved, a., pained, afflicted, 

Aghast, a., terrified, uAtbÁrAó; t>o 

5Ab f 5 Ann tA At) é, he was a. 
Agile, a., nimble, active, (1) cApAró, 

-e ; (2) eAfSATO, -e ; (3) meA^, 

g. s. /., tmtAe ; (4) UítrhAtA, -Aij\e ; 

(5) f5eotAti5, -Aiii5e ; (6) aiciU,- 

voe, ind. 


( 47 ) 


Agileness,} n., nimbleness, activity 
Agility, f (1) éAfgAi'óeAcc ; (2) 
tútrhA^ACC, -a, /.; (3) UiAtAf, 
-Air, m.; (4) Aicitti'óeACc, -a, /.; 
(5) tApAcc, -a, /. ; (6) tút, 
-uit and -a, m. ; (7) tuAice, 
/.; (8) tútmAif\eAóc, -a, /!; (9) 
tuAiteAcc, -a, /.; (10) UiAiteAt), 
-tro,m.; (11) cjMce, #. id. /.; (12) 

C]MCeAÓU, -a, /. 

Aging, n., growing old, aj "out 1 

Agistment, n., taking in cattle to 
graze at a price, (1) -péAfiAó, 
-A15, m.; (2) bmn, -e, /.; bÁj\f\ 
bmne was the beast thrown in 
free " for luck," like ctntteAm, 
the bit " for luck " thrown in 
in weighing or measuring. 
Agitate, v.t., to excite, to perturb, 
to disturb, (1) co^junjim, -115^*0 
and -ge ; (2) buArójnm, -fveA*ó ; 
(3) -|AUAitn 1151m, -itigAt) (make 
muddy, perhaps from fuiAim, the 
first process in home dyeing). 
Agitated, a., excited, perturbed, 
disturbed, (1 buAroeAj\tA, ind. : 
mÁ'f b. An ceArm if ctAon ha 
bAitt, if the mind is a. the limbs 
grow weak ; (2) co^ui^te, ind.: 
easily a., foconjunjte ; (3) 
5U at>|\ac, -Aige (in high spirits). 
Agitation, n., (1) a disturbance of 
tranquility, buAroij\u, - > óeA^tA, 
f'p (&) foóo|\|\ui$eAóc, -a, /. 

(2) Perturbation caused by as- 
tonishment or confusion, meAj\- 
ujaií), -tnjte, m. 
Agitator, n., one who stirs up or 
excites others, esp. political re- 
formers, (1) buAroit\teói|\, -ót\A, 
-j\í, m.; (2) meAf5Ait\e, gen. id., 
pi. -f\i, m. 
Agnail, n., in-growing nail, causing 
inflammation; a sore under or 
around a nail, (1) coja (? 50^) 
t?Á lon^Ain ; (2) 50^*0 -pÁ lon^Am. 

Agnomen, n., an additional name 
or an epithet appended to a 
name, teAfAmm, m. (nickname). 

Ago, adv., gone by; since, -pAtD ó 
fom, a long time a. ; pvo ó, 
long a. ; ó ciAnAib, a little 
while a. ; mi ó fom, a month a. ; 
btiA'óAm ó'n T)Caca fo, a year a. 

Agog, a. and ad., eager, astir, 50 
miAtiguf ac ; f iof -puAf . 

Agoing, ad., in motion, Afim ub At; 

AJ\ 5tUA1f eACC. 

Agonised, a., subjected to extreme 
pain, lomgmnue, ind. 

Agonising, a., causing violent pain, 
5éi|\nimneAc, -mje. 

Agony, n., extreme pain with 
writhing or contortions, (1) cAnn- 
ÁtA'ó, -tuA, m. : the a. of death, 
c. An bÁif ; (2) AifvjeAn, -jm, -a, 
m.; (3) urhAtóro, -e, -eACA, /. : 
the a. of deathjCfóitije, Ai|\$eAnA 
nó umAtóro An bÁir . 

Agrarian, a., pertaining to land 
tenure, cAtrhArge; (2) ^eAfwmAC, 

Agree, v.i. (1) to harmonise, |\éit)- 
051m, -ceAc, (a) in opinion, 
statement or action, as, the 
angels would not a. with him, 
ni -fveTOceocAT) tia nAingit teif ; 
fools cannot a., ni -peATDtiro 
AmAT)Áin iveraceAc te céite ; 
can two walk together unless 
they be agreed ? An bpéroi^ 
te "01 Af -pmbAt te céite 
munA mberó fiAX) fxei^o ; a. 
with, thine adversary quickly 
(Mat. 5, 25), -[Aérácij 50 UiAt 
te*o' eAfCA|\AiT> ; didst thou not 
a. with me for a penny ? (Malt. 
20, 13), nÁ|\ |Aéróui5 cú tiom Af\ 
pi§mn ? ; they did not succeed 
in agreeing too well together, 
ní bptiA|VAT)A|v |\éiT)ceAó f\órhAic 
te n-A céite (Or.) ; (b) to suit 
one's constitution, as food : ni 


( 48 ) 


-pérúoje-Ann at\ fíon Uom tiuAif\ 
a bím Ay céAtACAn, wine does 
not a. with me when I am 

(2) To assent or accede, (a) 
•Aoncurgim, -trg-iVo : do not a. 
with them, tiÁ n-Aoncurg leó. ; (b) 
5éittim, -leA?) : I never agreed 
to doing that deed, riíofv £éiUe.<vp 
yém |AiAtr» *oo'n jmiom ym a 
?>éAr\Am ; I remember that you 
did a., if ctiitriin tiomfA -guy 
5éittif ; (c) coitijim, -lujAt) ; (d) 
ci5itn, v.n. zeAcz, with te : he 
will a.withyou,€iocpAróféle.A€ ; 
it is also used in the same 
sense as (1 b) above : acz uac 
T>c.A5Arm An clAiyem Uom, but 
that claret does not a. with 
me ; also céi'óun, v.n. *out, 
with te : rií téi*óe.Arm €f\of5-<vó 50 
triAit tiom, fasting does not a. 
with me ; (e) to come to an 
arrangement, r-ocfuijim, -ujAt) ; 
(/) to correspond or coincide, (i) 
coiiripfveA5fVAim, ~5-Ai|\c ; (ii) these 
accounts do not a., m oijve.Ann 
v\a ygeAlzA f o te céile ; (g) to 
exchange promises, as in hiring, 
^Afctnjim, -tig-Aft ; (h) (idiom), 
I agree with you, cÁim Ay av\ 
Aí$;ne 5cé^*oriA te^c pern ; cairn 
Ay. Aon warm VeAz ; they cannot 
a., ní péroi-jt teó zeAtz Ay aovi 
warm AmÁm ; I am inclined 
to a. with you, ni tieAyyAmn 1*0' 
cowrie (ro' AgAi-o). 

Agreeable, a., (1) pleasant to the 
mind, (a) CAitneAtfiAC (caic- 
ne.drn.dc, £/.), -Aijje ; (b) yuAiyc, 
-e ; (c) cedridtx-d, ind.; (d) fdrii, 
--dime ; (e) yArhAyAC ; (/) foitb, 
-e; (g) yoiyX), -e ; (h) u&aó, 
--Aige ; {%) AmeAy dó, -fije ; (?) 
roiU$, -t^e, the opp. of >ooitr£, 
sad ; (k) y ulóA^y, -e. 

(2) Pleasant to the senses, (a) 
f ostdcurgte, ind. ; (b) y é^y eAt> 
-fije (harmonious). 

(3) Willing, (a) "oeon-Ao, -A^e : 
if it is a. to you, mdf *oeon.dc 
te.dc ; (b) yoiyert, -e ; (c) corn-, -di£e ; (d) .donc.d > odC r 

Agreeableness, n., the quality of 
being agreeable, (1) cditne-drhdcc,. 
-a, /.; (2) yuA^yceAy, -cif, m./ 
(3) tdjdcc, -a, /.; (4) futódirve,. 
gf. id. f. See Agreeable. 

Agreed, a., concurring in opinion, 
statement or action, (1) -péró, -e; 
(2) corh-Aonctngte. 

Agreeing, n., (1) cedcc te óéite ; 
(2) yertzeAc te ; Ay Aon matin 
te, agreeing with ; (3) to hire, 
-pAfcujjAT), -tnjce. m. 

Agreement, (1) harmony, (a) yem- 
cedc, -U15, -age, m. : -neroce-Ao 
mAT>yArt 1 cdtc — Ay ctudf Aib a 
Céite, cat and dog agreement — 
by the ears ; (b) corhcju)róedcc 
(c) cedCc te céite. 

(2) Concurrence or concord , 
(a) (corn) doncujdt), -tujte ; (b) 
(corh)-doncdcc, -a, /. (the com 
means mutual concurrence or 
agreement) ; (c) x>o beit Ay Aort 
y ocAt (ArhÁm) te. 

(3) Compact, (a) connfxvo, 
-AytA, m.; (b) ceAn^Al. -Ait, m. 
C/. eiT)i|\ mo rhAC-fA *] CouÁn 
TTlAot *oo ceAti^tAt) fioc 1 pÁi^u 
.1. peace and friendship was 
agreed (patched up, settled) 
between my son and Conán 
Maol (D.A. 227, lines 3, 4.) 
(c) comjeAtt, -jitt, m. ; (d) 
uAi'óm, -A*ómA, -AtimAvwiA, /. ; 
(e) uim-Arom, /. 

(4) Arrangement, y ocyu%A > ó, 
-tn^te, m.; (b) ce^óc te céite ; 
agreed (idiom), bíot) fé 'n-A 


( 49 ) 


In agreement, aj\ aoh pocAt j 

(ArhÁm) te : ttíoniAn An Aon \ 

-pocAt, we were in a. 
Agricultural, a., connected with ) 

tillage, connti'OAC, -Aije. 
Agriculture, n., tillage, conniróACAr 

-Air, m. (Con.); ctnneAT)óineAóc, 

-a (W. Lim.) ; ctifVAróeAóc, -a, 

/. (Cow.). 
Agriculturist, n., one engaged in 

tillage, ctnneA'oóin," -ó^a, -ní, m. 

(TF. Lim.) ; cniA*OAine, gen. id., 

pi. -ftí, m. 
Agrimony, n., a herb (agrimonia 

eupatoria), cnÁib mr^e (hemp a., 

eupatorium cannabinum; rnéinín 

nA 1T1Á5 (G. D.) ; cÁntAnn cttnnA-15 

(O'Beg.) ; niAntrónAigeAnr! , m. ; 

fgeAóóg Thtune (water-agrimony, 

Agriot, ,9., (Bot.), fiUín geAf (Hogan) 
Aground, ad., stranded, (1) aj\ 

uAlArh ; (2) 1 -ocín ; (3) A|v 

Ague, 72., an intermittent fever 
characterised by cold and hot 
fits, sAtAfi cneAtA ; cnit 5 At An ; 
cjvtotÁn, -Áin, m.; riAbnAr cneAt- 

AC ', -piAtJ-JAAf CAOtUAC. 

Aguish', a., somewhat cold or 
shivering, cneAtAó, -Aije. 

Ah ! tic ! 

Aha ! a ! 

Ahead, ad f , (1) in advance, on- 
ward, (a) noitfie AtnÁc : non'iAc 
AtnAc, a. of you ; he is a. of him, 
ca -pé noirhe uó níor riA AtnAc ; 

(b) An COfAC. 

(2) Going ahead, (a) mit cum 
cwn ; (b) t>uL aj\ ajai-ó ; (c) A5 
CUn T>e. 

(3) Go ahead, (a) buAit teAC ; 
(0) riubAit one ; (c) cuin -010C ; 
(d) buAiL nortiAc ; (e) -o'mitig fi 
téite An a riAjAit), she went a. 

Ahide, ad., 1 DpotAó. 

Ahovering, od!., A|\ rotuArhAin; reirh- 

nÁit no rAi'óbnÁit (Aran). 
Aid, n., (1) help (a) cAbAin, #en. 
-bn a(ó), /. : God's a. is nearer 
than the door, ir ponnA CAbAin 
*Oé Via ah T>onAf ; (b) congnAtn, 
gen. -gAncA, somet. -Ain'i, m.; (c) 
cnrouijA'ó, -i$te, m. ; (d) poin, 
-e, /., applied in W. Lim. to 
the help which farmers give to 
each other on certain important 
occasions such as cutting turf, 
"putting in " hay, etc.; it is 
however merely casual while 
(e) córhAjv, -Atn, m., is regular 
mutual aid with men and horses 
between two or more farmers 
in their agricultural operations. 

(2) Comfort, relief, (a) corh- 
puncAcc, -a, /.; (b) -pAorpeAiii, 
-firh, m. 

(3) Protection, deliverance, (a) 
cÁngAit, -e, /.; (b) uAnntÁit, 
-ÁiA, /.; (c) póinititi, -cue, /. 

(4) Aide— de-camp, now called 
by abbreviation the general's aid, 
*oiAn conitA, g. id. m. (G. D.). 

Aid, v.t., (1) help (a) cAbntirgim, 
-tjgAt) ; (b) curontjun, -mjAt) ; (c) 
póinirn, v.n. £oinitin : 50 bróinit) 
13ia onAinn, God help us 1 said 
with a mixture of pity and con- 
tempt on hearing of some mishap 
caused by a man's own fault (we 
are sorry for the misfortune but 
despise the man) ; cAbAi|\ ó T)ia 
cugAirm is said when asking for 
the help of God on our own 
behalf, and 50 bptinciuT) T)ia 
one, nó of\Aib when wishing for 
others (W. Lim.). 

Aider, n., one who aids, cAbAntóin, 
-ófiA, -ní, m.; (2) conjAncóin, m.; 
(3) ctnx)i5teói|\, m. 

Aiding, a., helping, cad Ant aC, -Aije. 

Aiding, n., the act of helping, (1) 
cuvoiugA'O, -tnjxe, m:; (2) cao- 
nuj;A > ú, -tn^te, m. 



( 50 ) 


Ail, v.t., to be the matter with : 
what ails you ? cjióat) goitteAr 
Of\c, nó cat) cA ojac, tió cnéAT) 
•o'imtig ojic ; what ailed you 
that you ran ? cat) T)'imci5 one 
Af An mcir ; ni't Aon nuT) onm, 
nó ni't Aon níT) onm, nothing 
ails me. 
Ailing, a., ill, indisposed, (1) 
bneóróce, ind.; (2) cmn, -e ; (3) 
eA-piAm, -e ; (4) AicíT)eAc, -Tuge. 
Ailment, n., indisposition, (1) cwn- 
eAf , gen. -ir : cwneAf Ate, the 
gout ; c. cléib, consumption ; c. 
aw ni$, scrofula, St. Anthony's 
fire, c. gone, a stomach com- 
plaint ; c. 5eA|vpAiT)e, diarrhoea, 
dysentery ; bumneAc, afflicted 
with diarrhoea ; c. jeAtAije, 
lunacy ; c. món nó c. beAnnurgce, 
epilepsy or the falling sickness ; 
(2) bneóróceAcc, -a, /.; eArpAi, 
evils, king's evil, eAfpA, sing. 
(cuic b|\Á5AT>) ; (3) 5 At An, gen. 
-aij\ and 5At|\A, pi. id. m.; (4) 
AicíT), -e, -eACA, /.; (5) T)iof- 
tAmce, /./ (6) eArlÁmce, /.; (7) j 
T>oic, -e, -eAnnA, /. 
Aim, «., (1) the pointing of a 
weapon, (a) Amur , -urp , m. : the 
a. of the cross-bow, Amur An 
c|\ofbo$A ; to take good a., 
Amur mAic "oo jAbÁit ; aiming 
at him, A5 T>éAnAm Atnuir Ain ; 
(b) Aonp. -a, m. : he took a. 
at it tu5 ré Aonp Aiti (Der., 
see Din.) ; (c) cunur e, gen. id. f. 
(2) Object, intention, or end 
to be attained, (a) curpóin, -ónA, 
-ní, m.; (b) coirs, -e, -or^A, f, : 
with a special a. or deliberate 
intention, (i) t)'aoii coirs ; (ii) ; 
mntiujAT), -i$ce, m. 
Aim, v.i., (1) to point a weapon, j 
Aimrijim, -mgAt), fut AimreóóAT> : j 
he aimed at the bird, T)'Aimfi§ 
ré a|a ah éAn ; (b) gunmtn | 

-neArriAin(c) (P. O'L.); (c) cuim- 
! ri$im, -iu$AT). 

(2) Intent or purpose, mn- 
ti$im (mneAitAim ?), -iu$at> 
' Aim, v.i. to a. or direct, as a 
weapon, missile, satire, etc. See 
Aim, v.i. : he aimed his gun 
at him, T>'Aimri§ ré a junnA 
Aiming, n., the act of taking 
aim, (1) Aimriu$AT), -i$ce, m. ; 
(2) Amur, -uif , m. : he was a. 
at him, bí ré a$ T)éAnAm Amuip 
A ^ j (3) 5tmneAmAinc, -rim a, /.; 
(4) timéA|\Aóc, -a, /. (Con.) ; (5) 
mntiugAT), -ijce, m. (O'Beg.). 
! Aiming well, cuimreAC (G. D.). 
j Aimless, n., without aim or pur- 
pose, (1) neAmtjnóCAó, -Arge ; 
(2) rÁnAó, -Aige. 
! Aimlessly, ad., in an aimless man- 
ner, (1) 5AT1 culture ; (2) 50 
rÁnAó ; (3) 50 neAtfijnóCAC. 
Air, n., (1) the atmosphere, Aen, 
gen. Aein, m. (cf. L. aér); (2) of 
a song, (a) ronn, gen. and pi. 
rumn, m. (a slow air), pone, gen. 
and pi. ptnnc, m. (a quick one) ; 
(b) f50ic, -e, -eAóA, /. (U.), 
CAbAitA An fsoic T)Am, give me 
the air (Or.) ; cuin rgoic Leir 
An óeót rm, sing that song ; (c) 
c^r At), -re a, m., cAitt re fAn 
óAfAT) é, he went wrong in the 
turning or second part of the 

(3) Mien, rcuAim, -Am a, /. : 
self-righteous a., rtAOT», -a, pi. 
id. m. 

(4) Appearance, rnuAT), -ait> 
and -aT)a, pi. id. m.; cumA, -mtA, 

(5) Artificial or affected man- 
ner, (1) roncAmÁr, -Air, m.; (2) 
mAigeAmlAóc, -a, /. 

Air-balloon, n., botgÁn Aei|\. 


( 51 ) 


Air-bladder, n. (Anat), the air sac 
of fishes, botsftiAtfiA, g. buits -f , 
pi. id. m. 

Air-bubble, n., foe, g. fine, m., (1) 
bot^Án mfge ; (2) botsoro, -e, 

-i, /• 
Air-demon, n., -oeárhAn Aeif , m. ; 

^eilc gtwne. 

Air-gun, n., gunnA pteAf^Aw ; 

^unnA 5Aoice. 
Air-hole, n., pott gAoice, m. 
Air-plug (as of a cask), n., (1) 

-ppite, <?. id., pi. -eACA, /.; (2) 

fpiocóro, e, -í, /. 
Air-pump, n., cAomÁn Aeif, #en. 

and pi: cAomAm Aeif, m. 
Airily, ad., lightly, flippantly, 50 

rtAef ac. 
Airiness, n., (1) lightness of spirits, 

AefAóc, -a, /. (2) Conceited 

flippancy, uAttACAf , -Aif , m. 
Airing, h., (1) a short excursion, 

AefróeAcc, -a, f. 

ÚAbfpAinn Aefi"óeAóc t)uic coif 

£aoi géAJJAlb jtAf A Cf Ann 

Ceót via n-éAn Ann óf Af jceAnn 
íhbtín a fúw. 

—Hard, I., 212. 

(2) Exposure to the air for 
drying, (a) Aef a*ó, -|\úa ; (b) 
Aef acc, -a, /.; (c) Aef Ait, -AtA, /. : 
A5tif mo bÁi|AéAT> T)'Á AefAit te 
riAifif tiA sfvéme (nó A5 cíofAt) 
'fAn ngfém, M.), my cap airing 
in the rays of the sun (Oriel 
Airy, a,, (1) relating to air, Aei(vóA, 

(2) Gay, eerie, Aef ac, -Aige : 
light and airy she trips along, 
if éAt)Cfom Aef ac fiubtAnn fl 

(3) Light, restless, siotdaitiac, 

Aise, n. (BoL), goutwort or gout- 
weed (iEgopodium Podagraria), 
tt>f a' $uca. Called also Ash- 
weed and Herb Gerard from St. 
Gerard the patron saint of the 

Aisle, n., the lateral division of a 
church separated from the centre 
or nave by a row of columns, 
cAob ceAmpAitt. 

Ajar, a., slightly opened, teAt- 
•óúncA ; teAúOfurote. 

Akin, a., related by blood or allied 
by nature, (1) ^AotrhAf , -Aife ; 
(2) T)AiifieAC, -mrge. 

Alabaster, n., a compact variety 
of sulphate of lime or gypsum 
of fine texture and usually white 
and translucent, mAfmAf, -Aif, 
m.; ctoc-eiuei5 (Sc). 

Alack, inter j., an exclamation ex- 
pressing sorrow, f Af Aoif ; p óf- 
Aoif ; monuAf ; mo *óít. See Alas. 

Alack-a-day, inter j., an exclama- 
tion expressing sorrow, mo 
cftiAige 11Y01U. See Alas. 

Alacrity, n., cheerful readiness 
willingness or promptitude, (1 
form, g. ptnnn, m.; (2) túcriiAif 
eAóc, /.; (3) beó'óAóc. 

A la mode, ad., according to the 
fashion, Af nóf ; *oo f eif au mo'OA. 

Alarm, v.t., to excite with sudden 
fear, uAimnijpm, -mgAt). 

Alarm, n., (1) warning, poffó^f a-o, 
-SAptA, m.; (2) fright, f^Annf A"ó, 
-riAftA, m. : t>o gtAC fgAnraf a"6 
é, he got alarmed. 

Alarm-bell, n., a bell to give 
notice of danger, ctoj; pof- 


Alarm-fire, n., a fire lighted to 

give warning of danger, f AbAóAn- 

-Am, m. 
Alarm-post, n., a place to which. 

troops are to repair in case of 

danger, cfAnnfógAftA. 


( 52 ) 


Alas, inter j., an exclamation ex- 
pressing sorrow or pity, (1) mo 
bnón ; (2) mo cneAC ; (3) mo cneAc 
rp mo téAn ; (4) mo *óiACAin ; 
(5) mo t)oic ; (6) -pónAoin ; 
1?Á1 jvíon ( U.), pÁnAon (Con. Xpóttfon 
(M.), t:Áitnon 5éA-p, -pÁiníon 
cjvÁroce ; (7) mo g-peA'OÁn ; (8) 
mo tAgAfi ; (9) mo téAn CgéAtA) ; 
(10) mo téin ; (11) monuAn ; 
(12) oc ; (13) ocón ; (14) ocón ó ; 
(15) oLA<5ón ó ; (16) ir c-puAige ; 
(17) mo cjuiAije ; (18) a ttltnne 
if cjuiAije. 
Alb., n., a white linen vestment 
worn while saying Mass, téwe 
Aipmnn, g. id., pi. téwceACA, /. 
Albeit, ad., even though, although, 
notwithstanding, (1) caj\ ceAnn 
50 ; (2) cé ^un ; (3) An for» 
-gun ; (4) aji a for» rom ; (5) 
51*0 nó cvo cnACc ; (6) ritro ir 50. 
Albugo, n., a white opacity in 
the cornea of the eye, tionjiA 
Albumen, n., the white of an egg, 

5e.ALAc.ATi tube (tub, M.). 
Albuminous, a., pertaining to or 
containing albumen, seAtACÁnAC, 
Alcohol, n., the intoxicating ele- 
ment of distilled liquors, (1) 
catiac, -A15, m.; (2) biocÁitte, /. 
Alcove, n., a recess in a room, 

cuAf (dim. cuAfÁn), -Aif , -a, m. 
Alder, n. (alnus), (1) jreAnnos, /., 
gen. -015 e ; originally -pe-Atw, 
the name of the sixth letter of 
the modern Irish alphabet ; (2) 
ntiAim, -e, -e.ACA, /., the bark 
was boiled with the wool or 
thread in the first process of 
dyeing red, called " rhyming "; 
I remember seeing it done. 
Alderberry, s. (Bot.), n., the fruit 
of a tree of the genus alnus, 
CAon cnomAw. 

Alderman, n., AtvomAon, -oin, m. 
Alder-tree, s., cnAnn -peAtiriA, m. 
Ale, n., (1) tionn or teAnn, gen. 
teAnnA, pi. teAnncA, m. (cj. 
W. Llyn,), ctnnm, /., gen. cotwia; 
gnuroin, g. id. m. spuro, -e, / ; 
•onuroin ; (2) (brown), tionn- 
nuAt), -ai*ó, m., nuA-otionn, 
-teAnnA, m.; (3) (inferior), réibín, 
g. id. m., whence tibín, m., a 
private house where drink is 
sold without licence ; (4) (pot 
ale), btiAiceAf, -crp, m.; (5) 
(wort of), bnAictir, -e, /.. and 
bfAótAif , -e, /. 
Ale (strong), n., tAit, /. 
Ale-fond, tionncAC, -Aije. 
Ale-house, n., 05 teAnn a (ceAC 
teAnnA, U.) : nÁ bAin ctnje t)e 
x>o Ú15 -pém be f teAnn a a cun aj\ 
05 An teAnnA, do not strip your 
own roof to slate the public- 
house ; (2) cAbAinne, g. id. m. 
(cAibeinne, /., in 17.). 
Alembic, n., an apparatus used in 

distillation, ceiriceÁn, -Am, m. 
Ale-brewer, n., ^nu^Aine ; -peAn 

*oéAncA teAnnA. 
Alehoof, n., ground ivy, AijneÁn 
cAtrhAn, acai|a tnfA (nepeta gle- 
Alert, a., brisk, tútmAn, -Aine ; 

AifveAc, -mje ; aj\ a' téim. 
Alertness, n., (1) tútmAnAcu, -a. /.; 

(2) -pnnActif , gen. and pi. -tup. 
Ale- vat, n., "OAbAc teAnnA /. 
Alewife, n., (1) beAn An teAnnA, /.; 

(2) a fish, f5AT)An gAnb, m. 
Alexanders, n. (Bot.), horse parsley, 

tur riA ngnÁn *oub (smyrnium). 

Alias, n., a fictitious name, (1) 

cotfiAinm, m.; (2) Ainm bnéige m. 

Alibi, n., the plea of having been 

elsewhere when a crime was 

committed, 1 n-Áic eite. 

Alien, a., foreign, (1) ^AttoA, ind.; 

(2) AttmufVOA, ind.; (3) C015- 


( 53 ) 


cjúocac, -Aije ; (4) coirhróteAó, 
Alien, n., a foreigner, (1) 5ALL, 
-AitL, m.; *Oún tia v^a\X, the 
fort of the strangers or aliens ; 
(2) AttniufAC, -a\%, pi. id. m.; (3) 
coi5C|\ioc, -|\15, pi. id. and -jvíoca, 
w. (M.) ; (4) comiroteAc, -C15, 
pi. -ceACA, m. ; (5) eAócf AnnAC, 
-A15, m. (Con. and U.) 
Alienate, v.t., (1) to part volun- 
tarily with ownership, (a) corh- 
f5Aoitim, -teAt) ; (ft) fAnnAim, 
-At) (J5.LL. V. 436, 10); (2) To 
estrange, *oo cuj\ ó céite. 
Alienation, n., a transfer of title, 
AifCfvmjAt) f eitbe, m. (2)fAntiA'ó, 
-uca, m. (B.LL. I. 202, 5). 
Alight, v.i., (1) to spring down, 
get down or descend, as from 
a horse; dismount, (a) ctHjAlinjim, 
-ting (also -Line, Meet., and -Lac 
and -tACAn, M.) ; (ft) coipléimun, 

(2) To descend and settle, 
lodge, or stop, as a bird, tmjitn, 
-^eA'ú and -^eArhAin. 
Alight, a., lighted up, a-\\ LAfAt). 
Alighting, n., (1) the act of dis- 
mounting, (a) cuiftin5, -e, /. ; 
(ft) emetine, -e, /. (Meet.) ; (c) 
cu-f\tAc, -Aic, m.; (d) cti|\LACAn, 
-Am, m. (M.), cuifiUocAn (P. 

(2) Descending and settling, 
like a bird, (a) imjeAt), -gte, m.; 
(ft) tm^eAtriAin, -ttinA, /. 
Alike, a., (1) having a resemblance, 
(a) cofrhAit-AtfilA ; (ft) f AttiAit, 

(2) Without difference, (a) 
lonArm ; (ft) fAin, -e : not 
alike a whale and a minnow, 
ni fAin blAoc if mA$Ai|\ (D.K. 
85) ; not alike a hero and a 
coward, ni fAin Iaoc if -peAf 
me&tz& (D.K. 85). 

Alike, ad., (1) rnA^ a céite ; (2) 
triAf Aon te ; (3) Corn niAit te ; 
(4) 50 nionArhAit. 
Aliment, n., (1) food, nutriment, 
biA*o, g. bro, m. 

(2) Anything that nourishes 
and hence the necessaries of life, 
sustenance, support, (a) beAtA, 
g. -at), dat. -Ait) ; (ft) cotujAt), 
-tngte, m.; (c) oiLeAtriAin, -trmA, /. 
Alimental, Alimentary, a., nutri- 
tious, biAt)Ac, -Aije. 
Alimentary canal, n., the channel 
from the throat to the anus, 
by which aliments are conveyed 
through the body and waste 
excreted, siuLuAróeAe, *oitit€AiT)- 
eAc, T)it»LuAC nó T)úitiAó, m. 
Alimony, n., an allowance made 
to a wife out of her husband's 
estate on divorce, separation or 
pendente lite, TnoLriiAom (gen. -e, 
/.), nó |\AnnpÁif\c (gen. -e, pL 
-ceAnnA, /.) x>o beif\ feAf\ T)'a 
trinAoi 1 gcÁf T)e$itce. 
Alive, ct., (1) living, not dead, (a) 
beó : bring him a., cAbAin beó é ; 
you shall go a. or dead, fAgAit) 
(|\AóAit)) cú beó nó mA|\b ; is 
anyone a. here ? bp tut Aomne 
beó Annfo ; we are a., cArriAoro 
'n-Áfv mbeACAro ; just a., T)it- 
beó (Con.) ; never speak to the 
feet (subordinates) while the 
head is a., nA LAbAifi coroce teif 
nA cof Aib *i An ceAnn beó ; 
your talk, without food, would 
not keep me a., ní comseó.'.'vvO 
T)o gtóftA beó gAn biAt) m<5 ; 
is he a. still, An opvnt fe beó 
50 fóiU (O'Beg.). 

(2) (Idiom), fÁg fuAf é, leave 
him a., do not kill him, let 
him live ; cá fé beó bo^b, he 
is alive and kicking ; if Mac 
Morna the swift were now a., 
T)Á mAifpeAt) tTlAC THófnA meAjt 


( 54 ) 


(Oss. IV. 52, 17) ; he is still a., 
cÁ Ati "oé Ann 50 font (Con. and 
77.), Ann fóf (M.). 

Alkakengy, n. (Bot.) (solanum 
rubram), fiUn geirhnro (Hog an). 

All, a., n. and pron., the whole, 
every, the whole amount, degree, 
duration, extent, number or 
quantity, (1) mle, ind., which 
means all, (a) when it follows 
a verb, as : prove a. things, 
^oeAfburg An u. nro (in this 
connection and in the cases 
that follow it is an adjective) ; 
(b) when it follows a noun, as : 
a. the wheat, An CftntneACc u. ; 
a. the land, An CAtArii u. ; a. 
the money, An c-Ai^eAt) u. ; 
I would not do it for a. the 
world, ní T)éAn-pAinn é Af au 
•oorhAn u. ; (c) when it precedes 
a noun, in which position it 
aspirates singular and plural but 
does not affect vowels, as : above 
a. names, óf cionn nA Tiu. 5A|\mA 
(Ort>. 234x) ; a. kinds of pain 
are there, Ann aca-to ua tin. 
óméAi piAn (ib., 180, 28) ; a 
goodness, An u. rhAit (ib., 39, 
29) ; a. human glory, An tute 
5tóin "úAonriA (1 Pet. 1, 24) ; 
for the love of money is the 
root of all evil, óif if é SfÁt) An 
Aifgro fféArii nA n-tnte otc 
(1 Tim. 6, 10) ; (d) when it 
follows a prepositional pro- 
noun, as : to them a., T)óib 
u. ; to us a., T>úmn u. ; (e) when 
it follows a verbal noun, but in 
this case its force falls on the 
preceding pronoun, as : to sell 
them a., a n-oiot u. ; to drown 
them a., a rnbÁtAt) u. ; (/) when 
it follows the personal pronouns : 
-iriAoro nó -mint), fmn, fib, fiAt), 
as : we are a. very well, cÁmAoro 
u. 50 fórhAic (50 "h An tfiAit) ; are 

they a. here ? bftut fiA-o u. 
Annf o ? ; (g) pron. (i) after def. 
article, as : An ti. ftro, a. things ; 
nA ttu., all men ; himself and a. 
the others, é pém 1 ua tin. eile 
(Ubb. 180, 28) ; (ii) after the 
dem. pronouns, as : a. this, 
fo u. ; a. that, fin u. ; a. 
those, a. that, ftro u. (In 
Con. and C7. tnte is pronounced 
U1U5 and sometimes so spelled, 
but more commonly uitró.) 

(2) A, rel. pron., Af, with 
past tense : unto him he hath 
given a. he hath, if *oó fin tug 
fé a fAib Ai^e (Gen. 24-36) ; 
a. I ever heard, Af AifijeAf 
fiAtfi ; a. they who are minded 
of their own free will to go up, 
av\ rnéro Af a bfint fonn t>'a 
t>€oiL AoncA fém *ouL fUAf 
(Ezra, 7, 13) ; a. the good he 
ever did, Af a *oem (M., -oeAfn 
Don.) fé T>e tfiAiteAf fiArii ; a. 
that a man hath he will give 
for his life, a bfint A5 *ouwe 

'OO béAffAlt) fé Af A A11Am é 

(Job 2, 4). 

(3) 5 ac, rei. pron., also jaC 
tnte : a. rights reserved, 5AÓ 
ceAfc Af cofnAtri ; a. who were 
there, 5AC a j\Aib Ann ; by a. 
means, Af ^ac Aon cof . 

(4) 50 téif : God be praised, 
we are a. well, cÁrriAoro (cAmnro, 
77.; cAminnn, -111L15, Or.) 50 
téif 50 rriAit, molAT) te T)ia 
(*oo T)ia, Don.). 

(5) lomtAn, n. : if that be a., 
mÁ'f é fin An t-iomlÁn. 

(6) Các, geyx. caic, iyidef pron. : 
said they a., AffA cac ; there 
was not a man in the Fenian 
host, not generous to a., ni 
fAib AomneAó 'v-ayi bpéwn v.Á 
fAib fiAt imeAf5 cAic (Oss. IV. 


( 55 ) 


(7) 1t)if\ when it means both 
(a. or pron.) has the force of 
all, as : a. men and .women, 
big and little, old and young, 
toif feAfAib Aguf mnÁib, i*oi-|a 
triójx Ajjtir beAj;, roif f eAn Ajtif 05. 

(8) lion, n., the whole or full 

(9) The whole number, quan- 
tity or amount, (a) Af f at> : that 
is the worst of all, fin é An 
T>on^,f a\\ f at> ; (b) mem : all 
such as were chosen, An mem 
Tio to^At) (O'Beg.). 

(10) (Idioms) : (a) I want it 
a., ní-móf T)orii e; (b) their a. 
is at stake, cá a ^curo T>e'n 
cfAogAit 1 ^concAbAifc ; (c) 
colloq., ha\^e it a. your own 
way, bío*ó ah gteAnn 'f A bftnt 
Ann ajac ; (d) that is not a. 
you expect, 111 tAoX) teif An 
mere rw AcÁif. . 

Above all things, óf aonn An 
tute nix> ; óf cioun ua btnte 
neite ; fonti tiA btnte neite. 

According to all, t>o féif ^aó 
tute nit) ; according to all that 
was in my heart, x>o féif a 
fAib Ann mo Cforóe (2 Kings 
10, 30) ; according to cdl these 
words and a. to all this vision, 
t)o féif ua mbfiAtAf-fo tute 1 
X)o f éif 11A fife f o tute (1 Chron. 
17, 15) ; a. to all his wondrous 
works, *oo féif a tute oibfeAC 

After cdl that is come upon 
us for our evil deeds, cAféif 
a tjcáwij; ofAinn fÁ'f nx)foió- 
gniomAib (Ezra 9, 13) ; after 
all thy wickedness, 1 iyoiai-o 
•o'tnte olc (Ezek. 16, 23). 

All but, fóbAif (where f — h), 
T)óbAif, "o'fóbAif T)ó ctncnn, he 
all but fell (see Almost) ; also 
if fUAj\Ac (if beAj;) nAf ttnc fé. 

Before cdl (in the presence of) 
the people, óf cowne ax\ po\)A\1 
tute (Lev 10, 3) ; before cdl his 
house .1. in preference to, font! 
a tig tute ; t&\< a tij tute. 

For cdl this they sinned still, 
tAifif fo tute to -peAcnrceAX^f 
for (Ps. 78. 32). 

For all that, A]\ a fon fm 

Once for cdl, Aon tiAif AmÁrn 
(Heb. 10, 10). 

All the day long, a\\ pevvo An 

At cdl : neither hast thou de- 
livered thy people at all, ní mó 

*00 fAOf CUf A T)0 ]i)ObAt A\\ 

éAnCof (Ex. 5, 23) ; I will not 
go there at all, hi fAjAt) (fACA*o) 
Ann olc nó mAit ; I do not know 
at all, ní f eAT>Af 'au x>omAn 
(nó 1 néifmn) ; I was not there 
at all, ní fAib mé Ann Af cof 
Af bit ; ní f AbAf Ann 1 n-Aon cof 
(M.), I will not do it at all, ni 
•óéAnfAT» Af rhcvo Af bit é (Or.); 
there Was no doubt at all, ni fAib 
Athf Af Af bit ; he is ashamed of 
nothing at all, ni't tn\ife Aif f Á 
Aon ftit) ; not at all, ní beA*ó a\\ 
Aon jtéAf . 

All hail, f é (nó T)ia) t>q T>eAtA. 

All over (everywhere), (1) all 
over the plp^ce or the house, a\\ 
f tiAit) ua bAtce nó An urge (M.) ; 
(2) Af ftvo ha rife, all over the 
country (Con.) ; ffit) ua cife 
(U.); (3) all over .1. settled, 
tA\uz (Or.). 

All right : I am all right, 
uÁim Af T)ór§ (17.) ; all right, 
very well, ca 50 mAit (M.). 

All right so, ni mifoetiom mAf 
fm (1TI. t).) ; ce^fc 50 teóf 
mAf fm ; fin An txdij (Or.). 

All the same, mAf fin fém 
(M.) ; teif pn if tute ; ir cumA 


( 56 ) 


-úAnir-A (M.), it is all the same 
to me ; (if cumA tiomf a ; rp 
1 on Ann 'f A cÁr T>Am fA é ,Don., 
I don't care). 

All the time, a 'ocóLaq, 1 
■ouótÁmh, a *ocótAiiíi. See Al- 

With all that appertain to 
them, 50 n-tnte (leir An tnte) 
tiro x)'a mbAmeAnn leó (Numb. 
16, 30) ; with all thy getting, 
get understanding, te*o' tnte 
P-A5Á1I -pAj cin^fe (Prov. 4, 7). 

With all my heart, ó m' cjtoroe 
auiaó (W. Lim.) ; le mo cporoe 
tnle (Don.). 

With all thy soul, le "d'ahaid 
tnle ; with all your heart, te 
oai\ n-tnte cf\oroe. 
All, n., the whole number, quantity 
or amount, the entire thing, 
everything, (1) An c-iomtÁn, -Ám, 
m. : for thou shalt surely over- 
take them and without fail re- 
cover all, ói|\ béA|vp.AiT) cti 50 
"oentim oftfiA *] 5 An concAbAi-^c 
béA[vpAit) cú at\ c-iomtÁn *oíob 
(1 Sam. 30, 8). 

(2) An tnte : it was food for 
all, x>o bí Yi-A biAX) *oo"n tnte 
(Dan. 4, 21) ; for all seek their 
own, ói|\ 'fiAX) ha neite bAineAf 
teo péin ia|\|\ait) tu\ titnte (Phil. 
2, 21). 

(3) A . . . . tnte : all that thou 
seest is mine, a bpAicionn en 
tnle if Uonyp a iat) (Gen. 31, 43). 

(4) His all is at stake, cá a 
euro "oe'n c-rAojAl 1 jeoncAb- 


Allay, v.t., (1) to make quiet, to 
pacify, ceAnnru 151111, -njAt). 

(2) To calm, citnnignn. -iti5A , o. 

(3) To alleviate, to mitigate, 
mAotnrgim, -ugA'ó. 

Allaying, n., the act of alleviating, 
mAotu^At), -tujte, m. 

All-conquering, a., -lolbuA'OAC. 

All-devouring, a., ititeAc. 

Allegation, n., the act of positively 
asserting, (1) TieAfvbugAt), -tnjte, 
m. ; (2) TjeinimngAt), -tgte, m. 

Allege, v.t., to affirm or assert 
positively, (1) t>o cu^t 1 teit ; (2) 
"oeAjibmjnn, -uja-o : alleging that 
Christ must needs have suffered, 
A5 -oeAjtbujA'O jnfi b'éi^m *oo 
C|\iofc putAns (Acts 17, 3) ; (3) 
"oeimnrgvm -mjAt). 

Allegable, a., capable of being 
affirmed, in-oeA|\btA, ind. 

Alleged, a., affirmed, cu]\tA 1 teit. 

Allegiance, n., obligation to a 
ruling power, (1) -pomóf, -óir, 
m.; (2) 5éitteA , ó, -ce, m. 

Alleging, n. (see Allegation), /., A5 
cujt coip\e 1 teit t)nme. 

Allegorical, a., figurative, (1) reAC- 
tAbnAC, -Aije (G. D.) ; (2) feAC- 
lAbAfúA, ind. ; (3) pÁiteiAllAC, 

Allegorize, v.i., to use allegory, 
reAclAbf\Aim, -bAijtc (G. D.). 

Allegory, n., a figurative sentence 
or discourse in which one thing 
is put for another, (1) reAC- 
lAbfiAt), -X)A\\tA, m.; (2) -pÁtjtún, 
m.; (3) -peActAbAifc, -ajvca, m. 

Allelujah, molAt) te T)ia. 

Alleviate, v.t, to lighten physical or 
mental troubles, (1) éA*ocj\omui- 
51m, -njAT) ; (2) mAoUnjim, 

Alleviated, a., made easier to be 
endured, tAj^nigte. 

Alleviating, n., the act of lighten- 
ing physical or mental troubles, 

(1) éAT>c|tomn5At), -urgte, m. ; 

(2) tAj^njAt), -mjxe, m.; (3) 
T)o "oeAnAtii níor éA"ocfunme. 

Alleviation, n., mitigation, relief, (1) 
-pAotAm, -Aim, ra.; (2) ion- 
-pUAjtA'O, -|\ca, m. 

All-extinguishing, a., iolmticcAC. 


( 57 ) 


Alley, ft., a narrow passage, (1) 

ciAtfifA, g. id., pi. -aca, m.; (2) 

ftije ctitfiAr>5 ; (3) j\ót> curiiAns. 
All-fools' day, ft., the first day of 

April, tÁ ha n-AtriATDÁn. 
All-good, a., tntetfiAite.Af.Ac ; ft., 

tiA n-uiLe ifiAiteAf . 
All-Hallows' Eve, ft., the evening 

before All Hallows, Oroce SAtrmA. 
All- Hallows, ft., All Saints' Day, 

November 1st, 1a SAttinA. 
All-Hallowtide, ft., the time near 

All Saints, SAttiAm, -rmiA, /. 
All-heal, ft., a name given to 

officinal Valerian, (1) uiLe ice, g. 

id. m.; {2) ftÁnUif , -uif , m.; (3) 

•ouitteog r\A f aoj\ ; (4) Uif j\a tia 


All-heal (clowns), n. (Bot., Stachys 
sylvatica), (1) Uif ha f5oj\, m.; 
(2) tuf nAfAO|\, m.; (3) cAbfA'OÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

Alliance, ft., (1) a league, (a) corni- 
ceAngAt, -Ail, m.; (&) cotíittiróe, 
gen. id. f. : x>o f\irmeAT)Af fit -j 
coriituróe, they made peace and 
an a. 

(2) A union of interests, (a) 
cAfuvoAf, gen. -Aif, m.; (h) 
pAificroe, /.; (c) cotmbÁró, -e, /.; 
(d) corhAfv, -A1|\, m.; coifiAf cÁif- 
T>eAf a cogAlX), alliance of friend- 
ship in war (K. Hist., fol. 51., 19) 
the joint (alliance) pot never 
boils, cÁ nguiteArm coife cortiAi^ 

(3) A union of affinity, mar- 
riage arrangement, cteArhtiAf, 
-Aif , m. 

(4) A league or bargain, corm- 

JVAt), -TIAjAtA, m. 

Allied, a., in league, coiriioeAngAlcA; 
allied, or of kin, ^AotttiAf , -Aif e ; 
allied by marriage, 1 gcteAttinAf : 
Eliashib the priest .... was 
allied to Tobiah, x>o £>i eUAfib 

An f A^Afc .... 1 scteAriinAf te 
UobiAti (Neh. 13, 4). 

Alligator, ft., a large carnivorous 
animal of the crocodile family, 
cjAogAUt, -AiLL, m. ; it-piAfc, 
-péifce, -a, /. 

Alliteration, ft., the repetition of 
the same letter at the beginning 
of words immediately succeeding 
each other, (1) coufi ticif ; (2) 
tiAitn. AtriA, /. 

Alliterative, a., pertaining to or 
characterized by alliteration, 

All-judging, a.. itbtveiteAC. 

All-knowing, itfiofAc. 

Allocate, v.t., to allot, iomf\oititnm, 

Allocation, ft., placing, disposition, 
arrangement, iomfoinn, g. -e, /. 

Allocution, ft., an address, AgAiiArii, 
-LtfiA, dat. -Anti, /. 

Allodial, a., freehold, (1) AtUmAC, 
-Aije ; (2)fAOf ó cíof, ó "ouAigAf 
*!• ó rhojfAine, free from rent, 
fines and service. 

Allot, v.t., to distribute or parcel 
out in parts or portions, j\oirmnn, 

Allotted, a., predestined, (1) 1 tmÁn: 
you were surely allotted for one 
another, bi fib 1 rroÁn >o'a céile ; 
(2) cmnce. 

Allotment, ft., the act of allotting, 
foirm, -e, /.; fiAjt, g. féif\, pi. 
-pt a, m. 

Allow, v.t., (1) to permit, Lei?;im, 
(16151™, Don.), -5eAn(c), ~5in(c) 
and teo5Ain(c), (M.) : nioj\ teij 
mé T)uic bAinc teif, I did not 
a. you to touch him ; ruofA 
tei^eA'ó cum cmti é, it was not 
allowed to come to anything 
(lit. to a head) ; ni teigfroe 
teAc "oo ciA|AfÁn, your grumbling 
would not be allowed ; teig -oaiú- 
fA, a. me. 


( 58 ) 


(2) Consent, (1) ceAT)tiit;im, 
-ut^vo, fut. cexVoocAT» ; (2) Aonc- 
tngim, -ugA'ó. 

(3) To grant licence to, t)eón- 
«151111, -ugAt) : ir cói|\ é T)o 
> óeótiti5-A > ó, it is right to a. it. 

(4) To tolerate, (a) -ptitAwsim, 
-LA115 ; (2) -ptntwsnn, -Í1115. 

Allowable, a., permissible, ceA*o- 
AijteAc, -urge ; ceAT)AitiAit, -rhtA ; 
ceAXtmAc, -Aije ; uroeonuijte. 

Allowableness, n., (1) permissible- 
ness, cexVotngteAcc, -a, f. 
(2) Lawfulness, TttijteAct,, a, f. 

Allowance, n., a share or portion 
allotted or granted, (1) cum, 
gen. cot>a, pi. cotica, /.; (2) ctnb- 
fieAnn, gen. -jnnn, m.; (3) T)iot- 
ujjaT), T)eóUi5A*ó nó "oéAt 115.4*0, 
-injce, m. ; (4) AttúncAr, -Aif , 
m., piAj\, c/ew. r éip and --ptA, m. ; 
(5) tojAT), -Ait), m. (tog'óA, g. id., 
pi. aí, m., exemption, tojmÁit, 
~áIa, [.; (6) cAbAj\cAf, (yew. -Aif, 
pi. -Aifi, m. 

Allowed, a., admitted, granted, 
(1) ceAiDtu^te ; (2) Aonctujte. 

Allowing, n. , granting or permitting, 
(1) 'oeóntijAt), -tirgte, m.; (2) 
teigeAn, -5m, m. (also tei^wc) ; 
(3) ceATmgAt), -tugte ; a. to be 
forgotten, teigeAn cum t)eApm- 


All-powerful, a., tnte-cumACCAc, 

All-round, a$., móptimceAtt. 

All-Saints' Day, n., the 1st of 
November, SArhAin, tÁ iiAoni avi 
T>oitiAii, tÁ riA n-tntenAoim. 

All-Saints' Eve, nl, Hallow Eve, 
Oróce SAititiA. 

All-seeing, a., itpeicfionAc. 

All Souls' Day, n., the 2nd of 
November, tÁ ua mApb. ■ 

Allspice, n., Jamaica pepper, pim- 
ento, Amir, -e, /.; piobAp A'r 
Ann'f, pepper and a. 

All-sufficiency, n., po-iomtÁnAóc, 
-a, /. 

All-sufficient, a., po-iomtÁn, -Áme. 

Allude, v.i., to refer to something 
indirectly or by suggestion, Uia'O- 
Aim, v.n. UiAt) ; (2) cA^pAim, 
-5A1 r c : to whom do you a. ? 
cé *óó 50 bpmtip t>'a tAgAipc 
f An ? ; I am only alluding to 
the story, A5 cA^Aipc T>o'n rséAt 

Alluding (to), n., the act of referring 
to something indirectly or by 
suggestion, (1) Uiat), -Avoce, m.; 
(2) cA5Ai|\c, -AptA, f. ; (3) CA rp - 
Ain^ AnnAf. 

Allure, v.t., to entice, to attract, 

(1) meAtlAim, -ax> : meAttAiT) 
fiA*o te nAinmiAnAilD mACUAfACA 
ha cotlA (2 Pet. 2, 18); (2) 
ceAtgAim, -at) ; (3) cUiAimm, 
-An At) ; (4) bpéA^Aim, -a*ó : I 
will allure her and bring her 
into the wilderness, bpéAjpAró 
mé í "i *oo beA-p-pAVO mé "oo'n 
^ÁfAc í (Hos. 2, 14). 

Allurement, n., temptation, entice- 
ment, (1) fÁimgpíofA-ó, -rcA, m.; 

(2) AftAc, pi. AftAijte, m.; (3) 
bpéAgÁn, -Ám, m.; (4) meAUxAcc, 
-a, /.; (5) boi§ce, g. id. m. 

Allurer, n., one who allures, (1) 
fÁimjpíofcóif, -o r A, -pi, m.; (2) 
boijceóip, m.; (3) btAT>Aipe, g. 
id., pi. -pi, m.; (4) cUiAnAipe, 
m.; (5) rtiomAi r e, m..; (6) 
meAttuóip, m. 

Alluring, n., enticing, (1) meAttAt), 
-tcA, m.; (2) bpéA^At), -jca, w. : 
ni te bop bpéA^Aó nÁ te bAi^eA-o 
meAttcA, not by alluring gold 
nor deceiving silver. 

Allusion, an indirect reference, 
(1) uiat), -Avoce, m.; (2) cuAimm, 
-pme, /.; (3) cA^AipC, -^a^ua, /., 

ZAS^AT>, -SA^tA, m. : AS CAgAlpC 

>oo'n rgéAt ACÁim, I am only 


( 59 ) 


alluding to the story ; (4) con- 
ca^ai^u, -A\\tA, f. : fond of 
making allusions, ca^a^cac, -Aige 
Alluvium, n., matter deposited by 
the action of flowing water on 
land not permanently submerged 
ctntcneAc, -mj, m. 
All-victorious, a., loLbtiA'óAc. 
All-wise, a., iteAjnAc, -Aije. 
Ally, n., one united to another by 
treaty or league, (1) comjuAt- 
Aroe, gen. id. pi. -*ote, m.; (2) 
cotticori5Ancói|v, m. ; (3) cAb- 
AfVtÓIJA, -ó\\a, -j\í, m. 
Almanac, n., a calendar of days, 
weeks and months, (1) penile, 
gen. id., pi. -m% m.; (2) míorAóÁn, 
gen. -Ám, m. 
Almightiness, n., omnipotence, tnte- 
cumAúcAcc ; lotcumAccAcc, -a, f. 
Almighty, a. omnipotent, tnte- 
curhAccAC, -Aije ; loLctnriAccAc 
Almond, s, (Bot.), (amygdalus 
communis), Amumneós, /•/ A ^~ 
momne, /., Atmóro, f. (P. O'C.) ; 
tíomóro, -T)e, -x>u /. — also a 
lemon, Aimonc (R.C. ix., 238). 
Almoner, n., one who distributes 
alms, (1) -Dei^ci^e, m. ; (2) 
biAt)CAc, m. 
Almonry, n., the place where alms 
are distributed, (1) x>é\^c\or\AX>, 
-A\n, m.; (2) aj t)éi|Ace, m. 
Almost, ad., all but, well nigh, 
nearly, (1) >oóbAin (PF. Lira.) ; 
Ka *óóbAi]\ (P. O'L.) ; *oo tobAin 
(Or.) ; -o'póbAitt (Con., £7.) ; | 
fóbAijx (Co?i., Don. and T?/r.), ' 
where f= n, probably from pob- Í 
pAT), happening by chance, ( 0' i?.); 
I a. fell, 'oóbAin *° orn ctucim ; 
he a. paid for it, bA t>óbAi|v 50 ! 
ntuotAt) fé Af ; I a. forgot it, 

pObA1|\ (f = H) T>Atfl "OeAmUAT) A 

T)eAtiArh Ai|\ ; I a. died, fobAif\ 
•OArh bÁr t^ajau ; I a. failed, 

T)'-póbAi^ nÁ tieif\eóCA > o liom ; I 
a. broke my arm, ^'pobAin 50 
mbmr-pmn mo tÁríi ; he a. fell, 
T)'póbAi|A "oo cinom ; my horse 
a. fell, "oóbAifi T>om' CApAtt-rA 
*o|\ocbAf^ttiifte tí'^ajáiI ; I a. 
hurt him, T>óbAifi >oom é a 


(2) (a) beAg nAc : they be a. 
ready to stone me, ip beA^nAc 
bptnlro 1 n-inrhe jAbÁtA "oo 
ctocAib o^m (Ex. 17, 4) ; it is 
a. finished, cá fé beA^nAó cfíoó- 
mnjte ; (&) if beAg nÁ (tiac) : she 
a. said it, ip beAg nÁ 50 n*oubAif c 
fí é ; my feet a. went from me, 
if beAg nÁn fStomA mo cofA 
uAim ; (c) acc beAj : of a. 
all their money and clothes, 
T>e Ai^geAt) 1 •o'éA'OAC aca acc 
beAs (P. JÍ. 999). 

(3) (a) 5eALL te ; geAli téíf , 
before a word beginning with a 
vowel (M.) ; (b) cojkvo te (Con. 
and 17.) ; (c) co^ te (Don.) ; 
(d) 11 ac mój\ : he was a. dead, 
bi ye uac mój\ mApb ; (e). ni 
món uaó ; I was a. in all evil, 
m mó^ tiac |\Aib mé Ann 5AC 
«ite otc (Prov. 5, 14) ; (/) you 
a. fell, if f uAfiAó nÁf tuicif ; 
(gf) if tÁi*oifv tiAó (Con.) ; (h) if 
5ATW uac ; (i) cÁ rhóf\ riAf leA^At) 
mé, I was a. knocked down (Or.). 

(4) Sometimes heard but not 
in general use, (a) 1 bpopc nó 1 
mbof c (M.) : he was a. drowned, 
bí f é 1 bpof c a beit bÁróce ; bí p é 
a cottiAi|\ (cóip) a beit bÁróce 
(Don.) ; (&) cof a le (Don.) ; (c) 
bunÁice, bunÁicróe -j bunÁitce 
(Con.) : the rain is a. over, ua An 
■peA|\tAinn b. ca^c ; he spent a. 
the whole of his life in England, 

1 SAfAtiA a CA1Ú fé bunÁice a 

■|AAlb CAltCe T>'a fAOgAt (111. t)., 

Cnoc ua n^^bA). 


( 60 ) 


Alms, n., anything given gratui- 
tously to the poor, t)éipc, gen. 
-e, /. (c/. peAjvc, love, *oe peipc) ; 
AtmpAin, -e, /. 

Almsgiver, n., a giver of alms, 
pAnncóip "oéipice. 

Alms-giving, a., the giving of alms, 
(1) "oéipceAc, -cige ; (2) *oéij\c- 
eAriiAil, -rhtA : ní't T>Aowe com- 

T)éinceAmAlt ATlOlf *] bÍ0T)Ap pAT)Ó, 

people are not so a. now as they 
were long ago ; (3) AtmpAnAc, 

Alms-house, %., a poor-house, (1) 
cig (ceAc, U.) t\a mbocc ; (2) cij 
nd mboccÁn ; (3) cig T>éince. 

Aloes, a kind of shrub, (1) puAt- 
píonAó (p. 1.) ; (2) Atoep (Ps. 

Aloft, ad, on high, (1) tuA^ ; (2) 
1 n-Áijvoe. 

Alone, a., (1) (a) quite by one's self, 
aot\a]\ : ni mAic At» mnne t>o beit 
'n-A AonAp {Gen. 2, 18) ; and 
she a., Agtjf í 'n-A hAonAp ; a. 
am I, (i) ip AoriAi|\ mipe, (ii) Am' 
AonA|\ ACAim ; better a. than in 
bad company, ip -peÁ|\t> -<vo' 
AonA|\ riA te T)f\oc-ctiroeAccA (M. 
prov.) ; (b) single, AonAnAC ; Aon- 
|\aic (Con.) ; Aowmc (J.ran) ; cá 
mé im' aou|\aic (Con.) ; (c) 
solitary, AonApÁncA(c). 

(2) Of or by itself, by himself, 
herself or themselves; only, Am dm 
man liveth not by bread a., 
ni ie bAf\Án AtriAm mAipeAnn 
An -ounie (Luke 4, 4) ; but God 
a. knows whether that be true, 
acc if Ag T)ia AriiÁ-m acá piop 
An piojA fin ; it is not that a., 
ní hé pm a. ; for their age a., 
Cfie n-A n-Aoif AmÁm. 

(3) Apart from or exclusive of 
others, (a) teip -pém : bíop tiom 
pétn (tiom pém, W. Lim..,, where 
the p in this collocation =h), 

I was a. ; (b) aj\ teicmj;, in 
spoken language teitteAtAc 
(Din.), alone, separate, by one- 
self. Let me alone, teig T>om 
pén (pém, W. Lim.). 

Along, ad., (1) forward, onward, (a) 
pÁ'n (-peAt) An) : a. the road, 
pÁ'n bótAif\ ; a. the river, p. nA 
TiAbAnn ; a. the fences, -pÁ nA 
5CtAt)tAc ; (b) bíop Ag ^AbÁit An 
bótA^, I was going a. the road ; 
(c) ctnn T>e : cuif\ pé ax\ bótAjv 
•oe, he went a. the road ; (d) 
westward a. the road, piAfA An 
bócA-p ; (e) they were going a. 
talking, bíoT)Att aj imteACc j\ómpA 
1 1AT) A5 CAmnc ; (/) he was going 
a., bí pé A5 T>ut tAfvc. 

(2) In company with, together 
with, (a) 1 n-ém-peACc te ; (b) 
bpocAip a beit x>eAVo cÁim *OAtt, 
a. with being poor I am blind ; 
(c) 1 5ctn > oeAccAin teip, a. with 
him ; (d) 1 T>ceAnncA teip, ditto ; 
(e) 1 bpAttAt) : U05 -pAjAAc é, take 
him along with you, cóg pé 
pAimp é, he took him a. with 
him ; (/) te coip , te CAoib : 
en Ait) ré te n-A coip (nó tAoib), 
he went a. with him ; (g) mAitte 
te ; (h) mA|\ Aon te : come a., 
ca|\ mAp Aon tiom ; (i) céAnAm 


Along, prep., (1) aj\ peAt) : and 
they went a. the highway, 
Agnf > o'imti5eA > oA-fA A|\ peAt) nA 
ptijeAT) mói|\e (1 Sam. 6, 12). 

Along with, ad., 1 bpocAijv, 
1 n-AompeAcc te, mAitte te, 
mA|\ Aon te. 

Idiom, get a. with you ! (a) 
bAitij tPAC ; (b) imti$ teAC ; 
(c) pmbAit teAC ; (d) pmbAit 
jAórhAc ; (e) pÁ^ mo -pA*óAt\c ; (/) 

P5F i °r ^ e ^ c ; (9) r éi *° teAC (° r -) » 

(/1) beif Ap "otnc (Or.). 


( 61 ) 


Alongside, ad., side by side with, 

(1) 1 scoif ; (2) tÁíríi te ; (3) 
€Aob te ; (4) te covp ; (5) Ap 
a jjuAtAmn, a. with him. 

Aloof, ad., at a short distance, 
apart, (1) aitiac ó ; (2) aja teAt- 


Aloud, ad., loudly, (1) 50 hÁjvo ; 

(2) óf ájvo. 

Alphabet, n., the letters of a lan- 
guage arranged in the customary 
order, Aibgitif, -c|\e, /. 

Alphabetical, a., AibjicneAtfiAit, 

Alpine, a., pertaining to the Alps, 
AtpAC, -Aije. 

Already, ad., prior to some specified 
time, by this time, (1) ceAnA 
(pron. hanna, M.) : it rains a., 
€Á -pé a<5 cuf\ peAyvtAwne ceAnA ; 
Joseph was in Egypt a., t>o 
bí lóreph fAn Crgipc ceAnA 
(ita. 1,5); (2) foitfie fo. 

Also, con], and ad., (1) in like 
manner, likewise, rnAj\ An 
5céA*onA : óij\ 51*0 bé bAtt Ann a 
bptnt buf n-ionnriiAf , if Ann fin 
biof bu|v genome m. a. 5c. (Mat. 
6, 21) ; because that he is 
flesh also, *oe b^ij 511^ -peóit 
eifeAn m. a. 5c. (Gen. 6, 3). 

(2) In addition, too, further, 
besides, as well, (a) pór : so do 
God to me and more a. if I 
taste bread or aught else till 
the sun be down, -oéAnAT) T)ia 
triA|\ f ÚT) tiom-fA 1 cuitteAtfi -pór 
niÁ blAifim A|\Án nó émníx) eite, 
nó 50 nx)eAóAit) (50 T>cévó) An 
gjviAn -pAoi (2 Sam. 3, 35) ; 
God do so to me and more a. 
if .... 50 mjeAjWAit) *Oia rm -j 
-pór níof mó tiom-rA intinA .... 
(2 Sam. 19, 13) ; -oo tAob pop 
nA n-AingeAt, also (= further) as 
to the angels (P. L.) ; A^ur pop, 
and also = besides ; (b) (i) popcA 

(a form of pop , Or.) : nnteócAT» 
Ann popcA ; (ii) teif : pAjAt) 
(p acao) Ann teip (M.) ; (hi) 
ppeipm : pACAT) Ann ppeipm 
(Con.), in each case, I will go 
there also = too, as well. 

(3) lotrioppo, now seldom used. 

Altar, n., the communion table, (1) 
Atcoip, gen. -ópA(c) and -e, pi. 
-óijaí, /. (cf. L. altare ; W. altor ; 
Bret, auter ; Corn, altor). Cf. 
Oss. III. 262.) Pagan altar, 
cpornteAc, -bice, -a, /. 

Altar-cloth, n., the cover for an 
altar, bpAc AtcópA, m. 

Altar-rails, n., cpAnngAit, -e, /. 

Alter, v.t., to change in some 
respect, to vary, to modify, 
(1) Aircfugim, -mjAt) : x>Á n-Aip- 
cfieóóAT) An 5A0C, if the wind 
would change (P. O'L.) ; (2) 
Atjunjim, -ujatd (to vary) ; (3) 
ctAocUnjmi, -tó*ó. 

Alterable, a., (1) capable of being 
altered, po-Aipcpigce. 

(2) Fit to be altered, ion- 

Alterableness, n., the quality of 
being alterable, (1) AtpurgteAcc, 
-a, /.; (2) AifCjnjceAcc, /.; (3) 
fo -At iwijAt), -mjce, m. 

Alteration, n., the act of altering 
or the state of being altered, 
(1) AifCjMugAT), -ijte, m. ; (2) 
AifuijAt), -tnjce, m.; also ACApp- 
ac, -A15, -Aije, m. (ÁtpAC, U.) : 

CtAOCtÓT) -| ACAppAC (AtpuJAT)) A 

t)éAnAtri rriAp t>o f AoiteAT) a beic 
piACCAnAC nó coriigA^AC, to make 
such changes and alterations as 
were considered to be necessary 
or expedient (P. L.) ; (3) cLao- 
ctcró, -a, m.; (4) triAlAipc, -a|\ca, 
%>l. -reACA, /. 

Alterative, a., causing alteration, 
AUAppACAtfiAit, -rrilA. 


( 62 ) 


Altercation, n., a wordy contest, 

(1) confpóro, gen. -e, pi. -Í /. ; 

(2) cíféib, gen. -e, pi. -eACA, /.; 

(3) imf\eAf Án, gen. and pi. -fáin m; 

(4) bAjtforo, gen. and pi. -tnoT>A, 
/.; (5) cALLÁn, -Ám, m. (Or.) ; 
(6) cumfgieo, g. id. m.; (7) 
T>íofpóifeAóc, -a, /.; (8) uforo, 
-ot)a, /.; (9) coffÁro, -e, -Í, /. 
(? comtfOTO, J. if.). 

Altered, a., changed, Aifcfigte, 
At\< tngce. 

Altering, n., the act of changing, 
AifcfuigAt), -i$te, m.; (2) At- 
fnrgAt), -is 15c e, m. 

Alternate, a., succeeding by turns, 
(1) le&t a\\ he&t ; (2) feAtAT>AC, 
-Aije ; (3) f eAlAráeAc, -"oi^e. 

Alternation, n., reciprocal succes- 
sion, (1) feALuroeAcc, /.; (2) 
uAnAróeAóc, -a, /.; (3) AiUroeAoc, 
-a, /• (N.). 

Alternately, ad., succeeding by 
turns, (1) f A -peAc ; (2) 50 
f eAtA*oAc ; (3) jac f e f eAt ; 
(4) f ó f eAc ; (5) 5AC f e "ocAinAtt 
(P. O'L.) ; (6) 5 ac |\e reAT) ; (7) 
5AC Aon A|\ a f eAt, each a. or in 
his turn (Tyr.) ; (8) 5AC fve tÁ ; 
5ac T)ÁfnA tÁ (Or.), on alternate 
days ; (9) 5AC fe n-A-m ; (10) 
1 rvoiAró a céite. 

Alternative, a., disjunctive, aic- 
eAfn ac, -Aige ; acji ac (Con.). 

Alternative, n., a choice of two or 
more things : we have no alter- 
native, ní féroif tmn a rhAtAinc 

T)0 'ÓéATIAlÍI ; tlí'l A mAtAlfC te 

'oéAtiAtn AgAinn. 
Alternating, n., mAtAifc, g. -e, and 

-Af€A, pi. -eACA, /. 

Although, (1) though, ciot), 510*0, 
51*0, cé, 56, plus 50 for the 
present and ^u\\ for the past 
affirmative, and uac, uaja for 
neg. : 5V0 nAc mbionn, a. there 

be not (Or.) ; a. that was near, 
51T) 50 j\Aib fin AitgeAff (Ex. 
13, 17). 

(2) Be it that, granted that, 
010*0, gráeAt), Af fon, a. thou 
movedst me against him, bio*o 
5Uf cofftng ctifA nufe n-A 
AjAró (Job 2, 3) ; bíot) -j nÁp 
iAbAif Aomne, a. no one spoke ; 
fiúT) if 50 (Tyr.). 

(3) Supposing that, mA cá 50 
(nó 5«f) : mÁ cÁ uac (nó nÁf), 
a. my house be not so, mÁ cá 
uac bftnt mo C15 rriAf fin 
(2 Sam. 23, 5) ; a. I was a 
husband unto them, mÁ cá 50 
fAib me Am' feAf cije "óóib 
(Jer. 31, 32). 

(4) Notwithstanding, tAf ceAnn 

Altisonant, a., high-sounding, (1) 
AjvofojAftAc, -Aige ; (2) ajvo- 
f uAimneAc, -mje ; (3) Ájvogtóf ac, 
Altitude, n., (1) height, Aoijvoe, 
g. id. /., 1 n-Aoifoe in height, 
1 n-Áijvoe on high (M.). 

(2) Highest point or degree, 
Ajvocéim, -e, -eAnnA, m. : x>o 
ffoit fé Áif*océim nA nAT>uife 
"oaoua, he reached the a. of 
human greatness (O'Beg.). 
Altivolant, a., high-flying, Aijvo- 

eiceAttAc, -Aige. 
Altogether, ad., (1) wholly, (a) 
50 ntnte (50 ntntró, Con. and U., 
pron. U1LÍ5; 50 titnte, Don.), 50 
ntntróe : yet not a. the fornica- 
tors of this world, acc ni Viiat) 

fCfiopACA ATi CfAOJAlt-fe 50 

ntntroe (1 Cor. 5, 10) ; (b) 50 
rnomtAn : the judgments of the 
Lord are true and righteous a., 
if fífmneAó bfeiceAtiwAfA An 
UijeAfnA Aguf ceAfc 50 111. (Ps. 
19, 9) ; (c) colloq., x>ut -7 t>ac : 
to hunt him out of Ireland a., 


( 63 ) 


a 'óíbift Af éimnn x>ut -\ T>At 

(2) Completely, solely, (a) Af 
f a*o (M.) : T)Á mbA ftro é b^ 
bío*ó (riAó tnbíoT)) An biA*o 
Clin A T>COlte AfV fAT> (P. 

O'L.), if it should happen that 
that the food was not a. to their 
liking ; (b) cfi*o ahiac : except 
thou make thyself a. a prince 
over us, mutiA n'oéAtiAró cú 
pmonnfA -óíoc féw tfít) auiaó 
óf Áf gcionn (Numb. 16, 13). 

(3) Without exception, 50 téif 
and tnte 50 Léif : iat> 50 Léif , 
every one of them ; 50 •oeiifun if 
-oioriiAomeAf 50 téif An mte 
■ó'tntie t)á f eAbAf a f cáit> verily 
every man at his best is a. 
vanity, (c/. Ps. 39, 5). 

Alum, AiUm, -e, /. 

Always, ad., (1) ever, throughout 
all time, (a) *oo fiof , 50 fiof : 
*oe bfij 50 bf tut, Af n-AnmAnnA 
"oobAfAó "oo fiof, because our 
souls are a. immortal (P. L.) ; 

(b) 50 fíofftn-óe, or more em- 
phatic still. 50 bitfíon f uróe ; 

(c) 50 *oeó : God help us a., 
T)ia tmn 50 "oeó ; T)ia 50 *oeó 
Vinn ; (d) 50 bfAc : 50 bfAc nA 
beAtA (emphatic), your son is 
not your son to-morrow, but 
your daughter is your daughter 
a., ní bé t>o rhAc, *oo rhAC 
AmAi|\eAc ; acc if í *oo mjeAn 
*oo mj eAn 50 bfAc í (Or.). 

(2) At all times (past), (a) 
fiAiii, AfiArii : were you a. like 
that ? fAbAif rriAf f m f iAm ? ; 
as happened to me a., mAf 
tÁfi-A AfiAtn "oom ; (b) (future) 
coróce : he will not a. chide, 
neither will he keep his anger 
for ever, ní bero fé coróce 1 
n-wifeAfÁn, ní mó cuniineócAf 

fé a f eA TV5 50 fíoffuróe (Ps. 
103, 9). 

(3) Continually, invariably, 
uniformly, (a) x>o jnAt : for I 
do a. those things that please 
him, T>e bf-15 50 moéAnAim "oo 
j;nÁt nA neite if miAn teifeAn 
(John 8, 29) ; for the poor 
a. ye have with you, but me 
you have not a., óif acayo ua 
boióc bAf bf Af f At) x>o gnÁt aóc 
ní bero mife *oo jnÁc A^Aib 
(John 12, 8) ; he was a. doing 
that same thing, bí f é *oo jnAt 
A5 T)éAnAni An ftro céATmA fin ; 
the covetous is a. in want, if 
jjnAt fAnncAó 1 fUACCAnAf (Cow. 
prov., T. Con.) ; (b) 1 scomnuroe: 
1 5. 1 nx)eifi|\ "| 1 5c. Af "oeif eAt), 
a. in a hurry and a. behind 
(U. prov., H. M. 368) ; ca pie 
5An comnuroe 1 5c. f Auac, a poet 
without a home is a. wandering 
(W. Lim.) ; will he a. call upon 
God ? An ngoif f ró f é 1 5c. Af 
T)ia? (Job 27, 10) ; as ye have 
a. obeyed, mAf tug fib umtAoc 
t»Aib 1 scotimuroe (Phil. 2, 12). 

(4) Constantly, at particular 
times or stated intervals, (a) a 
•ocóL<vó, a "ocótAni no 1 "ouotAim ; 
it is a 'ocótAini in Con. and 17., 
but a *ocótA*ó, Don., and a 
T>cóLAim, Mayo, a •oceotAt», Or.; 
CÁ An 1Á A T>€ÓlA1tt'l A5 An 
CAob "oe'n "oorhAin acá te 
bA^Aix) nA 5féme (Ward, Don.) ; 
bíonn níof mó ceó Af An gcnoc a 
"ocóiAirh nA biof Annfo, there is a. 
more mist on the mountain than 
here ; (b) idiom, (i) jac Am ni 
beAgnAc fAoi, [even] a sage is 
not a. wise (Hard. II., p. 402) ; 
(ii) 50 coicceAnncA. 

(5) To the end of the world : 
I am with you a. to the end of 
the world, cAim-fe Imp bfocaif 


( 64 ) 


5AÓ Aon LÁ 50 > oei|\eAX) Ati 
CfAo£AiL (Mat. 28, 20) ; 50 

Am, first sing, of the verb be, pres. 
ind., cÁim, AcÁim ; cá mé, I 
am ; ACÁim Annfo, I am here ; 
ÁcÁnrif e AopuA, I am old ; (2) 
if mif e : say to my soul I am 
thy salvation, -pÁi'ó Lett»' AtiAm, 
if mife*oo fLArmg-iVo (Ps. 35, 3) ; 
(3) ní'Um ( = ní fvuLim), I am 
not. (Cf. I am; Gr. 'eí/xi'; L. 
sum ; Skr. ásmi ; Ir. if mé, 
cÁim ; he is, Gr. karri ; L. est ; 
Skr. ásti ; Ir. cá \ é.) 

Amain, acL, vigorously, violently, 
with full force, with all one's 
might, exceedingly, vehemently, 
swiftly, intensely, 50 *oiAn ; te 
■ptnrme-dm ; 50 piAccAC (Or.). 

Amalgam, n., an alloy of mercury 
with another metal, coimteAtjAn, 
-Am, m. 

Amalgamate, v.t., to mix so as to 
make a uniform compound, (1) 
cumAfgAim, -a*o ; (2) coimteA$- 
Aim, -At). 

Amalgamation, n., a homogeneous 
union, (1) coimeAfgA'ó, -jtA, m.; 
(2) coimteAgAt), -§ca, m. 

Amanuensis, n., a person whose 
duty it is to write from dicta- 
tion, (1) ctéij\eAó, -jug, m.; (2) 
|\únAi|ve, g. id., pi. -pi, m.; (3) 
5j\Aipneóip, m.; (4) púriAróe, m.; 
(5) fgpíbneóip, -ópA, -pí, m.; (6) 
no*OAipe, #. id., pi. -pi, m. 

Amaranth, n. (Bot.), a genus of 
ornamental annual plants (amar- 
anthus), (1) tuf An jpÁró, m.; (2) 
tup mAptAtiAó, m., a species of 
plants with green, crimson or 
purple flowers and apparently 
called mApcAriAó because they 
lasted so long without fading. 

Amaritude, n., bitterness, r-eAffoAr-, 


Amass, v.t, (1) to collect into a 
mass or heap, (a) bAiU$im, 
-lu^A'O ; (b) cpuimnjim, -lugAt) ; 
(c) cÁptiAim, -At> and -ail. 

(2) To gather a great quantity 
of, cnuAfAim, -At). 

(3) To accumulate, ctupim 1 
^ceAnn a óéite. 

Amassable, a., capable of being 
amassed, (1) pobAitijte ; (2) 
rocfunmngte ; (3) pocrmAp ua. 

Amassed, a., collected together, (1) 
bAitit;te ; (2) cpmnnrste ; (3) 


Amassing, n., the act of heaping 
up or gathering together, (1) 
bAiUujAt), -ijte ; (2) cnuApAC, 
-A15, m.; (3) cÁpnÁit, -áIa, /.; 
(4) a<5 CApnugA'ó (Or.). See 

Amassment. See Amassing. 

Amative, a., full of love, spÁ-óAó, 

Amativeness, n., propensity to 
love, gpÁ-óAóc, -a, /. 

Amatorial, a., of or pertaining to 
love-making, 5pÁ>óAmAit, -mtA. 

Amatory, a., pertaining to, pro- 
ducing or expressing love, 5pÁt)AC 

Amaze, v.t., uAtbÁpAim, -At) : I was 
amazed at it, T)o ótnp pé uAtbÁf 
opm ; X)o OAineAt) ^eic ApAtn. 

Amazement, n., overwhelming won- 
der from surprise, sudden fear, 
horror, admiration, etc., (1) ion- 
gAticAf , -Aif , m. (wonder) ; (2) 
uAtóÁf , -Aif , m. (terror) ; (3) 
AttuAcc, -a, /. (wildness) : lon^nA'ó 
A^tjf AttcAóu, wonder and amaze- 
ment (P. O'L.) ; (4) uAtfiAn, -Am, 
m. (C/. W. ofn, fear, awe ; 
Corn, own ; Bret, aoun.) 

Amazing, a., very wonderful, 
lon^AncAc, -Aijje ; uAtbÁpAó, 


( 65 ) 


Amazingly, ad., 50 fuotisAncAC ; 50 


Amazon, n., a tall, strong, mascu- 
line woman, (1) 5^1^50 edn, /. 
(G. D.), bAngAifsi-oeAC, /.; (2) 
d-atiLaoc, /.; cioctoifste, /. 

Ambages,, circumlocution, 
" rims " in a story, n., f50|tAi"óe 
(pí.), W. : t>o cAitteAp tia r^ofi- 
AYbe, I have forgotten the 
" runs "; (2) lompocAt, -Ait, m. 
(O'R.) ; (3) có$u&*ó cAtA (M.) ; 
also CAic^éimeArmA and cutAite 

Ambassador, n., (1) a minister sent 

to a foreign court to represent 

his country, (a) cAi-oteóif\, -ójva, 

~|aí, m.; (5) te-AgÁiT), -e, -1, m. 

(legate) ; (c) fvigteAccAijAe, fyert. 

it/. -|ví. in. (O'Beg.). 

(2) An official messenger, (a) 

ceACCAij\e, gf. id. pi. -f\í, m. (G. D.) 

(&) ceACCA, </. id. pi. id. m.; (c) 

5ioLtA ctijiAif ; (d) cof5Aij\e, m. 

Ambassadress, n., a female am- 
bassador, bAinceACCAifte, /. 

Ambe, n., splint for broken bones, 
cti At, -teite, -a, /.; ctéicín, g. 
id. m. 

Amber, n., a yellowish fossil resin, 
ónifiA, m.; gen. id. m. , also 
óuiAfi and ómb|\A (O'Beg.). 

Ambidexter, a., using both hands 
with equal ease, •óAtArhAc, -Aije ; 
coinroeAf , -eife. 

Ambidexter, n., a person who- uses 
both hands with equal dexterity, 
•oálaitiac, -A15, m. 

Ambidexterity, n., the faculty of 
using both hands with ease, 
t)ÁtÁuiACc, -a, f. 

Ambidexterous, a., having the 
faculty of using both hands 
with ease, (1) x>eAylÁmAt, -Atge ; 
(2) -óÁlÁmAc, -Aige ; (3) coirii- 
•óeAr, --óeif e : ctif ce ajv av\ táitfi 
•óeif Agtjf An tÁufi clé. 

Ambient, a., encompassing on all 
sides, (1) omceAtLAc ; (2) tuA- 
5cuai|\u (O'Beg.). 

Ambiguity, n., doubtfulness or 
uncertainty, (1) pofCAoin, -e, /.; 
(2) neuricirmceAcu, -a, f. ; (3) 
ArhfidfAcu, -a, /.; (4) T)oité^A- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

Ambiguous, a., (1) doubtful or 
uncertain, equivocal, ueirii 
ciunce(Ac) ; (3) T>oitéif, -e ; (2) 

Atflf\AfAC, -Aije. 

Ambit, n., circuit or compass, (1) 
omceAtt, -citt, m.; (2) cornpÁf, 
-Áif , m. 

Ambition, w., an eager desire for 
preferment, honour or power, 

(1) 5tóit\rhiAíi, g. -riieme, /.; (2) 
tiAiLLrhiAti, -n'iéine, /.; (3) Áifvo- 
uuAriguf , -uif , m. (G. B.) ; (4) 
Aijvoincinn, -e, f. (Tyr.). 

Ambitious, a., greatly desirous of 
honour, office, power or dis- 
tinction, (1) gLoiyv tin An ac, -Aige ; 

(2) uAiLLrhiAtiAC, -Aijje ; (3) ceArm- 
ÁjVOAc, -Ai£e ; (4) stóijvtíoriCA, 

Ambitious person, uAiLLmiAnAc, 

-A15, m. 
Ambitiousness, n., the quality of 

being ambitious, 5Lóif\riiiAtiAcr, 

-A, /.; (2) UAlLtUl1AnAC€, -A, f. 

Ambitus, n., the exterior edge or 
border of a thing, CAcmAnj;. 
-triAitig, m. 

Amble, v.t., to go at an easy pace, 
frÁlfitiigim, -115A0 ; also pAtfiAim, 


Amble, n., a peculiar, easy pace of 
a horse in which both legs at 
the same side are moved at the 
same time and so on alternately, 
ipAlpAmeAcz, -a, f. ; 1 n-éijuc "oo 
óof 1 n-ÁifVoe "oéAtipAi^ pAlpAi"*)- 
eAóc 50 loo T)eAí\5, as penance 
for your gallop [to hell] you will 
amble to Lough Derg (]?Aoifoin 


( 66 ) 


Piac|va tilic t3]AAT)Ai5, D. A. 148) ; 
(2) pAtAlfteACC, -a, f. 

Ambler, n., a horse that ambles, 
pAtAifve, gen. id. pi. -^í, m. ; 
cApALL nó 5eAfVfvÁn pAtAifieAccA. 
Ambling, n., the act of going at 
an easy pace like a horse, pAt- 
}\a*ó, -Apt a, m.; -p.dLAme.4cc, -a, f. 
Ambrosia, n., the fabled food of 
the gods, biA*o v\a iyoia mbjAerge 
nó b-pALLf a. 
Ambrosia, n., a plant (A. arte- 
niisigefolia), (1) mbAfv ftéibe ; 
(2) ptibÁn ftéibe ; (3) peAT> 
coitte (wild). 
Ambulant, a., moving from place 

to place, rmbtAC, -Aige. 
Ambulatory, a., accustomed to 
move from place to place, (1) 
cAipceAllAc, -Aije ; (2) Aif cneAC, 
-|vije ; (3) ctiAfvcAc, -A15C 
Ambuscade, Ambush, n., (1) lying 
in wait to attack an enemy, (a) 
lui£eAóÁn, -Aw, m.; (b) poji- 
cAmÁf, -Áif, m.; (c) oi|\citt, -e, 
/, ; (d) po|\pAi|ve ; (e) Airhfuocc, 
-a, m. (G. D.) ; (/) eA'OAfWAi'oe, 
//. id. m.; (g) peAt)Af\nAc, -Aije, 
-a, f. (Or.). 

(2) The place of concealment, 
(a) -pAitiofÁn, -Ám, m.; (b) pofibAf , 
m. (O'R.). 

(3) The troops lying in am- 
bush, AtriAf , -Air, m. 

Ameliorate, v.t. and i., to make 
or become better, teAf 11151m, 
-1154*0 ; AitteAf 11151m, -tijA"©. 

Amelioration, n., the act of making 
or becoming better, LeAftigA'o, 

Ameliorated, a., improved, teAf- 

Amen, n., ad. and inter j., assent, 
concurrence in belief, (1) Amen : 
Agtif Ab^Araif 11A T>Aoine tnte 
Ámen, and let all the people 
say Amen ; (2) biot) mA\\ fin. 

! Amenability, n., liability to an- 
swer, -pfieAgJVACC, -a, /. 

| Amenableness, n., the quality of 
being amenable, pneA5AficA)\ 
-Aif, m. 

; Amenable, a., answerable, account- 
able, p|\eA5|\Ac, -A15C 
Amend, v.t. , (1) to change or modify 
for the better, (a) teAf 11151m, 
-U5AT), fut LeAfóóA'o ; (b) aic- 
LeArurgim, -11540 (G. D.): amend 
your ways and your doings, 
LeAftngi'ó X>a\k ftigce A5tif bA^ 
n5íorhA (Jer. 7, 3) ; if you 
thoroughly a. your ways, tru\ 
teAf 11150 X)Ap fti5úe 50 tiiomtÁn 
(Jer. 7, 5). 

(2) To improve, -peAbAp -oo 
cu-ja A|A ; also peAbA-pu 151m, -ti^At), 
fut. -peAbAf^AT) and -peAbAfooAo. 

(3) To rectify, ceAnctnjpm, 

-tig At), fut CeAfCÓCAT). 

Amend, v.i., to grow better, to 
improve, pAgAim -pAoifeAm nó 
■pAoif eAt) : the hour when he 
began to amend, An iiaij\ -puAij\ 
f é -pAoifeAT) (John 4, 52) ; -out 
1 bpeAbAf. 
Amendable, a., capable of being 

amended, -poiteAfurgte. 
Amended, a., made better. (1) 

ceAficmgce ; (2) LeAf ingce. 
Amende, n., a pecuniary punish- 
ment or fine, éi|\ic, -e, -i, /. 
Amende honorable, emeAc, -mg, rn. 
Amending, n., the act of making 
better, (1) LeApugAT), -tngce, m.; 
(2) ceAfcugAt), -tirgte, m.; (3) 
becoming better, A5 eipge ntop 
Amendment, n., (1) an alteration 
for the better, (a) teA-ptigAT), 
-ingte ; (b) AitteAf 115AT) ( G. D.). 

(2) Improvement, (a) bifeAc, 
-fig, m.; (b) -pAoifeAm, -fim, m. 

(3) Rectification of a fault, 
ceAfvcujjAX), -tngte. 


( 67 ) 


Amends, n., compensation for a 
loss or injury, (1) eineACLAmi, 
-lAinne, /.; (2) fÁrAtíi, -auti ; (3) 
ctiiceAtfi, -cirfi, m. 

Amenity, n., being agreeable or 
pleasant in disposition, manner 
or climate, (1) cAitneArhACc, -a, 
/.; (2) rÁrhAóc, -a, /.; (3) rutx- 
rh AifteAcc, -A, f. ; (4) 5f\eAnn , -funti , 

Amerce, v.L, (1) to punish with a 
pecuniary penalty, (1) ctnfim 
caw An ; (2) cÁinpicim, -ceAt). 

Amerced, a., fined, (1) cÁin-picte ; 
(2) *oo seAfAfWVó *oeic fgittinge 
aij\, he was amerced 10s. 

Amercement, n., the infliction of 
a penalty, also the fine imposed, 
cAinpceAt), gen. -cue, m.; (2) 
éinic, gen. -ce, /.; (3) ptAic, 
-e, -eAntiA, /.; (4) rjvAic, gen. 
-e, /. 

Amercing, n., inflicting a penalty, 
cÁwpceAT), -cte, m. 

American, n., (1) a native of 
America, Arnej\iocÁnAC, -415, m.; 
(2) a native of the United States, 
putwcÁn, -Am, m. 

American, a., (1) of or pertaining 
to America, AmefuocÁriAc, -Aige ; 
(2) to the United States, punn- 
cÁnAC, -Aije. 

'Americanism, n., custom peculiar 
to, (1 ) America, AmefuocÁnAóc, 
-a ; (2) to the United States, 
punncÁrtAcc, a, f. 

\Amethyst, s., Atnear (K., M.). 

\Amiability, s., (1) seAnArhiAcc, -a, 
/.; (2) iÁgAóc, -a, /'.; (3) Sfutt)- 
rhAijteAcu, a, /.; (4) cAitneAtú- 
acc, -a, /., etc. See Amiable. 

1 Amiable, a., (1) loving, (a) seAriArii- 
aM, -riitA : often was ugly amia- 
ble, and pretty sulky, ir mime 
a oí 5|\ÁnnA jjeAnAiriAilir *OAtAtfi- 
Ait *ootiA ; (2) muij\neAc, -mge ; 
(3)5eAriAfAC, -Aije ; (4)sj\Át)tfiAf , 

-Aifie ; (5) ceAnAifiAiL, -mU\ ( G. 

(2) Gracious, (a) ceAnÁtxA, 
incL; (b)féufi, -e ; (c) mo'OArhAiL, 

(3) Kindly, (a) míontA, ind.; 
(b) uiémeAriiAiL, rhtA. 

(4) Friendly, (a) ctimAunAc, 
-Ai$e ; (b) CAfvúAnriAc, -Aige. 

(5) Sweet, (a) LÁ5AC, -Aije 
(pron. LÁjóAije) ; (b) fo<5juvóAc, 

(6) Pleasing, (a) cAitneAtriAc, 
. -Aige ; (b) cAitneAtftAit, -nit a ; (c) 

5|\eAt)riAc, -rnge ; (d) 5j\eArmiv»Afi, 
-Ai^e (G. D.) ; (e) f uaij\c, -e, (Or.). 

Amiable woman, n., ^eAtiAfój, 
-óige, -a, /. 

Amiableness. #ee Amiability. 

Amiably, «c?., in an amiable man- 
ner, 50 5eAnArhAil, 50 jnATmiAft, 
50 ceAtinfA, 50 tAjAc, etc. 

Amicable, a., rrunrmceAfvoA, ind. 
/See Amiable. 

Amicably, ad., in an amicable 
manner, 50 rntnrmceAiróA. 

Amice, n., a square of white linen 
worn about the neck and shoul- 
ders while saying Mass, miocc, 
gen. id. m. (of. L. amictus). 

Amid, } prep., (1) among, in the 

Amidst, > midst of or surrounded 
by separable things, (i) rnieAfg, 
followed by gen.; (ii) roij\, fol- 
lowed by dat. : 1 n-Áj\ meAr-5, 
in our midst, amidst or amongst 
us ; urieAfg ha rvoAoitie : beAtin- 
mgte tu roi|\ trmÁiu, blessed art 
thou amongst women. 

(2) In the midst of things 
where the idea of separableness 
is not distinctly manifest : a. the 
gloom, 1 U\fi An •oofCA'OAir ; amid 
the storm, 1 LÁf\ ha ncuij\me. 

Amidships, art., in the middle of 
a ship with regard to her length, 
1 tÁf\ Untile. 


( 68 ) 


Amiss, ad., (1) wrongly , 50 note : 
ye ask and receive not, because 
ye ask amiss, lA^nA^ fib -j ni 
jeib fib T>e bfíg 50 n-iAfvptAoi 
50 note (Jas. 4, 3). 

(2) Astray, (a) triifoe : indeed 
it would not be amiss for some 
of them to be doing for them- 
selves, 50 *oeiriun fern nioj\ rmfoe 
*oo euro aca beit A5 oX)AM(\ 
(foLÁtAf) *óóib f ém ; (b) ArntróA ; 
(c) Af An rnbeAtAC. 

(3) 111, 50 "oonA. 

(4) Faultily, (a) 50 tniocApAvo: 
(b) 50 rníceA-pc ; (c) An ceA^y 

Amiss, a., wrong, faulty, out of 
order, improper, (1) neAiricóif\. 
-óf a ; (2) riAó cóifv : which speak 
anything amiss, noc tAOfAf Aon 
ní*ó nAó coif (Dan. 3, 29). 

Amity, n., friendship in a general 
sense between individuals, so- 
cieties or nations, (1) ca\\at>a]\ 
-Aif, m. (cÁifTmAf, G. D.); ? §a 

1Af f AVÓ A|\ T)1A fit "] CAf AT>Af t»o 

ctif ime,Af5 ua xmAome, (P. 0'L.)r 
(2) oÁró, -e, /.; (3) etimAnn, 
-Awn, I)?.; (4) conAitbe, grew. 
id. f. 

Ammunition, n., articles used in 
charging firearms, Anrnton, -óin, 
m.; fcójt, -óif\, m. 

Amnesty, n., pardon for persons 
engaged in an insurrection, rtiAic- 
rneACAf, gen. -Aif (G. D.) ; (2) 
rnAiteAtimAf , -Aif, m.; (3) 015- 
"óíotgAt), m. (O'Don. Sup.). 

Among, > prep., (1) making part 

Amongst,i of a number, (a) 
irneAfg, followed by gen. (cf. W. 
y mysk and Bret, emesq.) : iAf 
fin imeAfs ^ofoinge eite, after 
that a. another crowd (Conroy, 
II., c. 5) ; a. the sons of the 
priests, imeAf5 mAc via fA^Afc 
(Ezra 10, 18) ; but a woman 

a. all these have I not found, 
act: beAn 'n-A meAfj; -pin mte 
ní DfUAif mé (Eccles. 7, 28) ; 
ctiAiT) -pé 'n-A tneA-p5, he went 
a. them ; (b) Af : a. the saints t 
Afv tnriuf ha nAon'i ; a. the dead, 
Af fttiAj ua niAfO ; cÁ -pé Af 
ua -peAfAib if -peAff 1 n6ifinn, 
one a. the best men in Ireland ; 
An tíóij; teAc 50 bftnt feAf 
niACÁncA oftA, do you think 
there is an honest man a. 
them % ; (c) eroif , roif : if 
beAnntngte cú eroif riwÁio,. 
blessed are thou a. women ; 
she will be like a hare a. a pack 
of hounds, beró fi rriAf §ein ff iAt>- 
roif conAifc. 

(2) Expressing distribution, 
eroif, ix>ifv : and two small fishes r 
but what are they a. so many ? 

AgUf "ÓÁ lAfg OeAJA ACU CfeA"0 

ia"o f m eroif An oif eAT) fo (John 
(6, 9) ; T)o fown fé eAT>fAwn, 
(eAT)fAib, eA"oofúA) é, he divided 
it a. us, you. them. 

Amorist, n., a lover, a gallant, (1) 
fuifi§eAc, -515. m.; (2) SfÁ-ó- 
ui§teóin, -óf a, -ft, mi 

Amorous, a., of or relating to or 
produced by sexual love, (1) 
5^Át)Ac ; (2) mifeA|\CAc, -Aij;e. 

Amorously, ad., in an amorous- 
manner, 50 5fÁT)lflAf. 

Amorousness, the quality of being 
inclined to sexual love, gfÁ-óAcc, 

-A, /. 

Amorphous, a., having no deter- 
minate shape, 5Atv cum a. 

Amount, v.i., to come to in the 
aggregate : it does not a. to 
much, ní't puinn Ann ; it amounts 
to nothing, ni't Aon fut> Ann ; 
ni't T)At)Ai > ó Ann (Don.) : ni pin 
OiofÁn if é (M.). 

Amount, n., (1) the total of twojj 
or more sums or quantities. (*>j 


( 69 ) 


ftmri, -e, /.; (b) An u-iomLÁn, 
-Áin, ml; (c) amount of a bill, 
score, reckoning, cÁible, g. id. 

pi. -eACA, f. 

(2) Significance, result, value, 
méit), -e, m. : t>á rhéro c|\iot)tói > o 
a bí a^ (P. O'L.), whatever the 
a. of his distress. 

(3) Bulk, (a) méro, m.; (b) 
oijieAT), m.; (c) amount of work, 
sleep, etc., done at one time, 
(i) 5f eAf, -a, ml (W. Lim.) ; (ii) 
T>|\eAf, -a (Or.) ; (iii) coifs, -e, 

-Of5A, /. 

Amour, n., an illicit love affair, (1) 
cttiAW, -e, /.; (2)f eómi[\A'oóM[KeAúz, 

-A. f. 

Amphibious, a., living both on 
land and water, btiAt) niAineAtrmA 
a\\ ZAtAm nó -pÁ tiifse. 

Amphibiousness, n., the quality of 
being amphibious. See Am- 

Amphitheatre, n., a circular build- 
ing with seats round an open 
space, AYhA^ciAnn, -Awne, -a, f. 

Ample, a., (1) great in size, (a) 
roomy, spacious, pAi^rm^, -e ; 
(b) widely extended, (i) -poi^- 
leAtAn, -teitne ; (ii) poifteit- 
eAT>At, -Ai$e ;j (iii) p.-LeiteAT)- 
AtiiAit, -rhlA ;]j (c) diffusive, 
AibfeAc, -p§e (G. _D.). 

(2) Abundant, (a) fully suffi- 
cient, 50 Leon ; (b) copious, 
iíotirhAf\, -Aine ; (c) liberal, nAt)- 
Atfvf eAttiAit, -ttilA (M.), pLtnnreAC, 
-figé (M,). 

Ampleness,) w., the state of being 

Amplitude,) ample, (1) -pAiffin^e, 
g. id. /.; (2) LionrhAine, g. id. /.; 
( 3) ptúinre, g. id. /.; (4) nAt)Ainre, 
g. id. f. See Ample. 

Amplification, n.,(\) making roomy, 
pAi|\firi5iii5A > ó, -i£te, m.; (2) 
enlarging generally, méAmigAt), 
-tn£te ; (3) widening, pointeAt- 

AttugAt), -urgte, m.; (4) enlarg- 
ing a statement, rmnnijAt), -i$te, 

Amplifier, n., one who amplifies, (1) 
méAtmrgúeóin, m.>" (2) pointeAt- 
nuigceoin ; (3) rmmjteoin, -ójva, 
-|\í, m. 

Amplify, i?X, to make larger or 
more extended, (1) poinLeAt- 
rttngnm, -ugAt) ; (2) pAinrin5i§im, 
-iu^ao ; (3) tnitii$im. See Am- 

Amply, ad., in an ample manner, 
50 LÁn, 50 tíomtiAf, 50 |\At)Ai|\- 

Amputate, v.t. (Surg.), to cut off 
a limb, (1) ceAfgAim -At) ; (2) 
j;eAj\|\Aim, -At). 

Amputation, n., the operation of 
cutting off a limb, (1) ceArgAt), 
-~StA, m.; (2) geAnnAt), -aca, m. 

Amulet, n., a charm worn against 
disease, witchcraft, etc.(l)bnioc?:, 
g. bneACCA, m.; (2) óntA (also 
AptA), g. id. pi. -Á1, /. : cutiroAC 
nó f5iAttúit|veAc nó rtAbfVAt), nó 
nit) A|\ bit eite ciifvtAn -pÁ 
bfiÁgAVO, nó pÁ conp *ouine T)'a 
curiroAc Afi eArAntAráeAóc, nó a|\ 
Aicro (0 Beg.). 

Amuse, -u.i., to divert, to enter- 
tain, (1) foitbfum nó foitbfvtgitn, 
-mjAt) ; (2) fAobAim, -At) ; (3) 
meAttAim, -At) ; (4) ceAtgAim, 
-At) (An threog) ; A5 ceAVgAt) 
Lewb, fondling an infant (Or.) ; 
(5) b|\éA5Aim, -At). 

Amused, a., diverted, entertained, 
(1) meAttuA ; (2) f AobtA. 

Amusement, n., pastime, diver- 
sion, (1) cAiteArh Aimrifve ; (2) 
gfveAnn, g. snmn, m -? (3) ftitc, 
g. fuit£ : A^tif a bpAgAwn x>e 
futx 1 bptAiteAf tA\x (Oss. IV. 
40) ; and all the a. I should ge t 
in heaven beyond ; (4) rtntb- 
l^eAcc, -a, f.; (5) riAm-pA, gr. id. 


( ™ ) 


m. (Con.) : house of a.., ceAC An 

Ufi-AnifA (Con.) ; (6) téArn-pAró, 

-e, /. (U.) ; (7) cteAffAAt), -ato, 

m.; (8) Arnuuviroe, #ew. id. /. 

(G. D.) ; (9) AnctÁ-p, -Áif , m. 

(G. D.) ; (10) meruit, "ófieAc 

and -13-jAe, /.; (11) b-péAsriAt), 

-Ait), m. (Or.). 
Amusing, a., giving amusement, 

diverting, (1) 5f\eAtintriAf\, -Ai-pe ; 

(2) Sfurm, -e : fgéAt sjvmn (nó 

SIAeAnrmiAf), an a. story ; (3) 

riAinfAriiAit, -tiilA. 
Amusive, «., having power to 

amuse or entertain, sfeArmtfiAf , 

-Ai|\e ; cteAf ac, -Aije. 
An. There is no word in Irish 

for the indefinite article. It is 

always understood. 1-p eA-pcú í. 

it is an eel. 
Anabaptist, n., a member of a 

sect that believe in re-baptism, 

AriAbAifceAC, -C15, m. (cf. Gr. 

ávtt, again, and /^aTms-n??). 
Anabaptist, a., relating to the 

Anabaptists, AtiAbAi-pceAó, -oge. 
Analepsy, n., recovery of strength 

after sickness, -pAoireArh, -fnti, m. 
Analeptic, a., restorative, Ait- 

neAjActirgteAc, -ti§e. 
Analogical, a., founded. on analogy, 

COftflAtAC, -Ai§e. 

Analogically, ad., by way of simili- 
tude, 50 cofrhAlAc. 

Analogous, a., bearing a resem- 
blance or proportion to, (1) 
co-pttiAtAc, -Aige ; (2) gAoVmAf, 
-Aifve ; (3) coinrp|\eA5|VAc, -Aijge. 

Analogy, n., a likeness or corres- 
pondence between things which 
are otherwise different, (1) 
corrhAite(Acc), /. (eorrhAiteAf, 
-Up, dot. pi. -t-pib, m,, B.LL. I. 
144, 21) ; (2) Gram., AnAtAc, 
-Ai$e, /. (N.). In Sil. Gad. 
analogy is given as atiaIas, -Ai^e 
/. (K. M.). 

Analysis, n., (1) the resolution of 
anything to its elements, (a) 
léipvrheAf, -f€A, m.; (b) ftiAf, 
-a, m. (O'-R.) ; (e) piAfAt), -v-tza 

(2) (Gram.), (a) "oeALugAt), 
-tngte, m.; (b) mionfs^ú'otrgAt), 
-tjigte, m. (JV.). In B.LL. I. 
32, 3, the analysis of words is 
given as cAitnieAc, but in II. 
346 it is AitrheAc (€AittfieAc= > oo- 
AitrheAc ; cf. >oo-bei-|\ and cAbAiju 
— Uóf\riA). 

Analyst, n., one who analyzes, 
fr\AfAX)ó^ , -ó|\a, -fú, m. 

Analyze, v.t., to reduce a thing to 
its elements, (1) LéifitfieAfAim. 
-rheA-p : to analyze a patient's 
water, tufge otAifi "do LéijuiieAf : 
(2) ftiAfAim, -At) ; (3) -priAfuijim. 
-tagAt) (G. D.) ; (4) (Gram.) 
•oeAttujim, -ti^At). 

Analyzer. See Analyst. 

Analyzing, n., the act of reducing 
a thing to its elements, -ptiA-p- 

AT>Ó1|\eACU, a, /. 

Analytic, a., €AittrieAé (N.). See 
Analysis (2). 

Anaphora, n., (Rhet.) a repetition 
of a word or words at the begin- 
ning of two or more successive 
clauses, aca|\cax), -cca, m. (N.). 

Anarchy, n., absence of law or 
government. mijviAgAit, -Q»a, /. 

Anastrophe, n. (Rhet. and Gram.) 
an inversion of the natural order 
or words, lompó'ó, -urgte, m. (N.) 

Anathema, n., a ban or curse pro- 
nounced with religious solemnity, 

(1) coTnneAlbÁCA'ó, -bÁitce, m. : 

(2) mAttAcu eA^tAif e : t>o téigeAt) 
fAitm riA mAltAcc ai^ -j t)o 
cm\\eA*o -pé comneAtbÁtA'ó é 
(P. O'L), he was anathematised 
and excommunicated ; (3) let him 
be anathema, bfot) fé tnAlttngte 
(1 Cor. 16, 22). 


( n ) 


Anathematise, v.t, to pronounce 
an anathema against. mAtUnjim, 

Anathematised, a., banned or 
cursed, comneAtbÁitce ; rtiAtt- 
urgte (pron. rnALUnfce, Or.). 

Anatomize, v.t, to dissect, cofip- 
ftiAf-Aim, -a*ó ; cofprnAruignn, 


Anatomist, n., one skilled in dis- 
section, cof\pfnA-pAi-|Ae, g. id. pi. 
-fti, m. 

Anatomy, n., the art of dissecting, 
co^pfnAfAt), -fCA, m. (G. D.) ; 
(2) co|\pfnAfAi|\eAóc, -a, f: (O'-R.) 

Ancestor, n., a forefather, (1) finti- 
peAfv, -fi|\, m.; (2) feAnAtAi^, 
-tA|\, pi. -tA|\A, -Ait]\e and -aic- 
|\eACA, m. ; -peAnrhÁtAif\, -caj\, 
pi. -rhÁit|\e and -tfiÁitj\eACA, /. 

Ancestral, a., of, pertaining to, or 
derived from an ancestor, -pinn- 
reA^Ac, -Ai$e. 

Ancestry, n., ancestral lineage, 
finnp|\eAcc, -a, /. 

Anchor, n., an iron instrument 
attached to a cable which when 
thrown overboard keeps the ship 
in a particular place, Ancoif\e, 
gen. id. pi. -|\i, /. (c/. L. ancora). 

Anchor, v.t, to secure by an 
anchor, cuitum Ancoifie ; to cast 
a., Ancoifve *oo ctif\ auiac. 

Anchorable, a., fit for anchorage, 
^o-Ancoi|\eAó, -tvi$e. 

Anchorage, n., where ships anchor, 
Aticoifve, gen. id. m. : the hob 
is a good anchorage, if rtiAit An 
c-Aiicoif\e An c-ia|vua ; anchorage 
fee, *oíot Ancoi|\eAccA. 

Anchor-hold, n., (1) the hold or 
grip of an anchor, 5-peim Ancoijte; 
(2) that to which it holds, teAbA 

Anchoring, n., the act of securing 
by an anchor, A-p At) -avó, m. 

Anchorite, n., a hermit, T)itf\eAbAc, 
-A15, m.; (2) AonA|AÁnAc, -A15, m.; 

(3) AncAfA, -x>, -ai*o, m. (K. M.) : 

(4) Ancoit\e, m. (if. M.) (c/. Gr. 
ava^oipqrrj's, fr. aj/a^oopeiv, to 

give place, to retire. 

Anchorite 's cell, n., > oúi|\ceAc, m. 

Anchovy, n., a small fish (engraulis 
encrasicholus) caught in the 
Mediterranean, réifvoín, g. id. pi. 
-ni, m. 

Anciency, j n., the quality of 

Ancientness,} being ancient, (1) 
■peAn'OAcc, -a, /.; (2) ÁjvpAóu, 
-a, /. 

Ancient, a., old, (1) reAn, comp. 
-pine : p eAn ceófVA, ancient land- 
marks (Prov. 22, 28) ; (2) ao^ua ; 
(3) AffA, ind; (4) ÁjvpAó, -Aij;e 
(cf. apxaios,. ancient) ; (5) poifvpe 
(poi^bte), (6) feAnoA. 

Ancient, n., an aged man, reAnóif\, 
-Óf\A, -f\í, #. pl. -ó|\ac, m. 

Ancient, a ship's pennant, bjiACAC, 
-A15, m. 

Anciently, ad., in ancient times, 
(1) pat>ó ; (2) 1 n-Attót) ; (3) 
wr ah cfeAn AimfeA|\ (Or.). 

Ancients, n., those who lived in 
former ages, (1) ha f eAn : ^aó pi 
j\iAm ó fé nA feAti, every king 
from the time of the ancients 
(Ua'ós TDac T)Ái-|Ae) ; (2) f innfi|\ ; 
(3) feAnfrói|\ne. 

Ancilliary, a., auxiliary, cAbA^tAc, 

And, conj., Agur; 50, with, some- 
times = and ; La 50 n-oroce 
(also tÁ 50 p' oroce) ; tó 50 
n-oroce, day and night (W. Lim.); 
mite 50 teit, a mile and a half. 
Formerly f$eo = and, as mnÁfgeo 
mjeAUA, women and maidens 
(B.LL. I. 276, 21) ; and so on, 
A^uf mAf\ ym T>óib. 

Andante, a. (Mus.), meint>, -e 
(P. S.) ; ?;UiAireAC, -fige. 


( 72 ) 


Anecdote, n., a short interesting 
narrative, -pgéwtín, m.; (2) r\ún- 
r-c-Airv, -e, -a|\ca, /.; mionfgéAl, 
-é, m. 

Anemometer, n., wind-gauge, 
gAoitttieAt), -éróe, -a, f. 

Anemone (Bot.), wood anemone, 
A. nemorosa, (1) Uir* n^ gAoite, 
m.; (2) co^aL TieAfs, m. 

Anemone (sea), n. (Zool.), metri- 
dium dianthus, bun'oún leice 

Aneurism, n. (Med.), a soft, pul- 
sating; hollow, tumour caused 
by the dilation of the coats of 
an artery, (1) ac cuifte, g. id. 
m.; (2) leAtAt>tútAc, -ai§, m. 

Anew, ad. (1), in a new form, 50 
niiA'ó ; (2) again, Afvif . 

Angel, n., a celestial being superior 
to man in power and intelligence, 
AingeAt (pron. AijeAt, Or.), gen. 
A11151L ; pi. A11151L and Am^te , 
m. (L. angelus ; Gr. ayyeAos, a 
messenger, an angel). Fallen 
angels, Am^triA n-uAbAirv. Guard- 
ian angel, AingeAt coirrvoeACCA. 

Angelica, n., a plant, archangelica 
officinalis and angelica arch- 
angelica, -din5e.At.Ac, -A15, m. 

Angelica (wild), 5aUai|váii, m. (G. 
D.); (2) ctnnneós ttltnrie (G. D.); 
(3) steórxÁn (G. D.). 

Angelica, n. (garden), tuf x\a 
n-Am^eAt, m. 

Angelical, a., heavenly, divine, 
Aiti^Vfoe, ind. 

Angelical state, Am^lmeAcx:, -a, f. 

Angelically, ad., like an angel, 50 

Angelus, n., the prayer of that 
name, ^Áitxe ay\ xXm^it. 

Anger, n., a strong passion or emo- 
tion of displeasure or antagonism 
excited by a real or supposed 
injury to one's self or others (W.), 
(1) anger generally, -peA^s, gen. 

peijvge, dat. ^eifvg, /. : my mother 
is very angry with me, zÁ%mo 
riiÁtAij\ 1 bpeirvg rhóif\ Uom (Aran 
song) ; he is angry with me, ca 
pedfvg Aif\ 110m ; I am not afraid 
of her anger, ni bAogAt ■o^tn a 

(2) Choler or bilious anger, (a) 
T>ombtAf, -Aif, m.; (b) fAtfitAf, 
-Aif, m. (Mow.) ; (c) f AtrmAf, 
-Aif, m.; (c?) -pctnrvc, -e, /. 

(3) Displeasure, (a) pUicAmuf , 
-uif, m. : ca p. Ai|\ cugAm, he 
is angry with me ; (b) "oo-o, -óro, 
m.; (c) rníofÁfUAcc, -a, f. 

(4) Fury, (a) -pioc, -a, m.; (b) 
•piocrvA, gen. id. m.; (c) pu-dftixvo, 
-Aro, m., prxAoó, -a, m.; (d) 
niomAX), gen. id. ("oíorrróA). 

(5) Indignation, anger involv- 
ing contempt, (a) ionn, gen. 
Ltrnme, dat. Unrm, /.; (b) toinn- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

(6) Peevishness, anger arising 
from sourness of temper, (a) 
ceACfvA, gen. id. m.; (b) TMAjVOAin, 
-e, /. ; (c) t)|\iiíc, -016, m.; (d) 
cAnncArv, -Ai|\, m.; (e) -prxAocAinj- 
roneACt, -a, /. (Or.), (pron. 
pf\i 115111 eAcc). 

(7) Rage, violent anger, (a) 
btnte, g. id. f.; (b) *OAoirie, g. 
id. /.; (c) mif\e, g. id. f. : bí fé 
Arv "OAoirve ; aj\ binie ; aj\ tmrve, 
he was in great anger ; (d) 
btnrme g. id. f. : bí btnrme rnórv 
-pAoi, he was in a great rage ; 
(e) btnrvbe, g. id. /.; (f) xt^eA^s, 
-Veirvge, /. (also -oibpeirvs, -e, f.) ; 
(g) cut-Ac, -A15, m.; (h) bfiAcc, -a, 
m. (O'JV.) ; (i) > OAo6Án, -Áw, m. ; 
(j) bofifipAtf), -avó, m.; (k)\)Á.mróe, 
g. id. f. (bÁinirh and bÁweAt), Or.) 

(8) Resentment .1. anger in- 
volving resentment, (a) bfvoiméir-, 
-e, /.; (b) cowó5> -or^e, /.; (c) 
5^5, -«15, m. 


( 73 ) 


(9) Sudden blaze of anger, (a) 
tApAn, -Am, m. (also tAf An peipge; 
ffvAn pei^e Or.) ; (b) uai^at), 
-avo, m.; (c) bfuit, -a, m. 

(10) Vexation, comAtnje, g. id. 
/. : nA ctnji c. oftn, don't anger 
me (Or.) ; I am angry or vexed, 
uA copfunge opm. 

(11) Wrath, (a) pAppÁn, popftAn 
(G. D.) btomwi (G. D.), bopf\An 
and *oof\|VÁn, -Am, m.; (&) pAnj\- 
AncAcc, -a, /.; (e) nmipíoc, -a, 
m.; (d) "oo^, g. "oxn^, m.; (e) 
cut ac, -A15, m. 

Anger, v.L, to excite to anger, (1) 
Fe.4fv5.Aim, --At) ; (2) peAjvg *oo 
cii|\ aj\ "cume, to anger a person ; 
tnAtt cum peipse, slow to get 
angry ; (3) he angered me, t>o 
cui-p pé coffunge opm. 

Angered easily, a., cocAttAC, -Arge. 

Angina pectoris, n. (Med), breast- 
pang or spasm of the chest, 
cteicin, gen. id. m. (p. t.). 

Angle, n., (1) the enclosed space 
where two lines meet, (a) a 
corner, (i) cthnne, g. id. pi. -m, f. 
(general word in M., but also 
heard in Con. and U.) ; (ii) 
ctúro, -e, -eACA. f. (Con. and U.) ; 
(iii) ceAjwA, g. id. pi. aí, m.; (b) 
nook, (i) cof , g. and pi. cuij\, m. : 
cAfin ha T>cfí scop, the path of 
the three nooks or bends ; (ii) 
tub, -inbe, -a, /. : cpAnn cúmpA 
1 Unb t\a coitte, a sweet-smelling 
tree in a nook of the wood. 

(2) A projecting or sharp cor- 
ner, coipnéAt, -néit, m. 

(3) (Geom.), mtte, g. -teAn nó 
lmn, pi. -teAnnA nó -tmneACA, /. 

Acute angle, géAp- tntte (E. 

Alternate angles, mttmneACA 
nmtAnACA (E. O'N.). 

Corresponding angles, com- 
inlXwneACA (E. O'N.). 

External angle, tntte peAócAp- 
ac (E. O'N.). 

Internal angle, mtte mmeAT)- 
ónAó (E. O'N.). 

Obtuse angle, mAot tntte (E. 
Right angle, mtte ceApnogAc. 
Angle, v.i., to fish with a hook and 

line, iAf5Aim, -a*o. 
Angled, a., having angles, (1) 
cnmneAc, -nrge ; (2) ceApnAó, 
-Aije ; (3) mtteAnAó, -Arge. 
Angler, n., one who fishes, (1) pi. 
tucu An "oubAn ; (2) lAp^Aipe, 
g. id. pi. -pi, m. : an angler's rod, 

ptAC 1Af5A1§ ; ftA1C1Af5A1|\e(ACCA). 

Anglican, a., English, Sapahac 

(also SACfAnAc), -Aige. 
Anglican, n., a member of the 

Church of England, Sapahac, 

-ai£, m. 
Anglicism, n., an English idiom, 

t>éAfltACAf, -A1f, m. (1TI. t).). 

Anglicize, v.t., to make English, 
pAcp-Anmgim, -ugAt). 

Angling, n., fishing, lApsAipeAcc, 
-a, /. 

Anglo- Irishman, n., ~§a\X jAeoeAt, 
-•óit, m. 

Anglo-Norman, n., (1) 5-Att, -Aitt, 
m.; (2) nopmAnAC. 

x\nglo-Saxon, n., SApAnnAc, -ai£, 

Angrily, ad., in an angry manner, 
50 peA^Ac. 

Angry, a., inflamed with or show- 
ing anger, peAp^Ac, -Aige ; (2) 
piocmAp, -Aipe ; (3) popAncA ; 
(4) cot$Ac, -Aije ; (5) CAnncApAé, 
-Aige ; (6) bopppAt)Ac, -Aige ; (7) 
•ooidac, -Aije ; (8) ca*óat)ac, -Ai§e 
(Con.) ; (9) tonnAC, -Arge. See 

Angry look, n., *opiuc, -a, m.; C0I5, 
g. cints, m.; ^u^, -e, /. (Or.). 

Angry-looking, a., mei^eAC, -5i$;e. 

Angry fit, n., fcotv|\An, -Am, m. 


( 74 ) 


Anguish, s., (1) extreme pain of 
body or mincL (a) cj\át>, -Áro, m.: 
C|\é ó|\Át) -ppiofvdroe, through a. 
of spirit (Ex. 6, 9) ; cfvÁ'ó cr\oroe, 
a. of heart ; (b) 501m, -e, /. : 
v;oim nA njjuAfAcu *oo bi of a 
cionn, the anguish of the danger 
hanging over him (K. ebb. Ill, x.); 
axx\a\1 501m wa mnÁ bei|\eAf a 
céroteAnb. like the a. of a 
woman in labour with her first 
child (Jer. 4, 31) \ (c) AmAAinj;, 
-e, /. ; (d) lotmA, (/. id. /.; (e) 
-00115 eA-p, -jif, mv; in that we 
saw the a. of his soul, -oe br\i$ 
50 b-pACAmAjx iDoitjeAf a AnmA 
(Gen, 42, 21) : a. took hold 
of him and pangs as of a 
woman in travail, fuig ^oitge-df 
$f\eim aij\ 1 -ooijte mA]\ 
mriAoi te n-iowiAib (Jer. 50, 43) ; 
(/) cvinfigAc, -A15, m. : w T hen dis- 
tress and a. come upon you, An 
uaiji tiocpAf 4Woeife 7 curhsAC 
ojiAib (Prov. 1. 27) ; (</) "005- 
f\Airm, -e, /. : tribulation and a. 
on the soul of every man that 
doeth evil, umobtoiT) •» -ooj^Airm 
aj\ AY\Am 5AC Aon "otiine *oo gni 
otc (Rom. 2, 9) ; (h) >ooir\beAf , 
-bif , m. : slay me for a. is come 
upon me, mAij\b tne óif\ tÁwij; 
T)oi|\beAf o-f\m (2 Sam. 1, 9); (i) 
Arh5-Af\, -aiji, m. : I will speak 
in the a. of my spirit, tAibeófAi-ó 
(also tAbrvp-Aró) mé 1 n-Am^A^ 
mo f pio|AAi-oe ; (j) -0015, -e, pi. 
-te, /. : a. hath taken hold of 
us. T)o jtAC "0015 5feim ojiAinn 
(Jer. 6, 24). 

(2) Excruciating distress, (a) 
iAf\§nó, g. id. pi. -tA, m. : the 
a. of death is coming on you, 
ca lAfvgnó at\ DÁi-p A5 ceAóc ojic 
(0«9. IV. 130) ; (b) wwóg, -ói 5 e, 
-a, /.; (e) éAgcomLAnn, -Awn, m.; 
(d) beAjvpÁn, -Áw, wi. 

Angular, related to or having an 
angle, (1) vntteAnAC, -Aige ; (2) 
uitteAC, -tige ; (3) cúmneAó, 

Angularity, n., the quality or state 
of being angular, (1) tntteAnACc, 
-a, /.; (2) ceAmiACc, -a, /. 

Anhelation, n., short, rapid breath- 
ing; panting, (1) cotÁn, -Áin, m.; 
(2) botsfA-OAcc, /.; (3) révoín, m. 

Anhydrous, a., destitute of water, 
neAmtnfsteAc, -ti§e. 

Anile, a., old-womanish, cAitteAC- 
ArhAit, -mtA. 

Anility, n., old-womanishness, 
(1) cAitteAóAtritAcc, -a, /.; (2) 
CAitteACAf , -Aif , m. 

Animadversion, n., adverse criti- 
cism, reproof, blame, (1) ac- 
mufÁn, -Am, m. (pron. AfAóÁn, 
M.) ; (2) toccugA-o, -uigte, m. 

Animadvert, v.t., to express cen- 
sure, to find fault, toccuijim, 


Animal, n., an organised living- 
being, a beast as distinguished 
from man, Ainmróe, g. id., pi. 
-mince and -mrote, m. (cf. L. 
anima, breath, soul) ; (2) beitro- 
eAó (beACA-OAc, Don.), --015, pi. 
id. and -ca, m.; (3) "oúit, -e, 
g. pi. -out, /.; (4) miot, gen. 
mit, pi. -a and -tcA, m. This 
word, now applied to the louse, 
originally meant any animal, as 
miot mótiA, a flea-like animal seen. 
in bog-holes ; miot buróe, and 
miot seA^> a nare 5 m ^°^ ™óp, 
a whale ; míot cjvion, a moth ; 
miot 5oite, a stomach or maw- 
worm ; míoL ceÁfVO, a flesh- 
worm ; míot ctxúbAó, crab-louse ; 
miot coitte, and cfítiífiíoL, the i 
wood-louse or wall-louse ; miot- f 
cú, a greyhound ; T)iiittmiot, a," 
caterpillar ; miot mgneAc (puf - 
uÁn), a crab : míotó^, any smal 


( 75 ) 


animal ; mioicog, a midge or 

gnat ; míotcóg teAtAif (mítíti, 

M.), f., nó fgiAtÁn teAtAif\, m., 

a bat, etc. 

Animal having claws or paivs, 

c^úbdó, -A15, -Aige, m. 

Full-grown animal, cow (stirk 

only, Don.) or horse, cotpA, t/, 

id., pi. -aí, m. 

Feeble, ill-fed old animal, 5f °5 A 

gr. id. pi. -a\, m.; 5|\05A1T), -e. /. 


Useless, worn-out animal, cf\Át>- 

cAi^e, g. id. pi. -j\i, m. (W. Ker.). 
Animal, a., of or relating to ani- 
mals, Amrhroe, ind. 
Animalculum, n., a small animal 

invisible or nearly so, beAtAcÁti, 

-Ám, m.; ff\ít;T)íin, g. id., pi. -rti, 

m. (Or.). 
Animalism, n., mere animal life, 

AinrhróteAcc, -a, f. 
Animate, v.t., to make alive, 

becrotnjitn, -tigAt). 
Animated, a., alive, lively, beó'óA, 

ind.; beat) aw am, -mid. 
Animation, n., the state of being 

lively, brisk or spirited, beó'óAcc, 

-A, f. 

Animosity, n., active enmity, ener- 
getic dislike, (1) puAfAoro, gen. 
-e, /.: cj\é peif\5,iió cf\é puAfAoro, 
nó cj\é Anc^orce, through anger, 
a. or malevolence (K.) ; (2) 
Anj-pAt), -Á1T) ; (3) rieAtnbÁit) 
(pron. neArnÁij;, M.), -e, /.; (4) 

Att€Oltl > OeACC, -a, f. 

Anise, n., an umbeliferous plant 
(pimpinella anisum), Ainif -e, /. 

Ankle, n., the joint which con- 
nects the foot with the leg, the 
tarsus, (1) Ate, gen. and pi. Aitc, 
m.; (2) f\úiuíti, gen. id., pi. -ni, 
m. (G. D.) ; (3) miróAfLÁn, gen. 
and pi. -Ám, m. (G. D.) ; (4) 
rniróAfuiA, gen. id., pi. -a% /. 
(Or.), (also mtróAi|\ne, f., Or. ; 

rnuA'OAftnAr), Don.) ; (5) bormAiT^ 

-e, /.; (6) feif, -e, -eACA, f. 

(feifiT) cAot, slender ankle, LL. 

189a, 24). 
A person with crooked ankles, 

bATAcÁn, -Ám, m. (Con.). 
Annalist, n., a writer of annals, 

feAtiAcuroe, gen. id., pi. -*ote r 

m.; (2) fCAfuiróe, g. id., pi. 

-t)ie, m.; (3) fCA|\toif\, -ojia, 

-|\í, m.; (4) éAócAif\e, #. id., pL 

-|\i, m. 
Annals, n., historical records, 

chronicles, history, (1) atwíáXaca 

(also AvmÁlA), gen. id. (pi.), 

(Lat. annales, pi.) ; (2) feAnóAf , 

-A\y, m. 
Annex, v.t., to join or attach, 

coitiiceAnglAitn , -5AI ; (2) các- 

tnjmi, -115AT) ; (3) T)tú 1 11151™, 

-u^At) ; (4) ctnfvim te céite ; (5) 

ctti|\im teif. 
Annexation, n., the act of annexing, 

coirhceAn^Aitc, -e, /.; cáca'ó, g. 

cÁroce, m. 
Annie, prop, n., eitne, g. id. f. 
Annihilate, v.t., (1) to reduce to 

nothing or non-existence, cui-pim 

Af neutmro. 

(2) To destroy the form or 
distinctive properties of a thing, 
(a) ctAoclói > oirn, -tót) (ctAoctuij;- 
itu, -tót)); (b) T>iArmuttitn, -teAt>. 

(3) To destroy or eradicate, 

(a) f5|\ioiMim, -At) and fSfuof ; 

(b) téif\f5|\iof A1111. -At) and -fsiMOf 
Annihilated, a., destroyed, (1) léijA- 

r5t\iofCA ; (2) T)iAtir5^or c ^ ; (3) 

*oiArmuUxe, ind. 
Annihilation, n., the act of reducing 

to nothing, (1) LeijAf^fuor, -if 

and -yr.A, m.; (2) íT>e, g. id. {.; 

(3) ctAoctó'ó, -a, m. 
Anniversary, n., (1) the annual 

return of the day on which 

some notable event took place, 

péite, g. id., pi. -ce. /. 


( 76 ) 


(2) An annual feast or festival 
in commemoration or in honour 
of Christ, the Virgin Mary, the 
Apostles, the Saints, etc., ^éAfCA 
nó péite ; f Aoi|\e btiA'OAncAmAiL 
•oo 5tirote.4j\ 1 gcuimne nó -a 
n-onóifi Cfiíofc, Thtn|\e 015, t\a 
n-Ap-pcAt nó nA nAorfi (O'Beg.). 

(3) The day on which Mass 
is said yearly for the soul of a 
deceased person, (á) -péit bÁrp, 
gen. -péile bÁir ; (b) nÁf bAtp , 
gen. nÁif bÁir. 

Annotate, v.t., to explain by notes, 
Seifminigim, -injAt) ; (2) stuAir- 
mwrgim, -mjA'ó. 

Annotation, n., a note by way of 
explanation, 5tuAir, -e, -eAnnA, 
/.; jeimninurgAT), -ijte, m. 

Annotator, n., one who explains 
by notes. gUiAir nó, séimfimij;- 

Announce, v.t., to make known, (1) 
pósfiAim, -at) ; (2) puA5j\Aim, 
-At> ; (3) cf\Aobf5Aoitim ; (4) 
poittfigim, -1U5AT). 

Announced, a., made known, -poilt- 

Announcement, n., the giving of 
public notice, (1) -pógAi^c, -AytA, 
f. ; (2) -ptiA5|\A, gen. -piiA^A^tA, 
m.; (3) pofvf ó5|tAt), g. -gAftA, m. 

Announcing, n., the act of making 
known, -pógfAT), -sajaca, m. ; 
poittfittgAT), -i$te, m. 

Annoy, #.i., to vex, (1) buAi*om5im 5 
-f\eAm ; (2) Idiom, I'd pity the 
man who would annoy him, bA*ó 
tfiuAg tiom An T>iiine a tiocpvó 
ufVAfnA A1|\ ; (3) sfuor^Aim, -&t> : 
the sweat of one's own brow it 
is that annoys everyone, AtlAr a 
tii aLa ^ém a StuofgAf 5AÓ n-Aon ; 
(4) cfvÁ'óAim, 1?.%. c^at) ; (5) 
céAfAim, -At) (torment), (b) ciAp- 
Aim, -At). 

Annoyance, %., vexation, (1) t>o6a|\, 

-ai|\, m.; (2) buAróij\€, #ew. 
-■óeA|\úA, /. ; (3) c|\Át). -^to, 
-Ái'óce, m. 

Annoyed, a., vexed, (l)btJAi-óeA^tA, 
ind.; (2) -oocfAroeAc, -"oije (P. 
O'L.) ; (3) 11Á biot) ceifc of\u, 
don't be annoyed (P. O'L.) ; 
(4) colloq., cá mé bot)A|A ajau, 
(M.), ca mo cLtiAfA ctoigigce 
A5AC (Or.), you have me an- 

Annoying, a., vexatious, ciAptACÁ 

Annoying, n., the act of vexing, 
(1) btiAiT)|\eA"ó, -tteA-ptA, m.; (2) 
cé cá leAc, who is a. you ; (3) CÁ 
fé A5 cuj\ (budT)Af\tA) ofm, he is 
a. me ; (4) 5fúobAif\c, -a\\ca, f. 
(with Att). 

Annual, a., yearly, bUA-óAncAmAiU 
btiAT)nAmAit, -ititA. 

Annually, ad., year by year, (1) 
5AÓ Aon btiAT)Am ; (2) ó bUA'óAin 
50 btiAX)Ain ; (3) 50 btiA'óAncArft- 
A1L ; (4) 1 n-AjAró nA btiA-ónA. 

Annuitant, n., one who receives 
an annuity, (1) ciofAi|\e, gen. id., 
pi. -fii, m.; (2) btiAT)AnACÁn, -Ám, 


Annuity, n., a sum of money 

payable yearly, (1) bumciof, -a. 

m.; (2) cíof A5 ceAóc ifceAó 50 

Annul, v.t., to nullify, to make 

void, ctufim Afi sent. 
Annular, a., pertaining to or having 

the form of a ring, pÁmneAó, 

-nrge ; ceAficAttAC, -Aije. 
Annunciation, n., announcement, 

ceAcuAi|\eAcu, -a, /. 
Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin , 

Iá péiLe mtn|\e fAn eA^AC. 
Anodyne, n., a medicine which 

allays pain, rofAt) a^v péw nó 

ajv tmneAf ; locflÁwce, g. id. 

/• (Or.). 


( 77 ) 


Anoint, v.L, (1) to rub with oil, (a) 
oLAim, -xo ; (&) tiitijmi, -nrgAT) ; 

(2) to apply oil as a sacred rite, 
tingAim, -At) : cturv ah otA A1|\, 
anoint him ; rmeAHAim, -At), 
beALAim , -at); imbeAU»i$;im , -ujjat) . 

Anointed, a., rubbed with oil, 
oturgte, tingtA, rmeAjAtA. 

Anointing, n. y the act of rubbing 
with oil, as an ointment or as 
a sacrament, (1) otAt), -ca and 
-urgce, m.; (2) un^At), -gtA, m.; 

(3) beAtAt), -urgie, m. 
Anomalous, a., deviating from the 

general rule, neirhr\iA5AtxA(c). 

Anomaly, n., deviation from the 
common rule, neufifviAgAiL, -$1a, /. 

Anon, ad., (1) soon, in a little 
while, A|\ toALL ; (2) again, At\ip ; 
(3) at another time. acuai|\. 

Anonymous, a., nameless ; neAtii- 
Ainmnrjte ; neAttiAmmeAc ; a\\ 
"oit Ainme ; TrícAinm ; ^ati Aintn. 

Anonymously, ac?., without a name, 
5Ati Aintu. 

Another, (1) profi., one more in 
addition to a former number 
and implying likeness or simi- 
larity, (a) eite, oite (Con.), cf. 
L. alius ; Gr. akkos '. ceAtiti 
eite, another one ; (b) a\\ Aite : 
the son of a prince and the 
grandson of a., niAc piAtA ,'-] 
ua A|\Aite ; (2) a different thing: 
another thing, juro eile ; another 
question, ceifc eile ; (3) any- 
one else, someone else, (a) T>uine 
eite : rp újv fciAtt *oe LeACA^ 
t>tnne eite ; (b) cAc : iaU, patm 
-oe leACA^v CÁ10 (H. M. 1081) ; 
you drink a cup of tea in the 
morning as well as a., óLatui 
cufA cupÁn cé A|t mAiT)ir» corn 
triAit te c^c (t)ei|vc £eAr\) ; (c) 
from one to a. of them, ó *otnne 
50 "orntie aca (P. O'L.) ; (if) 

I would take a glass like another 
(or like many a man), cor rhAit le 
•otrme T)'ótpAinr» gtoirte, in W. 
Lim., mA|\ ay\ céAT) peAr\ eile ; 
like another I let the Irish out 
of my head .1. I forget the 
Irish ; teig tné ah 5 Ae>ó1 V5 *V 
mo ceAuu coftriAit teir ah céAT) 
peArv eite (Or.). 

Another time, (1) Am eite ; (2) 
uAifv eite ; (3) AtLÁ. 

Answer, v.t., to reply, (1) p^eAg- 
j\Aim, -gAific, /ici. pfveigeonAT) and 
prveAgfiocAT) ; imper. pj\eA5Air\ ; 
(2) answer (solve) this question, 
fiérócij; ah ceir c ro ;. it is a 
question I cannot answer, if 
ceirc T hac réroirv Uom-fA a 

Answer, n., (1) reply or response, 
pfveA^fA, -gAHCA, m. : *oeifvim 
mAfv pfeAgfA A|\ "oo ceirc, 
in a. to your question I say 
that .... (P. L.) ; I will 
a. you, prvergeórvA'o tú no béArt- 
pA*o-f a p|\eA5|\A one ; you an- 
swered well, ip mAit *oo p^eASAitv 
no T)'ptiAf5Ait en r\A ceirceAnrtA. 

(2) To a salutation,. imAt, -Arte,. 
-a, /. 

(3) A reply from hailing dis- 
tance to a shout or signal, 
pÁif\, also pÁi"ó (Con.). 

(4) A curt, pert or unsatis- 
factory answer, •of\oicpj\eA5j\A, 
-gArvtA, m. 

(5) Saucy answer, (a) com- 
cAmnc, -e, -eAwiA, /.; (b) Aip- 
pneAgrvA. m. 

Answerable, a., capable of being 
answered, (1) pt\eA$;f\Aó ; (2) 
p|\eA5A|\tAc ; (3) mp|\eA5A]\rA ; 
(4) pt> e ^5^£Ai5e. 

Answerableness, n., the quality 
of being answerable, liable or 
responsible, pr\eA5r\Acc, -a. /. ,: 

ppeA^A|\tACC s / 


( 78 ) 


Answerably, ad., suitably,- 50 

Answerer, n. one who answers. 
pfieA5Af\cóiíV, -ójia, -j\í, m. 

Answering, n., the act of replying, 
(1) p|\eA5Ai|\c, -aj\ca, /.; (2) 
PtAed5A|\ 5 -aij\, m..; (3) p^^5t^*> 
-Ja^ca. m. 

Answering back, none of them 
answered him back, nioj\ tug 
Aomne (Aonotime) aca j;ac fie 
feA"ó *oó (P. O'L.). 

Answering well, if AcctimAif\ (nó 
*oeifbéAtAc) An OuacaiLL cú ; 
if mAic íú A5 piiAf5Ait cem- 
ceAnnA (J. C. Ward). 

Ant, n., an insect of the genus 
formica a pismire, (1) feAn^Án 
(pogÁn, Con., pron. shugan in 
Or.), -Am, m.; (2) moif\b, -e, 
-e-ACA, /.; (3) TribeAc, gen. -oeice, 
-a, /.; (4) eAf\c, -a, pi. id. f. 

Antagonism, n., opposition of ac- 
tion, (1) cfxofÁnAcc, -a, /.; (2) 
eAfcÁifVoeAf , -*0if and. -neAfA, m. 

Antagonist, n., an adversary, 
eAfCAfVA, gen. -x>, pi. -cÁifVoe, 
/.; nAriiAro (also nÁrhAro), gen. 
nAfhAT), pi. nAinroe, /. 

Antagonistic, a., acting against, (1) 
cf\ofÁtiAc, -Aije ; (2) cfiofÁncA, 

Ante, before, -jtoirh. 

Antecede, v.t. and i., ftéimimci5im, 

Antecedence, n., precedence, féim- 
imceAcc, -a, /. 

Antecedent, a., prior, f\éimim- 
teAócAó, -Aige; n. {Gram.), ^éirfi- 
teAccAi'óe, g. id. m. 

Antecedent of a relative, n. (Gram.) 
Ainm coibneAfCA (N.). 

Antediluvian, a., before the Deluge, 
fioirh An ntDitmn. 

Antemeridian, a., f\éAmtfiÁc. 

.Antenuptial, a., before marriage, 

Antepenultimate, a., of or relating 

to the last syllable but two, 

poif\-f\éi tíit!) éit) eAn ac. 
Anteposition, n. (Gram.), f^eAm- 

teAccAf , m. (N.). 
Anterior, a., before in time, f\oime. 
Anteroom, n., a waiting-room, 

Anthem, n., a hymn of praise, (1) 

nAoniAtiijvÁn, -Ám, m.; (2) neAtti- 

nuAtl, -Aitt, m.; (3) Amcitm, 

-úm, m. 
Anthill, n., a mound thrown up 

by ants, (1) pAftbAn, -Ám, m.; 

(2) com feAngÁn, m.; (3) cnocÁn 

feAn^Án ; (4) neA*o feAn^An ; 

(5) pc-ifún feAngÁn. 
Anthology, n., a collection of the 

flowers of literature, (1) 00L5 An 

cpotÁCAif\, gen. and pi. 011115 An 

cf., m.; (2) *otiAnAif\e, g. id., pi. 

-|\i, m.; (3) fiAnnteAbfvÁn, m. ; 

(4) LeAbAf\ t>áii, m. 
Anthony's fire, n., erysipelas, (1) 

pAro ceme ; (2) ceme X)é. 
Anthracite, n., flameless coal, 511 At 

Anthrophagi, n., cannibals, cAifmic- 

eóifií, m. 
Anthropology, n., the science of 

the human body, ctnmpeótAf , m. 
Anti-asthmatic, n. and a., fitted to 

relieve asthma, 1 n-AgAi*© múcA-ó 

(múóAT), asthma), -e, /. 
Anti-acid, n. and a., fitted to 

counteract acids, geA^cofs. 
Anti-apoplectic, n., fitted to re- 
lieve apoplexy, (1) cofgcinc- 

eAmAf, -Aif. m.; (2) eofgfpAit)- 

cmneAf, -nif, m. 
Antic (a trick), n., cteAf, g. -a, 

and ctif , pi. -Ann a, m. ; (2) gAif- 

gi'óeAcc, -a, /. (Or.), See Antics. 
Antic, n., a buffoon, cteAfiii-oe, 

g. id., pi. -"oce, m.; 5^11 a^ac, 

-A15, m. (Or.) ; gAifgráeAc, --015, 



( 79 ) 


Antichrist, n., a great antagonist 
who will precede Christ's second 
coming, Amcfiorc, g. id., pi. 
-AnnA, m. 

Antichristian, n., one opposed to 
Christianity, Amófúorcuróe, g. 
id., pi. -*úte, m. 

Antichristian, a., opposed to the 
Christian religion, AincniorcAm- 

Alt, -tíltA. 

Anticipate, v.t., (1) to do or take 
before another, jAéiríróéAiiAim, 
-Am ; (2) to foresee, jteimpéAó- 
Aim, -óAinc. 

Anticipated,, a., taken up or intro- 
duced beforehand, péinroéAncA. 

Anticipation, n., (1) the act of 
preparing for beforehand, péim- 
'úífvmg.d'ó, -rgce, m. 

(2) A previous impression of 
what is to happen, néimeótAf, 
-Aif, m. (G. D.). 

Antidote, n., a remedy to counter- 
act a poison, (1) cof^teijeAf. 
-§if, m.; (2) ctAonAt) mme, m.; 
(3) mrhioc, -ice, /.; (4) btiAipic, 

-e, /• 

Anti-paralytic, a. and n., good 
against paralysis, cmtcofSAó, 
-Aije ; when noun {/en. -A15, m. 

Antics, n., grotesque tricks, (1) 
c^AnnA, pi. m. : -péAó ua cpAnnA 
nó ha ^eÁicp (also ^Áicfí) cá 
■pé (paoi, Don.), look at his 
antics ! (W. JLim.) ; (2) cleAf a ; 
(3) gAifci'óe (Tyr.) ; (4) bnAmnri, 
pi. /.; (5) 5010 : -OÁ DcmAn 
mnnce, 501 ti, dance is two- 
thirds antics (Cójwia). &ee Antic. 

Antipathy, n., settled aversion or 
dislike, (1) -oiAnfuAc, -a, m.; (2) 
5|AÁin, -ÁriAó and -e, /.; (3) 
cóTóeAf, -131 f, m. 

Antiphon, n., alternate singing or 
chanting, oinfrocAt, gen. -Ait, 
pi. Ait and ctA, m. (K. M.). 

^ntiphrasis, n. (RheL), the use of 

words in a sense different to 
their proper meaning, copfocAt, 
-Ait, pi. id. m. 
Antipodes, n., the country on the 
opposite side of the globe, cor- 


Antiquarian, n., one who searches 
for and studies the relics of 
antiquity, (1) f eAncuroe, gen. id., 
pi. -ttte, m.; (2) ÁmMVóceoin, 
-o^a, -|\í, m.; (3) ottAm |\e 
feAncuf, íwi.; (4) -oéAgAfvpsA^, 
-A1|\, m.; (5) cjVioCAif\e, m. 

Antiquarian, a., pertaining to an- 
tiquity, T>éA5A|\f5AHAc, -Aige ; 
cpocAineAc, -Aije. 

Antiquarianism, n. y study or love 
of antiquity, T>eA5Af\f$;AnAcc, -a. 

/./ CfVÍ0CA1f\éACC, -a, /. 

Antiquary, n. See Antiquarian. 
Antiquate, v.t., to make old or 

obsolete, Ajvptngim, -ugAt). 
Antiquated, a., grown old and 

hence obsolete, ciAnAOfCA. 
Antique, a., old, ancient, (1) Á|\f a ; 

(2) f eArroA. 
Antiquity, n., great age, ancient- 

ness, (1) feAtroAóu, -a, /.; (2) 

ÁffAóc, -a, /., ÁfVfAi^eAcc ; (3) 

f eAU|\Acc ; (4) f intif eAj\Af , -dif , 

m.; (5 s ) -pmnfifAeACc, -a, /. (Tsa. 

23, 7). ' 
Antiscorbutical, a., counteracting 

scurvy, ctAimteijeAfAC. 
Antispasmodic, a. good against 

spasms, n. a remedy to prevent 

spasms, to|\cof5, -a m. 
Antler, n., horn, (1) beAnn, ewne, 

-a, /. bíonn piA-ó móp ha mbeAnn; 

Ami; (2) at>ajic, -Ai|\ce, 2^. -eAtitiA, 

/.; (3) com;, -a, m. 
Antlered, a., horned, (1) beAtitiAC, 

-Aije ; (2) congAc, -Aije. 
Anus, n., the posterior opening of 

the alimentary canal, con, gen. 

and pi. conA, dat com ; pott 

nA cónA (p. 1.). 


( 80 ) 


Anvil, n.; an iron block on which 
metals are hammered, mneóm, 
/., gen. -onA, -tie, pi. -ónACA, /. 
(W. eingion ; Corn, eannian ; 
Bret, anneffn) ; wneoitA, -otvd, 
-\k (U.), inneAf, m. (Don.),, 
mneAt, /. (Or.) ; anvil-block, 
ce-Ap mneónA (O'Beg.) ; the horn 
of an anvil, cojicip ; a Liaóc ótvo 
1 mneói|\ (P. L.). 

Anvil, v.t, to form or shape on 
an anvil, to hammer out, wneón- 
Aim, -At). 

Anvil-block, n., the block on which 
an anvil rests, ceAp wneonA, m. 

Anvilling, n., hammering on an 
anvil, irmeónAO, -v\za, m. 

Anxiety, n., (1) solicitude, (a) in- 
volving care or concern, (i) 
cúfiAm, -Aim, m.; (ii) po'OAit, 
-e, /.; (iii) pAgAC, -A15, m (Don.); 
(iv) fgim, -e, /.; (b) involving- 
uneasiness, (i) imnróe, g. id. f. 
from (ii) imfniorh, -a, m.; (iii) 
miof uAimneAf (Aigne no mcmne) 
-nif, m.; (iv) T)eAtmiAii,, -e, / 
(O'R.) ; (v) iomtAr5A"ó (O' R.). : 
(c) perplexity, (i) cen;c, -e, /. : 
have no a. about it, nÁ bioii) 
ceifc (nrmroe, Don.) o|\u 'n-A 
tAoib ; (ii) cÁf , -Áif , m. : pói^ 
A|\ á|a 5CÁf , relieve our a. ; (iii) 
ceAfntngeAcc, -a, /.; (iv) t>x\at>, 
-Am, m. (Or.) ; (d) restless agi- 
tation, (i) btiAVófieA'ú, -"OeAfvtA, 
m.; (ii) mAoit, gen. -e, /. (also 
mAoiteAcc, -a, /.) ; (iii) pionóf , 
-óir, m. (pionúf , -úir , m.) ; (iv) 
AnbuAin, -e, /. (pron. Anbóm) : 

Cé , o'pÁfA > OA|\ CÁ1tÚpi|\ T1A CA1|\- 

Ue LÁT)ur An cÁt^CA 50 bAnAmów- 

T)aj\ pÁ"0|AAi5 ir peA|\^ tiom nÁ 


Ti-a fLÁmce mAt^ CÁ11115 ait Uaí- 

bóix>eAc [O'Bruadair for Tal- 
bot .1. Tyrconnell on his 
arrival in Ireland] ; 

(v) cóifiéif , -e, /.; (vi) lomAguin, 

(2) An eager desire, (a) tv5- 
cújvAm, -Aim, m.; (b) biot- 
cútvdm, -Aim, m.; (c) pjvaromn, 
-"one, /. 
Anxious, a., full of disquietude or 
concern, (1) imnroeAC, -"Oi^e ; 

(2) imfniomAc, -Ai$e ; (3) buAró- 
eA|\tA, ind.; (4) miofuAimneAc, 
-mje ; (5) AnbtiAineAc, -mje ; 
(6) cói|\éif eAó, -f ige ; (7) iomA§- 
timeAc, -m^e ; (8) bioteuftAtnAc, 
-Ai$e ; (9) fglmeAc, -mi$;e. 

Anxiously, ad., in an anxious 
manner, 50 mmnroeAc. 

Anxiousness, n.\ great solicitude, 
imnroeAcc, -a, /. 

Any, a. and pron., (l)(a) aov\ (éAn) : 
do not have any row, nÁ bíot> 
Aon im|\eAf AgAib ; is there any 
hope of it ? An bpuit Aon "oóCAf 
Af ? ; (au bpuiL -pint a|a bit a^ac 
teif ;) ; (b) aji bit : in any place , 
m aic aja bit ; (2) ceACUAjv (distri- 
butive pronoun) : since any of 
these was not protected from it 
let no one else hope to go free 
from it [death], ó nÁf\ cAomnAT) 
ceACCAjt *oíob fin aij\ nA bío*o 
fúit A5 Aon eite te "out fAon 
uAró [.1. An bÁf], (K. ebb. 31, 4) ; 

(3) (idiom), if I had any money, 
or any bread, x>Á mbeAt) AitvseAt). 
nó AjAÁn AgAm ; if I had any 
money at all, t)á mbeAT) Ai|\5eAt> 
A]\ bit AgAm. 

Any, ad., to any extent : if you 
provoke me any more, mÁ 
5fvíofAi|\ mé níof mó. 

Anybody, n., any person, (1) 
Aomne ; (2) érnne(Ac) ; (3) Aon 
'otnne ; (4) xnnne a\k bit ; do 


( 81 ) 


not let a. near me, nÁ Leij; 
Aomne (no Aon "ouine, nó ptiitie 
An bit) Am' 5^|\ (1 mo ComAin, 
Anyhow, ad., in any way or 
manner whatever ; at any rate ; 
in any event, (1) An mot) ai(\ bit ; 

(2) An caoi a\k bit (Con.) ; (3) 
An T)ói5 An bit (U.) ; (4) ai(\ ftije 
An bit ; (5) ai(k cunu a\^ bit ; (6) 
An Aon CumA ; (7) 50 bÁinite : 
íocrAit) ctifA Af rm 50 bÁinite 
(Or.). But anyhow, but in any 
case, acc a\k CumA a\\ bit (111. t).) ; 
acu An Aon cumA. 

Anymore, • ad., (1) reArcA ; (2) 

nior mo ; (3) Anir. 
Anyone, n., one taken at random, 

(1) émne nó Aomne ; (2) émneAc ; 

(3) *oume a\k bit ; (4) Aon T)ume ; 
(5) *ouwe ; (6) neAc. 

Anything, n., (1) Aownro ; (2) 
emit) ; (3) Aon nit) ; (4) aoh 
nu"o ; (5) t)a > oa > ó ( í oat>ai , ó, Don.) : 
she will not put a. to loss on 
you, ni cuinrró rí •oatdat) Amu'úA 
one (Tyr.) ; (6) "OA^OAm (also 
ca'oa'ó) ; (7) nit) a\k bit ; (8) 
éwceo, with neg. nothing : they 
had nothing to eat, ni nAib 
éwCeó te n-ite aca ; ni nAib 
'oa'oavó te bite aca (Don.). 

Anything at all, (1) a beAx; nó a 
món ; brtnb a beAg nó a món 
Ann, is there anything at all 
there ? ; ni'L a beAj; nÁ a men 
Ann, there is nothing at all there ; 

(2) niro An bit ; (3) nit) a\< bit. 
nyway, ad., at all, a\^ Aon CumA ; 

Ay. Aon Con ; 50 bÁinite ; pé 

fgéAt é ; ciob An b'é f^éAt é. 

See Anyhow, Anywise. 
Anywhere, ad., in any place, 

1 11-ÁIU A\\ bit ; 1 n-Aon aic ; 

1 n-Aon bAll. 
Anywise, ad., at all, (1) An Con 

a\k bit ; (2) Af, nor An bit ; (3) 

a\k caoi a\\ bit ; (4) a\k aoYi 

Aorist, w. (Gram.), AimreAn éi- 
^cnioCcA (iV.). 

Apace, ad., fast, speedily, (1) 50 
tu At : to go a., imteACc 50 
luAt ; (2) 50 cApAit) ; (3) 50 
gnoT» ; (4) 50 bob Ann ; (5) it 
rains a., cá ré A5 peAntAinn 50 
t>iau ; ca ré A5 cun reAntAmne 
50 "oiAn nó 50 "OAwgeAn. 

Apart, ad., (1) separately as to 
space or company, (a) 1 teit, 
a\k teit, rÁ, -pAoi nó ré teit : sac 
nit) ré teit, each thing apart ; 
mnne ré teit, a man apart, a 
peculiar man, not like anyone 
else ; (b) rÁ r eóft ; (c) a\^ teitUr : 
cuA^An An teitur, they went to 
live apart ; thou shalt set it 
apart, ctnnrró cu a\^ teit é ; 
their wives apart, a mnÁ A]\ 
teit ,; (d) An Leitnit) (Con.) ; (e) 
An teAtCAoib, t>o teAtCAoib, 1 
teAtcAoib : but know that the 
Lord hath set apart him that 
is godly for himself, act: biot) 
a pior AgAib gun Cmn au UijeAnru\ 
T)o teAtCAoib An T>uine *oiAt)A t)ó 
rém (Ps. 4, 3) ; set it apart, 
cuin 1 LeAtuAoib é (Or.). 

(2) Distinctively or exclusively 
as to character, purpose or use, 
independently or separately as 
to thought, reAC, reACAf : he 
notices herself apart from any- 
one else, cu^Ann ré ré n*oeAnA i 
rem r eACAr Aomne eite (P. O'-L.). 

(3) Asunder, to pieces, ó Céite ; 
bi f iAt) a brA-o ó céite, they were 
far a., T)o r^An ré ó Céite iat> 
he put them a. ; tuic riAT> ó 
céite, they fell a. ; tuic ré ó 
céite (also Af a Céite, Or.), said 
of something that falls apart Or 
to pieces from old age, rottenness 
or other cause. 


( 82 ) , 


Apartment, n., a room, feómjvA, 

gen. id., pi. -41, ni.; f\omn -oe 

trg, T>e teAó nó >o'Ájujr\ 
Apathetic, a., void of feeling, 

fpAT>ÁnuA, iwd., neAmfuimeAm- 

aiL, -rhtA. 
Apathy, w., want of feeling or 

emotion, (1) fpA^AncAcc, -a, /.; 

(2) neArhftnm, -e, /. 

Ape, n., a quadrumanous mammal 
of the simiadse family, having 
teeth of the same number and 
form as man, ApA. gen. id., pi. 
-at, m. (cf. A.S. and Sw. apa ; 
Dan. abe ; W. ab ; Ger. affe) : 
the higher the ape goes the 
more he shows his tail, t>á 
Aoijvoe téroeAf An aqa ir tnó f a 
các tAifbeÁnAf a eAf\bAlt. 

Ape, v.L, to mimic, mA^AT) t>o 

*ÚéAV\Am £A. 

Aperient, n. (Med.), a laxative 
medicine or food, pii^oro, -©» -i 
(pfusoro, M.) ; eibjAe, g. id., 
pi. -fi, /. 

Aperient, a., laxative, (1) fsaoHx- 
eAc, -oge ; (2) ofSAitceAC, -tr^e ; 

(3) eibpeAC, -pi$e. 

Aperture, n., an opening, (1) 
toeÁjmA, gen. -nAn, dat. -nAm, 
pi. -a\ and -aca, /.; (2) polt, 
gen. and pi. ptntt, m.; (3) 
r^oitueÁn, -Ám, m. 

Apex, n., the angular summit of 
anything, (1) btiAic, -e, /.; (2) 
rnuUAó, -A15, m.; (3) beAtm, gen. 
-emne, pi. -a, /.; (4) rcuAic, -e, 
-eAnnA, /. (tTI. X).). 

Aphaeresis, n. (Gram.), cutting off 
the first syllable of a word, 
•oiceAnnAii) cofAij. 

Aphelion, n., the point of a 
planet's orbit most distant from 
the sun, sfUAncomne (Foley). 

Aphorism, n., a comprehensive 
maxim in a few words, (1) 
^nÁtpocAl ; (2) f e^rifuVo, -Ám, 

-Ároce, m.; (3) feAnfrocAL, -aM v 

pi. id., and -cIa, m. 
I Aphoristic, 1 a., in the nature or 
I Aphoristical,) form of an aphor- 
ism, feAnjiÁi'óceAC. 
I Apiary, n., a stand or shed for 

bees, beACtAnn, -Amne, -a, f. ; 

C15; feitteÁn, -Ám, m. 
I Apiece, ad., each by itself, by the- 

single one, ^ac Aon ; jac ceAtm ; 

tug mé j\éAL aja 5AC ceAnn aca? 

I gave 6d. apiece for them. 
Aping, n., acting like an ape, 

moccAitmf, /. 
Apish, a., like an ape, (1) ApAriiAiU 

-mlA ; (2) imitative, AitmrceAc, 

i Apishly, ad., in an apish manner, 

50 HApAtflAlt. 

Apishness, n., the quality of being 

apish, ApAtfltACC, -a, f. 

i Apocalypse, n., the Revelation of 
St. John, (1) cAipbeÁtiAó, gen. 
-nuA, m., U. TlAoim eóm ; (2) 
CAráb^eA'ó, g. -f\ro, m. (K.). 

Apocalyptic, } a., pertaining to a 

Apocalyptical, J" revelation, cAip- 
beÁncAé, -Aije. 
: Apocrypha, n., certain parts of the 
Bible accepted by some Chris- 
tians and rejected by others r 

Apocope, n. (Gram.), cutting off 
the last letter or syllable, cóibe 
g. id. /., v.n. of V -oo-po-ben 

Apocryphal, a., of doubtful autho- 
rity, nemróeimm, -trine ; neAtfi- 
cAnónuA ; nenricmnce. 

Apodosis, n. (Gram.), the con- 
cluding clause of a conditional 
sentence expressing the result, 
as distinguished from the pro- 
tasis or clause expressing the 
condition, iAf\mbeAftu, -bei^ce 
/. (#.). 


( 83 ) 


Apologetic, > a., regretfully ex- 

Apologetical,) cusing, teitr-géAt- 
ac, -Aije. 

Apologise, v.i., to make an apology 
or excuse, (1) teitfséAtAim, -a-0 ; 
(2) gAbAim teitf5éAt a$ac (also 
gAbAim x>o teitfséAt), I apolo- 
gise ; (3) gAD mo teitf^eAt, 
accept my apology, excuse me. 

Apologist, n., one who makes an 
apology, teitfséAturóe, g. id., 
pi. -x>te, m. 

Apologue, n., a moral fable, pAt- 
f\ún, -úw ; pÁitfséAt, -éit, -ca, m. 

Apology, n.,. an admission of wrong 
with an expression of regret, (1) 
LeitfséAl, -éit, -ca, m.; (2) 
cAitteACc, -a, /.; (3) cÁitteAóAf, 
-Aif , m. 

Apoplectic, ? a., relating to apo- 

Apoplectical,i" plexy, (1) ctro- 
f aocac, -Aije ; (2) fpArocwn- 

Apoplexy, n.; sudden loss of mo- 
tion, consciousness or sensation 
from pressure on the brain, (1) 
cuT)fAot, -a, m.; (2) fpAro- 
tmneAf, -nn\ m. 

Apostacy, n. a renunciation of 
one's faith, (1) nAoimt^éigeAn, 
~5in, m.; (2) nAoiriiC|\éi5rin, -e, 
/.; (3) féAtiA'ó cjAei-oitti ; (4) 
cAOT)Aif\eAcu, /.; (5) cuitfteArh- 
TiugA-ó, -tn^ce ; (6) ai torero eArii, 
-turn ; (7) cincitn o'n 5Crtett)eArh. 

Apostate, n., a pervert, a renegade, 

(1) CAOT)Aif\e, gen. id., pi. -p\ m. ; 

(2) nAoitíit^éiseAC, -515, m. 
Apostatise, v.i., to forsake one's 

faith, cúitfteAtrmuigirn, -u§a"ó. 
Apostle, n., one of the twelve 
disciples of Christ, Abr-CAt, 
Apf cAt, -Ait, m. (Lat. apostolus) ; 
ce[A]nn t\a n-Apr-CAt n-uAfAt 
Ti-AiYo (C. m., fol. 9b); eAr-bAt, 
-ail, m. 

Apostleship, n., the dignity of an 
apostle, AbpcAtACc, nó eAfbAtACc, 
-a, /. 

Apostolic, > a., pertaining to an 

Apostolical, y apostle, AbfCAtOA, 
ini; Abf cAtAó nó eAfbAtAó, -Aige. 

Apostrophe, n., the contraction of 
a word by the omission of a letter 
or letters shown thus ('), (1) 
túibín eApiAirh ; (2) corhAptA 
eAfnAirh (N.) ; (3) AfCAijA (Sc). 

Apothecaries' weight, n., meAt>CAm 
nA bpoicigéA^. 

Apothecary, n., one who com- 
pounds and sells drugs, poicij;- 
éA|\, -éip, -éi|\í, m. 

Apothegm, n., a short, pithy and 
instructive saying or precept, (1) 
5tiocfrocAt, -Ait, m.; (2) séAjt- 
pocAt, -Ait, m. ; (3) f eAn^At), 
-Áró, -Áróce, m. ; (4) f eAnpocAt, 
-Ait, m. 

Appal, v.L, to dismay, to impress 
with sudden fear, terror or 
horror, (1) uAcóÁfAim, -a* ; (2> 
rSArmtunjim, -u$A"ó ; (3) eA£- 
Unjim, -ugAt). 

Appalling, a., such as to appal, 

UACbÁfAÓ, -Aige. 

Apparatus, n., (1) things necessary 
as a means to an end, (a) t>i|\tif , 
-e, -Í, /.; (b) u|\tAir, -e, -i, /.; (c> 
fÁf , -Áif, pi. id. and -a, m.; (d) 
oi|\néif, -e, i-, /.; (e) beAjtc, 
-eij\ce, -a, /. : beAj\uA An q* AogAit 
Aguf 5An ah cr-Uge, ni't ^aa Ann, 
all the apparatus in the world, 
without the way to use them, are 
of no advantage (Or. prov.) ; 
(2) hence a complete set of 
implements for a given thing, 
(a) gtéAf , -éif , pi. id. and -eAnnA, 
m. : stéAf f Aoin At)mAro, a car- 
penter's tools or apparatus ; (b) 
cóif\, -ó|\a, /. : bí a coin 50 téij\ 
Ai$e, he had all his apparatus ; 
(c) ?;iui|\téit)í (m. t>.). 


( 84 ) 


Apparel, n., (1) external clothing, 
éxo&ó, -A15, -Aije, m.; (2) évoe, 
g. id. m. (M.), éroeA-ó, -T)ró, m. 
(C7.) ; (3) a complete suit, 
cuIavó ( = cútéAT)Ac, O'B.), g. id. 
and -at), pL -"óeACA and -Lcaca, 
m. (pron. ctut, W. Zim. ; ctut 
éA-OAig, a suit of clothes) ; (4) 

UnnAt), -Alt), M. (lOnnAT), -Alt), 

Ferm.) ; (5) cneAttAm, -Aim and 
-mnA, m. (B.LL. IV. 350). 

Apparel, v.L, to dress or clothe, 
éA^tirgim, -tigA'ó. 

Apparelled, a., furnished with ap- 
parel, éA*oui5te. 

Apparelling, n.\ the act of clothing, 
éA'oirgAt), -tnjte, m. 

Apparent, a., (1) capable of being 
seen, visible, ropAicrionAc, -Ai^e; 
(2) clear or manifest to the under- 
standing, (a) roitéin, -e ; (b) 
■pottuf, -oilXre; (3) apparent heir 
to the crown, oijne tÁicneAc riA 
conónA ; niot^ArhnA. 

Apparently, ad., (1) manifestly, 50 
roitéin ; (2) in appearance, 
seemingly, *oo néin -oeALtnAim. 

Apparition, n., (1) ghost, a spirit 
appearing after death, (a) rpion- 
-Aro, -e, -i, /. (also rpion ao, -avo, 
m.) ; (b) (i) r AtriAit, -mlA, -mtACA, 
/.; (ii) f AtíiAilx, -e, -eAóA (M.) ; 
(iii) fArhtAt), -rhAtuA, m.; (iv) 
fArhtóro, -e, -i, /., generally in 
the pi.; (c) cAiiAf, -Air, m. 
<0'jR.); (d)uAnAf5, -Aif5(0'ii.). 

(2) Spectre or something pre- 
ternaturally visible, (a) AnnAcc, 
-a, m.; (fr) ^uAt), -a, m.; (c) 
^ua^ac, -A15, m. 

(3) Phantom, that which has 
only an apparent existence, (a) 
CArobre, g. id., pi. -Ann a (M.), 
pi. also -ri and -peACA, /. There 
are many variants, as cAibre, 
/.; cAire, /.; cA'óbAr, -Aif, m.; 

CAt)t)Aifce, #. id. m. ; tons 
tAit)bre nó cAire, a phantom 
ship, (b) f Aob-óotb, -oitbe, -a, /. 

Appeal, n. 3 the reconsideration of 
a legal decision by a higher 
court, (1) AitéirceAcx:, -a, /. 

(2) An entreaty, a call for 
help, a request for a favour 
iAj\j\A€Af , -Air , m. 

Appeal, !?.■£., (1) to carry a case to a 
higher court for reconsideration 
of the decision of an inferior 
court, céróim An cowiince SnéAf- 
Ain, I appeal to Csesar (Acts 
25, 11). 

(2) To call for aid, éi$im, 
-geAtii : éigim onu, I appeal to 

Appealable, a., fit for or open to 
appeal, (1) mceircijte ; (2) m- 

Appear, v.i., (1) to stand in 
presence of some authority : 
I a. before, céróim 1 tÁcAin ; 
we must a. before the judge, 
if 015m "oumn T)«t 1 tÁCAin ah 

(2) To have a certain sem- 
blance, (a) beAtAró CAob Am ui$ 
-oe'n 50b A5 cun 1 gcéitt 50 
bpuiL fé A5 -pAgÁit bí*ó rhAit, 
grease outside the mouth to 
make it a. he is getting good 
food ; (b) T)eAttnui5im, -uja'o : 
•oeAtXnuijjeAnn rú é, you a. like 

(3) To seem, (a), cAibpjim, 
-lugAt) : and Jacob served seven 
years for Rachel and they seemed 
unto him but a few days, Agur 
"oo nwne lAcob reinbíp reAóc 
mbUAtmA t)o ceAnnAc An RAcneL 
"I níon cAibf igeAt) "óó iat> acc 'n-A 
mbeA^Án lAete (Gen. 29, 20) ; 
(b) it appears to them, T>An 
Leo ; (c) it appears to me, Y é 
mo t«Ainim (nó mo bAnAtivAit) ; 


( 85 ) 


(d) -do rAtiiltngeA'ó ?)Ám, it ap- 
peared to me ; f ArhUii5eA > OAn, 
it appeared to them (M. F. D.) ; 

(e) the waves a. very small 
to-day, ca AtriAnc nA x>conn 
AtibeAj; in*oiu. 

(4) TO come into sight : talk 
of the devil and he will a., 
cnÁcc xX|\ ay\ thaoaí ~j uAir- 
OeÁnpAi-o ré é péiií ; it appeared 
to me in a vision, I dreamed, 

"DO CATObnijeAT) "OAtTl. 

(5) It is manifest, it is well 
known, (a) t.éin : if Léir* ■oAtii, 
it appears to me ; as it appears 
to me, niAn if Léin (LéAn, Bon.) 
•oom pém é ; (b) potuir : they 
disfigure (lit. darken) their faces 
that they may a. unto men to 
fast (Mat. 6, 16), -oonctngro riA-o 
a n-Aijte T>o cum 50 nib a -poLLur 

"OO X\A T)AOinib 1AT) *00 t^Of^At) 

(iat> a beit 'n-A •ocfOf^AX)). 
Appearance, rL, (1) becoming 
visible, coming into sight, cAir- 
beÁnAt), -uca, m. 

(2) Personal appearance, (a) 
countenance, sntnr, -e, pV. id. 
and -i, /.; (b) aspect, (i) $né, 
g. id., pi. -ite, /.; (ii) 511 aoi. 
g. id. /.; (c) look, (i) -péAóAinu, 
-e, /. : ir bocc An péAóAwc ajzá 
aij\, he has but a sorry a. ; (ii) 
pAeteArii, -cuti, m.; (iii) rtiocc, 
</. pteAccA, m. (Or.) ; (d) mien, 
(i) rcuun, -e, /.; (ii) sotAtf, -Am, 
m. : zÁ An 5. fin Ain, he has 
the a. of it (Or.) ; (e) figure, 
(i) ctót), -a, m.; (ii) ctrniA, g. 
id. f. : they had the a. of 
poverty, oi cumA nA boccAnACCA 
ontA (Or.) ; (iii) -oeitb, -e, /. : 
he has a good a., he cuts a good 
figure, if tuaic au *oeitb azá Ain 
(iv) -ormic, -a, m. (-oneAc, -a, m.) 
the a. of death, t)|\mc no -oneAc 
An bAif ; (v) c|uic, -a, m. (A/.), 

cnoc, -a, m.; cneAu,-A, m.; cnouAU 
-Ait, m. (Don.) : you have a bad 
a. to-day, if otc An cmic aca 
one luom (also cnut, gen. cnotA, 
m.) ; (/) complexion, rnuAT), 
-Aro and -a'úa, pi. id. m. : x>a 
5ite a fnuAii) nÁ eAtA a\\ crnnn. 

(3) Outward appearance, ex- 
ternal show, (a) A^Ait), g. Aijte, 
/. : put the best a. you can on 
it, ctnn ait ajjait) if peAnn Ain ; 
there is an a. of improvement 
in my hand, cá ajai'ó (cumA) 
bipij An mo tá'iríi ; (b) cAip , -e,. 
/. (the outward appearance of 
an object, Don.) ; (c) uAvóbpe, 
g. id. pi. -peACA, -peAnnA and -pi r 
/. : wonderful in a. are the 
horns of the cows beyond the 
seas, if mop €Ait)breAc iat> 
At)Anc<\ nA mbó tAp leAn (Con. 
prov., T. Con.) ; (d) (i) ftngiT) am 
gÁipe, the first a. of a smile, 
cÁ cÁip 5Áinix)e Aip (TT1. t).) ; 
(ii) pÁtAt), -Am, m.: the a. of 
laughter was on his mouth, oi 
pÁtA'ó ah jÁipe A]\ a béAl (M.) ; 
(e) ctnneAt) éAT)An "oÁpípio Af. 
An obAin, a good a. was really 
put on the work ; (/) idiom : keep- 
ing up appearances, A^ur iat) aj; 
con^bÁit a tnbéAi An a céite 
(ill. t).) ; (g) the country has 
a good a., cA flAcc (-a, m.) mAic 
A|A All cí|\. 

(4) Semblance or apparent 
likeness, (a) T>eAtlnAm, -Aitfi, m. 
(•oeAbnAtn) : the day has the a. 
of rain, cá -oeAtLtAAtu peAfXAwne 
A\\ An tÁ ; (6) AiniT>eAcc, -a, /. ; 
the day has no good a., ní'Aot n 
Ai|\roeAcc rhAit a\\ ati IÁ (also 
comAf\Ai"óeAcc, -a, /., Con.) ; the 
day has a bad a., uá X) r oc- 
gotAt) An An U\ (m. t3.) : ca 
•onocnniA(x)) a\\ au tÁ (Don) ; (c) 
CAifbeÁnAt), -riUvA, »/ : as it were 


( 86 ) 


. the a. of fire until the morning, 
triAn "oo beAt> cAir beÁnAt) ceineAt) 
50 niArow (Num. 9, 15) ; (d) 
cof rhAtAóc, -a, /. : and so it 
was always .... by night as 
it were the a. of fire, A$;ur- rriAj\ 
fin *oo bí fé 1 gcorhnuroe .... 
cofrhAtACc ceitieAT) 'f A n-oróce 
(Num. 9, 16) ; (e) judge not 
according to appearances, nÁ 
beif\ro bj\eic t>o |\éifi nA £Aicf ionA 
(Jo/m 7, 24). 

Appearing, n., the act of coming 
in sight, (1) ceAcc 1 tÁcAifi ; (2) 
ceAóc 1 f\.<yo-<vf\c, 1 n-AriiAnc, nó 
An AtúAnc (Don.). 

Appeasable, a., capable of being 
appeased, roicitiinigce. 

Appease, v.t., (1) to still, to calm, 
to make quiet, (a) ciuinijpm, 
-uigA'ó ; (b) rocnuijim, -ugAt) ; 
(c) rioctini;im, -ugAt). 

(2) To pacify, ceAnnrtngim, 
-ugA-o : every man but her own 
husband can a. a bad wife, 
ceAnnrmjeAnn 5AC tnte feAn 
*onoicbeAn acc a ^eAn pém (U. 
prov., H. M.). 

(3) To mitigate, (a) cAicligirn, 
-uigxvó ; (b) CAt5Aim, -a*ó. The 
word for appeasing in the Brehon 
Laws is €At5Aó, see vol. v., 466, 
1 (c). 

Appeaser, n., one who pacifies, 
cunnijceóin, -ónA, -ní, m. 

Appeasing, n. , the act of pacifying, 
(1) ceAnnfu^At), -mgce, m. ; (2) 
ciúimu^At), -ijce, m. 

Appellant, n., one who appeals, 
ah cé lAnnAf AicéirceAcc. 

Appellation, n., name, title, desig- 
nation, (1) Aintn, gen. -e, pi. id. 
and -neACA, m.; (2) corhAinrn, 
m.; (3) teAfAmm, m. (nickname); 
(4) gAinm, g. -AnniA, pi. id. and 
-AjwriArmA, /.; (5) cerae^t, -tut, 
m. (title). 

Appellative, a., naming, denomina- 
tive, 5Aij\meAC, -rm^e. 

Appendage, n., something ap- 
pended or attached, (1)5ioca, gen. 
id., pi. -aí, m.; (2) Astnrin, g. id., 
pi. -ni, m. 

Appendix, n., a supplement added 
to a book, (l) bneir, -e, /.; (2) 
■pof5|\iobAT), -oca, m,; (3) 
Agtnfín, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (4) 
-pointionAT), -ncA, m. 

Appertain, t>Aimm, v.n. bAin, bAinc; 
I appertain or belong to ; ap- 
pertaining ; also beAnAim and 
buAirmn, v.n. biiAin and btiAinc 
(applied only to reaping in M.) : 
5AÓ 11 it) bAmeAf "oo'n eA$;LAir, 
everything that appertains to 
the church. (Note. — t)Ainnn is 
used in such a variety of ways 
by the old people that it might 
be convenient to set down here 
all of them I know.) 

(1) Cut, dig, lift, strip, strike, 
as a$ bAinc p éi|\, coince nó ifiónA, 
cutting hay, oats or turf ; bAin 
An ceAnn T>e, cut off its head ; 
A5 bAinc pnÁc^í, digging potatoes; 
bAin fiAT) ah cnoiceAnn T>e, they 
stripped the skin off it ; bAin ré 
ah cAtArh te n-A coir, he struck 
the ground with his foot ; bAin 
An ctÁn *oe'n concÁn, lift the lid 
off the pot. 

(2) To strike violently or 
hastily against : lest thou dash 
thy foot against a stone, "o'eAgiA 
50 mbAinpeAT) *oo coir te ctoic 
(Ps. 91, 12). 

(3) t)Aimm, I take a thing 
unoffered, as opposed to gtACAim, 
I take a think that is offered to 

(4) t)Awim Ar, I draw, take ; 
bAin T>eoc Ar An cobAfi, take a 
drink out of the well (Or.) ; A5 
bAinc CAinnce Af=" drawing" 


( 87 


him out ; bAin f é gÁijvróe Ay, it 
made him laugh (Or.) ; extract, 
remove from, derive from, asbAw 
fé móf Án cAifbe Ay , he derived 
much benefit from it ; bAwceAf 
a Ainni Af teAbAf tiA t3eACA, let 
his name be removed from the 
Book of Life (K.). The word 
is used in some places for castrate, 
aj; bAinu Af mucAib (O'D. Gram. 
299) ; also to weaken : they 
weakened (took the substance 
out of) the milk by the amount 
of water put into it, bAin fiAX) 
An ufUftnA.1T) Af An bAirme te 
neAfc tuf^e (Or. prov.). 

(5) t)Ainim . ... Ay, (a) I take 
from ; (b) I anticipate a person 
in taking a thing, as bAin f é An 
y 51LLW5 fin onm, he took that 
shilling from me, or he antici- 
pated me in taking that shilling 
(which I hoped to have), sense 
very nearly = win, gain, over- 
came me in that affair (J. M. 

(6) t)Amim = take, having the 
force of, happen, seize, overtake 
or come by chance : I cannot 
-escape to the mountain lest 
some evil take me and I die, 
ní féAX)Aim ceiceA'ó fÁ'n fU Ab 
Ti'eAglA uitc 615111 t>o buAw "oom 
-\ 50 bf 111511™ bÁf (Gen. 19, 19) ; 
what happened to him, cat) a 
bAin T)ó. 

(?) Move, pull, ring, as bAin 
•au clog, pull the bell-rope (also 
= strike or ring the bell) ; A5 
bAinc UifÁn nó UnbeAnn, pulling 
weeds ; A5 bAinc Tnttif5, pulling 
sea-grass ; bAin An ctoc f m Af 
An cftije, move that stone out 
of the way ; pull a hair of a 
peevish man's beard and see 
will he let it go with you (un- 
punished), bAin junbe Af féAfói^ 

finneÁm 7 féAó ati teigfit) fé 
teAC é. 

(8) t)Ain T>e, to cease, undo, 
unloose, let go your hold of a 
thing : let go the rope, bAin T>e'n 
céAT) ; unloose your hold of me, 
bAin "oiotn (téi5 T)Atfi, Don.) ; 
I ceased to expect him, daw mé 
T)iiiL T>e (Or.) ; he gave up ex- 
pecting me, bAin fé a f uit T)íoin 
(J. P. H.). 

(9) t)Am T>e, extort, remove, 
take off, undress, unvest, etc. : 
bAin fé An f sitting fin "oiotn le 
fó5AifeAcc, he took that shilling 
off (from) me through roguery : 
from us is ruthlessly extorted 
what you spend idly : if -oinne 

bAH1CeA|\ 50 CfUAT)ÁtAC 5AC A 

5CAicceA|\ tib-fe 50 "oioriiAow ; 
take off your shoes, bAin t>íou 
T)o bfó5A ; A5iif CÁftA ah uAif 
tÁini5 lófepn cum a T)eAfbfÁic- 
feAó 5Uf beAUAT>Af a cóca t)e, 
and when Joseph came to his 
brothers they stripped him of 
his coat (Gen. 37, 23). 

(10) See Belong, cá mbAmeAtin 
fé T>o'n bAite feo, he does not 
belong to this town (Or.). t)Am 
te, concerns, meddles with, per- 
tains to, touches, interferes with, 
applies to or refers to : cá y 01b 
bAinc aca T)ó, they did not con- 
cern themselves about it ; touch 
a peevish person and he will 
touch you, bAin t>o fwneÁn -j 
bAinfi'ó An fmneÁn teAC (Or. 
prov.) ; nÁ bAin teif , do not 
meddle with or touch him ; A5Uf 
An ttiéiT) bAineAf teif ua "OAoirnb, 
and what concerns the people 
Af gnóCAib a bAin teó fém, on 
matters that concerned or per- 
tained to themselves (TliArii. p. 8), 
meddle not with married women, 
but make love to all the girls, 


( 88 ) 


(lit. make harvest among the 
girls), nÁ bAW Leif ha mmvib 
■jófCA ac x>éAn fojrhAf rMeAfj; 
tiA jjcAitin (Or.). 

(11) t)Awim auiao, achieve; 
make out ; secure : bAm mé 
CtiAfA Am ac, I made out Clare 
Island (that is, by the ' : skin 
of my teeth ") in a storm 
(J. M., 0' R.) ; bAm auiac teAc, 
make off ! (Or.). 

(12) t)Ainim AtnAc, take pos- 
session of, exact, eke out : An 
lVf\eifT)ioL a bAin fiA*o aitiac, 
the exorbitant interest they 
exacted (Keat.). 

(13) t>Aimm, I win, succeed : 
•the Arab won the race, bAin ah 
c-Af Ab ah fÁr a. [It is generally 
pronounced as if written tnnn 
(exactly = win) in Ulster, and 
always in Achill Island, J. M. 
O'R.; also in parts of JM.] 
The mare will win or she 
will lose the bridle, toAinpi-o 
An CApAtX no CAittpró fi An 
cffiAn (Ul. prov., 402 H. M.). 
[In U. CApAtt= mare, geAffAn 
= horse, LÁif being very rarely 
heard.] It is a bad third at- 
tempt that will not succeed, if 

OtC ATI CfíOlflAt) 1AffACC UAC 

mbAmpit) (U. prov., H. M.) ; 
are you winning or losing ? 
bftnt cu A5 bAinc no A5 cAitt- 
eAniAinc (Or. prov.). 

(14) t)Am mé auiac 'n-A uoiAro, 
I followed them that is shreivdhj 
(in a sharp sense), ably, keeping- 
well in possession of their move- 
ments, they were not going to 
elude me (J. M. O'R.). 

(15) t)Am pAoi, to humble: 
bAinpeAf púc, you will be 
humbled (Or.) ; it is hard to 
humble a proud person, au Arc 
a mbíonn fCfÁic if "001115 A5 

bAinc -pAoi (Or. prov:).. 

(16) A5 bAinc fméA|\ nó end,, 
picking blackberries or nuts. 
See (1). 

(17) Aw ceAnn T)o bAinc "oe'ii 
fgéAt, to make a clean breast 
of it, to own up. 

(18) t)Am fé Af 1 mbAff ha. 
opAfgAí, he rushed off as fast as 
possible ; bAm Af , be off quickly. 

(19) flit Aon bAinc AgAm teif r 
I have nothing to do with him.. 
See (10). 

(20) t)Am OAff ha cUiAire "oiom 
mÁfA bptnt An f if nine A^Am,. 
I assure you in all confidence it 
is true (lit. take off the tip of my 
ear if I have not got the truth). 
See (1). 

(21) t)Am ré Anuc f a 5CAinnc r 
he warmed to his subject, com- 
menced speaking rapidly. 

(22) t)Am fé Aitif AfAtn, he 
snubbed me. 

(23) Agur meAjtfJAtX a\\ bit 
niof bAm x>ó gtif oeAmunt; ré 
ifceAc, and nothing put him 
astray until he entered. 

(24) t)Am ocnAf t»ó, h? got 
hungry (111. X).). 

(25) t)Ain fe pfeAb AfAm, he 
startled me, took a " rise " out 
of me. 

(26) t)Ain fé a connéA-o be&ts 
Af, he got his livelihood from it. 

(27) tDAinfeA-o fÁfAm oe, I 
will have satisfaction from him. 

(28) Af cí T>eACAc a bAinc Ay 
r\A cijeAfnAib cAtmAn, about to 
" knock " smoke out of the- 

Appetiser, n., something which 
whets the appetite, AnntAnn 
(Ánt Ann, Don.), -Amn, m. 

Appetising, a., giving an appetite. 
OlAfCA, ind. 


( 89 ) 


Appetite, n., a relish for food, (1) 
5oite, g. id. f, : if my wife is ill 
she has not lost her a., mÁ cá 
mo beAn uwn níofi cAitt fi a 
501 te ; (2) mnt, -e, /. : I have 
no a., fift Aon x>ú\l ctirii bró 
omu (also 1 mbiAt) AgAm) ; (3) 
mu\n, -éwe, /. .* cA miAn riiAit 
cum bÍT) ojim, I have a good a. ; 
one's a. is sharpened by the sight 
of food, miAn mic a pint ; (4) 
lérbmi^e, g. id. f. 

Appetite, n., canine, (1) ciocpAr, 
-Aif, m.; (2) AmptAT>, -ait>, m.; 

(3) AinmiAn, -méme, f. (G. D.) ; 

(4) biuté ocpAip *, (5) ptofj, -a, m. 
Applaud, v.t., to approve, (1) 

A-ótúolAim, -ax) (0' Beg.) ; (2) 
bAfbtiAitim, -At) ; (3) bAfjÁijro- 

Applause, n:, approbation, (1) bAf- 
buAtAt). -Aitge, mi; (2) bÁp- 
gAijvoeACAp, -Aif, m.; (3) a*o- 
motA'ó, -trA, m. 

Applausive, «., expressing applause, 

bAfbUAtAC, -Aige. 

Apple, n., the fruit of the" apple 
tree, AbAtt, no ubAtt, -aiU, -btA, 
m. (c/. Bret, ánal, avallen ; W, 
afal ; Corn, aual'en ; Ger. apfel.; 
Eng. apple) : A5 cAiceAtn ubAtt 
f An ubAttjopu, throwing apples 
into an orchard (superfluous 

Apple of the eye, (a), meAtt (ua 
rut) ; (b) mogAtt n4 p til. ; (c) 
ctoc n a p til ; (d) mAc emmip 
An cpCnt (^lrcm) ; mAc impeApAn 

Apple (Adam's), the projection in 
the neck formed by the thyroid 
cartilage, (a) ubAtt ua bp^At) ; 
(b) meAtt bpÁjAt) (K.). 

Apple-pie, n., a pie made of 
apples, nbAiUpi$e. 

Apple-tree, v., a tree of the genus 
Pyrus. (l)cpAnn uoaU; (2) ubAilt, 

-e, -i, /. : I hate (to see) an 
orchard without apples, ip puAt 
tiom ubAitt 5An uotA ; (3) 
ubAttóg, /.; (4) cumpos, /. 

Apple-blossom, n., (1) btÁt cum 
poi^e ; (2) btÁc ubAtt. 

Applicable, a., fit or suitable to 
be applied, oipeAtúnAC, -A15C 

Appliance, n., apparatus or device f 
mptip, -e, -i, /.; sléAp, -éip, pi. 
id. m. 

Applicability, > n., fitness to be 

Applicableness,y" applied, oip- 
eAmnAcr, -a, /. 

Applicant, ??., one who applies for 
something, (If) eiUjceoip, -ópA ? 
-pí, m.; (2) iAppAtóip, -ójaa, -pí, m. 

Application, n., the making of a 
request, lAppACAp, -Aip', m. 

Apple-bearing, a., ubt<\c, -Ai£e. 

Apply, v.i., (1) to lay or place, put 
or adjust one thing with another, 
(a) cuipnn (te nó a\\), v.n. cup, 
imper. ctn|\ ; a. a plaster to the 
boil, cuip céipín teip (nó An) aw 
mof-joiT) ; (b) buAitnn te. 

(2) To fix closely and atten- 
tively, («) let thy heart a. itself 
to instruction and thine ears to 
the words of knowledge, uAbAip 
•oo cporóe "oo teA^An^; ~] "oo 

CttlAfATDO bjMACfAlb eÓtAlf (PVOV. 

23, 12) ; (b) a. thy heart to my 
doctrine, 10m p 1115 "oo cporóe cum 
m'eótAif-fe (Prov. 22, 17) ; (c) 
to a. your mind closely to it, 
-o'Aigne x>o cun teif. 

(3) To apply or refer to : 
and as much as applied to the 
people, *| An méro OAmeAp leip 
iu "OAomib. 

(4) To apply, as for help : 
he applied to him for help, 
T>'iA|\|\ re cAbAi|\ Ai r . 

Apply, i to attend closely to, 
cteAccAnn, -ax). 


( 90 ) 


Appoint, v.t., (1) to fix. establish, 
mark out, (a) ceAp^im, -*vó ; (b) 
cinnim, -neAiii-A-m, from which. 
(c) cinncKprn, -uuijat). and (d) 
|\éirhcinnci5im, -n.15.A-o : though 
it be appointed, 51-0 50 jcinnueAjv; 
(e) rocjunjim, -«5^*0. 

(2) To fix by decree, order, 
command, law, (a) ó\\'ou^m , 
-«sat) ; (b) -otisim, -je^o ; (c) 
-peAcctnjun, -ujjró ; ^101151™ A|\. 

(3) To assign or designate, (a) 
T)ÁUnjim, -ugAt) ; (b) «Mntrmijim, 

Appointed, a., ordained, settled, 
fixed, (1) cmnce, ind. ; (2) 
ófvouigte ; (3) rocjunjte ; (4) 
Ainmnijte ; (5) it is appointed 
for men once to die, if éigin x>o 
tMomib bÁr "o'frAjÁit Aon uaija 
AtfiÁin (P. L.) 

Appointing, ??., the act of ordaining 
settling or fixing, (1) ceApxvó, 
-urgce and -ptA, m.: (2) cmneAT), 
-nee, m.; (3) cinnumjAt). -i$te, 
m.; (4) ójvoujat), -uijce. w.; (5) 
^ÁUijxVú, -urgte, m.; (6) foc- 
■(AtigAX), -ingte, m. 

Appointment, n.. the act of ap- 
pointing, (1) ójvóu5*vó, -unijee, 
m. : I came according to your 
a., tÁngAf *oo j\éif\ Tí'ójvourgte ; 
(2) coinne, /. : *oo jni comne 
jnr t\a cápcAíb, makes an a. 
for cards (gambling), (K.). See 
Appointing and Appoint. 

Apportion, v.t., to allot, (1) fioinnim, 
v.n. f\oirm(c) : (2) seAffiAim axy\ac 


apportion this yearly rent to her. 

Apportioning, n., the act of divid- 
ing into just shares, (1) as 
5eA|\|tAT) aytiaC ; (2) A£ poimic. 

Apportionment, n., the act of 
allotting justly, pomn, -e, -a, /.; 
also ftownt, /.; TMitiujAó, -i$te, 
m., and •oÁiteAtri, -tnfi, m. 

Apposite, a., suitable or fit, (1) 
oi|\e-AmnAc (0ifve.Atrm.4c, Don.), 
-A^e ; (2) lorncubAró, -e. 

Appositely, ad., suitably, 50 noij\- 
eAtfmAc, 50 biomcubAit). 

Appositeness, n., fitness or suitable- 
ness, oij\e.Atfm.Acu, -a, f. 

Apposition, n. (Gram.), the state 
of two nouns or pronouns put 
in the same case without any 
connecting word between them : 
as, I much admire Torna, the 
poet, cÁ -ajvo-riieap A^Am a\\ 
ÚopnA pie ; (1) coiiiAirnéir, -e, 
/.; (2) Afifuvo : 1 n-AivnAt), in ap- 
position (N.) 

Apprehend, v.t. (1) to take or 
seize mentally or physically, (a) 
t>eijvim a\\, v.n. bpeic : I count 
not myself to have yet appre- 
hended [it], 111 me-Af-Aim 50 j\u$ 
mé pór inpte (Phil. 3. 13) ; (b) 
5AbAim a\\, v.n. jjAbÁii : niÁ tém 
cú AniAó .Anocc ^.AbtAn oj\c 50 
■oeApbcA, if you go out to-night 
you will surely be apprehended 
(Or.) ; and when he had ap- 
prehended him he put him in 
prison, A^ur a\k n-A §AbAiL *oó 
cuif\ f é 1 bpjnor tin é (Acts 12, 4) ; 
(c) 5tACAim, v.n. ^Iacax), with 
1 tÁirii : they apprehended him, 
x>o 5 Laca*o An 1 tÁnn é ; (d) 
cógAim, -Ail ; (e) eAtt^-AbAim, 

(2) To take hold of with the 
understanding, (a) cur^mi, v.n. 
cui5pn(c), cnif5inu (M.) ; (b) 
to consider, rAoiUm, -leAX) ; (c) 
•OAn tiom. 

(3) To anticipate, generally 
with fear, (a) ir bAo^At tiom ; (b) 
ca eA$lA onm ; (c) zá ArhnAr onm. 

Apprehended, a., arrested, (1) 
5AbcA (n-A pníof úiiac) ; (2) ^AbtA 
1 tÁirh ; (3) eApgAbtA ; (4) 
SlActA ; (5) 5Aibte (Don.). 


( 91 ) 


Apprehender, %, one who appre- 
hends, 5tdCdif\e, g. id. -j\i, m. 

Apprehending, n., the act of ar- 
resting, JADÁlt, -ÁI.A, f. 

Apprehension, (1) seizure, (a) catch- 
ing, bjieic, -e, g. (also béAj\tA 
and bei^te, /.) ; (b) taking, (i) 
5AUÁit, -ÁtA, /.; (ii) co^Ait, -ÁtA, 
/.; (iii) ^iACAT), -cca, m.; (iv) 
eAjvgAbÁit, -ÁtA, /. 

(2) Grasping intellectually 
without affirmation or denial, 
(a) ctngfin (ctnsfinc) -ponA, /.; 
cuif5inc, -e, /. (M.). 

(3) Opinion, indicating a strong 
belief but not certainty, (a) 
cuxMjum, -|\tne, /.; (b) ftnuAiri- 
eAtri, -nirh, m.; (c) DAjvAriiAit, 
-tfitA, /. : he did not act accord- 
ing to truth but a., nio|\ gniotfi- 
uk; fé *oo |véi|\ píjurme acc t>o 

•JAélfl OAfVAriltA. 

(4) Anticipation with distrust 
or fear, (a) bAo$At, -Ait, m. : 
after the death of his father 
he was in no small a. for his 
own life, 1 wo\avo fcAtp a AtA]\ 

níOJA tteAg A DAO^At Afl fOTI A 

AnmA péw ; (b) eAgtA, g. id. /.; 
(c) AifiiAAf , -Aif , m. 

Apprehensive, a., fearful of pos- 
sible harm, (1) Arii|\AfAc, -Aige ; 
(2) eAgtAc, -Aije. 

Apprehensively, ad., with fear of 
danger, (1) 50 tiArhjAAf ac ; (2) 

50 tieA^lAC. 

Apprehensiveness n., the quality 
or state of being apprehensive, 

AtflflAfACC, /• 

Apprentice, n., one bound by 
indentures to learn a trade, (1) 
A*ot>A\y, -Ai|\, m. (M.), Át)bA|A 
(Don.) ; a. f aoi|\, a carpenter's 
apprentice : (2) pógtúmceCAó), 
m.; (3) ptM'ncífeAc, -fij, -fige, 
m. (M.), p|\encifeAó (Don.). 

Apprentice, v.t., to bind to a trade 
or business, pjuncif 151m (p^enof * 
151m, Don.), -lu^At). 

Apprentice-fee, n., cÁitte, g. id., 
pi. -ti, /. 

Apprise, v.t., to inform, (1) wnipm, 
v.n. innfin(c) ; (2) nocctujim, 
-tigAT) (also noccAim, -a'ó) ; (3) 
-poittfigmi, -iti5A*ó ; (4) C|\ao£>- 
f5Aoititn, -teA'ó, m.; (5) cAO|\Aim 
■piof , v.n. cAbAi|\c. 

Approach, v.t., to come or draw 
near to, (1) T>tuiroim (te) ; (2) 
051m 1 115 aj\ nó 1 tÁtAi|\ : ca|v 
1 ngAjA, approach, come near ; 
(3) lonrifAijim, -ge. 

Approach, n., (1) the act of ap- 
proaching, (a) ionnfAi$e, g. id., 
m.; (b) ceAcc, ind., m. and /. ; 

(2) (way), ftige, g. id., pi. -te, f. 
Approachable, a., accessible, m- 


Approacher, n., one who ap- 
proaches, ionnfAi5teói|\, m. 

Approaching, n., the act of drawing 
near, (1) •ofiuroitTi tÁitfi te ; (2) 
ceAóc 1 ri5Af\ *oó : ceAóu is 
indeclinable ; sao^, -a, m. ; 

(3) approach him as a merciful 
father, "oéAnAró aija mAjx acaija 
c|\óCAi^\eAc (P. L.) ; he was ap- 
proaching the house, oí fé as 
x>éAv\Arh Aj\ An "ocij; (4) approach- 
ing us, A5 ceAnnAt) tmn ; (5) he 
approached me, funne ye ojwi. 

Approachless, a., impossible to be 
approached, uac -péroifi ceAcu 
'n-A 5A-(\. 

Approbation, n., approval, sanc- 
tion, commendation, (1) *oéi$- 
rheAf, -fUA, in.; (2) motA'ó, -Ira, 


Appropriate, a., suitable, fit, pro- 
per, (1) oij\eAtrmAC, -Arge ; (2) 
lomctiOAró, -e ; (3) peiteAtfmAC, 
-Aije (Con. for oifeAtrmAc) ; (4) 
triAit, -e. 


( 92 ) 


Appropriate, v.t., (1) to take to 
one's self to the exclusion of 
others, uógAnn rnAjA mo euro 
-pew ; (2) to set apart for a par- 
ticular use or person, ctnjvim 1 
LeAtcAoib, we will appropriate 
this money to the purchase of a 
horse, cuijvpimi'o Anc-Aif^eAT) f o 1 
LeAtcAoib ct»m CApAitL a ceAnnAc. 

Appropriately, ad., in a fit or 
proper manner, 50 hoifieAifmAc. 

Appropriateness, n., peculiar fit- 
ness, (1) oif\eAtúnAcc, /.; (2) 
lotncubAróeAcr, /. 

Appropriation, n., the act of as- 
signing for a particular use, 
feAtbu^At), -tnjte, w. 

Approvable, a., meritorious, (1) 
mtiieAfCA, ind.; (2) lormioLrA. 

Approval, n., approbation, sanc- 
tion, (1) "oéijtrieAr-, -t&, »1. ; (2) 
mot At), -Vca, m. 

Approve, v.t., to sanction, to con- 
firm, to commend, (1) *oéig- 
meAfAim, -riieAf ; (2) inotAim, 
-At) : I do not a. of. your con- 
versation, ni rholAim *oo corii^Át) ; 
(3) cAobuigim (also CAobAim, 
-At»), -ugAt) ; (4) I a. your senti- 
ments, pAjAim (-pÁjjAim, Don.) 
OlAf aj\ x>o CAinnr. 

Approved, a., commended, T>éi$;- 


Approximate, a., approaching, near 
to, (1) -otuit, -e ; (2) pognf ; (3) 
AtctmiAi^, -e. 

Approximation, n., drawing or 
being near to, (1) btnlle pA 
tuAijum ; (2) T)ttiiteAcc, -a, /.; 
(3) 'otútAi'óeAóc, /.; (4) Atcum- 
A1|\eAÓC. -a, /. 

Appurtenances, n„ things that 

belong to something else, At)- 

lAinróe (pi.). 
Appurtenant, a., pertaining to a 

more important thing, At)tAiri- 

eAc, -mje. 

Apricot, n., a tree and its fruit 
(prunus Armeniaca of Linnaeus), 

(1) p|\úine -AjAmeineAc ; (2) Ap- 
IMC05, -óige, -a, /. 

April, n., the fourth month of the 
year, (1) AbjvÁn, -Ám, m. (M.) ; 

(2) Aibf\eÁn, -em, m. (Con. and 
U.) ; An tfri bjVAonAc ; April 
showers bring forth May flowers r 
ceACA An Ab-pAm beif\ bLÁtA 
t)eAtxAine ; when April blows 
his horn 'tis good for hay and 
corn, An cau f éroeAf An c-AbjAÁn 
a at)Ajac if mAit "oo'n f éAfi -] *oo'n 
Af\bA|\. The first days of April are 
called lAeteAncA ua juAbAice (M r . 
Lim.), also cj\í láiia juAbAijje and 
mAbóige (see II. M. VI. Prov., 
p. 194). Aibf\eÁn I105 bf\AonAC 
a bei|\ bAmne C1115 bA ip C1115 
cAoimg, soft showery April that 
brings the milk to cows and 
sheep (U. prov.. H. M. 1209). 

Apron, n., an article of dress wont 
in front to keep the clothes 
clean, Apjuín, -dm, m.; (2) 
p|AÁif5ín, g. id., pi. -n , m, 
(Tip.), a coarse apron with 
many pockets, also a shoe- 
maker's apron, bfAAifsín (in Or, 
and Mea.) : if poi^f e t>o mnAoi 
leicf^éAtnÁ a btvAifsín (pjiAirgin,. 
Don.), an excuse is handier to 
a woman than her apron (17. 
prov.) ; her apron was over- 
flowing with nuts, bi a b|AAif5in 
téite tomLÁn "oe cnún (Or.) ; (3) 
bA|\|\A béa, a shoemaker's apron 
of dried sheepskin with the wool 
on ; (4) bf uméAT)Ac, -A15, -Aije r 
m.; (5) ctntéA'OAc, m.; (6) uccac, 
m.; (7) "oíonbfvéro, /.; (8) cmof- 
tAc, m. 

Apropos, ad., opportunely, (a) 
zpÁtAxtiAM, -riiU\ ; (p) 50 c^Át- 

Apt, a., (1) inclined or disposed to. 


( 93 ) 


ctAon, -ome ; too apt to forgive, 
^ócLAon cum triAicim ; apt to 
break, cLAon cum bmr-ce ; apt 
to fall, fallible, loncuice ; apt 
to blunder, drop, let fall, slip, 
cApÁncA ; apt to lose one's 
temper, ce, comp. ceó ; apt to 
be led astray, fAob, -oibe. 

(2) Ready, fo-, r° 1 " prefixes, 
•pocferoeArhAil, apt to believe. 
' Aptha, n., a disease of the mouth, 
cj\Aor-5AtAjt, m. 
Aptitude, n., tendency to a par- 
ticular action or effect, clAon- 

CACC, ~A, f. 

Aptly, ad:, (1) 50 béAfSAi-ó ; (2) 50 

buttAm ; 50 bu^nf. 
Aqua, n., water, uifge, m., gen. 

id., pi. -jroe. 
Aqua fortis, n., nitric acid, tnfge 

Aqua vitse, n., whisky, (1) uifge- 

beACA ; (2) biocÁiU,e ; (3) beAí- 

tiifse, g. id. m. 
Aquatic, ft., pertaining to water, 

(1) mrs^c, -gige ; (2) uifseAm- 

íac, -Aige. 
Aquatic bird, (a) éAr\ f nÁmie ; (b) 

éAn uwge. 
Aqueduct, n., a conduit for con- 
veying water, (1) uwsmAn, -aw, 

m. (0' Beg.) ; (2) umAj\ uifge, m. 
Aqueous, a., watery, uifgeAiriAiL, 


Aqueousness, n., wateriness, uifg- 

eAmtAcc, -a, /. 
Aquiline, a., curving or hooked, 

like an eagle's beak, cfvomósAc, 

-Aij;e ; (2) cAtnjjobAc, -Ai$e ; 

(3) CAmf|\ótiAc, -Aije. 
Arable, a., fit for ploughing or 

tillage, (1) wcfveAbcA ; (2) ion- 

cfAot|\uK;ce (O'Beg.). 
Arable land, icij\, g. -e, /. ; peAj\- 

A\vn, -Avn, m. (Or.). 
Arbiter, n., one whose power of 

deciding is not limited, (1) 
bfieiceAm, g. -ceAmAn and -c.rii, 
pi. -teArhAin, m.; (2) supreme a., 
fÁij\bfieiteArii, %/ (3) chief a., 
Ái|Vobf\eiteArh, gen. -cim and 
-íeArhAti, pi. -teArhAin, m. 
Arbitrament, n., determination, 
decision, ftérócedcc, -a, /.; jiéit)- 
ceAc, -C15, m. 
Arbitrarily, ad., in an arbitrary 
manner, absolutely, (1) 50 boij- 
fiéif\eAó ; (2) *oo |\éi|\ cot a ; (3) 
5A11 f niAcc ; (4) gAn cor-j;. 
Arbitrariness, n., the quality of 
being arbitrary, despotism, 015- 
|Véi|\eAcc, /. 
Arbitrary, a., (1) despotic, 015- 
Héi|\eAc ; (2) acting according to 
one's own will, coiteAtriAit ; (3) 
5 An cu|\ n-A A5AIT) ; (4) unre- 
strained, neAtrifmAccuijce. 
Arbitrate, v.L, (1) to hear and 
decide as arbitrators, (1) mot- 
Attn, -ax> ; (2) to decide generally, 
(ft) i\éit)ci5itri, -ceAó, ra.; (b) x>o 
b|veic bjveice ; (c) "oéAnAm eA*o- 
|\Af5Án (Or.) 
Arbitration, n., the adjudication 
of a case by persons chosen by 
the parties, (1) motA-o beq^ce : 
"o'pÁg fiAt) pé rholAT) bei|\ce é, 
they left it to arbitration ; (2) 
ÁifYo-ifieAf, -fCA, m. (O'Don. 
Supp.) ; (3) b^eAcnujAt), -tnjce, 
m.; (4) eATí^AfSÁn, -Ám, m. : 
e. &at>a\\ aw cac 'r* An meAf^Án, 
the a. between the cat and the 
roll of butter (U. prov., H. M. 
Arbitrator, n. a person chosen by 
parties at variance to decide 
between them, (1) motxóif , -ó|\a, 
-m', m.; (2) í\éróceoifi, -ój\a, -fú, 
m. [this word is also used in 
Munster for a knitting-needle or 
other like instrument passed 
through the stem of a pipe to 


( 94 ) 


free the passage], ceAnn férócrg 
(TTI. t).) ; (3) An rneAfA > oóij\ , -ófiA, 
-|aí, m. [In Tyrone the rneAfA'oói^ 
was a man appointed to settle 
disputes between farmers who 
had grazing in common in the 
mountainous districts. ' : He 
was not appointed by the land- 
lord or by the Government, nor 
does it appear that there was 
any formal election by the 
people. He seems to have been 
some man of probity and intel- 
ligence to whom the people ! 
turned by general and spon- 
taneous assent in cases of dis- 
pute. He always acted gra- 
tuitously, and there was no 
appeal from his decision. What- 
ever fine he imposed might as 
well be paid at once, as his 
award was always upheld by 
the court when its fairness was 
questioned. The last nieAfAt)- 
óifi, John Connolly, died at Creg- 
gan, Co. Tyrone, about forty 
years ago " — (Rev.) C. Short, 
July 20, 1909] ; (4) mAO|\ ci|\c 
(T. Con., 1Tlion-cAinnc). 

Arbitress, n., a female arbiter, 
jxéróceós, -oige, -a, f. 

Arboreous, a., pertaining to trees, 
(1) cjvArmAC, -Aije ; (2) cfi aodac, 

Arborescence, n., resemblance to a 
tree in minerals, cf\AnnACt, -a, f. 

Arborescent, a., resembling a tree, 
cjvdrmArhAit, -rhlA. 

Arbour, n., a bower, cf\AirmceAc, 
gen, -cije, pi. -ojte, m. 

Arbutus, n., an evergreen shrub 
of the heath family, (1) cAitne, 
gen. id. /. {Arbutus unedo) ; (2) 
pAocjidrm, -Awn, m.; (3) fAcc- 
CfArm, -Airm, m. 

Arbutus berries, n., uftLA oAictie, 
f. (pi.). 

Arcade, n., a continuous series of 
arches, Áif\fe (fA*OA), f. 

Arc, ) n., a curved member or 

Arch,j" something resembling it, 
as the arch of a bridge, the arch 
of heaven, (1) Ái^pe, g. id., pi. --pi, 
/.; (2) -pcuAj;, -Aige, -caca, /., m. 
(see B.LL. I. 134, 4, where this is 
exactly the word used) : y cuAg 
neirhe, the arch of heaven ; 
f cuA^-oof tip , an arched door-way. 

Arch (heavenly), n., eApc, -a, /. 

Arch, a., droll, sportively mis- 
chievous, (1) aiu, -e ; (2) cteAf ac, 
-Ai$e ; (3) iLbe-dfAC, -Aige. 

Arch, v.t. and i., to cover with an 
arch, to bend in the shape of 
an arch, bo^Aim, -at). 

Arch of a bridge, (a) rú\l -opoicro ; 
(b) x>oileA > o, -tro, m. 

Archaeological, a., relating to anti- 
quities, feAiifgéAtAc, -Aije. 

Archaeologist, n., one versed in 
archaeology, peAn pgéAUiróe, g. 
id., pi. -*oce, m. (old story-teller). 

Archaeology, n., the science of 
antiquities, (1) p eAnóAp , -Aip ; (2) 
peAnpseAUiroeAcc, -a, f. ; (3) 
peAneotAp, -Aip, m. 

Archaic, a., antiquated, uau, -Aite, 

Archangel, n., a chief angel, ÁpT>- 
Ain^eAt, m.; ApCAinseAt, -git, 
pi. id. m. 

Archangel, n. (Bot.), angelica, arch- 
angelica, lamium album, etc., 
neArmuós rhApb, /.; balm-leaved, 
tup via mbeA^ ; red, neAtincóg 
fhtn-pe ; white, neAnncój bÁn. 

Archbishop, n., a chief bishop, 
Á|\T>eAfpo5, -pins, m. 

Archbishopric, n., the see of an 
archbishop, ÁjvoeApposAi'óeACu 
no Ái]YoeAfptii5eAcc, -a, f. 

Arch-Brehon, n., chief Brehon, (1) 
ajvooUIatti , gen. -rhAti, pi. -rhAin, 
m. ; (2) ÁjvobpeiteArh, -rhAn, 
-tfiAin, m. 


( 95 ) 


Archdeacon, n., an ecclesiastical 
dignitary, (1) Ájvo-'oeocÁnAc, -A15, 
m.; (2) Aif\ceAnnAC, m.; (3) aijv- 
T)e^5ÁnAc, -A15, m. 

Arched, a., supplied with arches, 

(1) fcuAjtAC, -Aige ; (2) áij\- 

Arch-conspirator, n., chief con- 
spirator, ÁifVoceAt5Aif\e, g. id., 
pi. -\ú, m. 

Arch-druid, n., chief druid, (1) 
Pf\íotrro|\Aoi, g. id., pi. -iúe, m.; 

(2) Áfvo- > of\Aoí, m. 
Arch-duchess, n., wife of a duke, 

beAti Á|\ > o- > oiCiice, /. 
Arch-duke,- n., a prince of the 

imperial family of Austria, ajyo- 

tmvhc, -e, m. 
Arch-enemy, w., principal enemy. 

ÁfTOíiAiriAro, m. 
Arched-roof, bojcAin, -AtiA, f. 
Archer, n., one skilled in the use 

of the bow and arrow, (1) 

t>o£<voóif, -ófVA, -f\í, m.; (2) 

gAtlinseAC, -515, m. ; (3) 5Airm- 

eói|\, m.; (4) fAi5T)eói|\, m. (c/. 

L. Sagittarius) ; (5) peAf\ bogA, m. 
Archery, n., the use of the bow 

and arrow, (1) bojA'ooifAeAoc, /.; 

(2) irAi5"oeótvAcc, /. (Mn. 1552) ; 

(3) -pdi5 > oeóii\eAcc, -a, /.; (4) 
5Awneóif\eACc, -a, f. 

Archetype, n., the original model 

of a work, pjúomfArhUvó, -Ixa, 

m.; pj\iorhcofLAf, -Aif , m. (O'E.) 
Archetypical, a., relating to an 

archetype, pjúotficor-tAc, -Aige 

Arch-fiend, n., principal fiend, aijvo- 

•óeArhAn, m. 
Archiepiscopacy, } n., the state 
Archiepiscopate, f or dignity 

of an archbishop, ÁijvoeAfpog- 

AróeAóc, /. 
Archiepiscopal, a., of or pertaining 

to an archbishop, AifvoeAfpoj;- 

Aróeaó, -*ói$;e. 

Architect, n., one skilled in the art 
of building, (1) Allege, gen. id., 
pi. -|\i, m.; {2) Aitceoifv, -ójia, 
-j\í, ml; (3) fAoj\, -oi|\, m. (c/. 
An 5 ot> ^ n SAOfi, the " smith- 
architect "). [Note the non- 
aspiration of the b, which we 
now aspirate in the modern 
word gAbA, a smith. Some think 
j;obÁn is merely a man's name, 
but tradition has it that it 
means smith, which is worth 

Architectural, a., of or pertaining 
to the art of building, AilcjveAc, 

Architecture, n., the art or science 
of building, Aitcf\eAcc, -a, f. 

Archives, n., public records, (1) 
5fiAibcfúotAC€, -a, f. The word 
also means the place where 
archives are preserved ; f eAn- 
f5fibneói|\eAóc, -a, f. ; feAn- 
■p5|ubirme, g. id. f. 

Arch-judge, n., chief judge, ájvo- 
bjAeiteAtn, -cirii, m. 

Archly, ad., with attractive sly- 
ness or roguishness, 50 íiaic; 50 


Archness, n., sly humour free from 
malice, AiceAcc, -a, /. 

Arch-philosopher, n., chief philo- 
sopher, AjYOOUAtil, -ttiAn, ph 
-rhAm, ra. 

Arch-priest, n., a chief priest^ 
ÁjvofAjjAfc, m. 

Arch-rogue, n., a thorough rogue, 
po^clA , óAi|\e, g. id., pi. -j\i, m.p 
píofbiteAttinAó, -A15, m. 

Arch-traitor, n., a chief traitor, 
ÁifvorhéijVleAc, m. 

Archway, n., a passage or way 
under an arch, Ái^fe, g. id., pL 

-n> /• 

Arctic, a.-, (1) northern, (a) cuaic- 
be^L ; (b) cuAitbeAtAó, -Aije ; 
(c) nu\if5eAf\rAó. 


( 96 ) 


(2) Frigid, f\eóT)AC, -Aige. 
Ardency, n., (1) warmth of affec- 
tion, (a) ceAfAróeAcc, /.; (b) 
ÁilseAfAcc, -a, /.; (2) warmth 
of passion, T)éme, g. id. f. 

Ardent, a., (1) hot or burning, ce, 
comp. ceó. 

,(2) Fierce, as applied to the 
passion, (a) thau, g.s.f. -oéme ; 
<P) •oirSif. -5t^e (B.LL. V. 134, 
19) ; (c) 5^5, -A^ge. 

(3) Warm, as applied to the 
affections, (a) ÁiLjjeAf ac, -Ai£e ; 
(b) ceAr*5f\ÁT), ardent love ; ceA-p- 
rholAT), ardent praise. 

Ardently, ad., in an ardent manner, 

50 thau ; 50 cpvéAn ; 50 cjuiait) ; 

50 ce ; 50 <ceAf5f\At)Ac, ardently 

Ardour, n., (1) heat in a literal 

sense, (a) reap, -a, m..; (fr) 

CeAfA1T)eACC, -a, /. 

(2) Heat of affection, -oiojfVAir, 
e, /.; ceAf5|\At)Acu, -a, /. 

(3) Heat of passion, *oémeAr\ 
-nip, m. With flaming ardour, 
50 tomtoifgneAc. 

Arduous, a., difficult, laborious, 
(1) cfitiA'oAtAc, -Aije ; (2) cÁf- 
rhA|\, -Ai|\e; cjwait), -e. 

Arduousness. n., the quality of 
being arduous, cnuAT)ÁiL, -áía, /. 

Are, present, indie, pi. of verb to 
be, ca ; cÁimíT) (M.), cÁmuro 
(C7.), we are ; uá pb, you are ; 
CÁ -piAT), they are : they are as 
they always were — with good 
appetites and little to eat, cait) 
mAfi bioT)Aj\ yiiArh, goite ttiAiu aca 
*1 gAu puwn te n-ite ; as are, 
which are, niA|\ atzá ; who are 
you % cia tuf a ? ; I am thy son, 
tp mif e t>o rhAc ; are you the 
man ? An cufA ^n ]:e&\y ? ; no 
I am not, ní mé ; where are you 
from ? cat) Af cú ? ; cat) Af T)uic ; 
cat) Aj\ b'Af tú (Don.). Note 

that -if is always omitted after 
the interrogative particle An, and 
after the negative particle ní : a^ 
é f eo An Áic ? is this the place ? ; 
111 né, it is not (c/. V ésmi, I am ; 
ésti, he is ; Gr. eo-rt ; L. est ; 
Skr. asti, he is). 

Area, n., the courtyard of a build- 
ing, cuij\c, /. (G. D.). 

Arena, n., any place of public 
contest, j\de. g. id. f. : 1 meAT)ón 
ua fAAe, in the middle of the 
arena (Mn. 3143). 

Argue, v.t., (1) to debate or discuss, 
cA5^Aim, -5A11AC and -5fw*T>, fut- 

CA5^ÓCAT) (alSO CAIgeÓ^AT)). 

(2) To persuade by reasons, 
A1C151111, -ceAtri. 

Argue, v.i., (1) to reason with, 
cA5|AAitn, "5A1|ac and -pvAT) : I 
will a. with them, uAijeojAAT) 

(2) To dispute or wrangle with, 
(a) thiL óum furóce leip ; (b) 
cuij\im AijneAf aj\. 

Arguer, n., one who argues, (1) 
cASAptóip, -ó-[\a, -pi, m.; (2) 
AijneAfAroe, gen. id., pi. -T)te, 

Arguing, n., (1) debating, discus- 
sing in a lively, earnest manner, 
(a) ca5ai|ac, -A|\tA, /. ; (b) 
cAiptrnpc, -e, /. 

(2) Persuading by reasons, (a) 
ÁiceArii, -arh, m. : he was a. 
with him, bí yé A5 ÁiceAin teip 
(also Aifv, M.) ; (b) pcAUrgAT), 
-tngte, m. (Con.), he was a. 
against me, bí fé A5 pcAlugAT) 
1m' AJA1T). 

(3) Wrangling, (a) (i) ciApAit, 

-ÁÍA, /./ (ÍÍ) CAn'l|\Á1i, -áXa, /'. 

(4) 1omAiT) : A5 Ai^neAf iéi 
1 as 10m AT5 téi, disputing and 
a. with her (P. O'L.); (5) there is 
no a. with him, ni't Aon rhAiteAp 


( 9? ) 


*ouic (also ni't tnAic 'óuic) beic 
a$ CAinnt (nó A5 AijneAf) teir. 
Argument, n., (1) reasoning, (a) 
AnA^omc, -e, /. (M.), AnAsuwc, 
AnAsóineAcc, -a, /. : te bni$ a^a- 
^ómce, by force of a. ; (b) p-Aft^r , 
-Air, m.; (c) néAfúncAcu, -a, /. 

(2) Controversy, discussion, 
(a) cAgnA'ó, -gAnúA, m.; (b) 
T>íorpóineAcu, -a, /.; (c) conn- 
rpóvo, -e, -i, /. 

(3) Dispute, AijneAf, -mr, m. 
(cf. Gr. aywwa, contest) : the 
dispute between Death and the 
sinner, AijneAf au peACAi^ Leir 
An mt)Áf (U. 5-)- 

Argumentative, a., given to argu- 
ment, characterized by argu- 
ment, (1) AjvAgómceAC, -cije ; (2) 
uAgfiAc (nó CA5A|\tAc), -Aij;e ; (3) 
Ai^neApAc, -Ai$e ; (4) "Qiorpoin- 
eAó, -nit;e ; (5) connr póroeAc, 

Argumentator. See Arguer. 

Arid, a., parched with heat, dry, (1) 
Antif\mi ; (2) Loirgce, ind. 

Aridity * n '' dr y ness ' 4naqfvin- 

Aridness, C ^c, -a, / • uiotMnlAc, 
) A15, m. (Or.). 

Aright, ad., rightly, correctly, (1) 
50 T)i|AeAc ; (2) 50 ceAnc. 

Arise, v'.i., to rise, to spring up, (1) 
eini£;irn, -nje ; (2) reArAirn, -Atn ; 
(3) pneAb at>' f uróe, arise, get up. 

Arising, n. the act of rising or 
springing, up, ein$e, g. id. m. 

Arising, or preceding from, ó, 
prep, and con]. 

Aristocracy, n., the nobles or chief 
persons in a State, (1) ua tiuAirte, 
g. id. /.; (2) pint nA nuAirte ; (3) 
Áfvoptiit, -potA, /. ; (4) rnon- 
ptnl, -potA, /.; (5) eA|\ptAiteAf, 
-tip, m.; (6) nA nuACCAnÁm, m. 
Aristocrat, n., a noble, (1) plAit, 
-At a, m.; (2) o^eAnnA, g. id., 
pi. -Ai, m. 

Aristocratic, ) a., of, pertaining, 
Aristocratical, > to or character- 
istic of the aristocracy, uArAl» 
-Aifte ; -plAiteAttiAit, -mlA. 
Arithmetic, n., the science of 
numbers, (1) nioiiiAineAcc, -a, /.; 

(2) eótAf An ÁineArh (P. O'L.) ; 

(3) eAtA'OA corhAinnfi. 
Arithmetical, a., of or pertaining 

to arithmetic, niorhAineAc. 
Arithmetically, ad., according to 
the principles of arithmetic, 50 
Arithmetician, n., one skilled in 
arithmetic, (1) niorhAine, gen. id.' 
pi. -ni, m.; (2) Áinrheóin, -óná, 
-ní, m. 
Arithmeticon, n., a ball frame, 

vnnineAcÁn, -Ám, m. 
Ark, n., (1) the oblong chest of 
acacia wood in which Moses 
placed the two tables of stone 
containing the Ten Command- 
ments, also called the Ark of 
the Covenant, Ainc, gen. -e, /.; 
Ainc An Coitrgitt (also Ainc au 
Conn Ant a), the Ark of the 
Covenant ; (2) the chestlike 
vessel in which Noah and his 
family were saved from the 
Deluge, Ainc, -e, /. : make thou 
an ark, *oéAn "otnc pém Ainc 
(Gen. 6, 14) ; the length of the 
ark shall be 300 cubits, 1 bpAro 
nA inAince beró cní céAX> cubA'O 
(Gen. 6, 15). 
Arm, n., (1) the limb of the human 
body, or of a monkey, from the 
shoulder to the hand, (a) tÁrh, 
-Anfie, -a, /. (but more generally 
applied to the hand) : cia "o'An 
poiltr mjAt) LÁrh An Ur$eAnnA, to 
whom is the arm of tne Lord 
revealed (Isa. 53, 1), (cf. pó 
lÁtfiAib -j pó 55IACAID nA r\Ari\AT> 
neAmAnb-óA fin, under the arms 
and hands of those immortal 


( 98 ) 


enemies (Ad. Vis., Ir. Glos. 
1008) ; (b) bAic, -e, -eACA, /. ; aj\ 
bAic mo lÁime, on my forearm 
(Or.); (c)bAdA, gen. -rm, dat. -aitw, 
/. (the bent arm, generally the 
left), oi leAtib n-A bAclAirm aici ; 
she had a baby on her arm ; beix) 
*oo cof ajv x>o bAclAirm A5AC (fig.), 
meaning if you keep that pace 
you will be a beggar and have 
to pretend to be a cripple ; (d) 
bf\Ac, -aic, m., from which 
cotfif-Ac (coifiDfiAc) is said (O'B.) 
to be derived ; (e) arm from 
wrist to elbow, jMje, g. id., pi. 
-jte and -gceACA, /. : an arm 
or cubit in length, cnÁim ru$ e > 
/.; a fractured arm, 511 aIa Df\ir re 
(p. t.) ; a dislocated arm, 511 aIa 
Af Ale (p. 1.). ; also Af Aic 

(2) Anything resembling an 
arm, as (a) 5^5, -éije, -a, /., 
the branch of a tree and fig. 
applied to the human hand : 
-fuig-df Am 5e.A5.diD A|\ fuin mo 
cfioróe, I took my love in my 
arms (Hard. I. 308) ; dim. 
5éA5Án, -aw, m. (also used fig.) : 
she's the arm of the women, 
th' allurement of men, f í 5éA5Áti 
nA mb^n i, if b|\éA5Án r\A DpeAf\ 
í (Carolan, Hard. I., p. 16) ; (b) 
-P51ACÁT1, -Am, m., a wing (also 
applied fig. to the human arm) ; 
(c) arm of the sea, (i) 5AbAi, 
-Aible, -DIa, /. (also mtnj\5ADAl); 
(ii) mui|\5éA5, -else, -a, /.; (iii) 
in Clare, 5ADA5, -A15, -a, m. =5Á5 
(Din.) ; (iv) bléAti, -éwe, pi. 
-éincí (also -ujiaca, Con., and 
-caca, 17. iCer., /.) ; (v) blém, 
-e, -ci, /. 

(3) A weapon, (a) sing., Ajun, 
g. Aimn, pi. id. m. (O'Beg.) ; (b) 
pi. (i) firearms, Aij\m ceme, m. ; 
(ii) Ai|\m £AobAif\, edged weapons; 

(iii) aijwi lAufice, guns, pistols, 

Arm, v.t., (1) Amntnpm, -U5AT) : 
T)'Afmtii5 -pé a fei|Abifi5 (Gen. 
14, 14) ; (2) fig. to prepare for 
resistance morally, AmriAim, -at>: 
cuif\ro An -pmtiAineAT) céAWiA 
u-a A|\m lomtnb, be you armed 
with the same thought (1 Pet. 
4, 1). 

Armada, n., a fleet of armed ships, 
(1) CAbtAc, -A15, m: : the Spanish 
Armada, ah caDIac SpÁmneAC 
(O'Beg.) ; (2) lumseAf-, -51]% m. 

Armament, n., forces equipped for 
war, AfmiACc, -a, f. 

Arm-chair, n., a chair with sup- 
ports for the arms, (1) cacaoija 
f ocaij\ ; (2) cacaoi|\ mlleAnn ; (3) 

CACAOIfA OACtAntl, /.; (4) CAtA01f\ 

fólÁf, /. (U.). 

Armed, a., furnished with weapons, 
(1) A|\mtA, ind.; (2) 5léAfCA, 
ind.; (3) AfitnÁiuA, ind. 

Armful, n., as much as can be 
carried in the arms, (1) 5AbÁil, 
-áIa, /.; (2) lÁn bActAnn ; (3) 
bAflAó, -A15, -Aige, m. ; (4) 
t>Acó5, /. (Con.) ; (5) or*5lÁn, m. 
(Or.) ; (6) uccac, -A15, m. (Or.) 

Armhole, n., the armpit, poll tia 


Arming, n., furnishing or taking 
arms, (1) ajwiáiI, -áIa, /. ; (2) 
A5 AfmAt). 

Armistice, n., a truce, (1) ov-Aiy 
(also pof ax) and for-AT>) compAic, 
m. ; (2) fCAotiAX) comj\Aic, m. 

Armorial, a., belonging to armour, 
fUAiteAncAc, -Aijje. 

Armory, n., a place where arms 
are deposited for safe-keeping, 
(1) AjmilArm, -lAinne, -a, /.; (2) 
A|\móA, g. id. f. 

Armour, n., defensive covering 
used in battle, (1) ajwi, g. and 
pi. Aij\m, m. : let us put on the 


( 99 ) 


a. of light, cuiftimvo ojAAinn ajwi 
An cpoUnp ; (2) AfunÁH,, -áUj, 
/.; (3) éroe, g. id. m. (éroeAt), 
Don.) cf. Gr. €?8o , shape, figure : 
é pém T)o gAbÁit a n-éroe caca, 
to gird himself in battle armour 
(Oss. IV. 114, 1. 23) ; (4) cAtéro- 
eAt), -T>ro, m.; (5) cAitbeif\c, -e, 
/.; (6) éroeAC, -'015, m.; (7) 
c|\eAttAiri, -Anti, m.; (8) f AitbeAfv- 
cac, m. 

Armour for the legs, n., Uufv^beAfvu, 
-beijure, /. 

Armour for the thighs, teipbeAfvc, 
-ei|\ce, /. 

Armour-bearer, n., one who carries 
the armour of another, (1) 
A|Atri5iottA, m.; (2) 510IXA Ai|\m, 
m.; (3) fAilbeAficAc, m. 

Armoured, a., furnished with ar- 
mour, €f\eAUArhAC ; -Aije. 

Armourer, n., maker of armour, (1) 
A|vmAi|\e, g. id., pi. -|\i, m.; (2) 
AifunceÁfVO, -céijvo, m. 

Armoury. See Armory. 

Arm-piece (in a garment), opglÁn 
(== Af5AtlÁn), -Áin, m. 

Armpit, n., the axilla, (1) AfgAitt, 
-e, /.; (2) pott tiA tiAfgAitle 

(V- u. 

Jrms (/££ to bear), (1) lonAifon ; (2) 
in heraldry, Af\mó-p, -Aif, m.; no 
fUAiceAticAf., -Aif, m. 

Army, n., a body of men armed 
for war, (1) Afun, g. Ai|\m, pi. id., 
and AfunA, m. : to enlist or go 
into the army, -out f An Ajmi ; 

(2) ftuAj, -A15, pi. -Aijce, m. ; 

(3) A^mÁit, -ÁtA, /.; (4) ucc, 
-a, /'., van of an army. 

Army and Navy, -ptuAg ci|\e *j 

fUiA§ CAbtAij ; flying column, 

fttiAj pe&tA. 
Aroma, n., flavour, -oedjbAtAt), 

-Ait), m. 
Aromatic, a., fragrant, (1) T>e&s- 

bAtAt)Ac, -Ai£e ; (2) cmri|\A, ind. 

Arose, past tense of arise, -o'eifuj 
fcoijvm, a storm arose. 

Around, ad., on every side, 
omceAU, ; mó|\cimóeAtt ; niójvo- 
cimceAtt ; niA5CtiAij\c. 

Around, prep., on all sides, about, 

(1) cimceAtX : 1m rmiceAtt a. 
me ; a. the cemetery, omceAix 
nA t^eii^e ; (2) -pÁ : a. her neck, 
pÁ n-A mmnéAt; (3) im, um, prep, 
prons. tiniAm, umAC, turne (tnmif , 
U.), m., wipe (tntnpe); cf. a 
blessing on patron Brigid with 
Ireland's virgins a. her, beAnnAcc 
Afi eAftAtri t)|\i5ix) 50 n -05 aid 
n6ij\eAnn mipe (Colmarís Hymn 
Ir. Gl. 955) ; umAinn, tmiAiti 
nmpA or iompA, a. me, yon 

Arouse, v.t., (1) to stir or put in 
motion or excite to action, (a) 
bfvofctnjmi, -ujAt) ; (b) tof\op- 
nAim, -At) (P. L. ) ; (e) bio^Ann, 
-Ai3 ; (d) bfxo'adim, -At> ; (e) 
fp|\eA5Aim, -At). 

(2) To arouse from sleep, (a) 
T)úiri5im, -reAcc and -oúr-^&i) ; 
(b) mtifgtAim, -At> and -5A1LC. 

Arousing, n., the act of putting in 
motion, bpofcujAt), -injce, m. 

Arow, ad., in a row, line or rank, 
A|\ péifvpe. 

Arquebus, n., a sort of hand-gun 
which preceded the musket, 
gtinnA caoL, gunnA glAice ; CAi|\bin 
*oo cfvoccA|\ te Cfuof (0' Beg.). 

Arraign, v.t., to call a prisoner 
before a court to answer an 
indictment, (1) éitijim, -iuja-o, 
-leArii and -$e ; (2) coi|\igim, 

Arraigned, a., called to answer an 
indictment, (1) coifugce, ind.; 

(2) éiUjte. 

Arraignment, n., the act of ar- 
raigning, (1) éiteAfh, -Lirr», ra.; 
(2) coifiu^At), ijte, m. 


( 100 ) 


Arrange, v.t, (1) to put in order, 

(a) cóirvigim, -iugAT), c. av\ teA- 
bAró, I. a. or dress the bed ; 

(b) ctnjum 1 n-eA5Afv ; (c) ojyo- 
urgim, -ugA*o (cf. L. ordino) ; (d) 
^eAr-urgim, -ugAft (to make neat); 
(e) r-fvAturgim, -ugAii) (in rows) ; 
(/) furórgim, -lugAti) (to plant) ; 
(g) cuimm 1 "ocott a ceile (in 
sequence) ; (h) cuimm 1 *ocóin 
a céile (in sequence) ; (i) coufi- 
r:rgim, -prge (lit. weave together); 
(j) cuimm 1 "ocfveó : everything 
arranged in order, 5AÓ nró curvtA 
1 T)Cf eó ; (k) cuift f é perp ce LAe 
*] btiA*óuA a\\ a foiteAó, he 
arranged his ship for a year 
and a day. 

(2) Adjust, settle, prepare, 
determine, (a) adjust or settle, 
rvérócrgnn, -ce^c : it was ar- 
ranged to establish a class, 
rveitbogeAT) le fvAU5 a Cur* Aft 
bun ; (b) settle, f ocfuugim, -1154*0, 
(c) prepare, inneAtLAun, v.n. irm- 
eAit ; (d) determine, ceApAim. 

Arranged, a., adjusted, settled, pre- 
pared, determined, (1) rvéi'ócigte; 
(2) omourgte ; (3) cóimgte ; (4) 
ceAptA ; (5) ceApurgte (M.), 
mueALuA ; (6) mAncA, arranged 
or marked out ; (7) cónfi- 
eA$ArvtA. See Arrange. 

Arrangement, n. 9 (1) putting in 
order, (a) cóimugAt), -rgte, m.; 
(b) ó-fVougA'ó, -urgte, m.; (c) 
ójvo, g. uijvo, pi. id. m. (cf. L. 
ordo, arrangement, order ; W, 
urdd) ; (d) -oeAr-ugA-ó, -tugte, 
m.; (e) eA^A^, -Air*, m.; (/) 
01rve.A5.Arv, -Aifv, m. 

(2) Adjustment. rvéi*óceAcc, -a, 
/.; (b) settlement, r-ocftugAT), 
-tugte, m.; (c) preparation, irm- 
e-Att, -mtt, m.; (d) determina- 
tion, ceApA'ó, -ptA and -purgte, 

m.; (e) planting, r-uróiugAt), 
-•óigte, m.; (/) metrical, Aijtr-e 

Arrangements or provisions for a 
wake, cotf>5Arv, -Aif, m. 

Arranger, n., one who arranges, 
eA5Afvtóifv, -ófvA, -|\í, m. See 

Arranging, n., the act of adjusting, 
settling, preparing or determin- 
ing, (1) rvéróceAó, -05, -urge, m.; 
(2) ofv^ougAt), -tugte, m.; (3) 
corvtigAt), -tugte, m.; (4) -poc- 
fvtigAt), -tugte, m. (B.LL. I. 

Arrant, a., notoriously or pre- 
eminently bad, (1) shameless, 
(a) miouAifveAc, -fvrge : an a 
strumpet, meimorveAo míouÁirveAc 
(M.) ; (b) iníctú-óAó, -Aige ; (c) 
míonófAó, -Aige : an a. dunce, 
ftobAi|\e míouófAó (M.). 

(2) Bad in a high degree, 
•peite= -peAtt with an epenthetic 
vowel : -peitebiteATímAc, an a. 
thief ; -peitebrvéA5Aó, an a. liar. 

(3) Corrupt, (a) cuimpteAc, 
-trge ; (b) cUvóAijte cuimpteAó, 
an a. knave. 

Arras, n., tapestry, -pigeAóÁu, -Am, 

Array, n., disposition in regular 

lines, (1) mneAtt, -mlt, m.; (2) 

ójvougAt), -uigte, m.; (3) coufi- 

eA5A-p, -Ai|t, m. 
Array, v.t, to place or dispose in 

order, (1) ó}Touigim, -ugAt> ; (2) 

luueAttAim, -Att. 
Arrears, n., that which remains 

unpaid, (1) rviA|\Áifce, gen. id. 

m. (ftu5fvAif ce, Don.) ; (2) lAruvgA,. 

g. id. m. : ir* CAot 05 ua niA|\A5A, 

it is slyly the a. gather (Or. prov.y, 

a. of rent, (a) jviAfvAif ce cior* a ; (b) 

cúitcíof, -a, m. ; he fell into a., 
*oo tuic f é a^ *oeirveA*ó (also cum 



( 101 ) 


Arrest, v.t., (1) to take, seize or 
apprehend, (a) to take, CÓ5A11T1, 
v.n. có^Áit ; (b) seize, 5AbAim 
aj\, v.n. 5At)Ait ; (c) apprehend, 
beijMm aj\, v.n. bj\eit, /^í béAnpA-o: 
you can a. a thief but not the 
liar's tongue, C15 teAC bpeit ajv 
biceAirmAc acc ni tig teAC t»|\eic 
A|\ re-AngAro An >ouine bjvéASAij;. 
(2) To stop, check or hinder, 
(a) stop, rcAt)Aim, v.n. fCAT) 
(c/. L. stat, stands) ; (b) check, 
cof5Aim, v.n. cofg ; (c) hinder, 
bACAirn, v.n. bAe ; (d) oobAim, 


Arrested, á., (1) jAbtA (also gAibte), 

(2) C05CA ; (3) bei|Ate aj\. 
Arresting, n. the act of seizing or 

apprehending by legal authority, 
(1) gAb Ait, -AlA, /.; (2) C05Á1L. 
-áIa, /.; (3) cógAmc, -e, /.; (4) 
có5Áitc, -e, /. : uógAitc t)o cuf\ 
Aifi, to get him arrested (P. 
O'L.), also é T)'fA5ÁiL ^AbcA. 

Arrival, n., the act of reaching a 
place, ceAcc, m., ind. 

Arrive, v.i. (1) to reach by water 
or land, 051m, v.n. ceAcc ; 
f|\oicim, -emu ; ffioifim, -fine. 

(2) To attain an object, (a) 
fMjitn, v.n. |\iAccAim ; rvoicnn, 
v.n. f\occAin. 

Arrived, a., having come, fvÁinrg, 
■pÁti5A > OA|A, they arrived. 

Arriving, n., the act of reaching 
a place, A5 ceAcc. 

Arrogance, n., the pride which in- 
volves exorbitant claims to rank 
or power, (1) TriomAr , -Aif. m. : 
SeA^Án au TriomAif , Shane O'Neill 
the haughty or arrogant ; (2) 
buif\be, g. id. f. : better gentle- 
ness than great a., if peAff 
tníne nÁ btnfbe tfióf (Or. prov.) ; 

(3) boff AóAf , -Aif , m. ; 5óic,-e, /. 
(Or.), hauteur; (4) ínófvoÁtAcc, 
-a, /. (proud contempt of others) ; 

(5) mufCAf\, -Aift, m.; fCfÁic, -e, 
f.(Or.); (boastful presumption): 

(6) boiceAtt, -olt, m.; (7) focAt, 
-Ait, m., also f o^At (f acaI, Don.) ; 
nAc fmne An ctAnn tfieAbtAc, 

CfAOfAC, tJAlb|\eAC, fOCAtAC, "ÓÍO- 

rhAom, tubAif ceAc, are we not the 
deceitful, gluttonous, proud, ar- 
rogant, lazy unfortunate chil- 
dren (P. L., p. 451) ; (8) cófCAt, 
-Ait, m. (also coiceAf uAt) ; (9) 
uAittrhiAn, -in éwe, /. (boastful 
conceit) ; (10) tiAibfeAcc, -a, /. 
(also AnuAbAfv, -Aif, m., bAot- 
iiAbA|\, -Aif , m.) ; (11) teiteAT)Af , 
-Aif , m. (self-assertive conceit) ; 
(12) mibriAjuip , -tup , m. (assump- 
tion) ; (13) b|AóT)AnitAcc, -a, /. 
(saucy insolence) ; (14) ceAnn- 
ÁfvoAcc, -a, /. (lordliness) ; (15) 
pofCÁt, -Ait, m. (Aran) ; (16) 
mófvcAr, -Aif, m. (Or.). 
Arrogant, a., haughty, assuming, 
conceited, presumptuous, (1) 
bAotttAibf\eAc, -fije ; (2) au- 
tiAibpeAc, -fige ; (3) AibéAf ac, 
-Aige ; (4) boiceAttt)A, ind.; (5) 
Triomr ac, -Aije ; (6) wofoAtAc, 
-Aije ; (7) focAtAó, -Aije ; (8) 
cófCAtAó, -Aije ; (9) iiAittrhiAnAC, 
-Aije ; (10) ceAnnÁjVOAó, -Aige ; 
(11) b|AóT)AítiAit, -rhtA ; (12) teic- 
eAT)Ac ; (13) uAttAc, -Aige ; (14) 
mófCAfAc, -Aije; (15) fCfÁice- 
ArhAit, -rhtA. 
Arrogantly, ad., in an arrogant 

manner, 50 bAotuAibfeAc, etc. 
Arrogate, v.t., to make undue 
claims throu, f>>v > pride, vanity 
or presumption : he arrogates 
too much to himself, gtACAnn 
(nó cógAnn) fé lomAfCA (nó 
An 10m AX)) Airv pern. 
Arrow, n., a missile weapon to 
be shot from a bow, (1) r- AigeAT), 
g. --oe, in", id. f. (cf. L. sagitta), 
also m., gen. and pi. -51T) : as 


( 102 ) 


straight as an arrow, corn TnpeAc 
te fAijeAT) ; bpeo-fArgro, fiery 
arrow (Wi.) ; (2) mAroe cmtt 
(N: Con.) ; (3) saC, gen. id., pi. 
5^ete, m.; (4) jAitteAn, m.; (5) 
5Amne, g. id. /.; (6) pgioc, -a, 
-Ann a, m.; (7) psiotÁn, -Ám, m.; 
(8) cteicín, m. 

Arrow-grass, n. (£?o£., triglochin 
palustre), bÁpp An riiiUxi$ (Ho- 

Arrow-head, n., pmn pAptp'oe. 

Arrowy, a., swift, darting, piercing, 
(1) f Aij^oeAc, --oije ; (2) pAij- 
T)eAtriAit, -tiitA. 

Arsenal, n., a public establishment 
for the storage of arms and 
ammunition, (1) Aipmcipce, gen. 
id., pi. -ci ; (2) A|\mtAnn, -Ainne, 

-A, /. 

Arsenic, n., a mineral poison, (1) 
AppnAig, -e, /.; (2) ApgAttAm, 
-Airh, m. (Ir. Mat. Med.). 

Arsmart, n. Bot., polygonum avi- 
culare or knot grass), contopsAC 
[this word accurately describes 
the effect of sitting on the weed, 
as I know from youthful expe- 
rience] ; (spotted) jtúmeAc móp; 
5. btn-óe 1 5. T>eAf\5 (Hogan). 

Arson, n., a malicious burning, 
TxjgAt) rriAitifeAc. 

Art, n., (1) science or systematized 
knowledge, (a) eAlAtM, --óAn, 
-•ónA, /. (O' Beg.) : the arts of 
peace, eAtA > ónA ua píotcÁnA ; 
mechanic arts, eÁlA*oriA cuau- 
ArhtA ; master of arts, mAigipap 
eAlA'ónA ; a thing done with art, 
nit> *oo "óemeAt) te beAtAT)Ain ; the 
black art, An eAtA-óA >óub ; (b) 
T)Án, gen. -Ám and -av\a, pi. -av\a 
and -ÁncA, m. : x>Ár\ r\A gpAmAT)- 
Aije, the art of grammar ; >oÁn 
ua ticproeAccA, the art of litera- 
ture (N.). 

(2) The systematic application 

of knowledge for practical pur- 
poses, as in various trades, 
ceÁfVo, -éifroe, pi. id. /.: e-ApbAm 
(eAfbAró, Con. and U.) mÁtAip 
nAjceÁpT), necessity, the mother 
of the arts. 

(3) Cunning, artifice, craft, 
adroitness, (a) ^tiocAp, -Aip, m. : 
if peApp jtiocAf nÁ neApc, art 
is better than strength ; (b) 
pen Aim, -Am a, /. : if rniAn tiom 
cpÁccAt) A|\ 5AÓ nix) te -pen Aim, 
I like to speak of each thing 
with art .1. sensibly (Carolan, 
Hard. I. 246). 

Artemisia, n. (Bot., artemisia vu - 
garis), buApAttAn tiAt, m.; tiAt- 
tup , m. 

Arterial, a., of or pertaining to an 
artery, (1) cmpteAc, -tije ; (2) 
-péiteAó, -tige : a bAineAp terp 
ua péiteACAib. 

Artery, n. (Med.), one of the tubes 
which carry the blood from the 
heart, (1) péit, -e, pi. -eAnnA 
and -eACA, /.; (2) the radiai 
artery, péit vía nop*oói3e Cp. t.) ; 
(3) péicteAó, -tije, -a, /.; (4) 
empte, -te<mn dat. -tmn, p . 
-teAnnA, /. ; (5) empte móp ; 
(6) tntAc, -A15, m. (p. t.) ; (7> 
empte x\a beAtA. 

Artful, a., dexterous, skilful, (1) 
5tic, -e ; (2) poiAnvoA, ind.; (3) 
ptrgceAc. -ti$e ; (4) 5AbA*oAc r 

Artful dodger, (1) cneAmAipe, gen. 
id., pi. -pi, in.; (2) 510U.A ha 
gcop, m.; (3) Aipceóip, -ó^a, -pi,, 
w.; (4) 5ptiA5Aó, -A15, in. (Or.). 

Artfully, ad., in an artful manner 
50 j;tic ; 30 pcnAnvoA. 

Artful man, cteApui > oe, m. 

Artfulness, n., cunning, craft. 5U0C- 
Ay, -Aip, in. 

Arthrisis, n. (Med.), gout, ^AtAp 
nA n-Atc, m. 


( 103 ) 


Arthritic, a., gouty, AtcAtfiAit, -riitA 
[aIxa, Sc.]. 

Artichoke, s. (Bot., cynara scoly- 
mus), a plant the head of which 
is used as an article of food, 
btiofÁn, m.; pAfuir-cój;, /. 

Article, s., (1) a distinct part of 
portion of a thing, such as an 
instrument, a discourse, writing, 
etc., (a) aIx, g. and pi. Aitc, m. : 
btmAitc ah cr\eroirh, the chief 
articles of faith (Donl., p. 12 ; 
he also gives Air^iogAt in a foot- 
note on the same page) ; (b) 
bAtt, g. and pi. bAitt, m. : bAtt 
éAOAÍg, article of dress (c/. Gr. 
0aÁAós, V bhel, swell, Mae Bain). 

(2) Article or condition in an 
agreement or compact, (a) com- 
geAtt, -$itt, m, : to surrender 
upon articles, *oo tAbAif\c r-uAf 
Afi eomjitt ; T)o géitteAT) ajv 
coirrgitt ; (b) *o\\e&cz, -&, m. 

(3) (Gram.), (a) Atu, #. and pZ. 
Aitc, m. : if tníf X)'Áp 5CAinnc 
An u-Atc, the article is a part of 
our speech (T. C). 

(4) Article of merchandise, 
furniture, etc., e&j\\\&*ú, -ato, 
-Avóe, m. (also eArvfiA, -t>, -it), /.). 

Article, v.L, to bind by articles, 

to apprentice, ceAnjtAim aj\ 

Articled, p. a., bound by articles, 

apprenticed, ceAn^Aitce &\\ 

Articulate, v.t.,, to give utterance 

to, tAb|\Aitn, -bAi|\u ; ^utuijim, 

-HJA'Ó. . 

Articulate, a., spoken so as to be 

intelligible, (1) ^utArhAit, -rhtA ; 

(2) ptunceAtiiAit, -rhtA; (3) ponne- 

ArhAit, -rhtA. 
Articulately, ad., in an articulate 

manner, 50 -póifveAtfiA-it. 
Articulate, n., (1) an articulate 

utterance, ^iitvi^Af), -ui^ce, m.; 

(2) putting together with joints, 
AtuceAr^At, -Ait, m. 

Artifice, n., a crafty device, an 
artful trick, (1) gtiocAf , -Ai-p, m.; 
(2) piontrpA, g. id., pL— aí, m.; (3) 
$Afcó5, /.; (4) cAtn, -Aim, m. ; 
(5) 5;a£>at), -Arc, m.; (6) cneArh- 
Aif\eAóc, /.; (7) cteAf, $. ctif, 
and -a, pi. id. m. 

Artificer, n., one who makes with 
skill, (1) ceÁfTOuróe, g. id., pi. 
-*óte, m. {M l C.) ; (2) ceÁjVo, 
-éijvo, -a, m. : CeÁjVo da Cf\uinne, 
Creator or Artificer of the Uni- 
verse ; (3) fAor\, -óif\, m.; (4) 
eAtAt)Ancóir\, -óf\A, -j\í, m. (M'C); 
(5) -peA|\ céijvoe. 

Artificial, a., made or contrived by 
art, (1) eAtAtmcA ; (2) lÁitfi- 
"óéAncA ; (3) tac^ac, -Ai$e ; (4) 

CACAIfl, -e. 

Artificially, arL, by art or skill and 

not by nature, 50 neAtA-oncA. 
Artificialness,) n., the quality of 
Artificiality, ) being artificial, 

eAtAt)nCACC, -a, /. 

Artillery, n., (1) cannon, great guns; 

cannon, gtmnATOe mófiA ; ojvoon- 

Áf, -Aif , m. 

(2) The men and officers, tucc 

Artisan, w., one trained to manual 

dexterity in some trade, (1) f ao^ , 

-01JV, m. : f ao|\ ctoice, a mason ) 

(2) tÁirhceÁjvoui'óe, #. id., pi. 
Artisan skilled in many trades, 

itceÁjTOAc, -A15, m. 
Artist, n., one skilled in an art 

such as a painter, sculptor, 

musician, singer, etc., (1) eutb, 

m.; (2) Aifcroe, g. id., pi. -t>tc. 

m.; (3) eAtAt)nAc, -A15, m. (P. S.), 

(4) coll., AOf céijvoe. 
Artistic, a., showing taste or skill 

(1) 5|\mn, -e; (2) eAtA*óAncA. 
Artless, a., free from guile, craft 


( 104 ) 


or stratagem ; simple and sincere, 
(1) fimptróe ; (2) teAnbAó, -Aij;e; 
(3) leAnftAvoe, ind.; (4) mAot, 

Artlessly, ad., unaffectedly, 50 

Artlessness, n., simplicity, mmptró- 

Arundinaceous, a., resembling the 
reed, giotcACAriiAit, -tfitA. 

Arundineous, «., abounding with 
reeds, reedy, jAwneAc, -urge. 

As, ad. and cony'., (1) an equality or 
likeness in kind, proportion, 
extent, degree, manner or com- 
parison, (a) in manner, (i) mA-n : 
do that as if there was fire on 
your skin, >oéAn fin mAn a beAX) 
ceme aj\ *oo CpoiceAnn (£/. prov., 
H. M. 660) ; he is as he is 
and he is not faultless, cá ye 
mAf\ cÁ fé •] CAn pint -pé (-] 
nío|\ pÁf fé) 5AÍI tocc (Or. 
prov.) ; as you ought to do, 
triA|\ if cói|\ mnc a t)éAriAni 
(M.) ; as you please, mAn if 
coit teAc ; mAn if mi an teAc ; 
tnA|\ if AH teAc ; (ii) 1 mot) ; (iii) 
pÁ uó pé inA|\ ; (iv) t>o néin *oo 
totA, as you please ; (v) do 
as you please, T)éAn "oo nojA 
juro ; (b) equality of comparison 
is expressed, (i) by corn with te : 
as cunning as a fox, com gtic 
te m&T)AX) fuiAT) no rionnAc ; 
I am as good a man as you, 
€Áitn cotii 111A1Ú x)'feA|\ teAc-f a ; 
as coarse as, corn 5Aj\b te ; 
as black as a beetle, com *oub 
te T)Aot ; as hard as iron, Com 
c|\uaix) te tiiAj\Ann ; com nAjvo te 
cnoc, as high as a mountain ; 
com cmnce teif av\ mbÁf, as 
certain as death ; com $eAt te 
f neAccA, as white as snow ; com 
pn ÁitmeAó te mxVOA-ó A5 bAinf eip , 
as busy as a dog at a wedding 

(Or); meAf mé^Ac uAin Com i?at>& 
tebtiAt)Airi, I deemed every hour 
as long as a year ; (ii) by com 
with if , no Ajuf , when there is 
a verb in the second part of the 
expression : as sure as you live, 
com T>eimin (nó cmnce) if cá cú 
beó (nó A^tm if beó cú) ; cá t>o 
ÚijeA-nnA com tÁi*oin Anoif A^uf 
bí An tÁ tug f é 1ónAf Af tÁn An 
éif5 teif (Or. song) ; you are 
telling lies as fast as you can, 
cÁ cú A5 Anftuje bnéAg com 
ciu$ ce 1 C15 teAc (Or.) ; (iii) 
by Aj\ : cá "oo DéAt Af\ blAf An 
c-fiúCAine (also c-riúcnA), your 
mouth is as sweet as sugar ; (c) 
like, similar to, (i) mAn : biot) f é 
mAn acá f é 1 UnÁij-tí mA|\ bp mt 
f é, let him be as he is and Tralee 
as, or where, it is ; (ii) AtfiAit : as 
a wave on the shore, AriiAit conn 
A|\ cnÁij ; I treated him as a 
brother, *oo "óemeAf (nwneAf) 
teif Am Ait *oeA|\bfvÁtAi|\ ; as 
thou hast given power, AtfiAit if 
"oo tug cú curhAccA (John 17, 
2) ; as if there were only, AriiAit 
1 uac -pAilD Ann acc ; Aril Alt 
Ajuf mA|\ (Or.) ; (iii) peib mAn 
(pron. -p é, but not always) : 
as you concealed yesterday 
that the horse fell, peib mA|\ 
a ceitif woé gun tine An 
cApAtt ; (iv) -oo nein (mAn), 
néin man (U.) : as is the begin- 
ning so is the end, cá An cnioc 
T)o néin au oonnrjnAirh ; (v) 
you are as like him as can be, 
cÁ cu corii cof riiAit teif ~\ if péroin 
a oeit ; (vi) in the manner in 
which, A|A : as the people are 
situated, a\\ au 5CA01 a bpvnt 
ha "OAome. 

(2) Likeness in character or 
condition, mAn ; bi cuAitte 
Cmtmn 'n-A tÁirii mAjv fteij, 


( 105 ) 


he had a holly staff in his hand 
as (in the character of) a spear ; 
rt\A\\ mnAoi,. as (or in the con- 
dition of) a wife ; as he was 
before, mAf a tM pé ceAnA. 

(3) when, while, during or at 
the time that, if, Ajuf, (a) An 
-pAro if beó mé, as long as 
(while) I live, mnne pé An ?éA\\, 
pAit) if bi An gtuAn tuAp, he 
made the hay while the sun 
w y as up (U. prov., H. M. 658b) ; 
cá mtniAn An ciot a^uv An SfiAn 
1 n-Áitvoe (Or); (b) mAn: mAf a 
bí pé A5 pmbAt cÁmi5 p imiAine<vo 
curge, as (when) he was walking 
an idea occurred to him ; (c) aj\ : 
as you come over, Ap teAcc AniA|\ 
*ouic ; (d) aj; : as I was going 
to Deny, a$ "out 50 T)oipe -óom. 

As certain as there is water in 
a pool, com cmnce 1 cá tufje 
1 tinn ; mÁ uA wpge 1 tmn. 

As if, (a) -pém : as if it were, 
péib nó AriiAiL "i "OÁ mt>A ; (b) 
AititAit) Ajtif ; (c) ionAnn .... 
A^ur, the same as if. 

As far as, (a) 50 t>cí ; (b) 50 
tuuge ; (c) 50 tunge ; (d) 50 
Tinge (Or.) ; (e) 50 -ptnte (Or.). 

J.S far as you can see, pAo *oo 


As /ar as he, corn púT)A teip . 

As far as his part of it ivent, 
wa|\ Leir pém *oe ; Com ^ax>a -j 
CHA1T) a curo-pAn (Don.). 

As fast as, A5 cut\ >oe An tnéro a 
bí 'n-A Cop Airj ; A5 ciifi An bótAif 
*oe a\k a tÁn xncitt. 

As follows, mAt\ teAnAp ; Ann 
po píop (T. C). 

-ás /or, í x>CAorj ; rriAi-oif te ; 
■oÁtA An P5éa ó ciAnAit). 

-ás /or me, "OAtn cAob-pA ; a 
t>caca Uom-pA 'óe (Don.). 

As for thai, niAf pin -oe. 

As long as, (a) com ?a>oa te(ip); 

(b) com pA'OA Agtip ; (c) pAT) if ; 
(d) colloq., as long as she lives, 
An x>Á LÁ (nó An pAi"o) 1 rhAifpit) 
pi (a mAippró pi, Don.). 

As many as, (a) An 01 p eAT* Agup, 
An 01 f eAT) te, An 01 p eA*o eite : 
as many as they are, "oá tíon- 
rhAif e 1AT) ; (b) puAp te : he has 
as many as ten horses, cá puAp 
te T>eic gcApAitt Aije. 

As much as, An méro ; pin : 
nor as much as a stone with 
him, nÁ pin ha ctoice Aije (see 
"As many as ") ; An oifeAt) : 
it is as much as you can do, 'ré 
An oipeAT» ~] 05 teAc a "óéAnAm ; 
'fé *oo ctoc nifc é (tTI. t).). 

As one, mAp Aon. 

As proving, x>Á CotriAptA fm 

As quick as, Com UiAt A$uf, 
t>á ttiAite 1 ^eoOAt) An tiAtpóix) 
f uAf , as quick as the ball would 
go up. 

As regards, *oÁtA, with gen. ; 
mAroif te ; 1 "ocAob. 

As a result of that, x>Á t>eAp5Aib 

As soon as, (a) Com UiAt 
(A^uf nó te), as soon as you, 
com UiAt teAc-f a ; as soon as 
I saw him, com UiAt Aguf 
connAfCAf é ; (b) com "ooic Agtif ; 

(c) I would just as soon be there 
as at home, nion b'peApp tiom 
a beit 'p A P'-Aite (M.). 

As though, (a) mAf 'óeA'ó ; (b) 
iriAf pó- > óeA > ó (Con.). 

As he thought, t>a\k teip : as 
they themselves thought, *oAf 
teó pém ; mA|\ *oo fAoit piAT> 

AS tO, (a) X)0 tAOX), A tAOX) 

(Or.) ; (b) 1 sculp : as to the 
demons and devils, 1 ^cúip nA 
nTDeAtnAn 1 ha nT)iAbAt (P. L.)\ 
(0) "OÁI a (with gen.); (d) mAi-oif te 


( 106 ) 


As well, (a) mAf Aon (M.) ; (b) 
teif : I was there as well, biof 
Ann teif (M.) ; (c) f neirm (Con.); 
(d) mAf ah ^céA'onA ; (e) corn 
mAit (Don.). 

As well as, (a) mAf Aon teif ; 
(b) com mAit te ; (c) corn mAit 


Asarone, n. (Bot., asarum), hazel- 
wort, wild spikenard, AfAifv, -fAC> 

/. (cf. Gr. aa-apov). 

Ascend, i?X, to climb, to mount* 
céi"óim f uAf , v.n. "out r UAf : he 
ascended the ladder, t>o cuAro f é 
f tiAf An •oféimif e ; I will ascend 
the mountain, nACAt) fUAf An 

Ascend, v.i., to mount, to go up, 
céráim f UAf , v.n. "out f UAf : say 
to them I ascend to my father 
and your father, AbAif teó 50 
bpuiUm A5 T>uL r UAf cum m'AtAn 
f ém -J cum buj\ n-AtAn-fA (John 
20, 17) ; who shall ascend into 
the hill of the Lord, cia j\ACAr 
fUAf 1 fUAb An UijeAfvnA (Ps. 
24, 3) ; for no man hath as- 
cended into heaven, óifv ní 
"úeActnj; Aomne fUAf An neArii 
(John 3, 13) ; he that descended 
is the same also that ascended, 
An té *oo cuAró f íof if é An T>ume 
céA*onA *oo cuAro -puAf (Eph. 4, 
10) ; Af^nAim, -Atti ; f neAfSAbAim. 


Ascendable, a., capable of being 
ascended, ro-Afsnurgte. 

Ascendant, a., predominant, sur- 
passing, oincéimneAc, -nrge. 

Ascendancy, n., domination, power, 
(1) céim, -e, -eAnnA, m. : cá 
céim Arge óf mo cionn-fA, he 
has an a. over me ; (2) oif- 
céimnm^A'ó, -rgte, m.; (3) LÁrh- 
tJAócAfv, -Ain, m.; (4) ceAnnfAt, 
-Ait, m.; (5) bofvfvACAf, -Aif , m. 

Ascended, (a) Aguf t>o cuavó ré 
fUAf ó AbfxAm (Gen. 17, 22) ; (b) 
(idiom), he a. the ladder, cuij\ r é 
An T»r\éimine r uAf *oe ; (c) (idiom) 
he went over the hill, cuin re- 
An cnnc Am ac *oe. 

Ascending, n., (1) A5 -out r UAf ; (2) 
Ag ei|\je (f uAf) : and the smoke 
of their torments shall ascend for 
ever and ever, A^uf hem "oeACAc 
a bpeAnuTne A3 eifjje fUAf 50 
fAo^AL ua fAo$At (Rev. 14, 11) ; 
and I saw another angel as- 
cending from the east, Aguf t>o 
connAifc mé AingeAt eite A5 
eifje ó'n aijvo Anoif (Rev. 7, 2). 

Ascension, n., (1) the act of as- 
cending, (a) AfjnArh, -Aim, m.; 
(b) muifUnjeAt), -jte, m. : ní 
f utÁif f óf "oúinn *onéimirve f eAóc- 
óéimneAó x>o beit AjAinn te 
muifUnjeAt) Afv neArh (K. Cbb, 
294, 12). 

(2) Specifically the Ascension 
of Our Lord, (a) T)eAf5AbÁiL 
-ÁtA, /. (McH.), (pron. -oeAfjAt 
in Or.). 

(3) Specifically Ascension into- 
Heaven, ^PfeAf^AbÁit, -áía, /. 

Ascension Thursday, T)iAfroAoin tiA 

T)eAf5AbÁlA (O'B.). 
Ascent, n., (1) upward motion, a 

mounting upward, cufjAbÁit, 

-Át a, /. 

(2) The way or means by 
which one ascends, fUige fUAf. 

(3) A slope or rising grade,. 
Ájvo, g. ÁifvT», pi. id. m. : David 
went up the ascent of Mount 
Olivet, t>o cuavú T)Áibí fUAf te 
nAf-o Stéibe ua n-OtA (2 Sam. 
15, 30) ; an ascent of three 
steps, Áfvo cfí scoifcéim ; steep 
ascent, generally side of a hill, 
teicif, -e, pi. -eACA and teAC- 
■pACA, /. 


( 107 ) 


Ascertain, v.L, to find out or 'earn, 
to get to know, (1) pioftngim , 
-ugAt) ; (2) poffvtiijim, -njAt) ; 
(3) 'oeirrmrgim, -mjA'ó ; (4) pionn- 
A1tn, -a*o. 

Ascertainable, a., that may be 
ascertained, foróeitnnijte ; f 01- 

Ascertained, a., found out for 
certain, *oeAf\btA. 

Ascertainer, n., one who ascer- 
tains, pioffuiroe, g. id., pi. -t>te, 

Ascertaining, n., finding out, as 
*oéAr\Am Am ac. 

Ascertainment, n., reducing to a 
certainty, pojuijAT), -tnjte, m. 

Ascetic, a., rigid in self-denial and 
devotion, -oítfieAbAC, -Aije. 

Ascetic, n., a hermit, a recluse, 
T)itj\eAbAc, -A15, pi., id. m. 

Asceticism, n., the mode of life of 
ascetics, "oitfveAbAcc, -a, f. 

Ascribe, v.t., to attribute or im- 
pute, *oo cuf\ 1 teit. 

Ascribed, a., imputed, cuyvtA 1 

Ascribing, n., the act of imputing, 
A5 cuj\ 1 teit. 

Ash, n. (Bot., fraxinus excelsior), 
a tree of the olive family, 
puirmfeó5, "óige, -a, f. ; rmin, 
-e, -ce, /. 

Ashamed, a., abashed or confused 
by the consciousness of some 
wrong or impropriety, (1) nÁ-i-p- 
eAC, ~tM$e : I am a. of him, 
cÁun nÁijAeAó t>'a tAoib ; they 
were a. to speak it, oi nAi^e 
o\\za pA n-A tAftAij\c ; (2) nÁi]Mjte: 
to be half-ashamed, >oo beit 
teAtnÁipitxe ; ctiif\eAnn pé nÁijve 
ofvtn, he makes me a. ; and they 
were not a., -1 ní jAAib 'nÁi^e 
ofvtA (Ge??. 2, 25) ; (3) ^aic- 
ceAfAó, -Aij;e. 

Ash-coloured, ajv t')ac puinnfeóige. 

Ashen, a., made of or like ash, 
-ptnrmfeojjAc, -Aij;e ; tunnfeArmAc, 

Ashes, n., the earthy or mineral 
particles remaining after com- 
bustion, (1) tUAlt, -UAÚA, f. (M.) : 
ctii|\teA|\ a tuAic te 5A01C, let his 
ashes be thrown to the wind ; 
(2) LuAitjAeAc, -fvrg, -fvije, m.; (3) 
ttiAi t\\eAX), -fit), m. : -péAó Anoif 
T)o jAb mife tAbAi|vc teif An 
UijeAfxriA nAc bptnt lonnAtn aóc 
C|\é "i tuAit|\eAt) (Gen. 18, 27) ; 
(4) UiAitj\eAiiiÁn, -Áin, m. (also 
tuAt-|\AtfiÁn, in.). 

Live ashes, embers, (a) sju'of ac, 
-Aije, /. (Coll.), from O.I. 5|u'r> 
fire, embers ; (b) tuAitj-piof and 

tUAltjfUOfAC, -Ai$e, /. 

Ashes of half-burned straw, 
prmiueÁn, -Áin, m. 
Ash-hole, Ash-pit, n., pott tia 


Ash-tree, n., cf\Ann -ptnnnfeói^e ; 
pumnfe(Ann), uinnfeArm, -rmn, 
m.; -puinnfeó^, -óige, -a, /. 

Ash-tree (mountain), n. (Bot., pyrus 
aucuparia), cAOfvtArm, -Ainn, m.; 
c|\Ann cAO|\tAinn and c-f\Aob cao|\- 
tAinn (cÁ|\tAnn and c|\Ann cÁ-p- 
CAirm M.). 

^4s/i Wednesday, ceAt)Aoin tia tuAiA 
(M.) ; also céA*OAOin An UiAitfuj. 

Ashweed (Bot.). See Aise. 

Ashy, a., of the colour of ashes, 
tuAtAc, -Ai£e ; bÁn-gtAf , -Aif e ; 
ashy-coloured or swarthy girl, 
ftnúf\có5, -óije, -a, /., dim. 
fmúfcóisín, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Ashy, like ashes, tuAitf\eAtfi4it, 

Aside, ad., (1) on one side, out of 
the way, apart, (a 1 teAtcAoib : 
thou shalt set a. that (.1. the 
vessel) which is full, a^uv cuif\p-o 
cu An foiteAó tÁn 1 teAtCAOtb 
(2 Kings 4, 4) ; (b) Ap teit : they 


( 108 ) 


went a. by themselves, ctiA'óA'OAf 
Aj\ teit Leó -péw ; Abraham set 
seven ewe lambs of the flock 
apart by themselves, x>o ótaifv 
Abf AhAm f eAóc n-tiAm bumeAnnA 
*oo'n tféiT) A|\ teic teó fém 
(Gen. 21, 28) ; (c) f á teit, f é teic, 
nó f ó teic : and taking him a. 
from the multitude, Agtif a\\ 
n-A bfeit teif fó teic ó'n pobAt 
(Mark 7, 33) ; (d) ctnf uaic 
nó T)ioc T>o ctócA, lay a. your 
cloak; aj; cuf $;ac tnte tf wme 
•óínn, laying a. every weight 
(Heb. 12, 1); (e) teitfeA'O (O'B.); 
cAitce .Afv teitmge CAitce Af ^n 
bfAf a*ó, nó Af teittij;, thrown a.; 
(/) re ac, feACA, feAóAT). 

(2) Out of one's thoughts, 
•oe, t>íoc, "oinn, etc. : laying a, 
every weight, A5 cuf $ac tnte 
tftnme "óínn (iíeb. 12, 1). 

(3) So as not to be heard by 
others, 1 teAtcAoib : they spoke 
to each other a., t»o tAbAif fiA*o 
le céite 1 teAtcAoib. 

(4) To put aside, to postpone, 

*DO Ctlf Af\ 5CÚI. 

Aside, n., feAc-lAbAifc, -oa^ca, /. 
A calling aside, feACjAiftn, 
-jAfmA, /. ; cotfifÁt) "oo-jm 
T>inne teif rem. Apt to speak 
aside or apart, feActAbAftA. 

Ask, (1) to request, petition, 
solicit, to seek to obtain by 
words, lAffAim, -jvavó. In 
English Ask is often followed 
by of or from and in Irish by 
aja, fut. -lA^fvpAT) : ask counsel 
of God, iAff corhAifte A|\ *Óia 
(Judg. 18, 5). 

(2) To require, demand, claim 
or expect, lAffAim, -Am, with 
Af : for unto whomsoever much 
is given, of him much shall be 
asked, óif 51*0 bé *o'Af c 11^*0 
mófÁn iAffpin > úteAf mófÁn Aif 

(Luke 12, 48) ; ask me never 
so much dowry and gifts and 
I will give according as ye 
shall say unto me, ni bruit, 
T)'a méro CfóT) nó oo'ótAiceAt) 
lAfffin'úe ofm uac "ocmbfA mé 

tlAim T>0 fVél^A TUAf AT)éAftA01 

Horn (Gen. 34, 12). 

Ask him in, AbAif teif ceAcc 
ifceAc; cAbAif *oó ciufeAT) irceAC 

(3) To question, interrogate, 
make an inquiry, riAffui£im, 
-§e, fut. fiAffóCAT», sometimes 
followed by *oe : the people of 
the place asked him, T)'fiArftH5- 
eA'OAfv "OAoine ua uÁice *oe (Gen. 
26, 7) ; I will ask you about 
everything that appertains to it, 

flAffÓCAT) T)ÍOC £AC nró bAmeAf 

teif (P. L.) ; he is of age, ask 
himself, acá Aoif Aige, f iAf f tnjrú 
-óe fém (John 9, 21). 

But let me ask you a question, 
acc ceif c AjjAm of c. 

Ask, v.i., (1) to request or petition, 
lAffAim, -Am : ask and it shall 
be given you, lAffAix) Ajjiif x>o 
X)éA\ytAi(y 'óAoib (Mat . 7, 7). 

(2) To make inquiry, fiA- 
ff 11151m, -ge : wherefore is it 
that thou dost ask after my 
name, cféAT) fÁc fÁ briAfftuj- 
eAnn cú m'Amm (Gen. 32, 29). 

Asked, a., (1) solicited, lAfftA ; (2) 
questioned, riAfftnjte. 

Asker, n., (1) an inquirer, fiAffing- 
teóif, -óf a, -fí, m.; (2) a peti- 
tioner, 1AffCÓ1f, -Ó^A, -fí, m. 

Askew, a. and ad., awry, (1) A\y 
f^eAtti ; (2) a\\ f uAon ; (3) a\\ 
teAt-uAoib ; (4) concfÁtcA (Ker.), 
concfÁitce (U.) ; (5) fiAffgeó. 

Asking, n., (1) the act of requesting, 
lAff ait), -at)ca, m. : nÁ ctnf *oo 
coffÁn 1 n^ofc $An lAffAix), do 
not put your reaping-hook in a 


( 109 ) 


cornfield without asking .1. being 
asked (M. prov.). 

(2) The act of inquiring, 
pxvpjuiije, g. id. f. The answer 
to a person who is in the habit 
of putting repeated and inquisi- 
tive questions is cew c'f lApjungte 
o|\c (M.), T>An t'pApfunge o^c 
(Con.), ca'n 1 *oéAn pAp-junge of\c 
(U.), cÁ'n -piApjunje o^c (Tory 
I.), caVi pApfunje o|\c (Don.), 
teAn t'pAipp uije oj\c (Cavan) ; 
prof c^Ai£e ofic (Mon., J. H.) ; 
It means how inquisitive you are, 
mind your own business, ask as 
you go ; T>ein cha^a-it) to^c, 
popular translation " ask about" 
in reply to a question there is 
no intention of answering (P. 
O'L.) ; -An c-iAj^Aró noj\c, " the 
asking on you," may your im- 
pertinent curiosity never be 
gratified by a solution of your 

Asleep, a. and ad., (1) in a state of 
sleep, dormant, 'n-A cotjUvo : 
Daniel being asleep, Afi mbeit 
'n-A co'oUvó "oo X)omr\A\X ; 'n-A 
f uAti ; we were asleep, bioniAf\ 
'nÁ-p ^co'olA'o; he is sound asleep, 
tza fé n-A cnAp co'oIaca (Or.). 

(2) Dead ; in the sleep of the 
grave : I will not have you 
ignorant, brethren, concerning 
them that are asleep, a •oeAfi- 
bjvÁirj\e, ní tiÁit tiom AWbpof 
*oo beit oj\Aib a "ocAob ha 
rntnnncij\e azá 'nA sco'olA'ó (1 
Thess. 4, 13). 

Aslope, a. and ad., aj\ pÁnAro. 

Asp, n., a poisonous serpent of 
S. Europe (vipera aspis), -poit- 
eAfÁn, -Ám, m : their wine is 
the poison of dragons and the 
cruel venom of asps, a t>pon 
nenfi r\& r\x>^ A^un -\ neirh tfiAf\ti)CAC 
íia b^oiteAfÁn (Deut. 32, 33). 

Asparagus, n. (Bot., asparagus 
officinalis), the tender shoots 
of which are used as food, (1) 
tup f irgAó, m.; (2) Uif pjVAicro ; 
(3) cfveAtn rnuc pAóAm. 

Aspect, n., (1) countenance, ap- 
pearance, (a) fmiAó, -A1-Ó and 
-a'óa, pi. id. m.; (b) T)j\eAc, -a, 
/.; (c) "oeAlb, -eitbe, /. 

(2) Look or mien, (a) péACAmc, 
-e, /., péACAin, -cAtiA, /. : ni 
jAAib pioc 1 n-A fréACAW nó 1 n-A 
•oeitb, there was no fierceness in 
his aspect or figure (O'Beg.) ; 
(b) -pouip, gen. -e and -upAc, /. 

Aspen, a., of or pertaining to the 
aspen-tree, (1) cjuteAC, -trge ; 
(2) cpiteÁnAC, -Aige. 

Aspen-tree, n. (Bot., populus trem- 
ula), cpAnn epic (G. D.); c. 
cpiteAc ; c. cpeAtA ; c. cpitip ; 
cpiceAn, -cm, -teAnnA, m.\ eAV)Aó, 

-A1T), -ADA, m. 

Asperity, n., moral roughness, 
peipbe, g. id. /.; peApbAf, -Aif, 
m.; fei^bteAn, -tin, m. 

Asperse, v.t., to bespatter with 
foul reports, mAfUngim, -u^a-d. 

Asperser, n., one who slanders or 
calumniates, mAfUnjteóifi, -ó-pA, 
-|\í, m. 

Aspersion, n., (1) sprinkling, 
cfVAtAT), -Aitce, m.; (2) the 
spreading of false reports, rnAftA, 
g. id. m.; AftrmcÁn, -Ám, m. 

Asphalt, n., mineral pitch or native 
bitumen, Lacc, -a, m. 

Asphaltic, a., bituminous, Laccac. 

Asphodel, n. (Bot., asphodelus), a 
perennial flowering plant, (1), tup 
CAifit, m.; (2) bteAócÁn, -Am, 
m.; bastard, bog or yellow 
marsh a. (narthecium ossifra- 
gum), btiocÁn, -Ám, m. 

Asphyxia, > n., suspended anima- 

x\sphyxy, j tion from suffoca- 
tion or drowning, múCA-6, -cua, m. 


( HO ) 


Aspirant, ft., one who eagerly seeks 
some high position or object, (1) 
coirhéiUjteóif , -ó|\a, -fí, m. ; 
(2) corhfinfseAC, -515, -$i§e, m. 

Aspirate, v.t., to pronounce with 
an aspirate or h sound, fenfujim, 


Aspirate, > a., pronounced with 
Aspirated, \ the h. sound, f éirmj- 

te, ind. 
Aspiration, n. (Gram.), (1) the act 

of aspirating; an aspirated sound, 

féirhiti^AT), -ijce, m. (T. C.) ; 

mark of aspiration, cotriAftA ua 

n An Át a ; fÁccorh AftA. 

(2) An ardent desire ; a great 
wish, Ajvorhi An, -rhéine, -a, /. 

(3) The act of breathing, AnÁt- 
tijAT), -urgte, m. 

Aspire, v.i., to seek to attain 
something high or great, (1) 
StóifnnAninjnn, -ugA'ú ; (2) Ájvo- 
rhiAriAim, -AT). 

Aspiring, a., that aspires, $;tóif- 

ttllAtlAC, -Aije. 

Asquint, ad., with the eye directed 
to one side, x>'f éACAin 50 CAtnf uit- 
eAó, péACAmc cf Af nA ; 50 f^eAm- 

Ass, ft., a quadruped of the horse 
family (equus asinus), (1) AfAt, 
-Ait, m. (cf. L. assellus) ; (2) 
cApAll mo StÁnmsteóf a ; ass- 
foal, mAc Af Ait ; wild ass. AfAt 
AttuA ; a. piAt)Ain ; she-ass, tAif 


Assail, v.t., to attack with violence, 

lonnfAigim, -§e. See Attack. 
Assailable, a., capable of being 

assailed, fobuAitce. 
Assailant,) n., one who attacks 
Assailer, f or assaults, ionnf A15- 

ceóif, -ó|\a, -fí, m. 
Assassin, ft., one who treacherously 

murders secretly or by surprise, 

"otmrhAfbtóif feAttCAó. 
Assassinate, v.t., to murder secretly 

or by surprise, T>unrhAfbAim 50 
f eAttcAc : he has a mind to 
assassinate that man, cá *oúit 
tíi Af oca Ai£e a\\ An bf eAf fin. 
Assassination, ft., a killing by 
treacherous violence, T>unrriAfbAi) 


Assault, v.t., to attack with un- 
lawful violence, x>o $Ab fiAX) Aif , 
they assaulted him ; (2) ionn- 
fAijim, -je ; (3) tÁtfmigirn, -ujaT); 
(4) tÁiítifijun, -lujAX). See At- 

Assault, n., a violent onset or 
attack, (1) idiom, -oubAifc fé 
50 ngeobA'ó fé *oo'n bACA Aif, 
he said he would assault him 
with the stick (cf. £Ab Áit x>e 
cofAib, kicking : jAbÁit x>e cof- 
Aib ofm, kicking me ; jjAbÁit *oe 
cofAib lonnAtn, trampling me) ; 
(2) ionnf Aije, gen. id. m. : 
1. AitifeAc, an abusive assault 
(Or.) ; (3) fojA, g. id., pi. 
-AnnA, m. : he made a sudden 
assault on him, tug fe f . f A01 ; 
a bloody assault, f. ftntceAc 
(Or.) ; (4) a sudden a., fotAg, 
-A15, m. (also fnAp, -Aip, m.). 

Assaulted, a., attacked violently, 

Assaulting, ft., the act of attacking 
violently, (1) tAmu^AX), -ingte, 
m.; (2) tÁirhfeÁit, -ÁtA, /. 

Assay, ft., the process of ascertain- 
ing the proportion of a particular 
metal in an ore or alloy, uionn 
fgAmc, -e, /. 

Assay of Weights and Measures 
féAóAin 1 nT)iAró comcfotn A^tif 
cótriAf (O'Beg.). 

Assayer, ft., one who assays, aonn- 
f^Anuóif, -óf a, -fí, m. 

Assemblage, ft., a collection of 
individuals or particular things, 
(1) bAitmjAT), -i§te, m.; (2) 
cfiíinniu5A'ó,-i5te, m.; (3)cionót 


( HI ) 


-oil, -ótcA, m. and conficionót 
a. at a game or dance, corhtAtÁn, 
-Ám (M.). 
Assemble, v.t. and %., to bring, call 
or come together, (1) bAitijnn 
-uijAt) ; (2) aonótAnn, -not ; (3) 
confitionótAim, -not ; (4) corh- 
cpmnnijim, -mjAt;. 
Assembled, a., gathered together, 
(1) bAitrgte ; (2) cptnnnijte ; (3) 
Assembly, n., a number of people 
collected together in one place 
and generally for a special pur- 
pose, (1) bAitmgxvó, -rgte, m.; (2) 
cpuinnurgAt), -ijte ; (3) cionót 
and coiriitionót, -óit, -tcA, m. 
(coirhtiotÁn, Don.; corncAtÁn, 
M.) ; (4) t)Áit,- aIa, /.; (5)T>Át, -a, 
-ca, /.; (6) corfróÁit, -ÁtA, /.; (7) 
rnófvoÁit, -ÁtA, /.; (8) peip, -e, 
-eAnnA^ /. (in the nature of a 
festival) ; (9) oipeAccAp , -Aip , m. 
(conference) ; (10) ^Aipm pgoite, 
very common in bardic and folk 
tales as a general assembly of 
bards or of all the people of a 
particular district, sometimes 
corrupted into ^Aipm p 50U) ; (11) 
rneiteAt, -tte, /. 
Assent, v.i., to agree, acquiesce or 
concur, (1) Aonctujnn, -u^At) : 
and the Jews also assented, Agup 

k'o'AonctnjeA'OAp tiA hltroAige rnAp 
An 5CeAT)nA ( j.c£s 24, 9) ; we 
assented willingly, -o'Aoncmj- 
eAniAn 50 coitceAnAC ; (2) mutu- 
ally with others, corhAoncingim, 
-115 At) ; (3) 5éittim, -teAt) : a 
thing to which they could as- 
sent, ptro a\\ opéroip teó ^éitteAt) 
*óó ; we can assent to it, ip 
péroip linn géitteAO t)ó ; (4) 
coiUjitn, -lugA-ó ; (5) pAotfiAim, 
-At) ; (6) ctAonAim, -At) : Pilate 
assented through fear of the 
temporal king, t)o ctAon piolÁit) 

te TieAgtA An pi 05 tAtrtiAit)e 
(P. L. 413). 
Assent, n., agreement, acquies- 
cence, concurrence, consent, (1) 
coit, gen. -e and -otA, /. : x>o 
Ú115 An pi a toit píojA teip An 
Ace, the king gave his royal 
assent to the Act (0' Beg.) ; (2) 
AonuAcc, -a, /.; (3) Áip, -e, /. : 
a\\ Áip nó a\k éigm, with assent 
or without, volens nolens. 
Assenting, a., giving or implying 
assent, (1) aoucac, -Aige ; (2) 
*oeónAc, -Aije ; (3) coitueAnAc, 
Assenting, n.;j the act of agreeing. 
(1) AoncugAt), -tngce, m. ; (2) 
coitiAoncti^At), -tnjce, m. ; (3) 
pAottiAt), -rricA, m. (yielding). 
Assert, v.t., (1) to affirm, declare 
positively, to aver, to asseverate, 
(a)T>eApbtH5iin, -n^At) ; (&)T)eitri- 
nrcjnn, -mjAt) ; (c) to assert 
solemnly, pA^Aini te ntiAt)Acc. 

(2) To maintain, defend or 
vindicate a claim or cause, 
copnAim, -pAinc, -pnArh and -pnAt). 
Asserter, n., one who asserts, avers 
or maintains, (1) copnAifiAC, -A15, 
-Aige, m.; (2) copAncóip, -o^ka, 
-pi, m.; (3) > oe:ttini5teóip, -ói[\A, 
-pi, m. 
Asserting,) n., (1) act of affirming, 
Assertion,)" declaring, averring, 
(a) 'oeApbirgAt), -tnjte, m.; (b) 
TJeirhnmjAt), -rgce, m.; (c) a 
positive asseveration, ypAipAx>, 
-ptA, m. 

(2) Maintaining, vindicating, 
(a) copnAtn or copnAt), g. -pAncA, 
m.; (b) copAmc, -pAncA, /. 

Natural instinct asserting it- 
self in the kitten, a nAtnnp pém 
A5 bpipeAt) ait»ac 'p óri bpipín 
(c/. the prov. Cat after Kind), 
bppeAnn An "oúttAp rpt ptnli5 
An Cine. 


( 112 ) 


Assertive, a., affirming positively 

or forcibly, T>e.A-[\btAc. 
Assertor. See Asserter. 
Assess, v.t., to impose a tax, rjvAit 

•oo LeAg-A'ó, nó *oo seAjAjvAt). 
Assessable, a., liable to be taxed, 

Assessment, n., (1) the act of fixing 

the amount to be paid, (1) 

r-fAAtujAt), -tnjce, m. ; (2) 

Se.AiAfiA'O rj\Aite. 

(2) The valuation of property 
for the purposes of taxation, 
rneAf -pjvAite ; r jvAitirieAr . 

(3) The amount levied or 
assessed, (a) rnAiú, -e, -eAnnA, 
/.; (b) cíorcÁw, -ÁnAó, f. 

Assessor, n., (1) one appointed to 
assist a judge with his special 
knowledge of the point at issue, 

(1) rneArcóin, -ójva, -pi, m.; (2) 
one appointed to assess property 
for the purpose of taxation, 
ftvAturoe, gen. id., pi. -xyte, m. 

Assets, n., property of a deceased 
person, (1) fóCAin nó rócrhAinn, 
-e, -Í, /. (? ro-Acrhuinn) ; (2) 
beot)it (O'jR.)- 

Asseverate, v.t., to affirm solemnly, 
•oenrhmgitn nó T>eAf\bui$im j:aoi 

Asseveration, n., a solemn declara- 
tion, (1) "oeirhniujAT), -ijte, m.; 

(2) T>eAt\bu5A > ó, -tugte, m.; (3) 
•oaa bfíg x\a rrnonn if pío^ é, by 
the virtue of oaths it is true. 

Assiduity, n., close application, 
diligence, (1) (cAon^útjVAcc, -a, 
/.; (2) t)icceALt, -citt, m.; (3) 
5|\ion5Al, -Ait, m. 

Assiduous, a., unremittingly atten- 
tive, (cAon)x>nt|AAó(C>Áó, -Aije. 

Assiduousness, n., the quality of 
being assiduous, (cAon)'oúttvAC- 
CAf , -Aif , m. 

Assign, v.t., (1) to allot or appor- 
tion, (a) |\oinmtn, -nc and ^omn ; 

(6) TíÁtiiisim, -uja-ó (also t)Áitim r 
fl.ft. t)ÁiL) ; (2) (a) to mark or 
specify, cornAnttnj;im, -u^ax> ; (b) 
fix, ceApAirn, -At) ; (c) designate,, 
cmmm, -neAt). 

Assignee, n., a person deputed by 
another to do some act or enjoy 
some right, peAjv lonAro. 

Assigner, n., one who appoints, 
allots or apportions, ceApAT>óif\,. 
-ójva, -|AÍ , m. 

Assignment, n., allotting to a par- 
ticular person or use, (1) ceApA-o, 
-ptA, m.; (2) -oáUisa'o, -injte, 

Assimilate, v.l, to bring to a like- 
ness or conformity, (1) corhfAtfi- 
Ungirn, -uja-o (Foley) ; (2) 10m- 
fArhttnjnn, -u^At). 

Assimilation, n., the act of bring- 
ing to likeness or conformity, (1) 
cor AtfitAcc, -a, f. (Foley) ; (2) 
lonrpAifilujAT), -vnjte, m. 

Assist, v.t., to give aid in an under- 
taking or in time of distress, (1) 
cAbjunjirn, -ujAt), imper. cAbAiu 
and cab-pure: ; (2) curoijim, 
-itjjAt) ; (3) congnAim, -Am and 
-ax) : assist her, congnArh let 
(cf. Rom. 16, 2). 

Assist, v.i., to help, róijum, v.n. 
póifitm and róif\eAcc. 

Assistance, n., help, aid, (1) cAbAif , 
gen. cAb^Aó and cAbjvA, /. ; (2) 
congnAiri, -^AncA and -nAirh, m. ; 
(3) curoeA-o, -"oro, m. ; (4) roii% 
-e, /.; (5) cotnpunuAcc, -a, /. ; 
(6) caca, g. id. m.; (7) cA^ntA-it, 
-aIa, /. (Or.). 

Assistant, a., helping, auxiliary, 
cAbjvAC, -Ai$e ; cornAtfiAC, -Aiji;e ; 
c0n5.Anu.AC, -Ai^e. 
Assistant, n., a helper, an auxiliary, 

(1) CAt)Af\tÓ1t\ ; (2) CAbftAC, -A15, 

-Aige, m.; (3) con^Ancói^, -ójaa, 
-fú, m. ; (4) curoigteói^, -ójia, 


( 113 ) 


Assisted, a., helped, aided, curoi§ce 

Assisting, a., lending aid, cAOAf\tAC, 
-Aije ; curoiugAT) ; póifutneAó. 

Assizes, n., the periodical sessions 
of the judges of the High Court 
in the various counties, (1) 
feifiun, -urn, m.; (2) reireón, 
-óin, m.; (3) fiofón, -óm, m.; 
Quarter Sessions, Seipún 1Tlóf\, 
Siofón ua RÁite. 

Associate, v.t. and i., comCAropm, 
-T)|AeAtri, imp. cArojuj; ; com- 
pÁifogim, -iuja-o. 

Associate, n., a companion, (1) 
compÁnAC, -A15, ra.; compÁn, -Áw, 
m. : his . a. and companion, a 
compÁn 1 a curoeAúcA ; (2) ^uAtt- 
uroe, g. id., pi. -*ote, m. (U.)\ (3) 
comonÁtAij\, -tA|\, -^Ait|\e, m. ; 

(4) comj\Ánnuroe ; (5) pÁijvcróe, 
gen. id., pi. -*ote, m, : a bad 
associate, T>focteó5mÁturóe. 

Associate with, v.i., jao teir ; com- 
cArojugim, -f\eAm. 

Association, n., the state of being 
linked or joined together, (1) 
compÁncAcu, -a, /.; (2) com- 
X.uaxía^, -Aif\, m. 

Assonance, n., resemblance of 
sound, (1) compuAim, -e, /.; (2) 
comAjvoA, g. id. m. (O'M., p. 6). 

Assonant, a., having a resemblance 
of sounds, (1) comfuAimeAC ; (2) 
comfuAimneAC, -nrge ; (3) com- 
gtófVAc, -Aije. 

Assort, v.t., to classify, cuimm te 

Assuage, v.t., to allay, ease, ap- 
pease or pacify, (1) ciuwigim, 
-lut-A-ó ; (2) foofuiigitn, -ujAt) ; 
(3) mAotuit;im, -utjA-o ; (4) ceAnn- 
■puigitn, -u§Af> : it is hard to 
assuage or soothe the proud, 
if *ooili5 An c-UAib|\eAó "oo ceAnn- 
f u§a-o (Con. prov., T. Con.) ; 

(5) 1^5*011151 m, -ujA'ó, flit. IA15- 

Assuagement, n., mitigation, abate- 
ment, (1) cminiuj-At), -ijce, m.; 
(2) focnu^At), -uit;ce, m.; (3) 
tAj'otigAT), -ui^ce, ra. : my grief 
is not assauaged, ni tAj^urgteArt 
mo •ooitgeAf (Job 16, 6) ; (4) 
mAotu^AT), -uigte, ra.; (5) fóc- 
AtfiAl, -Ait, ra.; (6) ActAi"óeAcc, 
-a, /.; (7) pAoifeAtri, -pm, m. 

Assuaging, n., the act of mitigating. 
See Assuagement. 

Assume, v.t., to take to or upon 
one's self, (1) gAbAim, -oÁit, 
usually with cugAm no ofim ; *oo 
5AOÁit cui^e, no Aif\ ; a. power, 
5A0 ueAnc ; our Saviour as- 
sumed flesh, -oo $ad a\\ StÁnui^- 
teóin peóit ; I assumed the task 
of admonishing him, §&£>■ mé onm 
tAOAif\c teir ; (2) cojaiut omn : 
to a. a title, uiox>At nó ^Arjun x>o 
tógÁit ; (3) 5tACAim, -At) : he 
assumes a great deal, he has great 
assurance, 5tACAnn fé mófvÁn Ai|\ 
péin ; he assumes too much, 
gtACAnn f é An iomAj\cA aij\ pern. 

Assuming, a., presuming, presump- 
tious, taking a great deal on 
one's self, (1) mójvoÁlAó, -At^e ; 
(2) "ouonAjAUf ac, -Aige ; (3) ca-0- 
mufAC, -Ai§e. 

Assumption, n., (1) the act of 
taking up, (a) có^Ait ; (b) 5AOÁ1U 
-Át a, /. 

(2) The presumptuous taking 
of much on one's self, (a) 
TJuonAfuir, -utf, m.; <b) CA-omuf, 
-uif, ra. 

Assurance, n., (1) a declaration 
designed to give confidence, (a) 
•oeA-pbAt), -oca, m. : as an a. to 
all men, uiaja -óeAfDA-ó aja fo 
x>o'n uite "óume (Acts 17, 81) ; 
to the full a. of hope to the- end T 
cum tÁwoeAjAbcA An *oóóAif 50 
-oeijAeAt) (lleb. 6, 11) ; also 

X)eA]\btAÓZ, -A, /., tAtTOeA|\i)tACC 



( 114 ) 


and fAijvoeApbtAóc (full assur- 
ance), -a, f. : full assurance of 
understanding, fÁijvóeApbAóc 
ctaigfe (Coll. 2, 2) ; (b) *oeimin, 
-rhne, /., and *oeimne, g. id. f. : 
he gave them his a., tug pé a 
•oeimw T)óit) ; let us draw near 
with a true heart in full a. of 
faith, •opuroeAm a\< Áp n-AgAi'ó 
mAitte te cporóe pípirmeAC pÁip- 
•oenfmeAó 1 5cpeiT>eArh (Heb. 10, 
22) ; (c) cóT), -óro, pi. id. and 
-a, m. 

(2) Impudence, audacity, ex- 
cess of boldness, (a) míonÁipe, /.; 
(b) uj^ApAp, m. : cá ÁpT)ii5- 
•OApÁp aici fin, she has great a. 

Assure, v.t., to declare, to solemnly 
assert, (1) "oeApbAim, -At> : I a. 
you, *oeApbAim-pe *ótnc ; (2) 
•oeirhmjim, -11154*0 : I a. you, 
beipim mo "oeimm t>uic ; we 
shall a. our hearts, x>o X)éA^Am 
a$ Áp 5cporotib belt ^eittimgte 
(1 Jno. 3, 19) ; (3) seAttAim, 
-a*o and -AmAin : I a. you, 
5eAttAim-pe x)tn€ ; (4), idiom, 
I a. you in all confidence that 
it is so, bAin bÁpp ha cUiAipe 
*óíom mutiA mbero pé mAp pm 
(lit. cut the tip of my ear off 
if it be not so). 

Assured, a., made sure or certain, 
(1) "oeitfmi^te ; (2) "oeimw, -e ; 
(3) T>eApbtA : let everyone be 
fully a. in his mind, bío"ó sac 
aot\ x>ume tÁiiroeApbíA Arm a 
mcmr» pém (Rom. 14, 5). 

Assuredly, ad., certainly, 50 T>eimin, 
50 *oeimneAc, 50 T>eAfib ; ip 
T>eApb ; "OÁpípib. 

Assuredness, n., certainty, (l)T>eim- 
neAcc ; (2) iDeA^tAóc, -a, /. 

Asterisk, n., the figure of a star, 
thus (*), used in printing or 
writing, (1) péituín, gen. id. -ni, 
m.; (2) péilxeó5 (also péAtcós), 

-ói^e, -a, /.; (3) peAnnÁn, -Áin, 
m.; (4) |\eAnnó5, -óige, -a, /. ; 
5pi5LeAóÁn, m. 
Astern, ad., (1) at the hinder part 
of a ship, (a) 1 iroeipeAT) ttnnge ; 

(b) cum "oeipro ttun^e ; (c) 
1 p5Aipip ; (2) behind a ship, 
1 tvoiAro tum^e. 

Asthma, n., a disease, (1) rmiCAT), 
-ccA, m. (M.) ; (2) ptúCA-ó, -cca, 
m. (Aran and Don.) ; (3) cuppÁn, 
-Am, m. (Don.) ; (4) 5ioppAnÁite; 
(5) cotÁn, -Am, m.; (6) peroeÁn, 
-Áin, m.; (7) bol5pAot, m. 

Asthmatic, a., liable to or suffering 
from asthma, (1) múccAc, -Aije ; 
(2) cfuiA'óAnÁtAc, -Aije. See 

Asthmatical cough, coccÁti, -Am, m. 

Asthmatical wheezing, p eóp'OÁn, -Am, 

Astir, ad., in a state of activity 
or motion, Ap bo^A'ó ; n-A pvn-oe. 

Astonish, v.t., to strike with sudden 
wonder, fear or terror ; to sur- 
prise greatly; to amaze, (1) 
I fill you with wonder or sur- 
prise, I amaze you, cuipmi 
lon^nAt) opAib ; they were as- 
tonished, T)0 -SAX) lOngriAt) 1A*0 

(Mat. 22, 33) ; (2) I will fill you 
with fear, terror, cmppeA-o uac- 
bÁf o^c ; and I was astonished, 
Aguf *oo bí uAtftÁx' opm (Dan. 
8, 27); (3) -puAfnAim, -aú ; 
puApn 11151m, -tsgAt) ; (4) nuAC- 
AtlAim, -at) ; (5) I was as- 
tonished, (a) no bAineAt) geic 
AfAm ; (b) T)o f^AnnpuijeAT) mé ; 

(c) *oo ctiipeA'ó fgeón lontiAm. 
Astonished, a., amazed, astounded, 

(1) ti AtbÁpmjjte ; (2) meApmgce: 
I am a., cá 1011511 At) móp opm ; 
I was a., x)o leAt mo f uile opm, 

bí 10í15AT1CAf opm. 

Astonishing, a., very wonderful, 
(1) ior»54ncAc, -Aige ; (2) tidt- 


( 115 ) 


t>Af ac, -Ai£e ; (3) f uAfmn$teAC, 

Astonishment, n., great surprise, 
amazement, (1) lonjAncAf, -Aif, 
m.; (2) uAtbÁf , -Áif , m. : and 
they were astonished with great 
a., Ajjuf T)o jAD uAtbÁf fómóf 
iA"o-f An (Mark 5, 42) ; (3) nuAlt- 

ACC, -A, /./ (4) fUAfHAt), -AVÓ, 

m.; (5) otifAcc, -a, /. : wonder 
and a., lon^nAt) -\ otlfACu. 

Astound, v.t., to confound with 
wonder, surprise or fear, uAtfi- 
ntujun, -ugAt) ; also unfmijim, 
-mujAt) and -neAt). 

Astraddle, á., astride, sAbAtfSAftd, 

Astral, a., starry, starlike, (1) 
jvéAicAó, -Ai$e ; (2) f éAtxAUAó, 
-Aije ; f éitceAUAó, -Aij;e ; (3) 
feAnnAc, -Aije. 

Astray, ad. and a., out of the right 
way, literally or figuratively, (1) 
AmtróA : he was going a., bí fé 
A5 thiL Amu-óA ; he went a., 
cuAit) fé Atnu'óA (pron. Atnú, 
M., Amó, Or.) ; (2) Af fan ; (3) 
A|\ feACjAÁn : leading a., feolAt) 
A|A f eAóf\Án ; (4) Af An cr tije ; 
(5) A|A r-eoro (Or.) ; (6) astray, 
confused, wandering (mentally), 
A|\ tneAfbAlt (pron. rneAfAtAt, 
M.) : lead me not a., tiA cuif-fe 
mé A|\ meA|\OAt (T. JD/i. 156) ; 
when a person's sleep goes a., 
as after a long vigil, cuai-o mo 
cot>Iao A|\ mgeAcc omn (Or.) ; 
cuato mé t&p mo co'otAT) (Don.). 
' Astrict, t?.i., (1) to bind, ceAu^tAim, 
~5Ai ; (2) to contract, cfApAim, 
(cfupAim, Don.), -a-o. 

Astriction, n., (1) the act of binding, 
ceAti^At, -Ail, ra.; (2) contracting, 
C|\ApAt>, -ptA, ra. 

Astride, ad., (1) aj\ ^AbAifSAfA-o ; 
(2) Af cofAiD ^AbiAó ; (3) Ap 
teAtAt) cof (Ker.). 

Astringe, v.t., (1) to compress, 
ceATiuAim, -At) ; (2) to contract, 
CfApAim, -At) ; (3) ceAn^lAim, 


Astringent, a., binding, opp. to 
laxative, ceAn^AitceAó, -ci£e. 

Astrologer, n., one who practises 
astrology, (1) néAttAT>óif, -ófA, 
-fí, ra.; (2) fpéA|\AT)óif\ ; m.; (3) 
Aftfoturóe, o. id., pi. -X)te, ra. 
See Astronomer. 

Astrological. See Astronomical. 

Astrology, n., the art of foretelling 
from the stars, (1) fpéAfA-oóif- 
eAóc, -a, /.; (2) AfCfotAi-oeAcc, 
-a, /. See Astronomy. 

Astronomer, n., one versed in 
astronomy, (1) néAllAT>óif\, -ój\a, 
-fí, ra.; (2) |AéAllA > oói|\, ra.; (3) 
féAtcóif, -ó|\a, -fí, m'.; (4) 
f\eAnnAi|\e, g. id., pl. -fí, ra. 

Astronomy, n., the science of the 
celestial bodies, (1) féAtueótAf, 
-Aif, m.; (2) néAltAT)ói|\eAcu, -a, 
/.; (3) féilxeAtmACc, -a, /.; (4) 
|\éAtAT)ói|\eAóc, /.; (5) |\éA"ó- 

tAUUACC, -A, /. 

Astute, a., shrewd, sagacious, 
crafty, gtic, -e. 

Astuteness, n., the quality of being 
astute, 5tiocAf , -Aif , ra. 

Asunder, ad., apart, into parts, (1) 
ó céite, cuf iAT)-fAn ó céite ; 
and I took my rod . . .-. and 
I cut it a., i x)o §lAc mife mo 
bACA . . . . i t>o ^eAjAfi mé ó 
céite é (Zech. 11, 10) ; (2) Af 
a céile : it is falling a. ca fé 
Ag ctncim Af a céíte. 

Asylum, n., an institution for 
destitute or afflicted persons, (1) 
cfoimcilL, /.; (2) cit; móf (Or.); 
(A i ceAfmAun. ra. 

At, prep., expressing, (1) the rela- 
tion of presence or nearness, (a) 
A5 : at home, a$ bAite ; at the 
door, a 5 An "oofAf ; at the fire 


( 116 ) 


a$ An ceine ; at the foot of 
the hill, A5 bun An cntnc ; (b) 
An : he was at the fair, bí f é 
An (or A5) An aouac ; at the head 
of the army, a^ ceAnn An Ainm ; 

(c) tÁim le, at hand ; (d) te : at 
her heels, te n-A fÁlAib ; (e) Y^ 
(1 f a, 1 f An) : at home, Y A mbAite; 
at Rome, Y An ftóirii ; (/) cum : 
they were seated at table bio"OAn 
'n-A ruroe cum buifvo. At this 
side ; at this side of the grave, 
Ab uf ; at the other side, call. 

(2) The relation of time, (a) 
1 : at the end of the w T eek, 1 
rroeifeATD nA f eAccrhAwe ; at 
once, 1 n-émf eAcc ; I w r as born 
at meal-time, 1 n-Am An bit) *oo 
nu^At) mé ; 1 n-Am mo cot» a a 
-pugAt) mé (Don.) ; at the end of 
spring, 1 TVoeijAe.A'ó An eAnnAit; ; 
at that time, Y Ari f At1 ) Am 
-pin ; at night, Y AT1 oróte ; 
ifc oróce (M.) ; late at night, 
T>éi > oeAnAC ^An oróce ; (b) a\k : 
at dawn, An ein;$e An tAe ; at 
midnight, An uAin An meAóón- 
oróce ; at times, An uAinib ; An 
AmAnnAib (Or.) ; (c) te : at 
dawn, te pÁmne An tAe, te 
tiei-pge An tAe ; (d) as ; at 
dawn, as einje An tAe ; a$ 
bÁnAt) 'n tAe (Don.) ; (e) urn 
and (/) pAoi : at Christmas, um 
nó pAoi (pÁ, Don.) Tlo^tAis. 

At that time, (a) Y Ar> A ™ V m '•> 
>(b) An UAin f m ; (c) An cau rm ; 

(d) An cnÁt fin. 

At any time (past), niAm, 
Am Am ; (future), coroce. 

At no time, niAm nó AniArii, 
with neg. for past tense and 
coroce with neg. for future : 
he was at no time, and never 
will be, an honest man, ni nAib 
f é -|MArh A$uf ní beró fé coróce 
Vi-a k oume mACÁncA. 

(3) The relation of order, (a) 
A|\ : at first sight, An au ^céAX) 
AtnAj\c ; at the second attempt, 
An An T)AnA iAfij\Acc ; at first, a\\ 
"ocúf ; at once, aja ah mbAtt ; 
An An bpomce bAif e ; (b) -pÁ, 
pAoi, -pé : at last, pÁ 'óeói'ó, 
pÁ t)ei|\eAt) ; (c) 1 : at once, 
1 5CéA*oóin ; at first, 1 T)cor aó ; 
at long last, 1 n*oeineAT) ua 
fSfibe ; at length (after a 
while), 1 gceAnn cAmAitt ; pÁ 
■óeineAt) ; aj\ au céA*o uAin (Or.). 

(4) The relation of state or 
condition, (a) An : at his ease. 
Aj\ a focn acc nó An a f uAimneAf ; 
at their own pleasure, An a 
*ocoit péw ; (b) 1 : Aon T>uwe 
acá 1 n-AmnAf, anyone who is 
at fault or puzzled ; (c) te : they 
were then at peace with one 
another, bioT)Af 1 ríotcÁm te 
céite An uAin fin ; such as used 
to be at smithwork, au "ononj; a 
bío*ó le j;AibneACu ; (d) fÁ, f é, 
f A01 : at our own disposal, 
f úmn péw. 

(5) The relation of action or 
employment, (a) An : he is very 
good at the flute, cá fé AnmAit 
Af (A5, Don.) An bf roec-15 ; 
at trotting, a\\ rot) An ; at cards, 
Af cAfCAi ; are you good at 
fishing ? An mAit tú Af (aj, 
Don.) iAf^Aif eAóc ? ; (b) at gal- 
loping, Af cof 1 11-ÁijVoe ; 
and generally An when it comes 
before any craft, trade, art, 
skill, dexterity, device, or instru- 
ment, more especially musical 
instruments, etc., means at ; (c) 
cum : you would be good at it, 
t)A rfiAic An peAf cuige úú. 

(6) The relation of conse- 
quence, effect, source, occasion 
or reason, (a) te : I am sur- 
prised at it, if longnAt) tiom é ; 


( 117 ) 



it is no good to be at them, 
ní hAon rhAit a beit Leo ; I am 
pleased at it, ip mAit Liotn é ; 
(b) Ap : I am delighted at it, 
■ctnpeAnn f é ÁtAp opm ; I am 
surprised at it, cá longnA-o opm 
'n-A tAoX) ; if I got a chance at 
them, X)Á bpmjwn (also bpÁjáwn, 
Don.) pAiLL optA ; (c) pÁ : they 
were not surprised at the 
sense of the hounds, niop 
t>' longnAT) t)óib pÁ CiaLL x\a 
5C011 (D. J-. 19-0) :, they were 
laughing at the jester's queer 
sayings, oí p\AT> A5 gÁipróe pÁ 
pÁróce gpeAnnriiApA An Aip ceó|\A. 
(7) The relation of direction 
towards an object or end, (a) 
Ap : she screeched at me, -pgfveA'o 
pi opm ; he fired at him, -00 
tÁtfiAc f é Aip ; aiming at him, 
A5 T)éAnAtri Amurp Aip, AimpmjA'O 
Aip ; tug pé Aopp Ai|\, he aimed 
at him (Der., see Bin.) ; Leig pé 
•peAt) Ap An tnAT)f\AT), he whistled 
at the dog ; it is a bad hound 
that is not worth whistling at, 
if otc An cu uac piu i peAT> T)0 
LeigeAn tupti ; oí p é A5 peATxgAiL 
Ap An rhA'opA'ó (rnA'OAt), Don.), 
he was whistling at the dog (M.); 
and they all at him, Aguf iat> 50 
téip a^a a tí (A5 "out Aip, also T»Ó, 
Don.) ; UÁ11T1 A5 LeAnAmAtnc Aip, 
I am continuing at it ; (b) pÁ : at 
them, -pútA ; jeering at me, A5 
iriA^At) pum (opm, Don.) ; he 
fired at him, p^AoiL pé upCAp pé ; 
she was laughing at him, bi pi 
A E 5^1 pro e pAoi ; (a) Le : cAiteAm 
cLoc Le ctiAn, mAt)pA, etc., throw- 
ing stones at the sea, at a dog, 
etc. ; he fired at him, pgAoiL pé 
upCAp Leip ; who is at you, cé 
rÁ LeAc (M.) ; (d) x>e : I am 
continuing at it, cÁim a$ LeAn- 
rhAinr "oe ; (e) idiom : at his 

book, 1 mbun a LeAbAip. 

(8) The relation of a point or 
position in a series, degree, rate 
or value, Ap : at the third at- 
tempt, Ap AU CpeAf 1Aj\pACC. 

At least, (a) Ap a LArgeAt) 
(La^at), Don.) ; (b) Ap An gcuro 
ip Ln§A *oe. 

At most, (a) Ap An 50131-0 ip 
mó (nó p ia) *oe ; (b) Ap An lomAt). 
At half price, Ap leAt Luaó. 
At all, (a) Ap bit, much used 
for enforcement or emphasis ; 
also (b) Ap Aon Cop (Con.) ; (c) 
1 11-Aon Cop (M.) ; (d) Cop Ap 
bit (IT. and Con.). 

At all events, Ap Aon Caoi ; 
Ap Aon CtrniA ; Ap CnmA Ap bit ; 
Ap Caoi Ap bit ; Ap "óóig Ap bit 
(Or.) ; Ap mot) Ap bit ; 1 jcÁp 
Ap bit ; Ap nop Ap bit ; Ap 
Aon-cpLi$e ; 50 bAipite. 

At all hazards, Ap Áip nó Ap 
érgm ; Ap tíóij; Ap bit (Or.). 

At any rate, 50 hÁipite ; Ap 
ÓA01 Ap bit. 

vli lertsi, An Curo ip (nó bA) 
tug a "oe. 

Ate, the preterite of Eat, -o'it ; 
■o'lt pé, he ate ; also 'o'ttAró pé, 
old past ; I ate no desirable 
bread, niop it mé biAt> bLApcA 
Ap bit (Dan. 10, 3). 

Atheism, the denial of the exis- 
tence of God, (1) péAnAt) X)é ; (2) 
AmxnA'óACc, -a, /.; (3) neim- 
•Oia"Oacc ; (4) T)1A-Aitip, -tipe, /. 

Atheist, n., one who denies the 
existence of God, (1) X)iA-péAn- 
cóip, -ópA, -pi, m.; (2) TQíCpeit)- 
meAó, -rrng, m. 

Atheistic, a., Godless, ahyoia'oa; 
mALLmgte ; míCperómeAC, -mije. 

Atheistically, ad., m an atheistic 
manner, 50 miCperomeAC. 

Athirst, a., thirsty, zAprmAp, -Aipe: 
let him that is athirst come, 


( 118 ) 


cA^At) (ci^eAt)) An cé Af\ a bpuit 
CAjtc (JRefc 22, 17). 

Athlete, n., one trained for con- 
tending in physical exercises, 
fpAjmuroe, g. id., pi. -*ote, m. 

Athletic, a., strong, muscular, vig- 
orous, tÁroif\, -T)|\e; tutrix, -Aijie. 

Athletic spruce young fellow, r$ A V~ 
Ai|\e, a. id., pi. -|\i, m. (Or.). 

Athletics, n., the games and sports 
of athletes, (1) r-pAjmAroeAóc, -a, 
/.; (2) coufijjteic, m.; (3) tut- 
ctedfA ; the Gaelic Athletic 
Association, CumAnn tia gCteAf 
tut ; (4) tút^Aifge. 

Athwart, ad., obliquely, zpeAr-riA, 
cjvajtia ; pAjv-cfiAf via. 

Atlas, n., a collection of maps, 
teAbA-p téAf\f5Áite, m. 

Atlantic nut (square and thick, 
sometimes indented with the 
form of a cross), Ápr\A 1Tluif\e ; 
also Áif\ne ttluif\e. 

Atmosphere, n., the aeriform fluid 
surrounding the earth, fpéiji, 
-e, /.; Aé\\, m. 

Atom, (1) a particle, anything ex- 
tremely small, (a) TnoT>Aitin, gen. 
id. m.; (b) •oubfiA'OAn, -Ám, m.; 
(c) fPfúitieós, -ói^e, -a, /.; (d) 
cÁitnín, gen. id., pi. -ni, m. 

(2) Bit, jot, whit, (a) •oa'oa'ó, 
-Am, m. (-oA*OAró, Don.), t>at>axy\, 
-Aim, m. : he has not an atom of 
sense, ni't x>ax> Am céitte Aige ; (b) 
CAirmce, g. id. /.; (c) pÁfs, -a, m. : 
m"t v Á VS céitte a£az, you have 
not an atom of sense ; (d) pioc, 
m.; (e) jtaic, -e, pi. -i and -eArmA, 
/.; (/) ceó, g. cedi$, m.; (a) 
pAimroe ; (7i) r-mro, -e, -1, /. ; (i) 
ffiÁn, -Ám, pi. id., m. 

Atone, v.i., to make reparation for 
an offence or crime, cinojim, 
-lugA* and -ceAm. 

Atoned, a., having made repara- 
tion, fAfuigte, cúicigte* 

Atonement, n., satisfaction for an 
offence or injury, (1) fÁf Am, -Aim, 
(2) cuiceAm, -am, m.; (3) éimc, 
-e, -Í, /. : vr\A\\ éimc aj\ mo 
£eACAi"óib, in a. for my sins (P. 
jL.) ; (4) cá-óaóav-, -Air-, m. ; (5) 
íocAVóeAóc, -a, /. ; (6) emeAC- 
tAnn, -Arnne, /. ; (7) tóif\£níom, 
-a, m. (Numb. 16, 46). 

Atonic, a., unaccented, neAfh- 


Atop, ad., on or at the top, a$ 

t>Ám\ ; 1 n-Áijvoe. 
Atrabilariousness, n., a melancholy 

or hypochondriac humour, Liorm 

x>ub (lit. black humour), (PP.S.) \ 

tiotin fiuAt) (red humour). 
Atrocious, a., extremely wicked or 

heinous, (1) cjiuA-óÁtAC, -Aige ; 

cjiuA'óÁtcA, ind. 
Atrociously, ad., in an atrocious 

manner, 50 C]\uA"ó.ÁtAC. 
Atrociousness, > n., great wicked- 
Atrocity, > ness or cruelty, 

CflUA'ÓÁlt, -áXa, f. 

Attach, v.i'., (1) (a) to bind, fasten, 
tie or connect, ce.dti5t.Aim, -5AL, 
with "oe ; (b) to make fast or 
join to, 5|\eAm 11151m, -uja-ó, with 

(2) To take by legal authority,. 
(a) to arrest by writ, t>o 5AOÁ1I 
1 LÁim, x>o cuj\ 1 mbjioro ; (b) 
to seize property, to^Aim, -Alt. 

Attached, a., devoted, to, riAfS' 
utgte te ■;' 5f\eAmuij;te te. 

Attached, a., seized, gAbtA, bjioi*oig~ 
te, CÓ5CA f «Af . 

Attachment, n., (1) for binding, 
ceAn^At, -Ait, m.; (2) mutual 
friendship, cumAtm, -Airm, m. 

Attack, n., the act of falling upon 
with force or violence, (a) iomi-- 
f Aije, g. id. m.; (b) x>o buAtAT) aj\; 
(c) ipo^A, g. id., pi. -AtitiA, m. : he 
attacked him, tug f é pojA pAoi ; 
also pot)Aif\c, -A|\tA, /. ■: to make 


< 119 ) 


an attack on a person, pobAinc 
t>o tAbAinc Ap t)uine ; (d) roe, 
a violent attack, abuse ; (e) 
Amuf, -tup, m. : he made an 
a. on him, tug pé Amup pAoi ; 
(/) a desperate a., (i) Ap^At, -ail, 
m.; (ii) puAtAp, -Aip, yyi.; (g) 
lopgAiL, -e, /.; (h) mAix)m, -At>mA, 
-AftmAnnA, m. 
Attack, v.L; (1) to fail upon with 
force, (a) lonnpAijim, -ge : he 
attacks Brian, ionnp AigeAnn pé a^ 
t)piAn (Or.) ; (b) pogAim, -5Á, and 
-§Ait ; (c) puAgAim, -at> ; (ci) 
cAbpAim pé nó pAoi : he was 
afraid to attack them, bi eAgtA 
Ain uAt)Ai|\c putA ; (e) 10m- 

$Ab Aim, -OÁ1Í. 

(2) To set to work upon a 
thing, Tnjugitn Ap ; also to assail 
as with an unfriendly speech, as 
x)íf\rg pi opt a, she " made for 
them," '-' began at them " (P. 

Attacker, n., one who attacks, 
ionnp AigteAc, -tij, m. 

Attacking, a., tending to attack, 
ionnp AigceAC, -tije. 

Attacking, n., (1) the act of falling 
on with violence, lomjAbÁit, -áía, 
/.; (2) grappling with, tÁim- 
fmjAX), -ijce, m.; A5 Amur ; 
iompu a^at), -gcA, m.; pÁpujAt), 
-urgte, m.; idiom, there is not 
one who will not be attacking 
them, rri't Aomne nÁ beró (t\ac 
mbéró, Bon.) a$ cup optA (P. 

Attain, v.t., (1) achieve, accom- 
plish, reach, gain, compass, (a) 
ppoipim, v.n. ppoip : we reached 
the city, ppoipeAmAp An cAtAip ; 
(b) ppoicim, v.ft. ppoic(wc) ; (c) 
porcirn, v.n. poiceAócÁil (Din.) ; 
(<l) poicim, v.n. poccAW ; (e) 
11151m, v.n. -fUAccAw : I have not 
:attained to the years of my 

fathers, ní pÁmrc; mé btiAtmA 
beAtA m'AitneAc (Gen. 47, 9); 
(/) noccAim, -caw (G. D.) ; (g) 
upmAipim, -peA^o 

(2) v.i. To come to or arrive 
at a place or state by motion, 
growth, or bodily exertion, (i) 
to a. it, *oo teAcc 50 nó cur^e ; 
if by any means they might a. 
to Phenice, "o'péACAm An t>ipéAT>- 
AiT)ip Afv Aon con ceAcc 50 
Phenice (Acts, 27, 12) ; (ii) to 
reach or arrive at by an effort 
of the mind, T)o noccAin curse ; 
thy knowledge is become won- 
derful to me — it is high and I 
cannot attain (reach) it, ir* 
longAncAó "o'eótAf óf mo cionn — - 
acá pé ÁpT> ; ní péAT)Aim nocuAin 
(nó ceAóc) cuige ; they attained 
to justice, r\u5AT)An An An bpip- 
éAncAóc (Rom. 9, 30). 
Attainable, a., capable of being ac- 
complished, (1) ioncp Aotnuijte ; 
(2) ioncrotÁcAi|\ ; (3) loncrotÁc- 
Attaining, n., the act of arriving 
at or reaching, (1) tvoccaw, -An a, 
/.; (2) niAccAm, -av\a, /.; (3) 
nigeAcu, -a, /.; (4) pAgÁit, -áía, 
/. : for attaining everlasting sal- 
vation, cum ^a^aIa An cplÁnmgte 
Attainment. See Attaining. 
Attaint, v.i., to stain, sully or dis- 
grace, cnuAitti5im, -iu^a-o and 
Attainted, a., convicted, T)Aon- 

Attempt, ri., (1) an essay, trial or 
endeavour, (a) lAppAcu, -a, /. : 
it is a bad third attempt that 
does not succeed, ip otc An cpeAp 
i^ppócc uac mbAwpro (U. prov., 
11. M.) ; he attempted to do 
it, tuj; ré lAppAcc pé (M.) ; also 
tug pé pé (P. O'L.) ; attemp 


( 120 ) 


it, réAC é (U.) ; réAó leir (Don.) ; 
(&) *onéim, -e, /.; (c) Amur, -urn, 

(2) An attack, (a) ionnrAi§e, 
gf. id. m.; (b) cAbAinu ré. &ee 
Attack. ■ 
Attempt, v.t, (1) to try, to en- 
deavour, to essay, (a) cADnAim 
ré nó CAbnAim lAnnAcc Af, ; (o) 
cuinnri cuige ; (c) Aimrij;im, 
-lujAt) ; (d) cniAttAim, v.n. cmAtt; 
(e) "0^011111111, v.n. T>néim. 

(2) To attack, to endeavour 
to take by force, lonnrAijmi, 

Attempted, a., tried, lonnrAijte. 

Attempting, ri. t the act of trying 
or endeavouring, a$ lonnrAije ; 
A5 cun cuige. 

Attend, v.t., (1) to care for, take 
charge of, look after, watch 
over, (a) rneA-pcAtAim, -At and 
-a-o : attend to him, rneArcAt 
Ain ; attend to or take care of 
the luck when you get it, 

fneAfCAt All C-ÁT) TU1A1f\ a jjeób- 

Ain é ; the sandpiper cannot 
a. to or look after the two 
strands, ni réroin teir An 
njobA^An An x>Á cnÁij; a 
-p|\eAfCAt ; (b) T)éAn imfníom 
•oe n -oceme, attend to the fire 
.1. use it ; (c) then I had to 
attend to something else, Annr An, 
ctnneAT) nro eite An m'Aine ; (d) 
the doctor attended to his finger, 
cuin ay\ "ooccuin caoi aj\ a rhéAn; 
(e) he attended to his own 
business, *oo bí ré 1 oreipt a 
gnótA rem. 

(2) To wait on to serve, (a) 
rniotÁiAim, -At) : the gobadan 
cannot attend both strands, cá 
*oci5 Leir An §ot>AT)Án rniotÁit An 
a' "oá cnÁij (Or. prov., H. M. 

(3) To attend professionally as 
a doctor, reitnn (An), v.n. reit- 

(4) To accompany, (1) oonn- 
lACAim, -at) ; (2) t>uL 1 scuro- 
eAcuAm . 

Attend, v.i., to regard, heed or 
comply, tteimm Aine, cAbnAim 
Aine : a. to the voice of my 
petition [complaint], zaX)a\^ Aine 
•Do gut mo jeAnÁm (Ps. 86, 6) \ 
till I come a. to reading, 50 
ceAóc "OAtfi-rA uAbAin Aine t>o 
téijteóineAóc (1 Tim. 4, 13). 

Attendance, (1) service or waiting 
on, (a) Aine, g. id. /. : to give a, 
to, to wait on a sick person, 
Aine T>o tAbAinc X)o *óume tmn 
(O'Beg.) ; he died for want 
of a., ruAin ré bÁr *oo *óít 
AineAóAif (nó Aine), (0' Beg.) \ 
(b) reinbir. -e, -1, /.; (c) rneArtAt, 
-Ail, to.; (d) rneAfCAtAcc, -a, /.; 
(e) rniocótAm, -Uíia, /. (O'D. 
Gram. 96) ; (/) reiteAm, -tme, 
f'f (flO 5iolLAit)eAcu, -a, /.; (h) 
umnneAtfi. -mm, to. 

(2) Company, coimT)eAcx, -a, /. 

Attendant, n., one who attends or 
accompanies, (1) r einbír eAc, -ri$ r 
pi. -rije and -a, to.; (2) rneAr- 
CAturoe, #. id., pi. -x)te, to.; reAjt 
rneAf cAit ; luce -pneAr caií, pi. 
(3) reitmeóin, -ó\yA, -ní, to.; (4) 
reitmeAC, -mij;, m.; (5) 510114, 
g. id., pi. -AÍ, to.; (6) teAncóin, 
-ónA, -ní, w.; (7) rtn'óin, -"oner 
/.; (8) longóin, -ónA, -ni (a lady's* 
maid), (Con). 

Attending, n., (1) the act of 
waiting on or serving, rneArcAt, 
-Ait, to. (with a\\ or t>o) ; (2) 
rmteólAt), -eóitce, to. ; (3) 
rmotÁiieAt), -iue, to. ; (4) the 
act of looking after or watch- 
ing over, rei£iL, -e, /., reiptCr 
-e, /. : a. to his own business, 


( 121 ) 


1 b£ei$itx a $nótA pétn (TV. Lim.); 
(5) a. a funeral procession, etc., 
aonnlACAw, -awa, /.; (6) a. on, 
lons-ADÁit, -ÁlA, f. (Con.). 

Attention, n., (1) heed, (a) A^e, 
gen. id. f. : pay no a. to him, 
i\a cAbAif Aon Ai^e -óó ; it is 
necessary to give a., if jUACCAnAó 
Aife *oo tAbAijvc (Donl., p. 4) ; 
there was something else that 
claimed her own a., bí juit> éigw 
eite Af a tixM^e pém ; he had 
nothing to attend to, ni fidib cat) a 
(•oa'oa'ó, Don.) aj\ a Aij\e ; AijteAC- 
cAit, -áía, /.: xrínis a. -oo, direct a. 
to it ; (b)'ruim, -e, /.: he did not 
pay much a. to the word, nion 
ctnf fé pumn fuitne 'f A bjrocAt 
(P. O'L.) ; (c) conAt), -Art, -ptA, 
m, : he paid no a. to his advice, 
riíojx tug ré Aon €o-[aa*ó Ap a 
eórhAi|\te ; I pay no a. to you, 
I have no regard for you, ni't 
zo^aX) ASAm o-f\c ; she paid no 
a, to his talk, niof tug r í conA-o 
Ap a t;Ló|A ; (d) beAnn, -einne, 
dat. bewn, /. : he paid no a. to 
anyone, ni nAib beAnn Aij;e aj\ 
Aomne ; (e) Ái]vo, -e, /. : pay 
no a. to him, nÁ caoai^ aou 
Aifo Ain ; (e) reA-o, m. : with- 
out a. or regard for anything, 
5An -pexvó 5^n rtnm aj\ Aon juvo ; 
(/) uro, -e, /. (Fer.). 

(2) Care, Aij\e(ACAr) cttg ré 
Aif\e rhAit (nó AineACAf uiAit) "ó'a 
$nó, he paid great a. to his 

(3) Notice or special considera- 
tion, iui, -Cut, m. (knowledge) : 
he called my a. to it, ctnn ré 
1 11-1ÚI *DAm é. 

(4) Courting, waiting upon as 
a lover, ruijuje, g. id., /. r 111^15- 
eACu, -a, /. 

Attentive, «., (1) heedful, ob- 

servant, (a) Aif\eAC, -f^ 1 5 e 5 (°) 
cúf AniAó, -Ai$e ; (c) pneArcAtAC, 
-Aige ; (d) -pfviotÁtrhAC, -Ai§e ; (e) 
ptnfteACAijA, -CfA ; (/) p^ioCnAitiAC, 

(2) Courteous, (a) 5 twin, -e ; 
(b) rtmneArhAit, -trttA ; (c) T)eij;- 
béAfAú, -Aije ; (d) rnÁnlA, ind. ; 
(e) cúif céir eAó, -rije. 

Attentively, ad., in an attentive 
manner, 50 bAif\eAó, 50 cjunnn : 
listen a., éirc 50 chimin nó 50 
t)útf\AccAó ; éirc 50 snmn te 
bjn At nA T)é (P. I/.). 

Attentiveness, n., the quality of 
being attentive, (1) rniocnArhAóc, 
-a, /.; (2) ruimeAirtlACc, -a, /. . 

Attenuate, v.t. and i., to make or 
become thin or slender, to make 
less consistent, less dense, (1) 
cAntnjim, -ujA'O, cf. L. tendo to 
stretch ; (2) CAoUnjim, -uj^vo. 

Attenuation, n., the act of making 
thin, (1) cAnujAT), -tnjte, m.; (2) 
cAotnjAt), -tnj;te, m. 

Attest, v.t., to bear witness, affirm, 

(1) pA'Dnuigim, -njA-o ; (2) t)éAn 
prime ; (3) •oeA^btnptn, -ugAt) ; 
ceAfcmjim, -ujAt). 

Attestation, n., evidence,testimony, 
witness, piA"ónéró, -pí*óné (M.), 
.-e, -te, m.; piA"ónAife, g. id., pi. 
-fi /.; T>eAfbA"ó, -X)tA, m.; t)eirh- 
nmgAt), -ijte, m.; ceAfCAf, -Air, 
m, (G. D.). 

Attested, a., witnessed, (1) "oeAfAb- 
uijte ; (2) ^riA'ónuijte. 

Attesting, n., the act of attesting 
or witnessing, ceArcujA-o, -tnjte, 

Attire, v.t., to dress or clothe, (1) 
éA*ouij;im, -ujat), p.p. éA"oui$;te ; 

(2) x>o eófuijjA'o 1 n-éATíAó ; (3) 
cUVomjim, --oaó. 

Attire, n., dress, apparel, ( ) 
óat)ac, -A15, -Aige, m.; (2) culAifj, 


( 122 ) 


gen. id. and -At> pi. --oeACA and 
-Lcaca, m. 

Attitude, ft., the posture or posi- 
tion of a person or thing, (1) 
fe&r&m, -Aim and -fCA, m.; (2) 
mne-Att, -HX, m.; (3) cum a, g. id., 
pi. -mtA, /• (G. D.) ; (4) fcÁro, 
-e, pi. id. J. (G. -D.) ; (5) careless 
attitude, fteAriiAc, -aic, m. 

Attorney, ft., one legally appointed 
to transact business for another, 
an attorney-at-law is now called 
solicitor, (1) AcútwAe, (, id., pi. 
-te, m.; (2) At>zú\\nA, g. id., pi. 
-aí, m. 

Attorney, power of, ft., curfiACCA 


Attract, v.t., (1) to draw to, 
cAfifidinjim, -5c and cai^ac (M.), 
pp. ~5te ; (2) to attract emo- 
tionally or morally, to allure, 
(a) meAttAim, -ax> ; (b) AorhAim, 


Attractable, a., capable of being 
attracted, focAtAjvAingte. 

Attractability, ) ft., the act or pro- 

'Vttraction, ) perty of attract- 
ing, uA^jtAinE' -e, and -te, /. 

Attracted, v. a., cAt\ttAin;c;te. 

Attracting, ft., the act or power 
of drawing, A5 uAfittAinj. 

Attractive, a., (1) having the power 
of drawing, cAtAtAAingteAC, -ci£e ; 
(2) attracting morally, alluring, 
meAttuAC, -Aige. 

Attribute, ft., an inherent quality, 
an essential characteristic or pro- 
perty, (1) buAró, gen. -e, pi. 
biiAt)A, /., "oaI, gen. -a, /.; (2) 
fÁi|\b|\í$, gen. -brn'og, pi. -bm'ogA, 
g. pi. -b|\ío5, /• •' 1 f Aon ^ 

fÁ1f\S|AÍ05Alb HA T)1AT)ACCA belt 

iteótAó, omniscience is one of 
the attributes of the Divinity 
(O'JE?.) ; (3) ciot)tACAt), -tAicte, 
pi. id. m. (P. L.), cÁitroeAct, 
-a, /. (Tyr.). 

Attribute, v.t., to impute, ascribe,, 
assign. x)o cujt 1 teit, *oo cujv 
1 n-A teit (Con.) : I a. it to his 
happiness, ctnmm 1 leit a fonAif 
é ; to a. to one's self, t>o cuj\ 
1 n-A teit pern ; Job sinned not 
in all this nor attributed folly 
to God, níot\ peActuj 1ób Anrifo 
tnte ; rri mó t>o ctnt\ Lenfie 1 
teit T)é (Job 1, 22) ; la. it to 
you, cmtum at)' teit é ; I would 
not a. it to you, cá t;ctiim:irm 1 T>o 
teit é (Or.) ; I would not a. it 
to him or expect it from him, 
ca f AmLócAirm teif é (Or.) ;. 
falsehood was never attributed 
to us, bf\éA5 Vmn niofv fAtritAT) 
mAm (Oss. IV. p. 52-6). 

Attrition, n., sorrow for sin from 
fear of punishment, "ooil^eAf 
bicf A|\ tnnrie mA-p geALL ajv a 
l5eAGuiT)ib T)'eA$;tA piAucA itrjurm. 

Attune, v.t., to make melodious, 
to adjust one sound or musical 
instrument to another, (1) -pon- 
rmpm, -115AT) ; (2) cótfijruAim- 
rnjim, -mjAT) 

Auburn, a., reddish brown, (1) 
j\uat), -Ait)e ; (2) T>orm, g. s. f. 
T)tnnne ; (3) TDomroeAj^, -ei|K;e ; 
(4) burófuiAT), -AiT)e. 

Auction, ft., a public sale to the 
highest bidder, (1) j\eic, g. j\eACA, 
pi. id. m.; (2) j\eACAit\eAcr, -a, 
f. (Con.); (3) |\eACAT), -cca, m.; 
(4) |\eiceA|\Acc, -a, /.; (5) caticaiI., 
-ÁlA, /. (also cAntroÁit) ; (6) 
CAncA, g. id. pi. -aí, m. (Or.). 

Auction, v.t., to sell publicly to 
the highest bidder, (1) t\eicim, v.n.- 
fieic : it is yourselves you are 
selling and auctioning to the 
devil, fib pém &CÁ fib a tMoL 
I a f\eic teif An THAbAt ; (2) 
CAíicÁitim, v.n. cAttrÁiL (also 
CAnnT)Áit); (3) to put up for auction 

"DO Ct1|\ A|\ ATI 5CAf Úf\ (J. P. H.). 


( 123 ) 


Auctioneer, n.. } one who sells by 
auction, (1) feACAif\e, g. id., pi. 
~f\i, m.; (2) |AeACAT)óif, -ófA, -j\í, 
m.; (3) mAijif fcijt cauca, m. (Or.), 
feAcuijceóin puibtróe (O'Beg.). 

Audacious, a., (1) daring, adven- 
turous, t)áha, ind., very a., too a., 
^ó'óÁnA, ind.; (2) bold in wicked- 
ness or effrontery, impudent, in- 
solent, rníonÁif\eAC, -tuge ', neArh- 
tiÁijteAc, -f 1 5^ '•> ce.ArmcAf.AC, 
-Atge ; *of\oetfmince. 

Audaciously, ad., in an audacious 
manner, 50 'oáha, 50 tníonÁifveAc. 

Audacity, (1) venturesome bold- 
ness, "oÁnAóc, /.; |\ót)ÁriAcc, -a, 
/.; ceAnncAf , -Aip, m.; (2) shame- 
less effrontery, míonÁi^e, g. id. f. 

Audible, a., capable of being heard, 
(1) focUimce, ind.; (2) fo- 

Audibleness, n., the quality of 
being audible, -pocUunceAóc, -a, 


Audibly, ad., so as to be heard, 

50 -pocttnnce. 

Audience, n., act of hearing, ad- 
mittance to a hearing, (1) éifc- 
eAóc, -a, /.; (2) an assembly of 
hearers, tucc éifceACcA, ctum- 

Auditor (hearer), (1) éipceóif\, -ó|\a, 
-|\í, m.; (2) éir-ajceói^ ; (3) 
eircróe, g. id., pi. -t)ce, m.; (4) 
■peAf éif ceAccA, m.; (5) ctuinceóij\ 
-ófA, ~[\í, m.; (6) (of accounts), 
Áifirhteói|A, -ó|aa, -|Aí, m. 

Auditory, n., an audience, tucc 

Au fait, expert, skilful, ctipce. 

Auger, n., a carpenter's tool, (1) 
cAf\AcAif, -c^A, /. (c/. V tero, to 
bore, to prick) ; (2) ca|Ucaja, -aij\, 
m.; (3) cA^ÁtA^, -Ai|v, m.; also 

Cf\ÁCA1f, A (^-)> a Ud CO|V, ^ wc ^ 

(Con. See vocab. to CfuiAc 
£otiAiit, and c/. Sc. tora, auger) ; 

*00 fVAgAITnf CjVÍ pOtt C|AÁtA1|\e 

{Man.) ; also the spelling in the 
Brehon Laws (c/. IV. 310-11) ; 
(c/. W. taradr ; Bret, tarar ; Corn, 
tarater ; Gr. rtperpov; L. terebra). 

Auger-hole, pott nó cott ca|iácaij\. 

Aught, n., anything, nró Afi 01c. . 

Augment, v.t., to increase, (1) 
méAT)iJi$im, -ugAt) ; (2) lomAT)- 
tn§im, -ti^A'ó. 

Augmentable, a., capable of in- 
crease, fontiéA'otJijte ; fit to be 
increased, inrhéA'otngte. 

Augmentation, n., increase, méAT)- 
tigA'O, -tujce, m.; mofuvo, -|\ca, 

Augmentative, a., having the 
quality or power of increasing, 
tnéATnngceAC, -cij;e. 

Augmented, a., increased, mé&x>- 

Augur, one who foretells events 
by omens ; a diviner, a prophet, 
(1) j\éAtfiAitfvireóiii, -ój\a, -f\í ; (2) 
-peA|\ peAfA, m.; (3) pÁro, g. id., 
pi. -e, m., cf. L. vates; *ouine 
"oo 5HIT) pÁróeói|\eAcc ; (4) pAif- 
ceAnóif\, -ófA, -f\í, m.; (5) peAj\ 
pÁifcme ; (6) geAfAi^e, g. id., 
pl. -fií, m',; (7) 5eAfAT)óifv, -ó^a, 
-|\í, m.; (8) T)|\éAnóif (diviner 
by birds). 

Augur, v.t., to predict or foretell, 
fiéAtriAicf\ifim, -AicjMf ; CAif\n- 

Augured, a., foretold, j\éArhAic- 
fupce, inei. 

Augury, n._, divination or foretelling 
events, (1) fiéAifiAitfup, -e, Í.; (2) 
■pÁit)eóif\eAcc, -a, /.; (3) pÁi-óeAT»- 
oi^eACc, -a, /.; (4) pÁifcíneACc, 
-a, /.; (5) cAitteó|\Aóc, -a, /. 

August (majestic), mótvóAc, -Aije ; 
eA|\tAríi ; -pómófAó, -^ige. 

August, the 8th month, tugnAfA, 
g. id. /.; mi ha lujnAfA ; tHn-oe 


( 124 ) 


Auk, n., an Arctic seabird of the 
genus aioa, pAtcoj;, -015c, -a, f. 

Aulic, a., pertaining to a royal 
court, cúif\ceAc, -05-e. 

Aunt, T)eij\bfiúf\ At Aft no rnÁtAf\ ; 
Anion ; mÁitf\eÁn nó mÁitfVín 
(from the mother) ; f\éimf iúifi , 
AtAifeóg, -ói^e, -a, f. (from the 

Aurated, a., gilded, gold-coloured, 
ójvóa, ind. 

Auricula, n. (Bot,), a species of 
primula or primrose, also called 
bear's ear, tuf ua nibAmtAtojAn ; 

Ulf UA mX)AT\ f\íj. 

Auricular, a., (1) of or pertaining 
to the ears, bAineAf te ctuAif ; 
(2) told in the ear, (a) ctuAif- 
éif n^te ; (b) co^a^ac, -Aige. 

Auricular confession, An fAoifom 

Auriferous, a., gold-bearing, ó\\ iúaja, 

Aurist, n., an ear-doctor, ctuAif tiAij. 

Aurora, w., (1) the dawn of day, 
■pÁmne An lAe ; bf\eACAt) at\ ía e ; 

(2) (Myth), the Goddess of the 
Morning, bAitroé ua tnArone. 

Aurora Aiistralis, "qéAffot/uf, m. 

.áitrora borealis, €UAt>foUif, m. 

Auspices, n:, pL, patronage and 
care, (1) coirmj\c, -e, /.; (2) 
curiroAc, -A15, m.; (3) *oroeAn, 
-t)itie, /.; (4) ceAftnAmi, -Amn, m. 

Auspicious, a., prosperous, fortu- 
nate, (1) fotiA, ind. (also f onAf ac, 
-Aije) ; (2) "poif\uiúuAc, -Aije ; 

(3) jiACArhAit, -riitA (Tyr.) ; Át>- 
rhA|\, -Ai|Ae, 

Auspiciously, ad., in an auspicious 

manner, 50 fotiAf ac. 
Auspiciousness, n., the state or 

quality of being favourable, 

fonAf, -Aif, m.; féAti, -ém, m. 
Auster or Notus, the South Wind, 

■oeAf-jAQt, -01 te, /.; Att gAot a 


Austere, a,, rigorous, stern, (1) 
CjníA-óÁtAc, -Aije : (2) T>of\feóA r 
ind,; (3) 5^5, a. s. /. ^Ai^e ; 
(e/. Gr. yopyog, rough, fright- 
some) ; (4) 5|AUAtnA, ind, (cf. V 
ghrémo, I distort the mouth) ; 
(5) poj^uA'nro^ ind. 

Austerely, ad., in an austere man- 
ner, 50 CfAUAÓÁtAC, 50 T)Of\|VOA. 

Austerity, n., (1) severity of man- 
ners, (a) 5juiAmAC€, -a, /.; (6) 
t)0|\|\t)acc, -a, /.; (c) -po^jfniAim, 
-e, /.; (d) "ouAi^ceAf, -cif, m. ; 

(2) severity of life, cjuia-óáIaóu,- 
-a, /./ (3) harsh discipline, 
reAnnAr, -Aff, m.; (4) severity by 
ivay of peyiance, ^éifjníotri, -a, 
-A-f\tA, m. 

Austral, a., southern, A'óeAf, ait 

caoo A"Óeáf. 

Authentic, a., genuine, real, (1) 
ug-oAf Af ac, -Aije ; (2) u§X)A|\ac 
-Aije (C7. D.), bA|AÁncAfhAil, -rhlA; 

(3) btniAt)Af ac, -Aije ; (4) •otif- 
cmeAc, -nige. 

Authentically, ad,, in an authentic 
manner, 50 bujroAftÁf ac, 50 bun- 

Authenticate, v.t., to prove truiey 
pojuiigim, -ujat). 

Authentication, n., the act of 
proving to be true, po^u^AT), 
-tnjte, m.; cjiutugAt), -urgte, m. 

Authenticity, n., genuineness, -piof- 

ACC, -A, /./ t»3 > OA|VACC, -A, /. 

Author, n., one who writes a book, 
tig-oAjA, -Ai|\, m. (Lat. auctor) ; 
great author, mófui^'OA-íA ; also 
the originator of anything, as 
a story, ni pu fgéAi 5A11 uj^Af ; 
m fgeAt jjau 135*0 aj\ acá AgAmf a. 

Authoress, n., a female author, 

bAflUJ'OAp, /. 

Authorise, v.t., to empower, "o'ug- 

T)A|\Áf At) *, CUtflACCA XÍÓ \X§X>A^Sf 

X)o tAVjA^z "Do t)uine. 


( 125 ) 


Authorised, a., possessed of or en- 
dowed with authority, (1) ceA*o- 
tnjice ; (2) having an air of 
authority, dictatorial, peremp- 
tory, positive, uj-OAjAAfAc, -Aige. 

Authoritative, a., (1) having due 
authority, ug-oAjtAfMc, -Ai§e ; (2) 
f\éimeAC, -nuje ; (3) f\éimeAtíiAil, 
-rhtA ; (4) ceAntiAp- ac, -Aije ; (5) 
mAi£if€f\eArhAil, -rhtA. 

Authoritatively, ad., in an authori- 
tative manner, 50 bugiDAfvAfAC. 

Authority, n., (1) legal or rightful 
power, dominion, jurisdiction, 

(a) bA-jwicAf , -Aif, m. : he had 
not the proper a., m f\Aib ^n b. 
ceAj\c Aige ; (b) 115-0 AjtÁr , -Áir , 
m. : printed with a., a-ja u-a cuja 
1 sctó'O Le ntJ5'OA|tÁf ; (c) -pénn, 
-e, /., -péimeAf, -tnre, /. ." full a., 
lÁirtf\éim, -e, /. ; (ci) ceAntiA-p, 
-AMf, m. : high a., móif\ceAnriAr ; 
(e) supreme a., tro-ptAifiAf, -Aif, 

(2) The power derived from 
office, station, mental or moral 
superiority, etc., mAijifc^eAcc, 
-a, /.; parental authority, (a) 
lAtfifm-Acc, -a and -aicc, m.; (b) 
ajvocoja, -coif, m. 

(3) The person or thing ap- 
pealed to as an authority, (a) 
t>A-{AÁr»€A, g. id. m. : he is not a 
reliable a., m b. incjvevote é ; 

(b) u£oav\, -Ai|\, m. : now refer 
me to your a., zaX)a\\\ u-^oaxk Leip 
fin ATioif -oom ; that is all the 
a. I have for what I am about 
to say, -pm é a bpuit 'o'tij'OA^ 
A^Am pÁ'n méro a zá le pÁ?> 
A§Am . 

Autocracy, n., absolute authority, 
ói$|\éi|t, -e, f. 

Autocratic, a., having absolute 
authority, oi^eijAeAC, -pige. 

Autograph, n., a person's own sig- 
nature or handwriting, fspibirm 

tÁirhe nó f5fiíbmn "óuirie péin ; 
p|\iorhclÁ|\, -Ai|t, m. (G. D.). 

Automaton, n., a self-moving 
machine, gtéAf a jUiAifeAnn 
jau congnAiti. 

Autumn, n., the third season of 
the year, harvest, in America 
often called " The Fall," pójrhAjA, 
m., gen, -aij\, m.; ctnom An 
T>uitieAbAi|\ ; a rainy autumn, 
pójrhAf pliuc. 

Autumnal, a., belonging to or 
peculiar to autumn, FogrhAfvoA, 
ind.; pójtiiAjvAó, -Aige. 

Auxiliary, a., aiding, assisting or 
helping, congAncAc, -Aije ; cAbAf\- 
tAC, -Aij;e ; ctux) eAt)Aó, -Aije ; 
curoeAtfiAiL, -tritó. 

Auxiliary, n., an assistant or 
helper, congAncoipi, m.; cAbjtAc, 
-A15, -Aige, m.; cAbA|\cói|t, m.; 
ctiroitjteói^, m.; auxiliary word, 
as an adjective or adverb, -poif\- 
b|\iAtA|\, -Aif\, m. 

Avail, v.i., to be of use or ad- 
vantage, pójnAim, -Arh : to avail 
one's self of, -perom t>o X)éAr\Am 
T>e juro no cAijtbe x>o bAwc A-p. 

Avail, n., profit, benefit, advantage, 
(1) cAijAbe, gen. id. m. : it is of 
little avail to me, ir beAj; An 
cAij\be t)Am é ; (2) éipeAcc, -a, 
/.; (3) pójuAtfi, -Aim, m. ; my 
wife from her place in the 
corner says that I am of no 
avail, Y é "oeifAeAf mo céite 'f Art 
óoifvnéAl, 511 \\ mi we ^au pó^nAiú 
mé (D. A, 23) ; (4) it is of no 
avail to me, ip beAg au tfiAit 
•óom é ; (5) perom, -e, /. 

Avail, v.t., to profit, to benefit, (a) 
all this availeth me nothing, ni 
T)éAn ro le céite rriAit *óaiú 
(Esth. 5, 13) ; (b) in Christ cir- 
cumcision availeth not, 1 n-for-4 
CfvíofC ní bpinL éipeAéc a\\ bit 
1 "ocimoiUseApfAAt) (Gal. 5, 6) ; 


( 126 ) 


(c) the prayer of the righteous 
man availeth much, ir món An 
bfúj; a tza 1 n-unnurgte "óútnAcc- 
A15 aw pném {James 5, 16). 

Available, a., usable, advantageous, 
■perome.4tfi.AiL, -mtA ; éipeACCAó, 

Avarice, n., an inordinate desire 
of gain, (1) fAinnc, -e, /.; (2) 
•outcÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) "outúÁnACc, 
-a, /.; (4) rciocAineACc, -a, /.; 
(5) oijutHAn, -rhéme, /. 

Avaricious, a., greedy of gain, (1) 
r AmnceAC, -cije ; (2) r auucac, 
-Aije : it is usual for the avari- 
cious to be in want, ir gnAt 
fAnncAó 1 jUACCAnAf (prov.) ; (3) 
0ifufi1.An.Ao, -Aije. 

Avaunt, inter j., begone, depart, 
initio ! (go !) PÁ5 mo nAt)Anc I 
ipÁ£ m' AtiiA^c (Mayo), (out of 
my sight !) ; cum beAtAij ! cum 
fiubAil ! bi An fiubAt ! bAiUj 
teAC ! (be off !). 

Ave ! inter j., Áibe ! 50 mbeAnnuig- 
ceAn "ÓU1C. 

Ave Maria, a salutation and prayer 
to the Virgin Mary, aw ÍOeAnnACA'ó 
ITiuine, P-AUce An AmgH. 

Avenage, n., cior coince. 

Avenge, v.t., to take vengeance for, 
tjÍojaLauti, -jAitx : he will a. 
the blood of his servants, 'oíg- 
eóturg -puil. a feinbífeAó (Deut. 
32, 43) ; "oéAUAim "oíojAtcAf : 
thou shalt not a., ní "óéAn-pAró 
cú "oíojAtcAf (Lev. 19, 18). 

Avenger, n., one who avenges, 
t)Í05Atcóin, -ónA, -ní, m. 

Avenging, n., (1) inflicting ven- 
geance, "oiojAitu, -e, /.; (2) 
retributive punishment, "0105- 

AtXAf, -A1f , m. 

Avens, n., the herb Bennet (Bot., 
geum urbanus), mACAt, -ah, m., 
and mACAt pA'óAin (common), 

mACAt coitle (wood), itiacaL 
uifge (water). 

Avenue, n., a way of approach or 
exit, (1) cuitbeAtAc, -A15, m. 
(T. C. and 0' Beg ) ; (2) bóúAn, 
-Ain, -óit|\e, m.; rtrje, g. id., 
pi. -$te, /..; clAtfirA, g. id., pi. 
-aí, m.; cAtfifA, m. (Don.). 

Aver, v.t., to affirm with confidence, 
*oo "oeutiniujAt) ; x)'ponA"ó ; *oo 

Average, n., a mean proportion, 
comtnom, -tnuim, m. ; the aver- 
age price, aw Uiac jnÁtAó ; the 
average amount, An méro ^uacac. 

Averment, n., positive assertion, 
(1) "oeimniujAX), -ijte, m.; (2) 
•oeAnbujAt), -uijt, m. 

Average, a., of a mean size, quality, 
etc., meAx>ówAc, -Ai$e ; average 
number, uimin tneA'óónAó. 

Average, v.t., to reduce to a mean, 
meA'óónuijim, -ujat). 

Averred, a., affirmed, "oeitfmijte. 

Averring, n., the act of affirming 
positively, ■oenfmiujA'O, -i$te, m. 

Aversion, n., antipathy, -puAt, -a,. 
m.; unjnÁm, -e, /.; mícóúit, -e, /. 

Averse, a., disinclined, reluctant, 
1 n-AjAró ; 1 jcomne. 

Avert, v.t., to ward off, iompuit;im, 
-pó'ó and -ujAt) : to avert God's 
judgment by timely repentance, 
bneiteAmnAf T)é "o'iompóx) te 
TiAitfUje tnÁúArriAit (O'Beg.). 

Averted, a., turned away, cuntA 
A|A 5cút nó lompuijte. 

Averting, n., the act of turning 
away, A5 cun Angcút; lompót), 
-uijte, m. 

Aviary, n., a bird house, éAWAT>Áw f 
-Ám, m. (G. D.) ; éAnlAnn, 
-Amne, -a, /. 

Avidity, n., strong appetite, great 
desire, (1) ciocfVAr, -Air, m.; (2) 
miAnT>úil,, -e, /.; (3) Anxiúit ; (4) 
miAnguf, -uif, m. 


( 127 ) 


Avocation, n., usual employment 
or calling, céAjvo, -éijvoe, /. ; 

5-d1f\tn, -Af\mA, /. 

Avocet, n. (Ornith., recurvirostra 
avocetta), ceAjxfjob, -jjtnb, m., 
from ceAj\n, crooked. 

Avoid, v.t., to keep clear of or 
away from, abstain from, shun, 
try not to meet, reAcnAim, -tiat>, 
-caitic, imper. -caw : avoid the 
mountains, reACAin ua ftéibce ; 
to avoid, t>o feAcnAt) nó *oo 
f eACAWc nó "oo $AbÁit tAi-mf ; 
do not avoid and do not pro- 
voke a -fight, tia reACAin if ha 
bA^Aif cac ; he is a poor beggar 
who cannot avoid or shun one 
house, if olc a' bACAó uac *oo5 
teir C015 AtriÁin a feAcnAt) (Or. 
prqv., II. M. 630). 

Avoid, interj., feACAm ! €AbAij\ Aij\e 
*óuic péin ! 

Avoidable, a., (1) capable of being 
shunned, fofeACAntA. 

(2) That ought to be avoided, 

Avoided, a., shunned, reACAncA. 

Avoiding, n., shunning, keeping 
clear of, (1) feACtiA-o, -Caxk:a, m.; 
(2) feACAinr, -cahca, m.; (3) 
lomjAbÁii, -aLa, /. : (4) idiom : 
I have no means of avoiding 
it, ni't Aon CA01 Af A^Am ; ni't 
"out tAi|\if (nó uavo) A^Am. 

Avoiding, a., tending to shun, 
y eACdnuAc, -Ai£e ; r eActiAc, -Ait;e. 

Avoidless, a., -ooifeACAncA. 

Avoirdupois, n., weight, oifurieA'ó- 
CAnn, -Ainn, m. [I found this 
word written in an excellent 
hand in my copy of Thady 
Connellan's English-Irish Dic- 
tionary at the foot of page 8. 
The writing is said to be that 
of Eugene O'Curry.] 

Avouch, v.t., to maintain as true, 
"oenrmijim, -iu^aí) ; t)eAf\b 11151111, 

-u£At> ; x)|\onAim (0' R.) ; a"o- 
rhuijim, -rhÁit. 

Avouched, a., declared to be true, 

Avoucher, n., one who avouches. 
•oeirhni5teói|\, -ó^a, -j\í, m.: Virgil 
makes iEneas a bold avoucher of 
his own virtues, -00-5111 thf^it 
Aontjur n-A "oeittinijceoin t)ÁnA 
aj\ a f ubÁitcíb péiru 

Avow, v.t., to own or acknowledge 
frankly, A-Oiiiuijnn, -riiÁit. 

Avowable, a., capable of being 
or fit to be avowed, lonA-orhÁtCA. 

Avowal, n., a frank acknowledg- 
ment, AT)rhÁiL, -ÁIa, /. 

Await, v.t., to wait for, (1) pAUAim, 
-AifiAm ; -pAUAóc ; pAnAtfiAvnc 
(M.) ; pAnAó (U.), followed by 
te ; (2) peitim, -teArh, also fol- 
lowed by te : I was awaiting 
you, biof A5 peiteAtfi teAc; A5 
peiteArii A|\, means waiting on ; 

(3) -ptujMjpm, -|\eAc. 
Awaiting, n., the act of waiting 

for, (1) A5 peiteAtri te ; (2) A5 
■pAUAtriAin te : (3) A5 bfVAt, with 
aja : every man has his own 
bad luck awaiting him, bionn 

A itlí-Át) péttí A5 bfAt A]\ $aC 

-ouine (17. prov., H. M. 409); 

(4) (p)u|\nAróe, g. id. m.; (5) 
fCAnn^Án, -aw, m. (Or.) ; (6) 
1 n-oif\citt : awaiting his de- 
capitation, 1 n-oi|\citt a t)it- 
CeAuncA ; (7) a$ puif\eAcc te ; 
(8) puifeAc, -CA, m. 

Awake, v.t., to rouse from sleep, 
(1) •otnpjim, v.n. -reAóc and 
-úf^At) : "oo "óúifjeA'OAn é, they 
awoke him (Matt. 9, 25) ; (2) 
mu-pstAim, ~5Aitu : murjAit x>o 
rintweAc, a "ÓAnbA, awake your 
courage, Banba ! 

Awake, v.i. (see Awake, v.t.), (1) 
I awoke and jumped up, "oo 
•óúip^eAf -1 p|\eAbAf Am' furoe ; 


( 128 ) 


(2) awake to righteousness and 
sin not, mupgUnt) cum -pipéAnc- 
acca -] nÁ *oéAnAit) pe&c&t) (1 Cor. 
15, 34). 

Awake, a., not sleeping, roused 
from sleep, *oúiri5teAó : cÁim 
im "óútf eAóc, €Áim 1 tno mupsAitc, 
I am awake ; he is awake, cá 
■pé r\-A *óúipeAcc. 

Awaked, a., roused from sleep, 
•oúptnjte, *oúf5CA, *oúipi5te. 

Awaken. See Awake. 

Awakening, awaking, *omy eAcc, -a, 
/.; •oupgAT), -gtA, m.; mupgAitc, 
-e, /.; mufsUvo, -gAitce, m. 

Awalking, a., walking or on a 
walk, aj\ piubAl. 

Award, the decision of arbitrators, 
(1) bj\eAt, g. -eite, /.; (2) bpeit, 
-e, /.; (3) motA"ó, -Lca, m. ; an 
award made by two persons in 
a disputed case, tnouvó beijvce. 

Award, v.t., (1) to adjust, x>o bjieit ; 
•oo tAt)Aiftc bpeite ; "oo bj\eiú 

(2) To assign after careful 
consideration, t>o bponnAt) (Or.). 

Aware, a., cognizant : I am aware, 
uá -por AgAm, if popAc *oait> ; 
if p eAf ac mé (Don.) ; ip jreAf 
-oAtn ; I am well aware, ip mAit 
acá piop a^aiti ; she tasted it 
before she was aware, btAp -pi é 

f Ut A T>CU5 fí ^Á TTOeAfVA é. 

Away, «//., (1) hence, from a 
place, A|\ pmbAt : and sent her 
away, -| t>o cuij\ ajv rmbAL í (Gen. 
21, 1 ) ; away he ran, at- 50 
bjiÁt teif ; cum pnibAiL teir 
(Con. and M.) ; AmAc 50 bpÁt 
teip (M. and Mea.) ; aidac 
50 r íomuitóe teip (Or.) ; you 
did not remain long enough 
away to be welcomed back, 
caj\ f An €ti pAilL nA pÁitue 
Atntnj (Or.) ; he shall not go away 
with it so, ní imteócAró pé teip 

mA|\ fin ; away they went, 
Tj'ÁjvouigeA'OAfv teó ; when the 
cat is away the mice dance, 
nuAif\ a bionn An cac Amuij 
bionn nA Uica A5 mnnce. 

(2) At a distance, far away, 
(a) 1 n-imciAn ; (b) 1 n-imcém ; 

(c) 1 gcéin nó 1 n-imi^céw : caji 
ua rleibtib A^uf AbpAT> 1 seem, 
over the hills and far away ; (d) 
a bpAt) ó bAite : cows far away 
have long horns, uá a*óaj\ca ^a-oa 
ajv nA buAib a bpyo ó bAite ; (e) 
tAp teAp : ir bpeÁj Op móp- 

tA1"ÓbfeAC) 1AT> AT>ApCA T1A mbÓ 

tAf\ teA^. 

(3) Aside, in another direction, 
off, (a) A-p 5CÚI : some were put 
away, "oo cuipeA"ó cui"o aca a|\ 
5Cút ; (b) tApc, used imperson- 
ally : let it or him pass away, 
teig tAj\c é ; he let him off, 
tei5 r é teip (M.) ; 1615 r é aj\ 
pmbAt é (Don.) ; (c) reACAT) ; 

(d) away with that, caic rm uaic ; 
also cuip uaiu (nó caic uaic) 
é fin. 

(4) Out of existence, tApc, 
used impersonally : time will pass 
away, imteócAró An Airrrpip tApc; 
heaven and earth shall pass 
away but My word shall not 
pass away, -pACAit) neArh -j cAtAm 

CApC ACC ní pACA1*Ó TTIo bpiAtpA- 
pA tA|\c (Mark 13, 31), (P. L.). 
To go away, -o'imúeAcc ; to steal 
away, T)'6Atót) ; to run a,ivay, x>o 
úeiceAt) ; I will away, miteócAT). 

(5) Go away! begone I (a) a? 
mo tÁtAifi ! ; (b) Ay mo fVA'OApc ! ; 
also Af m 'Am Ape (Mayo) ; (c) 
aj\ fiubAt teAc ! ; (d) imtij 
teAC ! ; (e) bAit.15 teAc I ; (/) 
imti$ pomAT: I ; (g) ctim beAtAig!; 
(h) cum ruibAit I '. and the Lord 
said .... away, get thee down 
Agup a "oubAipc An UijeApnA 


( 129 ) 


.... imci$ j\omAc, ei|M$ fior 
(céit) rior), (Exod. 19, 24) ; 
f 1ÚT) caU, An bocÁfi Aguf buAiL é, 
yonder is the road and be off ; 
-pAoro LeAC (tTI. t).) ; cj\oc LeAC. 
Awe, n., great fear mixed with 
respect or reverence, (1) tiAtbÁf , 
-Áif , m.; (2) néAtíiAHAcc, -a, /. : 

ní tlOCpAlt) TléArilA^VACC A|\íf tHf\C1 

she will not be awe-stricken 
again ; (3) cmceAgtA, gen. id. /.; 
(4) tiAttiAn, -aw, m. (c/. W. ofn, 
fear, awe ; Corn, own ; Bret, 
aoun) ; (5) uAmnAi$;e, g. id. /.; 

(6) -p5ÁCtYlA1J\eACC, -a, /. 

Awe, v.t., (1) tiAirhnij;im, -itigA'ó ; 

(2) imeAgLtngitn, -uJa'ó. 
Awed, a., appalled, cA^Lingce, 

Awestricken, a., struck with awe, 

Awful, a., inspiring awe, (1) uac- 

bAr ac, -Aige ; (2) uAicbéALcA ; 

(3) imeA^LAc, -Aige ; (4) AT)bAL 
(G. D.) ; (5) ca|\ nieA'óón. 

Awful (of screaming), a., ^AibceAC, 

Awfully, ad., in an awful manner, 

50 tlUACbÁfAÓ. 

Awfidly vast, a., LÁnAróbéiLeAó. 

Awfulness, n., the quality of 
striking awe, (1) uacbArACc, -a, 
/.; (2) uAitbéALcAf, -Aif , m.; (3) 

UAttiriAÓC, -a, /. 

Awhile, ad., (1) for a short time, 50 
■póiLL : wait awhile, pAn 50 -póiLL 
(M.) ; do not go yet awhile, 
nÁ nimag 50 póiLL (M.), ha nimcig 
pór (M.) ; that he wished to 
rest awhile, gun miAn Leir Ltn$e 
Cum fUAin 50 póiLL (D. A. 194) ; 
a little while, póiLLín ; (2) Le 
caítiaLL ; (3) Le r eAL ; (4) aj\ 

peAt) CA1TIA1LL. 

Awkward, a., (1) wanting in dex- 
terity in the use of the hands, 
left-handed, (a) cuacaLIac, -Aije 

(W. Lim.), cuAiceALAC , -Aitje 
CUA1C1L ; (b) C10CAÓ, -Arc;e, C10CÓ5- 
ac, -Aije ; (c) cLé. 

(2) Wanting in skill, (a) mio- 
rcuAnrOA, ind.; (b) Auroeif, -e. 

(3) Clumsy, slovenly, ungrace- 
ful, unmanageable, (a) LiobAfuiAc 
-Aije ; (b) f Lap ac, -Aije ; (c) 
fLAopAc, -Aige ; (d) LibroeAC, 
-T)i5e ; (e) LiobAfCA (Don.) ; (/) 
Luajvóa, ind. ; (g) LtTOj^mAo 

Aivkward person, (1) bAiLLp éAf\, 
-ét|A, -einí, m. : the awkward 
man and his servant are equal 
if loriAnn Le céiLe ah bAiLLpéAn 
if a 510LLA ; (2) ^Aimre, g. id., 
pi. -pi, m.; (3) Lerobin, g. -ioL, 
2^i. -ní, m. (W. Zim.) ; (4) 
rcAtnbÁn, -Áin, Hi. (Or.) ; (5) 
fStuiiLe, ,9. iíí., pi. -Li, m.; (6) 
■pAíriA'ó, m. : -fVAtriAt) pp, tnnÁ, 
bó no cAojAAc, an awkward man, 
woman, cow, sheep. 

Awkward, untidy person, (1) 
ffuiuniLe, 9- id., pi. -ti, m.; (2) 
flApAi|\e, g. id., pi. -pi, in.; (3) 
fc^AoiLle, g. id., pi. -Li, m.; (4) 
5uti5Ai|\e, gf. id-., pi. -|\i, m.; (5) 
Leibroe, g. id., pi. -xri, m. : A^ur 
Leibroi LtiAice A5 pA>;ÁiL buACAip 
if 5|AA*OAim Via n-Aic, and boobies 
from the ash-pit getting wealth 
and esteem in their place ; (6) 
one who paws and besmears 
everything, c^A^Ai^e, g. id., pi. 
-pi, m. ; (7) bpeALLfún, -úm, 
m. (M.) ; (8) ctiACAtLÁn, -Am, 
m.; (9 ctAbrcAp, -Aip, m.; (10) 
cLAbcA, g. id. m. In M. a big 
awkward dirty lump of a person 
is called ^a-oaLLac, -A15, m.; in 
Aran Lu-opAtnÁn, -Ám, m., and 
in Mayo LiúT>fiAtnÁn, -Am, m. 

Awkward, untidy system of 
working, (1) f|unmiLeÁiL, -Ma, 
f. : biotm |\ac Afv An cf |\inmileÁiL 


( 130 ) 


1 cLATin AgAn AmA-oÁn (M. prov.); 

(2) úcAmÁH, -áIa, /.; (3) gpif- 
peÁil, -e(c/. Fr ; gaucherie,Uó|\nA). 
(4) úCAmÁil, -Át a, /. 

Awkward woman, n., cuacój, 

-óige, -a, /.; a dowdy woman. 

ftroos, /.; fArivoós, /. (Don.). 
Awkwardly, ad., in an awkward 

manner, 50 miofcuAmA, 50 mio- 

Awkwardness, n., the condition or 

quality of being awkward, (1) 

miot.dp.Acc, -a, /., (2) Ainoeif e, g. 

id. /.; (3) -ptApAcc, -a, /.; (3) 

CÚCJA1L, -e, /./ (5) CUAtAttACC, 

-a, /.; (6) líobóroeAcc, -a, /.; (7) 
miofCtiAim, -auia, /. 
Awl, n., a pointed instrument used 
by shoemakers, harness makers, 
etc., (1) meAnA-o, gen. -avo, pi. 
-Aróe, m. (c/. W. mynawyd) ; (2) 
meATiAice, gen. id., pi. -ti (M. 
and Or.) : little awls and big 
awls, meAnnAici caoIa *] meAnAiti 

|\Arh|\A (M.), C/. fnÁCAT) f\ATflAf\ 

(fnACAO rhó|\, Don.), a big needle; 
there were only a priest and the 
cobbler but the awl was stolen, 

cÁ jAAib Ann ACC fA^AfXC 'f AX\ 
5|\éAf uit)e aCc ^oTOeAt) An meAn- 
Aite (Or. prov.). 
Awn, n., the beard of barley, oats, 
grasses, etc., arista, (1) col$, g. 
ctnt.5, m.; (2) C|\ocAt, -Ail, m.; 

(3) péAfós, -óige, -a, /. 
Awning, n., a roof-like shelter 

from sun, rain or wind, fgÁitleÁn, 
-Áw, m. (G. D.). 
Awoke, imp. of Awake, "otnnste, 

T)0 rilUfgAlt lACOb Af A CO'OlA'O, 

Jacob awoke from his sleep. 
Awry, a., (1) ctAon, -owe ; (2) 
fCAon, -ome ; (3) cAm, -Aime : 
the heel of my shoe is going 
awry, cá fÁt mo bfóige a$ 
miceAóc CAm ; (4) fiAf , g. s. f. 

f éif\e ; (5) cuAf , -Aife (c/. L.- 
Axe, n., a tool for chopping and 
splitting wood, (1) cua§, -Aije, pi. 
-a, and -AnnA, /. : that is taking 
the axe out of the carpenter's 
hands, fin bAinc nA cuAije 
Af lÁirn An cfAoi|\ (Í7. prov., 
H. M. 1006) ; (2) biAH, -e, and 
beAtA, pi. -U, /.; (3) cooper's 
axe, cÁt, -Á1I, in.; (4) battle- 
axe, cnAj-CAtA ; (5) pickaxe, 
piocóro, -e, -1, /. 

Axilla, n., the armpit, Af^Atl' 
-Aitle, /.; poll nA iiAfjAille. 

Axillary, a., of or pertaining to 
the armpit, Af$AtlAc. 

Axiom, n,. a self-evident truth, 

(1) T)eAfibAnn, -Ainn, m. (P. S.) ; 

(2) •oeifAbgniom, -a, m.; (3) gnÁí- 
frocAt, -ah, m.; (4) foitéiffe r 
g. id., pi. -p, /. 

Axis, n., a straight line through 
the centre of a body, Air (K., 
M.); Awn,, -fte, -fti, /. (Sc). 

Axle, (1) Cf\AnniomcAj\, -Aif , m. ; 

(2) ACAfcói|\, m.; (3) mul, gen. 
mint, pi. -a, m.; of a bicycle, 
■peA|\fATO, -e, -1, /. 

Ay, ) always, ever, 50 bfiÁt, 50- 
Aye, í T>eó, "oo fiof . 

Ay, ) ad. or mi., yes, yea, feA-o,. 

Aye, > mA|\ rm ; the ayes, luce 

An AoncA ; the noes, tuúc Art 


Azalea, s. (Bot., azalea procum- 

bens), tuf au AtbAUAij. 
Azure, a., sky blue, (1) liAtjojvm,. 

-$ui|\me; (2) stAfsoftn, -gintwie; 

(3) $of mgtAf ; (4) fpéi^o^m ; 
(5) bÁn$of m ; (6) o^A^lAf " r 
■ppéif5tAf , -$tAif e ; f eAfb^At ; 
néAmA|\Aó, -Aije (azure blue). 

Azyme, unleavened bread, n., a^au 
ftim (O'Beg.). 


( 131 ) 


B, beit, the beech tree, the second 
letter of the Irish alphabet. 
Etymologically b is closely re- 
lated to p, -p and tn. It eclipses 
p and p, and is itself eclipsed 
by m. 

Baa, v.i., to bleat as a sheep, 
tnerotrgini, -LeAC. 

Baa, n., the bleating of a sheep, 
méróteAc, -Uge, -a, f. : a lamb 
teaching his mother to bleat, 
uAn A5 tnúmeAt) méróUje T)'a 


Baal (the pagan god of the Phoeni- 
cians andCanaanites), t)eÁt, gen. 
t)eÁit, m. 

Babble, v.i., steóirim, -fe-át) ; 51^5- 
nAim, -At). 

Babble, n., (1) idle talk, CAbAineAcc, 
-a, [.; clAbAineAcc, /.; bneAfAin- 
eAcc, -a, /. ; (2) too much talk, 
r íoncAmnc, -e, /. ; (3) a con- 
tinuous murmur, as of a brook, 
(a) glAocAn, -Ain, m.; (b) gtipro, 
-e, /•; (c) steóif, -e, /. 

Babbler, n., an idle talker, (1) 
cAbAine, gen. id., pi. -ni, m.; (2) 
clAbAine, m.; (3) gtApAine, m. 
(noisy) ; (4) gtAmAine, m.; (5) 
cAtptnne, m.; (6) bneAfAine, m.; 
(7) gLeA'OAine, m. (prater) ; (8) 
■píonóAmnceAc, -05, m. : the 
babbler is no better, ní reAnn 
An rioncAmnceAC (Eccles. 10, 11); 
(9) ^tiogAine, m.; (10) sUorAine, 
m. (prattler); (11) rsAjvoAine, 
m. (thoughtless) ; (12) stAgAine, 
m.; (13) ctAbnAóÁn, -Ám, m. ; 
(14) bniorgtónuróe, g. id., pi. 
-•óce, m. ; (15) ceotÁn, -Ám, m, 
(worthless); (16) stleóífín (chat- 
terer), g. id., pi. -ni, mi; béAt jati 


Babbling, n., the act of talking 
idly, cAbjAit, -e, /. ; siAjMin- 
eAcc, -a, /. (noisy). See Bab- 
ble, n. 

Babbling, a., given to talking idly, 
cAbAó, -Aij;e ; béAtjAc, -Ait;e ; 
b|\iof5tó|\Ac, -Aije. 

Babe, > an infant, a young child, 

Baby, J (1) leAnb, g. and pZ. 
lemb, m.; (2) leAnbÁn, -Ám, m.; 
(3) nAoróe, g. id. and -An, m. 
and /.; (4) nAoróeAnÁn, g. and 
pi. -Am, mi; (5) nAoróeAn, g. 
and pi. -in, m.; (6) bÁb, -Áibe, 
-ÁibeAóA, /.; (7) bÁbÁn, -Ám, m. 
(c/. W. baban and maban) ; (8) 
mnteós, -óige, -054, /.; (9) ^Án- 
tAó, -ai§, -Aige, m. ; (10) ^ÁntAó 
•oeAns (new-born b.) ; (11) bunóc, 
-óic (very young) ; (12) béic- 
eAóÁn (constantly crying) ; (13) 
bÁbóg, -óige, -a, /. (a doll). 

Bacchant, n., a priest of Bacchus, 
a drunken reveller, bACAine, gen. 
id., pi. -ni, m., from bAc, drunken- 
ness, which comes from Bacchus. 

Bacchante, n., a priestess of Bac- 
chus, a female bacchanal, bAóó^, 
-óige, -05A, /. 

Bachelor, n., a man who has not 
married, (1) bAicreléAn, -téin, 
m.; (2) bAicleóin, -ó|\a, -ní, m. 
(Or.) ; (3) ógÁnAó, -A15, m.; (4) 
f eAf^Aine, m. (Don.) ; (5) buAó- 
Aitt 05; (6) unnAtAin, m. (Don.); 
(7) Anpot, m. ; (8) peAn T>íorh- 
Aom ; (9) feAf^Án, -Ám, w.; (10) 
■pteAf^Ac, -A15, -Aije, m. (Con.) ; 
(11) feAf^ÁnAó, -A15, m. ; (12) 
•óíotArhnAc, -A15, -Ai£e, m. 

Bachelorhood, w., the state or 
condition of being a bachelor, 
reAr^AineAcc, -a, /. 

Bachelor's button, n. (Bot.), a 
plant with flowers shaped like 
buttons, such as the ranunculus, 
cantaurea cyanus, and gom- 
phrena, pionnf^ot, -oca, m. 

Back, (1) from the nape of the 
neck to the end of the spine ; 
an extended raised surface, a 


( 1 




a mountain, top or upward part, 
ridge, hill, *ofunm, g. T>j\omA, pi. 
■o^omAnnA, m ; also declined 
•OjvorTi, #ew.. -a, dat. T>fiuim, pi. 
T)j\omAnnA : b. to b., T>j\uim Ap 
t)|Miim ; to turn one's b. on 
one, "o'lompoT) a 'ófiomA te 
Tnune ; he hasn't a shirt to 
his b., ní't téme Aige te cuj\ 
aj\ a t)|\utm. 

(2) The part opposed to the 
front, the hind part of a thing, 
as the b. of the head, the poll, 
the b. part of a cutting instru- 
ment as opposed to the edge, 
cút, g. -úit, pi. -a, m. : the b. 
of the house, cut An ci$e ; b. to 
the wind and front or face to 
the heat, cut te 5A01C ~j 4§ató 
te ce^f ; cut mo tÁnfie te^c, the 
back of my hand to you .1. I 
shall have no further dealings 
with you, I give you up as a bad 
case (Or.). 

(3) That part of the back 
close to the neck, mum, -e, -i, 
/. (cf. W. mwn ; Skr. manya, 
neck ; L. monile, necklace) : on 
the b. of the horse, aw mum aw 
cApAitt ; aw mum, on the b. or 
neck of ; (cf. muméAt, neck) ; 
on the pig's b. .1. in luck, aw 
mum wa mmce. 

Back, a. and ad., (1) distant, re- 
mote, being in the rear or at 
the back, riAj\ : though far b. 
from the battle he stood, gé'tt 
b'-pA^A fiA|\ é ó'n n^teic (Oss. IV. 
112) ; (2) being overdue, in 
arrear, fiAf : you are b. this 
time, .1. in arrear, cÁif\ aw aii 
T)CAoit) tiAf An uai|\ feo ; (3) 
moving or operating backward, 

A$ "Otlt f1A|\. 

Back, v.t.y to drive or force back- 
ward, cutAun, v.n. cut : b. the 
horse, cut aii cApAtt ; b. the 

boat you lubbers, cutAro aw 

bAX) A tlOOAfWAIje. 

Back, v.i., fiA|\ teAc. 

Back, ad, (1) in, to, or towards 

the rear, 1 gcut, pA cut, aw ^cút, 

cum cínt. 

(2) To the place from which 
a person or thing came, (á) aw Áif : 
going b., -out aw Aif ; he looked 
b., -o'féAc ré tA|\ n-Air ; on 
their coming b., aw ptteAt) aw 
Aif *oóib ; (b) 005 fiAf\ An bótA^ 
said to a person to whom one 
wishes to convey that his journey 
is useless .1. that he will not get 
what he wants (M.O'D.) ; nÁj\ 
tÁwtA t)uic pitteAT), may you 
never come back (Ori) 

(3) In one's own possession, 
fiA|\ : to keep b. money or the 
truth, AifvgeAT) nó An pnmne x)o 
coimeÁT) fiA|\ (t)o ceitc). 

(4) In a state of restraint 
or hindrance, *oo cou^dato aw 
UijeAf\nA ó onóifi tú, the Lord 
hath kept thee b. from honour 
(Numb. 24, 11). 

Back and forth, backwards 
and forwards, to and fro, riA^ 
A^ur AniA|\. 

Back-ache, n., cmneAr-T>nomA. 

Backband, n. (in harness), (1) wém- 
teAc, -C15, m. (M.) ; "o^omAn, g. 
and pi. -Am, m. (Or.) ; vwomAc, 
-ai$, -Aije, m. ; "OfomAroe 
(Mayo and Don.) ; buAj\ACT)f\omA 
(Mayo) ; T)j\omAcAn, m.; C|\ó- 
mÁn, m. ; bAicT)ei|Ae (Gal.) ; 
eimr, -e, -1, /. (Con.) ; r^eAns, 
-emge, -a, /. (Tyr.). 

Backbite, v.t., to censure or revile 
the absent, (1) cútcÁmim, -neA"ó; 
(2) cúit5eAf\|\Aim, -At) ; (3) cút- 
rhAftuigim, -ujat). 

Backbiter, n., a secret calumniator, 

(1) cútcÁmceói|\, -ójva, -fí, m.; 

(2) cútmAftuijteóif, w. ; (3) 





cúilgeAfjvcót^, m. ; (4) itiom- 
-pÁi'óueAc, -05, m.; (5) pi. tucc 
An itiomf\Át) (Rom. 1, 30). 

Backbiting, n., (1) detraction, se- 
cret slander, (a) cúLCAmnc, -ce, 
-ueAnnA, /. ; (0) cúlrhAftA, gen. 
id. m.; (c) biAT>Án, -Ám, m.; (d) 
iciomnÁt), -nÁró, -jvÁróce, m. 
(Con.) ; (e) monAbAn, -Ain, m. : 
the sin of b., peACAt) An monAbAif\ 
(P. £.). 

(2) The act of secretly slander- 
ing, (a) cútcÁmeAt), -nee, m.; (&) 
cutmAfLu^A-o, -ttngte, m. ; (c) 
cúitjeAjtfuvó, -|aca, m. 

Backbiting;, a., given to secret 
slander, biAT)ÁnAc, -Aij;e, iciom- 
f\ÁróceAC, -cige : a b. tongue, 
ueAn^A 1. (Prov. 25, 23). 

Backbone, n., the spine, cnÁm An 
■ojtomA : hard by the b.b., LÁim 
leif An 5cnÁirh T>f\omA (Let?. 
3, 9) ; "o^omlAc, -A15, m.; pof\A*ó, 
-att>, -Aróe, m.; to the b.b., 50 
*oci An curhAt btiroe (Der.). 

Back-door, n., a door in the back 
of a house and hence an indirect 
way, T)Oj\Af cult (Don.), cnt*oo|VAf, 

-U1f, m. (cf. Aj\ CÚL An T)0|Uí1f, 

behirid the door); *oofAf iat)ca 
(M. and Con.): T>of\Af *ojuiroce 

Back-burden, n., cfuvoAn, -Ám, m.; 
cujvoÁn (Don.) ; ciAfvpÁn, -Ám, 
m. ; tiAlAc "oiAoniA, 

Backed, a., strengthened by having 
a back, (1) neApcmjte, ind.; (2) 
c'uroigce, ind.; (3) cACAigte, ind. 

Backer, n., one who backs a person 
or thing in a contest, peAj\ cult, 
g. pij\ cult, m. (cf. standing 
" cool " or looking on at a 
game but ready to take part 
if necessary). 

Backgammon, n., a game of chance 
and skill played on a board with 
24 spaces, beAfic^Ac, -A15, -Aije, 

m.; CÁiptif, -e, /. : b. being 
played, cÁiptif *o'á mbfveACAt) 
(Raft) ; €ÁibLéifS -e, /. 

Backgammon-board, n., a board 
for playing backgammon, clÁjt 

Back-garden, n., cúitín, gen. id., 
pi. -Í, m. 

Back-hair, cniUn, g. id., pi. -i, m. 

Back-house, n., a building behind 
the main building, ctutueAo, gen. 
-o§e, dot. -U15, pi. -ogte, m. 

Backing (support), n., cutxACAt), 
-Ait), m.; ostentation with noth- 
ing to back it, ei|\ge 1 n-Áijvoe 
£ax\ cu|\ teif ; a. (propping, sus- 
taining), ufifAc (Or.). 

Back-load, n., cj\A > oiiAtAC, -ai£, 
m.; ciA|\pA, gen. id. m. 

Back-room, n., cúitcreómfiA, gr. 
id., pi. -AÍ, m. 

Backside, n., the posteriors or 
rump, (1) con, g. -a, pi. -uca, 
dat. -óm, /.; (2) ciA|\pA, g. id., 
pi. -AÍ, m.; (3) ciAf\pÁn, -Ám, 
m. (hip). 

Backslide, v.i., to slide back, to 
fall away, esp. from one's re- 
ligion, cíntfLeAtrm 11151m, -u^At). 

Backslider, n., one who back- 
slides, (1) cúitfleAmningteóiii, 
-óf\A, -jú", m. ; (2) 5eA|\|Aciim- 
AmneAc, -mj, m. : the b. in 
heart shall be filled with his 
own ways, tíonpAi , óeAj\ te w-a 
ftigcib -pern ah 5eAf|tcnmAinneAó 
1 scfioroe (Prov. 14, 14). 

Backsliding, n., abandonment of 
faith or duty, (1) fteArimujAtx 
-piAjA (Hos. 11, 7) ; (2) CÚ1I- 

• fteAmntigAt), -mjte, m.; (3) 
fteArimnjAt) tA|\ n-Aif ; (4) T>ut 
A|\ Aif (p/ier. 5, 6) ; (5) mio- 
comjeAtt, -51IX, pi. id. and -a, m.; 
(Jer. 8, 5) : our backslidings are 
many, ir iomAT)AmAiL Áj\ mio- 
ComjeáUA (Jer. 14, 8). 


( 134 ) 


Backsliding, a., fulling back into 
error or neglect of duty, (1) 
rniocoint;eAltAc, -Aije : return, 
O ! b. children, pttró a ctAnn 
iníoComt;eAttAc (Jer. 3, 14) ; 
(2) neitiTóiongriiÁtcA : Oh ! b. 
daughter, a mjedn rt. (Jer. 
31, 32). 

Back-stairs, n.\ cút-rcAigne, m. 

Back-street, n., a street away 
from the main thoroughfares, 
cútcrttÁro, -e, -ednnd, /. 

Back-stroke, n., pfuotbmtte, g. id., 
pi. -ti, m.; lAnbmtte, m. 

Back-tooth, n., (1) cmlpACAl, -Ait, 
?/l; (2) ctntpdCAit, -e, -ctA, /. : 
in spite of his b.t., T)'Ainróeóin 

A Cvtll-pACAt. 

Backward, a., (1) to the back or 
rear, piAn ; (2) remote, ia\^- 
ciUua, ind. : a b. place, lAngctnt 

. -e, -eACA, /.; (3) shy, p^iceAc, 
-cit;e (Don.) ; pAicce^rdc, -Aij;e, 
also -pexvoAncA, i>ui. (Or.), 
coch$ac, -dije (Don.) ; (4) hesi- 
tating, unwilling, loath, nedtfi- 
óoitcedtidó, -Aige ; (5) dull, inapt, 
(a) triAtt, -Aitte ; (b) cuaicii ; 
(G) averse, reluctant, unwilling, 
LetfSeArhAit, -tiiu. 

Backward, ad., (1) towards the 

back or rear, (a) pi An ; (b) Ap 

gcOt^ 1 TroiAro ctnt ; (c) rÁ cút : 

Oing backwards and forwards, 

X)tlt A]\ A CÚt 1 A]\ A AjgAVÓ ; (d) 

they went b. (i) -co ctiAT)Af 1 
troidro a ^cinl (Gen. 9, 23), (ii) 

1)() CUd'Odfl A\K A SCÚI (J()hn 

18, 6) ; (e) ^|\ Aip : let I he 
shadow return l>., pittedt) ad 
P5dite /]\ dif (2 King* 20, 1<)).« 

(2) I'']')!!! a gOOd stale to a, had, 

• >( úi : thou h;i-t forsaken 
me Baith the Lord, thou hasl 

Ik, XX) t$éX$ rú rtltfe, 

A1)C]]\ dtl ClJedjWd, 7j() (' IMH') 

r u df >< lit <-h r. 15, 6). 

Backwardness, n., (1) remoteness, 
lApscutcAcc, -a, /.; (2) shyness, 
rAicceAf, -cir , wi. (Don.) ; 
couujAt), -tngte, m. (£7.) ; (3) 
reluctance, unwillingness, teifge, 
g. id. f. : many a man would 
be drunk but for reluctance to 
pay, if ionróA reAn tteAT) a\\ 
meifge acc te leif^e a oeit az; 

T)ÍOt df. 

Backwater, n., water turned back 
by an obstruction, cAife cult. 

Backwater, v.i., to row backward, 
cútAim, v.n. cút ; cúluró dn 
cunndc (TT1. t).). 

Backwater ! to boatman, cut ! 
cut av\ X)AX> ; cútArú (pi.). 

Bacon, n., (1) the back and sides 
of a pig salted and smoked, 
bdgún, -úm, m.; (2) fditt, -e, 
-ce, /. : to save one's bacon .1. 
to save one's self from harm 
or loss, cedec Af gAn "oocAn. 

Bad, a., evil, hurtful, painful, in- 
jurious, offensive, inconvenient, 
unfavourable, imperfect, (1) otc, 
comp. meAfd, sup. if meAfA ; 
mif ce somet. = meAfA : I am the 
worse for that, if mifce -oaui 
fin ; I think I am the worse for 
that, ir mifce tiom rin '/though 
bad the master, the servant was 
worse, *oá otcAf é An mAijifcin 
V)A meAfA An buACAttt .Aimfine ; 
he shall not search whether it 
be good or bad, ní f píonf ató [r é] 
An mAic nó An otc é (Lev. 27, 
33) ; according to that he hath 
done whether it be good or bad, 
•oo néin ^ JníorhA *oo nmne fé, 
5T6 b'é rriAic nó otc (2 Cor. 5, 
10); (2) *onoo, used as a prefix, 
as T)|\ocnAt, bad luck ; "onoi- 
cníoó, bad end ; building the 
bad city, a-% cun fUAf ua T>no- 
(AicneAc (Ezra 4, 12); (3) •bond, 
comp. modfd, sup. ip meAf-A : 


( 135 ) 


from bad to worse, t>á t)onA 
niAot ip me^f-A muttós nó mAot- 
05, if bald was bad scaldhead 
was worse (mAotóg, one who lost 
his hair through skin disease, 
J. H.j. 

(4) p uApAó, -Ai$e, abject, vile ; 
(5) pAob, -oifte, false, perverse, 
often as a prefix, as f^obnóf a, 
bad manners ; (6) p Ait, -e, des- 
picable, vile, 50 mAit no 50 pAit, 
good or bad (Gen. 31, 24) ; the 
priest shall value it whether it 
be good or bad, meAppAró An 
fA^Anu é -An rriAtt nó An pAit é 
(Lev. 27, 12); (7) mi-, prefix, as 
mibeApc, bad action ; mibéApA 
bad manners ; (8) x>o-, prefix, as 
"ootnnne, a bad man ; (9) 
cAittce, ind. and cAittceAC, -oge: 
what bad weather 1 nAc CAittce 
(nó meAttCA) at\ Aimpip Í ! ; (10) 
meAttcA, ind. ; (11) rmttce (Or.) ; 
(12) boCu, -oiece : it was bad 
news for me, bA boóc An p^éAt 
•oonifA é. 
Bad, n., (1) otc, g. tntc, m. : to do 
either bad or good of mine own 
mind, T)o "óéAnAt) mAiteApA nó 
no Af m'mcinri pern (Numb. 
2:, 13): (2) otc Ap, -Aip, m. : 
going to the bad A5 mil 1 
n-otcAf (nó Cum olCAip) ; (3) 
•ooriAr , -Aip , m. : he went to the 
bad. *oo cuAit> p£ óutn An *oon- 
Aip ; (4) -oneAOlAf , -Aip , m. : "oo 
cuAitj fé cum An T>peAblAip 
(Don.) ; (5) pA^At), -Ait), m. : 
*o'imti5 au jAA^At) Ain, he went 
to the bad (M.) ; (6) AmueAr , -a 
m. : driving the man to the bad, 
peólAt) An T)ume An a AnnteAp ; 

(7) -oonAcu, -a : going to the 
bad, aj; mil cum "oonAcuA (Con.); 

(8) idiom : it is going to the 
bad on me, cá pé aj; mil piAp 
opm ; a$ "out, Amut)A opm (Or.) : 

(9 -onooni-o : a good for a bad, 
or a bad for a good, nit) mAit Ap 
t)poC nit) nó "opoc nit) a\\ nit) 
mAit (Lev. 27, 10). 
Badge, n., a token, sign or mark 
worn on the person, (1) comAptA, 
gen. id., pi. -aí and -tAúA, m.; 

(2) pi$m, g. and pi. -jne, /.; (3) 
puAiteAncAp, g. and pi. -Aip, m. 

Badger, n., a carnivorous, burrow^ 
ing quadruped (meles vulgaris), 
bpoc, g. and pi. bpmc, m. (cf. 
Bret, broc'h). 

Badger-hunter, n., one who hunts 
badgers, bpocAipe, gen. id., pi. 
-pi, m. 

Badger- warren, n., bpoclAc, -ai$, 
-Ai$e, m. 

Badinage, n., banter, pgige, gen. 
id. f. ; 5AÓ pe peAt). 

Badly, ad., not well, 50 note: what 
is badly got goes badly, An pux> 
a tjeibteAp 50 note imtigeAnn pé 
50 note. 

Badmindedness, n., Aicip, -e, /. 

Badness, n., the state of being 
bad, (1) otcAp, -Aip, m. : gnró- 
eAnn otc, otcAp 1 mAit, mAiteAp, 
bad, makes badness, and good, 
goodness ; (2) "oonAp, -Aip, m. ; 

(3) tdotiaCc, -a, /. ; (4) *oonAit>e- 
aCc, -a, /.; (5) puApAróeACc, 
a, /. 

Baffle, v.t., (1) to circumvent, 
meAttAim, -At) ; (2) to check 
by perplexing, meApuijun, -u^a-ó; 
to baffle by reason, -oo meApujAt) 
te péApúnAit) (O' Beg.) ; (3) to 
spoil one's game, to discomfit, 
miltim, -teAt) ; (4) frustrate by 
device, meAn^Aim, -At>. 

Baffled, a.,' foiled or frustrated, 

Baffler, n., one who baffles, meAlt-- 
cóip, »?.; meApuijceóip, -ó\\a, -pi, 
m.; mittceóip, m.; meAngAipe, g. 
id., pi. -pi, m. 


( X36 ) 


Baffling, n,, the act of frustrating 
or foiling, meApuj^óró, -urgte, m.; 
(idiom) it is baffling me, cá fé 
A5 "out Y A tntnlteArm ojun (iii. jt 
is going in the mill on me). See 

Bag, n., a sack or pouch for holding 
anything, (1) rriAlA, g. id., pi. 
-aí, m.; (2) a satchel, as for 
books, formerly made of sheep- 
skin, ciaó, g. céice, pi. -a, /.; 
(3) bag or measure for dry 
goods, miAC, -ai£, m.; (4) a 
kit-bag, me-Atbóg, -ói^e, -a, /.; 

(5) triAoif, -e, -eACA, /.; tn. éif5 = 
500 fishes, dim. rnAoifeóg, id.; 

(6) (small), pócA, g. id. m., dim. 
pócÁn (a bag with something in 
it) : zá 50b a pócÁin aj\ av\ 
5CAipin Aijje, he has the mouth 
of his bag on the kneading- 
trough ( si he is in a poor way), 
(U.) ; t)éi|AC *oo'n pocÁn LÁn 
(Or.), alms to the full bag ; 
also púcÁn andfptiúcÁn ; money- 
bag, fpAi^ín, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 
(Con.); (7) bag made at fowling, 
f eAt£, -eit^e and -a, pi. -a, f. ; 
(8) bag made of straw ropes and 
hung on the wall for hens to 
lay in, often used as a receptacle 
for odds and ends, 0ACÓ5, -oi^e, 
-a, f. (J. P. H.) : (9) a bag for 
holding salt, b^éro, -e, -Í, /. ; 
bíot) f AtAtin to b^éra f ém nó bi 
potArh, have salt in your own. 
saltbag or go without (Or.). 

Baggage, n., (1) clothes, tents, 
provisions, etc., of an army, 
c^otriACAfi, -aiji, m. zpomACA^ 
fltiAj, army baggage ; baggage 
horses, cApAilt Low ; (2) travel- 
ler's luggage, (a) bA^Áif ce, g. id., 
m. (also bocÁif ce) ; (b) rnAnjjAfVae, 
g. id., m. (Con.) ; (c) fAC|tAr§e, 
gen. id., m.; (d) cAf^Aifce, g. id,, 
m. (Con.). 

Bagman, n., a commercial traveller, 
-peAfi bot.5, g. pf bolj, m 

Bag-net, n. (1) a bag-shaped net for 
catching fish, coóAtt, -ai1X, m.; 
(2) AbAt>, -avo, m. (Ker.). 

Bag-of-bones, n., a very lean man, 
cnÁrhAfUAC, -A15, -Arge, m. 

Bag-piper, one who plays the bag- 
pipes, (1) píobAifie mÁtA ; (2) 
píobAi^e, g. id., pi. -jvi, m.; (3) 
cuifteAntiAc, -A15, -ATge, m. 

Bag-pipes, n., a musical wind 
instrument, (1) píobrhÁLA ; (2) 
píob, -a and -ibe, pi. -a, -AunA and 
-aí, /., also pi op (W. Lim. and 
Ker.), piobA tntXeAnn (union 
pipes) : ca f é ArhAit -j mÁlA 
píobA nÁ -peinneAtin 50 mbíorm A 
bolj tíoncA ; (3) -peA'oÁn mÁlA, m. 
(G. D.) ; 5AoúAi^e, gen. id., 
pl. -j\róe, m. 

Bail, n. (Law), security for the 
release of a prisoner or his good 
conduct for a certain period, (1) 
bAntiAVóe, g. id., m. : I'll go 
b., |\AóAró mife 1 rnbArmAi"óib ; 
I'll go bail you'll not do it, -pAó- 
A1T) tné 1 mbAnnAróib tiAc n*oéAn- 
pAix) cú é (Or.) ; they will have 
to find b., cAitprO fiAX) bAnn- 
Aráe "o'fAgÁii ; bail-bonds to 
keep the peace, bAnnAróe fíot- 
cÁnA ; (2) ufV|uix)Af nó ujAfVAf , 
»Aif, m.; ii]\|AAróeAcc, -a, /. (the 
bail-bond) ; going b. for a per- 
son, A5 T3ul 1 rt-u. a^ x)tiine ; (3) 

UACAT), -CtA, m., alSO CACA1T)eAÓC, 

-a, /. (the bond) ; (4) -pu^cAm, 
~ax\a, /.; (5) nAfgAjA, -Aifv, m.; (6) 
-plAnA^o, -ticA, m.; (7) (bond) 
cotvAtóeAóc, -a, /. ; (8) jeAtt, g. 
51IL, pi. id., m. 
Bail, t>.£., (1) as water from a boat, 
(a) cAotriAim, -At) ; (b) cAOfgAim, 
-a*ó ; (2) to go bail for a person, 
(a) bAnrmrorgim, -ujat) ; (&) t>o 
cmayu fé 1 mbAnr>Ai'óib aij\, he 


( 137 ) 


went b. for him ; (c) he went 
b. for him, t>o gAb fé pÁ w-A 

Bail, n , the person who releases 
a prisoner by becoming security 
for his appearance in court at 
the proper time, (1) bAv\r\Atúe, 
g. id., m. ; (2) zaca, g. id., pi. 
-aí, m. ; (3) u\\]\ a-6, -Am, *4róe, 

Bailable, a., having the right to 
be admitted to bail, iormff\uij;te. 

Bail-bond. See Bail, n. (Law). 

Bailed, a., relased on bail, 

Bailer, n. (vessel), (1) uomÁrf, -áití, 
m.; (2) cAOf^ói^, -ó^a, -j\í, m.; 
(3) fgutnÁn, -Áiti, m.; (4) cufv* 
^AlÁn, -Ám, m.; (5) %a%áx\* 

Bailiff, n., a sheriff's deputy, (1) 
bAiite, g. id., pi. -lí (M.), in 
Con. and U. pi. -te-dnttd, m. 
(cf. Bret, belli) ; the work of a 
bailiff, bÁitlróe^cc, -a, /.; (2) 
tn-AOji, -oif\, m., when qualified 
by the duty, as mAo\y cíojm 
rent bailiff or rent warner ; mAop 
t\A mbó, the " gripper " (Tyr.). 

Bailing, n., (1) releasing from 
prison, ^5 u|\|ui$<vó. 

(2) emptying water out of a 
boat (a) cAOfs^vo, fgtA, m. ; (b) 
(2) zaovtíA'ú, -mtA, m. 

Bailwick, n., the area of a bailiff's 
jurisdiction, bÁiLtróeAóc, -a, f. 

Bait, n., for catching fish, etc., (1) 
boijce, gen. id., pi. -ct, m., also 
bóit;ce, choice, béáCA, bÁice, 
b. p^cÁw, crab-bait (Tory I.) ; 
to b. a hook to catch fish, boigce 
t>o cup a\k -óubÁn óum éifg "oo 
§4bÁit; (2) mAot>A\^, -Aifi, m., also 
tnAjAf, -aiji, m.; (3) to^ao, ^i$e, 
/. =lugworm, lobworm (Con.); (4) 
e^n^Hc, -e, /. (tli, t),) í (5) 
rfiCéirs, /. 

Bait, vá. (to take food on a- 
journey), fCAT) -a^ .An j\ó*o Cum 
bró nó "oije "oo cAiteArh. 

Baiting-place, n., (1) a house of 
refreshments for travellers, ce^C 
óf za ; (2) a place where animals 
such as bulls or bears or badgers 
are harassed, ioh-at» commie cAf\0 
nó beiti|A no bftoc. 

Baize, n., coarse woollen stuff, 
béAf , -éif , m. ; éAX)Aó oILa. 

Bake, v.t., to prepare food by 
cooking in a dry heat, -pinmm, 
-ncAT), if pujuif -puine^t) 1 n-.Aice 
via mine ;•; bÁcÁitirn, bÁcÁit. 

Baked, a., cooked in a dry heat, 
bÁcÁltA ; pmnce. 

Baker,, n., one who makes bread, 
■AfiÁnóijA, -ófi», --pi, m.; bÁcéif\, 
-éA\\A, -|\í, m.; bÁcA"oóij\, -ój\a, 
-f\t, ra.; puniíi'eAT)óff\, m.; piinn- 
ceóift, m.; puítineAóÁti, ra.; cAOf- 
AcÁt\, -Ám, m.; fopnói^, m. 

Bakery or^ n., a place for baking 

Bakehouse,) bread, bÁcúf, -thf, 

Baking, n., (1) the act or process 
of making bread, b-ÁcÁit, -áIa, 
f. ; (2) ipumeAi), -nee, m. ; (3) 
the trade of a baker, Fuirme<voóifv* 
eAóc, -a, /.; ptnnceoi fierce, /. 

Balance, tJ., (1) to bring to an 
equipoise, as the scales of a 
balance, to adjust accounts so 
that debits and credits are 
equal, cuiftttn 1 ^cotpom, co- 
tfomuigim, -ugAt) : a^ cotfiom- 
ug-At) cuntiuAif , the balancing of 
an account. 

(2) To weigh in a balance, (1) 
totfiAifim, -tri-df ; (2) meAt)Aim, 
t).n. me^T), tueÁ-ó, me-At)óAin(c) 
*j mexvo Act Attic. 

(3) To estimate or compare 
mentally, t,éi|\trieAfAim, -rhe^f. 

Balance, n., (1) scales for weighings 
íne'xíróv QVh,* *4> and -eit>e, pi, 


( 138 ) 


-a. /.; weA"óACAn, -aw, m.; 
T^aIa, gen. id., pi. -íaí, m. ; 
(2) equipoise, cotfvow, -uiw and 
'OtnA, pí; id., w,; cotjuiiwe, #en. 
id., /. 

(3) Comparison, estimate, the 
act of weighing mentally, téifi- 
rhe-Af , gen. -a, and -ca, m. 

(4) Excess on either side, (a) 
over, ptntjteAC, -L15, m.; no ptnj- 
eAtt, -51IX, m., on one's own or 
the right side ; (b) under, eAf nAt), 
-Am nó eAfnAw, -Anti, m., on the 
other or on the wrong side ; (c) 
thrown in " for luck," ctnUeAw, 
ciíitteA*ó, -inn. -Ut), m. ; (d) 
lAjwiéro, -e, /. 

Balanced, a., made equal in num- 
ber, weight, etc., comtfvomAC, 
-Aije ; co"OfuJimi5ce. 

Balancing, n., the act of adjusting 
or making equal, (1) co'otwwujA'ó 
nó cotfiowugAt), -in£te, m. ; 
(2) totfiAf, -Aif, mi; (3) téij\- 
rheAr, -a and -ca, m. 

Balcony, w., a platform projecting 
from the wall of a building, (1) 
pót\puwneó5, -óige, -a, /.; (2) 
5111 AnÁn, -Áw, m.; óifcionri, m. 

Bald, a., (1) destitute of the 
natural covering on the head 
or top, as hair, feathers, horns, 
foliage, trees, etc., (a) waoI, 
-Aorte (cf. W. moel) : if peA|\|\ 
rriAot nÁ oeit 5An ceAnn ; (b) 
as bare as a board, clÁfVAc, 
-Aije ; (c) towA^tA, ind. (shaven) 

(d) cAtbAó, -Aije (Lat. calvus) ; 

(e) T)ox)A5ac, -Aige (cf. caojia tk, 
a hornless sheep), (Or.). (/) uá 
DtAgAiT) (btAjoro) ai^a, he is bald 

(2) Bare, undisguised, Un- 
adorned, torn, comp. ttnme. 
Balderdash, n., nonsense, sense- 
less jargon, jtárórhévp, -e, /. ; 
jiÁ'útrmr- (Don.) ; btÁmAf , -Aif , 

m. (Or.) ; cawiic -puAitxe -piof 
fUAf , nó C|\í n-A céite. 

Bald-faced, a., having a white 
face or a white mark on the 
face, as a horse, stag, etc., (1) 
ceAnnAn (ceAnn-pionti), a bald- 
faced horse, cApAtt ceAnnAn, 
but bó c. is said to be white- 
headed cow ; (2) mAoiléA'OAnAó 
-Ai$e ; (3) seA'OAc, -Ai£e, from 
5eAT>, a spot on the forehead. 

Baldhead, n., (1) a man whose 
head is bald, (a) wAotACÁn, -Aw, 
m.; (b) tornÁnAc, -ai§, in.; (c) 
wAolÁn, -Aw, m.; (2) the bald 
head, (a) ceAnn wAot nó wAoit- 
óeAnn, g. and pi. -own, m.; (b) 
plAic, -e, -eACA, /. (p. t.), also 
ptAice, -eAn, -cm, /. ; (c) ptAcóg, 
-óige, -a, /.; (d) btAsóro, -e, -i, f. 

Baldheaded, a., having a bald 
head, (1) wAoitceAnnAc, -Aige ; 
(2) ptAicínneAc, -mje ; (3) clÁjtAó, 
-Aige ; (4) WAot, -oite. 

Baldly, ad., without reserve, (1) 
50 wAot ; (2) 50 tow. 

Baldness, n., the state or condition 
of being bald, (1) wAoite(Acu), /.; 
(2) tuiwe(ACc), /.; (3) cAitbe, g. 
id. f. ; (4) cAtbAcc, -a, /. In 
Tyrone there is a word for 
baldness which I am unable to 
identify, but the following spel- 
ling gives the sound cAnnÁicro. 

Baldpate, n. See Baldhead. 

Baldpated, a. See Baldheaded. 

Baldric, n., a broad belt worn over 
one shoulder, -ppeiip, -e, /. ; 
cwor pvoA, gen. cfieAfA — , pi. 
cneAfAnnA pA'OA, m.; gwAwcfMOf, 

Bale, n., of flannel, etc., (1) caW- 
A|vnA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. (TTI. t>.), 
(ef. cojw, g. and pi. cuijw, in., a 
roll of flannel, etc.) ; (2) fiéiwf e, 
g. id., pi. -fí, /. : fveiwfi *] 
catúajwaí pÁipéi-jA (TH. t).). 


( 139 ) 


Bale, v.L, to make up in a bale, 

"oeAHAim ruAf 1 bpACA. 
Bale, v.t., to lade. See Bail. 
Baleful, a., destructive, pernicious, 

•ooriAf ac, -Aije ; xnteAó, -i§e. 
Balefully, ad., perniciously, 50 

•oíteAó, 50 "oonAfAC. 
Balk, v.i., (1) to disappoint, (a) 

ceipim aj\ (ceibim), -eA-o ; (b) 

cUfim aj\, -eAT> (ciobAim, at), 

(Or.) ; (c) tocAim, -a-ó, with a^i ; 

(2) to frustrate, cmmm bum- 

fgcionn =bun óf ciorm. 
Balk, n., a ridge left unploughed, 

(1) iomAi|\e, g. id., pi. -m~, m. ; 

(2) bAtc, -AiLc, m. (gl. L. lira); 

(3) f CAT15, -Ain^e, -a, /. 

Ball, n., (1) any round body, comp 
comCjminn aj\ bit, (a) meAlX, 
g. and pi. mitt, m.; (b) cnAp, 
g. -Aip, pi. id. -aí and -aca, m.; 

(2) ball to play with, (a) UAt- 
fóro, -e, /.; (b) ctia^, -A15, pi. 
id. and -a, m. (ball for cAtnÁn) ; 

(3) ball of thread, (a) cei^ctin, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (b) cei^cle, 
g. id., pi. -Li, /.; ceij\tLe, /. (Tyr); 
ceA^tUn, g. id., pi. -ni, m. ; 
ceitmLe, g. id., pi. -jLi, /.; (c) 
cuac, -Aice, -a, /.; (4) bullet for 
a gun, pitéAjA, -Léij\, m.; (5) 
snowball, LiAtf\óro rneAcuAro, 
ceincLín fneAccAit) ; (6) eyeball, 
me^LL no mosuLL nA r uL ; (7) 
ball of the hand, cj\oroe tia 
•oeAftiAnn ; (8) ball of the foot, 
qioroe ha coir e ; (9) ball or mix- 
ture for horses, meAfSÁn, -Ám, m. 

Ball, n., a social gathering princi- 
pally for dancing, (1) iLmnnce, 
gen. id., pi. -ci, m.; (2) 10L- 
•OArhfAt), -Arc, m. 

Ballad, n., a kind or romantic or 
sentimental narrative poem in 
short stanzas, (1) ArhfÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (2) bAiltéA-o, -éro, m.; (3) 
bALLec, m. ; (4) bÁilLero (Don.). 

Ballast, n., any heavy substance- 
put into ships to keep them a 
certain depth and steady in the 
water or into a balloon for the 
purpose of steadiness, (1) tAfc, 
-a, m.; (2) tucc, -a, m. 1. neite 
cuftAf\ 1 Unnj; -polAtfi cum a 
con^bÁtA cotnom fAn vnfje (c/. 
Bret, lastr). 

Ballast, v.t., to steady, LAfCAim,. 


Ball-bearings, on ball-b., A|\ tjfvÁn. 

Balloon, n., a bag made of silk or 
other light material and filled 
with gas or heated air with a 
car attached for aerial naviga- 
tion, bALLúm, -únAc, /. 

Balloonist, n., one who steers a 
balloon, AeffeóLuroe, g. id., pi. 
-"óte, m. 

Ballot, n., (1) originally a ball for' 
secret voting and still used in 
clubs and other institutions and 
hence any printed ticket for 
voting, meAU, co$a, gen. mitt 
cojA, m. 

(2) The system or act of secret 
voting, cogA-ó -potiii^te, as opp. 
to cojAt) -|:of5Aiice, the act or 
system of open voting. 

Balm, ) n., (1) a fragrant oint- 

Balsam, > ment, (a) ic, -e, /., 
also ice, g. id. /.; (b) íocfLÁrnce, 
g. id. f. : is there no balm in 
Gilead, au eAt> nAó bptnL 10c- 
fLÁmte 1 n^iLeAt) (Jer. 8, 22). 

(2) (Bot.), (a) garden balm 
(impatiens balsamina), Lur da 
mAttA, m. (Hogan) ; (&) bastard 
balm, Lur nA beA$ (Hogan). 

Balmy, a., having the qualities of 
balm, cLÁ, ind. 

Balsamic, a., restorative, íocflÁmc^ 
eAó, -oge. 

Bamboozle, v.t., to deceive by 
trickery, meAllAim, -a-o. 

Bamboozler, n., one who deceives 


( 140 ) 


by trickery, meAUxóin , ~ó^a, -fú, 

Ban, (1) interdict, coinmeAr-5, g. 

and pi. -mif5, m.; (2) public 

notice, ponpóstu'ó, g. and pi. 

-j^AptA, m.; (3) a curse, niAUAcc, 

-a and -An, /. 
Ban, ?;.£., to curse, mAtLuijim, 


Band, n., a company or troop, (1) 
buvóeAn, g. and pi. --one, da£. 
-tnn, /., buA*óAn (a band of 
reapers, Or.) : the bands of the 
Moabites invaded the land, 
'o'ionnrAijeA'OAn buróne v\a 
ITIoAbiceAC ah cín (2 Kings 13, 
20) ; (2) curoeACCA, nó cnúp 
fAi$ > oiúi|\i > óe; (3) -peAOAin, g. and 
pi. peAOttA /. : ceAtin peA^nA, 
head of a b., troop or company, 
a captain ; (4) cóip, -e, -eACA, 
f. : a drinking b. or company, 
coip An oit ; (5) mei teAl, g. -tie, 
pi. id. and -teACA, /., a b. of 
reapers or other workmen who 
labour without hire, in Don. re- 
stricted to turf-cutting, the band 
for other purposes being called 
cfitnnnui5A > ó ; (6) followers, (a) 
cuaUacc, -a, /. ; (b) comptucc, 
-a, /.; (7) ceiteA|\n, -teijme, /. ; 
(8) -poineAnn, g. and pi. poinne, 
dat. poifvn and poifveAnn, 
£óijmib, /.; (9) cónujAt), -tnjte, 
m.; (10) *oío|\mA, g. id., pi. 
-rmA, m.; (11) "oneAtn, -a, -AnnA, 
m. : the locusts have no king 
yet go they forth all of them by 
bands, ní bíonn ^íj aj; x\a 

tOCtllfOb, gllDeAt) UAgArO A1TIAÓ 

tnte ionA tro|\eAtnAib (Prov. 30, 
27 ; (12) bAnriA, g. id., pi. -aí, 
m. : captain of the band called 
the Italian band, cAipcin An 
bAnnA "o'a ngoi nteAfi An bArniA 
éAT)ÁitteAc (Acts 10, 1). 
Band, v.L, to unite in a company 

or troop : certain of the Jews 
banded together and bound 
themselves under a curse, say- 
ing they would neither eat nor 
drink till they had killed Paul, 
*oo cjuimnigeA'OAn "OfveAm Áijute 
•oo nA Itrotnpb 1 ^ceAnn a céite 
Agtif ct>5A > OA|\ rmonnA nAC n-íor- 
Aroíf A^tm nA ^ n-iobAiT)íf nó 50 
mAf\bAiT)íf pót (Acts 23, 12). 
Band, n. or belt, (1) worn by men 
or women, cfvior, gen. cj\eAf a, pL 
c^eAfAnnA, m.; (2) a fetter or 
manacle, cmbneAC, -jvrg, -|u$e, 
m.; ctiibf\eAC nó ceAn^Al bj\ornA, 
faggot-band ; (3) for tying any- 
thing, ceAn^Ai, g. and pi. -Ail, 
m.; (4) for the hair, céibín, g. 
-ne, pi. -ní, /.; céibín snuAige, 
band for the hair ; (5) hoops for 
vessels, -púnnfA, gen. id., pi. -ai, 
m.; pCmnrAroe lAjvámn, bands 
of iron ; (6) hat-band or helmet- 
clasp, COfCAtbÁf\n .1. CÓfVOA TlACA 

nó cmnbeijAce ; (7) swaddling 
band, rcneAóLÁn, -Ám, m.; cjuor- 
CeAnjAt, -Ait, m. : I made dark- 
ness a s.b. for it, x>o -jnnne mrpe 
x>o^cax)a^ ciu§ n-A CfMorceAnsAt 
»01 (Job 38, 9) ; (8) keel-band 
(iron) of a boat, rcfióc, -óic, m. 
(Tory I.) ; (9) fetter or band 
round the hough of a sheep to 
prevent straying, fétfvín, g. id., 
pi. -ni, m., also -péitfiín, m.; (10) 
of rushes in a spinning wheel 
which support the cnomÁn or 
notched end of the spindle, 
n:íÁn, m. (pi.) ; (11) for driving 
a spinning wheel, r^eAns, g. 
rnemse, pi. rneAn^A, /.; (12) for 
the neck for yoking animals, 
cuinjceAnsAt, -Ait, m. 
Bandag3, n., a fillet, a ligature, 

(1) pÁrs, -Áif5, m. : mA^b-frÁifS 
ofvc, the dea h-bandages on you ; 

(2) pÁifjeÁn nó jMfgÁn, -Ám, 


( 141 ) 


m.; (3) for the head in sickness 
or for the body of an infant, 
bnmoeAtAn, -Ám, m., also bmn- 
•oeAl, - v oit m., and bmneój;, 
-ói^e, -a, /.; (4) rcnAoittin, m. 

Bandit, n., an outlaw, a brigand- 
biceArhnAC, -A15, -Ai§e, m.; bic- 
bmneAC, -1115, m. (pron. bifinya, 
Or.) ; méinteAC, -L15, -a, m. ; 
céiceAnnAc coitteAt), in. ; rbAT)- 
Aroe, #. and pi. -*oce, m. ; sa-o- 
AVóe, g. and pi. --óce, m. 

Ban die, n., a measure, bAnntÁm 
-tÁnfie, -lÁxr\A, f. 

Bandle-cloth, n., coarse linen cloth ; 
AnAinc, -e, -eACA, f. 

Bandog, n., a mastiff or other 
large and fierce dog, Ánóú, gen. 
-Con, pi. -Com and -conA, m. 

Bandstickle, n., a fish, bionos 

Bandy, n., a hurley, a hockey 
stick, cAtnÁn nó m^roe caid cum 
bÁine nó cttnce tiAtnoroe T)'iminc. 

Bandy, a., curved, catu, g. s. f. 

Bandylegged, a., having crooked 
legs, cAmcor At, -Aije ; CAtnUnns- 
neAC, -ni£e ; r cAbAC, -Aije ; stún- 
Cof At, -Aige ; cibleAó, -Vige , 
bognAC, from bogA, a bow, also 
bójvAC, -Aije, and the person, 
bónACÁn, -Ám, m. ; also cib- 
teACÁn, -Ám, m. 

Bane, n., a deadly poison, mm, -e, 
/.; rutti £nAnncAC, ratsbane ; if 
iat> if mm T)o ComLu AT) An t)AonnA, 
they are the bane of human 
society (O'Beg.). 

Baneful, a., noxious, mrhneAC, 
-mge ; mmeAriiAit, -mtA. 

Banewort, n. (Bot.), deadly night- 
shade, Urn via horóce, m. (atropa 

Bang, n., a heavy blow, builXe, 
gen. id., pi. , -itroe ; pAUco<5, 
-óige, -a, /. 

Bang, v.L, to beat or thump, (1) 
buAibim, -aLat) ; (2) ptéAn^Aim, 


Banged, a., thumped, btiAitce. 

Banging, n., the act of thumping, 
huAlAX), -Alice, m. : A5 jjAbÁit 
(-pAbAijweAT)) Af\ a céite, banging 
each other (m. 1T1. K.). 

Banish, v.L, to exile, (1) Tjibnmi, 
-bine, fut. T)ibneocAT) and roib- 
eónAT) ; (2) to dispel or drive 
away : let us banish sorrow, 
ctnnimír uAwn Ati T)ótÁr ; (3) 
T>íocóuinim ; (4) nuASAim, -at) ; 
(5) •oeóptngim, -ti^At) ; (6) ionn- 
A-pbAim, -at) ; (?) lotnfuiA^Aim, 


Banished, a., exiled, TnbeAncA, 

f\tl A^tA, T)ÍOCÓUnCA. 

Banisher, n., one who banishes, 
T>íbeAncóin, -ónA, --pi, ni. ; ntiAg- 
Aine, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Banishment, n., the act of banish- 
ing, Tríbinc, g. -ce, and -beAncA, 
/.; "oeónArúeAóc, -a, /.; ntiArg, 
-e, /.; nuAjjAt), -ca, m.; jvuas- 
aij\c, -ce, /.; -jiiiAgnAt), -Am, m. 
(Or.) ; lomiA-fibAf , -Air, w.; ionn- 
A|AbA*ó, -bcA, m. ; lonnAnbAcc, -a, 
/. ; iomnu aj;a*ó, -^ca, m. 

Bank, w., (1) the margin of a 
watercourse, lake, river or sea, 
(a) bntiAC, -Aic, -a, m. : on the 
b. of the stream, a\k b. An 
crnotA ; (b) cmrhAif, -e, -eAtA, 
f. : on the b. of the river, a\k 
ciutfiArp nA bAbAnn (Aibne, Or.). 

(2) A turf bank, (a) po^vc, g. 
and pi. puif\c, m., as pone monA, 
also applied to the bank of a 
river, as pone nA bAbAnn (nA 
bAibne, Or.) ; b' é fin cnuAfAó 
nA bponc, that was gleanings 
from the river-banks or sea- 
shores ; (b) coir, -e, -eAtA, /.; 
(c) bACCA, g. id. m. 

(3) Bank of sand under the 


( 142 ) 


sea forming a shoal, shelf or 
shallow, (a) oicij\, -tj\eAC, -t^eAóA 
/., it also means any sand-bank, 
and somet. a turf bank ; (b) 
on the shore, (i) bioLtA, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m., biotlA 5-Ainirhe ; (ii) 
•oAoit, -e, m. (Foley) ; (hi) 
x>aX)ac, -AiDce, -a, /., also *oum.dC, 
g. -rhcA, /. ; (iv) be^|\c|\Aó, -Aitje, 


(4) Of earth, pAncÁn, -Am, m., 
also bAncÁn (Or.). 

Bank, n. (for money), bAtmc, -a, 
m., alsobAtmcA, gr. icZ. m.: T>ocuif\ 
f é a euro ai^51"o f An mbAnnc, he 
put his money into the bank. 

Banker, n., one who conducts the 
business of banking, (1) cimij\e, 
g. id., pi. -pi, m. (gl. numularius), 
from cim, money) ; bAnncoif\, 
-ó|va, -ófti"óe ; mAtAf\cóif\ aii^to, 

Banking, n., the business of a 
bank, bAnncoi^eACc, -a, f. 

Banknote, n., nótA, g. 'd., pi. -a\, 

Bankrupt, an insolvent person, 
•oiotrioUnjceAc, -tig, -tije, m. ; 
•otnne b|\ifce. 

Bankruptcy, n., the state of being 
bankrupt, "oiotMoUnseAcc, -a, /.; 
fcóifxbmreA-ó (O'Beg.). 

Banner, n., flag or standard, 
bjvACAC, -A15, -Ac a, m.; meif\5e, 
gen. id., pi. -51 (Din., m.; Co- 
neys, /.) ; y uAiceAncAf , -Aif , 

Bannock, w., oat or barley cake 
baked on a griddle, bormó5, 
-ói5e, -05A, /. .* geibeAtm An 
feirtbífeáó at\ cAob "oorgce *oe'n 
bormór5 ; bArm^c, -ai$, -Aige, 
m. ; cui|\uin, -ne, /. (Don. 
J. C. W.). 

Banns, n., notice of marriage, (1) 
po^bAti, -Am, m.; (2) 5Aij\m 


Banquet, n., a feast, moij\- 
fleAt), g. -fteróe, pL -fieA-óA, /.; 
cuijun, -e, -eACA, /.; cofim, g. 
and pi. cuifun, m.; comnA, g. 
id., pi. -aí, m.; cóifi|A, -e, -eACA, 
(cf. feij\e, a banquet, supper, 
B.LL. IV. 348, 18). 

Banquetting, n., feasting, pteA-o- 
Aótm, -cuff, m.; ctiífvmiujj.A'ó, 
-mrgte, m.; cóinfveAcu, -a, f. 

Banquetting hall, n., a hall for 
feasting, brmróeAn, -"one, /. ; ceAó 
cuifune, m. 

Banshee, n., fairy woman, beAn- 
f i"óe, akin to beAti-mje no ni5eA5 r 
and CAomeA5 of the Highlands. 

Banter, n., good-humoured raillery, 
(1) ponorhAro, /.; fS 1 5 e > Q en - id*r 
/.; tnAgAt), -Am, m. 

Banter, v.t., to rail at good- 
humouredly, ponomAroi^im, 1*515- 
1m, ^eA'ó ; T)o "óéArtAm m^Aiu 
■pé tió 111A5AT) *oo *óéAtiAm pé; A5 
X)éAr\Am roA^Am a\\\ (Don.). 

Banterer, n., one who rallies r 
f5i5i|\e, gen. id., pi. -jti, m. 

Bantering, n., the act of ridiculing 
playfully, r5i5i]\eAóc, -ca, /. 

Bantling, ?i., an infant, tembin, 
gen. id., pi. -ní, m. ; riAoitmAn,. 
-Ám, m. 

Baptism, n., the act of baptizing, 
bAifueAT), gen. -cró, m. : AtnbAif- 
ceA"ó 1 T>-Af\ mo bAif zeA*ó. common 
forms of mild imprecation; bad 
effects of imperfect baptism, 
-puigeAtL b-Aipcit) ; lay baptism, 
bAifceAt) cuaca ; private b., 
bAifce úf\LÁifi. 

Baptismal, a., pertaining to bap- 
tism, bAif ueAtfiAit, -rhtA ; bAif- 
croe, umA]\ bAmcroe, baptismal 
font (AmAf, Con.) ; baptismal 
fees, rsfieAbAtt bAitif [bAiteAf 
was the obsolete word for bap- 

Baptist, n., one who administers 


( 143 ) 


baptism, bAirce ; tldorh Coin 
t>Airce, St. John the Baptist. 

Baptist, n., one of a denomination 
of Christians, bAirceoin, -ónA, 
-j\i, m. 

Baptistical, a., of or for baptism, 
bAirceAC, -o$;e. 

Baptize, v.i., to administer the 
Sacrament of baptism to, bAir- 
uim, -ceAt). 

Baptized, a., having received bap- 
tism, bAirciste, ind. 

Baptizer, n., one who baptizes, 
bAirceóif\, -óf\A, -|\í, m. 

Bar, n., (l).a long narrow piece of 
wood, iron or other material 
and generally used as a lever, 
fastening or obstruction, bAjvjvA, 
gen. id., pi. bAnjidi, m. .1. piofA 
CAoLpvoA lA^nAinn, At)mAro, óin, 

(2) A hindrance, AcnAnn, #. 
and pL -Amn ; bAC, -Aic, m.; 
-ppeAC, -eic, m.; co^nieA-ps, #. 
and pi. -mif5, m. ; oob At), m. 

(3) Bar or bolt of a door, (a) 
1Mb, -Aibe, pi. id. /.; (b) rp A^nA, 
g. id., pi. -aí, m.; (c) rpAj^Án, 
-Am, m.; (d) cnAnn •o^tn'ote. 

(4) Bar or headland, ^A-pmA, 
-nn, -nnA, and pi. 5A-[\mnAib, also 
weaver's beam. 

(5) Bar of sand at the mouth 
of a river or harbour, 010-p, 
-cj\eAC, -c|\eACA, /. 

(6) Bar of a tune, con, -oin, m. 

(7) Bar of iron, crowbar, 
Cfio, g. id., pi. --OArmA, m. 

Bar, v.t., (1) to fasten with a bar, 
TninAim (-At)) no "OAm^nigim 
(u^a-ó) te bA-pnA. 

(2) To hinder, prevent, pro- 
hibit or exclude by exception, 
(a) coif5im, v.n. corj ; (b) 
coi|Amif5im, -meAfj ; (c) bACAim, 
v.n. bAC ; (d.) ciobAim, -At) (Or.). 

Barb, n., (1) beard or something 
resembling it, cotj, g. and pi. 
CU1L5, m. 

(2) The point in a fish-hook, 
arrow, etc., preventing easy ex- 
traction, (a) pnn^oin, g. d., pi. 
-ni, m. ; (b) pniotbAC, -aic, -a, 
m.; (c) -pnitbeAc, -eice, -a, /. 

Barbarian, n., a man in a rude, 
savage or uncivilized state, -otune 
bAnbAjvóA, aIIza nó -piAt)Ain. 

Barbarian, } a., uncivilized, rude, 

Barbaric, }■ bAnbAnt)A, (c/. Gr. 

Barbarous, ) j3ápftapo<s, rude, ig- 
norant) ; aUxa ; piAt)Ain, -e. 

Barbarism, n., (1) uncivilized state 
or condition, (a) AttcAr , -Air , m.; 
(&) piAt)AncAf, -Aif, m. 

(2) A cruel action, cntiAt)Át- 

AÓC, -CA, /. 

(3) Rudeness of manners, 
btunbe, g. id. f. 

Barbarity, n., (1) state of being 
barbarous, (a) ALttfiu-fYOAcc, -a. 
/.; (b) aUxacc, -a, /. 

(2) Cruelty, ferociousness, bAn- 
bAnt)Aóu, -a, /. (c/. Gr. /3ap/3áp- 
107x0s,, savage state. 

Barbarize, v.t., to make barbarous, 
*oéAnAim AttcA. 

Barbed, a., furnished with a barb 
or barbs, (1) cotgAc, -Aije ; (2) 
jrmneAc, -mje ; (3) connÁnAó, 
-Aije ; (4) -p|MocnAttiAil, -itilA ; 
(5) pniocnAtriAc, -Aige ; f AijeAt) 
pniocnAtriAit, a barbed arrow ; 
(6)f$;iAtÁnAc, -Aije, fromfgiAtÁn, 
a wing. 

Barber, n., one who cuts hair and 
shaves people for hire, (1) beAnn- 
toin, -ófiA, -ní, m.; (2) beAnn- 
A-oóin ; (3) beAnbóin ; (4) torn- 
A*oóin ; (5) toniAntóin ; (6) tom- 

Barberry, n. (Bol.), a shrub, (ber- 
beris vulgaris), bAnbnós, -ói^e, 
-a, /. 


( 144 ) 


Bard, n., a poet among the Celts, 
one of whose functions was to 
compose and sing lays in praise 
of kings, princes and other brave 
men, bÁfvo, -aijvo, m., whence 
Eng. bard, 

Bardic, a., (1) bAjvoAc, -Aije ; (2) 
bÁjvoAriiAiL, -mLA ; (3) "guauac, 
-Aije ; learned in bardic lore, 

Bardism, n., system, maxims and 
learning of the bards, bÁjvoAóc, 
-a, /. 

Bardship, n., state of being a 
bard, bÁijvone, gen. id. f. ; also 
a bardic composition. 

Bare, a., (1) stripped of the usual 
covering, torn, comp. Uume ; 
(a) unfurnished or scantily fur- 
nished : Lom pÁ AirvgeAt) (nó 1 
ti-AifvjeAT)), bare of money; Lorn 
pÁ éAt)Ac, bare of clothes ; (p) 
mere, alone, simple : crveromi é 
A|\ a -pocAl torn, I believe him on 
his bare word ; Lorn ceif\c, mere 
justice ; au pmnne Lom, the 
bare truth. 

(2) Deprived of covering, 
naked, (a) noccmjte, cornoc- 
cuijjte, nó Lomcof ac, -Aige, bare- 
footed ; ceAnnnoccurgte, nó ^-a 
riiAoL, bare-headed ; (b) Lom- 
nocc *i LomnocctA : wholly bare 
or naked, T>eArv5Lomnocc ; both 
bare and naked, bocc nocc ; a 
bare, naked fellow, LomrtAcÁn, 
-Ám, m.; if *oeACAij\ rcocAÍ "oo 
bAinc "o'peArx cofLomnocu, it is 
hard to take stockings off a 
barefooted man. 

(3) Destitute, indigent, empty, 
(a) T>eAL5, -a ; (b) Lom, corny. 
Lwme ; (c) rjjALLcA, ind.; (d) 
mAoL, -one : if mAoL guALAnn 
5 au cAf\Am (6ACcr\A £oir\be, 257). 

Bare, v.t., to strip or make bare 

or naked, (1) noccAim, -At)) ; 
nocctnjjim, -njA*. 

(2) To lay quite bare, Lom- 
nocctnj;im, -n^At). 

Barefaced, a., shameless, auda- 
cious, (1) neArimÁifveAC, -m^e ; 
(2) míonÁirveAó ; (3) -oáua, ind. 

Bared, a., made bare, LomtA. 

Barefacedly, ad., shamelessly, 50 

Barefacedness, n., shamelessness, 
assurance, neArimÁirve, /. 

Barefoot, ) a., with bare feet, 

Barefooted,^" cornocctnjte, cor- 
cÁrvnoccui5te(cÁr\noccui5e mean- 
ing naked, without any clothes, 
J. C. W .) ; cornoccA ; r;uAir\ ré 


nocciugre ; LomcofAC ; cofLom, 
-Ltnme: cofLom, wearing boots 
without stockings ; cor nocctnjce, 
without shoes or stockings ; ir 
r:eArvr\ a belt cofnoccurgte nÁ 
cofLom, better be poor and free 
than hampered by a doubtful 
privilege (Or. prov.) ; you left 
your measure with John Mud .1. 
you were barefoot, "o'-pÁs cú -oo 
tóriiAf A5 SeAgÁn LI a l_ÁbÁm ; 
shoes in his hand and his toes 
in the mud, brvójjA Vi-a LÁirii a^ut 
a Lax)A|\ 'jm tÁib. 

Bareheaded, a., with uncovered 
head, (1) ceAnn-nocctngte ; (2) 
CÁ ConÁn mAoL 'n-A rhAoL ceAnn- 

Barelegged, a., having the legs 
bare, Lom-LtnrvgneAo, -mge. 

Barely, ad., with nothing to spare, 
(1) 50 Lom ; (2) Af\ éigin ; (3) 
nAó móf\. 

Bareness, n., the state of being 
bare (1) Ltnme nó Loime, /. g. id.: 
b. is better than grief, if peA^r* 
Ltnme nÁ LéAn ; (2) LinmeAóc, 

Bargain, n., (1) an agreement for 


( 145 ) 


the sale and purchase of pro- 
perty, mAngAt), -ato, -&me : I 
made a b. with him, t>o T)eineAr 
(fiinnéAf) uiArvgAT) Leir ; mAngAT) 
•oaoja, fAon nó niAit, a dear, cheap 
or good b. When not qualified it 
means a good or gainful bar- 
gain : a fast and loose b., 
mAf^At) rgAoitxe ceAngAttue ; let 
it be a b., bio^ fé 'n-A tfiAjvjA'ó. 

(2) An agreement or stipula- 
tion, (ft) nArom, -xVomA, 
-ATmiAntiA, /. (m., O'D. Gram., 
98) ; (b) connnAT), -AntA, m. : 
c. iriAií- nó roconnfuro, a good 
b. (Or.) ; (idiom) what a b. 
he is, nAó é An tAb é. 

Bargain, v.i., to make a bargain, 
(1) rnAnsuijim, -ujdt) ; (2) *oéAn- 
Aim niA|A5At), nAi"óm nó connnAt). 

Bargain-maker, mAnsAUiTOe, g. id., 
pi. -t>te, m. 

Bargaining, n., the act of making 
a bargain, (1) Ag T>eAnAth uiajv- 
5AS-Ó, connAntA nó nAtmiA ; (2) 

UlA^All, -ÁtA, /./ (3) CJ\ÁCC, -a, 

in., tió unAccdO, -Aix), m.; (4) 
mAU5Ai|AeAcc, -a, /. 

Barge, n., a large boat, bÁ-o mófi. 

Barge, n., a scold, (1) a scolding 
woman, bÁi^reAe, -pje, -reACA, 
/.; (2) a scolding man, aU- 
Pt^Aicf, -rite, m. (final syllable 
of nom. like atch in match). 
See Scold and Scolding. 

Baritone, Barytone, n., a male 
voice with a compass between 
bass and tenor, cobtAc, -ai$, m. 

Bark, n., of a tree, (1) coi^u 
(cAinc), -ce, -ceACA, /.; (2) nur-5, 
(j. and pi. -puir^, m.; (3) cnoic- 
eann, -cmn, pi. id., and -cne, m. : 
■out eAT>Af An T)A1^ Y A CfoiceAnn 
if é meAfAnn ^nn cnuAi'ú ah 
céim (Car. J/., I. 68) ; the inner 
bark, An "OArtA cj\oiceAnn ; nÁ bí 

a£ -out rain An cfoiceAnn á^u^ 
au cnAnn, do not go between the 
bark and its tree. 

Bark, v.t, to strip the bark from, 
CAncuijnri, -cat). 

Bark, Barque, n., (1) a small ship, 
bA|\c, ft. bAince, pi. bA|\CA, /., 
also g. and pi. -a, m., and -Ainc 
pi. id. and -a m. (c/. Bret. 
t>Anc ; (2) a ship made of bark, 
juífgÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) Uiac- 
Luingin, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; a 
bark's lifeboat, cnA'OAn bAncA. 

Bark, n., (1) the cry of a dog, (ft) 
CAfAnn, -Ainn, m. : tuAT>nAí bAlbA 
iiac nT)éAn CAfAnn (D. E. 83) ; 
(b) ArhAfunAc, -A15, m. 

(2) A shout, like that of a 
dog, 5tAm, -a, -AnnA, m. : his 
bark is worse than his bite, if 
meAfA a gtAtn tu4 gnerni. 

Bark (like a dog), v.i., (1) AriiAf- 
ciMiigmi, -|\ac ; (2) cAtpiAnn, 
-pAnn ; (3) f^eAtútinjnn -j rgedrii- 
Aim, -nijAil. 

Barking (a tree), n., nuf^At) -jtd, 

Barking, n. (like a dog), (1) 
AtiiAfcnAc, -cnAig, m. (c/. Coir. 
An. 240) ; (2) CApAwc, -e, /. 
(Or.), pron. cACAinc M., cútAmc, 
-e, /. (Con.) ; (3) cAtpAnn, ft. 
and 29Z. -Ainn, in.; (4) rgeArh^Ait, 
-e, /•; (5) sLAtnsAH,, -e, /.; (6) 
5lApAnnAC, -Aige, /.; (7) fgeAtii- 
Lac, -Aige, /., aj; fgeAriitAig 
(Don.) ; (8) aj; ^lApAnnAi^, b. 
viciously (Or.) ; (9) gtAmgAit, 
-e, /., the b. of a pack of hounds. 

Barky, ft., covered with bark. 
coinceAC, -trge. 

Barley, n., a grain and grass of 
the genus hordeum, from which 
ale, beer and whisky are made, 
eónnA, g. -nan,/, indecl. in Don.; 
AfiÁn eóntMn, barley-bread; pAi^c 
nd neónnAn, the barley field. 


( 146 ) 


Barleycorn, n., a grain of barley, 
5|\Áinne eójuiAn. 

Barley-meal, n., meal made from 
barley, mm eójmAn. 

Barley-water, n., water in which 
barley meal has been steeped, 
tnfge eojmAn. 

Barm, n., the foam that comes on 
malt liquors when fermenting 
and used in making bread, yeast 
(1) p'ofc, -CA, m.; (2) 5iAf5, -a, 
m. (Con.) ; (3) 5AbÁit, -bÁLA, pi. 
id. /.; (4) cAjVfvÁiL, -ála, f. 

Bar-maid, n., a girl who attends in 
the bar of a tavern or hotel, (1) 
CAitiu LeAnnA ; (2) CAiLin cije 
An cAbAifme. 

CAitín cije ah uÁbAijme ni 5^^"°" 

pAinn 1 n-éAncon í, 
t)íonn 5toine 'n-A lÁirh A5tir 

5f ÁT) T)0 5AC AOtl A1C1 

TliíAijA ótAnn fí a fÁf Arfi r»Aó nÁij\- 

eAC AU -pgéAt A1C1 

Aóc cé > o'AittieócA > ó t AmÁf\AC 
nuAifv fÁif geAnr» fí sícm/s tnjvti. 

Barmbrack, n., currant cake made 
at Christmas, Hallow Eve, etc., 
bAi-pjin t»|\eAc, m. 

Barmy, a., full of barm or froth, 
(1) giofCAc, -Ai£e ; (2) jaGáíac, 

Barn, n., a building for storing 
grain, (1) -pgiobót, -óil, m.; (2) 
5Aij\néAl, -tiéit, -CA, m.; (3) 
f AbAt, g. and pi. -Ait, m. (ef. SaX)a\. 
pA-o-pAis, now Saul in Co. Down). 

Barnacle, n., a cirripede shell-fish 
that adheres to rocks and float- 
ing timber, (1) bAijmeAc, -mge, 
-ueACA, /. (also -nig, m.) ; (2) 
triAo-pAc, -Aije, -a, /.; (3) 5iúf\- 
Amn, -e, -eACA, /. (Con.) ; (4) 
SunjmeAc, -nig, -a, m. (Aran) ; 
(5) swopArt, -Am, m. 

Shell of the barnacle, 51115-065, /. 

Barnacle or Bernicle goose (per- 
haps from bernicala= Hiberni- 
cula from Hibernia), n., ca-ó An, 
-"qua, -"óAncA, m.; cAt)An aoujuhc, 
a species of wild goose. 

Barn-door, n., comAAC, -aic, m. 

Barometer, n., an instrument for 
finding out the pressure of 
the atmosphere, AemfieAT), g. 
-meróe, pi. -meA-OA, /. 

Barometric, * a., indicated by a 

Barometrical,) barometer, Aej\- 
meA-óAc, -Aige. 

Baron, n., a title of nobility, bAjum, 
g. and pi. -urn ; 5Aif\m onófiAC. 

Baronage, n., the dignity of a 
baron, onóif\ bA-piinuAccA. 

Baroness, n., a baron's wife, also 
the holder of such title in her 
own right, heAn bAmim. 

Baronet, n., the degree of honour 
below a baron and the lowest 
hereditary title, -[\rpif\e bAjuim. 

Baronetage, n., baronets collect- 
ively, ha f\roif\i bAttinn 50 téif\. 

Baronetcy, n., the rank of a 
baronet, céim mT>ife bAf\úm. 

Baronial, a., pertaining to a baron 
or barony, bAf\úncAc, -Aige. 

Barony, n., the domain of a baron, 
(1) bAj\úncAcu, -a, /. ; (2) tjmiCA 


Barque. See Bark. 

Barrack, n., a building for sol- 
diers, rttiAgteAC, ceAc fUiAij;, 
ceAó rAi5*oiúji. 

Barrel (a vessel), n., bA^Aitte, 
bAmXte 1 bAimtte, g. id., pi. 
-Li, m. ; ti5rAro, -e, -1, /. : an 
empty b. makes most sound, 
CÁ An tmro if mó fAn ti5fAiT> 
-potAtti . 

Barrel (of a gun), n., bAijutte 

Barrel, v.t., to put in barrels, 
ctnfum 1 mbAifuLle. 

Barren, a., (1) producing no young 


( 147 ) 


or incapable of producing young, 

(i) r eA r5> com v- reirs e ; (2) 

cifun, comp. oomuA ; (3) Aimfiro, 
-e ( = Aom-b|Aeit) ; (4) "oiofg, 

(2) Not producing vegetation, 
sterile, rocky, cAf\f\Ac, -Ai^e. 
A barren cow, peAr^Ac, -Aige, 

-4» /• 

Barrenness, n., sterility, unfruit- 

fulness, (1) reAfSAcc, -A, /.; (2) 
T)íof5, -ifge, /.; (3) •oíorsa'ó, 
-St a, m.; "oifse, $, Id. /..; (4) 
■peifge, g. id. /.; (5) ciojwiacc ; 
(6) Aim^roeAcu, -ua, /.; (7) 

éAX)ZO^tACZ, -a, f. 

Barricade, v.t., to fortify or close 
up, as a street or passage, (1) 
*oúnAim, -aX) ; (2) rpAnnAim, 
-at) (from bAj\f\A, a bar of wood 
with prosthetic s.). 

Barricade, n., a fortification or 
obstruction hurriedly made to 
block a passage, (1) corg, -a, 
m. : a weak b., cofg éATJAin^eAn; 
(2) bAbt)ún, #. and pL -úm, m. 

Barrier, n., a wooden obstruction 
or anything which hinders ap- 
proach or attack, bAff\A cum 
flige T)o x>\mAX) ; coifuneAfs, 
rmrg, m. 

Barring, n., fastening with a bar, 

(1) T>úriAt), -hca, m.; (2) fpAfittAt), 
-fxtA, m. 

Barrister, n., a counsel called to 
the Bar, (1) conr Aitevfy, -éA|AA, m.; 

(2) 'oUjeA'oói^, -ó|\a, -|\í, m.; (3) 
t)A|\|\AifcéA|\, -éif, m..; (4) A15- 
neAfói|v, -ó|va, -pí, m.; (5) at>- 
bcóroe, </ew. icZ., pí. -*ol, /.; (6) 
A-óbcóTOeAó, -Tng, -"oije, m. 

Barrow, n., a contrivance witn 
handles and with or without a 
wheel on which things can be 
transported by hand, bAm^A, g. 
id., pi. -fiAi, m. ; te biomCAj\ 
ctoc nó fUTOAi -oe'n cfó|\c fin ; 

X)Ap\yA tÁitúe, hand barrow ; 
bAttttA |\oca, wheelbarrow. 

Barrow (pig), n., a castrated male 
pig, rrmc coiUxe. 

Barrow, n., (1) a mound under 
which bodies were anciently 
buried (c/. bfuij ua t)ómne), 
also the site of a palace (c/. 
bjuijf\i in Lim.), bnug, #. bjung, 
pi. bnu^A, m. 

(2) Artificial mound, site of 
an ancient Celtic dwelling, (a) 
ftÁc (nó j\Áiú) -Áite, pi. -a and 
-AnnA, /. (m. in Con.) ; (b) Uof , 
{/. and pi. teAfA, m.; (c) cajui, 
g. and pi. cAinn, m. 

Barter, n., an exchange of goods, 
mAtAific, -ce, -ajaca and -ceACA, 
/. (somet. niAtnAro) ; pertaining 
to barter, niAtAifceAc, -cije. 

Barter, v.t., to traffix by exchang- 
ing one thing for another, mAt- 
AncAim (mAtA|vctii5im), -lAinc. 

Bartered, a., exchanged for some- 
thing else, mAtAttCA. 

Barterer, n., one who barters, 
mALAficóif\, -ójaa, -f\í, m. 

Bartering,) n., the act of exchang- 

Bartery, y ing things by way of 
a traffic, rnALAipic, -tAncA, /. 

Bartizan, n., a small overhanging 
structure for look-out or de- 
fence, bÁf\f\bAtXA, m. 

Basal, a., relating to or forming 
the base, íocca|\ac, -Aige. 

Base, n., (1) foundation, the bot- 
tom of anything implying sup- 
port, that on which a thing rests, 
bun (nó bonn, g. bumn), -um, m. 
(cf. Lat. fundus) ; b. of the cliff, 
bun ua -pAille ; b. of the moun- 
tain, bun An cnuic. 

Base, a., (1) of humble birth, low, 
ireAl, -pie. 

(2) Morally low, (a) úiníreAi, 
-■pie, also f ifu'f eAt, --pie ; (5) 
■puAfiAc, -Avge ; (c) caij\, -e 


( 148 ) 


from which ráif\eAc, -fu^e, and 
cÁifveAniAit, -mlA ; (d) t>aoiú- 
eAtiiAiL, -rhtA (Don.) ; (e) ah- 
iiAfAt, -uAifte. • 

Base, v.t., to put on a basis, to 
found or establish, cinnim An 

Baseless, a., without foundation. 
5-au bun. 

Basely, ad., with despicable mean- 
ness, 50 iiCii r ifeAt ; 50 fípífeAt. ; 
50 neArhiiAj\Al ; 50 tiAiuiAf At ; 50 


Basement, n., the ground floor of 
a building, új\LÁj\ íocc<M r . 

Baseness, n., the quality or con- 
dition of being base, tnf\- 
ifte(Acc), -a, /. ; y í|\ífie(Acc), /. ; 
AnuAirte(Acc), /.; cÁi|\e(Acu), /.; 

fUApACAf , -A1j% hi. 

Bashful, a., very modest, disposed 
to avoid public notice, (1) bAnAtn- 
Ail, -rhtA ; (2) ^AicceAf ac, -Atge ; 
(3) ciitAit, -e ; (4) xXác, -Aite ; 

(5) nAif\eAc, -ivije : a cunnbeAn 
TiÁi|\eAc, béAfAc (Car. H. I. 8) ; 

(6) mÁncA, ind.; (7) mÁluA, ind.; 
(8) mÁntA ; (9) cíiLÁncA, ind. 
(til. X).) : as b. as a girl, com 
cúLÁncA te CA1U11 ; (10) r$ÁtAc. 
-Ai$e ; (11) "onrro, -e. 

Bashfully, dd., in a bashful man- 
ner, (1) 50 bAtiAmAiL ; (2) 50 
mÁncA ; (3) 50 cutAt ; (4) 50 
cLÁt. See Bashful. 

Bashfulness, n., the quality of 
being bashful, (1) bAnAtiitAcc, /'.; 
(2) bAtiAttiAtcAf , m.; (3) cútÁnuAf , 
-Aif, m.; (4) cvttAite(Acr:), /. ; 
(5) mÁticAcc= niÁutAcc, /.; (6) 
fjÁc, -a, m. : don't be bash- 
ful, nÁ bíox) Aon fjjAt oj\c ; (7) 
f5ÁtrhAi|\eAóc, -a, /.; (8) f5Át- 
ACAf, -Aif, m.; (9) nÁi|\e, g. id. 
/.; (10) nÁijieAcu, -a, /.; (11) 
A-ónÁi|\e, g. id. f.; (12) ceift, -e. 
/. : have no bashfulness or 

shame, nÁ bío"ó ceifc nÁ nÁif\e 
0[\u ; (13) ^AicceAf, -cif, m. ; he 
was bashful, -oo bi pAiueeAf 


Basil, n. (Bot.), (1) common or 
sweet basil (ocymum basilicum), 
U\f An |\io5 ; (2) wild (thymus 
serpyllum), Uif uuc jug. 

Basil, n., the tanned skin of a 
sheep, teACAn caojvac. 

Basilisk, n. (Zool.), a lizard of 
the genus basilicus, niosn At v\if\, 

-tjieAC, -CjAeACA, /. 

Basin, n., a hollow vessel for 
washing and other uses, (1) 
bÁipín, g. id:, pi. -ní, m.; (2) 
miAf, g. metre, pi. -a, /. (Don. 
and Or.) ; (3) buttA, g. id., pi. 
-AÍ, m. ; (4) en ac, -Atce, -a, f. ; 
(5) C11ACÓ5, -ói$;e, -a, /. 

Basis, n., (1) the groundwork, bun, 
-um, m. 

(2) The fundamental or first 
principle, roj\Ar , -Air : pof\Ar 
-peArA, the basis of knowledge. 

Bask, v.i., to lie in the sun or in 
warmth, U11511U rÁ (inr ; Annr) 
An n^em. See Bask, v.t. 

Bask, v.t., to warm by exposure 
to the sun or other heat, (1) 
gjUAnuijttn, -intjAt) ; (2) $;jUAn- 
50|\Aim, -At> ; (3) gojvAtin, -At); 
(4) t>éAnAiiu bot 5 te 5 pern. 

Basker, n., one who basks, 5f\iAnoif\ r 

-Ó|AA, -|U, m. 

Basket, n., (1) the common vessel 
made of osiers, rushes, cane, etc., 
ctiAb, g. and pi. ctéib, m. ; 
ctiAbÁn, g. and pi. -Ám (now 
applied to a cradle) ; but cf. 
bi ua tiocu 5ciTm 1 5CtiAbÁn iu 
mónA, the eight heads were in 
the turf-basket (Or. Elegy)] cti<*t> 
uoftA, a fruit basket, dim. 
ctéibín, m.; closely- woven b., 
ctiAb ^i§re ; loosely- wo ven r 
cltAb ptnrmedjAc. 


( 149 ) 


(2) With movable bottom. See I 

(3) Big b., eif, -e, -eAnnA, /.; I 
cifeÁn, -Ám, m. 

(4) Small and flat, somet. cir- 
cular, (a) cir-eóg, -óise, -a, /.; 
(b) f5 1At ' -5 e1te > ~ A > /•/ ( c ) 

rsiAtóg, /.; (#) rsib, -é> -í, /•• 

(e) peittic (pittiAC, Don.), -e, 
-eACA, /. (oval, Or.), made of 
untanned hide (pellis) ; (/) btn-o- 
eós, /.; (g) toy Am, -e, -í, f. (U., 
UifAoi*o, Don.) ; (h) ctntrin, gen. 
id., pi, -ni, m. ; (i) minrvteó5 
(for sand-eels or whelks, Don.) ; 
0") tnAoifeog, /., made of wicker 
or straw (also applied to the 
potatoes housed in Oct., J. C. 

The handles for the rope by 
means of which the basket is 
carried are called ctuAf a, /.; the 
rope, straps or hangers by which 
the creel or basket is carried, 
boceimr* (Con.), trmceimf (U. and 
M.), -e, -i, /. ; rim of a basket, 
buimie, g. id., pi. -in, m. 
Basket-maker, n., one who makes 
baskets, caoUvoóij\, -ójva, -jri, m. 
Basking, n., heating in the sun, 
SjviAnA'ó, -uca, m. ; 5 mAirgofx At), 
-f\tA, m.; bot£ ^ e 5n ein - 
Bass, n., a mat used to kneel on 

in churches, uiaca gU'nne, m. 
Base (in music), (1) *oor*, -iuf, m. 
(c/. x>of mop, the drone of the 
bag-pipes; (2) "ootvo, m.; (3) 
cojiu£An, f/. and ?>i. -Ám, m. ; (4) 
(|u")in\n, y. and pi. -Am, m. 

The bass string of a musical 
instrument, cAbtAc, -ai£, m. 
Bass, n. (Zbol.), a spiny-finned 

edible fish, ■ootHgean, -^ne, /. 
Bassinette, n., a wicker basket 
with wheels in which children 
are placed, cUáft&n j\oca. 
Bassoon, n.. a wind instrument. 

with holes and keys, cfiAnn 

ceóit, m; 
Bass-viol, n., a stringed instrument 

for playing bass, berótín ct\ónÁm. * 
Bastard, n., an illegitimate child, 

(1) bAfCAtvo, -aiiyo, m. (c/. Bret. 

bastard), béAptA úA|\ ceAnn 

pófUA ; (2) T>ftimAc, m., -mic. 

m.j (3) mAc -oioiAin (P. S.): (4) 

5A|\tAc, -A15, m: (Con.) ; pÁif ce 

"oíomAnAif (Don.) ; pÁtfce "oíom- 

Aom (Tyr.) ; (5) niAc Aft CAbApcAf 

also teAnb €AbAt\CA. 
Bastardy, ? the state of being a 
Bastardising bastard, bAfCAtvo- 

AróeAcc, -a, /. 
Baste, v.i., (1) to sew slightly. 

c|\eimneÁitim, -Ait ii. truA^Átt te 

5|\eAmAnuAib t:AT)A. 

(2) To beat with a stick, *oo 
btiAtAT) 50 T)1An. 

(3) To drip butter or fat on 
meat while roasting, •o'AoitteAi> 
peótA : to baste flint with butter, 
ctoc temeAt) "D'AoitteAt) te mm 
nó griiom "oo "óéAriAm £An fw\c 
5 An peAcc (0' Beg.). 

Bastinade, Bastinado, v.t., to beat 
with a stick, esp. on the soles 
of the feet, (1) buAittm te mAiT>e ; 
(2) x>o 5ADÁ1I t>e niAi"oe At\ 
bonnAib T)uine. 

Bastinadoed, a., beaten with a 
stick, b 11 Alice te niAroe. 

Bastion, n., a portion of a fortifi- 
cation projecting outward from 
the main enclosure, bAbtfum. 
-tun, m. 

Basting, n., sewing slightly, etteim- 
neÁit, -AtA, /. (Or.). 

Basting- thread, n., (1) comfnÁc. 
-Aire, -Ann a, /. (Con.) ; (2) 
ciunne, g. id., pi. -ni, m. (Aran). 

Bat, «.. for striking a ball, (1) 
rtAj;Án, -Ám, m. (ef. Kng. slog 
and slogger); (2) r*Ur, -re, 
-feAimA, /.; (3) pnifce. g. ul.. 


( 150 ) 


pi. -t\, m.; (4) neitnre, g. id., 
pi. -reACA, /.; (5) cuAitte, g. id., 
pL -eACA, /. 

Bat, n., an animal of the cheirop- 
tera order, (1) rgiAtÁn LeAtAin, 
-aw, m.; (2) eAtcój;, eitxeóg, 
eicteóg, míolxós nó lAlxóg LeAt- 
Ain, -órge, -ója, /.; (3) Lerúbín 
nó teA'óbÁn LeAtAin ; (4) peAfgAn- 
Luc, -luióe, -a, /. ; (5) éAn "oaLL 

Batch, n., the quantity of bread 
baked at one time, (1) bnucóg, 
-órge, -05A, from bjunt, to bake 
or cook ; (2) bjuntneoj;, /. (Con.), 
also bntntneAC, -tnje, -a, /.; (3) 
LUAUÓ5, -oij;e, -a, /., from Luaic, 
ashes, generally applied to a 
small heap of potatoes cooked 
under the live ashes or gfvior ac ; 
(4) ptnr céAt, -éit, m. ; (5) pnAir- 
ceAt, -ot, m. (Don.). 

Bate, vi., to allow by way of 
abatement or deduction, ni rriAit- 
-pvo ré ójVotAó, he won't bate an 
inch. See Abate. 

Bath, n., the receptacle or place 
where persons cleanse their 
bodies with water, (1) lonntAc, 
-A1C and -a, m., iouat) lonntACA; 
(2) -pot|\A5Ári, -Am, m.; (3) ionn- 
Alcói|i ; (4) pAtcA ce, hot baths. 
Knights of the Bath, Ttroifu' 
An lonnlAic (O'Beg.). 

B^the, v.t. and i., to wash by im- 
mersion, (1) ionnAiLim (nó ionn- 
iAirr.), -Ait ; (2) lonnUngim, 
-ttgAt) ; (3) pAlCAim (nó rx>LcAirn), 
-At) ; (4) potfAgAim, -At) (imp. 

pot|AA15), -At). 

Bather, n., one who bathes, (1) 

ionnUnj;teói-|\ nó lonnAttoin, 

-ó|aa, -fí, m. ; (2) -pÁmAine, g. id., 

' pi. --pi, m., a bather or visitor to 

the seaside. 

Bathing, n., the act of taking a 
bath, -potjAAgAX), -^tA, m. : ia*o 

-péW T) potttA^At) AgUf T)'ionntAt), 

to bathe and cleanse themselves 
(Keat. Utob.) ; potcAt), -ató, m. ; 
-pornAgAcc, -a, /. 

Bathing-dress, n., a dress worn 
while bathing, (1) culAm rnÁrh- 
uróe ; (2) ^AbAt-poiAc, m. 

Bating (or excepting), prep., acc 


Batlet, n., a little bat, rtirin, g. id., 
pi. -ní, /. 

Baton, n., a staff or truncheon 
used for various purposes, (1) 
bAidn jeAnn, m. ; (2) rtAicin, 
m. ; (3) Long, g. toifvg and Un^s, 
m. also gf. Loit^e and unjxge, /. 
Bee tTliL nA mbeAc 10. 

Battalion, %., a body of troops, (1) 
cac, -a, m. (3,000 men) : since 
no b. survives to Fionn, ó uac 
niAineAnn cAt A5 pionn (Oss. 
IV. 2) ; (2) buróeAn, g. and pi. 
ton rone, dat. buróm, /.; (3) 
peAt)Ain, g. and pi. -peAtmA, /. ; 
ceAnn -peAt)nA, a captain ; (4) 
cipe, g. id., pi. -pi, /. (m. p. T).); 
T)io|\mA, g. id., m. 

Batten, v.i., (1) to grow fat, *oo 


(2) To wallow, tinpA|\uAim, -so: 
cjAÁm unpuncAf 1 n-A r AtóAn pern, 
a sow that wallows or battens 
in her own filth. 

Batten, n., a thin scantling o: 
wood, rtireóg, -óige, -05A, /. 

Batter, n., a mixture of flour, milk 
and eggs to make pancakes, ptún 
bAinne Agtif tube meAfgtA cui 
pAnncógA x>o TDéAnArh. 

Batter, v.t., to beat with continuous 
blows, (1) buAitim, -aIat) ; (2) 
|\éAbAim, -aid ; (3) bnújAim, -axd 
to b. with cannon, x>o f\éAbAT) U 
gnnnAí mó|\A ; to b. one's face, 
A5AIT) T)tJine T)o bnifeAt) nó t>o 
btnjjAt) ; to b. down, x»o buAUvo 


( 151 ) 


Battered, a., beaten with succes- 
sive blows, bu Alice, bnifce, 

Battering, n., the act of beating 
with successive blows, buAiAT), 
-Alice, m.; fxéAbA'ó, -bCA, m. 

Battering-ram, n., jxeice co^ai^o, 
|\eite f\éAbAó nó féAbCA, 

Battery, n., (1) any place where 
cannons are mounted or the guns 
themselves, iotiat) ha mbro gunn- 
Ai"óe rnófiA nó CAuónAóA ftn'óce 
no tiA cAnótiACA -péw ; (2) the act 
of battering or beating, fiA5Aij\- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

Batting, n., the act of one who 
bats, fiAgAijvc, -ce and -A|\ca, 
/. (c/. slogging). 

Battle, n., a general engagement 
in war, cac, -a, m. (c/. W. cad) ; 
corh|\AC, -Aic, m.; bnuigeAn, -jne, 
-gneACA, /.; buAiAt), -Alice, m.; 
5ieo, g. 5iiA"ó, pi. 5Í1 at>a, dai. 
5Í1A1X), m. ; iAnn, -Airin, m.; iof\- 
$Aii, -e, /.; iaj^aíí, -Aiii, m. 

Battle, ?;.£., to fight, cActngim, 


Battle (fit for), lonóACA. 
Battle-array, n., cójuija'ó caca, 


Battle-axe, n., a broad axe used 
in war, (1) cuaj caca, /. ; (2) 
biAii caca (biAii, -e, /.) ; (3) 
biAii corh|\Aic ; (4) oiicuAg, -Aige, 

-AJATltlA, /. 

Battle-cry, n., (1) Abú, iÁríi *oeA^5 
Abú ; (2) 5Á1|\ caca. 

Battledore, n., the bat used in the 
game of battledore and shuttle- 
cock, iÁrhúiÁf\, -Á1|\, m. 

Battlefield, n., the ground where 
a battle has been fought, pÁifc 

An CO5AIT) ; CACiACA1j\, -LÁCf\AC, 
pi. -iÁC|AAÓA, /. ; CAClÁ1Cf\eAC, 

"^S' "r^í m -l íácaij\ óaCa ; Á|\ 
Battlement, n., the parapet of a 

fortification, bÁfVf\bAt,LA, gen. id., 
pi. -ííaí, m.; cAifeAiiAcc, -a, /.; 

CAIfeAiCACC, -a, /. 

Battlemented, a., furnished with 
a battlement, cAif eAitAc, -Aije ; 
cAifeAicA, ind. 

Battle-song, fofs caca. 

Bauble, n., a cheap, showy play- 
thing, (1) bféAjÁn, -Ám, m.; (2) 
ÁiiieA^Án, -Ám, m. (O'Gal.) ; (3) 
ÁiiieÁn, -Áin, m. 

Bawd, n., a lewd woman, -ofxuCAnog, 
-óige, -05A, /. ; (2) fCfUApAó (-j 
■pc|\iopAc, Don.), -Aije, -a, /.; (3) 
rneijvotteAc, -^i$e, -a, /. 

Bawdry, n., obscenity, (1) ^AffAiri- 
íacc, -a, /.; (2) míjeAntnriAró- 

eAÓC, -A, /.; (3) fCJUApACAf , -A1f , 

Bawdy, a., obscene, unchaste, (1) 

5Áf\f AtriAii, -rhiA ; (2) míjeAnm- 

Bawl, n., a loud prolonged cry, (1) 

béic, -ce, -ci, /.; (2) rs^eAX), g. 

and pi. -a, m. 
Bawl, y.i., to shout loudly, (1) 

f5|\eAT)Aim, -At) ; (2) béicitn, 

-ceAt) (0éicni5im, -mjAt), Or.) ; 

(3) giAtnAim, -at> ; (4) f5Ai|\citn, 

-ceA-O ; (5) fgAiAim, -at> ; (6) 

búif\pi5im, -je, Or. 
Bawler, n., one who bawls, (1) 

f5f\eA*oAif\e, gen. id, pi. -j\i, m.; 

(2) oéiceAóÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, m.; 

(3) béicif\e, #ew. id., pi. -|\i, ra.; 

(4) boiif5Ai|\e, m.; (5) sÁficóin, 
-onA, -|\i, ra.; (6) f5Aificeóif\, ra.; 
(7) éij;rheói|A, ra. 

Bawling, n., the act of shouting 
loudly, (1) béiceAt), -cce, ra. ; 
(2) fgneA'OAt), -"oca, ra. -j A5 
f5neAT)Ai5 ; (3) f^e^S^U "^, 
/• ; (4) éi$eAni, -niige, /. ; (5) 
f^AncjAii, -e, /.; (6) iiu$Ai|\eAcc, 


Bawling, a., fjjfieAoAiAo, -Aige ; 
iiú^AipeAC, -^Se. 


( 152 ) 


Bawn, n.,, an enclosure for cows, 
bAtyoun, -úm, m.; itiaca, gen. id., 
pi. -&\t>e. 

t)ero mACAme bó a^axw 
Aguf flitting ^iéi^eAt 1 scóif ua 
v oije. 

'Tis I shall have bawns of cows 
And a shining shilling to pay 
for drink. 

Bay, n., a harbour, (1) cuau, -aw, 
-ay\za, m.; (2) caUvó triAfA, g. 
and pi. cAtAit) niAf a, m. ; (3) 
oifeAf , — f\i|\, m.; (4) cAtriAf , -i.if, 
m.; (5) cAmóg, /.; (6) btéAti, 
-éwe, -éincí, also pi. -cfACA 
(Con.) j -uaóa (W. Kef.), (cf. 
btéAn Af5Ait, Achi.ll Sound) ; (7) I 
inbeA|\, -bif, m. (a river mouth). 

Bay, a., brown colour approaching 
to chestnut, t)orm, g. s. /. "oumne; 
•oonnfuAt), comp. *oonn-fUAróe ; 
c]\ón, -óme ; burófUAt), comp. 

Bay, n., the cry of the hounds, i 
tJAitt nA conAifce, the baying of 
the pack ; baying the moon, 
rriAf rriA'Of At) Ag uAfAnn 1 n-AgAit) 
nA ^eAiAije (H. M. 1034) ; (nó 
Leif An j.). 

Bay, n. (Bot.), the laurel tree 
(laurus nobilis), (1) tAbfAf , -Air , 
m.; (2) tAbfój;, /.; (3) LAbfAit), 
-e, /.; abounding in bay trees, 
LAbfAfAó, -Aige. . 

Bayonet, n., a pointed instrument 
like a dagger for fitting to the 
muzzle of a rifle, 11110*005, -ói^e, 
-a, f. (G. _D,); bAoinic (Foley) ! 
also niroeoj, /. 

]Be, v.i., (1) to exist, t>o beic, 
to be; bi .Annfo 1 rnbÁfAc, be 
here to-morrow ; be it so, biot) 
(fé) triAf fin, biot> ArhtAit) ; let 
them be for lights, bípíf niAf 

f oiltf ib ; be that as it may, 
biox) fin mAf if f éroif (nó niAf 
acá) ; and w r hich calleth those 
things that be not as though 
they were, Aguf $oif eA V ™ A neite 

11 AC bfUlt Att'lAlL Af (A^tlf) T)0 

bevoif Ann (Rom. 4, 17) ; it is 
not good that man should be 
alone, ní niAic "óon mnne beic 
1 n-A AonAf {Gen. 2, 18). 

Be off ! f 1 nb Ait ! micij, (cfoc 
pAoró, bAiUj nó fguAb) teAc ; 
cwf (au bóúAn) "oíoc ; rAbAifv 
x>o bótA|\ ofc ; buAit An bóúAf ; 
mitij nóiriAc ; bAin Af ; ueic 
teAc -pern. 

Be easy, biot) qaaXX ajac, 
^lAc ciaU, ; pAn f ocai|\ ; ceAp *oo 

Be moving, bí A5 bog At). 

(2) To happen, to take place : 
the market was yesterday, t>o 
bi av\ mAfu^AT) Ann \iyo6 ; if it be 
so why am I thus, mÁf itíaja 
fin acá cféAT) Af a bptnLnn-fe 
tnAf fo {Gen. 25, 22) ; if it be 
a son kill him, but if it be a 
daughter she shall live, niÁf 
mAC biAf Ann mAfburó é acu 
mÁf mjeAn biAf Ann beit) fi 
beó (Ex. 1, 16). 

(3) To signify, to represent : 
the field is the world, if é An 
feAfAnn An -ooifi An {Matt. 13, 
38) ; the seven candlesticks 
which thou sawest are the seven 
churches, nA feAcc $;coinnteói|i 
t>o connAifc cú if éAX) nA feAcc 
n-eA5lAifeAt)A 1AT) (Rev. 1, 20). 

Be is considered to gram- 
matically include am, are, is, 
was, were, etc., {cf. Ir. bu, but), 
bA, was ; W. bod, to be ; Skr. 
bhu, to be.; L. fu-i, I have 
been ; fu-turus, " about to be ; 
L'ith. bu-ti, to be ; O. Slav, by- 
ti, to be). 


( 153 ) 


Beach, n., (1) the shore of the sea 
or of a lake, washed by the 
waves, (a) c|AAij, g. and pi. -&%.&, 
/.; (b) caUvó, -ato, m.; (c) 
cuau, -Am, m.; (d) the shore 
up to high-water mark, cIatíac, 
-A15, -Aije, m.; (e) long and 
sandy, muif\beAc, -bige, /., pron. 
muijU'óeAc (Ker.), muf\bAc (Don.). 
(2) Shingle, (a) cmptm^, -ge, 
"Si? /• CooijVtir»5, Foley and G. D.. 
•oui|\teo5, J. C. W) ; a high 
stony shore where the stones 
roll against each other by the 
operation of the tide, the top- 
most part of the cUvoac ; com 
luomA"OAnn\il le ctocAib tiA 
cu i^Unge, as numerous as the 
stones of the beach ; ní tiA 
cLoca ha cui|\lm5e nÁ iat>, the 
stones of the beach are not 
more numerous than they 
(O'Don. Sup.), cf. Inifcuiptm^. 
an island in Clew Bay ; (b) 
toipifve, gen. id., pi. -|\i, m., a 
beach covered with stones and 
pebbles (Clare), (O'Don. Sup.). 

Beach-sand, n., 5AineArh -óAibce, /. 

Beacon, n., a signal fire on a 
mountain, also a conspicuous 
danger mark on the coast, (1) 
mAoLÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, m.; m&\\ 
rhAotÁn aja riuittAc An crléibe 
(Isd. 30, 17); (2) máoilec\nn, 
-Unn, m.; (3) jAAbACAn, aid, m., 
r AbAcÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, m. 
(M.) ; (4) Ájvbfótur -pottfAipe 

Bead, n., the stone of a bracelet 
or rosary, cloc bf\Áir-léi"o nó 

Beadle, n., an officer in a church, 
court or college, niAoj\ eA^lAife, 
eúijice nó colÁirce. 

Beadsman, n.. a pauper, Áirf\eArm- 
ac. -A15, m. (P. O'C). . 

Beagle, u.. a small hound, ^vVóAp, 

-A1|\, pi. 5A*ónAib, m.; pocA*oÁn 7 
-Ám, m. The cry of the beagles , 
r^Leo, g. id. m. = ^teó, with 
prosthetic s. 

Beak, n., the bill of a bird, (1) 
50b, g. guib, pi. id. and gobA, m. : 
■an f?Aro a béAf nAOf5 Afi morn 
no 50b uifiti, dim. gtnbín ; (2) 
-omuc, g. and pi. -a, m.; (3) 
cof\j\, r/. cui|\ne, pi. cofifiA, a 
generic term applied to any 
bird of the crane kind ; (4) roc, 
fine, m. 

Beaked, a., furnished with a beak r 
^obAó, -Aije ; jobAijte. 

Beaker, n., a large drinking cup 
supported by a stem, copÁn 
5111b, g. copÁm 5111b. 

Beam, n., (1) any large long piece 
of tiuiber ready for use and esp. 
the horizontal timbers in a house 
or ship, (a) fAiL, -aíac, pi. 

-AtXACA, -AltCeAÓA "| -Alice, /. 

(gl. L. trabs) ; (b) cross beam 
or joist, cfiArnÁn, -Ám, m., also 

(2) For rafters, each pair or 
" couple " being called, (a) 
bAff\A, g. id., pi. -ax, m., while 
one is teAubA|A|\A ; (b) r pA r |\A, 

■ra.,= bAf\ r A, with prosthetic s. 

(rpAituur, - e > -b f-i 0r -) \ ( G > 

T>f\ottA, g. id., pi. -aí, m, ; (d) 
c|u'ib An core; (Don.). 

(3) Beam connecting each 
couple, (a) cinng, -e, pi. id., f. ; 
(b) boimbéAt, -éiL, m. 

(4) Beam connecting the raf- 
ters and supporting the thatch, 
cAobÁn, -Ám, hi. (cf. 2 Kings 
6, 2). 

(5) Weaver's beam, (a) ^ajuiia, 
-n. )>l. -nnA, dul. -Ain, dot. pi. 
miuMl), /'.; (b) m<MT)e SAfxmAn : 
(e) 5A|\m<\ |\<\icin no vApm .*n 

(6) Cross-bar of a balance, (a) 


( 154 ) 


mevVó, -a, and -eroe, pi. -a, /.; 

(b) 0111115 n'i e At) a ; (c) cah'iah, 
-aui, -uca, »i., also cAriiAn córfi- 
difce (T?/r.). 

(7) Of a plough, (a) ceAnnp aóa 
(Co/i.) ; (b) beim, -e, -i, /. (M.) ; 

(c) niAroe f eif c|\i^e = f eif |Mje 

(8) Of a spinning wheel, 
-plmneÁn, -aw, m. 

(9) Of light, gAt, -Aet, pi. 
-Aete, -a, and -Ann a, m.; sun- 
beam, ^Aú 5f\éme : in the beams 
of the sun, a\\ t>eir eAt ha 5f\éwe 
•AjA *óeireAbAn ua 5j\éwe (Don. 
and Or.). 

Beaming, a., shining, tonntvAó, 
-Aije ; "oeALtjVAc, -Ai$e; niAriróA, 

Beamless, a., not emitting light, 
neAriilormfAAc, -Aige. 

Beamy, «., shining, LormjiAC, -Aije. 

Bean, n., a leguminous herb (faba 
vulgaris), pónAif\e, g. id., pi. 
pónfVA, /.; póifve, /. (Mun.) ; 
pónAp, -Ai|\, pi. id. and -njvA, 
m. (Or.), (cf. 2 Sam. 17, 28). 

Bear, n., a wild animal (Ursus), 
mAtgAtriAin, (j. and pi. -rim a, 
///.; beitin, -pe(AC), -yeACA, /.; 
béAn, -é\y, m.; b|\Aó, m. (O'Beg.): 
c|\oiceAnn béifv x>o "óíol fut 
>;AbtA|A é, to sell a bear's skin 
before one has caught him ; 
upr*, Ujtfós, /• (young) ; u^r-An, 
-Am, m. (young he-bear) ; yuy C05, 
/.. di\c (P. &) 

B( ar, ?:./.. (1) to convey, ioinó|\Aitn, 
-' A]\ : bear no burden on the 
bath day, ni lomcpAi-o ualac 
1 10 ha SAbóroe (Jer. 17, 21). 

(2) To render or give : thou 

snait not hour false witness 

aineN thy neighbour, ni Qédp- 

V-' P-AtttlAlfe Dpélge 1 

n-A$AfO*oocOtfiA^fAti (Ex. 26, L6). 
I 'I'm undergo, suffer or en- 

dure : my punishment is greater 
than I can bear, ir mo mo 
pionúr 11Á mAn -péA'OAim iomCAf\ 
(Gen. 4, 13). 

(4) To sustain or answer for : 
he shall bear their iniquities, 
lomCAjvpAro ré a 5CionncA (Isa. 
53, 11). 

(5) To bear children, ctnf- 
rinjpm, -riieAt). 

(6) To bring forth, to produce, 
as fruit, (a) beifurn, v.n. bjieit 
(cf. L. fero ; cf. Gr. <£épeu/, to 
bear, to carry, y/ bhéro, I carry; 
Skr. bher, to bear ; bharami, to 
carry) ; (b) cAbpAim, -oA^yz : ó'n 
LÁ a lAtisAt) mé, since I was 
born ; a tree bearing fruit, c r Ann 
a bei|\ co^At) ; can a fig-tree bear 
olives, An yé^ > o^y no cjvAnn prge 


(James 3, 12) ; the cow brought 
forth a calf last night, t>o yu^ 

AU bó tAO$ AjAéljA. 

Bear, v.i., to suffer or endure with 
patience, (1) -puitnpm, -ting ; 
(2) -pnlAmgim, -Lau5 ; (3) feAf- 
11151m, -fArii *] feAf, imp. ye Ay, 
fut. y eAfóCAT) -j f eAf ^At) : I will 
not bear it any longer, ni feAf- 
óca"o níor yume é ; (4) to bear 
with it, P0151T) nó porone t>o 
■oéAnArii Ain ; he was unable to 
bear with him, níon yéAr> yé é 
pntAing, níon -péAT» yé poi'óneArii 
Leir ; (5) cuijum y uAy t,e ; ní 
VéA'OAim cup f uAr teir, I cannot 
bear or endure him. 

Bear up to a ship, ceAóc ruAr 
Cum Unnge nó le tumg. 

Boarable, a., fofrutAin^te. 

Beard, n., (1) man's, péAfó^, -ói^e, 
-ó^a, /.; pionnpAt), -ai"ó, -Ai*óe, 
///.; uICa, gen. -An, dot. -Am, 
pi. -nnA, /.; sometimes Uica (c/. 
ywtAy, a shot, from u|\Ca^) ; 
jioibln, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 


( 155 ) 


(2) Goat's, (a) meigeAtl, -51U,, 
m.; (b) fmigvoe, g. id., pi. -x>í, /.; 
(c) f mergeAT), -51T), m. Don. ; (d) 
trmif5An, m. (Tyr). 

(3) Of barley, wheat, rye, etc., 

(a) C0L5, 0- an ^ pí. ctntg, m.; (&) 
cojAt, -Ait, m.; (c) cfocAt, -ail, 

(4) Of an arrow, (a) r-giAcÁri, 
g. and pi. -Am, m.; (b) com\Ári, 
-Ám, m. 

Bearded, a., furnished with a 
beard, (1) péAfós-Ac, -Ai$e ; (2) 
uIcac, -Aije ; coLjac ; tnei^- 
eAttAc, -Aije. 

Beardless, a., without a beard, 
neAmuLcAc, -Aije ; xH-péAfógAc, 
5Art péAfós. 

Bearer, n., one who sustains or 
carries, iomcAf\tóift, -ójva, -óij\Í. 

Bearing, n., (1) behaviour, car- 
riage, mien, carrying, iomcAf\, 
-ai^, m. 

(2) The act of producing or 
giving birth, bfeit, gen. -e, also 
beifte and béA^tA, /.; a woman 
past bearing, bean x>o ctiAro tAp 
cLAirm . 

(3) Purport or meaning, b^ij; 
g. -105 and -ije, pJ- -íoja, #. pi- 

-105, /• 

(4) Patient endurance, (a) 
-P11IAT15, g. -A1115 and -An^tA, £>L 
id. m.; (b) ctiAtAtrstACc, -a, /.; 
(c) feAfAtri, -Aim and -fUA, m. 

Beast, n., (1) a four-footed animal. 
(«) beicroeAc, -"015, -ca, 1w.; (b) 
be At ac, -A15, m.; (c) Ammi'oe, 
g. id., pi. -mmue, m.; (d) miot, 
g. mil, pi. -a, 1 -tcA, m., a generic 
term applied to any beast. See 

(2) A coarse brutal fellow, 
bfuiro, -e, -eAimA, f. 

Wild beast, (a) beitit)eAC aUca; 

(b) Aitro, -e, -i, f; (c) peitroe, 
g. and pi. id. /.; (d) pAt)- 

beicróeAc ; (e) T>AmpA, g. ííL, 
pL -Ai, m. 

Beastliness, n., the state or quality 
of being beastly, bfmraeAmtAcc. 

Beastly, a., brutal, filthy, (1) 
bfmroeAc, -"oije ; (2) bfiútoeAm- 
Ait, -mtA ; (3) f aLac, comp. 
f Alice and -Aije. 

Beat, v.i., (1) to strike repeatedly, 
(a) with the hand or any instru- 
ment, (i) btiAitim, -AlAX) : thou 
shalt beat him with the rod, 
btiAitprú cú teif Art cftAic é 
(Prov. 33, 14) ; they did beat the 
gold into thin plates, t>o buAit- 
e&T>Afi Ati u-óf 1 n-A pLÁcAtb 
cAnA (Ex. 39, 3) ; (ii) ^AbAim, 
-bÁit, with a\k : they beat one, 
T)0 $AbAT)-A|\ Af i?eA|A t)iob (Matt. 
21, 35) ; you will be beaten, 
geób^Afv ofic ; (b) to pound, (i) 
cuAi|\5im, -AjAjAm ; (ii) téifujim, 
-nijjAt) ; (iii) bjunjim, -uj;At)|: 
thou shalt beat some of it 
[spice] very small, bfunjpt) cú 
cum "oe fm |\ómín (Ex. 30, 36).; 
(c) to bang with loud-sounding 
blows, (i) pléAfgAim (also plAOfg- 
Aim -] btAOfgAim), -at) ; (ii) jvuif- 
51m, -úfjjA^; (<3) buffet, clAmcA, #. 
id ,pí-€Aí(cf. Eng. clout)', (e) drub, 
(i) teA > o|\Aim, -a*ó ; (ii) UúftAim, 
-ax); (/) maul, geAugAim, -a*o; (g) 
flog, (i) with a whip, tAf^Aim. 
-At) ; (ii) with a strap or any- 
thing raising weals, téAf Aim, -a*6; 
(iii) with a rope or anything 
that bends, -pAitpim, -peAt) ; (iv) 
-pAitcim, -ceAt) ; (v) fpAtpAim, 
-At) ; (h) cudgel, fmífcim, -ceA^ó; 
(i) belabour, thrash, (i) piAnnc- 
Aim, -At» ; (ii) peAfuÁitim, -Ail ; 
0") to beat into froth, as an egg, 
cóipijpm, -1U5AT) ; (k) beat out 
grain, to scutch, fjotAim, -At) ; 
buAiUm, -AtAt). 

(2) To overcome in any con- 


( 158 ) 


(2) On this account that (a) 
aja fon 50, (b) T>o cionn 50, (c) 
X)Á bítw r in : x>o ciorm gtifvAb Ann 
cu^ATiArv AfvAon rmonnA (Gen. 21. 

(3) For the reason that, T>e 
D tú5 50 : I do it for the reason 
that I wish to, T>éAnAim é *oe 
Ofvíg 50 bptnt miAn a^aiti ctn^e. 

(4) Because of, on account of, 
(a) mAf geAtt a\\ : cúicéocAró 
mé teAu -póf (béAT» fUAf teAu, 
Don.) mAfv geAtt aij\ rw, I 
shall "be quits with you. or 
even with you, yet b. of that ; 
1 n5e.AU, Le'n rheróifi, b. of the 
mirth ; (b) crvé : b. of not being 
there, cfvé (no coirs) 5An beit 
Ann ; (c) coif5 : b. of the eerie 
name being on the place, coirg 
An c-Ainm AefvAC a beic a\\ An 
Aic ; (d) ifÁ : b. of that, pari a 
cionn fin, x>Á >ófvuim fin ; (e) Afv 
fon : b. of that sin, a p fon An 
peACAi'ó f in ; (/) b. of the drop 
he drank, -oo 'oeAfSAib An b|\Aom 
"o'ót fé. 

(5) Since, (a) óirv (poifv U.) : 
go from us b. for thou art much 
mightier than we, imój uAinne, 
óir\ if curhAccAije tx\ 50 tuori 
nÁ -pmn ; (b) mAfx : I will have 
the last word b. I have the 
truth, bero An r:ocAt "oeirveAnriAC 
AgAm mAfv ÁCA An p-mnne A^Am ; 
b. the sun was set, mAfv *oo 
ctiAró An 5fviAn pAoi (Gen. 28, 

Beck, n., a nod, (1) rméro, -t)e, 
-T)i, /.; (2) bA^Aifvc, -jAftA, m.; 
(3) 505. 9en. 51115, pi. id., and 
-a, m. 

Beckon, v. I. and i., to make a 
motion or sign to by the hand 
or head, (1) rrnéroitn, ■^oeA'ó 
(cf. Skr. smi, smayate, to smile, 
\/ smeyo, I smile) ; he beckoned 

to them X)o r méro f é ofvtA (Luke 
1, 22) ; (2) bAjfvAim, -At) : after 
beckoning with his hand, iAf\ 
mbA^AifvC *oó te n-A tÁnti. 

Beckoning, n., the act of making 
a sign without words, (1) rméro- 
eAt) (rmeroeA5, Or.), -x>te, m.; 
(2) bA^Airv'c, -A^tA, m. 

Become, v.i., to pass from one 
state or condition to another, 
(1) the man became a living soul, 
CÁW15 An Tmme cum beic 1 n-A 
AnAm beo (Gen. 2, 7) ; he became 
silly, tÁini5 "oícéitte (t>íc céiUe, 
M.)aija;(2) he became mad, nD'eimj 
ré A|\ bvnte ; it became stormy, 
•o'eimj r é cum ^Aoite ; it became 
late, "o'eimj r é "oéróeAnAó ; (3) 
he became sick unto death, *oo 
5tAC cmneAf An bÁir é ; one of 
them became very penitent, t>o 
jlac AitfveACAf mó|\ -peAfv ACA '■> 
(4) he became wild, iD'imtij fé 
1 bpiA'óAncAf ; (5) I became a 
monk, t»o fvirmeAf rriAnAc T)iom 

To become of, to be the present 
or subsequent condition, fate or 
end of : till he might see what 
would b. of the city, 50 br/AiceAx> 
[fé] crvéAt) t»o tioepAt) T)o'n 
cAtrvAig (Jonah 4, 5) ; we wot 
not what became of him, ni 
•peAf T>úinn cfvéATD T)'imti$ A1|\ 
(Ex. 32, 1) ; and the old hag 
will become a beautiful young 
girl, A^uf "oéAnpAró cAitín 05 
ÁtAirm T>en cre-AncAiUij;. 

What became of him, ca*o 
"o'eifvig "oó : what became of the 
money, cat> T>'imti5 (cAimg) A r 
au Airv^eAT). 

Become, v.t., to suit, befit, to be 
proper for or worthy of : excel- 
lent speech becometh not a fool . 
ní niomóubAit) > o'AmA > oÁn 5L0 
•oeAfvfjnAó (Prov. 17, 7) ; a 


( 159 ) 


becometh women, mAj\ if cubAit) 
*oo mnÁib (1 Tim. 1, 10) ; it 
well became you, it was worthy 
of you, bA mAic An rhAife t)uic 
(ofic nó A-g&r) é ; it ill becomes 
you, if otc An rhAire oj\c ("owe) 
é, if otc a 05 ré ^tnc ; it does 
not become (suit) you, ni oijveAnn 
(róifveAnn, Or.) ré T)uic (c/. ar, a 
root word meaning to join, to 
fit ; Ate, a joint ; Gr. apBpov, a 
joint ; and Eng. art and article). 

Becoming, a., appropriate or fit, 
befitting, suitable, graceful, (1) 
cubAro, -e ; (2) cuibe, ind. : do 
what becomes a man of honour, 
x>éAn triAfi if ctnbe t>o "óume 
onófiAó ; (3) ctnbeAmAit, -mtA ; 
(4) ctnbeAr ac, -Aije ; (5) oijv- 
eAttiriAó, -Ai^e : it does not 
become a beggar to be proud, 
ní íioif\eAtfmAC x>o bACAc a belt 
tiAibjAeAc ; T>uAt, -Aite ; ni niA|\ 
rw *oo biro T)tJAt T>o'n peACAó t>o 
•óéAnAtú, K. Ubb., 263, 27. 

Becomingness, n., fitness, oijveAm- 
nAóc, -a, /.; ctnbreAóc, /. 

Bed, n., a piece of furniture or 
anything used for sleeping on, 
also fig. a layer or seam, etc., 
(1) teAbA and teAbAit), g. teAptA, 
pi. LeAptAóA, dat. teAbAró, /.; a 
feather bed, teAbA ctúmi ; (2) 
cuttACAU, -e, /. (c/. Cubicle) ; (3) 
ccntce, g. id., pi. -\ and -eA>OA, 
f. : €f\i coitceAt)A nA peine : 
bÁfiMijAt cj\Ann, CAonAó Agur ú^ 
tucAij\, branches of trees, moss 
and fresh rushes ; (4) lonvóA, g. 
id., pi. -aí, /., now applied to 
a sofa ; (5) reót, g. -óit, -j riúit, 
m., still used in ttnj-feóit and 
tui5-fiuii, childbed ; (6) cots, 
gen. and pi. cuit 5 , m.; (7) a bed 
on the floor or " shake-down," 
riAÁroeós, -ói^e, -a ; (8) a straw 

bed, teAbA ctnge (cocAin, Don.) ; 
(9) a flock bed, teAbA ptocAir . 

Bed of a river, or watercourse, 
5|\mneAtt, -mtt, m. 

Bedstead, rcoc teAptA. The 
framework alone, esp. the side- 
beams, cnAirce, which are also 
called cotbA, g. id. m. and 
corhtA ; the mattress, mACA nó 
teAbA ptocAir ; the tick, cocc, 
-a, pi. -aí and -AnnA, m.; the 
sheets, bf Aictíní ; the blanket, 
ptAmcéAT), -éiT), m.; the quilt, 
cintc, -e, -eAnnA, /.; the cover- 
let, fúfA, g. id., pi. -aí, m.; and 
the bed-clothes generally ctttoAC 

Go to bed, imtig a óo^otA-ó ; get 
up, bí ro' fume ; to go to bed, 
to lie down, An teAbAiT) a tAbAif\c 
Aifi pém (TTI. t).) ; Tint cum 
a LeApúA. 

Bedaggle,? v.t., to besmear or soil, 

Bedaub, J rmeAf\Aim te rAtóAjA. 

Bedazzle, v.t., to dazzle with light, 
•OAttAT) te 51 te. 

Bed-chamber, n., an apartment for 
sleeping in, (1) r eómf\A teAptA ; 
(2) cúitcr eómf\A ; (3) cubACAit, 
/. (c/. Cubicle). 

Bed-clothes, n., blankets, sheets, 
etc., for a bed, ctú'OAó (nó 
éA"OAÓ) teAptA. 

Bedding, n., for cattle, (1) AfAin 
(eArAi|\), -fjAAc, /.; (2) rop, g. 
rtnp, m., dim. roipín, g. id. m. 

Bedeck, v.t., to deck or adorn, (1) 
•oeirijim, -mjA-ó ; (2) 01 jm 151m, 

Bedew, v.t., to moisten with or 
as with dew, -ontictuigim (te) : 
I b. my cheeks with tears, -o. 
mo teicne te "oeónAib. 

Bedfellow, n., one who sleeps in 
the same bed with one, (1) com- 
teAptAc, -A15, m.; (2) cAoimteAc 
g. -tig, m., -urge, /., pi -a, m. 


( 160. ) 


and /.; (3) cneAfUToe, g. id., 

pi. -t>te, m.; (4) LeAbAcÁn, m.; 

(5) cAorhnAroe. 
Bedight, a., adorned, (1) "oeifigte ; 

(2) oinnrgce. 
Bedlam, n., a. madhouse or lunatic 

asylum, bfwróeAn rhi|\e; ceAC 

Bedrid, ) a., confined to bed by 
Bedridden,! sickness, q-vóiVrj;e, 

^nÁtttnje a\\ heAb&m. 
Bedstead, n., (1) fcoc teAptA, m.J 

(2) corhlA teAptA (Tyr.) ; (3) 
the frame, cnAifce, g. id., pi. -uii 
m. See Bed. 

Bedtick, n., the cloth which en- 
closes the materials for a bed, 
cocc, -a, wi. 

Bee, n., the honeybee (apis melli- 
fica), (1) beAC, g. beice, pi. -a, 
/., meAc (Con.), rmeAC ; (2) 
beAcriiAn, g. and pi. -Am, m. ; 

(3) two^on, g. and pi. -oin. tri. 
(the drone) ; (4) beáóój, /. 
(Don.), also be^tój;, -órge, -05A, 
/.; (5) wild bee poUÁn, Ám, m. 
(Don.); swarm of bees, jmiuc, g 
id. /.; a bee in the bonnet, ewo- 
cfvomAcc, -a, j. 

Beech, n., a forest tree (fagus 
sylvatica), (1) peA^A, /., g. and 
pi., id.; (2) -pÁróbite, (/. triL, 
2>í. -lí, m.; (3) beAtój;, /./ (4) 
beit nA rneAr; (5) cj\Ann r4eAuiAin. 

Beechmast, n., the nuts of the 
beech, (1) ineAf -ye&gA ; (2) 
X)aca\\, g. -Aij\, in. 

Beechnut, n., the nut of the 
beech, nieAróg pÁTObrle. 

Beef, n., the flesh of the cow or 
bullock, mAi-pc-|?eóil, -óLa, /. 

Beef or Beeye, pi. Beeves, n.., an 
animal of the genus bos (Crr. 
Bovc), a bull, bnllock or cow, 
rnA|\c, -ai|au, »i. 

Beefsteak, n., a slice of beef for 

broiling, fCA-rog (nó fcérój;), -e, 

-eACA, /. 

Beehive, n., a receptacle or nest 
in which bees live and store 
honey, (1) cofcós, 015, -05A, f. 
(cfoiceó^; nó coifceog, /.) ; cojv * 
C05 fioiiÁn, wild bees' nest 
(Don.); (2) beehive in a hedge 
or in the ground, cnuAfóg, /., 
also pUiAfnój, curnó$, ctiAr-05 ; 
(3) in moss or in the sides of 
fences, cúnr-ój;; cAtn'105, one in a 
fence, in Cork. 

Beeman or Beemaster, n., one who 
keeps bees, beACAtfe, g. id., pi. 
-|\t, m. 

Beer, n., a fermented liquor made 
from malted grain and flavoured 
with hops, (1) Uonn and teAnn, g. 
teATitiA, pi. tionnuA and teArmuA, 
m.; norm -oub, porter ; (2) 
beói|i, g. beó|VAó, dat. beójVArg, /.; 
strong beer, beóij\ tÁroin; small 
beer, beótn cAot, teAnn CAot, nó 
tA^-tionn ; black beer or porter. 
beoifvoub ; beer and ale, beótn • 
A^uf Uonn ; (3) b^o^óro, -e. -Í, 
/.; (4) 5fiuit>, -e, /.; (5) t)|Uiroin, 
m. Bad beer, rptmcnAC, -A15. m. 
Danish beer, lager beer, beótn 

Beerhouse, n., an alehouse, erg 
(nó ce^c) teAnn a, m. 

Beeriness, n., beery condition, 
-ptigAcc, -a, /. 

Beery, a., affected by beer, ru^Ac, 

Beestings, n. See Bies tings. 

Beeswax, n., the wax secreted by 
bees, céif\ibeAc,#e>?.céineAc beAc, 
/.; céin riottÁn (Don.). 

Beet, n., a biennial plant of the 
genus beta, producing an edible 
root the first year and seed the 
second, (1) bém, -e, /.; (2) beice 
-pi£ (Hogan). 

Beetle, n., a wooden pounder, (1) 


( 161 ) 


flip (fleif, Don.), -fe, -feAnnA, 
/. ; (2) ctiAifsin, gen. id., pi. 
m, m., also cuAifgnin, cuAif- 
nin and cuAiflín (the flif is 

1- flat and light for pounding- 
clothes in washing, the cuAifgin 
round and heavy, as for pound- 
ing flax) ; (3) fiomAroe, gen. id. 
[.; (4) femroile, also pAitfroiLe 

■ and f emx)ite ; (5) for scutching 
flax, ftirm, -e, -teAunA, /.; (6) 
fAfCA, g. id., pi. -ca-oa, m., also 

- f AfCA ; (7) frnucÁn, -aw, m. 
(Tyr.) ; (8) teififce, cj. id., pi. 
-ci, m. 

Beetle, n., any insect of the order 
coleoptera, (1) the common black 
beetle (blatta orient alis), ciAfój;, 
-oi^e, -ójja, /.; (2) a long black 
beetle supposed to have a sting 
in its tail, Tt&ol, g. -aoH, -a, m., 
also T)A|\b-T)Aot, pron. 'o^iaa- 
t>aoI, (M.), x)a\\-X)aoI (Don.). 
"oeAfgA-'OAoL (Con.). >oAf "oaoiI 
(Or.) and *oaiíi -oaoí ; (3) 
the burrowing beetle that flies 
about in summer evenings mak- 
ing a sound like a Jew's-harp 
(cfiimpA), cftnnpAUÁn, -Ám, m. 
(M.), also called pfimpioUÁn 
(M.) : pfiompAUÁn ; ptumbAfLÁn 
(U.). eÁflonuvm (L T .) ; ceÁfnAtriATi 
(Don.): cuvjAój beAnmnjce, the 
" horse clock " which flies with a 
droning noise in summer even- 
ings (Tyr.). 

Beetling, n., beating clothes with 
;l beetle, ftifeÁít, -áía, f., also 

Beetradish, 1 n., the common beet 

Beetroot, (beta vulgaris), 

Beetrave, ) ma-ocAf, -Air, m., 

alSO lUACAf. 

Beeve. See Beef. 
Beewort, //.. a plant, rrietiffd. 
Befall, v.l. and /.. to happen, to 
come to pass, (i) xx» te*smÁM, 

-oo (also ca^h'iaiI), pron. ceAnj;- 
ríiÁit : without knowing what 
will befall me, jau fiof AgAm 
cat) teA^mócAm "oom ; (2) tÁf Ia: 
and such things have befallen 
me, Agup x)o tA]\lAX)A\\ a teitéi"o 
fin xyo neiob •ootii-p a ; (3) lest 
misfortune befall him, aja eAgiA 
50 n-nnteócAT) (nó 50 "ociocfAt)) 
cubAifce Aif ; (4) if mischief 
befall him by the way, ni.\ 
bAweAnn cubAifce "óó fÁ cftíge '■> 
a great misfortune befel me 
yesterday, tAflA mí-A'ó rrióf of m 
nroé ; (5) emu fé auiac, it befell. 

Befalling, n., happening, ceAgtúÁit, 
-áLa, f. 

Befit, v.t., to suit, to become, 
oipnn (póifnn, Don.), v.n. oif- 
eAniAm ; it did not befit him to 
do it, níof oif fé "oó a >óéAnAih. 

Befitting, a., suitable, becoming, 
oifeAtrmAé, -Aige. 

Before, prep., (1) in front of, 
ahead of, preceding in space, 
(a) fonii(e) : b. me, fotfiAtu ; 
b. you (sing.). fotúAu ; b. him, 
fonne ; b. her, fotmpe ; b. us, 
foniAmn ; b. you (pi.), foriiAib ; 
b. them, fornpA ; (b) 1 h-ajai-ó : 
better a hungry lion b. you than 
a treacherous cur behind you, if 
f eAff eón'iAu cf Aor ac ro' a$au> 
11Á niArofin feALtCAC ro' tnAro : 

(c) 1 jcionn : I), us, 1 n-Áp ^cionn : 

(d) a\\ cionn : b. them, a\\ a 
jcionn ; (e) Af béAt : b. me sat 
the maiden, a\\ mo béAi t)o ftiró 
An óijbeAn ; &\\ béAlAib. in froilt, 
on hbrsébacl? or in a coach ; Af 
C1UA1I), behind'; (/) 1 ii-oa-oau : 
walking 1>. rne, Á5 buAtA'ó ah 

bCAtAC 1in" CAT)Atl. 

(2) Preceding in time, earlier 
than, juuniie) : as it was b. 
that, nu\|\ -oo l')i i\oin'ic fill ; 
b. deal li. póífh lÍÁf : I la- darkest 


( 162 ) 


AV\ UA1f 1f 

hour b. the dawn, 
T)OfCA fomi tÁ. 

(3) Face to face with, facing, 
in presence or sight of, (a) 1 
tÁcAif : he bowed b. the people, 
•o'timttnj; fé 1 tÁCA1f\ tucc n-A 
cí|\e ; (b) 1 Of iATmAif e (An U15- 
eA|vn^), b. (the Lord) ; (c) óf 
comne : always b. me, óf mo 
comne 1 gcomntiroe ", (d) óf 
corhAi|\ : right b. your face, óf 
t>o corhAij\ Am-Ac ; b. all the 
world, of corhAif ah €f ao$aiU 

(4) Preceding in dignity, order, 
rank or worth : rather than, (a) 
foufi : b. everything, foirn 5AÓ 
tnte nit) ; (b) t&\\ : b. all women, 
tA|\ mnÁio ah T)omAin ; (c) tAp 
ceAnti : b. or in preference to 
the other man, caj\ ceArm An 
T)tnne eite. 

Before, ad., (1) in the front, as 
opposed to the rear, foitii(e) : 
the battle was b. them and 
behind, T)o bi ah ca£ fompA -j 

1 V\~A tVOIAVO. 

(2) Already, previously, in 
time past, (a) ceAnA, they were 
there b., bioT>Af Ann ceAnA ; (b) 
foirh f é ; (c) 1 n-AttóT). 

(3), (a) In Advance in point 
of time, (i) f tit : b. the day was, 
f nt t>o oi An LÁ Ann (Isa. 43, 13) ; 
it was little that thou hadst be- 
fore I came, if beA$ t>o 01 ajac 
ftit tAimg mife (Gen. 30, 30) ; 
(ii) fAf(A) : look b. you leap, 
T)e4f\c f Af a (nó f tit) téimif (M.); 
b. they came my way, ftit aj\ 
cAf At) Am' tfeó iat> (P. O'L.) ; 
(iii) f nt f Á : b. we give an ac- 
count of the battle, ftit fÁ 
•ot 115 Am cÁfg An caca (Oss. 
IV. 144) ; (iv) f nt a : I paid 
the rent b. the time, t>o Tnot mé 
An ciof f ut a f Aib An c-Am Ann 
(Or. song) ; (v) ftit mÁ (pron. 

fumA in Don. and ftriA in Or.) : 
the child must creep b. he walks, 
if éigni *oo'n teAnb tÁtfiACAn ftit 
mÁ fitiDtAit) fé (U. prov., H. M. 
680) ; in U. the forms ftit a 
t>cí 50 and ftit fA t>uí 50 are 
also heard ; (b) in anticipation 
of, (i) fA coinne ; (ii) te nAjAró; 
(c) in preparation for, f Á córhAif . 
Before long,-^AV\ mófÁn moitte. 

Before-cited, a., already cited, 

Beforehand, ad., (1) in advance, 
foim tÁnfi ; (2) aforetime, foim 
fé (pron. fí-fé, W. Lim., foim 
fe, Ker.). 

Before-mentioned, a., already men- 
tioned, féAm-ttiAróue ; foim- 
fÁróce (M.). 

Befoul, v.t., (1) to pollute, cftiAitt- 
151m, -iu$A*ó and -teAt) ; (2) soil, 
make dirty, fAttngim, -trgAT). 

Befriend, v.t., (1) to act as a friend 

tO, CA|\A1T)im (CAf AT) tnjim), -AT> AT) 

(2) to favour, fAbfAim, -bAifu. 
Befriended, a., having friends, 

CAf AT)AC, -A1$e *, CAfAT)AmAlt, 

-mtA ; cAomntnjte, ind. 
Beg, v.t., (1) to beseech, to en- 
treat or ask earnestly for, (a) 
lAffAim, -Aró : begged the body 

Of JeSUS, T>'lAff fé COfp ÍOfA 

(Mat. 27, 58) ; (b) gtiroim, --óe 
and -T)eAccAin : I b. of you to 
do it, 5tnT)im of c é "óéAnAm ; (c) 
Atctnn$im, -§e : 

I beg of God for youth once 
Of Christ for beauty's magic 
With all my teeth firm, white 
and close, 
And three times three to love 
me well. 

—From " The Old 
Woman's Prayer." 


( 163 ) 


Accuingim aj\ T)ia mo belt 05 

Atcuini£im Aj\ Cjuorc mo oeic 
tTI'piAcLA T>o beit T>Lut, •OAmgeAn, 
A$ur Cju cmúifA t)o oeic Am 
f eA|\c. 

— Acóum^e ua SeAnmnÁ. 

(d) to ask deferentially or respect- 
fully : lb. your pardon, ^AbAim 
pÁjroún ajac (M.); 5ADAim *oo 
pÁfVoún (Don.) ; I b. leave, gAb- 

Aim CeATD A^AZ. 

(2) To ask for charity, iAj\jiAim 
T)éi|\c : his wife begging from 
door to door, a beAn A5 iAf\]\Aro 
•oeij\ce 1 nT)Oj\Ar ^ac Aon tig. 

Beg, -y.i., to ask alms or charity. 
iA|\|\Aim, -ait) : I cannot dig and 
I am ashamed to b., ní péroin 
tiom fvómAH "| if nÁij\ liotn "oéijic 
•o'ia^hait) {Luc. 16, 3). 

Began, imp. of Begin : I b. to 
speak, xyo uionnrgnAr a\k tAbAific; 
he b. to speak, x>o torurg (nó 
torn u 15) r é aj\ LAbAi|\c ; she b. 
to cry, "oo c|\om (nó *oo U115) 
fí A|v §uL ; she b. scolding them, 
T)í|M5 ri ofitA ; he b. to think, 
"oífuj ré A{\ rhAcoiAm. 

Beget, v.t.. to procreate, to generate 
(1) 5einim, neAriiAin (cf. yevos, 
birth ; c/. Eng. kin, akin, kins- 
man) ; (2) cuirmij;im, -rmeAt) ; 
(3) clAnrmrjim, -115 a*ó ; (4) mAc- 
nuijim, -115 At). 

Begetter, n., one who begets, 
5einceóif\, -ójaa, -j\í, m.; cmr- 
mijceói^, m. 

Begetting, n., the act of pro- 
creation, jemeAriuin, -rhnA, /.; 
cuirrheAt), -mix), m. 

Beggar, n. (1) one who asks or 
entreats earnestly, (a) petitioner, 
iA|\]Aátói|\, -ó\\a, -f\í, m., also 

iA|\|Atii5ceói|\ *| iAf\|\tói|\ ; (&) 
craver, fío|\tói|\, -ó|\a, -|\í, m.. 
also rífvteóin 1 fí|\teAó, -ti$, m., 
fíoj\tó5, -óije, -a, /.; (c) a dun 
cfeADAT>oi|\, -óf\A, -|\í, m. 

(2) One who habitually asks 
for alms as a way of living, (a) 
bACAc, -A15, -Ai$e, m. : the b. 
need not fear the thief, ni 
bAoj;At T)o'n mbACAc An gAtm roe; 
(b) a strolling beggar, (i) beAn 
nó peA|\ riubAiL ; (ii) riubloif\, 
-ójia, -fu, m.; (hi) pucAif\e, #. 
id., pi. -|\i, m. (Con.) ; (c) a 
maimed or crippled beggar, or 
one who habitually exhibits sores 
real or otherwise to move com- 
passion, mAif\cineAc, -1115, m. : 
even crippled beggars would not 
eat it, ní íorpAí) ua mAif\cinig 
pém é ; (d) a cripple without 
legs attached to a thick board 
(ciÁif\ín) w r ho moves along with 
the aid of two pieces of timber 
held in the hands, cLÁif\íneAó, 
-nig, -mje, m.; (e) TnugAifie, g. 
id., pi. -f\í, m. (Con. and U.) ; 
(/) "oíot T)éi|\ce, also an object 
of charity ; (g) beggars collect- 
ively, (i) luce fi ub Ait ; (ii) Luce 
tnífie, frommífA, a bit or portion; 
(iii) Luce mípe Ajur mÁLA. 

Beggar, v.t., to impoverish, bocc- 
nuijim, -ujAt». 

Beggarliness, n., the quality or 
state of being beggarly, boccAin- 

eACC, -A, /. ; CeAÚA1f\-Cf\AÓ, /. 

Beggarly, ad., in a mean or des- 
picable manner, 50 bocc ; 50 


Beggarwoman, n., a woman who 
begs for alms, (1) ríojAtój;, -óige, 
-a, /.; (2) beAn t)éifvce ; (3) beAn 

Beggary, n., extreme poverty, (1) 
boccAineAf, -mr, in.; (2) bocc- 
Aine, g. id. f. 


( 164 ) 


Begging, n., (1) petitioning, (a) 
iA]\ttACAf, -Aif, in.; (b) i^-jAjicAf, 
-Aip, w.; (c) finceoirteAcc, -a, /.; 
(4) craving for pity's sake, 
oiti5AineAcc, -a, /. (Or.). 

(2) Asking alms, (ft) A5 iau f aio 
(ha) oeince ; (b) begging from 
door to door, A5 pubAl notmif. 

Begging, a., supplicating, (1) iahu- 
aOcac, -Aige ; (2) pnceAc, -crge. 

Begin, v.t», (1) to commence or 
enter on, (ft) uof 11151111, -115AO ; 

(b) coifrgim, -1115 aO (Con.), cof- 
1111151111, -115 At) : he began to beat 
him, 00 toping (nó 00 tor-ning) 
fé A|v é buALAó ; (c) úii§iin, -ge : 
we had better begin in God's 
name, cá fé cotii niAit A5A11111 
tinge ifceAc (cuoiiiaO Ain) 1 
n-Ainm T)é. 

(2) To trace or lay the founda- 
tion of, (ft) cioiiiif5iiAiin, -Am 
and -at) ; (b) b 11 1111151 111, -115AO. 
Beginner, n., one who begins or 
originates anything, (1) copinoe, 
gen. id., pi. -óte, m.; (2) cofiug- 
teóifi, -Ojia, -m~. m.; (3) tof- 
mngteóin, 111.; (4) uioiinf5Anuói|\, 
in.; (5) cúfóifi , -óua, -jri, m.. 

Beginning, n., (1) the commence- 
ment of an action, state or space 
of time, (ft) cúr- , -inr-, in. : in 
the b., A|\ ocúf , au ocinr (M.) ; 
in the b. of my life, 1 ocúf mo 
f A05A1L ; from b. to end, ó tíhr* 
50 oeifieAO ; b. with a cough 
and ending with a coffin, cur- 
ie cAfAccAij; if oeij\eAO re 
córiinAwn ; a good b. is half the 
work, cúf (cofAG M.) niAit teAt 
ha Uoibfie ; (b) 1 mbéAt : in the 
b. of spring, 1 mbéAL ah eA|A|\Ai5 ; 

(c) idiom : every spring morning 
has a cold b. (lit. head), bionn 
ceAim oub A|\ 5AC 111A10W eA|\p- 

\2) That which begins or ori- 
ginates something, the origin, 
source, first cause, (a) cofAc, 
-A15 ; (b) coif eAc, -fig, m. (Con.): 
I am .... the b. and the end, 
ir m ife . . . . An cof ac 1 ah 
oeijieAO (Rev. 1, 8) ; cofAc 
tinnse clÁn, cofAó Át a cIoca, 
cof ac ptAtA f Aitce, COf ac ftÁwce 


(3) That which is begun, (ft) 
cof 115AT), -mgte ; (b) corn ngAO, 
-mgte ; (c) coifmg At), -igte, m, 
(d) cioiiíif5HAiú, -Ann, also -atica, 
m.; (e) cionnf5AOAt, -Ail, mi. 

Begone, inter., go, depart, get you 
gone, (1) imtig ieAc (nó uóiíiac) ; 
(2) PÁ5 mo ]\ aoauc ; (3) cum 
pubAiL teAc ; (4) bí A5 miceAcc ; 
(5) bAit.15 teAc ; (6) pAoró ; (7) 
cuoc no fSUAb IeAc ; (8) emu 
(aii bócAu) oioc ; (9) CAbAin 00 
OOcau one ; (10) buAiL An bótAf ; 
(11) bAin Af ; (12) ceic teAc 

Begotten, ft., procreated, (l)5emce, 
ind.; (2) cmfriugte, ind. : Aon 
1Í1AC ciufiingte T)é, the only 
begotten Son of God. 

Begrudge, v.t., to envy the pos- 
session of, (1) mAoiónn, -OeArii ; 
(2) idiom : you would think he 
begrudged me this woman, fitpeA 
511 n riión teif 00111 ah óeAti fo ; 
he does not at all b. it, m móiv 
teif é con An bit (111. 111. H.) 
I do not b. it to you, rri móu 
tiotn 0111c é. 

Beguile, v.t.. to delude by guile, 
craft or artifice, (1) meAtlAim, 
-aO : the serpent beguiled me 
and I did eat, 00 uieAll ah 
hacai|\ 11111'ie mé -| 00 ic mé 
(Gen. 3, 13) ; why hast thou 
deceived me, cuóao pÁ^'n u"ieAtt 
cú mé (Gen. 29. 25) ; (2) ceAl5- 
Aim, -aO ; (3) fAobui5im, -u$aó; 


( 1,65 ) 


(4) ctiiAnuignu, -ugAT) ; (5) briéAj;- 
nuigim, -115AT) ; (6) brvéAgAim, -at). 
Beguiled, a., deluded by guile, (1) 
meAttcA, ind.; (2) fAobcA, inch; 
(3) ceAtjjinjce, ind. 
Beguiler, n., one who beguiles, (1) 
meAttcóifv : te bm At fvAib bmne 
T>o ineAtlAT) pnne ; (2) y Aobtóij\, 
-6yA, -rví, m.; (3) ceAtgAirve, gen. 
id., pi. -pi, m.y (4) ctuAnAirve, 
m.; (5) ctuAiHiTOe, g. id., pi. 
-"óte, m. 
Behalf, n., (1) advantage, benefit, 
favour, interest, profit, (a) yon : 
Ay mo fon, Ay X)o yon, Ay a 
for», on my, your, his b. ; (b) 
I am glad therefore 011 your b., 
Arv An ÁT)bAp-fom acá 5Áirra- 
eACAf omn ouy "ocAob-fA (Rom. 
16, 19) ; we give you occasion 
to glory on our b., -oo beirumro 
y&t 5Áirv*oeAóAf T)íb *o'Ár\ T>cAoib 
(2 Cor. 5, 12). 

(2) Defence, stead, support, 
vindication, rAy ceAtm : I will 
fight on her b. (in her defence), 
cforofeAt) tAfi a ceAnn. 
Behave, v.t., to conduct or com- 
port, used reflexively, (1) iomóAf\- 
Aim, -cAr\ : iomóAij\ ci» fém, b. 
yourself ! 
Behave, v.i., to conduct, bear or 
carry one's self, (1) idiom : he 
behaved badly to her, bA nó 
(b<vó é) A11 , or\oc-ceAnn tjí; (2) he 
behaved treacherously towards 
him, r\iwne y e feAtt Aifi. 
Behaviour, n., (1) manner of be- 
having, good or bad, (a) io»uca|\, 
-aijv, m. : T>rvoic-iomcAv\; also 
■o^octiunneA-o, nee, m., bad b. ; 
T)ei5-iomcAr\, good b. ; good b. 
comes with learning, 05 iomcA r 
le yo£luim ; (b) mot)Aif»tAcc, 
-a, /. 

(2) Conduct, good or bad, (a) 
béAf, g. and />/. -a, m. : -ourne 

"oeig-bédf ac, a man of good b. ; 
(b) good b., míimeA'ó, -nee, m ', 
míinó.T) (Don. and Tyr.) 

(3) Carriage, deportment. cA nr - 
Áipue, g. id. in.; iotncAf\. <virv., m. 

Behead, v.t., to cut off the head 
of, (1) •oiceAnnAim, -a*o (cf. W. 
diben, and Bret, dibenna, with 
interchange of b and c) ; (2) 
bAimm (-tic), r^iobAnn (-at)), 
ceitgnu (-gcAn), f^otAitu (-a-ó) 
CAinnAnn (-ax)) au ceAtm -oe. 

Beheaded, a., having the head 
taken off, -oiceAnncA. 

Beheading, n., the act of cutting 
off the head of, -oíóeAntuvó, -trncA, 
m.; "oíceAnriAT) Com IJAirre. 

Behest, n., a command, a mandate, 
(1) ófvou^AX), -mtjee, m.; (2) 
Aitne, g. id., pi. AiteAticA, /. 

Behind, prep., (1) at the back of, 
on the other side of, (a) a\\ cut: 
he was b. the door when sense 
was being distributed, bi ye Ay 

CÚt AW T)OflAir TU1A1|\ A bí Atl 

óiAtt t)á r\oinr»c ; b. the ditch, 
Ay out au ctAit)e ; b. the house, 
Ay cut au cije ; (b) cAob tiAn 
x>e (t)ia tiA|\, M.) : to abuse 
a man b. his back, -oo rhAptujA-o 
émne CAob cia|\ -oe ; Aotroume 
t)o rhAf tu^A'ó Ay a cut ; the rulers 
were b. all the house of Judah, 

T)0 blOTJAr^ 11 A 1lUACCAf\Á111 CAOb 

tiAn tnte t>o C15 1t»T)Ar» (Nek. 
4, 16) ; (e) Ay yj^At óriAirm, b. 
a tree. 

(2) Left after departure from 
life or to a distance, 1 rroiAró : 
the girl he left b. him, ah caiIíu 
T)'f áj; y é 1 n-A -óiató ; a treacher- 
ous little cur 1). you, inAiT>f\in 
y eAttcAc 1 "oo Y)iau') ; where those 
that wore left b. stayed, hia|\ aj\ 
fAnATJAfi An tiiéiT) t>o fÁ^Af) 'n-A 
tvoiai-o (1. Sam. 30, 0). 


( 166 ) 


Behind, ad., (1) at the back, in the 
rear, (a) An ^cúi ; (b) LeAf uiAn. 

(2) Towards the back or rear, 
backwards, 1 nxMAró : look not 
b., nÁ réAó &t> t)iAró ; the Ben- 
jaminites looked b. them, -o'Am- 
AinceAtiAn nA "bewAmicrj; 1 n-A 
ivoiAro (Judg. 20, 40). 

(3) Backward in order of suc- 
cession, An t)ei neAt) : always b., 
1 Scótimtiróe Af T>eif\e.<vó ; falling 
b., A5 "out cum T)einit). 

Behind-hand, ad., backward, 1 
n'oiAit) LÁnfie ; An ^cút. 

Behold, v.t., (1) to look at, (a) 
péAóAim, -At) ; (o) "oeAncAim, 
-At) (cf. Skr. dare, see) ; (c) 

Atf>A-pCA1tn, -A|\C. 

(2) To see clearly, cím (M.), 
cóím (?7.), -peicitn (Con.), v.n. 
peicfmc, -peiceÁit (Con. and U".), 
peir^mu (M.). 

(3) To regard with the eyes. 
bneAtn 11151m. 

Behold, v.i., péACAim, -aw(c) : and 
I beheld, and lo, tnme fin 
T>'-péAc mé -j -péAó (Rev. 5, 6). 

Beholden to, a., obliged to, in- 
debted to, -pé (-pÁ ; £aoi) comAom 

Beholder, n., a spectator, (1) 
nmjteóin, m. 

Behoof, n., advantage, benefit, 
interest, profit, use, cAinbe, g. 
id., pi. -eAóA and -bi, m. ; 
mAiteAf, -a, m.; LeAf, -a, m.; 
corhAinte *oo teAfA, advice for 
your b. or advantage. 

Behoves, v.t., to be fit for, if coin 
(nó if lomcubAró) t)úmn -péACAm 
f ut T)o béAnAtnuro (f tit a •dch^a- 
mnro) teim, it b. us to look be- 
fore we leap. 

Being, n., existence, (1) bit (biot), 
g. beAtA, pi. biotA, m. (cf. W. 
byd ; Bret, bed) : 1 nT)iA acá 

Án mbeAtA, Án tuAt)Ait Ajuf Án 
mbit, in God we live, move and 
have our b. 

(2) A living creature, a human 
being, cnéAcnin, -únA, -ní, m. 
(also cnéAcún, -úin, m.) : a 
living b., cnéAcúin beó. 

Being, p. pr. of Be, under which 
see root, beit : I do no good by 
b. here, ní néAn-rhAit t>Am belt 
Annfo ; for the purpose of b., 
cum beic; on b. asleep, iAn mbeit 
'n-A 5coT)t At) *óóib ; and the win- 
ter b. very cold, A^uf An beic 
t)o'n jeimneAt) no-piiAn (P. L.) ; 
on the point of b., a^ cibeit. 

Belabour, v.t., to beat soundly, (1) 
buAlAim 50 cnom ; (2) I be- 
laboured his bones, t>o bnúi§ 
mé a cnÁrhA ; (3) plAnncAim, 
-At) ; (4) niAfcÁiAim, -Áit ; (5) 
bAC|\ÁtAim, -Á1I ; (6) gneA'OAim, 


Belaboured, beaten soundly, (1) 

buAitce 50 unom ; (2) bnúijce. 

ind.; (3) bAcnÁtcA, ind. 
Belated, a., overtaken by night, 

Amtuj 50 "oéróeAnAó ifcoit)ce 

Cv Ari oroce). 
Belay, v.t. (Naut.), to make fast, 

as a rope, t>o fnAt)mAt) .1. nópuroe 

nó có|rouróe tiimge *oo fnAt)mAt) 

Belch, ft., an ejection of wind from 

the stomach through the mouth T 

bnncc, -ucca, /. 
Belch, v.i., to eject wind from the 

stomach through the mouth, (1) 

bnúccAim, -ax) ; (2) conn^im, 


Belching, ft., the act of eructation, 
(1) bnnccAt), -cca, m., also bnúcu- 
%axI, -e, /. (bnncxAt), Don.) ; (2) 
connAt), -ncA, m. 

Belching, a., inclined to belch, 
bnuccAC, -Aije. 


( 167 ) 


Belcher, n., one who belches, 
bfúccóif, -ófid, -fí, m. 

Beldam, Beldame, n., a hag, caiII- 
eAc, -ti$e, -a, /. 

Beleaguer, v.t., to surround with 
an army, lonrofuroim, v.n. id. 

Beleaguered, a., besieged closely, 
lonroftiroce, ind. 

Belfry, n., a bell-tower, (1) clogcÁf , 
-Áif , m ; (2) clorgteAC, -urge, 
-trgte, m. 

Belie, v.L, to show to be false, 
to charge with falsehood, (1) 
bfeAgntnjim, -ujatd : you lie ! 
c'éiteAó; tu^Aif c-éiteAó; their 
actions b. their words, bféAg- 
ntngro a ngniotriAf tA a mbf iAtf a; 
(2) fAf 11151m, -lijAt) : not belying 
you, ni 1 *oo f Af ugAt) é 

Belief, n., faith, (1) cferoeAm, -Turn, 
m. : through b. of the truth, 
cfé cferoe-Am ua -pifmne (2 
Thess. 2, 13) ; (2) ifif , g. iffe, /. 
To the best of my belief, >oo 
féif mo ttiAiftne (nó mo X)A\i- 

Believable, a., credible, mcferoce. 

Believe, v.t., to give credence to, 
(1) cf eroim, -T>eAtr\ and -T)eArhAin: 
do you b. that, An gcferoeAnn 
en fin ; I would not b. it at 
all (lit. from the world), ni 
óf eiT)finir ó'n cf Aog^t é ; b. me, 
cfero nAim-fe ; who would b. 
it, cé CferofeAó é (cf. Bret, 
credu, to believe). 

Believe, v.i., to have a firm faith, 
Cf eroim, -T)eAtti and -T>eAtfiAin : 
Lord, I b., cf eroim a ÚijeAfnA ; 
for it is by the heart man be- 
lieves, óif if teif An gcforóe 
óf eiT)teAf ; everyone who would 
not b., 5-ac T>tnne n^c gcfero- 

Believer, n., cf eromeAc, -tinj, -mrge 
m.; pi. luce cferoitii. 

Believing, n., placing confidence 

in, (1) cferoeAtíiAin, -mnA, /.; (2) 
cfeit)fin, -e, /.; (3) cferomeAil, 
-AIa, f. 

Bell, n., clog, g. and pi. cling, m. 
(cf. Bret, cloc'h), dim. s. cUngin, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m.; 51151'n, m. ; 
ceolAn, -Am, m.; muiiÁn, m.; 
mmlleAn, m.; the little b. which 
is rung during Mass, clogAfAn 
ctéifi$ ; chime of bells, cóm- 
fogAf clog ; alarm b., clog ipó^- 
^o^at) ; death b., cfeitnl, -e, /.; 
ring the b., ouaiI nó bAm An clog. 

Bell-clapper, n., ceAngA ÓU115, clAg- 

Belladonna, n. (BoL), the deadly 
nightshade, atropa belladonna, 
(1) Uif An mongAif, m.; (2) Uif 
móf , m.; (3) Uif x\a *oíb móf , m.; 
(4) ttif r\A noroce. 

Belle, n., a beautiful young lady 
who attracts notice, (1) fpéif- 
be^n, /.; (2) fctiAife, g. id. /.; (3) 
mAigfe, g. id., pi. -fi, /. 

Bell-flower, n. (Bot.), a plant of 
the genus campanula, (1) small- 
leaved, cufAC wa cuAice ; (2) 
round-leaved, plufán clingne-Ac. 

Bell-founder, n., one who makes 
bells, cUng'óéAncóif, -ófA, -fí, 
m.; f eAf >oéAr\zA CU115. 

Bell-hanger, n., one who hangs 
bells in the places assigned for 
them, cfoc^ife clog ; f eAf 
cfoccA clog. 

Bellicose, a., pugnacious, bfin£- 
neAó, -nije. 

Belligerent, a., pertaining to or 
tending to war, cogtAC, -Aije. 

Bell-man, n., a man who gives 
notice by ringing a bell in the 
streets, (1) ipeAp cling ; (2) 
clogAife, gen. id., pi. -fi, m. ; 

(3) fof-fnAgAftóif , -óf a, -fi, m.; 

(4) 5Áifteóif , m. 
Bell-metal, n., bronze which is 

used for making bells, being 


( 168 ) 


usually an alloy of three parts 
of copper to one of tin, rmocAl 
Bellow, v.i., to make a loud 
hollow noise like an enraged 
bull, (1) 5éitrntn, g. -mneAó and 
-rnpeAc, ^5 géimnij; (no 5éimpit;); 

(2) búitpnn, -\\eAt> (W. Lim.) ; 

(3) buiptirn, -ceAó (P. O'L.) ; 

(4) bútppróim, -pe<vo, A5 búipp§ 

Bellowing, n., (1) of cows, (a) 
5e1trme.dC, -mje, /*.; (b) 5éimpeAC, 
/. (W. Lim.) ; (c) but), -a (G. I).)\ 
(d) btibÁit, -ÁtA, f. 

(2) (a) of bulls, búitpeA*ó, -pro, 
m. ; (b) biiipteAc, -tit;e, /. ; biip- 
feAc, Don. ; also btnpuic, /. (HI. 

Bellows, n"., an instrument for 
blowing fires, btnt5 (cum péi-oue), 
pi. of botj, a bag; reroeAn, -Ám, 
»1., (Don.). 

Bellows-blowing, n., the act of 
working a bellows. bot5AipeAcc, 
-*, /. 

Bellows-maker, w., one who makes 
bellows, (1) bot5A > oóip, -ópA, -pi, 
m.; (2) buit5-"óéAncóip ; (3) f eAp 
T)éAntA buit5 ; (4) poblAó, -A15, 
-Aije, m. 

Bell-ringer, n., one who rings a 
bell, (1) cto5Aipe, g. id., pi. -pi, 
m.; (2) cuujipe ; (3) ipope, g. 
id., pi. -pi, m.; (4) Aipcpeoip 
(O' R.) ; (5) peAp bAmte C.U115 
(F. M. 448). 

Bell-ringing, n., the act of ringing 
a bell, cto^AipeAcc, ^, /. 

Bell-rope, n., the rope by which 
a bell is rung, céAo An CU115. 

Bell-wether, n. } a wether sheep 
with a bell on its neck, muiiu 
An ciuig. 

Belly, n., the abdomen, (1) boLg, 
g. and pi. btul5 ; (2) uÁpp, -a, 
pi. id.. ##£. -Áipp, /. (of. W. tor ; 

Bret, tor, formerly tar) : a\\ a 
t&pp 1 n-ÁipT)e, lying on his 
back ; (3) méA*oAt, -Ait, m. (W. 
Lim.) ; (4) niAotAt, -Ait, m.; (5) 
fat b., seóip, -e, /. 

Bellyache, n., pain in the bowels,. 
cinneAr ctnpp ; *oorc;-b 1111,5. 

Belly band, n., a girth, (1) 510PCA, 
g. id., pi. -AÍ, in.; (2) cÁpp-gAt), 
-Aro, m. : to crown all your ills 
your b. is loose, mAp bÁpp a^ 5AÓ 
5AlAp uá "oo tÁpp-gAT) p5Aoilce 
(Ker. and W. Lim.) ; (3) 5AT) 
rÁppA, m. (5Ab cÁppA, Don.) ; 
(4) lAtt An bmtg, /.; (5) ceAnncÁn,. 
-Ám, m. 

Bellyful, n., more than enough, 
tán bmt5. 

Bellyworm, n., (1) piApc $oite, /.; 
(2) miot soite, m.; bot5~pAirc. 

Belong, v.i., (1) to be the property 
of, bAinnu, nó beAnAWi teif, I 
b. to him ; I have money but 
it does not b. to me, cá AipseAt)' 
A5Am acc ni tiom péin é ; the 
book belongs to me, if tiom-pA 
An teAbAp ; it belongs to him, 
if teif é. 

(2) To be the concern, func- 
tion or business of : do not 
interpretations b. to God, uac 
te T)ia bAineAp ciAttu^AT) (Gen. 
40, 8) ; that does not b. to or 
concern you, ni baweAnn fin 
teAC Come, M,). 

(3) To be part of or connected 
with, to be appendant or related 
to, to owe allegiance or service 
to : things belonging to the ses- 
vice ol God, neite bAineAf te 
5nóúAib X)é ; I do not b. to you 
01 owe you allegiance, ni't bAmu 
A5Atn teAU. 

Beloved, a., (1) *oit, -e ; (2) «oitif ,. 

-tpe and -irte ; (3) iontf»Ain, -e. 
Beloved, n., one greatly loved, (1> 

fíop-gpÁ-ó, m. : he giveth his 


( 169 ) 


b. sleep, t)o béAfAit) -pé co'oUvó 
t>'a po^^Á-ó (Ps. 127, 2) ; (2) 
5jvÁT), m. : my b. is mine and 
I am his, ij? tiom-fA tno 5^^ 
1 if teif tnife (Cant. 2, 16). 

Below, prep., pÁ, j?aoi, pé. 

Below, ad., (1) tiof, at rest b. 
(pof, motion down from here, 
i.e., downwards ; Aniof , motion 
from b. to here, i.e., upwards) : 
tAini5 ré Aníor, acc tine ré 
ríor Aj\ír ; (2) teArcíor ; (3) rÁ 

Belt, n., a girdle, (1) cfuor, g. 
cjieAfA, pí. cjieAfAnnA, m.; (2) 
rÁirj;eÁn, -Áw, m.; (3) rpeilp, 
-e, -eACA, /.; (4) rtmfAmj; (also 

ruirT 1r >5 1 r ei tT 1r >5)> " e > -e^CA, /. 
(c/. surcingle). 

Belt, v.t., c^eArurcjirn, -u^A'ó. 

Beltane, i.e., May-day, n., X)eAi- 
cAine, gen. id. f. (pron. bout- 
tewe, b slender). 

Belying, n., the act of showing to 
be false, (1) bf\éA5n trgA'ó, -uijte, 
m.; (2) r ÁfuijAt), -tngte, m. : not 
b. you, ni 1 t>o f ÁfvujA'ó-f a é. 

Bemire, v.t., to soil with mud or 
dirt, (1) rAtiugim, -1154*0 ; (2) 
rAlCAim, -A-ó ; (3) rmeAfiAim, 


Bemired, a., made dirty, rAUnjjte. 

Bemoan, v.t., to lament, to be- 
wail, (1) caowuti, -neAt) ; (2) 
5é\A|\CAoinim ; (3) ^tntun, v.n. 
5ut and 501. 

Bemock, v.t., to ridicule, uia^a-d *oo 
"OéAtiAtri -pAoi *otnne. 

Bench, n., (1) a seat like an elong- 
ated stool, riiAjmiA, g. id., pi. 
-a\, m. 

(2) A long table at which 
mechanics work, the table at 
which judges sit, the persons 
sitting as judges and the court 
or room itself, tnnnre (nó 
bewnre), g. id., pi. -ri and 

-feACA, /.; bmnpe *olúicio , oóf\A 
nó fiúnéAjAA, a joiner's bench ; 
thnnre au ftfqg nó SuróeAóAn An 
Ceij\c, the King's Bench ; casting 
him from judge to judge, from 
jury to jury, from Court to 
Court, "o'á teitgeAn ó bf\eiteArii 
50 b|veiteArii, ó coifoe 50 coiroe, 
ó bwnre 50 bmnre (P. L.). 

(3) A kind of natural bench 
or long stretch of raised ground 
near a lake or river, ÁjroÁn, -Ám. 

(4) Bench in a hayrick or a 
seat in a boat, yeA]\ -a, pi. 
id. m. 

Bend, v.t., (1) to move out of a 
straight line, (a) to make crooked 
CA1UA11U, -At) ; (b) to curve like 
a bow, (i) lúbAim, -at> : it is 
a light wind that would not 
bend a blade of grass, ip beAj 
An $Aoc uac túbtAt) U]\Áirnín ; 
(ii) cubAim, -ax) ; (c) to bend, 
as the knee, reACAim, -ax) (also 
to move or stir) : bow your 
head and b. your knee, cj\om 
T)o ceAnn if reAC ^ $tún (Oss. 
IV. 60) ; (d) to crook, to incline, 
as the head, (i) cfoniAnn, -ax> : 
the heaviest ear of corn bends 
its head lowest, au "oiAf ir 
c|unme if írte ófAománn a ceAnn ; 
(ii) AomAim, -ax) ; (e) rillmi, 
-leAX) : it is impossible to get 
a b. or a move out of it (as a 
pole fixed in the ground), ni 
péroip ptleAT) nÁ reACAt) X)o 
bAinc Af (c/. c above) ; (/) to 
turn aside, as a branch, a twig, 
fftAonAim, -ax) ; (g) to twist, (i) 
tiAnAitn, -At» ; (ii) peAnncAnn, 
-ax) ; (iii) pf\eAnncAim, -AX). 

Bend, v.i., (1) incline, lean, bow, 
clAonAim, ax) (c/. Lat. in-clinare; 
Gr. kvlvu). to incline, v gleyo . 
(2) To b. downwards, as corn in 


( 170 ) 


lodging, fLdtri-ACAitn, -At) (rteAtfi- 
acauti, W. Lim.). 

(3) To bow in prayer or in 
token of submission, (á) rtéAcc- 
Airn, -At) ; (b) CfiorriAirn, -At) (c/. 
Bend, í;.í., 1 d). 
Bend, n., (1) a curve, (a) tub, 
-úibe, -a, /.; (b) cop, gr. and pZ. 
cuifi, m. (c/. L. curvus) : the 
Path of the Three Bends, cAfÁn 
r»A tdcjm gcopv ; (c) in the back, 
(i) t)|\onn, #. t)f\tnnne, pi. -a, /. 
(also Tifuiirm, pron. T)fiún in Con. 
and Wat., and >omjinn in "PT. 
Lim.) ; (ii) gocAt), -Ait), -Aroe, 
m.; (hi) fpAic, -e, -1, /. : she 
has a hump and a b. and a 
glen in her back, cá cj\uic -j 
fpAic 1 gteAnn 1 n-A T>funm (p. 
ua X).) ; (2) like the crook of 
a stick, cfomAt), -mtA, m.; (3) 
bend of a wood, bléAn, -éine, pi. 

-éWCÍ, -Cf\ACA (Con.), -CACA (W. 

Ker.) ; (4) pAj\, -a, pi. id. m. 

Bendable, a., easily bent, -po-túbcA. 

Bending, n., the act of straining 
out of a straight line, (1) CAmAt), 
-mtA, m.; (2) t-úbAt), -oca, m. : 
b. is better than breaking, -if 
■peA|\|\ túbAt) nÁ b|\if eAt) ; (3) 
túbAnnAigit, -e, /. : b. under a 
load, A5 t. -pÁ uAtAó (HI. t).), 
also tubAjwAc, -Aije, /., A5 
tubAf\tiA 5 (P. O'L.) ; (4) c|\otn At) 
-mtA, m. : b. under the weight 
of years (.1. both bending and 
turning grey), roif\ cj\om ax> if 
Liacat) t)ó ; (5) ctAon At), -ncA, 
in.; (6) -peACAt), -cca, m.; (7) 

piA^At), -Alt), m. 

Bending, a., inclined to bend, (1) 
túbAó, -Ai$e ; (2) -peAuncAc, -Atge. 
See Bend, v.t. 

Beneath, prep., (1) lower in place, 
-pÁ, -pAoi, pé (M.), -pó : under the 
mount, fAoi bun An cpléibe (Ex. 
32, 19). 

(2) Under something superior 
or that oppresses or burdens, 
beneath the stimulating lash, -pÁ 
bfiot) bfwpctngte (K., Ubb. 52y). 

Beneath, ad., (1) cior : the sky 
above and the earth b., au 
fpéi|\ tiiAf *] au cAtAtn cior ; 
(2) teAf cíof ; (3) 1 n-íoccAj\ : 
thou shalt not be b., ni bem 
cú 1 n-ioccAfi (Dent. 28, 13). 

Benedict, n., a married man, -peAn 


Benedictine, n., a brother of the 
Order of St. Benedict, bj\ACAif\ 
'o'Ótvo SAn t)einroicc. 

Benediction, n., (1) beAunAcc, -a, 
/., blessing ; (2) coip|\eACAt), -cca, 
m., consecration ; (3) alcu^a 1 ©, 
-tnjce, m., grace at meals ; (4) 
eA-ppAinc, -e, /., Vespers. 

Benedictory, a., expressing wishes 
for good, beAnmnjteAC, -cige. 

Benefaction, n., a benefit con- 
ferred, •oeij-jnion'i, -a, -aj\ca, 

Benefactor, n., \ one who confers 

Benefactress, n., J a benefit, (1) 
comAomeic, -mg, -ruge, m.; (2) 
corriAoinceói|v, -óf,A, -pi, m.; (3) 
comAnncóif\, m. 

Benefice, n., an ecclesiastical living, 
beAtA eAgtAife. 

Beneficence, n., the practice of 
doing good, (1) roifvbeApcAp, 
-Aif, m.; (2) *oéAnAtn "oeAg- 
oib|\eACA ; (3) tuAic-gnioriiAcc, 
-a, /.; (4) mAit-t)éAnArh, -ncA, 

Beneficent, a., doing good, (1) 
coipbeApcAc, -Aige ; (2) rnAic- 
gníotfiAC, -Aije ; (3) rnAic-t)éAnc- 
ac, -Aige. 

Beneficently, ad!., in a beneficent 
manner, 50 coif\beAf\cAc. 

Beneficial, a., useful, profitable, 
cAi|\beAc, -bi$e ; peit)eAriiAiL, 


( HI ) 


Beneficially, ad., in a beneficent 

manner, 50 cAif\t)e.dc. 
Beneficialness, n., profitableness, 

CA1f\beACC, -a, /. 

Beneficiary, n., one who receives 
a benefit or advantage or holds 
a benefice, au cé A5 a mbionn 
he At a eA^LAire. 
Benefit, n., (1) advantage, profit, 
(a) cAijibe, gen. id., pi. -oeA^A, 
m. : it would be more to your 
b., X>eAX) fé tiíor mó cum T)o 
tAijvbe ; to derive b. from, 
UAifvbe no bAincAf ; (&) rocAf\, 
-Aifv, m.; (c) teAf, -a, m.; (d) 
éAT)Áit, -áIa, /.; (e) -p|\é : of no 
b. to them, hac -pj\é aj\ bit 
t)óib (Ccm.) ; (/) 5á|\, m. : it is 
of no b. to be complaining, 
cau 5A|\ a beit A5 cAfAoiT) (Z7.) ; 
(g) -pA^ÁtuAf , -Aif , m.; (h) idiom: 
it is little b. he got by it, if 
beAg a bí t)'a bÁf\ji Aige ; (i) 
■perom, -e, /. 

(2) An act of kindness, a 
favour conferred, (a) rriAit, -e, 
/'. : three benefits that go to loss 
— a b. done to a bad man, to 
an old man and to a child, cni 
tfiAite téróeArm Amu'óA — rtiAit 
A|\ An-Tnnne, mAit Afv f eAn-miine 
"! inAit A|\ pÁifce ; (&) triAite. g. 
id. f. : for your own b., mAfv 
rhAite teAc -péin ; (c) mAiteAfA, 
g. id. /.; (d) (i) cotnAom, -e, /. ; 
(ii) comAoine, g. id. f. :. to confer 
a b. on him, comAoin x>o óuji Aifi. 

Benefit, v.t. and ii, to gain, to 
profit, cAiftfn^un, -1115 At). 

Benevolence, n., the disposition to 
do good, (1) TieA^Aijne, gen. id. 
m.; (2) T)eAg-toa, -e, -tolA and 
-toiteATinA, /.; (3) rocnAi-oeAóc, 
-a, /. ; (4) -oAnrieAititAoc, -a, /. 

Benevolent, a., having a dispo- 
sition to do good, (1) x>eAj- 
AigneAC, -nije ; (2) -oéA^Ai^eAn- 

ca ; (3) idaotia ; (4) ^eijgníom- 
ac ; (5) focfVAit), -e ; (6) niAit- 
eAf ac, -Aije ; (7) T)eAj;toileAc, 
-ti$e (also -toitceAnAc) ; (8) 

T)Á1ttieAttlAll, -itltA. 

Benighted, a., overtaken by night, 
An oroce *oo tuicim aj\ t)uine. 

Benign, a., of a kind, gentle dis- 
position (1) rÁrh, -Áníie ; (2) 
mtnnnceAfvóA, ind. : the b. will 
of God, fÁttitoiL T)é. 

Benignity, n., (1) kindness, gra- 
ciousness, mumnceAfvoAr, -Air, 
m.; (2) mildness, gentleness, 
■pÁirhe, g. id. f. 

Benignly, ad., in a benign manner, 
50 fÁtú, 50 trmirmueAjvóA. 

Benison, n., a blessing, beAnriAcc, 
-CA, m. 

Bennet, n. (Bot.), the commom 
yellow flowered avens (geum 
urbanum), mACAt, -ah, m.; mACAt 
piAt)Airi, m. (wild) ; m. coiile 
(wood). ' 

Bent, n., (1) curve or flexure, (a) 
CAtriAT), -mtA, m.; (b) ItibAt), 
-btA, m.; (c) c-fvom At), -tA, m.; 
(2) inclination or turn of mind, 
ctAon At), -CA, m. 

Bent, a., (1) crooked, no longer 
straight, (a) cAm, -Aime (c/. y 
Kemo, I surround, arch); (&) 
cAtntA, ind.; (c) esp. with age, 
(i) cj\om, -uime (c/. W. crwm ; 
Bret, krum) ; (ii) cfiom tA, ind.; 
(d) túbtA, ind. ; (e) cubtA : the 
Hag of the Inward-bent Tusks, 
CAilleAc ha rcAif\pACAL ctib tA ; 
he is b. to the ground, ca a 
t)Á ceAtin cum cAtAirh. 

(2) Strongly inclined towards 
in mind, character, disposition 
or desire, (a) ctAon, -oine ; (b) 
ctAoncA, ind. : strongly b., 
ceAnnclAon ; to be cruelly b. 
against one, t>o beit c aoh 

ÓfU1At)ÁlAC 1 n-A$Alt) tnnne. 


( 172 ) 


(3) Strongly inclined towards ! 
something so as to be resolved, 
determined or set, (a) a\\ ci : b. 
on injuring me, &]\ ci mo 
•óíojdáLa ; they were all "at j 
him " — -b. on jeering at, mock- \ 
ing, harrying, worrying him, etc., 
Agtif ^AX) 50 Léij\ a\\ a ti ; (b) 
b. on injuring me, A5 iAf\fiAi"ó 
Bent, n. (BoL, agrostis vulgaris), 
a reed-like grass, (1) mui|\ineAc, 
-mg, m.; (2) bittine^c, mi; (3) 
mujvAmeAc; m.; (4) buACAiU, -e, 
/.; (5) mtqvÁn, -Ám, m. 

Benumb, v.t., to deprive of sen- 
sation or sensibility, (1) r-pAroim, 
-■oeAft ; (2)(ft)T)Att|\iii5im,-u5At'): 
benumbed with cold, •o-ALttuujte 
te ^uacc (O'Beg.) ; teAgcA ieif 
An bpuAcc (M. lit. melted); (b) 
TjAUfvAim, -Aft : my hands are 
benumbed, uá x>Áli\\Aft im tA*o- 
jvAib (Tyr.) ; (3) fcnompiiigim, 
-115^*0 : he is benumbed with 
cold, ca b.df\|Vd (nó mAn n) teAtAji 

A1fl teif All X)1£UACZ ", CÁ bAflfAA 

léine nó puAf\-nime Ain {Con.) ; 
jza lon^AtitAc (longt^c, Don.) 'n-A 
n'iéAj\Ai£> Or.). 
Benumbed, a., numbed, deadened, 
(1) pparote ; (2) f c^ompurgte : 
b. with cold, -p. teir An ttpiAcr 
(m. t>.) ; (3) fUopAC, -Ai£e ; (4) 
•OAlLiunjte ; (5) puAn m.Ano 
(stone dead). 

Benumbing, n., the act of numbing 
or deadening, (1) f pAroeA"ó, -ftte, 
m.; (2) fcpompugAT), -urgte, in.; 
(3) puA.ncnApA'ó, -ptA, in. 

Bequeath, v.t., to give or leave by 
will, (1) pÁ^Ami te ntiArt>Acc, 
colloq. I protest, I declare 
solemnly ; (2) tiA-o-Acctngim, 
-u^A'ó ; (3) aomnAim, -Aft (also 
ciomntii£im, -115 a-o). 

Bequeathed, a., left by will, (1) 

oorriAncA ; (2) 11 Aft Accmjjie. 
Bequeather, n., one who bequeaths, 

(1) ciomAnuóin, -ój\a, -j\Í, m.; (2) 
ciomnmgteóif . 

Bequeathing, n., the act of making: 
a bequest, (1) ciomtiAT), -m-AncA. 
m.; (2) oomAwc, -e, /.; (3) 

UA'OACUAT) (tlA'OACCn^AT)), -urgce,. 

Bequest, n., that which is left by 
will, (1) uAftAcn, -A t -.AnnA, f, ; 

(2) oomnA, -mAnzA, pi. -aí, m. 
Bere, n. (Bot.), a species of barley 

(hordeum hexastichon), (1) mAol- 
Án, -Ám, m.; (2) eojvnA oe-Aj;. 

Bereave, v.t., to deprive, (1) tza\x- 
Aini, -Aft ; (2) nvó "oo bAin "oe 
twine ; (3) poltti 11151m, -115AT) : 
I will b. them of children, 
poitriieóCAi > ó mé ia"o pÁ n-A 
5ClAinn (Jer. 15, 7) ; let their 
wives be bereaved of their 
children, vottmnjjteAH a mrvÁ 
pÁ n-A 5Clomn (Jer. 18, 21). 

Bereaver, n., one who bereaves, 
CAttCÓ1|\, -ójia, -\ú, m. 

Bereaving, n., the act of depriving 
of something, (1) caUa-ó, ~Voa, 
in.; (2) A5 UAinc *oe. 

Bereft, a., deprived of something. 
caUx-a, ind. 

Berry, n., any small fruit, (1) caoiv 
-a, pi. id. /., dim. cAof\ó5, /. (0r.) r 
(ef. Gr. xapiros, fruit) ; (2) 
fméA|\, -éi|\e, -a, f. (also -éiju 
-tA, in.) ; (3) f «§a nó f ut)A. 
g. id. in. 

Berry-bearing, a., producing berries 
cAoinbe,Af\cAc, -Ai$e. 

Berth, n., a place in a ship for 
sleeping in, te^bA Unn^e, nó 
teAb-Ai*o 1 U1W5. 

Beryl, n., a kind of precious stone - 
heinU, -e, /. (c/. L. beryllus ~ 
Gr. firjpvWos). 


( 173 ) 


Beseech, v.t., (1) to ask urgently, 
iAppAim, -Aró : I b. you hear 
me, lApp Aim mAp 5pÁfA ope éipc 
tiorn ; (2) pípiin. -|\eAt) (also 
píopAun, -At)) ; (3) to beg, to 
solicit, Atcmngim, -j;e : I b. you 
on my knees, Atcumpm ope a\\ 
mo t;Unnib ; (4) Aiccmi A|\ T)ia, 
IAppAim if 5uróim 50 cpuAit), 1 
b., beg and pray of God ; (5) 
$nit)im, -t)e (of. v / ghedhyo, 
I ask); (6) AjpAim, -^t). See 

Beseeching, n., the act of imploring, 
■omgAipeAcc, -a, /. (Con. and U.). 

Beseeching, a., imploring, "OHi^Aip- 
eAC, -tv.$e. 

Beseechingly, ad., imploringly, 50 

Beseem, v.t., to be lit, proper or 
worthy of, -do beit ctnoe. 

Beset, v.t. to set upon on all 
sides, to waylay, ionnpAi$im, -50; 
■otintcimceAllAim. -At). 

Beset, a. hemmed in on all sides, 
X) l ú 1 1 ci mc e Altu a . 

Beshrew, v.t., to curse in a mild 
form, eAi"5Ain, -neAiMm. 

Beside, prep., (1) at the side of, (a) 
caoV) te : it is b. you, cá pé 
caoO teAc (no let) tAob) ; b. 
him. taoV) teip, te u-a tAob ; (b) 
lÁirii Horn : sit b. me, p tut) lÁnfi 
1 10m ; (c) 1 11-Aice : b. the woods, 
1 n-Aice ua 5C01U ; (d) te IiAip : 
I»- her, ie n-A iiArp ; (e) coif : b. 
him, te n-A óoip ; b. a lake, coip 
I oc-d ; b. the sea, coip ua pAippge ; 
(/) 1 opo^up -oo. 

(2) In comparison with, (a) 
pe-dú : the eagle is big b. the 
wren, ip mop ah piotAp pe-dó ah 
ppeóilín ; (/>) pcACAp : it is no1 
worth mentioning b. the vexa- 
tion you caused me, ní pui cpÁóc 
Aip peAóAp An r-ole (peAdAp All 
mlc) a "óeinip opm ( P. O'L.). 

To be beside one's self, to be 
out of one's senses, (a) they said 
he was b. himself, t> uopAT> Ap 50 
pAiD pé A]\ mí-céitt (Mark 3, 21) ; 

(b) Paul thou art b. thyself, uá 
rú A]\ bmte, a poll (Acts 26, 24) ; 

(c) A]\ pAob céilte (2 Cor. 5, 13). 
Besides, «d, (1) over and above, (a). 

op cionn, tAp cionti : and b. 
that, -] óp a cionn pin ; (fr) óp 
oÁpp ; (c) T>e oÁpp : b. that, 
■oe bÁpp Ap pm ; (d) A^up a 
tin tie At). 

(2) More than that, moreover, 
not included in the number, ptro 
eile, nit) eite. 

(3) In addition to, (a) uaod 
Am 1115 : and there was a famine 
in the land b. the first famine, 

"J T>0 bí ^OpCA 'pA1l CÍp UAOU 

Am 1115 "oe'Ti céA"o £opCA ; (b) 
1 n-éAjniAip : b. the basket he 
had a barrel, 1 n-éA^niAip An 
cipeÁni 'oo bí t)Aipitte Aige (P. 

(4) Not mentioned previously, 

Besides, prep., in comparison with, 
le iiAip : b. what we have got, 
te IiAip sac a bpuit AgAinn. 

Besiege, v.t., to beset or surround 
with armed forces, (1) lonnpAijim; 
(2) iomt)puroim, v.n. id.; (3) 
iomptut)im, -t>e. 

Besieging, n., the act of surround- 
ing with armed forces, (1) 10m- 
•ópin'omi, -"ome, /.; (2) iomptnt)e, 
(j. id. m. 

Besieger, n., one who besieges, 
iomt>ptiroteóip, -ó\\a, -pi, m. 

Besmear, v.t., (1) to daub with 
grease, pmeApAim, -a-ú, from 
pmiop, marrow; (2) with dirt. 
pAtmtpm, -u^At) ; (3) with mud. 
■out) Aim, -At> ; (4) with oil, (a) 
un^Ami, -at') ; (b) uitigim, -1115 At). 


( 174 ) 


Besmearer, n., one who smears, 
pneAftóif , -óf a, -fí, m. 

Besmearing, n., the act of daubing, 
ftneAfAt), -\\za, m. 

Besmoke, v.t, to harden or foul 
with smoke, *oe.Acui$im, -ujAt). 

Besmoked, a., hardened or fouled 
with smoke, >oeA€uij;te, .nd. 

Besom, n., a broom . fgtiAb, gen. 
-Aibe, pi. -a and -AnnA, /. ; I will 
sweep it with the b. of destruc- 
tion, fsttdfrp&ró mé í te fguAib 
An téif.f5fvif (lsa. 14, 23), (c/. W. 
ysgub ; Bret, skuba ; L. scopa), 
dim. f^uAibin, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Besot, v.t, to make brutish, 
drunken or stupid, T>éAnAim 
bfúroeAiíiAil, meifseAtfiAit Am- 
AiT)eAC, nó AmA*oÁn€A. 

Besotted, a., brutish, bfúroijte. 

Besottedness, n., the state or 
quality of being besotted, bf úro- 
eArhtAcc, -a, /. 

Besotting, n., the act of making 
brutish, bfiúroitfg-d'ó, -'oijte, m. 

Besought, imp. of Beseech : when 
he b. us and we would not 
hear, ntiAif *oo guró fé fmn 
1 nÁf éifceAmA|\ Leif (Gen. 
42, 21) ; they b. him to depart, 
'o'iAfVfuroAfx A1|\ imteAcc (Matt 
8, 34) ; > o'ia|V|\a , oa|v Aif ptnfeAC 
aca pern, they b. him to tarry 
with themselves. 

Bespatter, v.t., to sprinkle with 
dirty water, mud, etc., fAtcAim 
ie iitnfge f aíac nó Le Iacaij. 

Bespattered, a., sprinkled with 

. dirty water, mud, etc., fAUnjte, 

Bespattering, n., the act of 
sprinkling with dirty water, 
etc., -pAtcAt), g. -Ungte, m. 

Bespeak, v.t., to speak or arrange 
for beforehand, feArhtAbfAim, 


Bespeckle, v.t, to mark with 
specks or spots, bfeActnjim, 
-tijAT) ; bf\eACAim, -ad. 

Besprinkle, v.t., to sprinkle, tnfge 
nó ftro mAf fin *qo Cf AtAt) Af 

Best, a., having good qualities in 
the highest degree, if f eÁff : he 
is the b. man alive, if é An *oume 
if f eAf f beó é ; he is one of the 
best men alive, cá fé Af ua 
"OAoimb if f eAff beó ; the 
business I know b., An $nó i| 
fOAff AUÁ a\\ eótAf AgAm (a 
bpvnt eótAf ajahi Aif nó Af a 
bf vnt eótAf a^aiti) ; to make the 
b. of a bad bargain, An nró m 
feAff x>o "oeAnAiti x>e t)foc- 

Best, n., (1) the utmost, the highest 
endeavour, xnceAtt, -citt, m. I 
they are doing their b., cá fiAt) 
A5 t)éAnArn a nTiicitt ; I am 
working at my level b., uÁim 
A5 obAif Af mo •óíceAtt ; aja mo 
curhAcc nó Af\ mo ceAnn pnne ; 
do your b. for or against J 
your b. or your worst, *oéAn "oo 

(2) The most nearly perfect 
thing, being or action, (a) coja, 
g. id. f. : she had the b. means 
for doing it, bí uo$a nA cófAó 
aici ctnge ; they gave me the 
b. of care, cuja'daia zj^a nA 
)iAif e t)om ; (h) reAbAf , -Aif , m.: 
to the b. of my understanding, 
T)o |\éi|\ peAbAfA mo úurgrionA. 

Best, ad., in the highest degree, 
50 fórhAit. 

Bestial, a., brutal, bf úroeArhAil, I 

Bestiality, n., the state or quality 
of being bestial, bfúroeAmtAcu, 

-A. /. 

Bestialize, v.t, to degrade, to 
brutalize, bfúrorgim, -ui^at). 


( 175 ) 


Bestially, ad., in a bestial manner, 
50 bfúvoeAtfiAiL, -mtA. 

Bestir, v.t., to move briskly or 
with life, (1) cofifunjim, -1.15AT) 
and -£e : b. yourself, cof jung 
of c ; then thou shalt b. thyself, 
Annf oin cof f ócAf cú few (2 /Sam. 
5, 24) ; (2) b. yourself, ctn|\ 
cocaU, o|\c pém (Or.). 

Bestow, v.t., (1) to give or confer, 

(a) bformAim, -&?> (pfomiAim, 
U.) : that he may b. on you 
a blessing, cof 50 mbformfAT) 
fé beAnnAcc "óAoib (Ex. 32, 29) ; 

(b) "cio'ótAGAim , -aid : according 
to all the Lord hath bestowed 
on us, "oo féif ua n-tnle neite 
•o'ajx óo'ótAic An UrgeAfnA "óúmri 
(Isa. 63, 7) ; (c) ci 0*011 acai m , 
-At) and -At : 

Cró tfiAit Aoine if tifUAigte 

U|\éAT)An if c|\0f5At) 
1f feAff tiro *oo tio*óriACAt 

1f CeArtgA T)0 COfCA'O. 

(2) To give in marriage, *oÁiUm , 
v.n. T)Áit ; the person who gives 
the bride away, acaijv -oaIa. 

(3) To give, devote, apply, 
use money, energy, skill, etc., 
CAb|\Aim, -bAij\u. 

Bestowal, n. See Bestowing. 

Bestowed, a., given or conferred, 

Bestower, n., one that bestows, 
bformcóif, -óf a, -fi, m. 

Bestowing (act of), n., (1) bfontiAt), 
-ncA, m. (pfomiAt), C7.) ; (2) 
CAbAi^c, -Af\tA, /.; (3) coi|\beA|\c, 
-eifce, -a, /.; (4) fA-oAt), -t>ca, 
m. : b. the jewels, A5 f a'oa'ó tia 

Bestowing, a., inclined to give or 
confer, bjvormcAc, -Ai$e. 

Bet, n., a wager, 5e.AU,, g. and pi. 
51U, m. 

Bet, í?.í., to wager, (1) cmmm geAti: 
let a b. be on it, bet on it, biot) 
geAtt A1|\ ; I will b. on that horse, 
cui|vpit) mé 5e.AU, Af An 5CApAtL 
fin ; (2) idiom : if he would 
b. on her, t)Á sctuffeAT) fé 
Aifci ; I will b. you a pound, 
ctufrpro me pnnc LeAU. 

Betake, v.t., to go, imtigim, -teAcc. 

Bethink, v.t., to call to mind, (1) 
ctmimigim (Af), -hj^at) : I will 
b. myself, ctnmneócAT) of m f em ; 
if they b. themselves in the land 
whether they are carried captive 
mÁ cintrmigro offA féifi AtmfA 
cif-fin 1011A mbéAftAf 1 LÁim 
iat) (2 Chron. 6, 37). 

Bethink, y.i., fmtiArmm, -neAt) 
-neAtti : b. before you dispossess 
me, -pmuAin ftil, a 5Ciiiffró tti 
Af feitb mé. 

Betide, v.t., to happen, to befall, 
ceA5triAim, -mÁH, : 50 *oceA5muiT) 
otc "óuic, woe b. thee ! 

Betimes, ad.. (1) seasonably, before 
it is late, (a) 50 moc; (b) 1 n-Am ; 
(c) 50 ufAtArhAit. 

(2) Speedily, 50 UiAt : agree 
with thy adversary b., fenbog 
50 tuAt tex) eAfCAf ait) (Mat. 5, 
25) ; 50 cApAro. 

(3) Soon, 5AT1 moiU, : they 
hied with him b., 5iuAifeAT)Af 
teif 5A11 rhoiLL (P. L. 415). 

Betoken, v.t., to show by signs or 
tokens, comAfttugim, -ugAt). 

Betony, n. (Bot.), a plant of the 
genus betonica, Uif beAtAig, m.; 
tuf mic beAtAi5, m.; wood 
betony (B. officinalis), 5tAfAif 
coiUe, /., ttíffAró ua coiUe, /.; 
water b., 0o5luf, m. 

Betray, (1) to deliver into the 
hands of an enemy by treachery 
or fraud, (a) bfAtAim, -At, -Ait : 
mÁf wm bfAt wm nAriiAi-o 
cÁngAbAif (1 Chron. 12, 17) 


( 176 ) 


and you betrayed him with a 
kiss, i bj\Aic cú é te pórg (P. L. 
405) ; (b) ceAt^Aim : *oo ceAt^uij 
pé mé 1 tÁtfiAib mo nAriiAT), he 
betrayed me into the hands of 
my enemies ; (c) mAif\nim, -neAt> ; 
(d) x>éAv\Am peAtt a\\. 

(2) To betray the secrets of 
another intentionally or other- 
wise, (ft) f5éititn, v.n. P5éit (aj\): 
he betrayed me, *oo f^éic pé 
onm ; (b) poittfijim, -iu^at) : 
■o'poittpij pé mo jum, he be- 
trayed my secret. 

(3) To prove treacherous to, 
peAttAim, -at), with An : woe to 
him who betrays his friend, 

11141^5 peAttAp Att A CApATO. 

(4) To lead astray, meAb- 
1 11151m, -uj At). 

Betrayal. See Betraying. 

Betrayed, a., (1) triotcA ; (2) 
bfiAitxe : íof a bpAitce cpé póig 
te n-ltTOAf (J. F.). 

Betrayer, n., (1) bpAiteóip, -ópA, 
-fú, m.; (2) bpAtA > oóitt ; (3) pi. 
luce bpAtA ; (4) peAn An bpAit 
.1. KroAf ; (5) meAttcóip, -ójva, 
-pi, m. 

Betraying, ni, the act of proving 
treacherous or faithless, (1) bjvAt, 
-a and -Ait, m.; (2) mAipn, -e, /.; 
(3) fgéit, -e, m. ; (4) meAttuAcc, 
-a, /. 

Betroth, v.L, to plight one's troth 
to as a future spouse, (1) geAtt- 
Aim pófAT) : cia tie au T>tnne 
tug ^eAttAt) T)o mriAoi (Deut. 
20, 7); (2) pófgeAttAim, -AtriAm 
and -At) ; (3) céitjeAttAim, 
-AttiAin and -At) ; (4) ttiAroim, 
v.n. UiAt) and Iua-oat) : my 
gentle, modest girl, betrothed to 
me and you a child, mo cAitin 
•ciúm, pcuAnróA T)o ttJAt)At) tiom 
if cú At) teAnb ; I have not been 

betrothed to any man, niop Uia-ó- 
At) me te -p eA|\. 

Betrothal, n., a mutual promise 
for a future marriage, (1) UiAt), 
-Aroce, m.; (2) céitjeAttAriiAin, 
-mnA, /. ; (3) popjeAttAiiiAm, 
-rhtiA, /. ; (4) póp^eAttAt), -tuA, 

Betrothed, a., affianced, (1) UiAroce 
(te) ; (2) t)AtcAC (te) ; (3) i 
iigeAttAt) te. 

Betrothing, I &£ BetrothaL 

Betrothment, J 

Better, a., (1) preferable in regard 
to value, use, fitness, rank, 
safety, acceptableness, etc., 
peAf^A, comp. of triAic, good : 
so that they should understand 
it b., ionnup 50 T)Ctn5proip niop 
peAnn é ; it is b. for him, ij 
p. *oo ; he likes b., ip p. teip ; 
I wonder if they are the b. for 
what I gave them, ní peAT)Af\ aít 
peAjijvoe 1AT> a\k a tujAp T)óib ; 
so that you may be the b. for it 
at the end of the year, 50 
mb'peAmvoe tú 1 tvoeifveAt) tia 
btiAtnA ; may you be the better 
for it, gLijvA peAmvoe tú ; the fox 
never sent out a b. messenger 
than himself, niop ctnp ad mAX)At) 
juiat) AmAc Aon ceAccAipe piAtii 
b'peApp Via é pém ; you could 
not do b., niop bpeAm^A tine 
ptro a t)eAnpÁ (M.) ; the b. 
the day the b. the deed, -o'a 
peAbAp An tÁ ip peApp ah 
gniorii ; I desire no b. play, ni 
iA|\jtAim cttucce 111'op p., ni lApp- 
pAinn cttucce ni b'peApp ; I 
thought it b. than that, *oo 
f AoiteAf 50 mb'peApp nÁ pm é. 
(2) Having good qualities in 
a greater degree, idiom: b. 
cannot be got, ni't a f AjuijAX) 
te pAjÁit ; ní't a bÁf\n le pAj- 
Áit; have you got any b. than 


( 177 ) 


that, ah bfiut a riiALAif\c fin 


(3) Improved in health, idiom: 
he is b., ca ipeAX)Ar (no bifeAc) 


Had better, idiom : you had 
b. come home, if cójaa t)tiic 
teAóc AbAite. 

To give one the b. part of a 
thing, An euro if mó *oo tAbAij\u 
x>o "Otnne. 
Better, v.t., (1) to improve the 
condition of, peAbAfuigim, -utjAT). 
(2) To surpass in excellence, 
to exceed, to excel, j\áf\ui$im, 


Better, v.i., to become better, to 
improve, peAbArtnjim, -ngAt). 

Between, Betwixt, prep., eroij\, 
roin, eA*oAf\ : b. her, eroij\ í ; 
b. him, eroif\ é ; b. me, eAT)|\Am ; 
b. thee, eAT>|\AT) nó eA*ofiAc ; b. 
them, eAcojxtA, eA"oofCA ; b. us, 
eAT)|\Ainn ; b. you, eAT)fAio. 
These prep, prons. are generally 
followed by pém A^ur. 

(1) In the space which sep- 
arates, as Aguf *oo bí ri 1 n-A 
cómnuróe pAoi cj\Ann pAitme 
eroif\ UÁtriAn -j t)ecnet (Judg. 
4, 5) ; b. flesh and skin, roif\ 
peóii -j leAtA-p. 

(2) Indicating distinction or 
comparison between two : there 
is not much b. them, ní't ptnnn 
eAT)0|\tA nó ir eA^o^tA aca f é ; 
there is (often) little b. justice 
and injustice, ir beAg acá eAt)An 
An coi|\ i An éAgcoifv (Z7.) ; the 
killing of a man is often b. two 
words, bíonn mAf\bA > ó "oume 
eA-0A|\ t>Á pocAt .i. in the choice 
of or distinction b. them . 

(3) Belonging in common to 
two, shared by both, Aguf Aon 
eroi|\TfieAt)oncói|\ roif\ T)ia i 
x)Aomit) (1 Tim. 2, 5). 

(4) In intermediate relation to 
with regard to time, degree or 
quantity, as between to-day and 
to-morrow, voin inxmi -j AmÁij\- 
eAó ; if they were b. two women 
they would not have much to 
say, X)Á mbeiT>íf iT)ij\ beij\c bÁn 
ní i&e&o puinn'te ttÁt) aca. 

(5) Both of two contrasted 
things : b. young and old, b. 
small and great, roij\ 05 1 feAn, 
roij\ beAg 1 map. 

(6) In one's power or posses- 
sion : it is a pity you are not 
b. my hands, if cf\uA§ ^au cu 
eA"OA|\ mo tÁrhAib. 

Between you and me, between 
ourselves, eA'ojiAinn péw. 

Between themselves, eAT>of\CA 

God bekveen us and harm, 
ftAn niAn a nmnifteAf\ (mmr- 
ceAn) é. 
Betwixt, prep. See Between. 

(1) In the space which sep- 
arates, as b. my breasts, 1*01 n 
mo cíoóAib. 

(2) From one to another, 
mutually affecting : b. me and 
Mary, roin mipe -j ttlÁine. 

Betwixt and between, roif\ (beit) 
eAT>o|\tA : perhaps the truth lies 
b. and between them, b'pén>i|t 
50 bptnt An pí|\mne (roin beic) 
eA'oofCA (t). p.). 

Beverage, n., drink, x>eoc, g. "oige, 
pi. -a, /. 

Bevy, n., (1) a flock, especially of 
birds, (a) p^aca, g. id., pi. -aí ; 
fgACA T>e 5eA|i|\-5ui|\ciD nó 
Tí'puifeógAib, a bevy of quails 
or larks ; (b) eátcA, -n, -ca, 
/. : a bevy of birds, eAixA 6au ; 
(c) feAtbAn, -Am, m. (Or.) 

(2) A company of ladies, 
cuvoeACCA, g. -n, d. -in, /. : a b. 
of ladies, curoeaccd ban. 



( 178 ) 


Bewail, v.t, to lament, to wail | 
over (1) cAoimm, -neAt); (2) to b. 
a death, éA5CAomim, -neAt) and j 
-ne ; (3) to b. with tears, got- ' 
CAomim and T)eóf\CAoinim ; (4) 
b. constantly, fiofCAomim : men 
and women wring their hands 
and bitterly b., cá pi|\ if mnÁ 
^5 5f eA'OAt) ^™ 1 f A5 éA^cAom- 
eAó 50 cfUAró (Or.). 

Bewailed, a., lamented, cAoince, 

Bewailing, n., the act of lamenting, 
(1) CAome&t), -nee, m.; (2) 
eAgcAowe, g. id. f. 

Beware, v.t. avoid, (a) (l)feAcnAim, 
-at) and -CAinc : b. drunken, 
lazy or immoral people, feACAin 
Luce meifge tió Leif$;e nó T)f uif e; 
(b) b. of him, t>i a\\ 00 contiéA'o 

Beware, v.i., take care of, mind 
your feet, (a) feACAin (fAinic, 
Con.) X)o cof aj\ An gcLoic ; (b) 
cAbAif aij\ e ; (c) bi AijveAc Af ; 
beware, look out, reACAin! llAife 
cu^ac ! Ó115AC ! 

Bewilder, v.t., to perplex or con- 
fuse, cuimm meAj\bALL a\k : he 
got bewildered, cÁmij; meAfbALL 
Aif ; he was bewildered, cuif eAt) 
fóroín meAftA aij\ (1T1. t).). 

Bewilderment, n., the state of 
being bewildered, (1) meAj\bALL, 
-aiLL, m.; (2) meAfgÁn meAjv- 

Bewitch, v.t., (1) to get power over 
by charms or incantations, (a) 
cuimm PA01 t)f AoroeAcc nó pif- 
eójAóc (G. D.) ; I think she 
has bewitched me, if t>ói$ Liom 
guf cuifv fí T)fAoroeAcc o|\m ; 
(fr) fúiLbéimim, -meAt) (G. D.). 
(2) To fascinate, meALLAim, 


Bewitchery, n., (1) the power of 
charming by incantation, (a) 

*of AoroeAcc, -a, /.; (b) pifeó^Acu, 
-a, /.; (c) eAfAfLAroeAcc, -a, f. 

(2) The power of fascinating, 
meALLcóifeAóc, -a, f. 

Bewitchment, n., the act of fasci- 
nating, meALLAt), -Lca, m. 

Beyond, prep., (1) on the further 
side of, in the same direction 
but further away, (a) cajv , now 
generally aspirated : b. me, you 
(sing.), him, her, us, you (pi.), 
them respectively, cAfm, CAfc, 
CAimf , CAiffe (nó tAiffce), caj\- 
.Awn, CAfAib, CAffCA. Beyond the 
sea, (i) CAf f Aiffge ; (ii) caj\ 
LeAf ; (iii) CAf f ÁiLe. 

(2) At a place not yet reached, 

(a) tA\x : in heaven b., 1 bfLAic- 
eAf call ; we would have our 
choice of being here or there b., 
"oo beAt) fiojA AgAinn beit Abuf 
nó call (Oss. IV. 40) ; there he 
is b., fm call é ; from b., 
hither, a uaLL ; (b) cAob call : 
nor is it b. the sea, ní mó ip 

CAOb CALL "o'fAlffSe ACÁ fí 

(Deut. 30, 13). 

(3) Past, out of reach or sphere 
of, further than, greater than, (a) 
ca|\ : he is b. the doctor's aid, 
cÁ f é Ca-[\ con^nAtri An *ooccúf\A ; 
b. my reach, caj\ mo curhAcc ; 

(b) Amurg : and I b. the aid of 
the Fenians, A'f mé Amu 15 ó 
óAbAif nA bpAn (Oss. IV. 78) ; 

(c) óf cionn, b. my intellect, óf 
cionn m'mncLeACCA. 

(4) In a degree or amount ex- 
ceeding or surpassing ; above, as 
in dignity, etc., (a) caja : b. what 
I intended, caj\ mAf t>o ceApAf 
T>om f em ; b. measure, tAf mot); 
it went b. my best endeavours, 
my knowledge and everything, 
*oo cuavó f é CAf mo t)iceALL, CAf 
m'eóLAf 1 CAf 5AC nit) ; b. that 
cAifif fin ; (b) óf cionn : b. my 


( 179 ) 


power, óf cionn mo ctnfiAccA ; 
b. their power, óf cionn a n-Ac- 
ftunne (2 Cor. 8, 3) ; (c) feACAf : 
b. any other woman, f eACAf Aon 
beAn ette. 

(5) Outside of, except, teAf- 
mui$ (also tAfmuig, Don., Uvp- 
mmc, P. O'-L.) ; b. or except 
Sé&'onA, tAf mine *oe SeA^nA, also 
cAob Am tug. 

Biangular, a., having two angles, 
*oÁceAj\nAc, -Aije. 

Bias, n., (1) the tendency which 
makes a ball deviate from a 
straight line in the game of 
bowls, fiA|\, -Ai|\, m. 

(2) Inclination, bent or lean- 
ing of the mind, ctAonAt), -ncA, 

(3) Prejudice, partiality or 
prepossession, (a) co^ctAonAt), 
-ca, m.; (b) teAc-iomAf\cAro, -e ; 
(c) Leit-ceAt, -cit, m. 

(4) A slant, (a) f iAf , -aij\, m. : 
to cut cloth on the bias or 
diagonally, éA-oAó -oo jeAnfA-o 
Af fiAfi ; (b) f eAnnc, -a, m. 

Bias, a., cut slanting or diagonally, 
piA|\, g. s. f. féife. 

Bias, ad., in a slanting manner, 
diagonally, a\k pA|\, 50 pAn. 

Bias, v.t., to incline to one side, 
to influence, to prejudice, ctAon- 
Aim, -At) ; a biassed person, 

Biassed, a., (1) prone to, (i) ctAon, 
-ome ; (ii) co^An cac, -Ai§e. 

(2) Partial to, prejudiced, (i) 
leAtcAoííAC, -Aije ; (ii) leAt- 
lomApcAC, -Aije ; (iii) leAú^Ann- 
ac, -Aige ; (iv) tAob, -oibe. 

Bib, n., an article of dress worn by 
children over the breast, (1) 
PTtÁifsín, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (2) 
flAAiUeós, -oige, -a, /. 

Bibacious, a., addicted to drinking, 


Bibber, n., tippler, (1) fíotiótcóif , 
-ó|\a, -fí, m.; (2) fglAigín, m.; 
(3) *oiunnAC, m. 

Bible, n., the Scriptures, An ttfoblA 
nAomtA, m. ; An S^mopcnif 
'Óia'óa, m. 

Biblical, a., pertaining to or derived 
from the Bible, f5fiopcúij\eAó, 

Bibliographer, n., one versed in 
Bibliography, teAbAifeóUirae, g. 
id., pi. -"óte, m. 

Bibliographic, Bibliographical, a., 
pertaining to the history of 
books, teAbAi|\eótAc, -Atge. 

Bibliography, n., a history of 
books, teAOAineólAf , -Aif, m. 

Bibliomania, n., a mania for ac- 
quiring books, teAbAfbtnte, g. 
id. f. 

Bibliomaniac, n., one who has a 
mania for books, teAbAnbtnieAc, 
-tig, m. 

Bibliophobia, n., a dread of books, 
iteAbAn-uAtriAn, -Am, m. 

Bibliopole, Bibliopolist, n., a book- 
seller, teAbA1|A-*OÍOtUÓ1|A, -Óf\A,,-f\í 

m.; f eA|\ "oiotCA teAbAf\. 
Bibliopolic, a., of or pertaining to 

the sale of books, LeAbAif- 

•oioUnjteAC, -tige. 
Bibliotheca, Bibleotheke, n., a 

library, LeAbAjvtAnn, -LAinne., -a. 


Bibulous, a., inclined to drink, 
f íojtótAó, -Ai$e ; CAf cmAf , -ifiAif\e. 

Bicephalous, Bicipital, Bicipitous, 
a., having two heads, •oÁceAnnAó. 

Bicker, v.i., to wrangle, "oéAnAim 

Bickering, n., altercation, wrang- 
ling, (1) cí|\éib (nó cínéip), -e, 
-i, /.; (2) confpóro, -e, -i, /.; (3) 
cfKTOAifeAoc, -a, /. ; (4) CAttÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

Bicorn, 7 a., having two horns, 

Bicornous, ) •oá-a'óa^caó, -Aije. 


( 180 ) 


Bicorporal, a., having two bodies, 
•oÁóojipAó, -Aije. 

Bicycle, n., a light vehicle on two 
wheels with a saddle, propelled 
by the rider's feet acting on 
cranks, (1) j\otAj\, -Ain, m.; (2) 
cA-pAU. 5-Af ca (Or.) ; (3) yotArte 
nA stmci'oeACCA (Con.), (cf. jvotA 
x\a gtinci'oeACCA, wheel of per- 
petual motion (Connemara). 

Bid, v.t., (1) to make an offer, to 
offer to give or take a certain 
price, cAi^5im, -5fin(c). 

(2) To offer in words, (a) to b. 
one welcome, pÁitojjnn, -iu^at) ; 
(b) to b. one God speed, (i) 
beAnntngim (-do) ; do not b . 
him God speed, nA beAnntut; 
*oo (2 John 10) ; (ii) eeiteAbf\Airn, 
-At> ; (c) to b. defiance, cmjurn 
•oubfLÁn -pAot : lb. you defiance, 
I defy you, mo •óubftÁn -púc. 

(3) To invite, to request to 
come, (a) b. them to the mar- 
riage, soifvo cum nA bAwnfe iat> 
{Matt. 22, 9) ; (b) lest they also 
b. thee again, Ap eA^LA 50 
"ocmbtwo -piA*o--pAn -póf cinneA-o 
t)tJit--pe AjAif (Lw/ce 14, 12). 

(4) To order or command, (a) 
ójvotnjim, -tigAT) ; (b) Aitnim, 
-tin : if it be thou, b. me come 
unto thee, rnÁf cú acá Ann, Alum 
•oom-fA "out 1 T)o comne (Mat. 
14, 28). J ohu m 

Bid, n., an offer, €AifV5fin(c), 

-fionA, /. 
Bidder, n., one who offers a price. 

(1) cAi|V5feAnóin, -ój\a, -pi, m,; 

(2) CAi^5teói|\. 

Bidding, n., (1) command or order, 

ófpngAt), -urgte, m. 

(2) An offer as at an auction, 

€AifV5fm, -fionA, /. 
Bide, v.i. s (1) to dwell or inhabit, 

(a) coriinúrpirn, -"óe ; £b) Aicigim, 

-mjAt). ? _ , ■;■-■■.■' 

(2) To remain, to continue to 
be permanent in a place or state, 
(a) -pAnAim, -AtfiAin(c) : if they 
b. not in unbelief, acc nitmA 
bpAnAi*o fiAT> 1 míc|\ei"oeAtri 
(Rom. 11, 23) ; (b) rcA-oAirn, 
v.n. -pcAt). See Abide. 
Bidental, a., having two teeth, 


Bield, n., a shelter, pof^At), -avo, 
m. (-po-f5Át) ; also -pAf^At). 

Bield, v.L, to shelter, -pof^Aim, -at). 

Biennial, a., happening once in 
two years, x>A-bLiAT)AnAc. 

Bier, n., a portable frame on 
which a corpse is placed or 
borne to the grave, (1) cjAoCAfv, 
-A1|\, m. (Con.). 1. rriAroe te 
momcA-fv (cofip) T>Aowe mAj\btA 
(2) eteAcpom, -mm, m.; (3) 
C|VAnnAoit, -e, /.; (4) Cf\óCAj\b, 
-Ainb, m.; (5) cnocAfAbAT), -avo, 
m.; cA^bAT) nA triAnb is used in 
W. Lint, for " hearse." 

Biestings, n., the first milk given 
by a cow immediately after 
calving, (1) niAotAt, gen. -Aite, 
dat. -Ait, d. pi. -ttAib, /. (W. Lim. 
and Ker.); (2) tiúr- (nuAT>Af\), 
-úrp, m. (cf. Ir. nuA and L. 
novus), bAinnenúir ; (3) ^ut 
núir, s^ut cthr (Clare) ; (4) 
5j\uc buróe (Con. and Don.) and 
5|\ut> buroe (Or.) ; (5) 5|mjc- 
potA, pi. id. m. In W. Lim. 
often Englished cruds (cf. Sc 
. crowdie, croods ; c/. Gr. ypv, 
morsel V gru ; Eng. crumb, 
Mac Bain). 

Bifold, a., double, pA-fto,. 

Bifohate, a., having two leaves, 

Biform, a.,, having two shapes, 

TíÁCfltltAC. . 

Bif routed, a., having, two: fronts, 



( 181 ) 


Bifurcate, Bifurcated, a., forked, 
5AbtAC, -Aige. 

Bifurcation, n., a division into two 
branches, gAbAl, -Ait, m., -Aibte, 
/., pi. -bbA. 

Big, a., (1) large, mop, comp. mo 
and móroe, merae (N. Con.), 
g. s. /. moipe : five times bigger, 
CÚ15 uAipe niof mó ; he was a 
bigger man than the other, bA 
mo An peA|\ é nÁ An peAf\ eite. 

(2) Bulky, co|\ceAttiAit, -mtA. 

(3) Very big, -oAiburoe, ind. 

Bigamist, n., one who is guilty of 
bigamy, (a) peAp "oiAf bAn ; (b) 
beAn T)iAf peAfi. 

Bigamy, n., the crime of marrying 
a person while legally married 
to another, tnAf bAn t>o beit A5 
peAp 1 némfeAcc nó t)iAf peAf\ 
T)o beit aj; 1 némfeAcc. 

Big-bellied, a., having a great 
belly, (1) méAT)AtAc, -Aije ; (2) 
CAf-pAc, -Aige ; (3) compAc, -Ai$e, 
from co|\p (g: and pi. cinmp), a 
round paunch or big belly ; (4) 
bot^Ac, -Ai^e ; (5) mAj\ógAC, -Ai£e. 

Big-cheeked, a., having big cheeks, 
pLucAC, -Ai£e ; a big-cheeked 
person, plncAipe, g. id., pi. -m\ 

Big-fisted, a., having large hands, 
cfÁgAc. -Aije, from CJVÁ5, -Áige, 
-a, a big palm of the hand, a 

Big-footed, a., having large feet, 
rpÁ^Aó, -Ai£e -, a big foot, rpÁ^, 
-Áije, -a, /.; a big-footed person, 
rpÁ^AóÁn, -Am, m. 

Big-head ; n., a big-headed person, 
mutiACÁn, -Ám, m. (m. X).). 

Big-hearted,, a., {I) generous, piAit- 
eAriiAil., -nitA. 

(2) Spirited, sporoe, ind. 

Bight, n., a small bay, caUyo., -avo, 

Big-lipped, a., having large lips, 
pta-pAc, -Asije. 

Bigness, n.. size, bulk, mem, -e, 
/.; uoifneArhlAcc, -ca, /. 

Big-nosed, a., having a large nose, 
(1) mopf fvótiAó, -Aije ; (2) CAmnc- 
meAc, -m$e ( = retrousse), stump- 

Bigot, n., one obstinately devoted 
to some creed, opinion or prac- 
tice and intolerant of the views 
of others, (1) <5Aijv$níotfiA , oóifi, 
-ójva, -pi, m. (0' Beg.) ; (2) mieAT)- 
-Aipe, gen. id., pi. -pi, m.; (3) 
TreApmATioip, m.; (4) cnútAC, 
-A15, m. 

Bigoted, a., intolerant of opinions 
opposed to one's own, (1) 
5Ai|\5tiíorhAó, -Aije ; (2) gAipm- 
peAfAc, -Aige ; (3) peApmAt)Ac, 
-Ai£e. See Bigot. 

Bigotry, n., intolerance of opinions 
opposed to one's own, (1) $Aip- 
SniorhAcc, -a, /.; (2) SAipgniom- 
AT)ói r eAóc, -a, /. (O'Beg.) ; (3) 
peAfimAT), -avo, m. See Bigot. 

Bijouterie, n., jewellery, trinkets, 
f eóroí, pi. of f eóro. 

Bilberry, w. (Bot.), the whortle- 
berry (vaccinium myrtillus), also 
its edible bluish-black fruit, (1) 
ppAocAn, -Ám, m. (M.) ; (2) 
PIAA0Ó05, -ói^e, -a, /. (Con.) ; (3) 
bpAijteog (Via scon)j /., bpAottt- 
eós, /., bpeilteós, /. 

Bilberry bush, n., cpAnn ppAocorge ; 
cop ppAocÁm. 

Bile (both physiological and emo- 
. tional), n., (1) TDombtAp, -Air, m. 
(c/. Sc. dom, the gall, the gall- 
bladder ; and btAf , taste) ; (2) 
bionn juiAt), -Ait), m.; (3) tionn 
-out), -tub, m.; (4) trotAip, -e, /. 

Bilge (of a boat), bot^, g. bints, m. 

Bilge-keel, n., mAroe btnUj;. 


( 182 ) 


Bilge-pump, n., a pump to draw 
bilge-water from the hold of a 
ship, €AotnAif\e, gen. id., pí.-fú, m. 

Bilge-water, n., the water which 
collects in the bottom of a ship, 
cAom, -a, -AnriA, m.; caouti, -e, 
/. (Or.). 

Biliary, a., relating or belonging 
to bile, -oombtAfCA, ind. 

Bi-lingual, a., consisting of two 
languages, "OAteAngAc : mtnnn- 
ci|\ X)Á teAngAt), a bi-lingual 

Bilious, a., (1) suffering from ex- 
cess of bile, *oombtAfCA. 

(2) Choleric, fócomuiijte ; 
peA^Ac, -Aige. 

Bilk, v.t., to deceive, defraud or 
disappoint, meALLAim : meAltcA 
1 n-A fÁjvoócAif, bilked in his 

Bill, n., (1) the beak of a bird, 50b, 
gen. and pi. stub, m.; 50b ém, 
the bill of a bird. 

(2) Bill or bond, (a) bitte, g. 
id., pi. -tí, m.; (b) bAnnA, g. id., 
pi. -a\, m. : bitte A^uf -pj\eA5j\A 
ax\ éiti5teóf\A ASUf aw corAncóf\A, 
the bill and answer of plaintiff 
and defendant ; bitle tzám\a\\\<a, 
a tailor's bill ; (c) nóuA, g. id., 
pi. -AÍ, m.; (d) cunncAf , -Aif , w. 

(3) An axe, biAit, #. béAtA, pi. 
id. f. 

Billet, v.t., to quarter or lodge, as 
soldiers in private houses, fAig- 
Tnúifú t>o ct»|\ aj\ bittéAT) nó 
A|\ comrhe (comtiie, a guest), 
(MacC), (cf. -pAijxnú-fx aj\ bitleAo, 
children's game (Con.). 

Billet, n., a small stick of wood, as 
for fuel, bittéAo, -éro, m.; bittéA*o 
AT>mAiT) cum uemeAT), also fgoit- 
ceÁn, -Ám, in. 

Billet, n., a note, short letter or 
ticket for soldiers, bilteó$, -óige, 

-A, f. 

Billetting, n. (1) commeA-o, -a, m>; 

(2) buAtiAcc, -a, /.; (3) buAnujAt), 

-tnjte, m. 
Billhook, n., for trimming hedges, 

(1) buXeós, -óige, -a, /.; (2) coc, 
g. and pi. ctnc, m. 

Billiards, n., a kind of game with 
ivory balls and cues on a cloth- 
covered rectangular table, rój\c 
ctmtce te mAroí Agtm tiACf\óix)í 
A|\ clÁf nó bojvo fteAtfiAm ; 
bojvoctince, /. (recent). 

Billiard-table, n., bójvocUnce, m. 

Billion, n., mitiúu-miUún. 

Billow, n., a great wave or surge 
of the sea, (1) c^eACAn, -Am, m. : 
all thy billows and thy wave 
passed over me, x>o cuax>a^k t>o 
c|\eAtAm *] x>o connA tof\m 
(Jonah 2, 3) ; (2) pÁg, -Áige, -a, 
/. (Con.) ; (3) futnÁro, -e, -eACA, 
/. (also -putnóro, -e. -eACA, /.) ; 
(4) coitítm, g. id., pi. -ní, m.; (5) 
fin-ófce, g. id. pi. -ci, /. ; (6) 
breakers, mAT)mAnnA. 

Billowy, a., swelling into large 
waves, (1) conntuAfSAc, -Aige ; 

(2) fumÁi"oeAó, -Tn^e ; (3) fum- 
oroeAc, -xnjje ; (4) pAlcAtiuA, 
ind.; (5) fTALcAjmAc, -Ai§e. 

Bin, n., a kind of box for certain 
commodities, cópf\A. g. id., pi. 

-AÍ, VI. 

Bind, v.t., (1) to tie or fasten, as 
with a cord, etc., (a) ceAn^tAim, 
-5AI, and -5A1U:, imp. -5AH, pp. 
-gAitue : he who binds looses, 
An cé ceAnglAf if é f^AoiteAf ; 
we will b. thee fast, ceAn^otAm 
50 "OAmseAn zú (Judg. 15, 13) : 
b. them about thy neck, ceAn^Ait 
pÁT) bfÁgAiT) iax) (Prov. 3, 3) ; 
and no man could b. him, no, 
not with chains, A^tm nÁjt béproiji 
te T>ume aj\ bit a ceAn^At. ni 
neAT) te ftAb|\At)Aib pern (Mark 


( 183 ) 


5, 3); (b) riAfSAim, -at> ; (c) 
5|\eAtntii5itn, -ugAT) ; (d) by fet- 
tering, manacling, etc., (i) emb- 
alm, -1U5AT) ; (ii) seirhtijitn, 
-1U5AT) ; (iii)ttiAnAif5itn,-nAf5AT); 
(iv) c^eAptAirn (cfAplAitri, if. M.) 
-pAtt : to b. his hands quickly, 

A bAltX "DO C^eApAlt 50 U»AC 

(Keat.), also c^ApUiTgitn, -ugAT). 

(2) By compression, pÁifgitn, 


(3) To bind closely together, 
(a) cóifi-5f\eAimii5im, -ujAt) ; (b) 

(4) To bind, as by gluing or 
soldering, cÁicim (uÁtAim), -ÁtAt>. 

(5) Bind morally by oath, pro- 
mise, etc., ceAngtAim -pÁ nnonriA 
if a man swear an oath to b. 
his soul, mÁ bei|v "oume rmonnA 
-oo ceATi^At a AnmA (Numb. 
30, 2). 

(6) By hiring agreement, pAf c- 
uispm, -UJAT). 

Bind, n., that which ties any- 
thing, (1) ceAtigtAóÁri , -Ám, m. : 
(2) the tie for a sheaf of corn, 
fíomÁn, -aw, m.; (3) a fetter, 
cuibf\eAC, -fifg, pi. -tvi$e and -a, 
m.; (4) á|vac, -A15, m. (cf. 
buAfiAc, bó + Áf\Aó, a spancel). 

Binder, n., the person that binds, 
ceAn^Atcóif, -ó|va, -|\í, m. 

Binding, n., the act of binding or 
tying, (1) ceAngAt, -Ait, m. : the 
b. of the five smalls .1. ankles 
wrists and neck ; the five-fold 
fetter with which Irish cham- 
pions bound a defeated foe, 
ceAn^At ha 5CÚ15 5CA0L ; we 
were b. sheaves, -oo biotnA-p 
A5 ceAn^At punArm (Gen. 37, 7) ; 
b. both men and women, A5 
ceAn^At peA]A Aguf bAn (Acts 
22, 4) ; (2) nAfjAt), -jca, m.; (3) 
^peAintijAt), -uijte, m. ; (4) 
ctubiMujA-ó, -i$te, m.; (5) cjveAp- 

aU, -Aitl, m,; (6) -pÁf^AT), -gtA, 
m. ; (7) as by knotting, ftiAi-o- 
meA-ó, mce, m. ; (8) tying corn 
into sheaves, cfeAmtAc, -ai£ ; 
famine never followed b., nioji 
tÁiTU5 50|\ua -[\iAtri 1 rroiAii!) cjvéAtn- 
Binding, a,, (1) that binds, obliga- 
tory, restrictive, costive, ceAti- 
5AitxeAC, -oje : every b. oath 
5AC uile rhionriA ceAn^AitueAc 
(Numb, 30, 13). 

(2) Obligatory and lasting, (a) 
f eAf tfiAC, -Aije ; (b) it is b. on 

US, CÁ fé *o't1AtAC (nÓ *o'piACAlb) 


Bindweed, n. (Bot.), common b. 
(convolvulus arvensis), (1) 
T)isiUltfieAL ; (2) field or greater- 
b. (C. sepium), iAt)Uif , m. ; (3) 
cAffwi cAfUA, m. (Or.). 

Binnacle, n., a case or box con- 
taining the ship's compass, 

Biographer, n., a writer of the life 
of a particular person or per- 
sons, beó-eAct)Ai|\e (O'-R.). 

Biography, n., the written history 
of a person's life, beó-eACT)Aif\- 
eAóc (O'R.). 

Biological, a., of or relating to 
biology, bic-eótAó, -Ai£e. 

Biology, n., the science of life as 
existing in animals and plants, 
biceótAf , -Aif , m. , 

Biped, n., a two-footed animal, 
T)ÁcofAcÁn, -Ám, m. 

Biped, Í a., two-footed, -oAcofAC, 

Bipedal, \ -Aije. 

Bipennate, a., having two wings, 
T)Á-f 51 At AC. 

Bipetalous, a., having two petals, 
•oÁóuilXeAc, -ti$e. 

Birch, n., a tree, (1) the white or 
common b. (betula alba), beit, 
-e, /., second letter of the Irish 
alphabet ; (2) cjwin beite, g. 


( 184 ) 


cfiAirm beice, m.; (3) dwarf 
(be tula glandulosa), bete be^, 
/.; (4) knotty (B. verrucosa), 
beit-CAtv|tAi5eAc, /. 

Birchen, a., of or relating to birch, 
beiteAC, -ttge. 

Bird, n., a feathered animal with 
wings, éAn, g. and pi. ém, m~, 
dim. émín, g. id., pi. -ni, m. : a 

i b. in the hand is worth two on 
the bush, ir peA^n éAt1 1 T Ari tán^ 
tiÁ "óá éAn aj\ ton ; lie with the 
lamb and rise with the b., tui$ 
tetr au uau -| ei|\i5 tetr Ati 6au 
(Prov., II. M. 652) ; birds in a 
collective sense, éAntAit, /., and 
éAntAtte, /.; an unfledged b., (i) 
SeAftjtcAó, -A15, m. (M.) ; (ii) 
fSAtACÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) fSAUxÁn, 

Bird-abounding, a., eAixAc. 

Bird-cage, n., a cage for confining 
birds, éAtiATíÁn, -Ám, m.; cir, 

Bird-call, n., a cry or sound in 
imitation of that of the bird to 
be decoyed, (1) btAcoeAn ; (2) 
the instrument for making the 
call, pioT)ó5, -óije, pi. -a, /. 

Bird-catcher, n., one who catches 
birds, (1) éAnAoóifv, -óttA, -ní, m.; 
(2) éAtitAtóitt, m.; (3) éAtilAitte, 
m.; (4) reAUAifte, m. 

Bird-fancier, n., one who sells 
birds, éAUAitte, (/. id., pi. -tti\ m. 

Bird's-foot, n. (Bot.), ornithopus, 
cttúbA ém ; bird's-foot trefoil 
(lotus corniculatus), bÁf\f\ An 
tri if tern. 

Bird-lime, n., an adhesive sub- 
stance for snaring birds, (1) 
big, -e, /.; (2) 5LA0VÓ, -e, /. 

Bird-seed, n., canary seed y f^Alt- 
AgAC, -Atje, f. 

Bird's-tongue, n. (Bot.), knotgrass 
(polygonus aviculare), bo^tttf, 
m.; (lesser) ceAttj^A éAnÁtn* 

Bird-trap (kind of), póroín, g. id., 

Birretta, n., an ecclesiastical cap, 
bAiftéAT), -éro, m. (cf. L. birret- 
tum, a cap); binttéAT), m. 

Birth, n., the act or fact of being 
born or coming into existence, 
(1) bttetc, g. -te, also beijtte and 
beAjttA, /.; (2)5emeAtfiAin, -tfmA, 
/. (cf. Gr. y<>Wis, birth) ; (3) 

, idiom : (a) your own desire from 
b. to death, bAjt miAn pém ó 
Aoif 50 bÁf ; she gave b., x>o 
|\u5 ri ; (b) breeding is better than 
b., if peAtttt pojUnm tiÁ putt; (4) 
also "oo cuttt. 

Birthday, n., the day on which 
one is born, (1) u b-peite, g. 

, ÍA01 bftette, m.; (2) bf\eAtlÁ, 
m.; (3) IÁ jemeAtfmA. 

Birth-mark, n. r some peculiar marl 
on the body at birth, (1) corhAtu^ 
citte, g. id., m.; (2) bAtfooftAm, 
g. and pi. bAttt -oóttÁm, m. 

Birth-right, n., any right or pos- 
session to which one is entitled 
by birth, esp. the first-born, 
ceAttc bjteite, g. cihc b., w. 
cat) An CAijtbe "oeAnt:Ar ah ceAtti 
bneite f eo -óAtn (Gen. 25, 32) ; 
mitCAf, -Aif, m. (O'Beg.). 

Birth-wort, n. (Bot.), a plant said 
to have medicinal property 
(aristolochia), (1) cúlAttÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (2) (long), Uif ha iÁttAtfiA 
(3) f comnr e pvoA te cttAtm ; (4) 
(long and round), ruomnre 

CfUtmtl fA'OA. 

Biscuit, n., a kind of bread in the 
form of small flat cakes baked 
hard, (1) bniofgA, g. id., pi. -ai, 
m.f (2) b|tiof5óro, -e, -i, /. 

Bisect, v.t., to divide into two parts, 
lA|\5eA|t|tAtm , -at). 

Bisection, n., division into two 
parts, esp. when equal, tÁjt- 

jjeAtAfVA'Ó, -tttA, m. 


( 185 ) 


Bishop, n., an ecclesiastical dig- 
nitary having charge of a diocese, 
including priests and laymen of 
his church, eAfpos, g. and p. 
-purs, m., also eAfbog (cf. epis- 
copus, and O.I. epr-cop). 

Bishopric, n., the diocese or See of 
a bishop, (1) eArpojuroeAcc, -a, 
/.; (2) pAij\ce, g. id., pi. -aca, f. 
(cf. parochia). 

Bishop's-weed, n., a plant (segopo- 
dium podagraria), (1) eAfpoj;- 
f peÁm ; (2) Uif at\ eÁf ping ; (3) 
iuf An 511 ca. See Aise. 

Bison, n., or wild ox, buAbAtt, -Aitt, 

Bissextile, n., leap year, btiA'OAin 

Bishop's-wort, n. (Bot.), wood 
betony (stachys betonica), ttif 

Bistort, n. (Bot.), (greater, poly- 
gonum betonica), (1) cApó^ mtfie; 
(2) fcomnf e, /. 

Bistre, n., soot-colour, fmútfAbÁn, 
-Am, m. 

Bit, ?i., a morsel or small piece of 
anything, (1) such as may be 
bitten off or taken into the 
mouth, (a) bUh|\e, g. id., pi. 
-|\i and -|AeAcA, m., dim. btúipín, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (b) btoj, -a, 
pi. id. -£tj\ACA, m.; (c) bfrufSAfi 
(coll.) ; (d) cArmuA, g. id., pi. 
-aí : c. ajváw, a b. of bread ; {e) 
cnA5A]\tiAc, -A15, m. (Or.), cj\ApÁn, 
(ctiApÁn), a b. of meat, cfApÁn 
VeótA (T^.) ; (/) 5 eAmpA g. 
id., pi. -aí, m. ; a b. of meat, 
5. peótA ; (g) 510b, -a, -ArmA, 
m.; (ft) 510CA, g„ id., pL -aí, m. 
<i) slAtnbA, #. id., pi. -aí, m.; 
(?) 5t^Af\, _A1 H (coll.) : bits of 
turf, turf dust, 5. tnóriA (Don.) ; 
(k) 51 AAb^ó5, -ó^e, -a, /. (Don.) ; 
CA'OfÁn, a bit of turf (Mxm,)\ 
il) turn, -e, -i, f. (M.) ; (m) 

miouA, g. id., pi. -aí, m.: (n) 
rmouog, -oij;e, -a, /. (M.) ; léAm- 
05 (Don.): as much as could 
be taken between the finger and 
thumb ; also a pinch one gives 
another with the finger and 
thumb ; (0) rnífi, -e, pi. -eó;vr\A 
and -ío|aa, /. : the champions 
bit or portion, cufiAt) tníf ; the 
dog's b. 5 cowrhifv; the longing- 
b., given to a woman enciente 
who happens to be where food 
is being prepared, tníjAtfiéine ; 
(p) nÁ*oA. g. id., pi. -Ai, m. and 
name, g. id, pi. -x>\, /.; (q) a 
little b., mAcA, g. id.,, pi. -ai. m.; 
(r) jveAb, miori j\eób (nó fAb, 
coll.) ; (s) ftiAÍnné (no luiinne), 
g. id., pi. -Ac a, f.; (t) end or 
crust of a cake, also ragged or 
untidy clothes, f^ioptóg (nó 
f5ipleó5, -oi§e, -a, /. Or.); 
-ppftuuXe, /. (Don.) ; (u) f^ÍArnó^, 
-ói^e, -a, a nip (ef. rrnocó^, 
n) ; (v) f5|\eACAtt, -aiU,, m.; 
(w) bits of broken glass, etc., 
fUsi^Ac, -^15, m. (coll.) ; (x) 
fmAitc, -e, -eACA, /., dim. rrriAiL- 
cin ; (y) rrmocA (nó ftrmcA), 
gen. id., pi. -aí, dim. ririroifún, 
ml; (z) rproe. g. id. f.: you 
have not a b. of flesh on you, 
ní't f pí-oe -peólA o^c ; (ad) f pion- 
C05, -ói^e, -a, /. : I will make 
bits of you, "oéAnpAT) fpíoncógA 
•óíoc (Tyr.) ; (b&) rpjuiA'óÁn, -Ám, 
-aí = fmiT)i|\ín (y), (ttl. t).) ; (cc) 
rp|\uAt)A-(\, -Ai|\ (coll.) == bfUf^An 
(b) ; (dd) fpjunite, #. id., pl. 

-ACA, /. 

(2) Fig., a small piece of any- 
thing, (a) blAf , as there is not 
a b. of it there, ni't btAf T>e Ann ; 
a b. of attention was not paid 
to him, nío^ cu^At) blAf Áijvo 
Ain ; it is not a b. of use for you 
to be persuading him, "oeAtfiAn 


( 186 ) 


btAf m&\te&y a mnu T>ob eit -A5 
ÁiceArn Ain ; (b) ceó, g. -015, m. : 
he did not do a b. of work, 
níof\ "óeÁnnAit) fé ceó oibne 
(Con.) ; (c) f p|\úiiteo5, -óige, -a, 
(d) pAic, -e, pL -i and -eAr\r\A, /. : 
there is not a b. (.1. nothing) 
the matter with him ; he has 
not a b. (or tack) of clothes 
on, ni't F-Aic aij\ ; (e) -pÁr-j;, -a, 
m. : ni't V Á VE céitte ajac 
(M.) ; (/) 5peim, -eAniA, -eAtn- 
atma, m. (lit. bite) : a b. of 
bread, 5. AnÁw ; (#) pioc, m., 
[see -pAic (d)] ; (ft) f^iorvCA,. g. id. 
-aí, m. ; I had a b. of luck, t»o 
bi f . "oen Át) ofvrn (Con.) ; (i) 
f meAc, -a, m. : he did not do 
a b. of work, níon nwne fé 
f rneAc oib|\e (Con.) == btAf, ceó, 
pioc (1TI. t).) ; 0) fptAnnc, 
-Ainnce, -aca, f. (lit. spark, ray) : 
you have not a b. of sense, ni't 
f ptAnnc a^ac, ni't f . céitte ajau ; 
(k) r zeAmAp, -Ain, m. : a b. of 
harm, r. "oiojbÁtA = bt&f , ceó, 

plOC (tTI. t>.); (I) t)ÚCrvACC, a, /., 

a bit and above the due ; (m) 
a b. over and above, a b. thrown 
in with the exact measure or 
weight, ctntteAt), -tit), m. (att- 
eAt), Con. and Don.; ctntteArn, 
W. Lim.) ; (n) every b. of it is 
bad, aca f é ajv pA*o 50 note. 

Bit, n. (of a bridle), béAtbAó, -A15, , 
-Atge, m. 

Bitch, n. (a female dog), (1) fAit, 
-te, -caca, /., rAj, -Aige. /., 1 
fA-15, -e, /.; (2) cti bAweAnn ; (3) 

Bite, n., the act of seizing with 
the teeth or puncturing with the | 
organ for taking food, as by 
some insects, (1) 5rv eirn ^ 9* 
5f\eAinA, pi. jneAtnAnnA, m. : 
5|\emi piACAit, g. 5j\eArnA f lACAit 
pi. 5|\eAmAnnA piACAit ; also the 

morsel taken at a b., as a b. 
of a rabbit is better than two 
bites of a cat, ir feAfifx 5-neim 
comín nÁ t>Á gfveirn erne ; (2) 
a big b., Aitp, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (3) 
béAtóg, -orge, -a, /.; (4) a 
gnawing b., crveim, -e, /.; (5) 
f^tArfi, -Airrie, -a, /. 
Bite, v.t., (1) to seize with the 
teeth, (a) sfveAmAim, -At), also 
5feAmtn5im, -ujAt) : to b. with 
the teeth, *oo gfxeAmAt) te pac- 
tAib ; he bit him, *oo bAm f é^^eim 
Af ; (b) cognAim, -a*o and -^Amc : 
if you cannot b. do not show your 
teeth : rnunAbpéA'OAró cú co^n At) 
nÁ ceAfbÁm "o'pACtA (O' Beg.) ; 
I fear the dog will b. me, uá 
eA^tA ofvrn 50 nseAjvp-pAro An 
mAX)AX) mé (lit. cut me) ; (2) 
like rats or mice, (a) cr\eimim, 
v.n. cfveim ; (b) crvemnirn, -neAX) ; 
(3) like a bird, sobAirn, -ax) ; (4) 
like an insect, rmocAim, -at» ; 
(5) like a horse or a vicious dog, 

AtpAim, -AT). 

Biter, n., one who bites, cneirmrve. 

Biting (act of), n. co^nAt) (co^Ainc), 
-^AncA, m. ; also co^Ainc, -e, /.; 
cf\eim, -e, /. 

Biting, a., inclined or given to 
bite, (1) cogAncAc, -Ai$e ; (2) 
c|\emieAc, -rrnje ; (3) epeimneAC, 
-mje ; (4) miocójAc, -Ai^e. 

Bitstock, n., a brace, g^eimceAp, 
-cip, m. 

Bitter, a., (1) having an acrid, 
biting taste, (a) feA^ti, g. s. f. 
fcijibe, cf. Eng, sour : corn f eA|AD 
te -oorrratAf as b. as gall ; (b) 
5éAr\, -éife : as b. as buttermilk, 
corn jéAfv te XilÁtAi^, ; (c) s t11 t AC » 
-e ; (d) T>ombtAf ua, ind» 

(2) Causing or calculated to 
ca^use pain or distress to the 
mind, characterised by sharp- 
ness or severity, (á) -peAfvo. 


( 187 ) 


-erp be : the truth itself is often 
b;, if numc a bionn ax\ fifmne 
fém f eAfb ; it is an evil thing 
and b., if otc Aguf if feAfb ^ n 
tsít) é; husbands love your wives 
and be not b. to them, a feAf a, 
SjAÁ'óuijro óA|\ mnA Aguf x\Á bró 
f eAfb -oóib ; getting b. with a 
person, aj; eifge f eAfb ie ; 
getting disgusted with him, a<; 
eifge f eAfb "úe ; (b) séA]\, g. s. f. 
5;éif e : t>o tÁftA rnóf Án "o'-p ociAib 
5;éAfA eAcoftA, many b. words 
passed between them ; (c) 50 
teAtri nó 50 bféAn T)íob péw, 
b. of themselves. 

(3) Cruel, harsh, stern, viru- 
lent, (a) 5Aj\<5, -Aifge ; (b) f Aob- 
f ac, -Aije ; (c) f pAifneAc, -nije ; 
(d) unrhneAC, -a je. 

(4) Causing pain or smart, 
piercing, sharp, (a) cfUAro, -e : 
the north wind is b, if cfiiAit) 
An jAot A'octiAró ; (b.) gLdf > -Aif e: 
a b. Christmas a fat graveyard, 
TIot)1.ai5 slAf feitij; rnéit ; (c) 
f eAfb, -eifbe : it is a b. day, 
if» f eAj\ti> An tÁ ó ; (d) ^éAf , -éif e: 
the wind is b. to-night, if ^éA|\ 
An $Ac.r Anocc ; (e) in argument, 
5éAf\cúifeAó, -fit;e. 

Bitter, v.L, to make bitter ; v.i.> 
to become bitter, géAf intjini, 

Bitterish, a., somewhat bitter, (1) 
f eifbeAé, -brge ; (2) géif eAc, 

Bitterly, ad., in a bitter manner, 
(!) 50 5éAf ; (2) 50 f eAfb ; (3) 
50 TmbAC ; (4) 50 Tioilgiof ac ; 
(5) 50 qu3Aró : weeping b., a^ 
50L 50 cfUAro ; (6) 50 5oirheAc. 

Bittern, n. (Zool.), a wading bird 
(botaurus stellaris), (1) bonnAn 
léAnA, m.; (2) béicife, g. id., 
pi. -fí, m. (Foxford) ; (3) coff- 
gfiAti, /•/ (4) bonnAn burte, m. ; 

(5) fueAfuiAt, -Ait, m.; (6) CA|\t) 
cnnttAi$, m. [The bittern is said 
to be extinct in Mayo.] 

Bitterness, n., the quality of being 
literally or figuratively acrid, (1) 
feAfvbAf, -Aif , m. (pron. feAfúf , 
M.) : I will complain in the b. 
of my soul, geAftAnpAro me 1 
feAfbAf m' AnAniA (Job 7, 11) ; 
(2) feA|\bAX)Af , -Aif , m.; (3) 
f eifbe, g. id. /.; (4) safe, /. 
a. id. ; (5) 501m, e, /. 

Bittersweet, n., a climbing shrub 
(solanum dulcamara), woody 
nightshade, (1) -pnAc^onm ; (2) 
feAfbó^; tfiitif ; (3) rlAcgoftri. 

Bitumen, n., mineral pitch, (1) 
bijcAtrhAn, /. ; (2) pictAtrhAn, 
/.; (3) boifófé, /. 

Bituminous, a., of the nature of 
or containing bitumen, boin- 
Cf1AT>AC (O'R.). 

Bivalve, n., a mollusc whose shell 
consists of two lateral plates, 
T)Áflio5ÁnAiT)e, m, 

Bivalvular, a., having two valves, 
•oÁftio^ÁnAc, -Aije. 

Bizarre, a., odd in manner or 
appearance, (1) aic, -e ; (2) 
5j\eAnntftAn, -Aife. 

Blab, v.t., to tell tales thought- 
lessly, intifitn (v.n. mnpnc), 
Ait|\ifim (v.n. Aitfif) nó tei^im 
(v.n. tei^eAn), AmAC fún nó ftro 
rriAf fin. 

Blabber, n., a tell-tale, (1) aic- 
frpeóif, -óf a, -fi, m.; (2) béAt 
5An fjot (M.) ; (3) béAt jau 
f AfgAt) (Con.) ; (4) béAt gAn 
fj;Ar (U.) ; (5) gobAife, g. id., pi., 
-fi, m. ; (6) béAt fgAoitce. 

Black, a., of a very dark colour, 
fig. dismal, gloomy, sullen, 
threatening, *oub, -tube (cf. W. 


*OÁ bpóffAmn beAn fionn, beA*o 
nA f úite fó-ótAon aici ; 


( 188 ) 


X)Á bpófpAmn beAn fxuAT!)/, tiíof\ 
V)uat\ é mo f aojaI aici ; 

T)Á bpofjMwn beAn buróe, "do 
beAt) fíotfVAc 5^n f5e1.n1 Aid, 

X\cc 1 bpÁinc ua mnÁ Tmibe, 'f 1A> ° 
-ptnjleAC peA|\ Gif\eArm iat). 

[Sw mAftA aj\ tiA mnÁib *QtibA 
nÁ ctntleAnn -piAT).] 

Anything very black, fméAfiA- 
bÁn, -Ám, m. (P. O'L.) ; pmit- 
jvArhÁn, -Am, m. (W. LimS). 

Black, n., that which lacks light 
or whiteness, *otnbe, g. id. /'. 

Black, v.t., to make black, *oéAnAim 

Black (or swarthy) girl, n., rmiác- 
|\ó5, -ói^e, -05A, /. It seems to 
be derived from rmútf\AbÁn, the 
black which collects on the 
bottoms of pots and other 
vessels from the smoke (fmúic) 
of the fires. The fmúcnój;, not 
being very tidy, manages to 
smear herself with this stuff, 
and hence the name; poetically 
bjunnneAl ua y múroe. 

Black and blue, a., the colour of 
a bruise, (1) "oubgofun ; (2) 


Blackball, n., blacking for boots, 

•oubA'oAn, -Aw, m. 
Black-art, n., necromancy, -otfAoro 

e-Aóc, -ca, f. 
Blackbeetle, n., a cockroach (blatta 

orientalis), ciajaój;, -óige, -a, f. 
Blackberry, n. (Bot., rubus fru- 

ticosus), (1) fméAn T)ub ; (2) 

fméA^, -éin, pi. -a and -ca, m., 

and -éine, -j\a, /.; (3) ^niAn- 

mmne, /. 
Blackberry-bush, n. (rubus), (1) 

•ofif, -e, -eACA and -fi, /.; (2) 

-owfeós, -015c -05A, /. 
Blackbird, n. (Zool.), a singing 

bird (turdus merula), the male, 

(1) Lorroub, m.; (2) ion, -om, m.; 

cfví IÁ tomAtjvc ax\ low ; (3) the 
female ; céijvp eAc, -pje, -a, f. 

Blackboard, n., a broad board 
painted black for writing on 
with chalk for use in schools r 
clÁjv *otib, g. ctAin "ótnb, m. 

Black-breasted, a., b|\oinncid|\, 

Blackcap, n. {Zool.), a song bird 
(sylvia atricapilla), (1) pubÁn An 
cmn t)iiib ; (2) cAitleAC ah cmn 
•otnb ; (3) CAipín aj\ coj\ ; (4) 
ceAnn x>uX>; (5) T)onncAt) An CAipin; 
(6) tnÁifún An Umúiji (female). 

Blackcock, n. (Zool.), male of the 
black grouse, coiteAC t)tib. 

Blacken, v.t. to make black.. 
x> ub Aim, -At). 

Blackening, n., the act of making 
black, "oiibAT), -btA, m. 

Black foot, n., stalk or stem r 
•oubcof , -coif e, -a, f. 

Black-footed, a., having black 
stems, T)ubcofAc, -Aije. 

Blackguard, n., a rough, a scoun- 
drel, a ruffian, bUgeÁjvo, -Áijvo r 
-ájvoaí, m. pi. (also -Aice) ; bic- 
eAmnAc, -ai$ } pi. id., m. (Don.). 

Blackguardism, n., ruffianism, 
bli^eAfV'oÁi'óeAcc, -a, /. 

Black-hearted, a., malignantly dis- 
posed, 'otibcjioroeAc, -'óije. 

Blacking, n., the act of making 
boots or shoes black, x>Atu^t>, 
-tugce, m. : b. the shoes, as 
T)Atx\x;AX) tiA mbfóg. 

Blacking, n., a preparation for 

making shoes black and shiny s 

T)ub, -tub, m. (also ink). 
Blacklead, n., plumbago, graphite, 

til Alt) t)tib, /. , 
Blackleg, n., a disease among 

calves and sheep, ceAtpAttiA 

Blackly, ad., in a black manner, 

50 *otib ; 50 "oofoA. 


( 189 ) 


Blackness, n., the quality or state 
of being black, (1) "otnbe, g. id. 
/.; (2) t)uibeACc, -a, /. 

Black oak, n., the trunks of oak 
trees found embedded in bogs, 
miblAmÁn, -Ám, m. ; *oai|\ pon- 
CA15 (Don.). 

Blacksmith, n., a smith who works 
in iron, esp. in making horse- 
shoes, etc., (1) 5AOA "oub ; (2) 
^AbA, g. $AbAnn, pi. ^Aibne, m. 

Blackthorn, n., the sloe tree (pru- 
nus spinosa), "ofAijeAn, -5m, m. 
(cf. O. Slav, trinu, a thorn) ; 
•ofAijjeAnAn, -Ám, m.; "o^Ai^neAC, 
-ni§, m.; -ofAisneós, -oi^e, -a, 
/.; AtAif nA n-Áifne. 

Blackthorn stick, n., bACA "onAijm. 

Blacktop, n., a large shell-fish, 
bfeAUÁn buroe (Don.). 

Bladder, n., (1) a bag or sac in 
animals, boffACA, g. id., pi. -aí, 
m.; (2) the same when removed 
from the animal and inflated, 
(a) éA-ocfomÁn, -Ám. m. (Con. 
and M.), tÁrimÁn, -Ám, m. (W. 
Ker.) ; (b) f£f AC05, -<> 1 5 e > ~ Á > /• 
(Don.) ; (c) fpLiúcAn, -Ám (Or.) ; 
(3) of a fish, (i) bot^An, -Am, m.; 
(ii) tootSAOÁn, -Ám, m. 
Bladder-wrack, n. (Bot.), the com- 
mon black rock-weed (fucus 
nodosus and F. vesiculosus), (1) 
f eAtrmAó botjAc, /.; (2) f eAmAin 
bol^Ám, /. 
Blade, n., (1) the leaf of any plant, 
(a) of corn, seAtfiAfu -Ain , m. : 
ói|\ vp *o'a -oeóm pém "oo bein An 

CAlArtl CO|\At) : Afl T)CÚf ATI 

SeAriiAf A^uf 1 n-A 'óiAi'ó fin *oiAf 
45«f 1 n-A-óiAró fm AfbAf lomtÁn 
'f a x)éif (Mar/c 4, 28) ; (b) of 
grass, (i) feAtnAro, -e, /.; (ii) 
feAniA-o, -ato, m.; (iii) feAuiAroe 
and femiroe, /. (Aran) ; (iv) 
full grown or withered grass, (a) 
feoitne, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (&) 

CfÁitnín (W. Lim.) g. id., pi. 
-ni, also cÁicnín ; (v) of a herb, 
•otnlteós, -óijje, -a. 

(2) Of a sword, knife, etc., 
tAnn, gen. LAmne, dat. Laiwi, pi. 
tAnnA, /., sword blade, lAt\t\ 
clAi'Oim (cf. W. llain, blade). 

(3) Of the breast, breast-bone,. 
ctÁf An ucca, m. 

(4) Of an oar, (a) bAf (pron. 
bof) An rhAroe, gen. bAife, /.; (b) 
eice, g. id., pi. -a-oa, /.; (c) liac, 
-a, w. 

(5) The scapula or shoulder 
blade, bAf An cftmneÁm, gen. 
bAife, /. 

(6) Of straw, (a) bjvob, -oibe, 
pi. -a, /. ; (b) comtin, g. id., pi. 
-ni,, m. 

Blaeberry, n. See Bilberry. 

Blain, n., (1) an inflammatory 
swelling, pustule or blister, (a) 
Stan, -tun, m., dim. gtnfín, m.; 
(b) fptiúcAn, -Am, m. (Or.); (c) 
teAfAc, -Aije (Coll.) ; (2) on the 
hands or feet, chillblain, (a) 
ftiAccÁn, -Ám, in.; (b) téAf , -éif , 
-a, m.; (3) on the sole of the 
foot, (a) bumnteAC, g. -leice, 
pi. -a, /. ; (b) bonnbuAtA*o, 
-Alice, m. 

Blakes, n., dry cow dung used as 
fuel, btiAicneÁn, -Ám, m. 

Blamable, a., blameworthy, (1) 
nutteÁnAc, -Aije ; (2) toccAc, 
-Ai$e ; (3) ion6Af Aoitje ; (4) 

Blame, v.t., to censure or find 
fault with ; (1) toccuigim, -u$a*o ; 
(2) mitleÁnAim, -A"ó ; (3) t>ío- 
rrioLAim, -At) ; (4) Aipifim, -fife, 
also Aipnim, -fife [note that 
this verb governs the person 
in the dat. with a\\ and the 
matter of blame or reproach 
in the accusative] : may God 


( 190 ) 


not b. you for it, nirv Aippro 
T)ia o r c é ; (5) fpjAe.A5.Ai1n, -a*ú ; 
(6) cÁmirri, -neAT). 

Do not blame me, nÁ cóg o|\m é. 
Blame yourself, biot) ofvc -pern, 
zú pew ir cionncAc. 

Blame, n., (1) censure, reproach, 
(a) rnHXeÁn, -Áw, m. : do not 
b. me for it, ha ctnrv a rmtteAn 
o|Amf a ; small b. to him, bA 
beAg ah rmtteAn aij\ ; níofi rhór\ 
An rmtteAn Air\ ; (b) AitbeAf\, 
-bi r , m. : let me bear the b. 
for ever, biot) AitbeAfv 50 br^At 
orvm (Gen. 43, 9), also Aip r u, 
-e, /.; (2) a fault, tocu, -a, pi. 
id. m. : small b. to her of 
course, T>Ap noóij if beAg An 
tocc inrvti ; no b. to you, nró 
riAó tocu OpC ; (3) goúÁn, -Ám, 

Blamed, a., censured, tocumgue. 

Blameless, a., without blame, inno- 
cent, (1) nenticionncAc, -Aije 
(Gen. 44, 10) ; (2) neArhtocuAc, 
-Aije (1 Tim. 32 ; (3) $au 

Blamelessness, n., innocence, nenfi- 
cionnuACu, -a, /. 

Blameful, a., faulty, rmtteÁnAó, 

Blameworthy, a., culpable, cionn- 
uac, -Atge. 

Blamer, n., one who blames, 

tocuóifi, -ófvA, -r\í, m. 
Blaming, n., the act of censuring, 

toccnjAt), -tngúe, m. 
Blanch, v.t., to make white; to 

bleach (1) geAUirjim, -ujja'ó ; (2) 

bÁmirgim, -ugAt). 
Blanched, a., bleached, geAtuA. 
Bland, a., suave, gentle, mild, (1) 

rénfi, -e ; (2) cAorh, -oirhe ; (3) 

utÁiu, -e. 
Blandiloquence, n., mild, flattering 

speech, mitirbjviAUfVA, pi. m. 

Blandish, v.t., to flatter with kind 
words, r\ÁirhceAt5Aim, -a*ó. 

Blandisher, n., one who cajoles 
with soft talk, fÁirhceAt5Ai|\e, 
g. id., pi. -rvi, m. ; btAT>Air\e, g. 
id., pi., -fvi. m. 

Blandishment, n., soft-worded ca- 
jolery, (1) btA'OArv, g. and pi. -aij\, 
m.; (2) r\ÁirhceAl5A > ó, -Aro, m.; 

(3) rÁirnceAtgAirveAcc, -a, /.; (4) 
btÁrnÁr, -Áif, m. (V.) (5) 
ptÁmÁr (M.). 

Blandness, n., the state or quality 
of being bland, (1) féirheAóu, -a, 
/.; (2) utÁiue, g. id. f. 

Blank, a., (1) free from writing, 
printing, etc., bÁn, comp. bÁme ; 
(2) empty, without result, potArh. 
comp. -potrhA ; a b. cheque, r eic 
5An UonAT) ; a b. bond, bAnnA 
Savi tíonA'ó. 

Blank, n., any void space, (1) 
bÁme,; (2) potrhAcu, -a, /. 

Blanket, n., a heavy woollen article 
of bed-clothing, (1) ptAro, -e, pi. 
-eAnnA and -i, /.; (2) ptAincéAT), 
(ptAnceAt), Don.), -céro, m. ; (3) 
r-vir-A, gen. id. m., dim. rinrín. 
m.; (4) btAwceAT), -éro, m. (Or.) ; 
(5) bjiAu, -tnu, m. : ir ueoroe 
>oo'n rnbf\AU a > óúbtA > o, the b. is 
the warmer for being doubled. 

Blarney, n., smooth wheedling 
talk, (1) btAT)Arv, g. and pi. 
-Airv, ni.; (2) btera, -e, /.; (3' 
btÁmÁf (ptÁmÁf), -Air, m.; (4) 
-pofvÁn, -Ám, m. 

Blarney, v.t., to wheedle, btAT)r\Aim. 
-at) : he blarneyed me, buAit f ( 
btero orvm. 

Blaspheme, v.t., to speak of Go< 
or of anything sacred with im- 
pious irreverence, (1) T)iAitiAf- 
turgim, -ugAt) ; (2) tAbfvAim ni 
>oeir\irn biAifpéime (Mark 3, 28, 
29) ; (3) nAorhAitifi5im, -uja-o 

(4) nAomrhAVUngim, -u^At). 


( 191 ) 


Blasphemer, n., one who blas- 
phemes, (1) TnArhAfUngteóin ; 

(2) nAotfiAitvp eóifi ; (3) nAotri- 
riiALUnjteóin, -ój\a, -\ú, m. 

Blaspheming, n., the act of speak- 
ing impiously of God or of sacred I 
things, (1) T>iAtfiAftii5AT), -tugte, ! 
m.) (2) nAomniAttugAt), -urgte, | 

Blasphemous, a., speaking or writ- j 
ing blasphemy, (1) •oiAtfiAftAC, 
-Aije ; (2) THArhAf tuijceAc, -cige ; 

(3) nAorhtfiALUnjteAC, -ti§e ; (4) 
tiAoifiAicifeAc, -fi$e. 

Blasphemy, n., (1) to revile im- 
piously either God or sacred 
things, (a) btAtppeirne, g. id., 
pi. -mi, /. ; (b) x)iAitiAftti5AT), 
-urgte, m.; (c) nAorhAicir, -re, 
~Vh l-l (d) uAoifirhAtttngeAcc, -a, 


(2) Figuratively of persons or 

things, bAt)bóif\eAcc, -a, /. ; nuAin 
nÁc bruit ceAX) eAf^Aine nÁ bA*o- 
bóineAócA A^Atn o|\u nÁj\ gAbAit) 
An ^AlAfv buróe nÁ ah itieitt- 
teóijAeAóc tA^c. 
Blast, n., (1) a violent gust of wind, 
(a) ríneÁn, -Ám, m. : that b. 
of wind would take the horns 
off a mAoL (hornless) cow, bAin- 
reAt) Ati rmneÁn ^Aoite rm riA 
1lAt)AlACA "oe bó tflAOll (tTI. XX). XI.), 
also f íon Án, fAijneÁn, rumneÁn, 
romneÁn ; (b) ríomÁn, -Ám, m.; 
(C) riOltAt), -avó, -Aróe (G. D.). 

(2) Blight or sudden pernicious 
effect, as by a blasting wind, 
also the wind itself, (a) reóóAn, 
-Am, m.; (b) roitbéim, -e, -eAnnA, 
/.; the blasting wind, (i) r éroeAt), 
--ote, m. : by the b. of God they 
perish, te févoeA-o T)é imtijro 
(Job 4, 9) ; (ii) 5Aoit|\eó5, -óige, 
-a, /.; (hi) ^Aot f\uAt), g. $;Aoice 
juiAroe, /. (1 Kings 8, 37) ; (iv) 
juiA'OjAoc, -otce, /. 

(3) The sound made by the 
blowing of a wind instrument, 

(a) buiixe, g. id., pi. -ti, m. : the 
b. of a trumpet, buiLLe f utnc ; 

(b) féi-oeó^, -óige, -a, /.; (c) 
rtiAim An rcinc, m. (Josh. 6, 5). 

Blast, v.L, to blight, (1) cAocAmi, 
-at) : blasted by the east wind, 

A|A n-A ^CAOCAt) ón §A01C An01|\ 

(Gen. 41, 6) ; (2) reóCAim, -At) ; 
(3) Lof5Aim, -At) ; (4) reAj\5Aim, 


BZasi 2/ow, cao|\ uemnc|\eAc 
one, a bad curse. 

Blasted, a., blighted, withered, (1) 
caoc, -oice ; blasted wheat, 
CAoc-cntntneAcc ; (2) reoij;ce, 
ind.; (3) feA^tA, ind.; state 
of being blasted, cAoice, g. id. f. 

Blasting, n., blighting, withering, 
(1) caocat), -oca, m.; (2) reóóAt), 
g. reórgce and -cca, m.; (3) 
feA^At), -5ÚA, -m. 

Blatant, a., disagreeably clamorous, 
ÁnT)-5tónAc, -Aige. 

Blathering, n. (slang), blustering 
talk, (1) f5AotAif\eAcc, -a, /.; (2) 
blAT)AineAcc, -a, /. 

Blatherskite, n. (slang), a bluster- 
ing, talkative fellow, (1) r^Aou- 
Ai|\e, g. id. -|\í, m.; (2) bi<voAij\e, 
m. ; (3) buAitnnf5iAC, m. 

Blaze, n., (1) a bright flame, LAfAin, 

gf. LAffAAC, pi. tAf|\ACA, /./ (2) 

tAfój, -óige, -a, /.; (3) btA^óm, 
-a, -Ann a, m.; (4) btAt)Ain, -e, 
-í, /. (Don.), also bLAoine, /. 
(Don.) ; (5) bUvomrAC, -A15, pi. 
id. m.; (6) bneó, #. id. m.; (7) 
^eAtÁn, -Ám, m. 

In a blaze, on fire, Af Iav-ao. 

In a bright blaze, Ap *óeA|tj;- 


Blaze, v.i., to shine or glow with 
flame, (1) L^rAim, -At) : x>o L^r 
f é f uAf , it blazed up ; (2) b|Aeót>- 
Aim, v.n. b|\eót)(At)). 


( 192 ) 


Blazing, a., burning with a blaze, 
(1) tAfr\Ac, -Aige ; (2) brveiyoA, 
ind.; (3) toifgeAncA, ind.; (4) 
5téArvAó, -Arge. 

Blazing, n., the act of burning 
with a blaze, (1) tAfAT), g. -fCA, 
m.; (2) ritnoieAt), -once, m.; 
(3) btArórxeAT), -fit), m. 

Blazon, vX, to delineate armorial 
bearings, -pttAittirgim, -mjA'ó. 

Blazon, Blazonry, n., the art of 
depicting or describing heraldic 
bearings, fUAiteAncAf, -Aif m. 

Blazoner, n,, one who blazons coats 
of arms, fUAiteAncoirt, -ój\a, -rtí, 

Bleaberry. See Bilberry. 

Bleach, v.t., to make white, (1) 
SeAUnjnn (te griéin), -ugA'ó, 
also geAlAim, -a*ó. 

Bleached, a., whitened, (1) geAt- 
tnjte ; (2) geAtcA, ind. 

Bleacher, n., one who bleaches, (1) 
5eAlcói|v, -ór\A, -|AÍ, m.j (2) 
5eAtui5teói|v ; (3) geAtATDóiri, 
-ójva, -jví, m.; (4) €UAf\AcÁn ; (5) 
buACAóÁn, #. and pl. -Áin, m.; (6) 
biíACAifve, gen. id., pl. -j\í, m. 

Bleachery, n,, the place or estab- 
lishment where bleaching is done, 

(1) seAlACÁn, -Ám, m.; (2) a 
bleach-green, cuAfv, -a\\\, m., 
dim. cuAirmi. Both words enter 
largely into place-names, as 
UuAfi ha 'potA, UuAijvín ha 5fvéine, 
both not far from Abbey fe ale. 

Bleaching^ n., the act or process 
of whitening, (1) seAtugA-o, 
-uijte, m., also jeAlAt), -Ica, m.; 

(2) cuArt, -Aif\, m.: a long b. 
whitens well, T>éAnAnn cuaj\ pvoA 
^eAtujA'ó mAit. The liquid used 
by countrywomen in the process 
is called btiAc, -Aice, /. 

Bleak, a., (1) desolate and exposed, 
(a) torn, g. s. f. Untne ; (b) 
f^eiftDeAc, -"orge ; (c) f^éirv- 

*oeAiriAit, -rhtA ; (d) pAnn, -Airme 

(2) Cold and cheerless, (a) 
■ptJArv, -Aij\e ; (&) c|\iotptiAri, 

Bleakness, n., the quality of being 
bleak place, rseijvo, -e, /.; a 
bleak, (1) Untne, g. id. f. ; (2) 
■p5éirvT)e, /. : a bleak eminence, 
mAoileArm, -turn, m. 

Blear-eyed, «., having sore eyes, 
dim-sighted, (1) 5L1ÚCAÓ, -Aige ; 
(2) bjvAc-f úiteAc, -ti$e ; (3) 5;eAtn- 
f úiteAC, -Uge ; (4) ^eóm^c, -Aige 
( Mea.) ; (5) (a) f ^ eAtnAc. -Ai£e ; 
(b) ptiuc-fúiteAó; (c) pitfviiteAC, 
meAt-f ihleAC ; watery running. 

Blear-eyed person, n., gtiúcAó, ai§, 
m; r-rieAmAó/n, -Am, m. (m. t).). 

Bleat, v.i., (1) to cry like a sheep, 
rn erotism, -teAC : the lamb 
teaching his mother to b., ah 
t-uAn A5 trmmeAt> méit>U$e "OÁ 

(2) To cry like a goat, (a) 
meiseAflAim, -Laó ; (Jb) mei^- 
éAT)ui5;im > -t>ac. 

Bleat, ft., (1) a cry like that of a 
sheep, méróit, -e. /. 
(2) Like a goat, mere;, -e, /. 

Bleating, n., (1) the cry of a sheep, 
méróteAC, -tije, /. : to hear the 
b. of the flocks, -o' éifceAóc te 
mevotij; nA 'ocféA'o (Judg. 5, 16). 
(2) The cry of a goat, (a) 
mei^eAttAc, -Aije, /.; (b) merg- 
eA*OAó, -Aije, /.; (c) tneigteAc, 
-ti£e, /. 

Bleed, v.i., to emit blood, to lose 
blood, certain, fitim nó CAbfAim 
-potA : "Do f iteAf CÚ15 tinnfA 
•o'-prnt, I bled five ounces. 

Bleed, v.t., to let or draw blood 
from, (1) -poUnjim, -uJa-o ; (2) 
puitijim, -lu^At) : *ouine "o'fot- 
ujAT) ; -puit "oo tAntvAwj; ó "ouine. 


( 193 ) 


Bleeder, n., one who or that which 
draws blood, -poUvoóif, -ójtA, -jtí, 

Bleeding, n., (1) an emission of 
blood, as from the nose, (a) 
as CAbAijiu -potA ' (b) A5 CI15WC 
potA (Or.) ; (c) 45 ctiginc potA 
(Con.); also CL15 and ct.15, cor- 
ruptions of reits (Or.); (d) 45 
CUft poLA. 

(2) Drawing blood from, (a) 
poUig-At), -tnjjte ; (b) puiUujAX), 

Blemish, v.L, to mar, injure or 
impair, (1) mittim, -heA'o ; (2) 
toiotn, v.n. toe. 

Blemish, n., any deformity or 
defect which mars, injures or 
impairs, (1) tocc, -a, pi. id. m.; 
(2) ftmÁL, -AM, m.; (3) mÁCAiL ; 
-AtA, f. (fmÁcAit, Con.), (c/. L. 
macula) ; (4) béim, -e, -eAnnA, 
/.; (5) coibéim, -e, pi. -eAnnA, 
/.; (6) AweAtii, g. and pi. Amme, 
/.; (7) cairn, -e, -eACA, /.; (8) 
cAróe, g. id., pi. -t>eACA, /.; (9) 
bjteAtt, -eitt, m. 

Blemished, a., damaged or im- 
paired, (1) coibéime-Aó, -tmgte ; 
(2) AmrheAc, -ttngte. 

Blemishless, a., without blemish, 
5A11 tocc ; 5A11 rmÁl ; neAtn- 

Blend, n., a mixture, cumAf5, -Aif5, 

Blend, v.L, to mix, 1ne.dr5.Aitn, -a-o. 

Blending, n., the act of mixing. 
meAr-sxvo, -stujte, nó -5tA, wi. 

Blent, a,, mixed, meA^ingce. 

Bless, v.L, (1) beAnntnjim, -U5A-0 : 
"oo beAnnui5 Q™ an re^ctm-At) 
U, benedixit diei Septimo (Gen. 
2, 3) ; b. me also, beAnnui5 mme 
niAjt An ^céATDnA ; I will b. you, 
beAnnóCAit) mé tú ; I salute, 
beAnmngim x>ó. 

(2) Bless, consecrate, coifni5im, 
(pron. coif c-jngnn in U.) -11154*0 : 
b. yourself, make the sign of the 
Cross on yourself, coifnij; tú 
pém ; coifjteAC 01 péw (Don.) ; 
I will b. myself coipneóCA*o mé 
péw ; b. me, coifmj; mé ; holy 
water, mf5e coifmjjte (nó corp- 
jteACAn nó coipneA5tA). 

(3) Bless, consecrate, church 
(a mother), coiffteACAim, -caw: 
to bury their bodies . . . . in a 
consecrated place, a 5Cinjtp 
'o'.A'ónACAL .... 1 n-ionA*o óoif- 
fieA5tA (K., "C. bb. 159); the 
consecrated Host of the Altar, 
nAóuiAbtAnn coif|veA5tA ua 
bAtcóftA (ib., 245). 

Blessed, a., consecrated, holy, (1) 
beAnnmgte, ind.; (2) coipni5te ; 
(3) coif |\eA5CA ; (4) nAomtA. 

Blessed be God, 5lói|t, buró- 
eACAf no motAt) te T)ia. See Bless. 

Blessedness, n., heavenly joys, 
bliss, nAomtAcc, -a. /. 

Blessing, n.. (1) act of, beAnn 1154*0, 
-tngte ; AnnfA ceAmpAU, A5 
motAT) A5tif A5 beAnnti5AT) T)é 
(Luke 24, 53) ; *o'iompui5 T)ia 
An mAlUijjAT) 1 n-A beAnn U5A*0 
-otnere (Dent. 23, 5). 

(2) A benediction, beAnnAóc, 
-a, /. : give me your b., cAbAijt 
x)otn x>o beAnn acc ; my b. and 
the b. of God on you, mo 
beAnnAóc A5tip beAnnAóc T)é ojtc ; 
may the b. of God go with you ; 
God speed you, beAnnAcc T)é 

Blest. See Blessed. 

Blight, n. (on potatoes), (1) -oub- 
AóÁn, -Ám, m.; (2) *ouibeACÁn ; 
(3) pnolAt), -tcA, m. 

Blethering. See Blathering, 

Blight, v.L, to blast, (1) peóCAim, 
-a*0 ; (2) lof5Aim, -At> ; (3) to 
ruin, milUm, -t.eA*o. 


( 194 ) 


Blighted, a., (1) peóitce ; (2)totp5- 
ce ; (3) rmUxe ; (4) caoc, -oice ; 
(5) ftnótcd. 

Blind, v.t., to deprive of sight, 

(1) caocauti, -xó; T>ALtAini, -at> 

(2) Idiom, was it not he that 
was blinded, iiac aij\ a tnnAteA'ó 
au oémi f út. 

Blind, a., without sight, caoc> 
-oice (cf. L. caecus) ; *oaLL, comp- 
T>Aitte (c/. Bret, dall) : a man's 
blind side, cut "0131116 ; a man's 
eye is dim in another's [chimney] 
corner, if "oaíL fúiL 1 gcuinne 
T>uine eite ; who so b. as he 
that will not see, cia if T)AiUte 
nÁ &r\ cé nÁc bpeiceAnn ; blind 
of an eye, LeAtcAoc ; also aja 
teAtf úil ; stone blind, t>aU,caoc, 

Blind, n., (1) for a window, tuf^A, 
g. id., m.; pó^-ptnnneó5 ; pAtAC 
-pumneoige ; "OAtles via pumne- 

(2) For the eyes in blind man's 
buff, púcó5, -oi$e, -a, f. (also 
for a thieving cow), púicín, g. 
id., pi. -ní, m. (W. Lim.), where 
it also means the game ; T)Aitó<5, 
-óige, -a, /., also for a thieving 

Blind female, n., CA0Ó05, -óige, 

-A, f. 

Blindfold, v.t., to cover the eyes 
with a bandage, cuifum "oallat) 
tmittóige aij\ ; ctii|\im tjaLIos Aifi ; 
b. him, ctnn T>.dtló5 aija. 

Blinded, v. a., x>a\Xza. 

Blindfolding, n., the act of putting 
a cover over the eyes. (1) -p°f5- 
*oa\Xax), -It: a, m.; (2) paLac rut ; 
"oaU, ví'á 111111x05 of\c, sheep's 
blindness on you. 

Blinding, n., the act of making 
blind, (1) "oaIXa'ó, -tngte ; (2) 


Blindly, ad., in a blind manner, 

(1) 50 x>a\x ; (2) 50 CAOC . 
Blind man, n.,x>All, -aiLL, m.; "0111116 

*oAtt : peAn x>o\\ca ; a blind man 
is a bad judge of colours, ir 
olc An bjveiteAtn a\k *óaúaií> t>aUI ; 
T>Att aj\ tí 111 bf eiteArh piofi ; a 
partially blind person, (a) caoc- 
Á11, -Am, m. ; (h) x>A\XÁn. 

Blind man's buff, n., a game in 
which a person blindfolded, has 
to catch another and tell who 
it is, ptnciti ; "oaLLat) púicín, m,; 
cac caoc ; tofgcAU, m.; caocoj;, 
-óige, -a, /.; T)Attó5 ; cUnce 
"OAitUcín ; T>Aittcin. m. 

Blindness, n., the state or condition 
of being blind, (1) -oAitte, g. 
id. f. ; (2) 'oaUIa'ó, -avó, m. ; 
•OAtlAt) T)é o\\z ; (3) cAoice, g. 
id. f. ; T)AtlAt) muUos, sheep- 
blindness ; though bad it is to 
be bald it is w 7 orse to be blind, 
"OÁ *óonA mAot if meAf a tntittós ; 
blindness of intellect, t>aU4\at>- 
Apc (Don.) ; blindness of heart, 
"OAUcfioróeAcc, -a, /. 

Blind of an eye, a., teAtcAoc ; oeit 
A|\ teAtfúit. 

Blind side, n., cúfotntie (O'Beg.). 

Blink, v.t., to twinkle with the eye, 
cAf5Aim (O'-R.); rrnéroirn te 
fúit (O'Beg.). 

Blinkard, n., one who blinks with 
w 7 eakeyes,CAocÁn, -Ám, m.; peAf 
teAtfút (O'Beg.). 

Bliss, n., the highest degree of 
happiness, (1) féAn, g féin, m.; 

(2) fotiAf , -Aif . m.; (3) AoioneAf , 
-nif , m. 

Blissful, a., happy in the highest 
degree, (1) féAntfiAjv -Airie ; (2) 
■poriAf ac, comp. f onA nó f onAige ; 

(3) Aoibmn, -bne. 
Blissfulness, n., the state of being 

blissful, (1) AoioneAf, -nif, m.; 
(2) féAntfiAitAeAcr, -a, f. 


( 195 ) 


Blister, n., a vesicle of the skin 
containing watery matter, (1) 
00L5AC, -Ai$e, /.; (2) bun^Le-Af, 
-éif, -a, m.; (3) clog, g. CU115, 
m., dim. cUngiri, m.; (4) bAttf- 
501T) -e, -1, /.; (5) téAf, -éif 7 
-a, m.; (6) téAfAC, -Aige (Coll.) ; 
(7) -pptiúóÁn, -Ám, m. (U.); (8) 
pucoro, -e, -i, /.; (9) bufsovo, 
-e, -i, f.; (10) ptmgoro, -e, -eACA, i 
/.; (11) fpuAic, -e, -i, /.; (12) j 
fpucÁn, -Ám, m.; niiAif\ ^ooijeAnn | 
*oume a ton CAitp'ó fé furóe 
Af\ An fpucÁn ; (13) pvob, 
-Aróbe, /.; (14) blob a and ptobA, 
g. id., pi. -aí, m.; (15) geAjA^, | 
-eifge, -a, p.; (16) from cold, j 
fUAccÁn, -Ám, m. 

Blistered, a., full of blisters, (1) j 
bot^AC, -Aije ; (2) btntgteAf ac, ! 
-Arge ; (3) LéAfAC ; (4) bot^tugte, 
ind.; (5) btobAC, -Ai£e ; (6) | 
^eA^AC, -Aije. 

Blithe, a., (1) frolicsome, AejiAC, ; 
-|\Aije ; (2) merry, f utcniAjt, 
-tfiAi^e ; (3) sprightly, ^Áilbe, 
-bije ; (4) lively, éAf&Ai'ó; -e 
(Cow.) ; (5) pleasant, r ubAc, 
-Aije; (6) gay, meAnmtiAc, -Ai$e; 
(7) cfoi'óeAtfiAiL, -tfitA. 

Blithesomeness, n., the quality of 
being merry, gay or cheery, (1) 
Ae^Aóc, -a, /.; (2) futcrhAifieAcc, 
-a, /.; (3) AiceA-p, -cif, m. 

Bloat, v.i., to swell, (1) acawi, v.n. 
ac : t)'ac f é, he swelled or be- 
came bloated ; (2) bowiACAim, 


Bloated, a., swollen, (1) aj\ ti-ac ; 
(2) fAitiAipteAc, -Uje. 

Bloated person, n., (a) boiUfcin, 
g. id., pi. -ní, m.; (b) bol5A«oÁn, 
-Am, m.; (<■) botjAi^e, g. id., 
pi. -jAí, m.; (d) btéiteAc, -cij, 
*».; (e) fmeA|\tAóÁn, -Am, m. 

Bloatedness, n., the state of being 
bloated, lioncACt, -a, /. 

Bloater, n., the common herring, 
esp. when smoked and half-dried, 
-pgATDÁn, -Ám, m. 

Block, n. 5 (1) a solid piece of wood, 
(a) ceAp, a/, and pi. cip, m. ; 
cooper's block, ceAp fniorh5Aif\ 
(Lat. cippus) ; (b) ceAjACAU, (some- 
times c|\eACAtt), -Aitte, -cIa, /. : 
a couple of blocks [of bog-deal] 
we raised when we were putting 
out the turf, cúptA cjieACAiVte 
cójAmAfv niiAi|\ X)0 biomA|\ Ag 
cii|\ ua mótiA AiYiAc (t). "p.) ; (c) 
-ptrmcÁn, -Ám, m. : a (small) 
block of bog-deal, ftrmuÁn 51Ú1Í1- 
Aife ; (d) rAtfiAn, -Am, -uua, m. ; 
(e) fZACÁn, Ám, m., a block or 
stump whether large or small, 
pAtt fCfiACÁm, a hole in a bog 
from which a large block of fir 
has been raised (Tyr.). 

(2) A solid mass of wood, 
stone, etc., btoc, g. bimc, pi. 
id. m. 

Blockade, v.t. See Beleaguer and 

Blockhead, ft., a stupid fellow, (1) 
ceAnn mAvoe, g. cmn mAroe, m. ; 
(2) bAouÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) T)UAmAf- 
•oói^, -ófiA, -^í, m.; (4) 'oaUajwi, 
-Ám, m.; (5) ceArm púCA aji 
mAme ; (6) T)AtlAóÁr\, -Ám, m.; 
(7) cAttiAn, -Am, -ncA, m.; (8) 
cArhAUAc, -A15, -Aige, m.; (9) 
bAfcúti, -úm, m.; (10) ceAnn 

CfVtlAlt) ; (11) ClUAfAUAC, -Aij, m. 

Blockheaded, blockish, a., stupid, 
dull, (1) 'OAHXmcmneAC, -nige ; 
(2) -oAltAigeAncAc, -Aige ; (3) 
x)ú-|A, -úif\e. 

Blockheadedness, n., stupidity, (1) 
T)AiUmcmneAóc, -a, /.; (2) T)Ati- 
Ai^eAncAcc, -a, /.; (3) "oúifve, g. 
id. f. 

Blood, n., (1) the fluid which cir- 
culates in the animal system, (a) 
pint, g. potA, -AtmA, /. [it also 


( 196 ) 


means family or tribe] ; (b) gore, 
cfvó, g. id. m., also cjaú, g. id. m. 
(cf. L. cruor, blood, and crudus, 
raw) : -o^oc-cjau , bad blood j my 
blood was up, x>o bi cocAt oj\m, 
to stanch blood, pint >oo cops ; 
blood and gore, pint Agup put- 
pACC (P. $.). 

(2) Relationship by blood, (a) 
5-Aot, -oit, -t€A, mi; (b) jjAot 
potA, m.; (c) gAot ua scnÁrh ; 
(d) cómgAot, m. ; (e) pÁij\c, -e, 
-eAnnA, /. (Der. and Mon.) ; (/) 
cot, -a, m. : first cousin, cot 
ce&t&Mp.; second cousin, cotpeip- 
eAp (Con.). 

(3) Lineage, descent, (a) ptiocc, 
g. pteAccA, pi. id. m. : having 
many descendants, ptiocurhAjt, 
-Aifve ; (b) cineAt), g. -tut), pi. 
-ni^oeACA, m.; (c) piot, g. -it, 
pi. -tcA, m.; (d) piOtpAC, -at§, 
m.; (e) rmAriAc, -A15, -Aige : the 
bad " drop " .1. the bad breed is 
showing itself, ca An t)poc- 
nuAriAc A5 ceAcc ahiac. 

(4) Excellence or purity of 
breed, esp. in stock-breeding, 
potAróeACt:, -a, /. 

Bloodguiltiness, n., murder, (1) 

pint, g. potA, /. : deliver me 

from b., pAop mé ó puit (Ps. 

51, 14) ; (2) ptntciormcAct, -a, 

/.; (3) > ouuttiAf\bA > ó, -btA, m. 
Bloodguilty, a., guilty of murder, 

(1) ptntciormcAc, -Ai£e ; (2) mm- 

rhAf\btAó, -Ai§e. 
Blood-heat, n., the average heat 

of the blood, ceAf potA, g. 

ceAfA potA, m. 
Bloodhound, n., a breed of large 

dogs remarkable for keenness 

of smell, (1) cti potA, g. con potA; 

/.; (2) rriA'opA'ó 540-iie, m. 
Bloodiness, n., disposition to shed 

blood, (1) puuxeAóc, -a, /.; (2) 

ptntroeAcc, -a, /. 

Bloodless, a., (1) destitute of blood, 
neArh potAtfiAit, -ititA. 

(2) Not attended with blood- 
shed or slaughter, (1) neArh- 
ptntteAc, -cije ; (2) f^ÁgtA, ind.; 
(3) >oioptAinn (p. t.). 

Blood-letter, n., a phlebotomist, 
(1) cuipteóip, -ópA, -ftí, m.; (2) 
ptiit-tei5eAncói|\, m.; (3) ptut- 

'P5AOlteA > OÓ1|A. 

Blood-letting, n., the act of bleed- 
ing or letting blood, (1) ptnt- 
teigeAn ; (2) ptntp5Aoite<vó, -tee, 
m. ; (3) ptntiugA'ó, -igte, m. 

Blood-pudding, n. (Cookery), a 
pudding filled principally with 
blood, pucó5 potA. 

Blood-red, a., of the colour of 
blood, (1) pwtroe ; (2) q\ó , oeA]\5, 

Bloodshed, n., the shedding of 
blood or the taking of human 

life, pUltÓOpCA*Ó. 

Bloodshot eyes, púite T>eAj\3A. 

Blood-thirsty, a., eager to shed 
blood, sanguinary, murderous, 
(1) ptntceAc, -cije : the b. hate 
the upright, puAttn^iT» x\a "OAome 
ptntceACA au c-ionnpAic (Prov. 
29, 10) ; (2) piocrhAp, -Ai|\e ; (3) 
c|\óitmnceAc, -cijge. 

Blood-vessel, n., an artery or vein, 

(1) Áf\tf\A, g. id. m. (cf. a^u^ac 
(ác^ac), a vessel of any kind) ; 

(2) ctupte, g. id., pi. ctnpteAnnA. 
Bloody, a., (1) containing or re- 
sembling blood, potAtriAit, -mtA. 

(2) Smeared with blood, pwt- 
ceAc, -ci$e ; "oeApg, -eijvge. 

(3) Given to the shedding of 
blood, ptntceAc, -oje : come out 
thou b. man, caj\ AtriAc a >otnne 
ftntcrg (2 Sam. 16, 7). 

(4) Involving bloodshed, c|\ó- 
tmnceAó, -cige. 

Bloom, n., the blossom or flower 
of a plant, btÁc, g. -a, and 


( 197 ) 


-Áite, pi. -a, f. (M.), ft. -a, pi. 
-auua, m. {Con. and 17.) : in 
full b., -pAoi lÁnbtÁt. 

(2) The opening of flowers, 
bonnAt), -ntA, m. 

(3) Freshness and vigour, flush 
pr glow of youth, (ft) -btÁt : in 
the b. of youth, 1 mblÁit tia 
nórge, also 1 mbonnAT) ua tiói^e. 
See (2). 

(4) The delicate covering of 
some fruit, as the peach, and 
generally anything with an ap- 
pearance of attractive freshness, 
(ft) blÁt, -Aite, /. ; (b) uproot, 
-oice, /. 

Bloom, v.i., to blossom, to show 
beauty and freshness, (1) blÁc- 
11151m, -ujA-o ; (2) bonnAim, -a*o, 
also bonm-iijpm, -in^At). 

Blooming, a., flowering, (1) btÁt- 
rhAn, -Aine ; (2) únrsotAc, -Aige. 

Blossom, (1) the flower or bloom 
of a plant, (ft) btÁt, ft. -a and 
-Aire, pi. -a, f. (M.), also gen. 
-a, pi. -Ann a, m. (Con. and U.) ; 
(b) r&ot, -oite, -a, /.; (c) ponn- 
rsot, -a, m.; (d) 5ÓCO5, -015c 

-A, /. 

(2) The stage of development 
of something beautiful, blÁú, 
-Áice, -a, /. : in the blossom of 
youth, 1 mbtÁit na nóige. 

Blossom, v.i., to put forth flowers, 
bl Át 11151m, -115AT). 

Blossoming, n., the act of coming 
into Bower, btAtu&A'ó, -unite. 

Blot, ?(., (1) a spot or stain, as of 
ink. (/0 bj\don, -om, pi. -a and -ca, 
W.; (b) rmÁi. -Ail, m.; (c) 
b-dttfsóro, -e, -i, f. (gl. L. litura). 
(2) A stain on a reputation, 
(ft) béim, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (b) 
coibénn, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (c) AUiirh, 
-e, /.; ((/) ptrút, -Alt, m. : a 
reputation without a blot cr 
stain, cm 5v\n rnu\i. 

Blot, v.t., T>oincim *oub An pÁipéAn. 
Blot out, (ft) f5niofAim Ar nó 
AmAC : blot out my sins, rsnior 
uauti mo cionncA ; I will not 
blot his name out of the book 
of life, ni fsniofpAT» a Ainm Af 
leAbAn nA beAtA ( Rev. 3,5); (b) 
bÁitnn, -ÁtA'ó, with AmAC : that 
I may blot out their names, 50 
mbÁitró mé aiuac a n-Ainm 
(Deut. 9, 14) ; (c) "oubAim, -ax>, 
with AmAC (cf. Numb. 5, 23). 

Blotch, n. (Med.), a large pustule, 
a coarse eruption, seAnb, -etnbe, 
-a, /.; seAns, -einse, -a, /.; téAf, 
-éif, -einbe, -a, m.; dim. 5ÁnÁn, 
a blotch on the skin from heat 
(cf. Bret, gor, burning ; W. 
gwres, heat) ; 5on, -inn, m. 

Blotched, a., having pustules, (1) 
5eAnbAc, -Ait;e ; (2) jca^ac, 

Blouse, n., a light loose over-gar- 
ment such as worn by ladies or 
by working men in France, 
CAimpe, ft. id. f. 

Blow, n.. a stroke, (1) buttle, ft. id., 
pi. -roe, m. : the b. goes to the 
bone but the word (of blame) 
with the wind, céi'óeAnn An 
btntle 50 cnÁm acu nmtn^eAnn 
An pocAt te 5A01Ú ; he does 
nothing without blows, ní *óem- 
eAnn ré aoti juro 5A11 bintli ; 
btntle ÓL05 means one o'clock ; 
if btnlle An a^ato é, it is so 
much done ; (2) béim, ft. -e, 
pi. -meAnnA; ft. pi. béimeAiin, /.; 
(3) violent, pAltcos, /., peAttco5 
(Don.), PAIICÓ5, -oi5e, -a, /. 
(Con.); (4) rmeAc, -a, m., rpeAC, 
-a, m., also a kick; (5) piéArs, 
a loud-sounding heavy blow, g. 
-eirge, pi. -a and -Ann a, /. (cf. Gr. 
TvXrjyy) blow ; 7r\r}(r(reiv , to Strike), 
plép5, -e, -eACA, /. (Con.) ; (6) 
S^cat), ft. and pi. -a, m. (of a 


( 198 ) 


whip), sfveA'OAT) 0115 Ar (to a child) 
means a whipping to you, also 
té\Af, -eif, -a, m.; (7) with the 
open hand, (a) bAf, -Aire, -a, /.; 

(b) bAróg, -ói^e, -a, /.; (c) 
ctAriiuA, g. id., -AÍ, m.. ; rnAfÁn, 
-Ám, m.; (8) le-diYooj, -oi^e, -a ; 
(9) teAnnj; : btiAit re teAnnj; aj\ 
An mbónx) ; (10) a heavy blow, 
(a) jtiAinc, -e, -eACAi f.; (b) 
pteAimc, -einnc, m.; (c) ptAnnc, 
-Ainnc, m.; (d) pAitc, -e, -caca, 
/.; (e) rniAitc, -e, pi. -eAntiA 
and -eACA, /.; (11) with the fist, 
t)onn, g. "Dintm , pi. id. m:; (12) 
(a) dull, heavy, ptArob, -e. -i, /. 
(Con.) ; (b) teA'ób, -a. pL id., m.; 
(13) with a hurley, (a) poc (boc), 
Í/. pine, pi. id. m.; cútboc, m., 
a blow struck in hurling after 
scoring a gaol; (b) tAitm, -e, 
-eACA, /. (14) from a cow's horn, 
(a) Á'ótriós, -ói^e, -a, /. ; (b) 
jAubA, g. ii?., pi. -Ai, m.; (15) 
with a stick, (a) cnwUeÁn, -Ám 
(Don.) ; (fr) criAg, -A15, -.0, m.; 

(c) C11A5Ó5, -ói^e, -a, /.; (d) 
firiAg, -A15, -a, m. (Or.) ; (16) 
big flattening blow, teA*oó5 nó 
tei*oeó5, -óige, -a, /. (Con.) ; (17) 
on the cheek, ^Aitteó^, /.; (18) 
on the ear, •on'oog, /.; (19) on 
the head, (á) ^nu^Am, -Aim, 
-mAi, m. (Don.) ; (b) cnA^Án, 
-Ám, m. ; ruoic, -e, -Í, /. 

Blow, v.i., to flower, to blossom, 

btÁttngim, -ugAt). 
Blow, v.i., (1) to produce a current 

of air, (a) réroim, -x>eAX) 

(2) To sound, as a horn or 
trumpet, (a) réroim, -"oeA-c ; (b) 
btofSAim, -a*o. 

(3) To be blown out or in- 
flated, bot5Aim, -Ai). 

(4) To breathe hard, to pant 
or puff, feAfnAim, -At>. also 
reArmnjim, -n$A*o. 

(5) To be carried or moved 
by the wind, riAbAim, -At), 
f iobAim, -At) (U.) : being blown 
by the wind, A5 r lobA^ le 5A01C. 

(6) To blow the nose, rmusAim, 


Blow, v.i., (1) to force a current 
of air upon or through, -péroim, 
--oeAt) : lb. the fire, réroim An 
ceme ; he blew the trumpet, 
*oo f éi*o ré An fcoc. 

(2) To drive by a current of 
air, reromi, -veAtt : it is a bad 
wind that blows nobody good, 
if otc An jjaoc 11 Á r éroeAnn rnAit 
T)o t)ume 615m. 

(3) To inflate, (a) bot^Aim, -a'O 
blow out the bladder, botg a 
c-éAT)C|vomAn ; (&)reAnnAim, -ax> 

(4) Blow out or extinguish, 
rrmcAim, -At) : b. out the candle, 
múc An comneAt. 

Blower, n., one who or that which 
blows, (1) réroine, g. id.., pi. -ni, 
m.; (2) bot^Aine, g. id., pi. -jn,m* 

Blowing, n., act of, in the various 
senses of the verb to blow, (1) 
réi'oeA'ó, -T)te, m.; (2) réi"oeÁit, 
-áLa, /.; (3) réroeÁn, -Ám, m.; 

(4) like a whale, r eAtygAit, -e, /.; 
zá av\ míoL món A5 réATrgAit ; 

(5) bot^AineAóc, -a, /.; (6) 
fAotAj\, -Ain, m. : he is b. after 
the run, cá ré An rAotAn 1 n-oiAfó 
An x^QAtA ; (7) feAnnAt), -ntA, 
m.; (8) -pAnnA'ú, -ntA, m. (tn. t).); 
(9) rcotXA, -tcA, m. (Con.) ; (10) 
nnpAt), -ptA, ?>i. (TD. t).) ; (11) 
pAbAt), -X)tA, m.; (12) fiobAt) 
-btA, m. (U".); (13) ^gr.. ^AbÁit, 
-áIa, /. : trumpets blowing, 5AU- 
cnompA A5 jAbÁit (MacD.) ', 
Michael will blow a trumpet- 
blast, -péTO-pi'ó TTIíceÁt btntte 

Blowing one's own or any 
trumpet, -pcocAineAcc, -a, /. 




( 199 ) 


Blowing, a., windy, (1) féroeÁtiAc, 

-Aije ; (2) sAocrhAf, -Aifve ; (3) 

Saoccaíac, -Ai£e (TTI. t).) ; (4) 

f^ÁlAc, -Aije (sÁtAó with pro- 

thetic s.), (Con.). 
Blown, a., inflated, distended, 

f éroce. 
Blowpipe, n., a tube for directing 

the flame of a candle, etc., on 

some object so as to concentrate 

the heat, féroeÁn, -Am, m. 
Blowy, a., windy, (1) saocac, -Aije; 

(2) 5AoctfiAf\, -Aif\e. 
Blubber, n., the fat of whales, otA 

tfúL rhóf\ (the fat of a whale). 
Blubber - cheeked, a., having 

swollen or big cheeks, ptucAc, 

Blubbering, v.i., crying noisily so 

as to disfigure the face, ptubjAit, 

-e, f. 
Blubber-lipped, a., having big or 

swollen lips, (1) pufAc, -Aije ; 

(2) bf\eAttAc, -Aije ; (3) béAtAc, 

Blubber-lipped man, n., (1) bfveAt- 

LÁn, -Am, m.; (2) btobAif\e, g. 

id., pi. -ftí, m.; also ptobAi^e, m. 

Blubber-lipped woman, ctAbój;, 

Bludgeon, w., a short stick with 

one end thick or loaded, (1) 

cLéicAiLpín, g. id., pi. -ni, m. ; 

(2) cuAitte, gen. id., pi. -itf and 

-eACA. /.; tofvg, g., tuiftg, pL id., 

m.; also #., Unfile, /. (tTht tiA 

• Blue, ??., one of the seven prismatic 

colours, 50j\m, g. 5111^111, m. 
Blue, a., (1) in colour, ^Ofim, g. s. f. 


(2) Melancholy : he has a fit 

of the blues, cá sfuiAim aij\. 
Blue, v.t., to make blue, gofmiAitn, 

-At), also 50}\mui5im, -ugAt). 

Bluebag, n., a bag in which blue 
is kept for laundry purposes, 
mÁrUn an ginjvm. 

Bluebell, n. (Bot.), a plant (campa- 
nula rotundifolia), (1) rnéAf\AcÁn 
púcA, m.; (2) coirmte cofifA. 

Bluebonnet. See Bluecap. 

Bluebottle, n. (Bot.), a plant, (1) 
(centaurea cyanus), (a) sofimÁri, 
Ám, m.; (b) Uif sojwiaw ; (c) 
5oi^mín, m.; (2) (camranula), 
CUjVdC ua cuAice. 

Bluecap, Bluebonnet, Bluepoll, n. 
(Zool.), a species of blue tit- 
mouse (parus coeruleus), called 
" Judy Bluehead " in Mayo, 
cAipín "oub, m. 

Blue-eyed, a., sojwifúileAc, -Uje. 

Blue-mouldy for want of a fight, 

CÁ CATinCA|\ LlAC A1f\ 1 n-eAfbA1T) 
CfOTiA ; CÁ CAtltlCAfV UAC AjA a 

cnÁtfiAib 1 troíogbÁiLbuAiLce (Tyr) 
ca porm c^oT)A aij\ ; cá cteAtfi 
gofun oj\ca ; cá ctnrmceAc A1|\ 

Blueness, n., the quality of being 

blue, 5t«i|\me, g. id. f. 
Bluff, n., a steep bank, a high bold 

shore , -pAitt, g. -e, /.; also aiix. 
Bluff, a., big, burly, rnófi, -óij\e ; 

|\AtriA|\, -Ain'i|\e ; botlf^Ai^eAó, 

Bluish, a., somewhat blue, o'OAfx- 
jojun, -guifune. 

Bluishness, n., the quality of being 
somewhat blue, stn^meAcc, -a, /. 

Bluestone, n., sulphate of copper, 
ctoc gofun, /. 

Blunder, n., a gross error or mis- 
take, (1) cuAicpUf, -e, /.; (2) 
meAfibAt, -bAit, m.; (3) btirroún, 
-úin, m.; (4) bocún, -úm, m.; 
(5) cuAtAt, -Ait, m.; (6) cApóg, /. 

Blunder, v.i., to make a gross error 
or mistake, meAjAtujirn, -ugAt) ; 
"oéAnAm ciiAiptif (meA-pt)At, -jc). 


( 200 ) 


Blunderer, n., one who is apt to 
blunder, (1) cuAtAUÁn, -Áin, in.; 
(2) bj\eAtLÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) bfieAU,- 
Ai\\e, g. id., pi. -fti, m. ; bfieAit- 
fúT), -urn, m. 

Blundering, a., inclined to blunder, 
(1) ctiAtAttAC, -Aige ; (2) boc- 
x\v\jza, ind.; (3) bútvoúnAc, -Aije ; 
(4) tniofctiAtriAC, -Aige. 

Blunderingly, ad., in a blundering 
manner, k'jv cuAtAt. 

Blunt, a., (1) having a thick edge 
or point, not sharp, (a) itiaoL, 
-oile : if the iron be b., rnÁ 
bíonn An c-iAfArm rriAoL (Eccles. 
10, 10) ; (b) mAoUp-AobfVAc, -Ait;e ; 
(c) tteAtfifAobfiAc, -Arge. 

(2) Dull of understanding, 
stupid, mAotAigeAncAc, -Aije, 
rieirhincLeAccAC, -Atge. 

(3) Wanting in the forms of 
civility, rough in manners or 
speech, (a) SAjvb, -Aif\£>e ; (b) 
abrupt, obAnn, -Airme (cobArm, 
Con.) ; (c) unceremonious, cu^, 
-uife, to ask you bluntly, a 
fiAFtmrge *óíoc 50 cuj\. 

Blunt, v.t., to dull the edge or 
point of, mAottnjim, -u^ao ; 
tnAotAiin, -a'ó. 

Blunting, v.n., the act of making 
blunt, (1) mAoUvo, -1xa, m.; (2) 
mAotugA'ó, -tngte, m. 

Bluntness, n., the quality of being 
blunt, (1) mAoite(Acc), /.; (2) 
5Ai|\be, g. id. /.; (3) jAjAbAcc, 
-a, /. 

Blunt- witted, a., dull, stupid, tnAot- 
AigeAncA, ind. 

Blur, v.t, (1) to obscure by smear- 
ing, ftneA|AAitn, -a*ó. 

(2) to make indistinct and 
confused, bÁitim, -ÁtAx>. 

(3) To dim, to darken, "oubAim, 


Blur, n., a stain or blot, bAtx-p^oro, 
-e, -i, /. (gl. L. litura). 

Blush, v.i., to become red in the 
cheeks from shame, modesty or 
confusion, (1) T>eAf5Aim, -at> ; 
(2) tAfAun, -ax): that never 
blushed for shame, tiÁj\ t^p 
AjMAtri te nÁifie. 

Blush, n., redness in the cheeks 
caused by shame, modesty or 
confusion, (1) Unftie, g. id., pi. 
-aca, /.; (2) cÁijvóeAf\5. -eif\5e, 
/. (Con.). 

Blushful, a., full of blushes, (1) tAf- 
niA-p, -Aif\e ; (2) "oeA^, -eij^e; (3) 
ca fí tAfCA, *óeA|A5 (Don.). 

Blushing, n., the act of burning 
red in the cheeks, (1) tAfAt), 
-ft a, m.; (2) "oeA^At), -jca, m. 

Blushingly, ad., with a blush or 
blushes, 50 nÁifveAó. 

Blushless, a., free from blushes, 
neAtfmÁifeAc, -fu^e. 

Bluster, v.i., to talk with noisy 
violence, bornAtiAitn, -atd. 

Bluster, n., noisy and violent talk, 
bomAUAcc, -a, /. 

Blusterer, n., a noisy swaggerer, 

(1) botriAriAc, -A15, -Ai£e, m.; 

(2) b|\AtnAi|\e, g. id., pi. -j\i, m. 
Blustering, a., stormy, tumultuous, 

bombastic, (1) sAotriiAft, -Aif\e ; 
(2)5AotrhA|\Ac,-Ai5e ; (3)ofó5AC, 

Boar, n. (Zool.), the uncastrated 
male swine, (1) domestic, coUac, 
-A15, m.; (2) wild, (a) coj\c, g. 
cui|\c, pi. id. m.; (b) -piA'ócoLtAC- 
A sow desiring the boar is said 
to be pÁ tAit (tAit, -e, /.) ; also 
pÁ cut, Dr. McHale's MS. 

Board, n., (1) a piece of timber; 
sawed thin (when sawed thick; 
it is called a plank), also a table, 

(a) ctÁ|\, -Á1|A, mi, dim. clÁifínj 
(cf. W. llawr; O.W. llaur) :j 

(b) bójvo, g. búijvo, pi. id. m, 
(cf. W. bwrdd) ; (c) small anc i 


( 201 ) 


thin, (i) ctÁifín, g. id., pi. -ni, 
m.; (ii) fUfeóg, -óige, -a, /. 

(2) A square or oblong piece 
of wood or other material for 
a special purpose, cLÁf, fol- 
lowed by the gen. of the word 
indicating the purpose, as back- 
gammon board, ctÁf cÁiptíf e. 

(3) A table at which a council 
or other deliberative body meet, 
as the Board of Green Cloth, 
aw bófvo (tnóf) tiAitne. 

(4) For stepping into or out 
of a boat, feAf , -a, pi. id. m. 

(5) Meals, bójvo, g. búifo, m. ; 
b. and lodgings, oójvo -\ leAbA 

Board, v.t., (1) to cover with boards, 
ctÁftnjim, -ujAt). 

(2) To supply with daily meals, 
CAbfAitn (beij\im) bóft) x>o (c/. 
bóf-oAC, keeping a liberal table). 

(3) To place at board, cuifitn 
Af bófo ; to place on board 
(ship), ctnfum aj\ bó|\T). 

(4) To enter as a train or a 
boat, cévóim a\\ bófo cfAen nó 

Board, v.i., to obtain meals, cÁnu 

Af bófo. 
Boarded or made of boards, ctÁf ac, 

Boarding-house, n., a house where 

food and lodgings are obtained 

for pay, ceACófCAróeACCA, m. 
I i";irding-school, n., a school where 

pupils are taught and lodged, 

(l)f5oiL-t>úifvo ; (2) f 501I óf uavó- 

eAtzA, f. (U.). 
Board-school, n., a school under 

the Board of Education, fjoil 

All OlHfT). 

Boast, v.i., to brag about one's 
self or one's own belongings, (1) 
to brag of what one has done for 
Othérsj mAoróim, -"óeArh : boast- 

ing of himself, a^ T)éAttAiii 
rnAorót)ce Af fém (c/. 1 Kings 
20, 11) ; b. not of to-morrow, ua 
niAoró tu pern Af An IÁ AmÁf AC 
(Prov. 27, 1) ; (2) "oéAnAHn rnóf- 
•óÁit : that I may b. of myself a 
little, 50 nx)éAnfAinnfe beA^Án 
mófVOÁtA AfAm fém (c/. 2 Cor. 
11, 16) ; (3) comAoróim, -*óeAm 
(to boast in company) ; (4) brag 
ostentatiously, u aiU rhAorónu , 
-■oeArh; (5) slóftiiAorórm , -'óeAtri; 
(6) focAttnjim, -ujAt), also fox)- 
AUu$im ; (7) bomAnAnn, -At> ; 
(8) "oéAnAim uaiU, : lest any man 
should boast, "o'eA^tA 50 nt)éAn- 
fA"ó Aon tnnne nAitt Af pém 
(Eph. 2, 9) ; (9) otAo-óAim, -t>AC. 

Boast, n., the act of vaunting 
or bragging, (a) rnAoroeArii, -*oce, 
(b) mtifCAf j -A1|\, m.; (c) lA"oúf, 
-úif, m.; (d) Aróbéit, -e, /. 
(G. D.) : they that make boast 
of themselves, An "OfeAm *oo §ni 
ÁvóÚéxi Af ca f ém (c/. Ps. 49, 6). 

Boastable, a., fit to be boasted 
about, lonrhAoroce, ind. 

Boaster, n., a braggart, (1) rnAoró- 
eAT>óif, -óf a, -fi, m.; (2) bom- 
auac, -A15, -Aige, m.; (3) btorn- 
Aife, g. id., pi. -fi, m.; (4) 
bottf5Aife, m.; (5) btofgAtpe, 
m.; (6) botfAife, m.; (7) 5U05- 
Aife, m.; (8) slu^Aife, m.; (9) 
feAf 5Uo5Aif ; (10) r^AocAife ; 
(11) btAtmiAife, g. id., pi. -fi, 
m.; (12) buAitmif5iAC, ind. 
(buAitnn, I strike, and f^iAt, 
shield), a loud-voiced braggart 
(M. and Coji.). 

Boastful, a., given to boasting, (1) 
TNAoróceAc, -tige ; (2) bl<vo- 
mAnAc, -Ai§e ; (3) uaIIac, -Aije ; 
(4) very boastful, mófUAUAC, 
-Aige ; (5) fpLeÁ"óAó, -Aije (Or.); 
((i) Áit)V)éiteAc, -ti£e (G. D.). 


( 202 ) 


He is very boastful, cA cuj\ 
aitiac mó|\ Ann ; acA f é corn tAn 
*oe 5-Aoit ir cA ub "oe biAt). 
Boasting, v.n., act of glorying or 
vaunting, (1) mAoroeAtn, -"óce, 
m.; (2) mAororneACAr, -Air*, m., 
also mAoi'ópeACAr (c/. 2 Cor. 
11, 10) ; (3) mAoroeAcuAiL, -AtA, 
/. : he was b. about it, x>o bí f é 
A5 niAoi'úeAccAiL Af ; (4) bomAn- 
acc, -a, /.; (5) mójvoAn, Aía, /. : 
where is the b., cAic (cA Aic) a 
bpuri An rhójvoAiL (Rom. 3, 27) ; 
(6) fpteÁ'ó, -4, m., also fpLeA"o- 
AóAf, -Air, m.; (7) btAt)mAnn, 
-Ainn, m.; (8) rteApAt), -ptA, m.; 

(9) btAo'óAct, -a, /.; (10) botl,- 
fgAfvA'ó, -rvtA, m.; (11) f5lón"OAf\, 
-Air\, m.; (12) boasting con- 
stantly, 5tio5AirveAóc, -a, /., also 
5tA5AirveAóc ; (13) r-ocAt, -ail, 
m.; (14) mófvCAf, -Air, m.; (15) 

f5AOCA1f\eACC, -A, f. 

Boasting, a., given to or lending 
to boast, (1) mAoroueAc, -urge ; 
(2) bomAtiAc, -Aije ; (3) mór\- 
>óAIac, -Atge ; (4)fpteA > óAc, -Aije; 
(5) bUvómAnnAó, -Aij;e ; (6) 51105- 
Af\Aó ; (7) f ocAtAó ; (8) f5Aot- 
AirveAc, -rvige ; (9) blof5Ac, -Aige; 

(10) mórv-JtórxAc, -Aige ; (11) 
lAT>úf aó, -Aige ; (12) mtif ca|\ac, 
-Aige (13) tnórxCAfAc, -Aige ; (14) 
A5 T>é<\nArn mórvUAif . 

Boat, ft., a small vessel propelled 
by oars or sail, bÁT>, -Aro, m., 
but in Irish always spoken of 
as fi. There are various kinds 
of boats such as coracle, corvfvAó ; 
canoe, coice, CfiAnnfnArhA nó 

Boat-builder, ft., one who makes 
boats, fAor\ bAro, m. 

Boat-hook, ft., a long pole with 
a pointed hook for pushing or 
pulling a boat, etc., (1) 5eAT)A, 
g. id., pi. 5eAt)A*óA, m.; (2) 5eAp, 

-a, -Ann a, m.; (3) crvorrróubÁn, 
-Am, m. 

Boating, ft., the amusement of 
rowing or sailing, bAT)óifieAcc, 
-a, /. 

Boat-load, ft., as much as a boat 
can carry, (1) LApuA, g. id., pi. 
-Aí, m. (U.) ; (2) of fish, Luce 
éif5 (Mayo), cAfvn éip5 (M.) 

Boatman, ft., (1) one who lets 
boats on hire, peAj\ bAro ; (2) 
rower of a boat, bA > oóir\, -ó|\a, 
-fví, m.; coicvóe, g. id., pi. t>te, 

Boatslip, ft., -pAnAn, -Am, m. 

Boatswain, ft., tomsr eAc, -v\%, -f i$e, 

Bobbin, n., a spool or reel used in 
looms or in sewing, spinning or 
warping machines, (1) piceAn 
(iceAn), g. and pi. -Am, m.; (2) 
iceAcAn g. and pi. -Am, m.; both 
words are from eice, a feather 
or quill, hence it is called the 
weaver's quill ; (3) f pót, -oil, 
m.; (4) f prveóit, -otA, -Lua, /.; (5) 
•ouAiUn g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Bobtail, ft., an animal with a 
short tail, (1) fpuc, -tuc, m.; (2) 
beArv|\AptmcAn, -Am, m. 

Bobtailed, a., short-tailed, cuuac, 
-Aige (c/. Sc. " cutty ") ; seApfv- 
eAfvbAttAc, -Aige. 

Bode, v.t., to portend, to presage, 
pAifcmim, -eAt) ; cuAifmim, 

Bodement, ft., an omen, cuAfv, -Aifv, 
m.; -pAifcme, g. id., pi. id. and 
-ni, /. 

Bodice, ft., a close-fitting upper 
part of a woman's dress, (1) 
cAbAit, -e, /. ; also stays ; (2) 
corncurívoAó, from com the waist, 
curiroAó, covering, m.; (3) cliAb- 
ceAn^At ; (4) bAf ua, g. id. m. 

Bodied, a., having a body, cotnAc, 


( 208 ) 


Bodiless, a., having no body, tm'o- 

cotnAc, -Aije. 
Bodily, a,, of or pertaining to the 

body, (1) cofvpotvóA ; (2) cofipo|\- 

a1xa ; (3) coin Ait) e, ind. 

Boding, n. See Bodement. 

Sodkin, n., (1) an instrument of 
steel, bone or ivory for making 
holes, biof\, gen. bin and beAfVA, 
pi. beAjvd, m. (2) A kind of pin, 
bio-|tÁti,0. andpZ.-Ám,m.;(3)bit\ín, 
gen. id. ,pl. -ni, m.; (4) t> eAtj;, gen. 
•oeitge, pi. -a and -oeit^ne, /., 
also m. (Coneys); *oeAt5Án, -Ám, 
m. (a knitting needle, Don.); 
with precious stones, u &-góeAls, 
f.; bfAcnAfj;, m.; cAfAif\, -rnAC, 

-f|\ACA, /. 

tody, n., (1) the physical person, 
(a) como, g- and pi. cuif\p, m. 
(cf. L. corpus ; W. Bret, and Corn, 
corf.), dim. co^pÁn : he jumped 
out of his body, *oo téim re Ay 
a como ; (b) cotAn, g. -tnA, 
pi. id. dat. -tAmn : a sword in 
the bodies of the heretics, tAnn 
1 scoUiAib tiA n-ei|\iceAc ; (c) 
peAf\fA, -n, -nA, dat. -m, /. : uac 

ttpuit 1 !ÁtA1|\ 1 bpeAnfAW ACC 

ACÁ 1 iÁtAif\ 1 -ppio|\Aro (1 Cor. 
5, 3). 

(2) The trunk or main part, 
(a) com, g. cmm, pi. id. m.; (b) 
com I ac, -ai$, m. (Con.) ; (c) 
rompA|\, -Aif, m.; (d) cAbAit, 
-e, and dIac, /. 

(3) The substance as opposed 
to the shadow, comp, g. cuijip, 
Wl. : tiac bprnt acc nA r^Aite "oo 
riA neitib acá te ceAcc, acc if 
te Cj\iorc An coj\p. 

(4) Idiom, c|\é, g. id. and 
-tMAt) : weary my eye, withered 
my body, cuinreAc mo fors, 
cpionn mo óf\é. 

(5) Corporation or society, 
buróeAn, g. and pi. -t>ne, dat. 
-x)in ; curoeAcuA, g. and pi. id. ; 
also g. -cAn, dat.> -cAin, /. 

(6) Amount, quantity or ex- 
tent, méro, -e, m. ; coinc, -e, /. 

(7) The part of a garment 
covering the body as distin- 
guished from the part covering 
the limbs, the body of a vehicle, 
CAbAit, -e and btAc, /. 

Bog, n., a marsh or morass where 
turf for fuel is cut, (1) móm, 
gen. -ónA, pi. -ce, /. (cf. W. 
mawn, peat, turf ; and mign, 
migen a bog), mom is also 
applied to the turf when dry, 
as póT> mónA, cnuAó mótiA, a 
sod, a rick of turf ; praise the 
b. but avoid it, disparage the 
wood but frequent it [advice of 
the Penal Days], mot An morn 
if reACAm í, cÁm An coitt ir 
CAIC15 1; a small b., mómín, 
also a dancing-green; (2) poncAc, 
-A15, pi. Ai§e (Don.) -ACA, (M.), 
m. : it is easy for the man who 
lives in the b. to have a good 
fire, if punAf *oo'n cé acá 1 nA 
cómnuróe 'jm bponcAc ceme 
mAit "oo beit Aij;e; the bank 
or cutting from which the turf 
is dug is called pojtc, g. puif\c, 
pi. id, m., as turf bank, poju; 
mónA (M.) ; (3) com^AC, -A15, 
-Aige, ra.; it is distinguished 
from morn and po|\CAc by being 
drier (cf. the Curragh of Kildare); 
the b. is soft now, cA An co|\|\aó 
bog Anoir (Tyr.) ; (4) Dacca, g. 
id., pi. -aí, m. (Con. and Den.) ; 
(5) cAOjvÁn, -Áw, m. (Don.) ; (6) 
a deep, impassable, shaking bog, 
cj\i At |aac, -A15, m. ; (7) a sedgy 
bog, éAr-5A, g. id., pi. -aí, /.; (8) 
bo?;<\c, -A15, -Arte, characterised 


( 204 ) 


by quagmires and dangerous 
swamps ; (9) cut-away bog, 
edndc, -dig, m. 

Bog-awl, n., a bitter weed which 
grows in bogs, nuroec-5, -ói^e, 
-054, /. 

Bog-bean. n. (Bot.), marsh trefoil 
(menyanthes trifoliata), (1) bedj\- 
nÁn LácÁw ; (2) bdódndn, pdedfVdn 
-Ám, m,; (3) póndi-pe cdpditt, 
also called buck-bean. 

Bogberry, n. (Bot.), the small cran- 
berry (vaccinium oxy coccus), 
(1) mond-odn, -Ám, m. (M.) ; (2) 
rnónój;, ./., nó rnóinec-5, /.; (3) 
móndndn, m. (M.) ; (4) muitx- 
ec-5, -óige, -a, /.; (5) pldmrec-5, 
/. (Don.). 

Bog-black, n., a dyestuff obtained 
from bogholes, "oub ptntt. 

Bog-cotton, n. (Bot.), a plant of 
the eriophorum genus, (1) cedn- 
dbdn ; (2) cedndbdn bdn ; (3) mónd, m.; (4) fío*od 
rnónd, m..; (5) f 50^05 pid-ódw, f. 

Bog-deal, n., the remains of pine 
trees found embedded in bogs, 
5iúf, g. -úire, /., also -uir, m. 
This is the correct spelling, not 
puiridf and 5iurhdir. See Wi.; 
Ir. Gl. 563, and T. B. F. 140). 

Bog-land (after tilling), n., rnoin- 
ceÁn -din, m. 

Boggle v.t., to embarrass with 
difficulties, budrójnm, -f edt) ; 
med-fvtiigirn, -tijAii). 

Boggier, n., one who boggles, 
dinT>evfeóin, -ónd, -fih ni, 

Boggy, a., soft swampy, bog, 
comp binge, from which the 
English word Bog is derived. 

Bog-lark, nl (anthus pratensis), 
(1) f pS$& /.; (2) i:mreói5ín 
\kua*ó via rnond. 

Bog-mint, n. (Bot.), water-mint 
mentha aquatica), mif mín ^eAivg. 

Bog-mire, juiroe, g. id. m. 

Bog-moss, n. (Bot.), sphagnum, (1) 
mc-mcedc Vidt, (2) ponntdoc 
{white), (3) cowne.dc "oedns (red), 
(4) cdondc is applied to all kinds 
of moss. 

Bog-myrtle, n. (Bot.), sweet gale 

(myrica gale), noitteóg, /.; jwo, 

, -e, /. f uraeós, -ó^e, -a, f. 

.(nuroeósdc, Don.). [It is not 

lucky to beat cattle with it.] 

Bog-oak, n., trunks of oak trees 
found embedded in bogs, t>úi- 
dmÁn, g and pi. -Am, m. = *oub- 
tdmÁn, m. 

Bog-reed, n. (Bot. , the common 
reed (phragmites communis), 
feifs, gen. -e, /. 

Bog-rush, n. (Bot.), black-headed 
club-rush (scirpus ccespitosus), 
reirhín, -ne, -ni, /. 

Bog-stuff, n., rntnrín, m.; múifíti, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m. (Tip.). 

Bogtrotter, n., one who lives in a 
boggy country, (1) rsomnre, g. 
id., pi. -ri, m.; (2) ceicedjuidc 

Boil, v.i., (1) to boil like water, (a) 
bei|vbim (beifbigim), -lujdt) (M. 
and Or.) ; (b) -pmcdim, -dt> (M.) ; 
(c) bfuncirn, v.n. b|unt, pp. 
bfuncce (17,) ; (d) bnuitrnjnri; 
-ni^dt) (c/. Eng. brew, broth, 
barm, beer; Gr. fipvrov, beer 
L. ferveo, I boil, V Bhéru, Bhrú 
to bubble, to boil;, cf. Bret 
berui, to boil) ; (e) ^tntim, v.n 
guit and guile : the joint po 
does not boil, cá juHednn coi™ 
dn corhdijA ( U.), 

(2) To be agitated like boiliiii 
water, -p-iucdim, -dt) : "og tieijt r{ 
df dn ^digédn piucd'ó t>o néi|\ nói 
dn pocd (Job 41, 22, A. V, 31). 

(3) To be moved or excite 
with passion, bnuitnit;irn, -lujdi 


( 205 ) 


(4) To be in boiling water : 
the potatoes boil or are boiling, 
CÁ nA pflÁCAÍ A V> puc-At) (M.). 
Boil, v.t., (1) to heat to boiling 
point. See Boil, v.i. (a) and (c). 
I am boiling the water, AcÁitn 
A5 beijvbnrgAT) nó &§ bfitnc An 

(2) To subject to the action 
of heat in boiling water, as I am 
boiling the clothes, the meat, the 
potatoes, ACÁmi aj; bjunt nó as 
beif\biu5A > ó ha n-éA*oAó ha -peotA, 
nA bpfiÁuAÍ [pj\Á€Aí (MO, 
pjiéAUAí ('!/.)> f^c^í (Con.)] ; *oo 
b|\uit lAcob b^ocAn {Gen. 25, 

Boil, n., a hard, painful, inflamed 
tumour, (1) ne-Afgóro, -e, pi. 
-\ and -eACA, /.; full of boils, 
ne-Af 501*0 eAc, -xnge ; let them 
take a lump of figs and lay it 
for a plaster upon the boil and 
he shall recover, 5iACAit)ír rneAtt 
pgeAt) 1 teA^A-roif rnAf\ ceijun 
aj\ An neAf^óro é: A^tif rriAifvpro 
-pé (Isa. 38, 21); (2) butrsóiT) 
and botsóro, -e, -eACA, /. (1TI. t>.) ; 
(3) |\AfAoiT), -e, -eACA, /. (4) 
50 p, g. 5uij\, pZ. ^« m -> dim. 
5uij\in ; the core of a boil or 
abscess, rnÁtAifi ju jv ; (5) boil 
in the throat, fgeit Am^cif , -e, 
/. (Con.). 

Boilable, a., capable of being 
boiled -pobfvuitce ; fit to be 
boiled, lonb^tiitce. 

Boiled, a., subjected to the action 
of boiling, beijxbte ; ir aic An 

. ^aojaL é, mA|\ "oubAifu; av\ cac 
teif An mbAmne mbei^bte ; 
bf\uitce ; -puccA. 

Boiler, n., (1) the vessel in which 
a thing is boiled, coi^e, gen. id., 
pi. -i, m. 

(2) The person who boils, 
bjunteA-ooifv, -ójaa, -jaí, m 

Boiling n , heating to the point 
of boiling, (1) bei|\bni5A*o,-bi5te, 
m.; (2) pmcAt), -oca. m. : beauty 
does not make the pot boil, ni 
ctnj\eAnn fjéirh An cofvcÁn A5 
pucA'O ; (3) -pníójAit, -e, /.; (4) 
PinvicAT) (S. Cork) ; (5) bjunt, 
-tee, m. : *oo beAt) pocA pfvéACAí 
nigce, bjuntxe -| icce A5 tltcAc av\ 
fAro a beAt) ÍTIútnneAc A5 jvát> 
" CofvcÁn pj\Á€Aí "; (6) bfiuic- 
neAT), -tmce, m.; (7) 5111L, -e, 
/. : sleepy (slow) boiling for 
flummery, but porridge (or gruel) 
can be noisy, fUAngtnl t>o 
cÁtbf\tnt '■-] ceAt) jvApUng x>on 
b|\AóÁn (U. prov.). 

Boiling, a., heated to the point of 
bubbling, (1) gAtAc, -Aij;e : a 
child cannot put his hand in 
b. water and bring it out safe, 
cÁ t>cit; te pÁirce a LÁrh a cuj\ 
1 n-utpse jaLac 7 a tAbAif\c 
AmAc flÁn (Don.) ; (2) goile : 
the cock rose out of the b. 
water and said : the Son of the 
Virgin is safe, "o'eifvig An coiteAc 
Af An tnf^e ^oite 1 T>ubAinc : 
cá TTIac nA bÓij;e flÁn. 

Boisterous, a., (1) stormy, (a) 
f coi|\meAó, -rrnje ; (b) ÁfVogAot- 
rhA-|\ ; (c) 5Aotn'iA|t, -rhAij\e (d) 
-piA'OAW, -e. 

. (2) Rough, turbulent, noisy, 
(a) 'SApX), -Ai|\be ; (b) 5Aj\buAiceAc, 
-cige ; (c) ÁtvogiófVAc, -Aige. 

Boisterousness, n., the state or 
quality of being boisterous, (1) 
fcoijWieACc, /.; (2) Án*05tó^Acu, 
-a, /. 

Bold, a., (1) in a good sense, (a) 
forward to meet danger, des- 
pising danger, daring, (i) t>ávía, 
ind. : *oÁnA AriiAit LeórhAn (Prov. 
28, 1) ; the river Danube is said 
to take its name from this word ; 
(ii) uffvÁncA, ind.; (hi) T)éAT)lA ; 


( 206 ) 


(b) resolute, (i) teAnn, -emne : if 
ceAnn m&xy&T) ai^ a tÁif\feAc 
pém (D. jE 1 . 144) ; fAoitxeAj\ tné 
beit ceArm (2 Cor. 10, 2) ; (ii) 
f cofif\ArhAiL, -riitA ; (iii) poitu:- 
eAtriAit, -rhlA ; (iv) réAgúA, md.; 
(v) bAitc, -e ; (c) fearless, (i) 
ne^rheAgtAc, -A^ige ; (ii) beAg- 
eA^tAc ; (d) courageous, spirited, 
(i) meifneAtfiAiL, -riitA ; (ii) 
-ppj\eA5AtfiAiL, -rhtA ; (e) im- 
petuous, (i) tvÁbAC, -Aige ; (ii) 
Lonn, g. s. f. tumne ; (iii) 
tonnAc, -Aige. 

(2) In a bad sense, (a) over- 
confident, (i) "oAriA : t>átia Ap 
*óuine, familiar with ; ceArm- 
'oAtiA (headstrong) ; (ii) T>Áf ac, 
and •OAfA.ccAc (iii.) CfAor-uA, ind. 
-Ai$e (violent) ; (b) impudent, 
(i) -QAtbA, ind., T>otbA (U.), 
•oAtbAróe (Con.), also "OAtbA-róe ; 
(ii) -ponrnjA, ind.; (iii) pobAtuA, 
ind. (Don.); (iv) tAt)AtwAC, -Ai$e ; 

(c) taking undue liberties, for- 
ward, (Í) UJ'OAfVÁfAC, -Ai§e, nó 
tig'OAf Áf AttiAit, -rhtA ; (ii) ctnott- 
A*óAf ac, -Ai§e ; (d) lacking in 
proper modesty or restraint, (i) 
tuíonÁif\eAc, -tuge; (e) rude, (i) 
bofib, g. s. f. btnjvbe; (ii) buorrmtv 

f\AT)Af AC, -Ai$e. 

A bold, dogged person, (a) 
mAifcin, m. (Con. and M.), 
from mAifcin, a mastiff ; (b) 
f cúitwóe, m. (Don.), also rtúnAró; 
(c) f co'OAife ; (d) p cmr Aróe, m. 
or /., esp. a bold hard-faced 
Boldness, n., (1) in a good sense, 
(a) 'oÁnAóc, -a, /., also •oAtiAró- 
eAóc and > oÁr»A > oAf , -.Air , m.; (b) 
ceAwvoÁnAcc, -a /., (stubborness) 
(c) "oAfAoc, -a, /.; (ci) ceAnnArh- 
tACC, -a, /. 

(2) In a bad sense, (a) noVoAtz, 
-a, /.; (b) bmpbe, g. id., f. : 

beauty often covers boldness, 
biorm buipbe ^aoi r-géirh ; (c) 
bfoiméif, -e, /.; (d) involving 
impudence, (i) tA > OAf\nACc, -a, 
/.; (ii) tAT)A|\riAf, -Aif, m. 

Boletus (brown), n., a genus of 
fungi, (1) bonÁn cApAilx ; (2) 
botiAiT) ah tof5Ainn. 

Boll, n., the pod or capsule of a 
plant, botj;, 9- bulls, pi. id. m. : 
X)o bí An eónnA 1 rroéif A^tif An 
tíon 1 rnbol£Aib (Ex. 9, 31). 

Bolster, n , a support for the head 
when lying in bed, (1) a-dai^u, 
-e pi. -i and -caca, /. (cf. 1 Sam. 
26, 7) ; (2) ceAtinA'OAifc, /. 
(1 Sam. 26, 11 and 12) ; (3) 
piLiúf\ LeAptA (M.), pitéA|\ 
teAptA (Or.) ; (4) ceAfiCAitt, -e, 
pi. -ctA, /. (cf. cervical) : „ a 
stone is a good pillow (ironically), 
if rriAit An ceA|\cAitt ctoc. [This 
remark also applies to ceAfiCAitt, 
a carpenter's block, which if of 
stone would not be good for 
the edge of the hatchet.] A pil- 
low of goats' hair for his bolster, 
ceAt\CAitX 'o'fiormA'ó gAbAift triA|A 
ceAnnA'óAifu; r:Aoi (1 Sam. 19, 13). 

Bolt, n. (1) the bar of a door or 
gate, etc. (a) bAptvA, gen. id., pi. 
-aí, m.; (b) -ppA|\|VA==bA]\^A, with 
prothetic s ; (c) rpAntvÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (d) xaX), -Aibe, pi. id. /.; (e) 
cfAtin t)úncA (nó *ot\tiiT>te) ; (/) 
the portion of a lock which is 
shot or withdrawn by the key, 
tujA5Aij\e fetAif), (gl. L. obex). 

(2) Lightning, thunderbolt, (a) 
cao|\, -oipe, /.; (b) pptAnnc, 
-Ainnce, -jvaca, /.; (c) cemct^eAó, 
-tn^e, -a, /. 

(3) A pin of iron, etc., to keep 
things in place, (a) with a head 
at one end and a nut screwed on 
the other, peAm, -a, -AnnA, m., 
dim. -peAmAn ; (b) the pin or 


( 207 ) 


peg for keeping the movable 
bottom of a pAjvoós or pannier 
in place, (i) fUA'óÁn, -Ám (m), 
(Con. and Don.), also futÁn ; 
ftúroín, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (iii) 
5-Abtó5, -óige, -a, f. (Gal.). 
Bolt, v.t., (1) to fasten or secure, 
T)únArn, T)|\tii > oim nó "OAingnrgitri 
(te bAj\f\A) : put now this woman 
out from me and b. the door 
after her, ctn^i Anoif An beAnr-o 

A1TIAC UAWT\ A^Uf "OfltUT) Atl T>OfAAf 

1 n-A T>iAró (2 Sam. 13, 17). 

(2) To swallow hastily and 
without chewing, AtpAim, -At). 

Bolt, v.i., (1) to come or go sud- 
denly, to dart, (a) pj\eAbAim, -at); 
(b) fgiobAnm, -At>. 

(2) To spring suddenly away 
or out of the regular track, 
5fieA > oAim, -at> : he bolted away, 
t)o jfveA'o fé teif. 

Bolting, v.n., (1) fastening with a 

bolt, fpAfVfVAT), -|\ca, m. 

(2) Running away, 5fveAT)AT>, 

-x>tA, m. 
Bolt-rope, n., a rope stitched to 

the edges of a sail, At>pA, g. id., 

pi. -aí, m. 
Boltsprit. See Bowsprit. 
Bomb, n. (Mil.), a shell, (1) 

r-tiogÁn, -Am, m.; (2) ptéAf^Án, 

-Ám, m. 
Bombard, v.t., to attack with 

artillery, esp. when shells are 

used, (1) LÁifiAC te 5tmnAt)ib 

rti05Áin ; (2) -ptio^ÁnAim, -ax) ; 

(3) ptéAf^Aim, -ax). 
■Bombardment, bombÁ^mjeAcc, 

-ZA, f. (O'Beg.) ; ftiogAnAt), 

-ncA, m.; ptéAfgAt), -ca, m. 
Bombast, n., high-sounding words, 

(1) bUvotriAn, g. and pZ. -Am, m.; 

(2) AjvoCAinnc, -ce, /.; (3) Á\w- 
$tó^, -ói^, m.; (4) ottjtó^, -ói|\, 
w.; (5) cATiAfAf, -Aif, m.; (6) 
r-iopáróe, g. id. m. 

Bombastic, a., high-sounding with- 
out meaning, (1) btA-omAnAc, 
-Ai$e ; (2) ÁjvocAwnceAc, -a$e ; 
(3) Áfco-glópAc, -Aije ; (4) jaocac, 
-Aije ; (5) 5AoctfiAn, -Aif\e. 

Bond, n., (1) that which binds, 
fastens or confines, (a) ceAngAt, 
-Ait, m.; (b) nAfg, -Air;*;, m. 

(2) That which fetters or 
manacles, (a) ctub^eAC, -Wg, 
pi. -pi$e and -a, m.; (b) ctnngeAt, 
-511, m.; (c) gemieAt, -trite, pi, id. 
d. pi -mtib, m. (O'D. Gram. 88). 

(3) Bond or indenture, caij\u, 
-e, -eACA, /. 

(4) A written obligation, (a) 
bAnnA, g. and pi. -Ait)e, m. (cf. 
VBhendho, I bind) ; (b) ttf fut)Af , 
g. and pi. -Aif , m.; (c) AmJeAtt, 
-51U,, m. (G. D.). 

(5) The union or tie of the 
stones in a wall, (a) bAnn, -„mn, 
pi. -aí, m.; (b) pÁfs, -a, m.; (c) 
ceAnncA, g. id. m. 

(6) A mutually binding force 
or influence, a uniting tie, cotfi- 
nAf5, -Aifg, m.; corticeAn^At, 
-Ait, m. 

(7) A moral bond or obliga- 
tion, (a) seAf , -eire, -a, /. : she 
placed me under bonds cuifi ri 
-pÁ jeAf Aib mé ; -pÁ geAf Aib 

T)|\OniA T>|\AOlt)eACCA (E. 0. A. 

175) ; (b) cuing, -e, pi. id. f. : the 
bond of matrimony, c. pórcA. 
Bondage, n., slavery, captivity, 
restraint of personal liberty, (1) 
T>Aoifve, g. id. /.; (2) *oAoif\f e(Acc), 
/.; (3) rei^if, -e, /.; (4) r- ei^bif- 
eAóc, -a, /.; (5) bfuaro, g. -e, /.; 
(6) ^enrieAt, -rhte, pi. id. dpi. 
-mtib (O'D. Gram. 88) ; (7) 
mogf Aine, g. id. /.; (8) rgtÁburó- 
eAóc, -CA, /.; (9) buAnnAóc, -a, 
/.; (10) cmieACAf, -Air, m.; (11) 
géibeAnnAf, -Aif, m.; (12 eAjv 
$AbÁit, -ÁtA, /.; (13) ai|ac. -e, /. ; 


( 208 ) 


if your own king were in bondage 
x>Á mbeAt) "oo f\í pern 1 n-Aif\c 
(D. A. 220). 

Bondmaid, n., a female slave, (1) 
cumAt, -Aite, -a, /.; (2) cacc, 
-ca, /./ (3) mux, -e, -i, / 

Bondman, a male slave, (1) T>AOf\, 
-oi|\, m.; (2) •oAoijmeAc, -fig, m.; 

(3) 'OAOfiÁtiAC, -A15, -Aije, m. ; 

(4) fslÁburóe, gen. id., pi. --óte ; 

(5) buAtitiA, #. id., pi. -i, m. 
Bondsman, n., a surety, (1) tiAfSAC, 

-A15, m.; (2) tiAf5Aij\e, #. id., 
pZ. -fií, m. 

Bondwoman, n., a woman who is 
a slave, (1) beAu t)AOfi, g. mtiÁ 
"OAoi^e : ceit5 auiac au be^n 
•OAojv-f a Aj;im a mAc, ói|\ nt beró 
niAc ha rrmÁ t)Aoif\e-f e 1 n-A 
oij^e tnAitte le mo tfiACfA 
(Gen. 21, 10) ; (2) cacc, -a, -ai, /. 

Bone, n., (i) one of the pieces into 
which the frame of the body is 
divided, criÁui, -Áirh, -a, m.; (2) 
pi. two or four pieces of bone 
held between the fingers and 
struck together so as to make 
a kind of music, cnÁtfiA ; bones 
player, cnÁimfeA^ ; bones, coll., 
cnAitYi^eAt) ; (3) pi. dice, "oíftí. 

Boneset, n., a medicinal plant, 
thoroughwort (eupatorium per- 
foliatum), -pAtfiós TÍluifve; fgAbttif . 

Bonfire, n., a large fire in the open 
air for jubilation or amusement, 
(1) ceme ctiÁm, pi. cemce cnÁm, 
/.; (2) cuÁttitAó, -Aije, -a, /.; (3) 
ceme Uiaiu (1a tuAm, Mid- 
summer Day, Or.) : (4) ceitmeAt 
(P. W. J. II. 229)"; ceme féite 

Bonnet, n., a head-dress worn by 
women, (1) boméAT), g. -ém, m., 
also -éroe, -a, /. (cf. L. bonetum): 
they shall have linen bonnets on 
their heads, berú botméro tin aj\ 
a 5ceAnnAib (Ezek. 44, 18, and 

Ex. 29, 28) ; (2) bAi|\éAT>, -éro, 
(Tyr.) ; (3) be&p&x), -ait> (Don.) 
(cf. L. biretta, a cap). 

Bonny, n., (1) attractive and grace- 
ful, (a) beautiful, ÁtAmn, g. s. f. 
AiLne ; (b) pretty, 'oeAf , -eif e ; 
(c) handsome, iDACAtriAit, -mtA. 

(2) Gay, merry, frolicsome, 
cheerful, etc. See Blithe. 

Bony, a., full of bones, cnÁrh ac, 
-Atge ; cuÁrh|\AmA|A, -Airiij\e. 

Booby, n., a stupid fellow, a dunce. 
(1) bAfctm, -urn, m.; (2) 50mA- 
|AAit, -e, -i, m. (Der.) ; (3) 50m- 
A|\At, -Ait (W. Lim.) ; (4) 
5omAc, -A15, m. (Don ) ; (5) 
Leibroe, g. id., pi. -*oi, m. 

Book, n., a collection of printed 
or written sheets of paper bound 
together, teAbA^, -aij\, m., (cf 
L. Liber). 

Book-binder, n., one who binds 
books, teAbA|AóeAU5Atcói|A, m. 

Book-binder's press, n., cf\Atm 
ceAnncA ; ceAnncÁn, -Ám, m. 

Book casket, n., cnnvoAc, -A15, 
-Aige, m. 

Book-cover, n., bÁi^iAtt (O' R.). 

Bookish, a., better acquainted with 
books than with men, teAbj\Ac : 
•oo beit cAbAjvcA T)o teAb|\Aib. 

Book-keeper, n., one who keeps 
accounts, (1) cimncAfói^, -ój\a, 
-|\í, m.; (2) ctéif\eAó, -f\i§, m. 

Book-keeping, n., the art of keep- 
ing accounts, (1) ctmncAf acc, -a, 
/.; (2) cléi|\eACAf, -Aif, m. 

Book-learned, a., versed in books, 
UceAfvOAc, -Aige. 

Book-learning, n., as distinguished 
from practical knowledge, tic- 

eAfYOACC, -a, /. 

Booklet, n., a little book, (1) 
teAbjUn, -Am, m.; (2) teAbAifin, 
gfen. id., pi. -rri, m.; (3) unbound, 
mutteACAn, -Ám, m. 


( 209 ) 


Bookmark, n., something placed 
in a book to indicate a par- 
ticular page, AfCAl, -Ait, m. 

Book-oath, n., swearing by the 
Book .1. the Bible, rrnonnA An 
teAbAji ; An teAbAjv *oo tAúAtpz : 
I give my Book-oath on it, *oo 
beif\im An teAbAf aij\ ; by the 
Book, X)Ap An le^bAf ; also "oa^ 
bfúg ah leAbAifi. 

Boom, n., a long spar for extending 
the bottom of a sail, c^Ann 
fgóroe, g. and pi. c^Ainn -psóroe, j 

Boon, n., (1) that which is asked 
as a favour, (a) Atcumje, g. id., \ 

Pi- ~l&h /• ií* (&) lA^fACAf, -A1f, 


(2) A gift, Aipse, g. -jeAt), 
dai. -51T), id., pi. 51, /. 

(3) A present, cAbA^úAf (also 
r^bA|\cAv, Don.) and uábA^t- 
AnnAf, #., and pi. -Air*, w. . 

(4) A grant or favour, uiox)- 
1aca*ó, g. and pi. -tAicte, m. 

Boor, n., a rustic, a churl, (1) 
bo"OAC, -A15, -Aije, m. ; (2) 
box)Aicin, gen. id., pi. -ní, m.; (3) 

fVÁfCA 11Ó -pÁfCAC, M./ (4) flÚfCAC, 

-A15, m.; (5) ccroAfmiÁíi, g. and 
pi. -Áin, m., also cox)AmÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (6) b^oi-nAn, g. and y:>i. -Áin, 
m.; (7) cuaca, <y. id, pi. -Á1, m.; 

(8) leice, g. id., pi. -ti, m. (Or.) ; 

(9) r*orhAi-|Ale, g. id., pi. -ti, m.; 

(10) 5]UiAtnAcÁn, -Áin, m.; (11) 
bj\ouÁn, -Áin, m.; (12) piroAjvtAC, 
-A15, m.; (13) c|vufCA]A, -ai]a, m.; 
(14) cóbAc, -A15, m.; (15) cÁbó^, 
óije, -a, /.; (16) piAttAc, -A15, 
w.; (17) péifceÁiiAc, -A15, >/t. 
(m. t>.) ; (18) bóimín, 0. i(i., 
pi. -ni, m., also tóimíneAc, 111$,- 
m.; (19) fcuACAi|\e, /y. ici. pi., 
-|\í, m.; (20) TM01, ry. i(i., y^i. 
-ce, m.; (21) TniA-oÁn, -Ám, w. 

Boorish, a., uncultured, unman- 

nerly, (1) boT>ACAiúAit, -tulA ; 
(2) f cuacac, -Aige ; (3) cox>a\\- 
mÁncA, ind.; (4) *ooiceAllAC, 
-Ai$e ; (5) uuauac, -Aije ; (6) 

*OAOtA1ÚAll, -111ÍA ; (7) > OUA > OÁnAÓ, 

-Aige ; (8) "ouAiDAiiiAit, -n'UA ; (9) 
b^otnÁnuA, ind. ; (10) ]\ú\tac, 
-Aije : he likes not boorish lan- 
guage, ni tiÁil leir béAjvlA núf cac 
(D. K. 78). 
Boorishness, n., the quality of 
being boorish, (1) boTMCAirilAcc, 
-a, /.; (2) ctiACAiiitAcc, /.; (3) 
T)oióeAix, -cill, m. 
Boot, n„ covering for the feet ; (1) 
buACAif , -e, -i, /. : péijve buACAir*í, 
a pair of boots ; c^oij, Io^a -\ 
uACCAn buACAife, the foot, the 
leg and the top or " upper " of 
a boot. The part which covers 
the ball of the foot is called 
tAfSAt). Boot-creak, gíor-sÁn, 
-Ám, m. ; (2) b\\ó^,f. (shoe.) 
Boot n., (1) profit, advantage, (a) 
zAM^be, g. id., pi. cAi|AbeAt)4, 
recently, -bi, m. and /. ; (b) 
mAiteAf , g. and pi. -f a, m. and /. 
(2) What is given to equalise 
things in a bargain, bimcÁir-ce, 
gen. id., pi. -ci, /. ; éAf\tAir, -róe. 
Booth, 11., a house built of boards 
or other slight materials, (1) 
cÁbÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, m.; (2) 
bot, -oite, -a, /. : as a b. that 
the keeper maketh, niAfv ah 
mboit "oo jni au c-Aox>Ai|\e (Job 
27, 18) ; they made themselves 
booths, T)o mnneA'OAiA botA "óóib 
péin (Neh. 8, 16) ; (3) bot án, 
g. and pi. -Ám, m.; (4) ne^cÁn, 
-Ám, m.; (5) fg^tlAtm, -Ainne, 
-a, /.; (6) rsÁcAtÁn, g. and y)., 
-Ám, m.; (7) r-^AbAt. r/. and p., 
-Ail, m.; (8) fgAp^i, -ah, m. 
Boot-jack, n., an instrument for 
pulling off boots, ce^p bu^u.Mfo, 
g. cip bnACAife, m. 



( 210 ) 


Bootlace, n., a string for tying 
boots, iaII, g. eitle. pi. iaIIaca, /. 

Bootless, &., unprofitable, unavail- 
ing, useless, (1) neArhtAif\beAc; 
-tinge ; (2) neitfiéipeACCAc, -Aije, 
(3) 1 u-AifceA|A : a b. journey, 

T~t1f\Af 1 n-A1fUeAf\. 

Bootmaker, n., one who makes 
boots, 5|\éAf.Aróe, g. id., pi. 
-t)te, m. 

Boot-tree, n., an instrument to 
keep a boot in shape, cjwm 
buAUAife, fif. cjvdinn buAUAife, m. 

Booty, %., spoil, (1) cfAeAc, g. -eice, 
pi. -a, /.; (2) éAT)Áit, -áIa, /.; (3) 
gAb Ait, -ÁIa, /.; (4) miotiAT), -Aro, 
m. ; (5) c|\eACA|\, -aija, m:, found 
in the place name t)éAl av\ 
Cf\eACAi|\ near Mulranny, Co. 
Mayo. (M. O'D.). 

Boozy, a., fuddled, slightly intoxi- 
cated, a\k leicrheif5e (O'Beg.) ; 
rnAnnuAC, -Aige (Or.). 

Bo-peep, w., a child game, hide 
and seek, (1) j:aIac CfvuAC ; (2) 
jtaIac fioj ; (3) £AtAC peAT). 

Borage, 7?., a plant (borago officin- 
alis), boff\Áifue ($ofim), m. 

Border, n., (1) the outer edge or 
fringe of anything, (a) citm'iAir, 
-fe, -feACA, /.; (b) cjuoftAc, -A15, 
m.; (c) -pÁitmi, gf. -pÁitme, pi. 
-ACA, /., hem ; (d) btnnne, g. id., 
pi. -nnroe, m., esp. to the rim of 
a basket ; (e) iomof ac, -A15, -Aij;e. 
m.; (/) cof\CAif\, -íjaac, -cj\aca 

(2) Boundary, a frontier, (a) 
nneAtt or nniott, g. and pi. 
mull, m. (cf. W. ymmyl) ; (b) 
ueofA, -nn, pi. -nriA and -uca, /. 

(3) Borderland, mieAttAC, -A15, 

(4) Of thatch round a house, 
cleirín, g. id., pi. -ní, /. 

(5) Brink, verge, bjuiAC, g, 

-A1C. pi. -A, m., 10JA1|\, -jftAC, 

"5|\aca, /. : the verge of the glen. 
1. An jieAnnA ; peói|^, -óftAC, 
-ó|\aca, /. (eóij\, O'R.), (cf. An 
£eói-p, the River Nore). 

These two words as well as 
P05AIH (outline) and eocAif\ (bor- 
der, brink) are probably of the 
same origin (cf. L. figura. and 
cf. tif a, puf a ; ti^ittf ; -piTfuf ; 
tnfge, ptufge ; At)Af\cÁn, -pA-oAjv- 
cÁn, etc.). 

Border, v.t., cf\iofUnj;im, -u^axj. 

Bordered, a., having borders, (1) 
cuntiAifeAc, -fije ; (2) nneAtlAC, 
-Aije, on the border or remote 
from the centre. 

Borderer, n., one who dwells on a 
border, peói|\i|\e, g. id., pi. -j\i, m. 

Bordering. 0., adjoining. mieAllAc, 

Bore, v.t., to pierce a hole through, 
(1) potlAirn, -At) ; (2) colt ami, 
-at) ; (3) rjveAjAim, -at> ; bore 
through, lÁnuollAim, -ax>. 

Bore, n.', (Tj á hole made by boring, 
(a) poll, g. and pi. pinii, m.; (b) 
roll. g. and pi. null. m. 

(2) The bore of a gun or pipe, 
(a) polArii junnA. the bore of a 
gun ; (b) C]\ó. g. id., pi. -ót)AnnA r 
m. : the bore of a pipe, c^ó 

Bore. imp. of Bear (beijV), jwig. 

Boreal, a., pertaining to the north, 
cuAifceAfiuAc, -Aije ; boj\éACA 
(Alex. 437). 

Boreas, n., the north wind, An 


Boreen, n., a byroad, or lane, boit- 

f\ín, g. id., pi. -ní, m. 
Borer, n., (1) the thing that bores, 

upeAg. -a, -AnnA, /. 

(2) The person who bores, (a) 

poltAi|\e, g. id., pi. -|\i, m.; (b) 

cotlAi|\e, m.; (c) pottAT)ót^, m.; 

(d) cottA*oóif\, m.; (e) colloif\ r 

-óftá, -fví ; m,. 


( 211 ) 


Bore-tree, n. (Bot.), the elder tree 
(sambucus nigra), (1) cfomAn, 
g. and pi. -Ám, m.; (2) efAnn 
cfomÁw ; (3) ftiif , -e, /. 

Boring, n., the act of, (1) potUvó, 
-ttca, m.; (2) coltAt), -itcA, m.; 
(3) cneAgA'ó, -$ca, ml 

Boring, n., the hole made, pott, 
g. ptntt, pi, id. m. 

Born, p. a., brought into life, (1) 
beifte nó béAftA ; (2) cum- 
mrote : a man b. for great 
things, *otnne béAftA (nó beinte) 
cum móifneite ; it is better not 
be b. than be without learning, 
if f eAff gAn beic t\Á beic $;An 
fogttnm ; i n-Am An bit) t>o 
tMi^AT) mé, I was b. at meal- 
time (cf. beimm, I bear or carry). 

Borne, p.p., of Bear (to carry), 


Borough, n., an incorporated town, 
not a city, (1) b'Ajiáf', -Aif, m. 
{G. D.) ; (2) f AonbAite, (/. id., 
pi. -tee, m.) (3) bAite mójv, pi. 
bAitce móf a ; (4) bjvuj;, -1115, 
-uja, m. 

Borrow, v.t., to obtain a loan from 
another, (1) AifteAgAim, -At> ; (2) 
pAgAim An iAf acc : thou shalt 
lend but shall not borrow, -oo 
beAfpAit) uu Ai|\teA5A , ó acc ni 
lAfjvpAiT) cu AinteAgAt) (Deut. 15, 
6) ; and if a man borrow, Aguf 
mÁ AinteA^Ann "otnne (Ex. 22, 14). 

Borrower, n., one who borrows, (1) 
tAfAccAme, g. id., pi. -x>te, m. : 
the borrower's loan, lAfAcc An 
iAf Accuróe ; (2) peAn iAf aóca ; 
(3) AinteA5tói]A, -ójia, -m", wi. 

Borrowing, n., the act of obtaining 
a loan, (1) lAfACu, -ca, /.; (2) 
pAjÁit A|\ iAf acc : the law of 
borrowing is to break the articles 
[borrowed], if é *otij;e nA biAfACCA 
nA neAjAj\Ai , óe *oo bnif eA*o ; (3) 
Ai^teAgAt), -SUA, m. 

Boscage, n., a wooded landscape, 
coitt, -e, -ue, /.; Áic lÁn *oe 

Bosky, a., woody, (1) coittceAc, 
-oge ; (2) f oitneAmAit, -mtA. 

Bosom, n., (1) the human breast, 
(a) ucc, g. and pi. -a, m. : "oo 
ceAnn f ionn Am ncc Aguf mm e 
•oo fionpo^AT) ; (b) bttOttAC, -A15, 
-Aije, m. : pearl of the white 
breast, péAftA An bnottAij bÁw ; 
(c) poófAf (nó ocfAf), -Aif, m. 
(Don.) ; (d) cneAf , -nif , m.; (e) 
coim, -e, /., also m. (cf. bosom 
friend, cAfAro ctnm, O'Beg.) ; (/) 
ctiAb, -éib, m. : my heart in my 
bosom is broken, if bmfce mo 
cnoi'óe 1m ctiAb. 

(2) As the repository of secret 
thoughts and the seat of the 
passions and affections, (a) ucu, 
-a, m. : pet of my bosom, a 
•óAtcA m'nccA ; (b) bnottAc, -A15, 
-Aij;e, m. : A5 ceitc mo peACAit) 
Ann mo bnotUc (Job 31, 33) ; (c) 
cneAf , -nif , m. : nAriiAro cmf , 
a bosom enemy ; (d) ctiAb, -téib, 
m. : friend of my bosom, cAf a 
mo ctéib. 

(3) The part of an article of 
dress worn on the breast, (a) 
bnottAc, -A15, -Ai$e, m.: b. of 
a shirt, bfottdc téme ; (b) ncc, 
-a, m. 

Boss, n. : (1) stud or knob, cnAp, g. 
and pi. -Aip, m.; cnApÁn, g. and 
pi. -Am, m.; bocóm, -x>e, -t)i, /. ; 
meAtt, gen. mitt, ]>l id., m. 

(2) A hassock or straw seat, 
furóifte, g. id., pi. -ci, /., dim. 
furóifcín, g. id. m. 

(3) Ornamental boss of a 
girdle, cnAipe cfeAfA — ■ (O'Beg.). 

Bossy, a., ornamented with bosses, 
cnApAc, -Atje. 


( 212 ) 


Botanical, a., of or pertaining to 
the study of plants, A5 bAinc te 
UnbeAnnAib (O'Beg.). 

Botanist, w., one skilled in the 
knowledge of plants, (1) ttnb- 
eóttiróe, g. id. m.: (2) turf^An, 
g. and pi. -Ám, m.; (3) tuff\ACÁn, 
-Ám, m.; (4) Uif at)óij\, -ójia, -j\í,m. 

Botany, n , the science which deals 
with the structure, functions and 
classification of plants, (1) ttnb- 
eótAf, -ai|\ m./ (2) UifA*oóif- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

Botch, n., (1) a clumsy worker, (a) 
bAittf éAj\, -éifi, m. : the botch 
and his servant are alike, if 
lonAnn te céite An bAittféA-p if 
a 510UA (Con. prov.) ; (&) mitt 
A'(n) fflAroe, m. (Zii. timber- 
spoiler), (M.) : you are only a 
botch, íií'i ionnAu acc mitt a'(ti) 
mAroe ; also milt a' bACA, m. ; 
(c) 50b Án and gobA'oÁn, -Ám 
(Mayo) ; (d) bAitteAbA^ , -aij\, 
m.; (e) tocA > oóij\, -ój\a, -fví, m.; 
(/) cttroAij\e, gr. id., pi. -pi, m. 

(2) A patch on a garment, 
p|\eAbdn, -Ám, m. 

Botch, v.t., (1) to patch, to mend, 
p-peAbÁuAim, -At). 

(2) To spoil or mar in making, 
(a) rmttim, -teAt) ; (b) toiom, 
v.ri. loc. 

Botched, a., (1) patched, ppeAb- 

(2) Spoiled, (a) rmttce ; (b) 

Botcher, n. See Botch (1). 

Botching, n., (1) the act of patch- 
ing or mending, p^eAbÁnA'b, -tica; 
p|\eAbÁm "oo cu|\ ftiAf ; *oeif- 

(2) The act of spoiling, (a) 
mitteAt), -tee, m.; (b) toe, g. 
tmc, pi. id. m. 

Botchy, a., poorly done, p|\eAbÁnAó } 

Both, a. or pron., (1) the one and 
the other, the two, (a) a^ aou : 
and they were both naked, the 
man and his wife, and were not 
ashamed, Aguf *oo biox)An aj\ Aon 
tomnocc An p eAf\ *] au beAti *] ni 
f Aib nÁife ojAtA (Gen. 2, 25) ; 
they were both surprised, "oo bi 
lotiguAt) o|aca AjAAon ; (&) beifc. 
-e, /., we are both unlucky, cá 
míoÁt) A|\ An mbeif\c A^Amn. 

(2) conj., roif\ (evoi^ nó eAt)A|A), 
when it precedes the first of two 
co-ordinate words . with A^uf 
before the second, as both bad 
and good, roin otc-j rriAit ; all y 
both weak and strong, both 
w r arrior and cleric, both old and 
young, 5AÓ Aon roin ttmAg -j 
zpé&n, roifl tAoc -j ctéineAó, roij\ 
f eAn "j 05 . 

(3) Idiom : he burned his 
candle at b. ends, *oo "0015 fé 
a comneAt ifAn x)Á ceAnn ; we 
are b. unlucky, cá An míÁt) a\\ 
ah mbei|\e A^Aitm. 

Bother, v.t., to annoy, buArómm, 
-|\eAt) and -f^eAm, also box)f\Aim, 
-at) ; don't b. me, nÁ bí Am 
buAi'óiAeAT) (nó bo'ónAt)). 

Idiom : b. the law, ciac ajv 
An "otije ; b. them for teeth, 
SfieA'OAt) cncA mA|\ f iac1a ; b. 
your inquisitive ness, cm c'pA-p- 
ftnjte ofc (M.). See Ask: you 
b. me completely, "oo linttif mé 
50 stAn. 

Bother, petty annoyance, trouble 
or disturbance, buArójieAt),. 
-t>eA|\úA, m. ; btiAit)i|\c, -"óeAftA, 
/., also b«Ait)fveAtfi, m. ; fiottÁn, 
-Ám, m. (Con.). 

Bothy, n. See Booth. 

Bothered, a., bcoAft, -Aifie. 

Bottle, n., a hollow vessel for 
holding liquids, buroéAt, g. and 
pi. -éit, m.; puicmc, -e, -eACA, 


( 213 ) 


/., dim., puicjucin ; p^oipoeAl, 
-eil, m. (Or.) ; reAf\j\ó5, -ói^e, 
-a, /. 
Bottom, n., (1) the lowest part of 
anything, (a) bun, gen. bum, 
pi. id. m. : bottom of the hill, 
bun An crlétbe (cf, V Bhudhno, 
bottom, ground ; cf. L. fundum); 
(b) íocca^ , -Áif\, pi. id. : íoccaji 

AgUf UACCA|A If ttlAIC A11 C-A"ÚbAf\ 

curginne é. 

(2) Of a sea, lake or river, 
5f\mneAtX, g. and pi. -mix', fit. ; 
5f\eAn, -fun, m. : 5 m An, -Am, m. 

(3) The fundament, podex, 
ran,' g. -a, pi. id., dat. -óm, /. 

(4) The part of a thing which 
is beneath and supports the 
contents, con, -a, pi. id., dat. 
-6m, f. : the b. of the chair, 
con via cAtAoipeAc ; the b. fell 
out of the barrel, *oo cuic aw 
con Af An mbApAMhe ; the b. of 
the pot, con An cof\cÁm. 

(5) Foundation, literal or 
figurative, groundwork, origin, 
bun, -urn, m. (cf. fundus) : the 
b. or foundation of the wall, 
bun An bAVtA ; the b. or origin 
of the story, bun An fgéit ; your 
story has neither top nor b. 
(" head or tail "), ni'i bun ua 

bA|A|\ Af\ X>0 f^éAt. 

(6) Low land along a river, 
con, -a, pi. id., dat. -óm, /., also 
cón ci|\e (cf. the place-names 
Tonduff, Tonbaun, Tonroe, black, 
white and red bottom lands, P. 
W. J. I. 526). 

(7) Movable b. of a pannier, 
(a) cónós, -oi^e. -a, f.; (b) 
cteiceog, /. 

Bottomed, a., having a bottom, 
cónAc, -Arge ; flat-bottomed, 
focA^cónAC ; round-bottomed, 


Bottomless, a., having no bottom, 

(1) -£An íoccAp ; (2) 5An com ; 

(3) neiriiíoccAfiác ; (4) neAtri- 
cónAó ; (5) jau bun. 
Bottomless pit, (a) -omXyeA^An ; (&) 
•oubAgÁn, -Ám, mi"; (c) oubAgéAn, 
-ém, m. ; (d) An loc uac tioncAj\ 
(Z. C. P. iv. 437, 8). 

Bough, n., branch of a tree, (1) 
large, géAj, g. -éige, pi. -a, f. 

(2) Small, (a) géAgÁn, g. and 
pi. -Ám, m.; (b) beAnjÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (c) c|AAob, -oibe, pi. -a and 
-CA (pron. cjvaoca), /., dims. 
cpAoibin, g. id., pi. -ni, m., and 
C|\Aobó5, -ói5e, -a, /. 

Boughs (coll.), c|\AnntAc, -A15, m. 

Bought, pp. of Buy, ceAnnuijce. 

Boulder, n., a rock, ai1X, -e, /.=* 
petra. See Bowlder. 

Bounce, v.i., to leap or spring 
suddenly, to enter or leave a 
place unceremoniously, (l)p|\eAb- 
Aim, -At> : she bounced in to us, 
*oo pj\eAb f í if ceAc cujAinn ; he 
bounced up, 00 pneAb pé 1 n-A 
feAfAm ; (2) fgemmm, -neAt> : 
he bounced away from us, *oo 
rgemn ré uAmn ; (3) biot>5Aim, 
-At) : I bounced out of my 
chair, "oo bicogAf av mo cacao1|\ ; 

(4) cUfim, -feAt) (Or.). 
Bounce, n., (1) a leap, (a) pj\eAb, 

-eibe, -bA, /.; (b) r gemm , g. -eAnm a, 
-meACA, /.; (c) bío'ógA'ó, -5CA, m.; 
(d) fiu^co^, -óige, -a, /.; (e) 
^05, /.; (/) AUTOteós, /. ; (g) 
cUr, -e, /. (Or.). 

(2) Brag, boast, blA-otriAnn, 
-Amn, m.; (a) Áijvoseóm, -e, /. ; 
(b) " -pslusbUvoniAn ! " triAft 
A*oubAi|\c p^éAóÁm ConncAe 
t turning le pj\éACÁin Úíj\e ua 
Bouncer, n., a jumper, (1) pjieAb- 
Ai|\e, g. id., pi. -f\i, m. ; (2) 
téimi|\e ; (3) téimeAt)ói|\, -ófta, 
-|\í, m. 


( 214 ) 


Bouncing, act of, n., (1) pfeAbAt), 
-btA, m.; (2) pfeAbjAit, -e, /. 

Bouncing, a., lusty, buxom, nuf- 
U05AC, -Ai£e : a b. young woman, 
fAriroóg, -oige, -A, /. (m. t).). 

Bound, n., limit or boundary, real 
or imaginary, ceófA, -tin, -nnA, /.: 
he compassed the waters with 
bounds, X)o timceAtt fé ua 
tmif 5 eAT)A te ceófAnnAib (Job 
26, 10) ; there are no " bounds " 
to him, ni't Aon ceófA teif ; thou 
hast appointed his bounds that 
he cannot pass, "o'ótvouTg zú a 
teóf AnnA iiac bpéAT>Ann f é "out 
tAffA (Job 14, 5). 

Bound, v.L, to limit, ceoftnjim, 


Bound, v.i., to leap, to jump, (1) 
téimim,?;.n.téim, ténnneAC, téwi- 
jveAC and A5 teimfit; (W. Lim.) : 
on my crutches bounding to 
every door, Af mo rhAroe cfoife 
Ag téimfij; 50 T>ofAf 5AC Aon 

(2) To jump (on), Lingitp (aj\ ), 
(V Leng-o , to spring ; cf. Skr. 
langhati, leap, spring). See 

Bound, a jump, s., (1) ténvi, -e, 
-eAnnA, /.; (2) pfeAb, -eibe, -a, 
f.; (3) cnuftós, -óige, -054, /.; 
(4) boctéim, -e, -eAnnA, /. 

Bound, (1) by a chain, rope, fetter, 
etc., (a) ceAnjjAitce, ind.; (b) 
ctnbmjte, ind.; (c) nAfguigte, 
ind.; (d) a^x\avs\ (e) cfeApAtuA. 
(2) By legal or moral obliga- 
tion, followed by infinitive, (a) 
•o'pAóAib : he is not b. to re- 
main in one place only, ni't 
fé xy'pACAiY) Aif cómnuróe "oo 
X)éAnAm 1 n-Aon Á1€ AmÁm (P. L. 
321) ; he was b. not to, -oo bi 
pACAiX) Aif 5^n .... (P. O'jL.) ; 
also *o'piACAinc and tj'iacaU, ; (b) 
zá fé ceAngAitue (tiAf^tujte, 

ceAnnpAfgtA, etc.), ofm é *oo 
•óéAnAm ; I am b. to do it, ni't 
fé ceAn^Aitue, etc., I am not 
b., etc. 
Boundary, n., a real or imaginary 
limit, (1) ceójiá, -fAnn, -fAnnA, 
/. (cf. L. ora ; Gr. Zpos + c- ; 

(2) imeAtt, g. and pi. -miU, m. ; 

(3) poimmeAtt, -nutt, m.; (4) 
cfioc, -ice, -a, /. 

Bounded, a., limited, ceófAnnuA. 

Bounding, »., (1) jumping, téirn- 
neAó, -nije, /., also téimfeAó, /., 
a^ téirtifvi5 and A5 boc-téimmg : 
(2) fsemneAriiAin, -mnA, /. 

Bounding, a., given to jumping, 
téimneAó, -mje. 

Boundless, a., without bounds or 
limit, nenfiteófAnnAc, -Arge; 5AT1 
ceófAmn ; *oóimeAttCA, ind. 

Boundlessness, n., the quality of 
being boundless, neitiiteófAnn- 

ACC, "A, /. 

Bounteous, a., liberal in charity, 
f iAt, gsf. f éite. 

Bounteousness. See Bounty. 

Bountiful, a., free in giving, (1) 
bfonncAC, -Aije ; (2) fiAttriAf , 
-Ai|\e ; (3) ciot)tAicceAc, -tije ; 

(4) omeAc, -nije, also emeAC ; 

(5) -Am. -e (Or.). 
Bountifulness, n., the quality of 

being bountiful, fiAtmAfAcc, 

-UA, /. 

Bounty, n., liberality in giving, (1) 
péite, g. id. f. ; (2) mAiteAf , g. 
and pi. -a, m. : most men will 
proclaim their own b., mAorófvó 
au euro if mó *oe iu T>Aowib a 
mAiceAf féw (Prov. 20, 6) ; (3) 
coif\beAficAf, -Aif, m.; (4) Atm- 
-pAn, -Am, m. (G. D.) ; (5) omeAc, 
-mg, m, and eweAc, m. ; also 
fomeACAf , -Aif , m. 

Bout, ?i., (1) a contest or trial, 
co|A, (/. and pi. ctn|\, m. : An 
fiAó-pÁ (An bpéAC-pÁ, U.) co|\ teif, 


( 215 ) 


would you try a b. with him (cf. 
co|A coipe, a foul in a wrestling 
b. or match). 

(2) As much as is done at one 
time or turn, (a) s^eAf -a, m; a 
long spell at giving gold, stieAp 
móf\ Ag b^otitiAt) An óij\ (Oss. IV. 
12) ; (b) TDfeAf , -a, m. : even if 
wild kale be good, one b. of it is 
enough, mÁ'f mAitpjvAipeAcbtiroe 
if leó|\ "OfveAf x>e (Or. prov.) ; (c) 
b|\Aif , -e, -Í, /. (Or.) ; (d) bAbuA, 
g. id., pi. -a\, m. (cf. Eng. Bout) ; 
(e) c^e^p, -a, m. : by whom 
many fell here in the b., te'j\ 
tmc lotnAT) form (cf. Anonn) 
f An c. (Oss. IV. 58) ; (/) t)feif , 
-e, -i, /. (Or.) ; (gr) ^eAicfe, gr. 
id., pi. -fí, m. (1TI. t).) ; c/. 
geÁiufí, antics (M.) ; (/i) feAt, 
-a, m. 
Bow, v.i., (1) to make crooked or 
curved, to cause to bend down, 
to subdue, (a) UibAitn, -ad ; (b) 
cfomAim, -At) : bowed down 
their faces to the earth, Ap 
5Cf\omAT) a ti-Ai£ce cum ua 
CAiifiAn (Luke 24, 5). 

(2) To bow in token of respect 
or reverence, (a) ctAonAim, -a*o : 
they bowed to the ground, x>o 
ctAonA - oA|v ia"o pern 50 CAtAtti ; 
(b) cf\oiriAim, -At) : he bowed his 
head, *oo cpom f é a ceAnn ; (c) 
■peACAnn. -a*o : to b. the knee 
before the altar, gtún 'o'feACA'ó 
óf córhAip ha riAtuópAc ; (d) 

ftéACCAim, -AX). 

(3) "UmUnjmi, -ujAX). 

Bow, v.i., (1) to bow the head or 
bend the knee or body in respect 
or reverence, (a) clAonAim, -a*ó ; 
(b) cpom Aim, -aX) ; (c) ftéAúc- 
Aim, -axj, ; (d) umttirgim, -ujaó, 
followed by f iof : I will bow 
down, clAoxMpAX) fiof ; b. down 
that we may go over, cpom pi op 

50 moeACAniAoip tAtpi^ (lsa. 51, 

(2) To bow the head as a mark 
of civility or assent, (a) urh- 
Ithjim Coo) : he did not salute 
or bow to us, niop beAmung if 
niop mfiUnj *óúinn (Oss. IV.) ; 
(b) fiéAócAim Coo). 
Bow, n., (1) anything bent in the 
form of a curve, as a rainbow 
or a bow for shooting arrows, 
bojA, g. id., pi. -T)A, m. (cf. Eng. 
bow, bough) : I do set my b. 
in the cloud, purgim mo bogA 
Annf a néAtt (Gen. 9, 13) ; your 
b. and quiver, >oo bojA Ajuf x>o 
botgAn . 

(2) An ornamental knot of 
ribbon or other material, cnocA, 
g. id. m. 

(3) The b. of a stringed instru- 
ment, cpArm ceóil nó cpArm 


(4) The b. of a boat, (a) bAtt 
copAi5 ; (b) pice, g. id., pi. 
-cí, /. 

(5) The b. oar, tnAroegtiAtAnn : 
row the b. oar, iomAip au 511ALA ; 
the man who rows the b. oar, 
An peAp curl. 

Bowed, a., (1) bent, cpom, g. s. f. 
cpumie : bowed with age, cpom 
le tiAoif ; (2) cpomcA, ind. ; 
(3) bowed and feeble, cpAmroA, 
ind.; 4) cuAp, -Aipe (cf. L. 

Bowel, n., (1) one of the intestines, 
but generally in the pi., (a) 
mne, g. id., pi. -ní,/.;(b)putó5A, 
/. (pi.)', (c) lonnAtAp, -Aip, m.; (2) 
the interior of anything, (a) 
meA*óóti, -óm, m.; (b) lAp, -Áip, m. 

Bowelless, a., without pity, $au 
cpuAije, 5An uAipe. 

Bower, n., (1) a sunny chamber, 
a lady's private apartment, 
5pu\ru\ri, -Am, m. 


( 216 ) 


(2) A rustic cottage or summer- 
house, (a) zeAc f^itif^ró, m.; (b) 
cfAinnce^c, m.; (c) bot, -01 te, 

(3) An arbour or shady place 
in a garden, ctu^nó^, -óige, 
-a, f. 

Bowery, a., shading like a bower, 
-pgÁtAó, -Aije. 

Bowl, n., a hollow vessel of various 
shapes, mostly hemispherical, (1) 
buttA, gen. id. -a\, m.; (2) button, 
-Am, m.; (3) bAvpin, gen. id., pi. 
-ni, m.; (4) r^ALA, #eft. id., pi. 
-Ai, m. (gfi. sinum) ; (5) cuac, 
-Aice, -a, f.; (6) cuACÁn, -Ám S 

(7) CUAC05, -oige, -a, /'. (G. -D.) ; 

(8) e^f5fA, gen. id. -a\, m. ; (9) 
■ptteAt, -tit, m. 

Bowl, n., a ball for playing bowls, 
(1) ftdó'oÁri, -Am, m. ; (2) mif,te, 
fif. id., pi. -ti, /. 

Bowl, v.t., to play bowls, imf\uu 
I^ACTMm nó mifite. 

Bowlder, Boulder, n., a large stone 
rounded by the action of water, 
(1) CA^jvArgcntimn, /.; (2) ^ilt, -e, 
-eAtA, /. = petra; (3) muttAn, 
-Ám, m. ; (4) pvobAifme, /. 

Bowlegged, adj. See Bandylegged. 

Bowling, n., act of playing bowls, 
A5 imij\c nACoÁn nó mif\te. 

Bowling-green, n., a green on which 
bowls are played, (1) mómín ]\act>- 
Án ; (2) mij\teAn, -Ám, m. 

Bowman, n., an archer, rAijTmóijA, 
-ójva, -fií, m. (cf. L. Sagittarius), 
bo5AT)ói|\, -ójva, -m% m. 

Bowshot, n., the distance traversed 
by an arrow shot from a bow, (1) 
u|\caj\ bo$A gen. uj\cAif bo$A, 
m.; (2) ti|vcAf r Aij-oe, m. 

Bowsprit, n., a large boom 
to carry sail forward, (1) cjwm 
rp^eoroe, gren. c^mn — , m.; (2) 
ctwrn -p^óroe, w. 

id., pi. -a\, m. ; 

Bowstring, n., the string of a bow, 
r tve^ng, gen. r^emje, -a, f. : to 
have two strings to one's b., 
•OÁ feeing *oo beit A5 "oume 1 x\-a 
bojA ; f |MAn tiA f [vemje was a 
bridle for tightening the band 
of a spinning-wheel. 

Box, n., (1) a wooden case, (a) 
boriyi, g. id., pi. -aí, wi. (Ji.) ; 
(5) bogfA (U.) ; (c) córfijiA, /.; 
(d) copnA, £/e?i. 
box-seat on a coach, 
-oi^e, -a, /. 

(2) A blow of the fist, (a) 
•oojm, gfeii. "otujm, pi. T)ui^n and 
-oojmA, m.; (b) bmtte bAire, m. 

(3) A box on the ear, (a) bar, 
-Aire, -a, /.; (b) x>út>ó^, -ói^e, 
-a, /.; (c) bAfós, /. 

(4) A tree (buxus semper- 
virens), cftAnn boqM, gen. c^\Ainn- 
b., m. 

Box, v.i., to fight with the fists, 


Boxer, n., a pugilist, -oojmAc, -A15, 
-Aije, m.; -ootmA-ooifi ; rmutc- 
Ai|\e, m. (O'R.). 

Boxing, n., the act of fighting with 
the fists, (1) -oofinÁil, -ÁI&, /.; (2) 
> ooimA > oói|\eAcu, -a, f.; (3) cfioro 
■oojmA (Or.) ; c. te "oó|m.Aib 
(Don.) ; (4) rinutCAX), -ctA, m. 

Boxing-master, n.,mÁ\Qr cip Cfio-OA. 

Boy, n., a lad, (1) buACAiu, gen. 
-aXXa, -ti, /ft. (c/. Gr. /3ot'KoXo?, 
cowherd ; c/. L. bucolicus ; 
BovkoTlos, one who ploughs with 
oxen) ; (2) s^f ú^ (Con. and C7.), 
g. uin, pi. id., 5Af|\Aroe (Don.), 
m.; (3) 5Afr«^ (^-X -«in, »i. (c/ 
Fr. gargon) ; (4) r cócac, -A15, m.; 
(5) cAf\tÁn, -Ám, »1. (Or.). 

Boyhood, n., the time during which 
one is a boy, (1) oi$e, /.; (2) 

05'nACC, -A, f. 


( 217 ) 


Boyish, a., resembling a boy in 
manners and opinions, leAnb- 
Aróe, ind. 

Boyishness, n., the manners or be- 
haviour of a boy, teAtibAi-oeAcc, 

-A, f. 

Brace, v.L, to bind or tie closely, 

(1) T)o ceangAt. cimcéAtl ; (2) 
rearm Aim, -ao. 

Brace, n., (1) anything that binds 
tightly or supports firmly, (a) 
ceAnnATDAn. -Ám, m.; (b) cinng- 
LeÁn, -Ám, rw.; (c) in roofing, 
cAobán, -Ám, m.; (d) fÁrpjeÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

(2) The straps for supporting 
trousers, braces, bruieife, pi. ; 
peit)r\e 5eatairí bruyce. 

(3) A curved instrument for 
holding or turning bits, etc., a 
bitstock, $r\eimceap, -cip, pi. 
id. m. 

(4) A pair or couple, (a) péij\e, 
g. id., pi. -f\i. m* (péir\e, M.) ; 
(b) cúplA, g. id., pi. -aí, m. 

Bracelet, n., an ornamental band 
for the wrist, brvairLeat), -évo, 
m. (Gen. 24, 22), also prváirtéat) ; 

(2) mumce, g. id., pi. -cl, /. 
Bracing, n., act of strengthening, 

ceannax), -nua, m. 
Bracing, a., tending to strengthen, 
ceannuac, -aijje. 

Bracken, n. (Bot.), fern (asplenium 
filex-foemina). naitneac, -nrge, /. 

Bracket, n., a fixture projecting 
from a wall, eaUóg. -óije, -a, /. 

Brackish, a., saltish, soir\c, -e. 

Brackishness, n., the quality of 
being somewhat salt, (1) 501 fit- 
ear\ -of , m. ; (2) 5oif\ceacc, 

-A, f. 

Bradawl, n., a straight awl with 
a chisel edge, boroijin, gen. id., 
pi. -ni, m. 

Brag, la-oúr, -tnr, m., Braggart, 

Bragging. See Boast, Boaster, 

Braid, v.L, to fold or plait, miataim, 

-At) : to braid the hair, An jruias 

t>o miatafj. 
Braid, n., a band formed by the 

intertwining of different strands, 

•dual. g. and pi. -Ait, m. 
Braided, a., made into braids, 

THIAlAC, -Aije. 
Brain, n., the organ or seat of 

intellect, mcmn, -ne, /. 
Brainfag, n.. brain weariness, 

ctnrvfe, g. id. f. 
Brain fever, n., fever in which the 

brain is specially affected, éA^- 

cjmar cmn, m.; ^alari mcmne. 
Brainless, a., silly, thoughtless, (1) 

"oícéillroe, ind.; (2) nei- 

meabaineac ; pamamait, -tiita 


Brainpan, n., the skull, 01015 eAtm, 
-mn, pi. id., m. and gen. -gne, /. 

Brain-power, n., intellect, meAbAij\ 
cmn, /. 

Brake, n.. (1) a thicket of shrubs, 
(a) f5Aif\c, -e, -eACA, /.; (b) 
nunne, g. id., pi. -i, /.: where is 
thy nest in the brake ? cáic (cá 
aic) fA tiimne a bptnt *oo neAt) ? 
(L.B. 36) ; mume "orvaijin (Ir. 
Gl. 110), brake of blackthorns, 
also in Bk. of Armagh ; (c) 5A0|\- 
tAT), -aró, m, : 

The corn-crake in the brake, 
And no fail in his voice. 

An CfVA-OTlA A5 LAt)A1f\C yAW 5A0|\" 

1f JAn C|AAOÓAt) Af\ A 5lÓ|\. 

(2) An instrument for lessen- 
ing or stopping speed, (a) cofg, 
-A*m.; (b) cofsÁn, -Ám, m. 
Brakesman, n., one who works a 
brake, cof5ax)óifi, -óf\a, -ru, m. 


( 218 ) 


Bramble, n. (Bot.), any plant of 
the genus rubus, *o\\\r, -fe, 
-feACA, /., dim. *otufeó5, -óige, 
-05A, f. 

Brambleberry, n., the fruit of the 
blackberry bush, ymé&$, g. -éij\e, 

-A, f. 

Brambles, collec. n., xypye&c, g. 
-fig, m., also *Of\ift,eAc. 

Brambly, a., full of brambles, 
x>^yeAc, -fi§e. 

Bran, n., the broken coat of cereal 
grains when separated from the 
flour or meal, (1) bf\An, g. and 
pi. t>t\uin, ™- (.R. C. IX. 229) 
and t^iAti cfuntneACCA (Arch. I. 
329) ; (2) 5A-jibAn , #. and pi. -Am , 

m.; (3) sfiAntAc, A1 S> m ->' (4) 

cAf\f, g. and pi. caijvjv, -A, /. 
Branch, n., (1) of a tree, (a) cf\Aob, 

#. -oibe, pi. -a., and -aca, /., 

dim. cfVAooóg, -ói^e, -a, /.; (b) 

5é^5, éige, -a, /., dim séAgAti, fir. 

and pi. -Am, m.; (c) 5AbLÁn, -Am, 


(2) Of a family, (a) 5tún, -úwe, 

-a, /.; (b) s&X)Ál, -Aibte, -blA, f. 
Branch, v.i., to spread, ^hoot, 

ramify, (1) 56^5^1 m, -#6 ; (2) 

vAbtAitn, -d"ó ; (3) ^AbUnjitn, 

Branch, v.i., to divide branchwise, 

to adorn with branch, seAgtnjitii, 

Branches of a tree collectively, (1) 

c-|wmtAc, -A15 ; (2) bAf\f\AC, -A15 ; 

(3) bA^jvAgtAc, -A15, m.; (4) 

Branching, n:, dividing into 

branches, 5AbUigAt> -tn£ce, m. 
Branching, Branchy, a., full of 

branches, c^Aob ac, -Aige; geA^Ac, 

-Ai§e ; 5éA5Áu^c, -Ai§e ; 56^5- 

AriiAfl, -rhtA. 
Branchlet, n., (1) c^Aoibin, g. id., pi. 

-Hi, m.; (2) cfidoOós, -ói$;e, -a, /. 

Brand, n., (1) a burning piece of 
wood, (a) Aitmne, g. id., pi. 
-ne&'OA and -niT)e, /. : Aicnine 
cewcróe An gfvÁró, the fire-brand 
of love ; (b) bfVArm, -a, m., a 
live coal, fire (c/. Eng. Brand, 
%. and a.) ; (c) eAbAl, -Ait , m. 
(c/. Aibteó5, a live coal, and W. 
ufel, fire). 

(2) A seal or mark, -péAlA, g. 
id., pi. -aí, m.; cotfiAfitA, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m. 

(3) A sword, cLdróeAtíi, g. -'óitíi, 
pi. -'órhce, m. 

Brand, v.t., to mark with a brand, 

COtil A\\t U 151m, -ll^At). 

Branding, n., the act of placing a 
mark upon, coriiAf tn^AX), -injte, 

Brandish, v.t., (1) to wave or 
flourish as a weapon, t>o CfiAtA'o 
Aiionn if AnAtt ; (2) beA|ACui5im, 

-U5AT) ; (3) *OHlb^A1C1111, -ACA'O. 

Brandisher, n., one who brandishes, 

beAf\€Aif\e, g> id. 
Brandishing, n., the act of waving 

or flourishing, as a weapon, (1) 

cjvAtA'ó, g. and pi. c^Aitce, m.; 

(2) beAfcn^AT), -tnjte. m.; (3) 

THUb^ACAT), -Aicce, Wt. 

Brandy, ?i., an alcoholic liquor 
distilled from wine, (1) bjtAin- 
■pion, g. -a, pi. -UA, m.; (2) 
bfAinroA, #. id. m. 

Brangle, n. See Wrangle. 

Brass, n., (1) a metal, pt\Áf, g. 
pfvÁif ; úiiiA, g. id. m. 
(2) Impudence, -oáiiacc. 

Brassy, a., (1) made of brass, 

(2) Impudent, •oaiia. 

Brat, n., a term of contempt 
applied to a boy, (1) -OAittin, 
g. id., pi. -111, m.; also *oai1xíti 
(Con. and £7.) ; (2) biofAuAc, 
-A15, -Aige, m.j (3) cimteACÁn, 


( 219 ) 


-Ám, m. (Con.) ; (4) pucAC, -A15, 
m. (Con.) ; (5) cja Ann peAf An, 
-Am, m. (Or.). 

Bravado, n., boastful threatening, 
tnAOTOeAtfi, g. and pl. -T>ce, m.; 
bA^AjA, g. and pl. -aij\, m. 

Brave, a.. (1) heroic, (a) tAoc'óA, 
incZ.; (b) lAocAtúAiL, -iúLa ; (c) 
cti|\ACA, ind.; (d) cnfVAi'óeAc, 
-tnje ; (e) ^AifgeAtriAit, -mlA. 

(2) Mighty, (a) cAttnA, ind.; 
(b) C|\ót)A (pron. cjxógA, M. 
and Don.) ; (c) cféAn, -éme ; 

(CÍ) p01|AUeAítlAlt, -ítllA (Cf. L. 


(3) Daring, (a) t)ÁnA, iwd; (6) 
féA5t)A ; (c) "oíoUincA, ind. (G. 

Brave, w., a brave person, (1) 
pAfVAijxe, g. id., pl. -ní, m.; (2) 
pf\eAbAij\e, g. id., pl. -f\í, m. 

Bravely, ad., in a brave manner, 
(1) 50 CAttnA ; (2) 50 cfiót)A ; 
(3) 50 c|\éAii. 

Bravery, n., the quality of being 
brave, (1) caIitiacc, gen. and pl. 
-a, /.; (2) c|\ó-óacc (pronounced 
cnogAcc, M. and Don.) ; (3) 
jAifje, gen. id. m.; (4) ^aH, -e, 


Bravo ! int., excellent ! well done ! 
(1) ir b|\eÁj é ; (2) mo $tvÁt) 
tú ; (3) mo 50-ijum tu ; (4) mo 
j-jAArom choree tú ; (5) T)ia teAc ; 
(6) if mAit An Air a |\AbAif ; (7) 
buAró leAU. 

Brawl, n., (1) a noisy quarrel, 
T)iofpói|\eAcc, -a, /.; (2)cAifmi|\u 
-e, -i, /.; (3) im|\eAfÁn (cAmnce), 
gen. -Ám ; (4) $Leó, gen. gtiA-o, 
pl. 5Uax)A, m.; (5) uuAroiju;, gen. 
and pl. -t)eAj\CA, /.; (G) cottóix), 
-e, -eACA, /. (G. D.) ; (7) cAUÁn, 
-Ám, m. (Or.) ; (8) ciApÁit, 

-ÁtA, /. 

Brawler, n:, a wrangler, ciApÁUiróe, 
gen. id., pl. -t>te, m. 

Brawling, a., given to wrangling, 
(1) cottóroeAó, -tnje ; (2) ciAp- 
AtAC, -Aige. 

Brawn, n., the flesh of a boar, 
ctn|\ci?eóit, /. 

Brawny, a., muscular, peiteAc, 

Bray, v.t., to pound or bruise in 
a mortar, mionbjunjim, -irgAt). 

Bray, v.i., to make a loud harsh 
sound like an ass, feicmgim, 
-|\eAó : f eic|\eAó nó btAot)Utuc- 
fieAT) T)o ^éAnAtti mA|\ "oo *úé&n- 

-pAt) Af At. 

Braying, n., (1) making a harsh 
noise, feic|\eAc, -mge, -a, /.; (2) 
btAot)f\Act;, -a, /. (G. D.). 

Braze, v.t., to solder, cÁtAim te 
pfiÁf ; p|\ÁfAim, -At). 

Brazen, a., (1) made of brass, 
(a) p|AÁfT)A ; (b) pf\Áf ac, -Aije ; 
(c) nmAróe, tmiAc, -Aije. 

(2) Impudent, immodest, 
shameless, míonÁif\eAó, -m^e. 

Brazier, n., one who works in 
brass, (1) pj\ÁrAróe, gen. id., pl. 
-*óte, m.; (2) tnfiAif\e, gen. id., 
pl. -jvi, m. (G. D.). 

Breach, n., (1) the act of breaking; 
figuratively, an infraction or 
violation of the law, a contract, 
etc., bf\if eAT), gen. -fee, pl. id. m.: 
b|\ifeAt) tia fíotóÁnA, a breach 
of the peace ; breach of contract, 
bmr eA'ó comjitt (nó mAj^Aró) ; 
b. of faith, mícomjeAtt, -51U, 

(2) A break, gap or rent, 
beÁjmA, -aí, /. : OeÁjmA *oo 
•óéAiiAm 1 mbAilA. 

(3) A breaking in upon or 
attack. lUAróm, gen. mAi'miA, pl. 
mAtmiAtmA, m. and /. 

Bread, n.. an article of food made 
from flour or meal by moistening, 
kneading and baking, ajumi, g. 
and pl. -Am, m. : ajváii te ti-ice 


( 220 ) 


A^ur óatmc te cuf\ o|\m (Gen. 28, 
20); leavened b., AfiAn tAibín ; un- 
leavened b., Aj\An ftítn ; white, 
brown or household b., AfiAn 
geAt, fiuA'ó nó o$e ; the crust 
and crumb of b., -p^eAbóg A^tm 
uAor AfiAm ; rough kitchen b., 
ctAiii-puA-p, -aijv, m.; griddle, 
wheat, flour, rye, barley or oat- 
meal b., Aj\An 5f\eAT>Aille, cjunt- 
neACCA, pLúi^, feA^Ait, eófnAn 
nó coi|\ce ; slice of b. and butter, 
ceApAif\e, g. id., pi. -f\i, m. : b. 
and water, T>oibfuú, -e, /.; b. for 
the altar, AbtAnn, -Amne, -a, /.; 
when consecrated, AbtAnn corp- 
feAgúA ; wholemeal b., cAir^m, 
g. id. m. 

Breadth, n., distance from side to 
side, (1) teiteAT), g. and pi. -tvo, 
vi. ; (2) teitne, g. id. /.; (3) 
teitneAcc, -a, /.; (4) teAtAT>AC€, 
-a, /. ; (5) pA^ringe, /• (Or.). 

Break, v.t., (1) to strain apart, to 
fracture, b|\ifim, -fe-díó : to b. 
the law of God, -otige T)é t>o 
bfnr- eAt> ; do not b. your shins 
over a stool not in your way 
or never meet trouble half-way, 
nA bmr T)o tuijvpie Afi pcót nA 
pint to ftije ; it is better bend 
than b., ir peAj\tt túbAT> nA 
bjupeAT) ; may you b. and crush 
your bones, and may your skin 
not be sound, bjnf exú ir b^újAt) 

Af\ T>0 CtlAttlAlO 1f nAfAb ftAn A 

^Aib "oo CfvoiceAnn ; I b. the Sab- 
bath, bmrim -pAoi^e An T)omnAi5 ; 
to re-break, Aitbmrim ; to b. 
fast, céAtACAti t>o bmreAT) ; to b. 
silence, t>o 1adai|\c. 

(2) To break into bits, 
btoT)Aim, -At). 

(3) To rend, to burst, jvéAbAim, 
-ao (cf. V revó, I break in pieces, 
and réupo, I tear, break ; cf. 
Eng. reave, reaver, riever, reft, 

rob, robber, robbery ; cf. L. 

rumpo, I break). 

(4) To break or train a horse, 

fUA'OAim, -at) ; jviAT)inj;im, -ujAt) ; 

pp. |AiAT)tA (cf. B.LL. V. 212). 
Break, v.i., to come apart or divide, 

to burst asunder, b|Yifim, -feAT). 
Break, n., an opening, bmreAT), 

-fue, m.; b. of day, bfieACAT), 

-ctA, m. See Daybreak and 

Breakable, a., capable of being 

broken, (1) bwofs, g. s. /., 

bjnrge ; (2) f obmp ce. 
Breaker, n., a person that breaks, 

b^irceóitt, -ójia, -fú. 
Breakers, n., waves broken by rocks 

or sandbanks, rriAt)mAnnA ; nom. 

sing. rriArám ; gen. sing. mAT)niA, 

/. ; beif\beAT) mAjiA. 
Breakfast, n., the first meal of the 

day, (1) céAT)béile, g. id., pi. 

-IÍ, m.; (2) bficpeAfc, -eifu, 

-Ann a, m.; (3) ceAiDton^A, g. id., 

pi. -aí, m. (céAT> ton At), G. D.) ; 

(4) cúrton^A ; (5) euro ua mArone 

/.; (6) béile ua mAiT>ne, in.; (7) 

biAt) tiA mArone ; (8) cóat>- 

uomAitu, -e, -i, /. ; (9) céAT)- 

pj\oinn, -e, -i, /. 
Breakfast, u.£., to eat the first meal 

of the day, biAt) nA mArone *oo 

cAiteAtti ; céAtACAn *oo bfureAT). 
Breaking, act of, n., bwpeAt), -fee, 

m. : b. of the heart, b. choree. 
Breaking in or taming a horse, v.n. 

fl1AT>AT), -X)tA, m.', b|AéAT)AC, -A1j, 

m. (Din.) ; -|\iAT)n$AT), urgce, m. 
(B.LL. V. 212). 

Breakwater, n., any structure or 
contrivance at the mouth of a 
harbour to break the force of 
the waves, T>oij\lw5, -e, /. (Don.). 

Bream, n., a fresh-water fish of the 
genus abramis, (1) bAtlAc, -A15, 
-Aige, m.; (2) mttc juiAt), /. (Con.); 
(3) T>eA|\5Án, -Am, m.; (4) pu^Ac, 


( 221 ) 


-A15, -Aije, m.; (5) fiuAol, -oil, 
m. (Mayo) ; (6) bAllAn, -aw, m. 
(Don.) ; rock-bream, fniAol 
leice, i)i. (Mayo) ; speckled 
bream, *oocuúifi (Mayo) ; small 
species, leAcóg, /. (Mayo). 
Breast, n., (1) the fore part of the 
body, the chest, (a) ucc, g. and 
pi. -ca, m ; (b) the bosom, 
bfvotlAc, -A15, -Aije, m.: "péAf\tA 
An iDfottAij t)Ám "; (c) ctiAb, g. 
ctéib, m.; (d) bfunnne, #. id, /.; 
(e) bjAÁgAro, g. -at> and -e, /., 
but only the upper part ; the 
depression just above the breast- 
bone is poll ua b^ÁjAroe. 

(2) A woman's breast, (a) cioc, 
gen. cice, pi. -a ; b. milk, bAinne 
cíce ; at the foot of The Paps 
(a mountain in Kerry), pAoi bun 
ax\ X)Á Cíc ; (b) fine, gen. id., pi. 
-ni, /.; (c) cín (cícín), gen. -e, 
/. : b. milk, bAinne bin : give 
the breast to the child, cAbAin 
av\ cin t»on teAnb ; (d) T>ro -e, 
-eAnnA, /'., dims, -oroín, "oroeós. 

(3) The heart as the seat of 
consciousness, passions and affec- 
tions, the repository of secret 
thoughts, choree, gen. id., --óte, 
m. : to keep a thing in one's 
breast, nró *oo congbÁil 1 gc^oráe 

(4) Anything resembling the 
human breast, as the breast of 
a hill, uccÁn, -Ám, m.; breast- 
work, bftollAC, -A15, -Ai£e, m. 

Breast-beam (in weaving or iii a 
locomotive), n., ^A^mi-iccA, g. 
id., pi. -Ah m. 

Breastbone, n., the sternum, clÁn 
An ucca ; falling of the breast- 
bone, c\\ÁX) cporóe. 

Breath, n., the air inhaled and 
exhaled in respiration, AnÁt, 
-Áite -áíac, pi. -41a, [. and 
(cf. W. anddl ; Corn, anal ; 

Skr. anila, wind), also m., g. 
and pi. -Ail : under her b., (a) 
■pÁ n-A bAnÁit ; (b) pÁ n-A 
pActAib (idiom) ; the b. of life, 
AnÁl ua beACA ; he will not suffer 
me to draw my b., ní -ptnleónsuro 
(also puilnjeocAit)) fé -óAtn 
m'AnÁl T>o tAfv^Amj (Job 9, 18) ; 
to the last b., 50 "oci An AnÁit 
•oéi-óeAnAíg ; the last b. of life, 
r5f i>0 > ~ e > /•/ shortness of b., (a) 
réroeÁn, -Am, m.; (b) juiyAn, 
-Ám, m. (Or.). 

Breastplate, n., (1) a plate of metal 
covering the breast, (a) uca- 
éroe, g^ id. m.; (b) éroe ptÁcA, 
g. id. m. 

(2) A strap that goes across 
a horse's breast, ucc^c, -A15, m. 

Breathable, a., such as can be 
breathed, foAnÁicA. 

Breathe, v.i., to inhale and exhale 
air, (1) AnÁl *oo tA^^Amg. 

(2) To infuse by breathing on 
or into, í?éroitn, -"oe^x) : "oo féix) 
fé ojACA (John 20, 22). 

Breathe, v. j ., (1) to respire, ÁnÁlAim; 
-At), also AiiAltnjnn. 

(2) To infuse by breathing, 
féroim, -*oeAT) : he breathed into 
his nostrils the breath of life, 
"oo féra [AnOjeAjuiA] at\u Abpoll 
WóriA AnÁi nA beAtAT) (Gen. 2, 7), 

Breathing, n , respiration, aiiáLvó, 

-Ica, m.; A^:\\\\%Ai), -ui$te in.; 

cAfifAing Anáile. 
Breathing-time, n., a short rest, 

fgit, -e, /.: iAb, /.; Aoib, /.; 

1A-ÓAT), m.; poi^f, m. (111. t>.). 
Breathless, a., out of breath, (1) 

Ay A11Á1I ; (2) neArhAnálAó ; (3) 

Breathlessness, n.\ the state of 

being out of breath, n-e^m- 

AnÁlACC, -CA, /. 


( 222 ) 


Bred (brought up), imp. and pp. 
of Breed, (1) cAbAfCA -puAr ; (2) 
oilxe ; (3) cójca ruAf (U.). 

Breech, n., the hinder part of the 
body, (1) con, g. and pi. cóua, 
dat. com, /.; (2) WAtt, -Aitle, /. 
(G. D.) ; (3) 510T>-Án, -Ám, m. 

Breeches, n., trousers, pantaloons, 
(1) b|\ifce, o/. id., pi. -ci, m.; also 
Ofúfcróe and Ofurci, p£. ; (2) 
c^mbA-p, -Atf , wi. ; éAT>Aó mA^A, 
m., and paíaca nMjturóe are used 
in Tyr. for breeches as distinct 
from trowsers. Knee-breeches. 
See in vocabulary. 

Breeching (in harness), n., bnípce, 
g. id., pi. -ci, m. 

Breed, n., (1) race, (a) cine, g. id. 
m., also cmeAt>, -nró, m. : ah 
cmeA'ó *oAonnA, the human race ; 

(b) clAnn, -Amne, -a, /., gen. also 
ctomne ; (c) -piotfVAC, -A15, m.; 
(íí) pój\, -óin, m. .' another plant 
of the b. of crime, ptAtnvoA eite 
x>e pó|\ ua tocc (B. O'H.). 

(2) Kind or class, (a) cméAt, 
#. and pí- -néit, cmeÁt, Áit, m.; 
(6) sue, #. id., jal f -ice, /.; (c) 
•oúccAf , g. and pi. -CAip, m.; (d) 
miAUAc : is he of good b., au 
bpnit nuAnAc niAic Ann ? ; he is 
of bad b., if otc An miAUAc acá 
Ann ; also > o^oictúiAtiAc. 

(3) In stock-raising, -potAro- 
eAcc. -a, /. : a thoroughbred 
horse, cApAtt polAroqACCA. 

Breed, v.t., (1) to produce, as off- 
spring, to beget, to generate, 
■píot-fuujim, -njA-o. 

(2) To bring up, (a) orUm, v.n. 
oiieAn'iAiri ; (b) beAtu 151 m, -115 at> ; 

(c) cocvugnn, -hjat) ; (í?) cógAim, 

(3) To train up, to educate, (a) 
CAbfvAim ftiAf ; (b) ruinmm, -neAt). 

Breed, v.i.. to bear and nourish 
young, fíolAim, -a-o : that they 

may b. abundantly on the earth, 
lonnnr 50 rioVpAro 50 UonriiAjt 
A|\ An "ocALArh (Gen. 8, 17). 

Breeder, n., one who or that which 
breeds, ríoturóe, g- id-, pi. -"óce, 
m.; cuirmi5ceóij\, -ófiA, -fví, m. 

Breeding, n., (1) propagating, 
fíotAT), -tcA, m. 

(2) Bringing up, (a) CAbAij\c 
ruAf ; (0) cocugAt), -tn£ce, ?n.; 
(c) oiteAitiAin, 0/. -rim a, /. 

(3) Education, (a) múmeAT), #. 
-úmce, m.; (5) múmceAcc, -a, /.; 
(c) pojUnm, gr. -UimcA and -lAmA, 
pi. -Umne, /. 

(4) Manners, (á) béAfA, pi. m.; 
(b) uAifteAcc, -a, /. : there is 
nothing in her but uppishness 
without b. or moral excellence, 
ni't mnci acc eijxjro 1 n-Ái|Voe 
5An uAirteACC ^au rubÁiLce. 

Breeze, n., a light gentle wind, (1) 
5A0C ponnpuAfi ; (2) roignéAn 
fénú, m.; (3) -pojAoc, -oice, -a, 
/.; (4) 5Aoicfeó5, -ótge, -a, /.; 
(5) peoicne, g. id. f. (cf. Sc. 
peotAu. -peocACAn, a little breeze) : 
dim. -peoicnín, acá peoicne V)e&s 

£t1Aj\ A5 CeACC 1f CeAC An T)0|\A1f 

mom ; (6) peocAm, -An a, /.; 
(7) teóicne, /., soft, light wind 
(P. O'L.) ; (8) tóicne, /. (Din.); 
(9) píonÁn, -Ám, m.; (10) pof|\At), 
-Ait), m. (Do^. and T7/r.) ; (11) 
■pfiocA. g. id. m. (Mayo) ; (12) 
•oAjA^, -Aif\, -51ACA, m, 

Breezeless, a., destitute of breezes, 
neAmgAoctfiAfu -Ai|\e. 

Breezy, a., having breezes, gAoc- 
riiAn. -Ai|\e ; -pionn-pnA^, -Aifve ; 


Brehon, n., an ancient Irish judge. 

bf\eiceArii, -mAn, pi. -niAin, dpi. 

-rhnAib, m. 
Brethren, n., pi. of brother when 

speaking of religious fraternities 

or sects, bfu\icne ; pi. of bjiÁtA 


( 223 ) 


a brother, a friar : the words or 
the precepts would not support 
the friars, ní coiteóóAt> ha 
bfiéitfe nA b^Uit-pe. 
Breviary, n., a book of canonical 
prayers, (1) ponutif, -tuf, m., 
also pojvcuf . 

Brevity, n., (1) conciseness, Atctmi- 
Aif\eAcc. -a, f. 

(2) Shortness of duration, (a) 
sjAifAroeAcc, -a, /.'; (b) goijwoe, 
</. id. /. 

Brewer, n., (1) one who brews, 
5fút)4ifie #ett. ic?., pi. -jn, m. ; 
(2) ceijvbfeóitt, -ójva, -f\í (G. D.), 
(c/. cervisia) ; (3) bjnbéin, -éA^A, 
-|\í, m. 

Brewers' grains, (1) bttAiceAf, 
-cif , m.; (2) C|Aiof5, gen. -a and 
-^e-áfsA, pi. id. m.; (3) u^iofgtAc, 
-ai<§, m. 

Brewing, n., (1) act of brewing, (a) 
5HtroAij\eAcu, -a, /.; (b) t>|\iti)éi^- 
cacc, -a, /. 

(2) The gathering of a storm, 
nautical or domestic, bjuiccgAit, 
-e, /. : the storm was b., >oo bi 
fcoifim Ag b^uccjAit. 
Briar. See Brier. 

Bribe, n., a reward, gift or favour 
intended to corruptly influence 
conduct, (1) bnib, gen. -be, f. ; 
(2) in Munster, b|\eAb,, 
-Ann a, /'. : amount of the b., 
yiACA (nó mere) nA bneibe ; (3) 
V&icedLL, -citt, m. : one who 
takes a b., pAiceAtlAc, -A15, pi. 
id. m.; (4) T>uAif, -e, -eAnnA, /. : 
death takes no b., £& nglACAnn 
An bÁf "ouAif (Or.) ; (5) ctnriA, 
g. id., pi. id, -incA, m. (G. D.) ; 
they took bribes and perverted 
judgment, "oo jtACA*OAn cúrhA 
A^uf *oo ctAonA'OAf bf\eiteAmnAf 
(1 Sam. 8, 3). 

Bribe, v.L, to give a bribe to, 
b|\eAbAim, -ax) (M.) ; bjAiobAim, 
-at) (Don.). 

Briber, n., (1) bjteAbAine, g. id., 
pi. -|\i, m.; (2) b|ieAbA > oói|\, -ó|\a, 
-jví, m.; (3) f Aobcóin, -ó|\a, -ní, m. 

Bribery, n., the act of giving or 
taking bribes, bneAbAi|\eAcu, 

-UA, /. 

Bribing, a., giving bribes, bne^bAc, 

Brick, n., a block of tempered clay 

moulded into form and burned 

in a kiln, bjvice, gen. id., pi. 

-cí, m. O Áic Annfo 50 "OttiscAfi 

" At ua t)nící " aij\. t)íot) b|\ící 

•oá T)éAnAiii Ann pAT)ó (UófvnA). 
Brick-bat, n., a piece or fragment 

of a brick, bj\ice, g. id., pi. 

-ci, m. 
Brick-kiln, n., a kiln in which 

bricks are burned, Áiconíce ; 

fO]An nA mbnící. 
Bricklayer, n., one who builds with 

bricks, fAOfi bfúce. 
Brickmaker, n., one who makes 

bricks, b|\íceAT)ói|\, -ój\a, -f\í, m. 
Bridal, a., of or relating to a 

wedding, pófCAó, -Aige. 
Bridal, n., a marriage, pójwó, 

-fCA, m. 
Bride, n., (1) a woman newly 

married, beAn ntiA'ópófCA, gen. 

mnÁ ntiA*ópófUA, /.; (2) bAin- 

céite, /.; (3) btnsroeós, -ói^e, 

-a, /.; (4) bnroe^c, -xnje, -a, /.; 

(5) b^íTíeóg, /.; (6) beAn ha 

bAmnre ; (7) beAn bAmnf e, gen. 

nmÁ bAinnfe ; (8) bAn nuáCAn, /. 
Bride-cake, n., (1) a wedding cake, 

cífce nA bdmnr-e ; (2) cífce 

b|\i5iT)eói5e; (3) bultóg tu bfunnn- 

itte (Con.) ; (4) cáca ha bjn^TO- 

eóige (Or.). 
Bridegroom, n., (1) a man newly 

married, peAfv nuA*ópófCA, »?. ; 

(2) jreAjA nA bAinn^e. 


( 224 ) 


Bridesmaid, n., a girl who attends 
a bride, curiiAt t>áía ; bean 
conrroeAccA, /. 

Bridesman, n., the " best man," 
(1) ACAin tmIa ; (2) peAf\ coirrvo- 
eAccA, m. 

Bridewell, n., a house for the 
confinement of disorderly per- 
sons, (1) fiiA-otArm, gen. -tAinne, 
pi. -a, /.; r*niAC€lAnn, /. 

Bridge, n., a structure to form a 
passage over a watercourse; 
•ofoiceAt), gen. and pi. -cro, m. : 
asses' bridge, T)n oiceAT) nA n-Af At, 
bridge of the nose, fnómtmi, 
•oin nA f jAóriA ; bridge of a comb, 
bfcoAn ci|\e (O'Beg.). 

Bridget, ft., a woman's name, 
t^ijro. -g-oe, /. 

Bridle, n., a piece of harness for 
a horse, consisting of a headstall, 
bit and reins, fjuAn, gen. -Am, 
pi. -ncA and -aw, m. ; gen. also 
f peine, /. ; the headstall, reins 
and bit of a bridle, ceAnnnAC, 

AjAATttlA &S U Y héAlV)AC ff\1AW 

Bridle, v.t, to put a bridle on, 

also to restrain wrath, as with 

a bridle, ff\i Arm 151m, -115^*0. 
Bridle-bit, n., the iron part of a 

bridle which is put into the 

mouth of the horse, béAtbAC, 

-A15, -Aije, m. 
Bridled, a., restrained or checked, 

fjMAncA, ind. 
Bridle-maker, n., one who makes 

bridles, nAUACÁn, -Áin, m., from 

nAtt an old word for bridle and 

Bridling, v.n., to restrain or govern, 

as with a bridle. rniAnA'ó, -ncA, 

Brief, a., short, concise, (1) seAnp, 

comp. poppA ; (2) curnAip, -e ; 

(3) AccumAiji, -e ; (4) soipnro (no 

5Aif |\1T)), -e, and 510^ ; (5) 

Atgoiffi-o, -e ; (6) AitjeApp „ 


To he brief, An rjjéAt *oo cun 
1 n-Aon pocAt Am Ám. 

Brief, n., (1) an abridgment or 
epitome, Aicgeinne, g. id. f. 

(2) For counsel, (a) cwrmp, 
-e, f. (G. D.) ; (b) %A\zm, g. id., 
pi. -ni, m. (P. S.). 

Briefness, n,, conciseness in dis- 
course or writing, AtctimAij\eAcc r 
-a, /. 

Brier, n., a thorny plant with a 
slender woody stem, esp. of the 
species rubus, rosa and smilax, 
(1) "onir, -re, -feACA, /., dim. 
"OfAipeoj, -orge, -a, /. : ní bíonn 

AW "OpTfeÓg. "DO |\61|\ niAf\ AT)eif 

"OAome, acc cni btiATmA T)'Aoif ; 
pn btiA'óAm A5 j?Ár, bti<vóAin t 
mbtc\t A^uf btiAt)Ain A5 cnionAt» 
(P. L.) ; it is a pity your mouth 
was not sewn with a brier I 
ir CfuiAj nÁ |\Aib xyo béAt rviAijce 
te *0|\ifeói5 ! ; (2) p^eAC, gen. 
rjeice, pi. fjeACA, /.; sweet- 
brier, roifvónif, /.; f5eAC-CUtflf\A, 
gen. rgeice-, pi. rgeACA-. /.; dog- 
brier, comx)nif , /.; f5eAcn'iAT)|\A, /. 

Briery, a., full of briers, (1) -onir- 
eAtiuMt, -mtA : (2) r^eACÁnAc,. 

Brig, n., a two-masted square- 
rigged vessel, UiAt-ton5, g. tuAt- 
Unnse, /. 

Brigade, n., a body of troops con- 
sisting of two or more regiments, 
(1) buróeAn f AijTmnp, g. and pi. 
-■one, dat. -*óin, /.; (2) bjwnjéAT),. 
-era, pi. id. m. 

Brigadier-General, n., an officer 
who commands a brigade, uAoif- 
eAc bjAAoijero Ainm (O'Beg.). 

Brigand, n., a highwayman, a free- 
booter, (1) fiATHiróe, g. and pi. 
-'óte. 'in'.'; (2) reap nAplige móif\e- 


( 225 ) 


Brigandage, n., highway robbery, 
■plA'OAróeAcu, -a, f. 

Brigantine, s. See Brig. 

Bright, a., (1) emitting light, (a) 
radiating or reflecting light, (i) 
tonnjvAo, -Ai£e : the b. light in 
the clouds, An foUif LonnfAC 
Annf 11 a néAltAib (Job 37, 21); (ii) 
■oeAlXpAC, -Ai$e, also •oeALLfunj;- 
ceAc, -ti$e : I am the b. morn- 
ing star, if tnife féAlc t>. nA 
niAi-one (Rev. 22, 16) ; (iii) 
Sjuaivoa, ind.; (iv) f\éitceAó, 
-cige ; (b) shedding or having 
much light, luminous, (i) roiLL- 
feAc, -fije : he scattered his 
b. cloud, *oo ffeAtAij ré a néAll 
fouXfeAc (Job 37, 11) ; (ii) tAr- 
riiA-p, -Ai|\e ; (iii) LócfiAnnAc, -Aije; 
(iv) tAf AriiAit, -nitA : the fire 
was b„, do bi An ceme tAfAriiAit 
Ezek. 1 13) ; (c) luminous, (i) 

fOtAf AC, -A1je ', (ÍÍ) fOlAf tllAIA, 

-Ai|\e ; (d) not dark, rojicA, ind., 
the opp. of "oo|\ca, dark. 

(2) Transmitting light, (a) 
clear or transparent, as water 
or glass, (i) $lAn, -Aine ; (b) 
bright, as silver or brass, (i) 
geAi, g. s. f. 5ite ; (ii) $té, ind. 
now only used in composition 
as stéjeAl. glé^lAn ; bright 
brass, p^Af ^téjlAn (1 Kings 7, 
45) ; (iii) •oeAttfu.ujiceAc, -tije : 
he made his arrows b,, *oo pintle 
ré a fAi$-oe *o. (Ezek. 21, 21), 
(cf. éA-OAc "oeALLfungteAC (Acts 
10, 30) ; (iv) toinneAjróA, ind. 
(2 Chron. 4, 16). 

(3) Sparkling with wit, merri- 
ment or vivacity, (a) merry, 
foitbi|\. -b|ie; (b) vivacious, (i) 
beórAC, -Ai§e ; (ii) rÁHoe. ind.: 
(c) witty, r ulcriiAjA. -Ai|\e ; (d) 
pleasant, (i) CAitneAriiAC, -Ai§e ; 
(ii) rAtcneAriiAit, -mu\ ; bright- 

eyed, wide-awake, r tulAibij, also- 
fcuAtriA, ind. 

(4) Manifest to the mind, clear, 
evident, roiléif\, -e., also téi|\, -é.. 

(5) glorious, 5tó|\iíiA}\, -Aipe, 
the brightest days in Irish 
history, v\a tAete bA 5lój\rhAipe 
1 ruAi|\ ha nGi|\eAnn. 

Brighten, v.t.. (1) to shed light 
upon, foiltfijmi, -U15AT). 

(2) To make bright, (a) seat- 
Aim, -At), also seAttiiguri', -115AT) ; 
(b) mAriunjim, -ugAT), also tuaiíi- 
Aim, -At). 

Brightening, ft., the act of making 
bright, (1) foittfmjAT), -rijce, 
m.; (2) 111AITIAT), -riitc\, my; (3) 
^eAlAt), -LuA, m. 

Brightness, ft'., state of being bright, 
(1) roiltre, g. id. /.; (2) pie, g* 
id. /.; (3) niAiiiAf, -Air, m.; (4) 
CAitneAtfi, -turn, m.; (5) 5LuAij\e, 
g. id. /.; (6) 5UiAi|\eAcc, -a, /.; 
(7) léif\e, g. id., f. 

Brilliance, Brilliancy, n.. great 
brightness, whether actual or 
figurative, roitXre(Acc), /.; ste- 
rile, g. id. [.; tommp. -e. /. 

Brilliant, a., sparkling with lustre, 
(1) gté^eAt, -jite ; (2) lonnAfvóA, 
ind., also LoirmeAjvoA ; (3) niAnV 
•ÓA, ind.; (4) funcneAc. -mje ; 
(5) "oeAtl-pAc, -Ai^e ; (6) polAr ac, 
-Aije ; lAom-oA, ind. (Or). 

Brim, n., (1) the upper edge of a 
vessel, (a) riof\AT), -ato, -Aroe, 
m.; (b) reóifv -ój\ac, -ópACA. /. 
(see Border) : turn An leAnb A|\ 
pof\AT) ah oopcAm, the child fell 
on the brim, edge or rim of the 
pot ; (c) boimbédi, -éiL, -a, m. : 
full to the brim, tan 50 bonnbéAt 
(111. t>.) ; (d) mieAU, -ill. mi, 

(2) The brink of a fountain 
or river, b|AUAc, g. -aic, pi. -aca, 
m. : March will fill them (the 


( 226 ) 


streams) to the brim, UonjMrú 
An IVlÁncA 50 bntiAc ia*o. 

(3) Of a basket, bumne, g. id., 
pi. -ni, m. 

(4) Of any vessel, bÁnn, -Áinn : 
fill it to the brim and put a 
heap on it, Lion 50 bÁnn é A^ur 
cmn cnuAC (also mAoit) aij\. 

Brimful, ft., full to the brim, (1) tom- 
LÁn, -tÁme ; (2) CAorgAó, -Aije. 

Brimless, ft., having no brim, (1) 
neimpionAc, -Aige ; (2) nenfi- 
imeAtlAc, -Aije ; (3) 5 An imeAtt ; 
(4) 5^n ciutfiAir, 

Brimmer, n., a bumper, (1) ^tome 
tionuA ; (2) giome tan. 

Brimstone, n., sulphur, ntnb, #. -e, /. 

Brindled, ft., having dark spots or 
streaks on a brown, grey or 
tawny ground, (1) niAbAc, -Aibce: 
the [wild] days of the brindled 
cow, i^eteAncA r\& niAibce ; (2) 
bneAC, corny, bfuce ; (3) r cníocAó, 
-Aije ; (4) "oonnbAllAó nó bneAc- 
bAttAc ; (5) jnírponn. 

Brine, n., (1) the ocean, the water 
of the sea or a salt lake, rÁile, 
gen. id. m. (Fel. Oen. 1905), /. 
(Mn. 168). 

(2) Water strongly impreg- 
nated with salt, tnr^e soinc. 

(3) Tears, T>eónA. 

Bring, v.t., (1) to convey, carry, 
fetch, (ft) T)o beimm, v.n. bneic : 
if a man b. you into bondage, 
t>a mbeinró T>uwe 1 ntMoinre rib 
(2 Cor. 11, 20) ; I will b. more 
upon Dimon, t>o béAnrAit) mé 
ctntieAiri a\\ > Óimon (Isa. 15, 9) ; 
them will I b. to my holy moun- 
tain, x>o béAfvpAit) mé ia*o *oom 
fUAb nAorhcA (Isa. 56, 7) ; what 
brings Sadhbh walking through 
the fair, cat» T>obein SAt)b a$ 
fmbAt An AonAig (P. O'L.) ; I 
wondered what brought you out 
[caused you to be out] so late, x>o 

bi longnAt) of m cat) T)obein Aming 
corn T)éit)eAnAc tú ; (b) uAbnAim, 
v.n. cAbAifvc : b. him with thee, 
CAbAi|\ teAU é (2 Tim. 4, 11) ; 
b. him hither to me, cAbnAit) 
cugAtnr a Annro é (Mat. 27, 16) ; 
b. and we will drink, uAbjvAit) 
Ajjur ibeAm (óVpAiriAoiT)), (Amos 

4, 1); a colt tied whereon never 
man sat, loose him and b. him, 
r eAjAjVAc ceAn5Ail.ce An nÁn f tut) 
Aon "onine niAtfi, f^Aoilit) é A^jur 
cAb^Ait) lib é (Mark 11,2); them 
also must I b., CAictit) mé iat) 
fin Leir (also rór) *oo tAbAinc 
Viom (Joftn 10, 16) ; b. of the 
fish which ye have now caught, 

CAbjAAIT) tib CI11T) T)en lAfg T)0 

$AbAbAin Anoif (John 21, 10) ; 
b. me my sword, cAbAin cnjAm 
mo clAiiDeAm (O'Beg.) ; [she] to 
b. away the whole story, 10m- 
LÁme An rgéil X)o ú^bAinc téi 
(P. O'L.). 

(2) To draw, persuade, lead, 
induce, (ft) uA]\nAins;im, v.n., 
cAf |\Ain5 : you have a mind to 
b. the blood of this man upon 
us, if miAn Lib rtnl An *otnne 
reo *oo úA|A|\Ain5 onAmne (Acts 

5, 28) ; do not b. him down 
on you, 11Á uAf|\Ain5 one é ; (b) 
idiom : how did he b. himself 
to do it, cionnur ruAin ré Ann 
rém é x)o 'óéAnAm. 

Bring about, bring to pass, 
effect, perform, accomplish, *oo 
beinmi (nó uAbn^nn) cum cnice : 
and I will b. it to pass, "oo béAn- 
-pAit) mé cum cfvíce é (Isa. 46, 11); 
that he may b. to pass his act, 
50 *ociubnAro cum cnice a jniom 
(Isa. 28, 21) ; to b. back, -oo 
cAbAinc cAn n-Air . 

To bring down, (1) to abase : 
high looks shall be brought 
down, T)o béAnrAn nA ruile nó- 


( 227 ) 


ajvoa AtuiAf ; (2) to cause to 
descend : I will b. them down 
as the fowl of the air, t>o béAf- 
pAit) mé fíof iat> auiaiL éAnLAit 
neirhe (Hos. 7, 12). 

To bring forth, (1) as fruit or 
young : and she shall b. forth 
a son, A^Uf T)o bé-dfvpAiT) fí rriAc 
(Mat. 1. 23) : b. forth therefore 
fruit, a\\ ah ÁT>bA|\ fin CAbf\Ait) 
cojvat) (Mat. 3, 8) ; to b. a child 
into the world, LeAnb t>o tAX>- 
aijau cum An cf aojaiL ; (2) to 
bring to light, to make manifest, 
T)o tAbAij\c cum foLuir. 

Bring forward, (1) to adduce, 
to introduce or propose : do not 
b. the subject forward, nÁ cAf\f- 
Ainj AnuAf é ; (2) to hasten, to 
promote, to forward, -oo bj\eit 


To bring home, (a) b. him 
home with you, cAbAif LeAu 
ADAMe é ; (b) to prove con- 
clusively : the evil deed was 
brought home to him by the 
evidence of the facts them- 
selves, cu^At) ADAMe ciuge An 
T>\\oicoeA]\r te *oeimn 11154*0 An 
neite pern. 

(3) To cause one to feel, know 
or appreciate by experience : to 
b. a child to know good from 
evil, LeAnb x>o tÁbAM^z cum Aitne 
ua mAiteAf a f eACAf An tnlc ; 
this brought him to realize his 
sin. cti$ fo é cum Aitne a 
peACAi-ó (O'Beg.); upon second 
thoughts his conscience brought 
it home to his own case, a|\ 
n-Atpn uAineAt) C115 a co^uAf 
At)Aile é cum a cÁir péw (0' Beg.). 

To bring in, to fetch from 
without : let him that is wet 
b. in the water, ah ré acá £tiuc 
CADfiAt) ré An c-uirge irceAC. 

To bring off, (a) to bear or 

convey a thing away with you 
juro T)o b|\eit Ledc ; (b) to clear 
from condemnation, mnne x>o 

CAbA1|\U fAOfl Ó C01f\ ; (C) tO 

cause to escape, to b. one from 
the gallows, t>o mnne tAbAifc ón 

To bring on the stage, -oume 
•oo tAbAifc aja An 5ClÁ|\ (O' Beg.). 

To bring out : b. them out to 
us, cAbAi]A auiac cugAinne ia*o ; 
[he] to succeed in bringing out 
the words, ua rocAiL x>o tAOAifc 
Leir (P. O'L.). 

To bring over, to fetch or 
carry across to here, uAbAi|\ 
An all é ; take it over to there, 
beif\ Anonn é. 

Bring to, to fetch : he asked 
them to b. the priest to him, 

T)'lAjUA fé Oft A A11 fA$A|1C "OO 

tAbAi|\c cuige ; b. him to me, 
CAbAif cujjAm é. 

To bring to, to resuscitate, 
T)ume T)o caoai|ac ctnge pém. 

To bring together, to collect : 
neite t>o tADAifc 1 gceAnn a 
céiLe : I b. together, (a) bAiLigim, 
-U15AT) ; (b) cfunnmjim. -U15AT) ; 
(e) ciomrurgim, -115AÍ) ; (d) oon- 
ótAim, v.n. cionóL. 

To bring under, to subdue : 
you will b. me to the dust again, 
oéAjvpAró cú cum An LuAitmt) 
Afvír mé ; I will b. clown their 
strength to the earth, DéAfpAró 
mé a ne<\|\€ rior 50 "oui ah 


To bring up, (a) to carry up- 
ward : bei-fum ruAf : and bring 
them up to Mount Hor, -] caoaij\ 
fUAf 50 SLiad r1oj\ 1AT) (Num. 
20. 25) ; (b) nurse, rear, educate, 
(i) oiUm, v.n. oiteAn'iAin ; (ii) 
CAbfAim no có^Aim ruAf : a 

CAbA1f\€ fUAf ; A tÓ^AinC f UAf, 

his briugiug up, his education. 


( 228 ) 


To bring ivith, x>o bf\eit teip : 
b. him with you, beif teAz é, 
when a person is going alone ; 
we brought the summer with us, 
cu5-AtnA|\ péiri An zr-Am\\At> Vmn 
(Se^n -ArhjvÁri) ; zaYjam(\ teAZ é, 
bring it with you (as we are going) 

Brinish, a., somewhat salt, (1) 
Stn^c, -e ; (2) ^AlAnnttA, ind. 

Brink, n., the edge or margin of 
a steep place, also of a river or 
pit, (1) bfuiAc, gen. -aic, pi. -a, 
m. : on the b. of the river, a\< 
X)]\uac nA iiADAtin (Ex. 2, 3) ; the 
b. of the lake, bfiu-Ac au Ioca ; 
(2) píofvbÁfm, g. and pi. -Á^\\, m.: 
to be on the very b. of the 
precipice, t>o beic a\\ po\\V)Á^ 
riA i£A\\le (O'Beg.) ; (3) ciutf>Aif , 
-e, pi. -nip a and -eACA, f. : b. 
of the stream, c. An zy\\oza. 

Briny, a., partaking of the nature 
of brine, (1) guific, -e ; (2) 
YaXatixyoa, ind. 

Briony, n, See Bryony. 

Brisk, a., (1) full of liveliness and 
activity, quick or spirited in 
motion or action, (a) zApAm, 
-"óe ;" (b) "SAyzA, ind.; (c) biog- 
AtúAil, -mtA ; (d) meA^ÁnioA, 
ind.; (e) h^o^ÁnzA, ind.; (/) 
b^e-AitifAiic-A, ind. (Or.). ; me^n, 
gsf. rm^e ; (h) lx\t\r\A\\, -Ai]\e. 

(2) Full of spirits or life, (a) 
~beóx)A, ind.; (b) beotMriiAit, 
-rhtA ; (c) rnerofeAC, -nije ; (d) 
heAZA\x\A\l, -mtA ; redrpAriiAit, 

Brisket, n., the fore part of an 

i animal, as of a cow or horse, 

W ucc, -a, m. 

Briskness, n., (1) liveliness, beó*ó- 

ACZ, -A, f. 

(2) Vigour in action, biox>5Arh- 
Iacz, -za, f. ; lútmA^\\eAcz, -a, f. 

(3) Quickness, zApAmeAcz, 
-a, f. 

(4) Gaiety, mempeAcz, -a, f. ; 
meróin, --one^c and 'one. /. 
Bristle, n., the coarse stiff hair on 
the back of swine, ^u^ine, gen. 
id., pi. -ní, m.; -^uA^eAc (coll.), 
gen. -ni$e, /., is also applied to 
the hair on a horse's tail and 
the spines of a porcupine, gtiAin- 
e^c cApAiti, 5. 5|AÁiueói5e, as 
well as 5. mtnce ; a bristly or 
hairy person or thing is often 
called 5 uai nebcin. 

Bristle, v.i., to show defiance 

cotgAim, ~At> : he bristled up, t>o 

ctnn ré cot.5 ^ 1 ! 1 "Péin. 
Bristly, a., full of bristles, (1) 

5tiAineAc, -fi$e ; (2) ntiAinneac, 


Britain, n., England, SAfAnriA, g. 
id. m. 

British, a., of or pertaining to 
Great Britain, S^win^c, -Aije. 

Briton, n., a native of Great 

Britain, SAfAtmAc, -A15, -Aije, 

British woman, bniotós, -ói£e, 

-A, f. 

Brittle, a, easily broken, (1) bniofs,, 
comp. bnirse ; (cf. Bret, bresq.) 
(2) roibnirce. 

Brittle things, bnior<5tAc, -A15, m. 

Brittleness, n., aptness to break, 
(1) foib|AifceAcc, -za, /.; (2) 

Broach, n., a spit, bion, gen. bin 
or veA\\A, pi. beA]\A,. m. 

Broach, v.t., (1) to b. or tap a 
vessel, -poijceAC "oo pottAT) no 

(2) To b. a heresy, einiceACc 
vo tionny^n At> ; einiceAcc *oo 
bnúcuAt) nó t)o noczAi) (O'Beg.). 

(3) To b. or put on a spit, 
cuinnu a\< bion. 


( 229 ) 


Broad, a., (1) wide, opp. to narrow, 
leAtAn, -eicne. [The correct 
com p. is teite. — Uó|mA]. (c/. W. 
llydan ; Bret, leadan ; Com. 
leadan ; L. latus) : 'tis as b. as 
'tis long, axzá fé com y&x>A com 
teACAn ; to the b, wall, 50 ntnge 
An mbAtlA teAtAn (Nell. 12, 38) ; 
in the b. ways, my ua ftrgtib 
leAtAriA (Neh. 2, 4) ; it is broader 
than the sea, ir* Leitne é nÁ An 
■pAifiAge (Job 11, 9). 

(2) Extending far and wide, 
poijvteAtAn, -teicne. 

(3) Extended in the sense of 
diffused, as daylight, LÁncfotAf 
An tAe. 

(4) Having a broad measure 
of any thing or quality, pAif\- 
firi5, -e : the city was b., *oo 
1M A11 cacaii\ -p. (Nell. 7, 4) ; to 
a b. place, 50 rnoriAT) p. (Job 
36, 16). 

Broad-based, a., (1) btmleACAn, 

-eicne ; (2) bunf\AmAfi, -f\Airhf\e. 
Broad-breasted, a., ticcteACAn 

Broad-browed, a., having a large 

forehead, cLÁjAéAOAnAc, -Aije. 
Broadcloth, n., a fine, smooth, 

woollen cloth of double width 

for men's garments, teAtAO mó^, 

g. teAtAio iiiói|\. 
Broadening, v.n. teAcnujAT), -tnjte, 

Broadfaced, a., having a big face, 

ClÁflAC, -Arge. 

Broadfooted, «., having flat feet, 
(1) coifleAtAti, -eitne ; (2) 
fpÁj^c, -Aije ; (3) cofctÁ|\Ac, 
-Ai$e (Tyr.). 

Broadness, n., the condition or 
quality of being broad, (1) 
leitne, g. id. /.; (2) teitneAóc, 

-CA, /. 

Broad-seal, n., the Great Seal of 
England, SéAlA ttlófi SA^AtiA, m. 

Broadside, n., the side of a ship 
above the water, (1) teAtAncAob. 
(2) A simultaneous discharge 
of all the guns on one side of 
a ship : we gave them a b., 
ctrgArnAft teAúAncAob oóib, .1. 
tÁrhAó lomtÁm CAoib Unnge 

Broadshouldered, a., fUnneÁnAó, 

Broadspread, a., poifteAtAn, -eitne. 

Broadspreading, a., poiiaeAtA-oAc, 

Broadsword, n., ctAróeAiíi rnón, m. 
= claymore. 

Brocade, n., silk stuff, interwoven 
with gold, silver or raised decora- 
tions, 5f\éAf , g. and pi. 5|\éif , m. 

Brocaded, a., ornamented like 
brocade, g^éifue (O'jR.). 

Broccoli, n. (Bot.), a plant of the 
cabbage species (brassica olera- 
cea), cÁL, -ÁH, m. 

Brochure, n., a pamphlet, teAb^Án, 
g. and pi. -Ám, m. 

Brock, n., a badger, bfioc, g. and 
pi. bjunc, m. 

Brogue, n., (1) a thick, coarse 
shoe, b|\ó5, -óige, -a, /.; one 
made of untanned leather, ctiAn- 

(2) A dialectic pronunciation, 
bÁ|\fió:5, -0150, -a, /. (Or.). 

Broider, Broiderer, Broidery. See 
Embroidery, etc. 

Broil, n., a noisy quarrel, (1) 
ceArmAifc, g. -e, /.; (2) cutlóro. 
-e, -eACA, /.; (3) CAiftniyvc, -e, 
-i, /. ; (4) cAttÁn, -Ám, m. 

Broil, v.t., to cook on a gridiron 
or direct on coals, (1) g^iof^Aim, 
-At) ; (2) cóiom, -ceA"ó ; (3) uóic- 
mjim, -mjAt). 

Broiled piece of meat, n., jpíf^ín, 
g. id. pi. -i, m. 

Broken, a., fractured, cracked, dis- 
united, bmpce, ind. 


( 230 ) 


Broken-hearted, a., depressed by 
grief, cf\oróebmrt;e, incl. 

Brokenness, n., the state or quality 
of being broken, bmrceAcc, -a, f. 

Broken-winded, a., short of breath, 
as a horse, (1) jeAjmAnAtAc, -Aije; 
(2) tAgAnÁtAC, -Arge. 

Broker, n., (1) one who transacts 
business for another, ^níon'iúóif, 
-ójtA, -|\í, m. 

(2) A dealer in money, notes, 
bills, etc., a moneylender, (a) 
peA|\ 5Aimbín ; (b) 5AimbiAT)ói|v, 
-ófA, -|\í, m. (m. t>.). 

Bronchia, n., the tubes that branch 
from the trachea or windpipe to 
the lungs, via píobAí beAgA eroin 
piot» iiA HAtiAite nó An píobÁn 
5A|Al3 Agup v\a p^Arhó^A. 

Bronchitis, n., inflammation of the 
bronchial tubes, (1) cmotÁn, -Ám, 
m. (p. t.) ; (2) AiiÁtops, -a, m. 

Bronze, n., an alloy of copper and 
tin, urn a, g. id. m.; priÁp, g. 
PjAÁip, m.; ct\ét)uriiA. (See Fled 
B., 74-9). 

Brooch, n., an ornament, (1) -oeAts, 
-eit^e, pi. -a and eitgne, /. ; 
also m. (Coneys) ; (2) tiA^-oeAts, 
-eiise, -a, /.; (3) bior\Án, -Ám, 
m.; (4) tnonán bnottAij, m. 

Brood, n., (1) the young of birds 
hatched at one time, (a) Át, Ait, 
™--* (P) rsi\A (Or.) ; (c) tine, /. 
(P. S.). ; (d) fS^ipce (Don.), a 
corruption of pjaua (e) mot, flf. ; , 
mint, pi. id., m. (Don.), " an 
assembly, flock, number" (O'E); 
(/) tAccAfL -Ai|\, m. 3 a brood of 
ducks or chickens. 

(2) The young of the same 
dam, as the sow and her brood 
(B.L. III. 372, 380), (a) At; 
An cfAÁin A$np a liÁt ; mÁ'f 1011- 
tfiAin tiom An cfAm if ionitiAin 
tiom a HAt (Hard. 2, 404) ; (b) 
(p)5UAine, m. 

(3) Children of the same 
mother, esp. when about the- 
same age, An riiÁtAirv -j a tiÁt. 

Brood, v.i., to think long, anxiously 
or moodily upon, mAcoiAim. -at> 
and -Arii. 

Brood-mares, n., 5f\ 01 5« -e, /.. also 
5|\oix) and 5|\ai*ó. 

Brook, n., a small, natural stream 
of water, rnutÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, 

Brook, v.t., endure, tolerate, pmt- 
11151 tn, v.ri. -ptntmj. 

Brooklet, n., a small brook, (1) 
rnutAmin, g. id. m.; (2) 5Aire y 
g. id., pi. -pi, /., also cAipe. 

Brook-lime, n. (Bot.), a plant 
(veronica beccabunga), tocAt and 
tot At, -Alt, tOCAt motAin (G. D.), 
m.: biotArv ttluine (cochlearia) ; 
piiAtAcuA|v, -Ain, m., long-leaved 
(V. anagallis) ; biotAr\ urpse. 

Brook mint. See Water mint. 

Broom, n., rguAb, -uAibe, -uAbA, /., 
dims. f5tiAit»in and fguAbós (c/. 
W. ysgub ; Bret, skuba ; L. 

Broom, n. (Bot.), a shrub (cytisus 
scoparius), oif\. -e, /. (the letter 
O). (1) $ioteAc. -A15, -Aije, m. ; 
(besom) ; (2) giotAc, -A15, ml 
(Or.): (3)5iotcó5, /.; (4) green- 
broom. pipneAT), -nró (Don.) ; 
(5) common broom (sarotham- 
nus scoparius), (a) beAtAit) ; (b) 
giotcAc rtéibe ; (6) butchers* 
broom (ruscus aculeatus),* $rot- 
cac nm'ie. 

Broomrape, n. (Bot.), a genus 
(orobanche) of parasitic plants, 
(1) p ío|\ ; (2) p iopAtAc, -A15, -Ai§e r 
m\; (3) mticó5, -óige, -05A, /.; 
(4) (O. major) p|\AtmAn, g. and 
pi. -Am, m. 

Broomstick, n., the handle of a 
broom, cf Ann r$uAibe, g. cjvánm-, 


( 231 ) 


Broomy, a., resembling a broom, 

(1) fgti-Ab-Ac, -Aije ; (2) over- 
grown with or resembling broom, 
rtAfAn.dC, -Aije ; (3) 510ICA1Í1A1I, 

Broth, n., the liquid in which flesh 
has been boiled, (1) Antihunt 
(M. A\iA\\\te), g. id. m.; (2) 
bjtdcÁri, g. and pi. -Ám, m.; (3) 

btmtcÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, m. 


Brothel, ft., a house of ill-fame, (1) 
muitlAnn, g. -lAinne, pi. -a, /.; 

(2) bAoirueAc, -cfgé, -cijte, w. 
Brother, w., (1) brother by blood, 

m^ArU!>rvÁtAin, #. -ÁtAft, #>l. -Áitne 
and -AitneACA, m. (pron. -orucÁirv, 
(M.) ; T>eÁf\tAif\, (77.) ; -oeArwvin, 

(2) Cousin or b. in religion, 
btwiAirv, -tA\\, -iit|Ae (cf. L. 
f rater ; b.= /; Gr. <f>parr]p; v/ 
bhrátor ; Skr. bhráta ; W. 
brawd, fit. brodyr ; Corn, broder; 
Bret, breur, pi. breudeur). 

Brotherhood, ft., a society of men 
for any purpose, esp. a religious 
fraternity, (1) bnÁtAirveAóAf, g. 
and pi. -Aif, m.; (2) combru\c.drv- 
acc, -a, f. ; (3) coriroAluAr , -Atp , 

Brother-in-law, ft,., the brother o 1 
one's husband'or wife, (1) -oeAfib- 
jvÁtxvif\ céite ; (2) council AiúAin , 
-cleAtrmA, -cteAriinACA, m. 

Brotherless, á., without a brother, 
5A11 m^ArvbnÁtAin. 

Brotherlike, a., brvÁitrveAtúAil, -rhlA. 

Brotherly, a., fraternal, affection- 
ate, (1) brvÁitrveAiúdil, -mlA ; (2) 

bfAACAfOA, iftd. 

Brought, cuvjca, UAbAfvtA. See 

Brow, n., (1) the ridge over the eye, 

mAiA, g. id., pi. -aí, f. : pi. niAili 

(Don.) ; by the sweat of his b., 

le tiAllur a mAlA. 

(2) The b. of a mountain, 
cliff, etc., (á) nmllAc, -A15, -Aij;e, 
m.j (b) lUAoileAnn, -linn, m. ; 
(e) uiAotÁn, -Am, m.; (d) é<voAn, 
-Am, m. 

Brown, a., of a dusky colour 
between black and red or yel- 
low, (1) ixmn, comp. murine ; 
(2) jujxvo, -Arbe ; (3) cj\ón, -óme ; 
(4) o*óa|\, g. s. f. urorve. 

Brown-black, a., between brown 
and black, (1) cnónmib, -tube ; 
(2) ciAfvoonn, comp. -murine. 

Brown-haired, a., having brown 
hair, >o 01111, comp. murine. 

Brownie, n., a good-natured fairy 
who does work during the night 
for people he likes, gjuiA^c, -A15, 
-Aije, m. 

Browmish, a., somewhat brown, 
I eAt r\ti at!) ; ctAon T)o beit juiat), 
-|uia*o 11.dc rnojv ; geAtl leir fuiAt), 
*oonn nó cnón ; b fie^cf \uat). 

Brownish-blue, "oonnjornn, -$uifv- 

Brownness, n., the quality or state 
of being brown, (1) murine, g. 
id. /.; (2) cfvówe, g. id. f. 

Brown-red, a., t)onnrui<vo, -juiAróe. 

Browse, v.L, to eat off the tender 
shoots, as goats, deer, etc., -oo 
bntirAt) : the goat and the camel 
browse, *oo jjníT» An ^Ab^A Agnr* 
av\ cauiaII tojuifwó (O'Beg.). 

Bruin, n. See Bear. 

Bruise, v.L, (1) to contuse, bfuTnjim, 

(2) To * bray, as in a mortar, 
rneitim, -tc (to pound, grind). 

Bruise, ft.-, a contusion, (1) bnújAT), 
-tujce, m. : have you received 
any cuts or bruises, bptirt jeAnrvtA 
nó brun^ce oiau. 

(2) On the sole of the foot, 
(a) btiinnleAc, -Vice, -a, f. (M.), 
bonntcAc, (Con.) ; (b) bonn- 
buAlA'ó, -Alice, m. (Con. and 17.). 


( 232 ) 


(3) Bruise, caused by a tight 
boot or by horse collar, cfuogAn, 
-Ám, m. 
Bruised, a., contused, bfuiijce. 

Bruiser, n., (1) one who bruises, 

t)f\úr§ceótf\, -óf\A, -|tí, m. 

(2) A pugulist, flAjAijAe, g. id., 

pi. -f\í, m. 
Bruising, n., the act of causing a 

contusion, bruijA-o, g. and pi. 

-tujce, m. 
Bruisewort, n. (Bot.), a plant 

(saponaria) which grows among 

rocks by the shore and is said 

to be good for bruises, $;Aij\bin 

(no 5A|\bÁn) Cf\eA<sAC. 
Brumal, a., belonging to winter, 

( 1) 5eirii|\eAc,-|M5e; (2) seiriifteArii- 

Ail, -rhiA ; (3) jenúfveACA, ind. 

Brunette, n., a girl of a somewhat 
brown complexion. cAilin T)onn. 

Brunt, n.y the heat, as of a battle, 

ceAf Atl CAtA. 

Brush, n., an instrument consisting 
of bristles, etc., attached to 
wood, bone or ivory and used 
for various purposes, (1) for 
dusting or sweeping, rguAb, -Aibe, 
-a, /. See under Broom for root. 

(2) For sweeping an oven, 
fjiobotun, -tun, m. 

(3) The tail of a fox, fguAbos 
fionnAi$, /. 

Brush, v.t., to sweep with a brush, 

fgnAbAim, -ax). 
Brusher, n., one who brushes, 

f$iiAbAT>óifv -ó|aa, -óifví, m. 
Brushing, n., the act of using a 

brush, f^uAbA-o, -btA, m. 
Brushing, a., -pjuAbAc, -Aige. 
Brushwood, n., (1) a thicket or 

coppice, fiArÁn, -Ám, m./f^eACAn, 

-Ám, m. 

(2) For fuel, fpjuiAn, -Am, m. ; 

b|\of nAc, -Aije, -a, /. {Don.) ; 

also b|K>fiiA, g, id., m. (M.). 

Brushy, a., resembling a brush,, 
shaggy, rough, 5tiAijAeÁnAC, -Aije. 

Brusque, a., blunt or bluff in 
manner, tníonór ac, -Aige ; $Aj\b,. 

Brutal, a., savage, cruel, bfuiroeArh- 
ah, -ml a ; (2) Amriiróe, ind.; (3) 
T)AnA]AT)A, ind. 

Brutalism, Brutality, Brutishness,. 
n., the quality» of being brutal, 
bfun-oeAriilAcc, -a, /. 

Brutalize, v.L, to make brutal, 
b-fuirorgmi, -mjAT). 

Brute, n., a beast, whether a 
quadruped or a human being, 
bfuiro, -e. -eAnriA, /. 

Brutish, a., of the nature of a. 
brute, coarse, unfeeling, (l)bfu'iro- 
eAriiAH, -riilA ; (2) Amriiróe. 

Bryony, v. (Bot.), a plant, (1) 
white b. (Bryonia alba), iiuac 
geAl. /., mnineAC jeAt, /.; (2) 
black b. (Tamus communis), 
tinAc T>ub, /., tnpineAc *onb. 

Bubble, n., a thin film of liquid 
inflated with air. (1) botj; tiir$e^ 
m.; (2) boljÁn mrse. m.; (3) 
cto$ tufje, g. and pi. CU115- 
«ifge, m.; (4) bvntseóg, -óise,. 
-a, /.; (5) btntjín, g. id., pi. -ni, 
m.: (6) bntsoi-o, -e. -i, /.: (7) 
ctoj, g. and pi. CU115, m.; (8) 
ctoi$m. g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (9) 
rant, -e, /.; (10) f iiiteó5, /.; (11) 
blobA, g. id., pi. -aí, m.: (12) 

. plot), -a. m.; (13) ptoibín. 

Bubble, v.i., to rise in bubbles, as 
liquids when boiling., pucAim, 


Bubbling, n., the act of rising in 
bubbles, (1) pucAt), -ccA,m.; (2) 

ptlCA1j\eACC, -a, /. 

Buccaneer, n., a sea-robber, -poj- 
Uiroe -pAi|\|\5e (nó hiajaa). 

Bucentaur, n., a fabled monster 
half man half ox, T>AiriipeAf\, m. 


( 233 ) 


Buck, n., (1) a male deer, (á) boc, 
g. and pi. bine, m.; (b) piAt) 
f ineAnn ; (2) buekgoat, pocÁn 
(nó bocÁn) 5AbAif, g. -Ám, m.; 
(3) buck-rabbit, cowin fineAnn. 

Buck-bean. See Bog bean. 

Bucket, n., a vessel for carrying 
liquids, (1) bmcéAT), (/.- era, pi. 
-éroí, m.; (2) *oobAf, -Aif , -hi. ; 

(3) meAT)An, -Aif , m. (Or.) ; (4) 
cufvjAtÁn, -Am, m« 

Bucking, n., steeping clothes, 

uiaocat), -oitce, m. 
Bucking-stool, n., a washing block, 

fcót rtiAoitce. 
Buckish, á,j foppish, btiACAc, -Aige. 
Buckle, n., a device for fastening 

a strap., búclA, g. id., pi. -a\, m. 
Buckle, vJ., to fasten with a 

buckle, búcUngnn, -hjat). 
Buckler, n,, a kind of shield, (1) 

eocAi|\f5iAt, -fgéice, -a, /.; (2) 

tÁiirif5iAt:, /.; (3) CAonrifSiAt, /. 
Buckram, n., a coarse cloth of 

linen or hemp stiffened with size 

or glue, (1) bucAnem (M. Polo) ; 

(2) bticfum (O'R-). 

Buckthorn, n. (Bot.), a genus 
(Rhamnus) of shrubs, fiAtíróf A15- 
eAn, -jw, m. 

Bud, n., a protuberance on trees 
or plants containing undeveloped 
branches, leaves or flowers, (1) 
btnnne, g. id., pi. -nnráe, m. : 
btnnne fóif , a rosebud ; (2) 
btnnneÁn, g. and pi. -Ám, m., 
dim. of btnnne ; (3) btÁtÁn, g. 
and pi. -Ám, m. (flower-bud) ; 

(4) bActó^, -órge, -a, f. (also 
bAfló5, ^r.; t> A r^ ó 5? & Con.) ; 

(5) 511005, /.; (6) 5115411, g. and 
pi. -Ám, m,; (7) cownte, g. id., 
pi. -eACA, /,; (8) comnleóg, /. 

Bud, v.i., to put forth buds, (1) 
f5éitim, vm. f5éit ; (2) f^etnn- 
im, -ueAi). 

Budding, n., the act of producing 
buds, (1) fgéit, -e, m.; (2) 
biofftijjA'o, -uijgíe ; (3) A5 cujt 
AmAc ; (4) btnnneAT), -nee, m. 

Budding into ear, n., eAf5.An, -Ain. 

Budge, v.i., to move off or stir, 
coff 11151m, -U5AÓ and -1115c. 

Budge, n., a move or turn, (1) 
cof, -oif, m.; (2) -peAnnc, -a, 
in. : he did not b., nfo-fi bAineAt) 
con (nó f eAnnc) Af . 

Budget, n., a bag or sack with its 
contents, (1) rneAtbó5, -ói5e, 
-05A, /.; (2) seóif, -e, /.; (3) 
niAn5, -a, -a\, m.; (4) cóifín, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m. ; (5) oac, g. 
ceice, pi. -a, f. 

Buff, n., leather made from the 
skin of the buffalo, bnpp , g. and 
pi. btnff, m. (O'Beg.) ; cóua 
binf p , a b. coat. 

Buffalo, s., x)Am fiAT)Am ; •oaiii (nó 
bó) aUxa (nó AttAit)) ; huAúAll, 
-aiLL, m. (c/. /3ov/3aAos). 

Buffet, ?i., a blow with the hand, 
cuff, slap on the face, (1) fAitc, 
-e, -eAvinA, f. (also f aic) ; (2) 
fmAitc, -e, -eACA, /.; (3) bAf, 
-Aife, -a, /.; (4) "oo^n, gr. and pi. 
•otnnn, m.; x)ófn (Don.). 

Buffet, vd., to strike with the hand 
or fist, to cuff, to slap, (1) 
T)oniiAim, -Ail ; (2) buAiUm le 
bAf Aib nó te *oofiiAib ; also -ooif- 

Buifeter, n., one who buffets, 
fmAtcAife, g. id., pi. -jn, m. 

Buffoon, n., (1) a man who amuses 
by low tricks, bíonn f é niA5AtriAil, 
f5i5eAttiAit, *OfvifeAtnAil, x)áha, 
(á) cteAfAráe, g. id., pi. -t>te, 
m.; (b) 5leACAróe, g. id., pi. 
-■oce, m.; bnurg-oeóijv, -ofA, -fé, 
m., (d) cleAfó5, -óige, -a, /. (gl. 
L. mima). 


( 234 ) 


(2) A mimic, (a) nioccoÁlAróe, 
g. id., pi. -t)te, m.; (b) piunreóif\, 
-ó|\a. -|\í, m.; (c) T)|\tit, g. -tut, 
in. : he is the king-buffoon of 
Ireland, ip é níog'ófuit éineAnn 
é (24 R. C. 50) ; to give a 
buffoon's shout, génn -ontnt *oo 
■oéAnAtn (ibid.). 

(3) A mocking wag, (a) refine, 
#. id., pi. -fvi, /«.; (b) Airceóif\, 
-ónA, -fí, iw. 

Buffoonery, »,, the arts and prac- 
tices of a buffoon, (1) cLeAfAix)- 
eAcc, -a, /./ (2) 5ieACAit)eAcc, /.; 
(3) bntngTieoineAct;, /.; (4) j?tnn- 
reóifveAcu, /.; (5) f5i5ineAcc, /. 
(also r5 1 5^- 9- id- /•) 5 (6) geAicf í ; 
(7) 501 tí. 

Buffoonish, a., indulging in low 
jests or gestures, (1) cieAfAc, 
-Aige ; (2) fgigeAtriAit, -rhtA. 

Bug, n. (Zool.), an insect (Cimex 
lectularius), r5eAfvcÁn, g. and pi. 
-Ám, m. 

Bug-bear, n., something real or 
imaginary which frightens, esp. 
children, (1) púcA, g. id.-Ai, m.; 
(2) T)eArhAti 5Aoite, m. (0' Beg.). 

Bugle, 'n., (1) a musical instrument, 
hunting horn, (a) At>Afc, -Aince, 
pi. -a, -Ann a and -aca, /.; (b) 
buAbAtt, g. and pi. -bAilx, m. ; 
(c) bA|\fbuAbAitt, m.; (c?) bA^-p- 
AbtiAo : x)o f éit) ré a bA|\pAbtiAt), 
he blew his bugle. 

(2) (Bot.), a plant (Bugula 
reptans), (a) rneACAn mib pAt>- 
Ain ; (5) 5tAf Ain coHXe. 

Buglos, n. (Bot.), a plant, the ox- 
tongue (Anchusa officinalis), (1) 
ceAnjA bó ; (2) bo5Uir , -tof a, 
m. (cf. /3ovs, ox+yXwo-o-a, tongue) 
ceAn^A at\ "OAitfi. 

Build, v.t., (1) poi 1x511151 in, -neAiu ; 
(2) có5Aim, -Ail ; (3) cinnrni ceAó 
fHAf, nó ceAc x>o CÓ5Á1I; (4) to 
build upon one, rmnnijjm "oo cuf 

1 n-otnne : "oo f eAfArii a\^ T)ume 

Build, n., as the build of a person, 
■oéAnArii, -ncA, and -nAirh, m. 

Builder, n., one who builds, (1) 
£oifV5ni5teóin, -óf\A, -fú, m.; (2) 
fAon, g. and pi. fAoij\, m.; (3) 
rósbÁiAi-óe, g. and pi., id.; (4) 
035b Át ac, -A15, -Ai5e, m. 

Building, n., the act of construct- 
ing, also that which is built, (1) 
có5bÁii, g. and pi. -aIa, /.; (2) 
'oéAnArh, -ncA, m. : he is building 
a great house, cá ré A5 T>éAnAm 
urge rhóin ; (3) poi|\5neAríi, -nm'i, 
m. : stone buildings, oibneAóA 

Built, a., constructed, (1) poin5- 

mjjce, ind.; (2) C05ÚA, ind. ; (3) 

TDéAnuA, ind. 
Bulb, n., an oval body growing 

from a plant under or over the 

ground, meACAn, g. and pi. -Am, 

Bulbous, a., like a bulb in shape 

or structure, (1) meAcnAc, Aige ; 

(2) rcoc, funic, pi. id. in. 

Bulge, 11., a swelling or protuberant 
part, boittf5eAn, g. ~5inne, pi. 
-a, f. 

Bulge, v.i., to bend outward, 
boittf5eAnAim, -At). 

Bulging, n., the act of bending 
outward, boiltfseAnAcu, -a, /. 

Bulimia, n., a diseased and vora- 
cious appetite, 5AtAn cnAorAC, 

Bulk, n., size, dimensions, (1) coinc, 
-ce, -ceAnnA, /.; (2) niéAT), in. : 
the b. of a man's body, uoinc 
nó meAT» cinnp T)uine ; b. is not 
beauty, ní fsémi méro ; (3) 
utnf e, /. ; (4) céA5Afi, -Ain, 

Bulkiness, n., greatness in bulk, 
coinueAtfilAcc, -a, /. 


( 235 ) 


Bulky, a., (1) of great size, zoipz- 
eAtfiAit, -rhtA ; (2) tnéAT>ArhAiL, 
-riitA ; (3) coa^a^ac ; (4) céAg- 
A^tA(c), (Cork) ; (5) tAix>breAC, 
-f ije : cows outre mer have 
bulky horns, if tnontAi-obfeAc 
iat) &x>&\ycA ha tnbó z&\\ te&p ; 
(6) fnÁmcAC, -Aige (Cow.) ; (7) 
CA^pAC, -Aije. 

Bull, n., (1) the male of any species 
of cattle, (a) cA^b, -Aij\b, m. 
(cf. W. tarw ; Corn, tarow ; 
Bret, taro, tarv ; Gr. ravpo?, 
T. taurus) ; a yearling bull ; 
•oo|\cÁn, -Áiu, in. [from this word 
is probably derived stirk, a 
yearling bullock, with the pros- 
thetic s as steer from uAj\b] ; 
a two-year-old bull, -oA|vcAc(Án), 
(cf. the young bull's welcome, 
pAUxe T)A|vcAcÁiti) ; the parish j 
bull or a bull common to a herd 
arid hence a ringleader, uAfib 
cÁnA ; (b) TJAtri, -Airh, w. : he 
is going about like a b. in a { 
mist, ua fȎ A5 "out tAfic mA|\ 
•óArh 1 sceó (H. M. 1125). A j 
cow desiring the b. is said to be 

pAO-l, £Á nó pé T>Á1f\ (A]A T)Á1f, j 

Don.) ; a cow matched by the j 
b. is said to be bó -óc-fvtA [cf. ; 
"PA01 eActnAi|\c, p'eAcmAifVC (M.) 
of mares ; pAoit aic, also pÁ ctic 
{Dr. MacHale's MS. Diet.) of ; 
sows, and pAoi j\eite of sheep] ; 
a cow in calf, bó iontAc-15. 

(2) The constellation Taurus, ' 
ah uAjAb, g. cAi|\b, m. 

lull, n., an edict of the Pope, j 
butlA, g. id., pi. -aí, Tift. (cf. LL. | 
bulla, a seal or stamp). 

Bullace, n. (Bot.), a small plum 
(Prunus communis), Áifine, g. id., 
pi. -ní, /. (ájvtia, Don.). 

Bull-baiting, n. See Bull-fight. 

Bullet, n., a missile discharged 
from a rifle, pistol, etc., pitéAfi, 
g. and pi. -étjA, m. 

Bullfaced, a., cAfibÁnuA, ind. 

Bull-fight, n., a sport in which men 
goad and fight a bull in an 
arena, cA-|\bCA<i;, -a, m. 

Bullfinch, n.., a cage bird (Pyrrhula 
vulgaris), ^eAtbAti euititm, m. ; 
green bullfinch, ge^tbAn sUvp. 

Bullion, n., uncoined gold or silver 
in a mass, b|unce (cf. B.L. V. 

Bullock, n., a castrated bull, (1) 
buttóg, -óige, -a, /.; (2) bullÁn : 
niA|A A"oubAi|\c An bultÁn beAg 
teif au mbtitlÁn mó\\ ', UfieAb- 
Ainiif ah c-ioniAi]\e feo fióiíiAinti 
A|\ T)ctiif, as the little b. said 
to the big one [who was laying 
out the hills they would plough] 
let us first plough this ridge 
before us ; it is not every day 
Manus kills a b., ni jac Aon tA 
rhA^btujeAnn tVlAgnuf buUlóg. 

Bully, n J, an insolently quarrel- 
some fellow with more noise than 
courage, (1) bfiA^Ai^e, g. id., pi. 
-jii, m.; (2) f5AotAi|\e ; (3) 
ponuAOTOeAc (Ker.), m. ; pmró- 
eAc, m. (Cork) ; (4) bfvottnsAiyve, 
g. id., pi. -|Ai, in.; (5) boit- 
f5Aij\e, in. ; (6) btimAi|\tin, m. 

Bullying, a., inclined to bluster and 
quarrel, (1) bfiA<5Aij\eAc, -\u~se ; 
(2) bA5A|\tAc, -Aije, threatening. 

Bullying, n., the act of blustering 
and quarrelling, bA5A]\tAcc, g. 
and pi. -a, f. 

Bulrush, ii., a kind of large rush 
growing in wet land or in water, 
(1) cat-tail (Typha angustifolia), 
(a) buigum, g. -ume, pi. -Cnnce, 
/.; (b) geACAi^e, pi. -j\i, m. 

(2) Cat-tail (Typha latifolia), 
fibinn, -e, /. 


( 236 ) 


(3) Reedmace or lake club rush 
(Scirpus lacustris), (a) bot)An, m.; 

(b) coigeAl «A mbAn rróe. 
Bulrushes (coll.), («) bo5luACAif\, 

-cjiA, /.; (6) bioj\f\Aó, -A15, m. ; 

(c) cuj\cAir, -e, /. ; (d) féiteAóA 
pAt)<\ncA (Don ), 

Bulwark, w], (1) fortification, (a) 
bAbmm, g. and pi. -úin, m.; (&) 
TXAirigeAti, -5m , pi. id. and -511 e, 
m.; (c) cAireAl, -fit, m.; (d) 
mti|A, -111 ft, pi. id. and -tA, m. 
(cf. L. mums) ; (e) poj\c, g. 
pui|\c, pi. id. m. (c/. Isa, 26, 1). 

(2) Any means of defence or 
protection, corAmu, -atica, /. 

(3) The sides of a ship above 
the upper deck, uonnAC, -A15, 
-Aije, m. 

Bumbailiff, to., a sheriff's officer, 
bÁitle, g. id., pi. -lí, m. (bÁitti"óe, 
pi. t>Áitii-óeAíitiA in Don.). 

An bÁille rriÁ ageAnn ir f\obeA5 

mo bmn Alfv. 
lYIunA "OCÓ5&AT111 ré ati teAtib, ní'l 

eú^At An cije o|\mJ 

If the bumbailiff comes it is 

little I care — 
If he takes not the baby, there's 

nothing else there. 

Bumble-bee, to., a large bee of the 
genus bombus, pf\impiollAn, g. 
and pi. -Am, m. ; cjwmpAllAn ; 
reile An, m. (Don.). 

Bummer, to., a dissipated sponger 
[slang], fu$tAi|\e, g. id., pi. -m', m. 

Bump, n., (1) a swelling, ac, g. and 
pi. aic, m. 

(2) A blow or thump, ptéAfs, 
g. -éirge, pi. -eirgeAnnA, /. : the 
bag of the beggar shall bump 
on his back, beró mÁlA nA 
T)éif\ce jAbAil ptéAf5 aj\ a com. 

Bump, v.i., to thump, ptéAf^Aim, 


Bumper, n., a glass filled to the 

brim, (1) glome tÁn ; (2) cmjir- 
51'n tAn ; olpAimro An cj\úircín 
tAn ; (3) cojm, g. cinfin, pi. id. m. ; 
(4) (C11AC05, /. (Dr. MacHale), 
" one bumper at parting." 

Bumpkin, n., a country lout, 
cuACAC, -A15, m. 

Bun, n., a raised cake or biscuit 
somewhat sweet and with a 
crusting of sugar on the top, 
btnlín, g. id., pi. -ni, /. : caoahfa'o 
btntín ó'n AonAó cujau, I will 
bring you a bun from the fair, 
dim. of butóg, a loaf; bfice, g. 
id., pi. -ci, m. (Spiddal). 

Bunch, n., (1) a tuft or cluster of 
things same kind growing to- 
gether, (a) cjAAtAn, g. and pi. 
-Am, m. : a bunch of grapes, 
cjwjAn pontiijiroe ; (b) c-pApAn, 
-Am, m.; (c) ctAgAn, -Am, m.; 
(d) of berries, cfiobAmg, -e, 
-CACA, /.; (e) of growing rushes, 
cfuopAtt, g. and pi. -ami, m. 
(/) of hair, x>or, g. mur , pi. id. 
m.; (g) of grass, cAitín réij\. 

(2) A collection or tuft of 
things of the same kind fas- 
tened together, (a) ceAnglACAn, 
-Am, m. : a hundred bunches of 
raisins, céAO ceAnglACÁn f\írín 
(2 Sam. 16, 1) ; (b) -oofmAn, -Am, 
m.; (c) cAiip, -e, -eACA, /. 

Bunch, n., a hump, knob or lump, 
(1) cfunu, -e, -eAnnA, /. : and 
their treasures upon the bunches 
of camels, A^ur a n-ionnmur aj\ 
Cfunob cAn'iAtl (Isa. 30, 6) ; (2) 
pA-ób, -Aróbe. -a, /.; (3) pcvobAn, 
-Am, ifh. 

Bunchy, a., growing in bunches, 
(1) CftACÁnAC, -Ai$e ; (2) cj\iop- 

AttAC, -A1je. 

Buncombe, Bunkum, n., flattering 
talk for show or selfish purposes, 
(1) blAT>Aj\, -Aip, m.; (2) blAt>- 
niAn, -Am, m.; (3) ptAmAr, -Air, m. 


( 237 ) 


Bundle, n., as much as could be 
carried in the arms, (1) gv&Mit, 
g. and pi. -át a, ra. : a b. of rods, 
5AbÁit rtAu ; (2) beA|\c, gf. and pi. 
-e^z, m. also gr. -eijure, /.: a b. of 
corn=20 sheaves, beA-pc Af\bAif\ ; 
a b. of hay, beA^c péi^, diw. 
bei pcin , in . ; (3) ^tActAC (handful) , 
from 5tAc, the palm of the hand 
(tÁn mo tjtAice), and uAtAC, a 
load ; (4) packet or truss, (a) 
ceAnsAtcÁTi, -Ám, m.; (b) ceAnj;- 
tAcÁn, gen. and pi. -Ám, m.; (5) 
ctiAt. -Ait, m., and cuAit, -e, -eACA, 
/.. (6) cuAiUn, m.: a b. of bones 
[said of a person], cuAitín cnAtii ; 
(7) bACtA, -n, -aí, f. (armful) ; (8) 
of straw, bAUAtt. -Aitt, m. (U.) ; 
(9) of straw in thatching, (a) 
ropós, -ói^e, -a, /.; (b) pun-Ann, 
-Amne, -a, /. (Bon.) ; (10) of flax, 
(a) -ouAiUn, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (b) 
c|\ofó5, -oige, -a, /.; (11) of sprits 
or rods, $AbA|\, -Ai|\, m. (Don.) ; 
(12) carried under the arm, 
AfStAc, -A15, m.; (13) a parcel, 
(a) mmsÁn, -Ám, m.; (b) buitcin; 
g. id., pi. -ní, m.; (<?) boiceÁn, 
-Ám, m.; (14) untidy, búntA, g. 
id., pi. -At, m. (tn. t).); (15) 
round, (a) cjunnneós, -óije, -a, 
/.; (b) f\attóg, /.; (16) cAitp, -e, 

-eACA, f. 

Bundle, i?.t, to tie in a bundle, 
■oéATiAim f uAf 1 njAbAit, 1 mbeAj\u, 

Bundler, n., one who ties things 
in bundles, búf\tÁturóe, g. id., 
pi. 't>te, in. (ttt. X).). 

Bundling, n., the act of making 
up into bundles, búntÁit, -ála, 

/. (tn. D.). 

Bung, n., the large stopper of the 
bunghole of a cask, rcAipéAt, gen. 
and pi. -éit, m. 

Bung, 1 1 ./., to stop with a bung, 

fCAIpéAtAtm, -AX). 

Bung-hole, n., the orifice in the 
bilge of a cask, (1) ctAbpott, 
-tutt, in.; (2) ctAibin, in. 

Bungle, v.t., to botch, (1) rmttitn, 
-teAt) ; (2) toiuim, v.n. toe. 

Bungler, n., one who bungles, (1) 
rmtteAT), gen. id. m.; (2) mitt a' 
mAroe (mitt An mAVoe); (3) bj\eitt- 
ice, gen. id., pi. -ci, in. (0 Beg.); 
it also signifies a mean fellow ; 
bmttice, m. (O'R.). 

Bunion, n., an enlargement, gener- 
ally on the first joint of the big 
toe, (1) bumneÁn, gen. and pi. 
-Am, m.; (2) eicin, g. id., pi. 
-ni, m. (? Aicin). 

Buoy, n., a float moored to the 
bottom to indicate a channel, 
etc., (1) pucAn, -Am, m. : for 
nets, p. eAn^Aí ; b. made of 
sheepskin or the skins of small 
animals and attached to nets 
when set ; (2) a bladder buoy, 
rptmcÁn, -Am, m.; (3) biot, -a, 
-Ami a, m.; (4) buAro, -ava, pi. 
id. f.; (5) bottA, g. id., pi. -aí, 
m. (over fishing nets) ; (6) 
pteoT)|uimn, gen. -ntie. pi. -rmi, 
/. (O'R,). 
Bur, Burr, n., the prickly head of 
the burdock and also the plant 
itself, (1) en at) An, -Am, m.; (2) 
C|\AX)Án, in. ; (3) ctAT)An, gen. 
and pi. -Am, in.; (4) ceorAn, in. 
Burden, n., (1) a load, (a) UAtAC, 
-A15, -Aije, in.; (b) eif\e, g. id., 
pi. -eAT)A, m. (Keat.). 

(2) Charge or care, (a) muimjm, 
-jne, -tmeACA, /.; (b) muineAnn, 
-mie, -aí, /.; (c) mtnneAn, -mn, 
m.; (d) c|Aom, #. cpuim and 
Cfunine, m. and /. ; (e) ctittAm, 
-Aim, m. (sometimes). 

(3) An encumbrance, (a) 
iAf\pmA, gen. id., pi. -Aróe, fit. ; 
(b) iA|\tAif, -e, -i, /. 

(4) Hardship or oppression, (a) 


( 238 ) 


te^tunotn, -c^uitn, m.; (b) €|\om- 
Iac, -A15, -Ai$e, m. (=c|Aom- 
uaIac) ; (c) cpomAcAn, -Ám, m. 
Burden, v.t., to load, (1) uAUnjim, 
-115AT) ; (2) tnuifvijnijitn, -mjA'ó ; 
(3) u^omAim, -At) (z^omwpm, 


Burdensome, a., oppressive, (1) 
cjvom, comp. -qui 1 me ; (2) imiimj- 
meAc, -mge. 

Burdensomeness, n., the quality 
of being burdensome, qunme, 
gen. and pi. id. f. 

Burdock, n. (Bot.), a genus (Lappa) 
of coarse herbs, (1) common (L. 
officinalis), (a) cfuvoÁn, -Ám, m.; 
(b) cocoH, -e, /. (see Bur) ;. (2) 
great common (L. major), 
meACAn "oogA ; (3) Articum lappa 
or bardanus, (a) 110*0 An UofCA, 
m.; (b) meACAn cobAc ; (c) m. 
ruAtAit ; (d) meACAn ctiAn ; (e) 
lio*oÁn An úcAij\e; (/) mionbjuijAiL, 
-:51a, /. (Or.) ; (g) rmUebjuijAil, 
/. (Or.) ; (h) copóg cuAtAit. 

Burg, n., a borough or fortified 
town, bjui<5, gen. and pi. -115A, m. 

Burgess, n., freeman of a burg or 
borough, (1) bu^Ai^e, gen. id., 
pi. -Aráe, m.; aslo bm^eif and 
btnflgeir eAc, m. ; (2) cAtfung- 
teói|\, -ójva, -ói|\í, m. 

Burgher, n., any inhabitant of a 
borough, bfiujAro, gen. id., pi. 
-x)i, m. 

Burglar, n., one guilty of the crime 
of burglary, (1) bmr-ceói^ oge, 
in. ; pogUiroe cije. 

Burglary, n., breaking into 
another's dwelling in the night 
with felonious intent, bmfeA-ó 
oge cum 5AT>uróeACCA *oo *úéAn- 

Burgomaster, n., a chief magistrate 
in Holland and Germany, bjuig- 
mÁigir-ci^, m. 

Burial, n., the act of burying, (1) 
cu|\, -jaca and -iufvte, m. : there 

is no escape from b., ni't -out ó'n 
5cti]\ ; (2) atdIaic, -e, m. : happy 
the wet (rainy) b., yoriA a-oIaic 
ptiuc (Hard. II. 407) ; (3) peA^c- 
tijAT), -in$te, m. (67. D.) ; (4) 
atkiacat), #en. and pi. -nAicce, 
m.; (5) AT>riACAt, ae/i. and pi. -am, 
m., also A*ón acáií, -áIa, /.; (6) 
a-óLacat) (pron. uicú), ae?i. and 
pi. -LAicte, m. (Or.). 

Burial-place, n., (1) any place 
where burials are made, fveiti^, 
-e, -1, /., also, foiU5 ; (2) cut, 
-e, pi. ceAXXA, /.; (3) ceAUtun, 
-e, /. ; (4) ueAmpAii, -ami, m. ; 
(5) ceAHz^Ac, -Aije, /. (for un- 
baptized infants). 

Buried, a., cujvtA ; as za\dam^z ah 
péi|\ (nó An pÁfAij). 

Burlesque, n., a satirical poem to 
excite laughter or ridicule, (1) 
uiAslAoró, g. id., pi. -x>te, f. ; 

(2) pLróeAcc rhAgAi-ó ; (3) aoja, 
-01 jv, m. 

Burlesque, a., tending to excite 
laughter by grotesque images or 
by contrast, as by treating 
a trifling subject with mock 
gravity, (1) aic, -e ; (2) ^eAnn- 
rhAj\, -Ai|Ae (O'Beg.) ; (3) mA^Am- 
aM, -rhtA. 

Burliness, n., the quality of being 
burly, coific, -e, /. 

Burly, a., stout, lusty, (1) zo^ze- 
AtriAit, -tritA; (2) neAf\cmAfi, -Aij\e ; 

(3) tÁroifv, -T>|ve ; (4) cé^AptA ; 

(5) f UUACAC, -A1je. 

Burn, v.t., (1) to reduce to ashes 
by fire, to consume with fire, 
•00151m, "OÓgAim, -a*ó (c/. v 
dhéghó, I burn) : he has not 
yet burned seven ricks of turf 
with her, níojv "óóij yé feAóc 
5c^«ac mónA póf téi ; a burned 
child dreads the fire, bionn eA^At 
a\í aw teAnb a "óóijceA^ . 

(2) To injure by fire, boiling 
water or other burning liquid, 


( 239 ) 


to scorch, singe, char, sear, 
blister, toifgim, -ofgAt) : a little 
fire that warms is better than a 
big fire that burns, if feAff 
ceme beAg a j;ofAf nÁ ceme 
rfióf a tof^Af ; that [city] did 
Joshua burn, x>o toifj; 1oftiA [au 
6acai|\] fin (Josh. 11, 13); to 
scald, fjólAim, -At) ; f^At/tAim, 


(3) To burn, as bricks or 
lime, for the purpose of improve- 
ment, toif5itn, -of^At) : let us 
make bricks and burn them 
thoroughly, -oéAtiAm bf ící -j toifg- 
eArn goUiomtÁr» ia*o (Gen. 11, 3) : 
as the burning of lime, mAf\ 
iofgAt) A01I. (Isa. 33, 12) ; to 
burn lime, Aofoo tofgAt) (0' Beg.) 
(-oojAt) also). 

(4) To affect or injure, as if 
by the action of fire, tom^im, 
-of^AT) : the cold north wind 
.... shall . . . . b. the wilder- 
ness .... as with fire, au jaoc 
puA-p at)cuato .... toif5pró fí 
An fÁfAó .... AriiAit te ceme 
(Eccles. 43, 22-3) ; the frost 
burned all the plants, x>o toifg 
An f 10c tiA plAnnTíAí 50 téif ; 
but I have heard dojat) more 
often applied to burning by 
frost (of. frost-bitten, fioc- 

(5) To cauterize (Surg.), 
toif5im, -of^AT) : when you are 
under cure you are cauterized 
and lanced, aj\ mbeic tunc fÁ 
teijeAf loif5teA|\ cu Ajjuf jeAf f- 
CAf cú (Keat., <Cbb. 277, 30). 

(6) Idiom : you have not yet 
burned a stack of turf with her, 
ntof caic cú CfuiAC rnónA fóf 

Burn, v.i., (1) to burn, to flame, 
to be on fire, (a) the mount 
burnt with fire, 00 bi An ftiAb 

cf é tAf At> ó temro (Dent. 9, 15) ; 
(b) tXDijmi, TíógAim, -ója-ó, and 
both shall burn together, Aguf 
"Oóijf ro A|\Aon 1 bpocAif\ a céite. 
(2) To have the appearance 
or sensation of being on fire, (a) 
with anger, indignation, fury, 
wrath, (i) toifgim, -of^At) : lest 
my indignation come forth like 
fire and b., "o'eAgtA 50 v ociocf At) 
mo "óíbf eAfg-f a auiac aííiaiL ceme 
1 50 toifSfeAt) (Jer. 4, 4) ; (ii) 
tAf Aim, -At) : he burned against 
Jacob like a flaming fire, *oo tAf 
fé 1 n-AgAit) lAcob cofniAit te 
ceme tAf AtiiAit (Lam. 2, 3) ; (b) 
with love or shame, tAf Aim, -at> : 
were not our hearts burning 
within us, nAó pAftAVAp Áf 
5Cf oroce Af tAf At) lonnAmn (Luke 
24, 32) ; he burned with shame, 
X)o bí f é Af tAf At) te nÁi|\e ; (c) 
the visual appearance, as the 
bush burned with fire but the 
bush was not consumed, *oo bi 
An c]\ Aob cfé tAfAt) ó cemro 1 
niof toifgeAt) An cfAob (Ex. 

3, 2). 

[The distinction between 
TtógAim and toifgnn seems to 
be that -oó^Aim is used when a 
thing is wholly or partially 
reduced to ashes by the action 
of fire, and toif^im when a 
thing is deprived of life by the 
action of heat (like being scalded 
to death), partially injured (as 
blistered, singed, scorched), or 
altered or improved in char- 
acter as lime or bricks without 
being materially destroyed ; (of. 
•oójAt) if tof^At) ofc. burning 
and scalding on you) ; but 
though broadly followed it has 
not been, and is not, by any 
means strictly adhered to.] 
Burn, n., a hurt caused by fire. 


( 240 ) 


boiling or burning liquids or i 
intense heat, tonyvo, g. -oifgce, 
pi. id. m. (cf. heartburn, to-psAt) 
•ooije) ; -oótjAt) choree {Bon.). 

Burnable, a., combustible, (1) po- 
T)ói5ce; (2) fotbifgcé ; (3) | 

Burned, Burnt, a., consumed, 
scorched or hardened by fire, 

(1) T)ói5ce, ind., also obs. bóice 
from which bóiceÁn, burned 
land (Ir. Pop. Slip. 19, 106) ; (2) > 
ioifste, ind. : where is the lamb 
for the burnt offering, cá bptnt 
An c-uaii cum tiA bopf\ÁLA toifjte 
(Gen. 22, 7). 

Burned up, wholly burned, (1) 
pío-|Atoif$te ; (2) fjoltxA ; (3) 

Burner, n.\ one who bums, toifg- 
teói|A, -ó]\a, -|\í, m. 

Burnet, n. (Bot.), a perennial herb \ 
(Poterium sanguisorba), biteAC ! 
tor-gAm, Urn An tulle ; (wild) 
tuf av\ mite piAT)Am. 

Burning, n., consuming by fire, on 
fire, (1) "oójAt), gen. and pi. 
-órgce, m.; (2) lor-gAT), gen. and 
pi. toifgce, m.; (3) LoifSpeÁn, 
-Ám, in. : b. on you, LoifSpeAn 
o\\z [it also means com burnt 
off the ear instead of being Í 
three shed ; cf. ajwi toifspeÁm] ; 
(4) cóiceÁn, gen. and pi. -Ám, m.: \ 
1Tlti|ACAt) ah UóiceÁm, Murrough | 
of the Burnings ; (5) idfA-ó, | 
-ft a, m. (alight, flaming) ; 
(6) V5&\x&t>, -1xa, m. (scalding, 
scorching), also rsótUvó, -Iua, 
m. id. 

Burning, a., being on fire, exces- 
sively hot, (1) toifseAc, -gije ; 

(2) ioifgneAc, -mje ; (3) "oóij- 
ceAc, -cij;e ; (4) g^ífoeó, ind. 

Burning ashes, stu'ofAc, -Aige, -a, /. 

brand, Aitmne, g. id., pi. 

-neACA, /. (firebrand). 

— candle, s., beoco-mneAl, -nte, 
-nti, /. 

coal, ymespom, -t>e, -T)i, /. ; 

(ember), ppfiéró, e, -eAnriA, /. 

— desire, tniAnbjunt, -e, /. 

- — heat, sfuofjofiA-o, -jiúa, m. 

— hot, adj., a^ fgAtLdt). 

— to the quick, beojopAT), -\\tA, 

Burnish, v.t., to polish, (1) -oe^fg- 
nuigim, -hjat) ; (2) tioifiAm, -ax) ; 

(3) LéijvjlAttAim, -At>. 
Burnishing, n., the act of polishing 

by rubbing, (1) -oeAjmsntisAT), 
-ui§te, m.; (2) ti-oeAtbAt), -X)tA, 
Burnished, a., glossy from rubbing, 
(1) téitA$eAt, -$ite ; (2) -De^rs- 
ninjte, ind.; (3) liomtA, ind. ; 

(4) LéiH5UncA ; (5) ó^toifste ; 
(6) tí-óeAtbúA, ind. 

Burnisher, n., one who burnishes, 

(1) T>eA|Af5tiui$ceóij\, -ó\\a, -jaí, 
m.; (2) tíoiíitóip, -óp a, -pi, m. ; 
(3) U'orhATDóifv ; (4) tí-óeAtbúóitA. 

Burnt com, n., toifjjieÁn, gen. -Ám, 

Burr, n., the lobe of the ear, (1) 

mAotÁn, gen. and nl. -Am, m. ; 

(2) bog ha cluAif e ; (3) a prickly 
seed vessel. See Bur. 

Burrow or rabbit warren, n., 
com^éA\\ , gen. and pi, -éifi , m. 

Burrow, y.i., pollAim, -At). 

Bursar, n., a purser, a treasurer, 
cifceóif\ cotÁifue. 

Bursary, n., the treasury of a 
college or monastery, cifce cot- 
Áifce, <yen. £<&. m,. 

Burst, v.i., to fly apart, explode, 
to burst out, to break open, (1) 
bj\ifim, -f eAX) : it is ready to b., 
jzá fé fiéit) (uttAni) cum bjur-ce ; 
(2) ptéAf5Aim, -ax) : the ground 
was b. with water, bi An cAlAtr» 
A5 ptéAf^A'ó le ntn-pge ; the 
football burst, -oo pteAf^ An 


( 241 ) 


pen; (3) rsoitom, v.n. n>oi1x : 
the cow will b., fgoitcpx) An bo ; 
(4) bnúccAim, -At) : seven lakes 
b. forth in Ireland in the days of 
Partholan, r eAóc Loca 'oo bjuicc 
1 nCimnn 1 n-Aimri|\ pAncotów 
(Keat.) ; (5) fgAi^cim, -ceAt) : 
he b. out laughing, -oo f^Ainc ré 
Af\ 5Ái|\róe ; (6) rp Alp-aim, -ad : 
the sun b. forth, *oo rpAiip ati 
5fviAn AniAó ; (7) rsiujvoAim, -at) 
(to b. forward, as a flood) ; 
(8) rsemmm, -neAt) : the flowers 
are bursting forth, ca ua blAtA 
A5 rgeinneAt) AtriAó. 

Burst, v.t., to rend by external 
violence or undue pressure from 
within, (1) bmpm, -reAt) : I will 
b, thy bonds asunder, bfurrró mé 
T)o ctnbneACA ó céile (Nah. 
1, 13) ; no man putteth new T 
wine into old bottles, else the 
new wine will b. the bottles, 
ní cui-f\eAnn mnne aj\ bit -píon 
uua 1 reAnburoéAlAib nó bmrpro 
Ati pion nuA tiA binoéil (Luke 
5, 37 ; and Mark 2, 22) ; (2) 
|\éAt»Aim, -Ap (c/. V réupó, I 
tear, break ; also v / revó, ruvo, 
I break in pieces ; and L. 
rumpo, I break) : and [they] 
have b. the bonds, -j tdo f\éAbAT)Afi 
nA ctnbf\eACA (Jer. 5, 5). 

Burst, I n., a sudden breaking 
Bursting,» forth, an explosion, 
(1) bfureAt), gen. and pi. -rce, 
m.; (2) -jieAbA-o, gen. and pi. 
-btA, m.; (3) piéArgAX), -gtA, 
m.; (4) mAVóm, gen. mAt)mA, pi. 
niAómAnnA, m. and /. : may you 
burst in death, mAvóm tiiApb one; 
(5) rcfiACAX), -ctA, m. (M.), 
fC|\ócAX) (U.); (6) bnúccjAii, 
-e, /.; (7) a violent burst of 
water, r$unfvo. -e, -eAnnA. /. 

Burstworth, n. (Bot.), a plant 

(Herniaria glabra) supposed to 
cure hernia, lur nA r eicne. 

Burthen. See Burden. 

Bury, v.t., to cover out of sight, 
as the body of a deceased person 
in a grave, (1) At>tACAim, -At) : 
suffer me first to go and bury 
my father, leig -OAtiirA unceAcc 

Af\ T)Ct1f Agtif m'ACA1|V > o'At>l4CA > 

(Matt. 8, 21) ; (2) AtmACAim, -At>; 
(3) ctnnmi, v.n. cun ; (4) peAjvo 
injur», -115 At). 

Burying. See Burial. 

Burying-ground,f_ See Burial-place 

Burying-place, > 

Bush, n., a thick shrub, (1) coj\, 
gen. and pi. -inn, m.; (2) rgAcAn 
Aicmn, a bush of furze, esp. one 
cut for stopping a gap or harrow- 
ing light ground (Ker.) ; (3) com, 
gen. and pi. -mm, m. (cf. L. 
dumus, a bush), dims. comAn, 
m., and comój ; (4) "oof, gen. 
and pi. -tnr , 711., dim. *oor*Án, m. : 
he who dwelt in the b., An cé 
"o'Áic|\eAb AnnfA T)or (Dent. 33, 
16) ; (5) fgAifvc, -e, -eACA, g., 
pi. f^Anc, /. : put a b. in the 
gap, ctnn fSAifvc 'f A mbeAfWAm ; 
(6) minne, g. id., pi. -i, /. ; (7) 
fgeAc, -eice. -a. /. ; dim. rjeAoog, 
-ói^e, -a, /. 

Bushel, n., a vessel of the capacity 
of a bushel .1. 4 pecks or 8 
gallons, (1) biureAt, gen. and pi. 
-éil, m.; (2) miAc, -A15, m. (gl. 
L. modius). 

Bushy, a., (1) full of bushes, (a) 
fgeAcÁnAó, -Ai§e ; (b) comAc. 
-Aije ; (c) -oof ac, -Ai$e. 

(2) Thick and spreading, of 
hair, (a) gUobAc, -Aije ; (b) 
ciAbAc, -Aije ; (c) motAlldó, 
-Aije ; (d) pit|\cAltAc, -Ait;e. 

Business, n., (1) what one is busy 
upon either for a long or short 
period, also fixed employment 



( 242 ) 


or occupation, (a) 5110, -t&, m., 
which has been corrupted into 
(i) 5110X11,15, -e, -te, m.; (ii) 
5foice, g. id. (Con. and U.) : 
he had b. on another road, bi 
5. a|\ beAtAc eite -dige (H. M. 
1110) ; (iii) 5tiAite, g. id. f. (Or.): 
I have b. with you, I want you, 
cá 5. A5A111 LeAc ; (b) gtifvtÁit, 
-áIa, f. (Con.) ; (c) pjváróitin, 
-"one, /. (Or.) ; (d) cúfiAm, -Aim, 

(2) Trade, art, profession, 
ceÁft), -éijvoe, /. 

(3) Special service, duty or 
employment, (a) obAiji, g. oibfie, 
pi. oibjieACA, /.; (b) fpevo, -e, 
/.; (c) coifs, -e, /. 

(4) Affair, concern or matter, 
(a) cúif , -e, -eAnriA, /. : there is 
neither a ghost nor a goblin 
who does not know his own b., 
ni't fpiofiAro nÁ púcA 5A11 piof 
a cume pém Aige ; (fr) ócÁro, 
-e, -eACA, /.; (c) ctmce, g. id. 
m. (game used fig.) : they 
worked the b. (lit. played the 
game), 'o'imjieA'OAjA ah ctmce 
(P. O'L.) ; (d) mAroe, g. id. m. 
(fig.) : he let his b. drift, teig 
fé a rh-AVoe teif ah c-ffut (Or.). 

Business-like, a., practical and 
methodical, gnótArriAit, -mlA. 

Buskin, n., a strong boot coming 
somewhat up the leg, btiACAir- 
5eAfi\, /. (CBeg.) ; cAlbtAf 

Buss, n., a kiss, póg, -ói^e, -a, /. 

Bustle, n., (1) great stir or con- I 
fusion, (a) -puAiDAtA, gen. -aija, 
m.; (&) ctiAfAro, -e, /.; (c) \ 
bfiAoitte, g. id. f. ; (d) "omp, -e, /. | 
(G. D.) ; (c) -pÁpAt, --Ait, ni. 

(2) Tumult, (a) c^eACAl, -ail, 
m.; (b) |\ACÁn, -Ám, m.; (c) \ 
feif, -e, /.; (d) feifc, -eAfCA, /.; 
(e) c-fVAn^lAm, --Aim, m. 

Bustle, v.i., to move noisily, (1) 
comA 11151m, -ge ; (2) 5^11:11151 m, 

-III5 At). 

Busy, a., (1) assiduously engaged 
on some business either momen- 
tarily or habitually, (a) 511ÓCAC, 
-Aige ; (b) 5j\oiteAc, -urge (Con. 
and U.) ; (c) 5U|\cáIac, -Aige 
(Con.) ; (d) bjioroeAmAiL, -rntA : 
if you are not b., tnimA bi:uit 
Aon bfioro ofvc ; (e) ciijvAmAC, 
-Ai5e ; when I was busiest, ati 
uai|\ bA mó mo cúfiAtn ; (/) 5fut- 
teÁriAc, -Aige ; (g) pf\ÁrotieAc, 

(2) Diligent, constantly en- 
gaged, active, (a) 5níorhAó, -Ai$e ; 
(b) f Aot|\AC, -Ai^e ; (c) y perae-Am- 
Ait, -rntA- 

(3) Officious meddling, noisily 
active, (a) ptiA'OfiAc, -Aige ; (b) 
ciontif5AtAc, -Ai5e (pron. cuif- 
5AÍAC (M.). 

(4) Crowded with business, (a) 
as a street, imgniom-Ac, -Arge : a 
b. street, f ^ato imgniorhAC ; (b) 
of persons, LeAttÁtfiAc, -Aige : 
we are really b. to-day, cÁimí-o 
leAt-tÁmAc(Ati-5noiceAc) > oÁi|vímb 
iíVoiu (Ker.), lit. half-handed .1. 
undermanned for the work to be 

Busybody, n., one who officiously 
concerns himself about the 
affairs of his neighbours, (1) 
bmottf5Aij\e, gen. id., pi. -j\i, ml; 
(2) bf\uf Ai-[\e, m.; (3) 5ob-Aij\e, m.; 
(4) "oiútAc, -A15, m. CoeómAntAc; 
Don.) ; (5) 510-pAijAe, m. 

But, ad., conj., prep., (1) except, 
save, (a) acc (pron. a,c, M.) , 
(b) save that, acc AmÁw. 

(2) But that, save that, but 
for, were it not for, (a) mntiA ; 
(b) mAtiA (M.) : but that she 
asked me for God's sake to 
stay my hand I should have 


( 243 ) 


struck you, mtmAf iAff fi ofm 
A|\ fon T)é cof5 "oo cuf &\\ mo 
lÁnfi "oo buAilpmn cu ', munA 
mbeAt) ; mAf a mbeAt) ; acc munAb 
é 50 ; niAf ' ax) ; rriAf ac ($. Con.); 
meifveAc (A r . Gal.) ; acc com 
beAg (Erris) ; acc a beAg -j acc 
mAfx' beAg (Sligo) ; acc rriAf ' 
béró (Z7.) ; acc mAf d belt) (pron. 
AmAf ' bé, Or.) ; aCc mAf 4 belt) 
cú A5 ól 11Á bí A5 cvmnil *oo cOtia 
T)o C15 An teAnriA (Or.), but if 
you are not drinking do not be 
rubbing your back to the ale- 

(3) Only, solely, merely, (a) 
acc : if they kill us we shall 
but die, mÁ mAfburo irm, ni 
bpin$eAm acc bÁf (2 Kings 7, 4) ; 
(b) acc (AitiÁin) 50, acc (AtfiAin) 
juf , with past time. 

(4) But as little, acc corn 
beAg : I was not there any 
other day but as little, ni 
f AbAf Ann Aon LÁ eile acc coin 

(5) On the other hand, still, 
on the contrary, however, never- 
theless, as connecting sentences 
or clauses more or less exceptive 
or adversative, (a) acc : when 
pride cometh then cometh 
shame, but with the lowly is 
wisdom, An uAif C15 An c-uAbAf 
Annfm 05 tiÁife ; acc bíonn 
eA^nA A5 nA "OAomb umtA (Prov. 
11,2); (b) acc mAf fin pem ; (c) 
5ix')eAT) : now abideth faith, hope 
and charity, these three, but 
the greatest of these is charity, 
Anoir fAtiAro tia cfi neice feo, 
cferoeArii, "OóóAf, Aguf 5fÁ"ó (r.ó 
CAfCAnnAcc) ; gnDeAt) if é ati 
5fÁt) if mó T)iob fo (1 Cor. 
13, 13) ; (d) acc CeAnA : O my 
Father if it be possible let this 
cup pass from me, nevertheless 

[=but] not as I will but as thou 
wilt, a AcAif mÁ'f péroif é 
^AbAt) An ctipÁn fo cofmfA, 
acc ceAnA nÁ bíot) fé mAf if 
coit "UomfA acc mAf if Á1I 
teACfA (Mat, 26, 39). 

(6) further, more, furthermore, 

(a) acc p óf : but they believed, 
acc f óf x)o Cf eroeAT>Af ; but if 
thou marry thou hast not sinned, 
acc fóf mÁ pófAnn cú ní'i 
peAcAt) tunc Ann (1 Cor. 7, 28) ; 

(b) but for all that, nevertheless, 
bioT) : but he did not leave 
himself without witness, biot) 
nÁf f Á5 f é é f ém gAn f iAt)nAif e. 

Butcher, n., (1) one who slaughters 
animals and sells their meat, (a) 
binfcéifv, -éAfA, -éifí, m.; (b) 
bíufceóin, -ófA, -óifí, m.; (c) 
p eóileAT)óin ; (d) p eótAif e ; (e) 
bfocAife, g. id., pl. -fí, m. 

(2) One who kills human 
beings with great cruelty or in 
large numbers, cAfgAfcóif , -óf a, 
-fi, m. 

Butcher, v.t., (1) to kill animals 
for food, mAfbtnjim, -ujat). 

(2) To murder in a barbarous 
way, cAf5fAim, -gAifc. 

Butcher's broom, n., a plant with 
large red berries and leafy 
branches (Ruscus aculeatus), (1) 
cAbfAij (P. O'C.) ; (2) bfUfslAC 
(T.) ; (3) cAbfAf, -Aif , m.; (4) 
cotgbfúm, -íum, w. 

Butchery, n., (1) trade of a butcher, 
btnfcéAf acc, -CA. 

(2) Savage murder, cAf^Aifc, 

-AfCA, /. 

Butler, n., the head servant in a 
large house, (1) bmcléif, -éAfA, 
-fí, m.; (2) -oeogbAife, from 
•oeoc ; (3) 510LLA cofn ; (4) *oÁib- 
eam, gen. and pl. -im, ra.; (5) 
T)ÁileAmÁn, -Ám, m.; (6) feAf 
■OÁtA : 00 501 \\ fé AtmfAn Af An 


( 244 ) 


b^eAft XfÁlA 1 "O'l-Aflfl A1f\ píOttCA 

nutf e meifseAmtA "| *oeocA 5^5^ 


coipt (e.U.U. 311); (7) p|\irh- 
peA"ómAnAC, -A15, m. ; (8) ajvo- 
peA'ómAnAc, -A15, m. 

Butlership, n., the office of a 
butler, peA'ómAnAcc, -a, /., from 
-perotn, use, need, service. 

Butt, n., (1) the thicker end of 
anything, bun, -um, m. 

(2) A mark to be shot at, (a) 
cufpoif, -ójaa, -|\í, m.; (b) fgitp, 
re, -i, /. 

(3) Laughing-stock or person 
at whom ridicule or jest is 
aimed, (a) bAtb (no ceAp) mAg- 
&rt ; (b) bAtl, AniAif (IT). t>.) ; 
(c) pAO}\, -oi-p, m- 

(4) A shove, thrust or sudden 
blow given with the head, f tmgcA, 
g. id. m., also f tinge, -a m : the 
ram gave him a b., tug An ^eiúe 
f ungc t)ó ; cute, -vntc, m. ; 
cuAim, -e, /• 

Butter, n., the oily substance ob- 
tained from cream or milk by 
churning, mi, gen. -e, m. : mAf- 
SAt> ^n ime, the butter exchange 
(Cork) ; what b. or whiskey will 
not cure is not curable, An jvtro 
11AC teigeAf Ann 1m nó tnfge beACA 
ni't LeijjeAf Aifv ; searching for 
b. in a hound's mouth, Ag' toyij; 
ime 1 mbéAt con. 

Bad b., teAfCA|\, -aij\, m. (W. 

Bit from the churn for imme- 
diate use or to give to a child 
or to a beggar, (a) gobtAc, -A15, 
-Aije ; (b) co]aó5, -óige, -a, /. ; 
(c) rsubós, /. 

Roll of butter, meAf^Án, -Ám, 

m. (c/. meAf^Án meA-ób, the cairn 

on Cnoc nA TC.15, near Sligo). 

Butter-bur, n. (Bot.), a plant, (1) 

Petasites vulgaris, bomwi, gen. 

and pi. -Ám, m.; (2) Tusilago 
palustris, gAUÁn (mófi), m. 

Butter-cake, n., ceApAijie, #. id., 
pi. -fi (Or.) : you have the 
hiccough of the b. you did not 
eat, zá fnAg An ceApAij\e nÁji 
it en o|ac (Or. prov.). In Con. 
ceApAi|\e means a slice of bread 
and butter. 

Butter-cup, n. (Bot.), a plant with 
bright yellow flowers (Ranun- 
culous bulbosus), (1) ctnte UAt- 
rhAn, /.; (2) bAmne bó bteAccÁm, 
m. ; (3) peA|\AbÁn, m. (Or.); peAjv- 
AbAn (Don.) ; (4) cAm An ime (Mi); 
(5) ^Aifgín, m. ; (6) buroeog An 


Butterfly, n., the generic name of 
the various kinds of diurnal 
lepidoptera, -péiteAgÁn (and peit)- 
teA^Án), gen. and pi. -Ám (M.) ; 
peAlA^Án, -Ám, m. (Or.) ; peiL- 
eAcÁn, pei"óteAcÁn and peiteACAn, 
m. ; T)AtÁn T)é. 

Buttermilk, n., the milk that 
remains after the butter is 
separted from the cream, btátAc, 
gen. -Áitce (pron. btAtAí), dat. 
-A15, /. : he was full of b. .1. no 
good, bí fé tÁn T>e blÁtAij. 

Butterwort, n. (Bot.), an herb 
(Pinguicula vulgaris), (1) b^o^A 
nA CU1ÚA15 ; (2) trteAf^Án, gen. 
and pi. -Ám, m. 

Buttock, 91., the rump, (1) con, 
-a, pi. id., dat. -óm, /.; (2) mÁf, 
-Áif, m.; (3) j;eAT), -a, pi. id. m.; 
(4) geAiDÁn, g. and p. -Ám, m.; (5) 
geAoóg, -orge, -a, /.; (6) ciaj\ac, 
-A15, -Aije, m.; (7) giomwoe, 
g. id. m.; (8) uat), -ai*o, m. (L. 
nates) ; (9) of an animal, 5oj\un, 
-urn, m. 

Button, n., (1) a knob, a small 
roundish mass, (a) en Ap, -Aip, 
m.; (b) meAtt, g. mitt, pi. id. m. 


( 245 ) 


(2) A fastening for clothes, 
ctiAipe, g. id., pl. -pi, m. : if 
you lend your trousers do not 
cut off the buttons, tnÁ cu^Arm 
cú lAfAcc T)o bfiífce nÁ 5eAj\fi 
ha ctiAipi t>e (prov.). 

(3) A catch, as of a door, 
Cdifceó5, -órge, -a, f. 

Button, v.t., to fasten with a 

button, -oúnAim, -at>. 
Buttonhole, n., the hole through 

which a button is passed in order 

to fasten, pott cnAipe. 
Button-maker, n., one who makes 

buttons, ctiAipeA > oóif\, -ó^a, -\ú, 

Buttress, v.t., to support with a 

buttress, to strengthen, tieAfvc- 

11151m, -1154*0. 
Buttress, n., anything that supports 

or strengthens, as a projecting 

mass of masonry, (1) ceArmcA, 

gen. and pi. id. (O'Beg.); (2) uaca, 

g. id. m.; (3) ^a^X)a\Xa, m.; (4) 

€Af\bAttA, m.; (5) pofAT), -Art, 

-Aroe, m. 
Buxom, a., to be strong, healthy 

and good-looking as well as gay 

and lively, (1) buACAó, -Ai$e ; (2) 

lAirmeArhAil, -tfitA. 
Buxomness, n., the state of being 

buxom, (1) buACAóc, -a, f. ; 

(2) tAirmeAtfilAcu, /. 
Buy, v.t, to purchase, ceAmiuigim, 

-n-dc ; to buy on credit, ceAtmAc 


To buy right out, ceAniiAc 
tA\\ bÁjAfi aitiac ; to buy second- 
hand, ceArmAó ó'n t>ajaa tÁnfi ; 

Buyer, n., a purchaser, ceAnnui§- 
teói|\, m.; ceAnnuvóe, gen. id., 
pl. -x)te, m. 

Buyers, Uicc ceAnnuig. 

Buying, n., the act of purchasing, 
(1) ceAimAcc, -a, /.; (2) ceArmAC, 
-A15, -Aige, m. 

Buzz, n., a humming noise, a con- 
fused murmur, (1) *ootvoÁn, -Áin, 
m.; (2) fiAtifÁu, jjfcr/ (3) cj\ónÁti, 
-Ám, m.; (4) yeó]voÁu, m.; (5) 
fiofA, #. id. m.; (6) fiofÁn, m.; 
(7) fiAbjwi, m.; (8) ciA|\fÁn, m.; 
(9) T)U|\fÁri, m.; (10) •OfAAmroAn, 
m-, also *o|AAnnuÁii ; (11) tnAbjwi, 
buzzing in the head from a blow. 

Buzz, v.i., to make a low con- 
tinuous humming sound like 
bees and hence to utter a mur- 
muring sound, -oojvoAim, -At). 

Buzzard, n. (Zool.), a bird of the 
hawk family, (1) common (Buteo 
vulgaris), (d) pj\éAcÁn á^iíiaij; : 
between hawk and buzzard, be- 
tween the devil and the deep sea, 
beic eiT>i|A feAbAC Aguf p^éAóÁn 
ÁjAiúAij ; (b) ctAtfiAn, -Ám, m. ; 

(2) rough-legged (Archibuteo 
lagophus), bteroifAe moúAtlAó, m.; 

(3) the honey-buzzard (Pernis 
apivorus), ctAriiÁti fUAbAc, m. ; 

(4) moor buzzard (Circus aeru- 
ginosa), ptieón, -óm, m. 

Buzzer, n., a whisperer, (1) C05- 
A|\nuvoe, gen. id., pl. -*bte, m. ; 
(2) cjAónÁmiróe, m. 

Buzzing, «., the act of muttering 
or whispering, (1) cogAfinAc, 
-Aije, /.; (2) fiofAjWAc, -Aije, 
/.; (3) -oiwincAn, gen. and pl. 
-Áin, m. 

Buzzing, a., making a low humming 
sound, (1) T)0fVOÁn4c, -Ai$e ; (2) 
cjAónÁtiAó, -Aije ; (3) ciAjAfÁtiAC, 

By, prep., with, as a means, agency 
or process, te : by advice, le 
corhAij\ie ; by candlelight, te 
folAf coirmle ; by the boat, 
Veif ah mbÁT) ; to scorch by 
fire, "oo tof 5AT) le cemro. te 
also indicates the author or pro- 
ducer : edited by Connor O'Beg- 
ley, assisted by Hugh Buidhe 


( 246 ) 


MacCurtin, A|\ y\-a cun 1 n-eA^Af 
te Concob An Ó t)eA5LAoic rn An 
aou Le congnAiTi &ot> t)uroe 
1Tíac Ctnncin ; printed by James 
Guerin, a^ ua cun 1 5CL0Í) le 
SéAtrmr ^uenm. By me, Horn ; 
by you, LeAc ; by him, Leir ; 
by her, Léi(te) ; by us, Linn ; 
by you, Lib ; by them, Leo (also 
somet. LeotA and LeobtA) ; the 
king's son was killed by me in 
a duel, T)o mA^bAT) mAc ah nig 
Liotnf a 1 5CAt Aoinfrif\ (U. 0. S. 

Note that Le is followed by 
n- before possessive pronouns, 
prefixes 11 to vowels, and be- 
comes Leif before the article au : 
by our own will, Le n-An "ocoiL 
pern ; by daybreak, Le Heinle au 
LAe ; by the frost, Leir au f ioc. 

(2) Close to, near, next to, 
(ft) Le, preceded by LÁufi : sit 
by (near, close or next) me, 
ftiró LÁnii Liom ; in the neigh- 
bourhood of, near, close to or 
not far from a river, LÁitfi Le 
tiAbA-mn ; (b) Le, followed by Air : 
by me, near me, Le ui'Air ; by 
a church, Le UAif ceAmpAiLL. 

(3) Through, by means of, 
(ft) cné, cní : by breaking 
his law, cné CA1LL a caua (K., 
0>b. 1-7) ; by goodness, tné 
rhAiteAf. Pronominally it be- 
comes cníom, cníoc, unit) (him), 
unite (her), cnínn, cníb, uniotA, 
by me, you, him, her, us, you, 
them ; (b) An : by fair means or 
foul, An Áif no An éi^w ; by all 
means, a\\ ^ac aou con. 

(4) In oaths or adjurations it 
indicates the being or thing ap- 
pealed to, (o) T)A|\ : by the 
hand of my father, t)An LÁirh 
ui'AtAfV; by the virtue of the 
elements, t>A|\ bnij; ha h-X)úl ; 

people often say T>An pA-ó to 
avoid saying *oAn T)ia ; in Mun. 
•oAn ipot T)ia ; (b) An : by my 
soul, Aj\ tfi 'au Am ; by all that 
came before you, ah a tjcAwij; 
nótfiAc ; and by the friendship 
of our forefathers, A^ur ajy 
cÁijVoeAf ua rwnrin j\órhAinn. 

(5) At the rate or proportion 
of, measure or quality, A|\ : how 
much by the yard, cA mém aji 
au cfLAic ; by the bulk, An au 
lomLÁu ; by how much ? An cá 
rhéro ? ; by this much, aj\ au 
oif\eAT> f o ; a\\ au rhéro reo ; 
day-by-day, LÁ An Lá, a|\ $ac 
Lá ; year-by-year, dlia'daiu a]a 
DLiA > OAin. 

(6) In accordance with, aj\ : 
unless you stand by your word, 
rrrnnA reArTAro cú aja (t)0T)', 
Don.) T)'pocAL ; I was called by 
that name, ^o'imtigeAr An au 
Amm fm. 

(7) It expresses continuance 
or duration, t>o : by day and 
by night, x>o LÁ if T)'oróce ; day 
by day, LÁ a\k Lá (2 Chron. 21, 
15 ; by rote, by heart, -oo ($Lau) 
tii eAbAin. 

By all means, a^ j;ac aou con ; 
A]\ 5AÓ uiLe con ; a\^ j;ac aou 

til 0*0. 

By and by, Ap bALL. 

By degrees, beAgAn a\\ beAgAn 
(mAn jp'it au cac au r5AT>An); 
uró An n-uro. 

By far, -pÁ rhónÁn : more bril- 
liant than they are now and 
that by far, nior gLAme nA m^n 
ACÁ1X) Auoif i rm pA rhónÁn. 

ify nature, r>o nein nAT)úine. 

B?/ owe's seZ/, Leir péw. 

By reason of the cold, a\\ ron 


By retail, Le miou- > oioL. 


( 247 ) 


By the ears, Af cluApAib a 
céile, t)o nop cine ~\ tnAT)p a. 

By the end of a year .1. within 
a year, -pé ceAnn btiATmA. 

By the same token, x>& com&pt& 
•pm pern. 

By the way, a leitera peo. 

Day by day, lÁ &p lá : year 
by year, btiAT)Am aja btiA'óAm, 
that is each day or year sep- 
arately or by itself. 

To stand by, to support, to 
aid, t>o feAfAtfi teip. 
By, ad., (1) near, in the vicinity, 
1 trgAp. 

(2) Passing near, going past or 
beyond, cajvc, tAipip. 

(3) Aside, as to put by, to 
lay by, *oo cu\\ aj\ teAtcAoib ; 
T)o c«f 1 "orAifge. 

By-name, n., nickname, peAC5Aif\tn 

/.; teA-pAmtn, m. 
By your leave, te "oo toil. 
Byre, n., a cowhouse, (1) cjaó, g. 

id., i)l. -T)AtmA, m. (W. Lim.) ; 

(2) bóiteAc, -tije, -tigte, m. 

(Don.); (3)bótArm, -lAmne, -a, /.; 

(4) buAile, g. id., pi. -tee, /. (c/. L. 

bo vile). The channel in the byre 

is titroeAj\, -T)if\, m. (Don.), clA\f , 

-e, /. (Tyr.), also ctAfÁn, -Am, pi. 

-pArmA, m. ; byre-door, coppAc, 

-aic, m. (Or.). 
By-path, n., cAfÁn, -Ám, m. 
By-road, n., (1) bóitpín, g. id., pi. 

-ni, m.; (2) peAópó'o, m. ; (3) 

cuA^poT), m. ; (4) popóT), -óvo, 

m.; (5) lÁrhpó'o, m. 
By-way, n., (1) cAoibplije, g. id. 

/.; (2) cinlbeAtAc, m. ; (3) Ait- 

5ioppA, flf. *$• w.; (4) coriigAfA, 

-A1p, ííi. 

By-word, n., (1) the object of a 
contemptuous saying, (a) pocAl 
cult, m.; (b) poppocAt, -Ait, m. : 
beit) cú at) fe<mpcVó A^up at> 
poppocAl, you shall be a proverb 

and a by-word (Dent. 28, 37) ", 
(c) pocAt mAjAro, m. : I shall 
make it a proverb and a by- 
word, T>éAtipAit) tné peAnpocAt 
Ajiip pocAt mA^Aro *óe (2 Chron. 
7, 20). 

(2) A common saying, (a) 
SnÁtpocAt, -Ail, m. ; (b) béAl- 
pÁT), -Áró, pi., -Ái'óue, m. 

C. Coll. hazel, (1) the third letter 
of the Irish alphabet, having 
always the sound of k. Etymo- 
logically C is related to g, by 
which it is eclipsed in certain 
conditions. It is derived from 
the Latin C, which comes from 
the Greek r, y. 

(2) As a numeral C stands for 
céAX) or centum, 100. 

Cab, n., (1) a kind of carriage, 
cÁpp, -a, m. (cA|\f\A, g. id. m., M.). 

(2) A side-car, caj\|\a pgiAtÁm. 

(3) A sledge, CAppA pteArhtiÁn. 
Cabal, n., (1) occult doctrine, 

béAtoroeAp (nó f\un) ItmAijeAc. 
(2) An intrigue, (a) corhAipte 

ppíobÁiT)eAc ; (b) "opoc-pún, -inn, 

Cabbage, n., (1) common c, cAb- 

Aipce, gen. id., pi. -ci, m. (also 

5AbÁipce), (cf. CApnc ; It. cap- 

puccio, cowl, hood, cabbage ; 

Fr. cabus, headed, as chou cabus, 

headed cabbage) : a head of 

cabbage, cop CAbÁipte ; also cÁt, 

(2) Wild cabbage (Brassica 

oleracea), ppAipeAó btnt)e, /. 
Cabin, n., (1) a hut, botÁn, got. 

and pi. -Ám, m. 

(2) A room in a ship, peomi\A 

Cabinet, n., a closet, (1) ApmAipe, 

gen. id., m. ; (2) clóipcín, m. 


( 248 ) 


Cabin-hunting, n. ? going from house 
to house for gossip, j\eAtAii)eAC€, 
also ootÁnuAi'óeAcc, -a, f. .1. A5 
jut A|\ bocÁnAib. The person who 
does it habitually is called, (a) 
HeAturóe, #• id., m. The word 
also means a tramp or vagrant ; 
(b) ootÁncuróe, w. 

Cabinet d'aisance, n., (1) cArhjvA, 
#. id., pi. -a\, /.; (2) aiu teiCf\if , /. 

Cabinet-maker, n., one who makes 
cabinets, bureaus, etc., riúméij\, 
-éA|\A, -• pi, m. 

Cable, n., a large strong rope or 
chain, (1) cádIa, g. id., pi. -aí, 
m. ; (2) muifitéA'o, m. ; (3) oll- 
céAT>, m.; (4) torrniA, gf. id., pi. 
-aí, m. 

Cache, n.j a hiding-place, citroó^, 
/. ; en cachette, 1 bpotAc. 

Cachinnation, n., loud or im- 
moderate laughter, (1) fseAfUA-o 
5Á1 j\e, m. (also fjeAfxcAt) ^Ai^roe): 
(2) f5e^c$Ait. -e, /. 

Cackle, n., a sharp, broken noise 
made by certain birds, (1) of a 
hen, 505AL -Ail, m.; fgotgA^nAc, 
m. (Don.) ; (2) of a goose, 505, 
g. 51115, m.; (3) esp. the cawing 
of rooks, 5^5. -Á15, m. Onoma- 
topcetic words. 

Cackle, v.i., to make a sharp, 
broken noise like a hen, 505AU- 
Aim, v.n. 505Á1L and 5055A1I. 

Cackling, n., act of, (1) 505AUAC, 
-A15, -Aige, m.; (2) 505Á1L, -áIa, 
/.; (3) esp. of hens, (a) 5to5Af\n- 
Áit, -Át a, /.; (b) "ouicat), -Arc, m.; 
(c) 5^Á5A|\tAc, -Ai$e, /.; (d) 
5LÁ5AC, -Aige, /. (also ctÁ5Ac, /.). 

Cackling, a., addicted to cackle, 
505AUAC, -Aige. 

Cacoethes, n., a bad custom or 
habit, *0|\ocnof , -a, -Ann a, m. 

Cacography, n., bad writing, •oftoic- 
f5|Aíbneói|AeAór, -ca, f. 

Cad, n., a vulgar, presuming 
fellow, (1) 5eócAi|\e, gen. id., pi. 
-|\í, m.; (2) 5Ai5in, g. id., pi. 
-ni, m. 

Cadaverous, a., having the colour 
or appearance of a dead human 
body, (1) UAtbÁn, -Áme .1. bÁn 
niA|\ a beAt) conp mAj\b ; (2) 
cof rfiAit ie co^p \ (3) "oac ah 
bÁir ; (4) mA|\bÁnAc, -A15C 

Caddie, n., an attendant in golf, 
5ioLtA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. 

Cade, 71., a barrel of herrings .1. 500 r 
bAijutle f5AT)Án .1. CÚ15 cé^x). 

Cadet, n., the youngest son, a 
younger brother, An rriAc ip ói5e ; 
fófAf\, gen. and pi. -aij\, m. (also 
fóifeA|A, opp. to -pmnreAjA). The 
word ceA'oé (cadet) is very com- 
monly used both in Irish and 
Hiberno-English for a strolling 
good-for-nothing — a remnant of 
the recruiting for the t; Wild 
Geese.'" (Cójviia). 

Cadger, n., one who lives or 
sponges on others, fcócAc, -A15, 
m. ; rciocAijie, g- id., pi. -j\i, m. ; 
5eóCAC, -A15, -Aijje, m. ; gAitin. 
g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Cage, n., for birds, (1) cÁr, gen, 
and pi. -Áif, m.; (2) eAnA*oAn, 
-Am, 7n.; (3) cléibín, m. (also 
ctiAbÁn, -Am, m.), dims, of ctiAb, 
a basket : as a cage full of birds, 
An'iAit bíof ctiAbÁn LÁn *o'éAnAib 
(Jer. 5, 27). 

Cairn, n., a sepulchral monument 
in the shape of a conical heap 
of stones, CAjm, -Aif\n, m. 

Abounding in or full of cairns, 
CAifmeAC, -nige. 

Caitiff, 71., a mean despicable per- 
son, (1) |\opAi|Ae, g. id., pi. -f\i, 
m.; (2) Anctnnre, g. id., pi. -ri, 
m, (Ker.) ; (3) uÁif\eAú, -^15. 
m. (G. B.). 


( 249 ) 


Cajole, v.L, to deceive with flattery, 
(1) bf éAgAini, -At) ; (2) «ieAttAi«i, 
-at> ; (3) ceAtgAim, -at). 

Cajoler, n., a wheedler, (1) bféAj;- 
Aine, gen. id. m., also bf éAgATíóif , 
m.; (2) «leAttcóif , -ófA, -ní, m.; 
(3) ctuAnuróe, <y. id., pi. -t)te, 
m.; (4) btA*oAife, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Cajolery, n., wheedling to delude, 

(1) btAT>AifeAcc, -ca, /.; (2) 
ftiAftiiotAt), -tcA, w#.; (3) ptÁ«i- 
Áf, -Áif , Hi.; (4) bféAgnAróeAcc, 
-a, /.; (5) btero, -e, /.; (6) 

fOCAt, -Alt, ?>i. 

Cake, n., a mass of dough baked 
flat, (1) cifce, gen. id., pi. -ceACA 
and -ci, m. : 

t)A «iaic te TlófA pif if póine, 
"Da riiAit te 1lófA círce, 

t)A «1A1C te TlÓfA pfÁCAÍ fÓfCA, 

t)Ainne bó Aguf «« úf . 

(2) ctnnuin, m. (c/. Bret, and 
Corn, torth) ; (3) bAinjin, m.; (4) 
f 11*005, -oi^e, -05A, /. : 

1f ctifA An UijeAnnA 111 1leitt, 

1f tnife ITIac SeAjÁm tine Cinf c, 
Oonncuipnif a« cf 11*005 Af Aon, 

CA« HA1fte «1AC fiO$ «Á A CtirO' 

(5) caca, g. id., pi. -AÍ, m. : a 
cake of the first of your dough, 

CACA T>e'« CéAT) CUttO t>'a bnf 

•ouAof (Numb. 15, 20) ; (6) a 
bannock, botiriog (nó bomneó-5) ; 
(7) bottóg, -óige, -a, /. (Aran ; 
in W. Lim. the baker's loaf) ; 
the end of the loaf, cut ua 
bottói^e (W. Lim.) ; (8) bmtín 
(bintbui, Don.), gen. id., pi. -ni, 
m. (baker's bread, Aran and 
Mayo) ; (9) fnubÁn, -Am, in. ; 
(10) with currants and raisins, 
{a) feAnnAine, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 
{Aran), also feAm^ine, g. id., pi. 

-ní, m.; (b) bAigfeÁn bfe^c ; (11) 
butter-cake, ceApAife, g. id., pi. 
-ni, m. (Or.) ; (12) a cake made 
of oatmeal and butter, covered 
with cabbage leaves, and baked 
in the embers, buAifceÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (13) made of the curds of 
sour milk and baked on the 
griddle, bneACÁn, -Ám, mi.-; (14) 
a hard brittle cake, -gnÁmfeóg, 
-óige, -a, /.; (15)5eACAife, g. id., 
pi. -ni, m.; (16) bAifgeAn, -$w, 
pi. id. and -a, Km. (also bAingin, 
-e, -eACA, /.) : they baked un- 
leavened cakes of the dough, 
*oo bfinceA'OAn bAinjeAn gAn 
tAibin *oo'n cAOf (Ex. 12, 39) ; 
thou shalt bake twelve cakes 
thereof, bntncfró uú t)Á bAinj",in 
'oéAg -oe (Lev. 24, 5) ; cf. (3) 
and (10) (b) above ; «541«, -á«a, 
/., cf. scone. 

Calamitous, a., producing wretched- 
ness, unhappiness or misery, (1) 
«líféAnriiAf , -Ai|\e ; (2) «ií-á-ó- 
t«Af ac, -Ai$e ; (3) míofoncúnAc, 
-Ai$e ; (4) T)onAf ac, -Aige ; (5) 
AinTieif eAc, -pje ; (6) Atti^Af ac, 
-Aige ; (7) AtiACf ac, -Aije. 

Calamity, n., any great misfortune 
or misery, (1) tnifeAn, -few, m. ; 
(2) «ii-At), gen. id. m.; (3) 11110- 
f one tin, -úm, m.; (4) *oonAf , -Aif , 
m. : I will laugh at your c., 
•oo "óéAiifAró tnife fóf ^Áine fÁ 
bun tYoonAf-fA (Prov. 1, 26) ; (5) 
Anvoeif e, gen. id. f. : because the 
day of their c. was come upon 
them, T>e bnig 50 "ocAim^ tÁ a 
n-AinT)eife oft a (Jer. 46, 21) ; 

(6) Aiii^Af , -Aif , m. : he that is 
glad at c. shall not be unpunished 
An cé UtAcgÁinijiof f Á Atú^Af ni 
berá fé^ATi pionúf (Prov. 17, 5) í 

(7) AnACAin, -en a, /.; (8) Ati^cAif 
( = AiifocAif), -cfó, /. : in the 
day of my c, 1 tÁ «10 AnACfA 


( 250 ) 


(2 Sam. 22, 19); (9) lorfiAjvo 
(accent on 2nd syl-), -<a, -aí, m. 
(also -aijvo) ; (10) mc-fcAt), from 
TYIojaoat) An UóiceÁm (Earl of 
Inchiquin), who carried calamity 
wherever he went, hence the 
saying with regard to a man 
who has met with calamity or 
misfortune, connAic ré ITluncAT) 
nó euro "o'Á mtnnncijve ; connAic 
f é TTlufóAT) nó -An co|\ bA j;ionf\á 
•oó ; (11) uionnóifj, -e, -aca, /.; 
(12) CfiuAijrhéite, g. id. f. : I will 
show them the back and not 
the face in the day of their c, 
cAirbeÁnpAró mé An cút T>óib 
A^uf ní bi An A5AIT) 1 t& a 
T)CfuAi$;méite (Jer. 18, 17). 
Calcannon. See Champ. 

Calcareous, a., of the nature of 
carbonate of lime, cAitceAc, -cije. 

Calculable, a., that may be calcu- 
lated, ro-ÁineAtíitA. 

Calculate, v.L, to compute or 
reckon up, comAinmim, -j\eArh, 
imper. corhAimm. 

Calculated, a., ascertained by cal- 
culation, COtt'lAlfVeAlflCA. 

Calculating, n., finding out by 
calculation, fioriiAif\eAcc, -a, /. 

Calculating, a., of or pertaining to 

calculations, coriiAijufieAc, -tinge. 
Calculation, n., the act or process 

of computing, corhAifieAm, -mm, 

Calculator, n., one who computes 

or reckons, (1) ÁitAeAtntói^, -ójia, 

-óif\í, m.; (2) m'oriiAipe, g. id., pi. 

-f\i, m. 
Caldron, n., a boiler, coi|\e, g. id., 

pi. -m', m. : this city is the c. 

and we the flesh, ir í aw cacai|\- 

reo An coij\e *j rmne An peoiL 

(Ez. 11, 3). 
Caledonia, n., Scotland, &\x>a, -n, 

dat. -Am, /. 

Caledonian, n., a native of Cale- 
donia, AtbAnAc, -A15, m. 

Caledonian, a., Scottish, AlbAnAc,. 

Calendar, n., an almanac, reiU^e, 
gen. id., pi. -m~, m.; míorACÁn,. 
-Am, m. 

Calends, n., the first day of each 
month in the Roman calendar, 
CAttAwn, caIXawo, g. CAilie and 
coitle, /. (cf. tA CoiUe, New 
Year's Day, the Calends of 
January ; cf. L. calendse) ; Art 
céAT) tÁ *oe'n mi imeAfc ua 

Calf, n., young of a cow, (1) ^AtriAin, 
-irmA, 2^. id. m. (cf. Skr. gau, 
ace. 5 Am, cow). 

(2) A calf when quite young,. 
Laoj, -A015, m. (cf. W. llo ; Corn, 
loch ; Bret, leué) ; tAoi^peóit, 
veal. In calling calves to drink 
one says r uc, f uc. 

Calf of the leg, n., cotpA (gen. id.) 
r\A coire. 

Calf -pen, n., tiortAog, m. 

Calf's rennet, n., bmro, -e, -i, /. 

Calf's skin, n., cfioiceAnn SAtrmA,. 

gen. -cmn, pi. -cne, m. 
Calico, n., plain white cotton cloth r 

cAT)Ar, g. and p. -Áir, m., also 

cat) ac, -A15, m. 
Calk, v.t., to drive tarred oakum 

into the seams of a ship to' 

prevent leaking, cAtcAim, -a-o ; 

long t>o cAtcAT) ; ua rgoitce "OO' 

tíonAT) te bóctim. 
Calker, n., cAtcAifie, g. id., pi. -m% 

m. ; calkers, tucc caícaix). 

Calking, n., the act of making the- 
seams of ships water-tight, 
caIcat), -Ait) ; material for calk- 
ing, -pcAon, -a, m. 

Calking-iron, n., a chisel-like instru- 
ment used in calking, cAlcAij\e y 
g. id., pi. -j\i, m. 


( 251 ) 


Call, v.t., (1) to command or request 
a person to appear or a thing to 
be brought, (a) 5tAot)Aim, *-t>Ac, 
and stAOT) with a\k : he called a 
servant, t>o glAot) fé a\\ f einbif- 
eAc ; (b) goinim, v.n. goinm nó 
5Ainm : then he called for a light 
and sprang in, A^ur a\k nsAinm 
An fotAf T>ófAti, X)o fÁit fé 
ifceAó (Acts 16, 29). 

(2) A divine call for some work 
or service, goinim, v.n. goinm nó 
5Ainm : behold I have called 
Besaleel by name, peuc t>o join 
imé 50. tiAintnmjte a\í t)efALeeL 
(Ex. 31, 2) ; Paul called to be 
an apostle, pól . . . . *oo soineAii 
cum beit n-A AbfOAt (Rom. 1, 1). 

(3) To convene or convoke a 
meeting, coimíionól x>o j;tAot)Ac, 
x>o cnuirmiujAt) no "oo jAinm : 
call a solemn assembly, goinro 
coitfitiotiól fottAtfiónuA (Joel 2, 

(4) To name, (a) sAinrmm (with 
*oe) -meAt> and gAinm : he called 
me rogue, *oo jAinm fé nó^Aine 
'óíom (onm, Don.) ; goinim (with 
T>e) v.n. 501 nim *j ^Ainim : and 
God called the light day and the 
darkness he called night, Aguf 
x>o join T)ia tjo'ti cfotuf IÁ -| 
■•oo'n •ooncA'OAr t>o join f é oróóe 
(Gen. 1, 5). 

(5) To designate : we call the 
proud happy, 501n1m.iT> fonA *oo'n 
uAioneAC (Mai. 3, 15). 

(6) To speak in a clear loud 
voice, gAinmim, -meAt), and 
^Ainm : to call the roll of an 
assembly, AnmAmiA coimcionóil 
*oo jAinm peAn A|i -peAn. 

(7) To appeal to or invoke, 
(a) and I call God to witness 
upon my soul, Agtrp $;oinim "Oia 
•o'piA*óriAipe 1 h-ajaix) m'AnmA 
(2 Cor. 1, 23) ; thou calledst in 

trouble and I delivered thee, 
a mbtiAineAX) "oo join uii 1 "oo 
fAon mé tú (Ps. 81, 7) ; (b) 
érjun, -jeArii. 

(8) To awaken, as from sleep, 
(i) miifrjim, -peAcc and -f ja-ó : 
to call one up in the morning, 
•oume "oo •óúfSA'ó A|\ mAVow ; 
(ii) múfsLAim, -5A1U:. 

(9) To call to account, (a) 
•omne *oo jAinm cum cunnuAir ; 
(b) éitijim, -teAtri and -LmjAT). 
See Accuse. 

(10) To cry aloud, shout, 
fgAinam, -ceAc. See Cry. 

(11) To call names .1. nick- 
names, LeAfAinm *oo cun a\\ 
•ótune nó x>o zaVjam^z aj\ mnne. 

Call, v.i., to speak in a loud voice, 
to address by name, (1) gtAox)- 
Aim, -x)ac and glAot) : to call 
for a drink, ^Iaox)ac a|\ tnj ; to 
call aside, jIaot) Ap LeAtcAoib ; 
(2) 5oinim, v.n. ^oinm and 
5Ainm : and the Angel of God 
called to Hagar, -| *oo join Am- 
-geAl T)é xVf\ tlAgun (Gen. 21, 17). 
To call for a story, a song, etc., 
f^eAi (nó Amj\Án) a^axyi one. 

To call a doctor, cav\ é An c-Am 
por a cun An (mit pA'n) *ooccinn 
tiuAin aca An mune mAno. 

Call, n., (1) the act of calling, a 
summons, (a) by shouting with 
the voice, 5IA0T), -oto, m. : I 
heard the call of a man of Erin, 
cUnneAf 5IA0T) CineAuuAij (Ct. 
Uir .) ; the articulate sound in 
calling the attention of a person 
at a distance is tie, also tióí ; 
noij (Molloy's Gram.) ; (b) by 
proclamation or writing, «^Ainm, 
-AnmA, pi. id. and -AnuiAnnd, /. 
(c/. 5Ainm fgoile, a summons 
to the bards of a certain dis- 
trict to meet at a given place ; 
in folk-lore a general proclama- 


( 252 ) 


tion presumably by word of 
mouth ; (c) a complaining cry, 
as of one in distress, éij;eAm, 
-$me, /. 

(2) A short visit, (a) ceiLroe, 
g. id. /.; (b) ^Lao-óaó, -A15, m, ; 

(C) CI1A1JVO, /• 

(3) Moral obligation, call, -aiLL, 
m. : they were not called upon 
to meddle in the matter, ni ftAib 
call (j;noite, Don.) aca bAmc Leif ; 
cá oj\m a LeitéiT) x>o T)éAíiAm. 

Caller, n., visitor, (1) cuAif\ceoin, 
-ó|\a, -|\í, m.; (2) cértróceóif\, m. 

Calling, n., (1) the act of attracting 
attention, (a) shouting, ^lao'dac, 
-A15, m. (also sIaot^ac, -Aije, 
/.) ; (b) by calling to account, 
éiLeAtti, -Lim, m.; (c) by calling 
to horses. A5 puA^Aift; ajv v\a 
cAipLib (111. t>.). 

(2) Calling (in life), (a) means 
of livelihood or employment, 
(i) 5Ai|\m, -AjmiA, pi. id. and 
-AftmAnnA, /. (also gAi-pm beAtA) ; 
(ii) ceÁ|vo, -éijvoe, pi. id. /.; (b) 
divine calling : that you may 
make sure of your calling and 
election, Le bAj\ ri5Aif\m 1 Le 
oaj\ "ocoja X)o *oéAriAm "610115- 
mÁlzA (2 Pet. 1, 10). 

Callosity, n., a hardened or 
thickened spot on the bark 
of a tree or on the skin, fpuAic, 
-e, -eAmiA, /. ; \:ax>a jicÁn . m. 

Callous, a,, hardened in mind, 
unfeeling, (1) cjuiAro, -e ; (2) 
fptiAiceAc, -cije. 

Callousness, n., hardness of mind, 
insensibility, cjuiA"OAf, -Air, m. 

Callow, a,, unfledged, jau cLúm. 

Calm, n., stillness, (1) cuuneAf, 
-nif , m. : and there came a 
great calm, A^tif tA\m£ cunri- 
eAf niót\ Ann (Mat, 8, 26) ; (2) 
f tiAin'ineAf , -nip , m. : the wind 
ceased and there was a great 

calm, xyo CIÚ11115 au ^aoc -] *oo 
bí ruAimneAf móf\ Ann (Mark 
4, 39) ; (3) a dead calm on sea 
and land, bAwcéif, -éAjiA, m. 
(T'T. Ker.) ; cá f é 'u-a caLth 
U|\éi5iL (M. O'D.) ; (4) mAoLAt), 
-Lua, m.; (5) after a storm, acaL, 
-ail, m. 

Calm, v.t., to render still or quiet, 
(1) ciúwim, -ueAT) (cininigim, 
-iujjat!)) ; (2) reirmgim, -lugA^o ; 
(3) mAoLmjim, -uja^o (also mAoL- 
Aim, -At)). 

Calm, a., (1) not stormy, quiet, 
still, (a) cunn, -e : what shall 
we do to thee that the sea may 
be c, cfvéAT) "oo "óéAHAm LeAC 
cof 50 mbeAX) ah -pAififyse cunn 
(Jonah 1, 11) ; take me up and 
cast me into the sea and the 
sea shall b c. to you, cójai-ó 
fiiAf mé 1 ueiL5i*ó Am AC 'fAn 
li>£Aij\f\5e mé, rtiAfv rm bero An 
-pAif\fV5e ciuin AgAib ; (b) fow- 
eAnn^A, ind. 

(2) Not agitated by emotion, 
(a)réim,-e; (b) rÁm, -Áime (also 
f ÁrhAc, -Ai$e) ; (c) f eAf5Ai|t, -e ; 
(d) r tiAufmeAc, -nige (also fUAim- 
iieAfAc, -Aige). 

Calming, n., the act of rendering 
still or quiet, ciínniugA'ó, -mgte, 
m. : the calming of the night 
[means] the continuance of the 
storm, cunning At) ua Horace, 
buArmjjA'ó riA -pcoimne. 

Calmer, n., one who or that which 
makes calm, ciúmi$teóif\, -ójaa, 

Calmness, n., the state or quality 
of being calm, (1) cunne, g. id. 
f. : c. succeeds the storm, 1 
tvoiAit) ha rcoiftne 05 ah ciúm- 
CAf (D. E. 137) ; (2) r uAnfmeAcc, 
-a, /.; (3) réime(Acc), /.; (4) 
fomeAuricAcc, -a, /. (also foin- 
eAtlTYOAf , -A1f , m.) 


( 253 ) 


Calotte, n., a kind of cap, bACAin : 
and his c. down over his eyes, 

/^tlf A UACAin An 11 Af Af\ A f Ú1I10 

Caltrop, n. (Bot.), the star-thistle 
(Centaurea calcitrapa), ptibirin, 
m. (also pUbircin). 

Calumniate, v.L, to slander, mAr- 
tutgim, -u^At). 

Calumniated, a., slandered, mAf- 

Calumniating, n., accusing falsely 
in order to injure one's good 
name, mAfUigAT), -tu^te, m. 

Calumniator, n., one who defames, 

(1) mArUnjceoin, -ój\a, -ní, m. ; 

(2) cÁmreóin, -ójaa, -|\í, m. 
Calumnious, a., slanderous, mAf- 

tui§£e&ó, -uit;e ; cuAitleAr ac, 

Calumny, n., malicious misrepre- 
sentation, detraction, (1) mAftA, 
(/. id. m. (also mArUirgceAcc, /.)." 
(2) cúL-CAinnc, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (3) 
eibin, -e, /. (also eibinc, -e, /.; (4) 
ciiAicteAf, -a, m.; (5) mirgeAt, 
-éit, w.; (6) míteirc, -e, -eAnnA, 
/.; (7) bío"OÁn, -Ám, m. 

Calve, to.i., (1) to bring forth a 
calf, beimm, v.n. b^eit : I think 
they have a cow on the eve of 
calving, ceApAim 50 bpint bó te 
bneit aca (t). p.) ; the cow 
calved, -oo juig ati bó ; a cow 
calving, bó aj; bneit tAoig. 

(2) To bring forth young : 
canst thou mark when the hinds 
do calve, An b^é^voAnn cíi a óom- 

AjAtUJJA'Ú CÁ TlUAin beifUT) UA 

tieiUce IA015 (Job 39, 1) ; a mare 
casting a foal, lÁin A5 bneit 
r eA|\|\Ai$ ; a sow farrowing, 
cnÁm A5 bneic bAnb. 

Cambric, n., a fine linen fabric, (1) 
péinlín, g. id. m. ; (2) CAimnic, 
-e, /. 

Came, imp. of Come : he came. 

cÁini5 ré ; I came, tÁriAj ; it 
came to pass, cÁnlA ; I came 
like water and like wind I'll go, 
tÁnjjAf iua|\ tur^e if mAj\ jjAoit 
unteóóAT) ; everything that came 
or will come, ^ac nit) tÁmij; nó 
tiocpAró ; a T>cÁmi5 if a "oaoc- 


Camel, n., a large ruminant beast 
of burden in Asia and Africa, 
CAmAtt, -A1UI, m. (cf. Gr. Ka/x^Xo?). 

Camomile, Chamomile, n. (Bot.), 
a herb of the genus Anthemis, 
(1) common c. (A. nobilis). 
fíojA-oÁn, -Ám, m.; (2) corn c, 
(A. avernis), comÁn míontA, m.; 
com Án meAUA (Hogcm) ; (3) 
dog's c. or magweed (A. catula), 
pméAt mA'onA (nó mAT)Ait)). 

Camp, n., a collection of tents, (1) 
cAmpA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. ; 
CAmcA (Mun.) ; (por)Lon5ponc, 
-pwnc, m. : a flying camp, 
CAmpA neACA ; a camp fight, 
comnAc CAmpA. 

(2) A collection of women for 
preparing or spinning flax or 
wool, ceAmp, -a, m. ; meiteAt, 
-tie, pi. id. and -tteACA, /. 

Camp, v.i., to erect a camp, 

CAmpA T)0 CUfV rior. 

Campaign, n., (1) a stage in a 
war, cojaxj, m. ; rluAjA-o, m. 

(2) The time an army remains 
in the field, AimreAn cosavo. 

Campanile, n., a bell-tower, 01015- 
teAó, m. ; dogcAr, m. 

Camphor, n., a white aromatic 
resin or gum, componA ( Y.B.L. 
345, a. 29). 

Campion, n. (Bot.), a plant, (1) 
rose or garden c. (Lychnis coro- 
naria). cíj\eÁn C01I15, m.; (2) 
wild c. (L. didica), coineÁn 
coUleAó (Din.) ; (3) red-flowered, 
wild c. (L. diurna). cíneÁn coit- 
cac (D.). 


( 254 ) 


Can (a vessel), n., (1) cAnnA, gen. 
id. m.; (2) míotÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) 
^AtÁn, -Ám, to. : gALÁn cnuróce, 
milking can ; also ^Altm , m. ; 

(4) cAt)Am, -e, -nee, /. (P. 5.) ; 

(5) cinnnin, #. id., pi. -ní, m.; 

(6) cunAfÁn, -Am, to. 

Can, vi., to be able, followed by 
an infinitive expressed or under- 
stood, (1) péA*OAim : •oéAnpvo é 
mÁ -péAT)Aim, I will do it if I 
can ; I cannot, ní f éAT)Aim ; 
(2) I can, if péroin tiom : gold 
can be bought dearly, péAT)CAn 
ón "oo ceAnnAC 50 *OAon ; (3) 05 
liom : an empty bag cannot 
stand, ní C15 te mÁtA polAtn 
r e-Af Atii ; you cannot put an 
old head on young shoulders, 
ní 05 teAC ceAnn cnionnA a cu|\ 
An gtiAitnib 05A ; (4) 1 n-Ann : 
I can swim, cá mé 1 n-Ann 
rnÁim ; (5) uÁim 1 n-mmb oibne, 
I can work ; (6) cAim 1 niocc 
rnibAit Anoir, I can walk now ; 

(7) cÁim ÁbAtCA aja niro nó "óó 
a t)éAnAm, I can do a thing or 
two ; (8) •oojeibmi, I get, find 
as : if I could get in, x>& bpuijmn 
*out irceAc ; you cannot get 
there to-night, ni optnjin t>uL 
Ann Anocu. 

Canal, n., an artificial waterway, 
(1) peAT)Án, -Ám, to. (G. D.) ; (2) 
tÁT), -Á1T), to. ; (3) T)obA|\ctAif , 
--pe, -eACA and -eAnnA, /., from 
*oob Aj\, water, and clAir, a trench 
(cf. canals, ctAireAnnA, Ir. Mn. 
2008) ; (4) cAnÁit, -áíac, /. 
(O'Beg.); (5) cAmnéAt, -éit, to. 
(Din.); (6) LotAn, to. (gl. canalis.) 

Cancel, v.t., to cross or mark out 
part of something written, r gmor - 
Aim AmAc ; jeAnnAim aiuac. 

Cancer, n., (1) a malignant growth 
attended with pain and ulcera- 
tion, Aittif , -ttf e, -ttf eACA, /. ; 

(2) T)AO|AOCfAf, -Air, to.; (3) 
btnnbeAm (p. !.)• 

Cancer wart, pAitne Aillre 

(V- U 

Cancerous, a., like a cancer, 

AittreAC, -fige. 

Candelabrum, n., a large candle- 
stick having several branches, 
comnteóin cnAobAó, to. 

Candid, a., (1) fair, free from bias, 
(a) "oifveAc, -mje ; (b) glAn- 
ntnvoA, ind.; (c) pinmneAc, -mje. 
(2) Frank, outspoken, or- 
5AitceAc, -oje, nó ^of^AitceAc, 

Candidate, n., one who goes or is 
put forward as a seeker for office, 
(1) iAnnAtói|\, -ónA, -|\í, m.; (2) 
coiméitijteóin, to. 

Candle, n., a cylinder of tallow, 
wax, etc., with a wick to give 
light, comneAl, -nnte, -nnli, /. 
(cf. L. candela) : when the two 
ends of the candle are lit it 
will not last long, nuAin a bionn 
t>a ceAnn nA comnte An lAfAT) 
ní feAfpATO p aX)\:ax>. A thin 
candle formerly made by dipping 
the pith of rushes in melted 
tallow, pÁroeóg, -ói^e, -a, /. 
(M. and Or.), -pÁroeóg {Con.) ; 
also geACAine, g. id. pi. -pi, m. 
The comneAl was made in a 

Candlelight, n., light afforded by 
a candle, rotAf comnle. 

Candlemas, n., the Feast of the 
Purification of the Virgin Mary 
on the 2nd of February, ]. % éit 
ITItnne ua ^comneAl, An T>AnA 
tÁ *oe mi peAbjAA ; péit tDnn^oe. 

Candle-snuffer, n., a utensil for 
removing the snuff from candles, 
5tAncóin comnte. 

Candlestick, n., an instrument for 
supporting a candle, comnteóin, 
-óf a, -óiní, to. (cf. Candelabrum). 


( 255 ) 


Candour, n., frankness, sincerity 
(1) "oeigriiéin ; (2) "oeijrinAn- 
acc ; (3) 5lAine inorme ; (4) 
píf\óeAtinf acc ; (5) focf\Ait)eAC€, 
-a, /.; (6) (p)of5AitceAcc, -a, /. 

Cane, vt-, to beat with a cane, 

5At)Aim le bACA A|\. 

Cane, n., (1) walking cane ; (2) 
daca, g. id., pi. -aí, m. ; (3) 
cÁriA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. ; (4) 
tnAroe tÁiriie. 

(2) The common reed (Phrag- 
mites communis), 5iotcAc,-Aije, /. 

Canicula, n., Sirius or the Dog-star, 

f\éAlX IUAT)|VA, /. 

Canicular, a., pertaining to or 
measured by the rising of the 
Dog-star, rnA-o^AriiAit, -rhtA : as 
hot as the dog-days, com ce teif 
nA lAecib mAT>fiAtrilA. 

Canine, a., of or relating to dogs, 

(1) mAT)f\AtiiAil, -rhtA : ciocfidf 
tn at) |\ Atú ah, canine greediness ; 

(2) con*OA, ind.; (3) cofriiAit te 


Caning, n., the act of beating 
with a cane, ouaIat) te rnAvoe 
tÁufie (fCAipeog, Don.). 

Canister, n., a small tin case, 
burpgín fcÁin. 

Canker, n., a corroding ulcer, (1) 
CAtincAjA, -A1|\, m.; (2) t)aoj\- 
otfAf, -Aif, m. ; (3) cnÁtfiAinn, 

Cankerous, a., of the nature of a 

canker, cArmcAr\AC, -Aije ; cnÁrh- 

AmneAc, -urge. 
Cannabine, a., pertaining to hemp, 

cnÁibeAC, -bi$e. 
Cannibal, n., a human being that 

eats human flesh, -peAj\ itce 

"OAome ; AriiAf, -Aip, m. 
Cannon, n., a great gun, gurmA 

Cannonade, v.t., to fire at from 

cannon, tÁriiAó te 5unnAroib 


Cannon-ball (cannon-shot), n., 
pitéA|\ gunnA riiói|\. 

Cannoneer, n., a man who fires 
cannon, f AijTuúrv ^unnA mófv ; 
5unnói|\, m. , 5tmnA > oóifv 

Cannot, ní péAT)Aim ; ní péi*oif\ 
tiom ; rií C15 tiom ; ní'tim 1 
n-inmb ; ní'trni 1 juocc ; ní't 
neA|\c, ÁrvAó, *oÁit nó pA^Áit 
AgAm aiji. See Can. 

Canoe, n., (1) a boat made of the 
trunk of a tree, (a) tiAobóg, -órge, 
-a, /. (c/. Gr. vavs, Skr. náu, Ace 
návam); (b) coice AonrhATOe, gr. 
id., m. ; (c) crvAtin ftiÁtfiA, m. 

(2) Made of skins or other 
material, (a) curvAó, -A15, pi. id. 
and -a, m.; (5) curvACÁn, -Am, m. 

Canon, n., a deep narrow gorge or 
ravine worn by w T ater, cumAfv, 
-Ai|\, m. 

Canon, n., (1) a law or rule, a law 
or rule of ecclesiastical doctrine 
or discipline, the books accepted 
as Holy Writ, cAnóin, gen. -óua, 
-óine, /.; (2) a member of a 
cathedral chapter, cAnónAc, • A15 

Til. ', (3) fvlAJAlt, -§tA, -gtACA, / 

(a rule) ; (4) iDtijeAt), gen. 51Í) 
gen, id., pi. -jte, m., somet. / 

Canonical, a., established by or 
according to a canon, cAnoncA 
nA teAb|\A cAtióncA, the canonical 
books ; also cAnótroA ; canonical 
hour, c|\Át, -a, pi. id. and -AntiA, 
m. : keeping the canonical hours, 
a$ T)éAnArh CfvÁtA. 

Canonist, n., a professor of canon 
law, cAíiónAó, -A15, m. 

Canonization, n., the decree under 
which the name of a deceased 
person is placed on the catalogue 
of saints, (1) cAnónujAT), -uijte, 
m.; (2) tiAorhujAX), m. ; (3) 
cAnórroAóc, -a, /. 

Canonize, v.t., to declare a de- 
ceased person a saint, (1) tiAorh- 


( 256 ) 


$ním, v.n. iiAoiívóéAnAiv» : cmnini 
An unfnn iia nAOrii. 

(2) nAorhtnjim, -115AT). 

Canonry (Canonship), %., a benefice 
in a cathedral or collegiate 
church, cAnóncAcc, -ua, /. 

Canopy, n., (1) an ornamental 
projection over a door, window, 
etc., (a) f5-Áit bnAC, /. ; (b) 
téAnpotAc : LéAnpotAó ua rpéine, 
the canopy of heaven. 

(2) Covering over a bed, dais, 
etc., (a) ceAnnbnAC, -bnmc, m.; 

(b) uéAfCAn, -Ain, m.; (c) cÁtAro, 
-e, -i, /. ; on the canopy of the 
bed, aj\ t&l&ro ua teAptA (Or.) ; 
(d) T)ion cum. 

Cant, u.i., to auction, cAncÁiLwi, 

-cÁit. £ee Auction. 
Cant, n., (1) slang language, (a) 

uaú, -a, m.; (b) "béAnlA bnirce ; 

(c) "ÓéAntA 5^|\ (? 5e^|\|A), also 

tDéAnlA^Ain tlA fAOfl. 

(2) Hypocrisy, béAtcnÁibí- 
eAcu, -a, /. 

Cantankerous, a., perverse, con- 
tentious, cnÁróceAc : a cantank- 
erous person, cnÁróceACÁn, -Ám, 

Canteen, n., (1) a vessel, caiwa 

(2) Shop in a garrison, cAincin. 

Canter, n., an easy gallop, cor 1 
n-Áijvoe nérá ; cop a n-Áijvoe 

Cantharides, n., Lytta or Cantharis, 
vesicatoria; Spanish fly, ctnt 

Canticle, n., a hymn, cAinoc, -e, 
-h /• 

Canting, n., selling by auction, 

CA11UÁlt, -ÁtA, /. 

Canting, a., hypocritical, béAt- 

cnÁibteAú, -cige. 
Cantlet, n., a fragment, btúine, m.; 

rnín, -ne, -neAnnA, /.; piorA, oen. 

id. iw. 

Canton, n., a small territorial 
district, cAncún, -úw, wi. 

Cantonal, a., relating to a small 
territorial district, cAncvmAc, 

Cantonize, v.t., to divide into 
cantons, cAncihiAim, -at> (O'Beg.). 

Cantonized, v. a., cAnriincA. 

Cantred, n., a district comprising 
a hundred villages, (1) ceAnnuAn, 
-Ain, m. (c/. L. centum) ; (2) 
cnmcA céAT>, from which the 
Barony of Trughanacmy in 
Kerry ; céA*o bAite diacaij. 

Canvas, n., cloth made of hemp 
or the coarse part of flax, (1) 
CAUAbÁf (pr. CAnpÁf), -Aif, m. ; 
(2) AnAi|\c, -ce, -reACA, /. (bandle 
cloth or coarse linen). 

Canvass, v.t, to go through with 
personal solicitation or public- 
addresses, sJUtAntlA T)'lA|A^ArÓ, tO 

ask for votes. 

Canvassing, n., T)uij;AineAcr, -a, /.: 
he has been canvassing me for 
two days, uá r é 05 -ouK;AineAcc 
onm te t)Á tÁ (Or.). 

Cany, a., abounding with canes, 
5iolCAtfiAit, -rhtA. 

Cap, n., (1) covering for the head, 
(a) CAipin, gen. id., pi. -ni, m.: 
night cap, CAipin oróce ; take 
off your cap, bAin t>íoc "00 
CAipin ; a considering cap, CAipin 
LéAnrmuAinin'i ; a helmet, CAipin 
cojAro ; CI05AT), i)i-. cmnOeAnu, 
/. ; CAipin fonAif , a child's caul, 
supposed to preserve from 
drowning and hence prized by 
sailors ; (b) bÁinéAT), -éro, m.; 

(c) beAfXA-o, -ait), m. (Don. and 
Or.), (c/. L. birrettum, a cap) : 

UUA1|\ ACÁ *DO beA|AAT) *S\\ TJO 

ceAnri uá "oion An "oo C15 (Or.) ; 

(d) college-cap, cutT)Anún, -inn, 
m.; (e) woman's cap, (i) CArop. 
-e, -eAnnA, /.; (ii)beAnnó$, -015c 


( 257 ) 


-a, f. ; (/) cao$a, g. id., /'. ; a 
woman's black cap, c.\oj:a "óub 

(2) Cap, crown or climax, 
buAc, -Aice, -a, /. : it crowns 
you, if é "oo GuAc é ; it crowns 
the country, 'fé buAc ua cij\e 
é. t)uAc also means a cap of 
mist on a hill. 
Capability, n., intellectual power 
or ability, etatnAp, -Aif, w*. 

Capable, a., possessing ability or 
capacity, (1) ctnriAf ac, -Aije ; 
(2) wneAtúAit, -riilA ; (3) éi-[um- 
eAriiAit, -rntA ; (4) AcpinnneAC, 
'tinge (Or.). See Able. 

Capableness, n., the quality or 
state of being capable, cumAf.Acu 
-a, /. 

Capacious, «., large, roomy, £Aif\- 
fiuj, -e : a harbour c. enough 
for four hundred ships, cuau 
-p-Aif\r-inj; 50 teój\ t>o ceit|\e céAt) 
ion 5 (O'Beg.). 

•Capaciousness, n., the quality of 
being capacious, £Aif\rin5e, gen. 
id. f. 

•Capacitate, v.t., to render capable, 
•oéAUAim ctnriA-pAc irmeAriiÁft, 
éifumeAifiAiL nó .AcpiunneAc. 

Capacity, n., state of being capable, 
(1) ctrniAf, -Air, m.; (2) -Acptnnn, 
-rme, -nneACA, /. : and he gave 
to each according to his c. or 
ability, Agtif T)o tug fé *oo $ac 
*otnne T)o fiéin a Ac-ptunne ; also 
AcpnwneAcu, -a, /. ; (3) mental 
c, (a) éijum, -e, /.; (b) "LeAbA-p 
oij\eAtrmAc T>on mncteAcc if 
tAige, a book suited to the 
meanest c. 

Cap-á-pie, ad., from head to foot, 
(1) ó bAtAf 50 bonn ; (2) ó 
ceAnn 50 coir ; (3) ó f Ail jnnn ; 
(4) ó bA|\|AA 50 "oiii-pA ; (5) 6 n'iul- 
Lac 50 bonn. 

Caparison, n., ornamental harness, 
(1) ófnÁix) eic ; (2) 5léAf cApAuvi. 

Caparison, v.t., to harness, 5léAr- 

Aim, -AT). 

Caparisoned, a., harnessed, ^téAr-uA, 

Cape, h., (1) headland or promon- 
tory, (a) ceAnn cí|\e, gen. cmn- 
cine ; (b) nmn, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (c) 
]AOf , í/e/i. fviur, pí. i$. and norA, 
»i.; (d) mAol, -one, -oileACA, f. 

(2) Of a cloak, cÁbA, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m. 

(3) Of a coat, coitéAfi, -é-qA, Mi, 

Caper, v.i., (1) to skip playfully, 
•OAtrifAim, -At) : the calves on a 
summer morning capering on 
the leas, nA jjAtrmA inAVow c-p-An'i- 

ttAIT) A5 T)AfilAf AfV UA bÁUCAlb. 

(2) To play pranks, céA-p-fAAnn, 

Caper, n., (1) a frolicsome skip or 
hop, -oAniAr, g. id., pi. -aí, m. 

(2) A prank, (a) cteA-p , -a, pi. 
id. --Ann a and cUr, m.; (b) -pofv- 
CAmÁf, rAif, m?.; pojicAth Af (Con.) 
(c) geAb, -a, »i. ; (d) ph jeAiufi. 

Caper, ?i. (Bot.), a shrub (Capparis 
spinosa), -ppeACAn, -Am. m. 

Capercailzie, n. (Zool.), a species 
of grouse (Tetrao urogallus), 
cApAtt coilte (Sc). 

Caperer, n., one who capers, (1) 
T)AtfirAi]\e, g. id., pi. -|\i, m.' r (2) 

T)AtÚfÓ1|A, -ÓpA, -|AÍ, »d. 

Capering, n., (1) act of playing 
pranks, céAj:nÁit. -SLa, /. 

(2) Fawning, as a dog, túpuAft, 
-Ain, m. ; tnrc|\Áit, -áVa, f ; 

tÚCAlt, -ÁtA, f- ; pliifUA-p, -A1|\, 

í». (2>%) 
Capering, «., (1) frisky, -oah'iiwc. 

-Aije ; (2) fiuj\có;sAc, -Aige. 
Capillary, a., resembling a hair, 

lunbeAC, -bi^e. 


( 258 ) 


Capital, n. 9 (1) chief town, (a) 

AfVOCAtAlf , -tftAC, -tjAACA, f. (alSO 

p j\í o rhc At aijV) ; (b) reAnbAite, 
g. id., pi. -Ice, m. 

(2) Capital crime, coifi bÁn\ 

(3) Capital letter, cmnl/icif\, 
-c^eAc, pL -c|\e and -c^eACA, /. 

(4) In polit. econ., (a) pcfuif, 
-uif, m.; (5) buncftnrn, -e, /. 
(btin+c+fviitn) ; also bun, m. 

Capitation, n., poll tax, (1) ceAnnc- 
f|\Ait, -e, -eATinA, /.; (2) Ai^eA^) 
cinn, m.; (3) AifjeAT) fj\ón. 

Capitular, a., of or pertaining to 
a chapter, cAibroleAC, -Uje. 

Capitulate, v.i., to surrender or 
give up on terms, (1) géilUmi, 
-leAú ; (2) uAb^Airn (nó beifurn) 


Capitulation, n., the act of sur- 
rendering to an enemy on terms, 
(1) uAbAi^c ruAf ; (2) géitteAX), 
-tee, m. ; (3) fcjviocAt), -cca, 

Capoch, n., a monk's hood, cAipin 
nó btroA bíor a\\ bpÁiújnb boccA 
t>'Ójvo SAn PfvómfiAr A^ur if ó'n 
CAipin fm T)o ti$ An c-Amm 

Capon, n., a castrated cock, cÁbún, 
-úm, m. 

Caprice, ??., a sudden change in 
feeling, opinion or action, (1) 
bAOff\AT), -Ave, m.; (2) éAT)€jAom- 
acc, -a, /. ; (3) obAnncAf , -Air , tot. 

Capricious, a., (1) changeable, 
meónAó, -Aije ; cojAf\AtónAC, 
-Aije ; 5ua$ac, -Aij;e. 

(2) Wayward, éAT)C|\om, 
-cfunme ; guAnAC, -Ai$e. 

Capricorn, n., a sign of the Zodiac, 
av\ SAbAjv ; ceAnn *oe *óá corhAf ua 
•óéA^ nA fpéifve, nó An jjuAn- 
cfiof (O'Beg.). 

Capsize, v.t., to upset or overturn, 
Xí'ionncógAt) nó > o'iompó > o CAob 

tíOf fUAf . 

Capstan, n., an instrument on 
board ship for raising anchors* 
or heavy weights, cocajvo, -aijvo,. 
m.; capstan bar, cj\Ann tocAijto. 

Capsular, a., of or pertaining to a 
capsule, cocAttAc, -Aije. 

Capsule, n., a small cylindrical or 
spherical shell, cocAtt, -ami, m. 

Captain, n., a head or chief officer ; 
also captain of a football or 
hurling match, (1) cAoireAc, -f 15, 
pi. id-, m. ; (2) cApcAen, cAipcin y 
cAipcín (Don.), cApcAom ; (3) 
ceAnn -peAT)nA, pi. cmn -peAtmA ; 
(4) ceAnn 11 ppAit), g. id., pi. -t)te, 
m.; (5) ponntAoc, -01c, m.; (6) 
ccónAc, -A15, -Aije, m.; (7) of a 
boat or ship, («) bpAineAc, -mj, 
m. (Ker.), (also bj\Ame, gf. ?7Z., 

pi. -ní, ?H.) ; (fr) CA|AAfÓ1|A, -ÓJVA,. 

-f\í, m. (Ifer.) ; (c) CAj\bÁnAó, 
-A15, m, 

Captaincy, n., the rank of a cap- 
tain, (1) cApcAomeAóc, -a, /. 
(2) cAipcinceAcr, -a, /.; (3) 
ceAnnAf -peA"ónA. 

Caption, n., arresting a person y 

5AbÁlt, -ÁtA, /. 

Captious, a., apt to catch at faults 
and cavil, (1) coI^ac, -Ai£e ; (2) 
CAnncpAc, -Aije ; (3) ró$ÁtAó, 

Captiousness, n., captious disposi- 
tion or manner, (1) coI^acc, -ca,. 
/.; (2) có^ÁtAcc, -a, /.; (3) 
cAnncpAf, -Aif, m. 

Captivating, a., having the power 
to charm ; charming, (1) caic- 
neAtfiAC, -Ai^e (cAicneArhAC, U.) ; 
(2) Aoibmn, -X)r\e. 

Captive, n., a prisoner, (1) ppiof- 
únAó, -A15, -Aije, m.; (2) geirh- 
eAt, -rhte, -rhleACA, m. (cf. 1nnre 
5eirhteAc ; (3) cimeAc, -rmj, m. ; 
(4) b^Aije, g. id., pi. -g'oe, m. 

Captivity, 7i., the state of being a 
prisoner, (1) bjuiro, -e, /.; (2) 


( 259 ) 


■p-jnoruncAcc, -a, /.; (3) "OAoinre, 
gen. id. /.; (4) bj\Ai5T>eAnAr, -Air, 
m. : he led captivity captive, 
|\U5 f é An bnuro 1 mbnArg'oeAnAr 
teir (Eph. 4, 8) ; (5) cimeACAf, 
-Aif , m. 

Captor, n., one who captures a 
person or thing, (1) cósÁUiróe, 
g. id., pi. -T)te, m.; (2) gAbÁlxóin, 
-ójvd, -ní, m. 

Capture, vi., to seize by force, (1) 
5AbAitu, -bÁit ; (2) beinim a\\. 

Capture, n., the act of seizing by 
force, (1) gAbÁit, -áIa, /.; (2) 
CÓ5Á1I, -ÁlA, f. 

Captured, a., seized by force, (1) 
C05CA, ind.; (2) ^Atit^, ind. 

Capuchin, n., a Franciscan monk 
with a long pointed cowl, CAp- 
mríneAc, -nrg, -nrge, m. 

Car, n., (1) a one-horse vehicle, 
a common cart, cAinc, -Aince, 
-Aif\ceACA, /.; car-load, uaíac 
cAince no tÁn CAince ; cnucAitt, 
-le-Ac, /• ; pocA, m. = butt. 

(2) An outside car, cÁn, -a, 
m. (cAnnA, M.), also cAjvnA 
rsiAtÁm (c/. Bret, carr ; L. 

Caravan, n., a company of pilgrims 
or merchants travelling together, 
curoeACCA oiUtn eAC nó ceAnnurg- 
íeóin A5 uAirceAt te céite. 

Caraway, n. (But), a plant with 
aromatic seeds (Carum carui), 
(1) cAnAttuAt), -tiAró, m.; (2) 
ceAnbur, -uir, m.; (3) tnr rhic 
cmmin, m. 

Carbine, n., a short rifle for cavalry, 
cAinbin, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Carbuncle, n., (1) a precious stone, 
(a) cAnttiogAl, -Ait, m. ; (b) cajv- 
búncAl, -Ait, m. 

(2) A red fiery pimple, (a) 
jtnnin, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (b) 
t>tm-nibe (p. V.). 

Carcass, n., (1) a dead body, (a) 
conAbtAc, -A15, -Aije, m.; also 
AblAó, m. (coniAttAc, Con.) ; (&) 
UiAtn, -Ann, m. 

(2) The decaying remains or 
unfinished frame of anything, 
as a ship, (a) cneAu, -a, m., also 
cneAdAc, -A15, m. 

Card, ii., (1) to play with, cá|\ca, 
gen. id., pi. -aí, m.; a pack of 
cards, paca cÁncAí ; the trump 
at cards, mÁ'ó, -a, -Ann a, m. 
(mÁ-óAt), Don.) ; cards not 
trumps, T>nÁb, -MX), m. 

(2) Visiting card, cÁncA, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m. 

(3) A paper on which the 
points of the compass are 
marked, cAinc, -111 it, /. 

(4) In weaving, cájvoa, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m. 

Card, v.L, to card wool, (1) ciof\Aim, 
-at) ; (2) ftÁtnAnu, -ax). 

Carder, n., one who cards, cájvo- 
ÁUiróe, g. id., pi. -t>te, m. 

Cardinal, n., an ecclesiastical prince 
cAifvoweAl, -éit, m. 

Cardinal, a., pre-eminent, pniotn : 
nA ceitne pjnoriifubÁitce, the 
four c. virtues ; ua ceitne pniorh 
jAotA, the four c. winds. 

Cardinalship, n., the dignity of a 
cardinal, cAijvomeAtcAcc, a, /. 

Carding, n., the act of preparing 
wool for spinning, (1) cájvoáiI, 
-Át a, /.; (2) ftÁr.iAT), -tntA, m. 

Cardsharpers, n., swindlers at cards, 
luce cÁncAí. 

Care, n., (1) attention, Aiue, gen. 
id. f. : take c. of yourself, 
cAbAin Aine t)tnc pém ; also 

(2) Business, cunAm, -Ann, m. 
(cf. L. cura). 

(3) Assiduity, 5F 10r1 5^ l > ~ A1l > 


( 260 ) 


(4) Anxiety or concern, (a) 
imnróe, gen. id. /.; (b) itnfniorh, 
gen. -a, m.; (c) buArófveA > ó (buAro- 
j\eArii). -x>eA\\tA, in. 

(5) Regard, (a) beAnn, -emne, 
-a, /.; (b) ftnm, -e, /. : I don't 
c. a pin, ní tnó Liorn tnojvÁn nÁ é 
(ní pi« biofuvn é, Von.) ; I c. for 
nobody, ní'L beAnn AgAm ajv aou- 
mnne ; I c. not how much he 
gets, rri mifoe tiom cÁ méA*o *oo 
^ca^ato f é ; nó, if ctrniA Viom 

CAT) A jeAbAlt) fé ; (c) COfVA'O, 

-Am, m. : I do not c. for you, 
ni't Aon cofiAt) AgAm ofc ; (ir 
cum a liorn -pÁ "ocAob t)íoc, Don-)', 
(d) perom, -eAT)mA, /. : I do not 
c. about it, I do not mind it, ni't 
Aon £ei"óin A^Am aija ; (e) yeAX>, 
in. : I c. for nothing now, cAim 
Auoif ^au r e-At) 1 n-Aon fxtro ; 
(/.) úró, -e, /.; (g) btA-p, -Aif , m. : 
he does not c. for you now, ni't 
Aon btAf Aige ofc Anoif (idiom). 
Career, n.. (1) calling in life, general 
conduct, (a) jAéim, -e, -eAnnA, /.; 

(5) cúff a. g. id., pi. -Ai, in. 

(2) A rapid course, (a) fuorm- 
tuAf , -Aif,. m. ; (b) cottfiteArig, 

A, -AT) A, /• 

Careful, a.\ (1) taking care, cau- 
tious, watchful, attentive, (a) 
cúf aiuac, -Aije ; (b) Aif eAc, -f rge; 
(c) pAi|\eAó, -m^e ; (d) pof- 
Ai|\eAc. -fije ; (e) peitmeAc, 
-irnge : (/) pf eAfCAtAc, -Aije ; (g) 
■pjuocnAriiAc. -Aije ; (h) pjvioc- 
nAifiAit, -n*itA. 

(2) Saving, (a) bAiteAc, -tige; 

(6) f ÁbAiAó. -Ai$e ; (c) coijitueAc, 

Carefully, ad., in a careful manner, 

(1) 50 cú|\AniAc ; (2) 50 bAiteAc ; 

(3) 50 bAiciltroe ; (4) 50 5f 1rin 

(Z7.) ; (5) 50 Cjunnn. 
Carefulness, n., the quality or state 

of being careful, AifeaóAf , -Air , m. 

Careless, a., (1) heedless, regardltess> 
neAm(p)AifeAc, -|\i§e. 

(2) Taking no proper care,. 
neAtticujAAmAc, -Ai$e. 

(3) Negligent, pAittisteAc,, 
-oje ; p. 1 nstiroe A^uf 1 nT>eifc, 
c in prayer and in almsgiving ;. 
p. um póimtm A|\ ua mA|\bAib 
(#., Ubb- 139, 28); also used 
with pA and ajv. 

(4) Unconcerned, neAmfinm- 
eAc, -mige ; neAmptumeAmAil,. 

Carelessly, ad., in a careless manner 

(1) 50 neArii(-p)Ai|\eAc ; (2) 50- 

Carelessness, n., the quality or 
state of being careless, neAtfi- 
(p)Aife, g. id., /.; neArh(f)Aij\-- 
eACAf, -Aif, in.; neAmóíifAm, 
-Aim, m.; pAHXit;e, g. id. f. 

Caress, n., an embracing with 
affection, pÁif5 ceAUAtriAit ; pó^,. 
-ói^e, -05A, /. ; bA|A|\ó5, -óige, 
-a, /., a hug. 

Caress, v.t., to fondle, (1) pAip^im 
50 ceAUAriiAiL ; (2) pógAim, -a^o ;. 
(3) ftiogAim, -AX) ; (4) muifni§im,. 

Caressing, n., the act of embracing 
with affection, (1) mui|\neAcc, -a, 
/.; (2) mtnfmineAcc, -a, /.; (3)> 
CArof\eAm, -fim, in. 

Caressingly, ad., in a caressing 
manner, 50 -ptio^Ac. 

Careworn, a., worn with care. 
CAitce te cúfiAm au cfAojAil- 

Cargo, n., the load or freight of a. 
ship, (1) tAfc ttnnge ; (2) uaIac 
ttnnge ; (3) tucc Ltnnge. 

Caricature, 11., an amusingly exag- 
gerated picture of a person or 
thing, (1) f5i5T)eilb, -e, -eACA, /. ;: 

(2) T>eAlb rhAgAro. 
Caricature, v.t., to represent with 

amusing exaggerations, rsi5~ 
•úeAlbAim. -A*ó. 


( 261 ) 


Caricaturist, to., one who carica- 
tures, f 5i5X>eitoteóit% -o^aa, -f\í, m. 

Caries, to., ulceration of bone, 
cajij\a, g. id., pl. -ai, m. 

Carl, n., a churl, bo'OAc, -A15, -Ai$;e, 

Carman, n., a man who drives a 
cart, cAifceoifv -ó-pA, -j\í, m. ; 
cAij\éifroe, #eft. id., pl. -*óte. 

Carmine, n., a colour, 50-fwrÁn, 
-Am, w. 

Carnage, to., great destruction of 
life, (1) &pi gen. and pl. -áiji, m.; 
(2) cAf$Aif\u, -re, /.; (3) T>e^5- 
fuiACAfi, -?Aifv, w.; (4) ce^OAtt, 
-A1U, wi. 

Carnal, a., sensual, (1) cotuAroe, 
iwcZ.; (2) T>|\tiifeAttiAit, -tritA. 

Carnality, ni, fleshly lust ; (1) 
cotnAvoeAcr, -a, f. ; (2) •ojunf- 
eAtfitAcc, -a, /. ; (3) lAUAttiriAf , 
-Aif, in- 
carnation, to. (Bot), a plant with 
beautiful flowers of divers colours 
(Dianthus caryophyllus), Lur ua 

Carnival, n., a merry festival of a 
few days' duration, ending on 
Shrove Tuesday, inro, -e, /.; 
Aimfi|\ mroe. 

Carnivorous, a., eating or feeding 
on flesh, peomtceAC, -oge. 

Carol, to':, a song of praise or 
devotion, ca|\oaU,, -aiU,, m. .1. 
"ouAn A5 motAX) Áf\ StÁrmrgteófVA. 

Carouse, to., a drinking bout, (1) 
CAfvbA-p, -bAir, m. (cf. cfiAor, 
gluttony) ; (2) ót iouia|\cac ; (3) 
ótACÁn, -Am, m.; (4) corhol, 
-01L, m.; (5) póic, -e, -eAtitiA, /.; 
(6) -pío^Át), m. See Din. 

Carp, n. (Zool.), a fresh-water 
fish (Cyprinus carpio). cAfbÁtiAc 

Carp. r»i., to find fault, bpAngAirn, 
-At) : he carps at everybody, 
sjeiftedrm pé toot aj\ ^aó tnntie. 

Carpenter, to., a tradesman who 
works in timber, f aoj\ c^Aimi ; 
also f ao|\ At)niAi > o ; ship's car- 
penter, fAOfi untile ; joiner, 
fiíunéi|\, -éA|\A, -|\í, m. ; car- 
penter's herb, -otutteog ua 
f ao|\ ; carpenter's block. ceAj\- 
caU, ; if niAic au ceAf cAtt ctoc. 
A carpenter is often called f ao^ 
(-011V m.) simply, e.g. : that is 
like taking the axe out of the 
carpenter's hand (with the idea 
of doing the work better) if 
lonAun fin *j au U11A15 t>o bAmc 
Af tÁiríi au cf aoi]a ; though bad 
the c. the shavings are good, 

T>Á OtCAf AU fAOfl 1f 1UA1C HA 

f^eAtbó^A ; the c. encouraged 
the goldsmith, tt.15 aja fAOf 
nuftieAc t)o ceAjvo An óij\ (Isa. 
41, 7) ; is this not the carpenter's 
son ? An é (Yiac é) -peo ítiac ao 
cfAoit\ (Matt. 13, 55). 

Carpentry, to., (1) the structural 
woodwork or houses, flooring, 
roofing, etc., done by a car- 
penter, Al1X1f\eACU, -A, /. (Al1X1]Ae 

was an old name for a carpenter 
who could, according to O'Dav., 
build a house (Ate). 

(2) The doors, cupboards, fur- 
niture and ornamental wood- 
work done by the joiner, punn- 
éi|\eAcc, -a, /. 

Carper, to., a caviler, (1) bf\Ari5Aifve, 
g. id., pl. -f\í, m.; (2) 5eAbAij\e, 
g. id., pl. -j\l, m.; (3) fiotlAif\e, 
m.; (4) •oeipriif\e, m. ; (5; cpAim- 
cÁn, -Ám, w- 

Carpet, n., a floor covering, (1) 
bj\Ac úf\tÁift, g. bjunc u., in.; (2) 
coif-D|\Ac, -me, m. ; (3) pcjtMXe, 
g. id., f. 

Carping, n., the act of finding 
fault, (1) b|AAnj;Ai|\eAcc. -a. /. ; 
(2) 5eAbAif\eA0r. -ca. /. 


( 262 ) 


Carping, a., given to fault-finding, 

(1) bf An^Ac, -Aije ; (2) geAbAc, 

Carriage, n., (1) a vehicle, (a) cAf- 
Áifce, gen. id., pi. -ci, m.; (b) 
cAfbAt), -avo, m. 

(2) Behaviour, demeanour, de- 
portment, (a) lomcAf, -inf, m.; 
-(b) TíéijiomcAf, -inf, m.; (c) 
mo'OAmtACc, -a, /.; (d) gÁmuf, 
-urn , m. (proud gait). 

Carrier, n., one who carries goods 
for hire, (1) a carter, cAifueóif , 
-ófVA, -fí, m. 

(2) A porter, (a) off A*oóif , -of a, 
-fí, m.; (b) offAfóif, w.; (c) 
offAftime, grew, id., nL -t)te, m. 

Carrigeen moss, n. (Bol.), a small 
branching purplish cartilaginous 
seaweed (Chondrus crispus), (1) 
mÁtAif An T>urtif5 ; (2) ceAnn 
*oonn, m. 

Carrion, n., (1) AbtAc and conAbtAC, 
-at§, m. ; (2) éAgbfot, -int, m.; 

(3) f ptíonAóc, -a, /. 

Carrion crow, n. (Zool.), Corvus 
corone, (1) coff fgféAcóis 
(somet. pron. coff fsfiAfóg), 
/. ; (2) feAnnós, -óige, -a, /. 

Carrot, n. (BoL), a plant (Pastinica 
sativa), (1) common, meACAn 
buroe, m.; ceAffAcÁn ; ctiffAn 
btiróe ; meACAn *oeAf5 ; muifAn, 
-Am, m- ; mmfÁn buróe ; (2) 
wild (Daucus carota) (a) bnf- 
^omÁn, m. ; (b) miomAicÁn ; (c) 
m 1150m Án. 

Carry, v.t., (1) to bear or transport 
from one place to another, (a) 
beifim, v.n. bfeic (cf. L. fero ; 
Gr. <f>épiú ; V bhéró, I bear or 
carry) : carry that home, beif 
f in a bAite leAc ; to carry a 
horse to the stable, c^pAit x>o 
bf eit 50 T>ci An f cÁblA ; to 
carry a thing cunningly, x>o 
i>f eit leif 50 5UC ; we brought 

nothing into this world and we 
can carry nothing out of it, ni 
tiigAmAf Aon nit) aj\ An f ao^aí "| 
ní féroif tmn Aon nro x>o bfeit 
Af (1 Tim. 6, 7) ; and he will 
carry nothing away with him, 
*} ní béAf f ait) f é Aon nit) teif ; 
(b) CAbfAim, -bAi|\c : I will carry 
you out in my arms, X)éA^AX> 
aiuac Af mo bAClAin tii (P. O'L.) 

(2) To carry about as a burden 
or about the person or in the 
mind, iomcf Aim (also iomc Af 41m) 
-cAf (pron. iomptif)=imctiifim 
[note the change of p for c in the 
pronunciation] : carrying an un- 
born child, A£ iomcA|A temb ; 
carrying a scar, A5 lomcAf 
cf éAócA ; surely he hath borne 
our infirmities and carried our 
sorrows, 50 T)eimm "o'iomcuf fé 
Áf n'ooiljiofA -j T)'iomcuf fé Áf 
iroobfón (Isa. 53, 4). Also as 
an actual load : Arthur carried 
the image of Mary on his 
shoulder, T)'iomcuf Afctif *oeilb 
liltufe a\\ a juAlAwn (Jr. Gl., 
p. 151) ; to carry water in a 
sieve, tnfge "o'lometif 1 gcfiAtAf ; 
it is a bad horse that would not 
carry his own oats, if otc An 
CApAtt nÁ momcfocAt) a coifce 
p ém ; and it came to pass that 
the beggar died and was carried 
by the angels into Abraham's 
bosom, A$;uf cAftA 50 bf nAif An 
mime bocc bAf A^tif guf 10m- 
cf AT>Af nA bAmgil 50 mice Abf A- 
tiAm é (Luke 16, 22). 

(3) To carry off by force, 

fU AX) 11 151m, -X)AC. 

(4) To bear, conduct or be- 
have one's self, lomcfAim, -CAf : 
he carried himself (or behaved) 
like a fool, >o'iomcAf fé é 
f ém AtúAit AmAX)Án ; I behaved 
as though he had been my 


( 263 ) 


friend, •o'lomcfAf nié fém Am- 
ÍA1X) if $;vifb' é mo caj\ Aro é. 

Carrying, n., the act of bearing or 
transporting, (1) bfeic, gen. 
-e, oeifte and béAftA, /. ; (2) 
lomcAf, -cAif, m.; (3) by force, 
fUAT)AC, -A15, m. 

Cart, n., (1) caij\c, -ce and -AfCAC, 
2>i. -ceACA, /. (also in M. -a^uaca, 
accent on the c) : the wheel of 
his cart, foitteÁn a caj\ cac (Jer. 
28, 28) ; (2) cfticAil, -eAó, -ti, 
/. (also cujACAil, -eAó, -ti, /.) ; 
dung cart, caijac A01U5 ; cart- 
wheel, fot cAif\ce ; cartwright, 

f AOfA CA1|ACe. 

Cartage, n., the act of removing 
in a cart, (1) iomcAf aj\ uuAf- 

Af CAl ; (2) CA|\CA1L, -AtA, /. 

Carter, n., a man who drives a 
cart, cAi|\ceói|\, -ófA, -fí, m. 

Cartilage, n., gristle, péitteóg, 
-ói5e, -05A, /.; " An en Ám An 
pilibin, a mÁtAi|\?" " 1 mbfviAtAjA 
ni neAT), acc féitleóg ofeÁj, 
fijin " ; mAotÁti, -Ám, m. ; 
rmAoif, -e, /.; fmAOffAc, -A15, 
m.; fmAOf|\Aó ffónA, cartilage 
of the nose ; also ^AOfÁn -Ám, m. 

Cartilaginous, a., gristly, (1) féic- 
teó^Aó, -Aige ; (2) mAotÁnAC, 

Carting, n., the act of removing 
in a cart, (1) caj\cat), -cca, m. 
(cAf\cAt) = removing the dung 
from a stable or byre) ; (2) 
cAj\f\Ac, -Aic, m. (M.) ; carting 
home the turf, A5 caj\ ca-ó (nó a$ 
CAffAe) ha monA AbAile. 

Cartridge, n., a case containing a 
complete charge for a gun, 
LÁnÁn, -Am, m. 

Cartulary, n., a register for keeping 
records, cAfctAnn, -lAinne, -a, /. 

Carve, v.t., (1) divide meat, (a) 
jeAff Aim (te fjiAn) ; (b) f f íocól- 
Aim, -ax) ; (c) jVArmAtm, -At). ■ 

(2) Engrave or cut in an ar- 
tistic manner, (a) jfAbAim no 
5f\A£Aim, -At) ; (&)5|veAnAim, -atV, 
(c) b|\eACAim, -a*o ; (d) rnoiptn, 


Carved, a., cut or engraved, (1) 

5|\eAnncA, ind.; (2) rnoijce, ind. 
Carver, n., (1) a person who cuts 
at table, (a) ^AnnA'oóif, -óf a, -m\ 
m.; (b) ffiocolAc, -A15, m. 

(2) An engraver, (a) gf AbAife, 
^en. id., 2>í. -fxl, m.; (b) 5f AfAife, 

(/. id., pi. -fí, Wl"./ (C) b|\eACAT)Ó1|\, 

-ó|\a, -fí, m.; (ri) 5f\eAnAT)ói|A, 
also 5f\eAncóifi, -óf a, -fí, m.; (e) 
rnoit;eAT)óif , m. 
Carving, w.., (1) carving meat, (a) 
fAnnAT)óifeAcc, -a, /.; (&) ffioc- 

ÓlACC, /. 

(2) Engraving, (a) 5fAbAi|\- 
eAcc, -a, /.; (b) 5|\ApAi|\eAcc, /.; 
(c) bfeACAT)óifeAcc, -a, /.; (d) 
bfeACAt), -cca, m.; (e) ^feAnn- 
At)ói|\eAcr, -a, /.; (/) jfeAnnAt), 
-ncA, m.j (g) monnÁit, -áIa, /. ; 
(h) fnoi5eAT)ói|\eAcc, -a, /.; (i) 
rnoije, -gee, m. 

Cascade, w., a waterfall, (1) eA|\ 
-a, m.; also eAfAc, -A15, m- ; (2) 
eAfCAfi, -Ai|\, m. 

Case, w.-, (1) a cause or suit in 
court, also business, cínf, -re, 
-f eAnnA, /. : there is neither 
ghost or goblin without know- 
ledge of his own case, ni't 
rpioftAT) nÁ pncA 5An piof a 
ctnfe rem Aije. 

(2) State of things, (a) cÁr, 
-Air , w. : cíonn cíi Atioif cionnur 
feAftnjeAf mo cÁf-fA, you now 
see how my c. stands ; (b) that 
is not the c. with me, ní mAjA fin 
•OAmfA ; if that be the c, 
mÁ'f mAf fm auá An fjéAt ; 
that is not the c. with others, 
ni mAf fm T)o t)Aoinib eile ; (c) 
if it be the c. that, mÁ'f fnT> 


( 264 ) 


é 50 ; if it were the c. that I 
had it, t>á mb-AT) juro é 50 
inbéAt) fé A-^Am ; (d) always the 
same c, ay\ 5aLaj\ céAX>r\A 1 
^coiimuróe ; (e) t)áí, -a, /. 

(3) Covering, (a) cÁr, -Áir : 
hat c, cÁf Yiaza ; c. of knives, 
cÁ-p fseATiA ; comb c, cÁr cine ; 
{&) curivoAC, -A15, m. (c/. tenth 
century inscription on the c. of 
the Book of Durrow .1. [The] 
Prayer and blessing of Columb 
of [the] Church for Fland, son 
of Mailsechnall, for [the] King 
of Ireland, by whom this case 
was made .1. <%* Of\oic Actif 
betroAcc Cottnmb Citle T)o ptAnT» 
rriAC tYlAitf ecnAitt *oo TI15 bCinenn 
tAf AtvoepriA'ú A CtinTOTMOro). 

Case, n. (Gram.), ctnreAt, -fit, m. 
(cf. B.LL. V. 106, 2) ; nomina- 
tive c, c. AmmneAC ; genitive 
c, u. geitieAtrmAC ; accusative c, 
c. cnfpói|\eAc ; dative c, z. 
cAbAfitAc ; vocative c, z. 5Aif\m- 
eAc ; oblique c, cAuiuuireAL 
(St. Gall. Priscian). 

Case of conscience, cÁr cogtiAif . 

Casement, n., a window sash open- 
ing on hinges, (1) puwneó5, -015c, 
-05A, /.; (2) cA|\ptnnneó5, f. 

Cash, n., money, AifgeAT), gen. -51*0, 
m.; ready cash, Ai-pgeAT) rior. 

Cashier, n., one who has charge 
of money, (1) cvpceóif, -ó|aa, -ní, 
m,; (2) crpceACÁn, -Ám, m.; (3) 
-peA-p 1 rnbtin Ai^ro. 

Cashier, v.t., to dismiss or dis- 
charge, -oíocmtvim, -ctifv ; to 
cashier a soldier, rAig-ounn x>o 
cu-p Af ah A-ptri. 

Cask, n., a barrel-shaped vessel 
but may be bigger or smaller, 
bAi-|Aille, gen. id., pi. -ti, m. 

Casket, n., (1) a small ornamental 
box, binfgiri, gen. id., pi. -ni, /.; 
(also applied to the skin of a 

roasted potato when the eatable 

portion is pressed out, M. O'D) ; 

(2) aij\c, -e, -i, /. 
Casque, n., a helmet, (1) cAtbAjAfi, 

-bAin^, m.; (2) cirméroe, g. id. 

m. ; ctogAt), -ATO, in- 
Cassiopeia's Chair, a group of six 

stars in Cassiopeia, ah btiAtA 


Cassock, n., a clerical garment 
something like a long frock coat, 
cAfós, -015c -05A, /. 

Cast, v.t., (1) to throw, fling, hurl 
or drive by force, (a) cAitim, 
-teArh : and he prepared slings 
to c. stones, &£ U Y ^ $téAf ré 
c|VAnriA uAbAitt t)o cAiteAiii ctoc ; 
to c. a spear, -pteAj x>o cAiteAtú 
no *oo tÁrhAc ; c. thy garment 
about thee and follow me, caic 
*oo bfidc iomAc -] te&n nuf e ; (b) 
ceitjun, ~5eAn (often corrupted 
into cUgim and cti5itn, v.n. 
-5111c) : when he entered the 
meadow he c. off his shirt, 
miAif\ tÁini5 ré 'y&n léAnA CL15 
ré *oe a Léwe (Or. song.) ; AT)iiioL- 
Amoro ah UigeA^HA T>o teit5 ah 
mA|\cAc -j An c-eAc rAn mtttfi, 
let us praise the Lord who c. 
the rider and the horse into the 
sea ; (2) AncAijve t>o cun aitiac, 
to c. anchor : and casting four 
anchors out of the stem they 
wished for the day, A5tir An 
*oceit5eAii ceiúne n-Ancoine ó 
t>eineAt) ha tuinge *oo b'peAnn 
leó 50 mbeAT) An IÁ Ann ; (3) 
ctufitieAT) T>nme *oo léinriieAr, 
to c. a person's nativity ; (4) 
T)oit5eAf *oo "óíbi^u, to c. away 
care ; (5) "otnne x>o buAt<vó x)o 
cAiteAfh nó T>o teit5eAn fiof , no 
mirhifneAc *oo cun ai|\, to c. one 
down ; (6) THAbAit "oo 1MIA5AT) 
nó T)o teit5eAn aiuac, to c. out 
devils ; (7) CfiAnnctsf x>o úa^|\- 


( 265 ) 


Aing, to c, lots : c. thy lot with 
us, ceitg ipceAc tdo cpAnncup 
1 n-Áp meAf5 ; and they c. lots 
and the lot fell upon Jonah, 
ceit5eAT)A|\ TiA cfVAinn -| *oo turn 
An c|wmctif\ aj\ 1ouAh (Jon. 1, 7); 
(8) to c. up an account, cunncAf 
t>o "oéAnAm p uAf ; (9) to slink : 
thy shegoats have not c. their 
young, nion teitgeA-OAf t)o jAbAip 
DAiueAntiA a nuonAin (Gen.. 31, 
38) ; (10) to form in a mould : 
thou shalt c. four rings of gold, 
ceitgpró €ú ceicpe pÁmne óip ; 
he c. four rings, -oo ceitg pé 
ceitpe pÁinne (Ex. 38, 5), (cf. 
Farm., aj; cup ceitgm, the first 
moulding of potatoes, etc. ; (11) 
to shed, to lose : neither shall 
your vine c. her fruit, m mó 
ceitgpeAf bup opneAtiiAin a 
copAt) ; (12) to c. a line in fish- 
ing, cAptAicim, -Laic ; (13) to c. 
the blame on another, au nntteÁn 
T)o cup (nó "oo teAgA'ó) A|\ T)uine 

To c. away, (a) thou shalt c. 
them away like a dirty cloth, 

Ceitg-pTO CÚ UA1C 1AT) AtTIAlt 
éAX)AC pAtAC ', (b) €UppACA11TI, 

-pAc ; (c) c. away or scatter, 
pceAttAim, -ax). 

C. down, (a) though he fall he 
shall not be utterly c. down, 
bíot) 50 "ocuicpró, ní teitgpig- 
teA|\ pi op é ; my soul is c. down 
within me, cá m'AnAtn A|\ u-a 
ceit^eAn fíóf ionnAm ; (b) iftijim, 
-mjAt) ; (c) teAjAim, -At). 

C. forth : I will c. thee forth 
into the open field, ceitgpit) trie 
ArtiAC AnnrA riiACAipe op^Aitce 

C. off : if you forsake him he 
will c. thee off for ever, mÁ 
tpéigeAti cú é ceil^pro pé uAró 
tú 50 bjAÁC. 

C. out : till he had c. them 
out of his sight, nó gun teit^ 
p é Ap a |\At)A|vc ia*o ; like a 
wandering bird c. out of the 
nest, mAtt éAr\ peAópÁm aja n-A 
teit^eAn aiuac ay- a neAT). 

C. up : (a) dust will be c. up, 
ueitjpiT) puAp tuAicpeAT) ; (b) 
to c. up to a person or throw a 
thing in his teeth, pu*o *oo caca-o 
te *ouine nó *oo cup ^-a a^avó. 
Cast, n., (1) the act of throwing, 
cAiteArh, -tee, m. : he was cast- 
ing stones and earth, t>í pé A5 

CAlteAtil CtOC Agtlf Cp1A*Ó. 

(2) The distance to which a 
thing can be thrown, upcAp, 
-Aip, m. : cimceAtt upcAip ctoice, 
about a stone's c. 

(3) A throw of dice, upcAp 
•oipte, a c. at dice. 

(4) The cast of a line in fishing, 
(i) buitte, g. id., pi. -ti, m. : 
brought a fish from that c, 
tug lAfg T>o'n buitte fin (Uop 
T)n. 80, 4) ; (ii) cAptAtc, -e, /. 

(5) A glance of one's eye 
(a coup d'ceil), buitte pmte ; 
btntte T)o púl. See Squint. 

(6) The contents of anything, 
corhtucc, -a, m. 

(7) Cast of glowing metal from 
the furnace, bpuc, -a, -AnnA, m. 

(8) The amount of corn sent 
to the mill at one time. See 

(9) Cast of a play, cotntuA-oAp, 

-Aip, 7)1. 

Cast-off clothes, AicéAt)Ac, 
-A15, -Ai^e, m.; a cast-off shirt,. 

Cast, a., thrown, (1) ceit$ce, ind.; 
(2) CAitce. 

Castaway, n., (1) one who is ship- 
wrecked literally or morally, 
■oibeApCAc, -A15, -Aije. m. ; (2) 
■otnné C|\éi5te, m. 


( 266 ) 


Caster, n., (1) one who casts, ceitg- 
teóin, -o^a, -ní, m.; (2) a small 
wheel, foitín. 

Castigate, ©J:, (1) to chastise by 
flogging, f5iú|AfAim, -at). 

(2) To inflict corrective pun- 
ishment, (a) fniACCAim, -at) ; (b) 
fmAcctngun, -ug-AiD. 

Castigated, á., punished cor- 
rectively, r niAcctnjte. 

Castigation, n., the act of punishing 
correctively, -pmAcctijAT), m. 

Castigator, w., one who punishes 
correctively, r mAccuijteóitA, -ój\a 

-Ó1|\í, »1. 

Casting, n., (1) the act of throwing, 
ceitgeAn, -5m, m.; (2) cAiteArii, 
-tee, m. : c. stones, A5 cAiteAtfi 
ctoc ; A5 p&me&'o doc ; and we 
so mirthful c. stones, A$uf -pinn 
50 fubAC A5 cAiteAifi L145 (Oss. 
IV. 64). The practice of casting 
stones as a trial of strength 
was until quite recently very 
common in W. Limerick. It 
was a very ancient practice 
and the -oAttÁm nó villain or 
pillar stones throughout the 
country are said in some folk- 
stories to be some of the ctocA 
ni|\u of the Fenian champions. 
The casting-stone (flat) was in 
some places called 1105^, -aij\, 
m., and I remember we used 
to call small flat stones which 
could be thrown a long distance 
fti5i|AÍn ( = f +Li5ij\in). Another 
stone but smaller was the tjojwój; 
-óige, -a, /., and a still smaller 
one was the rnéAfwj; or finger- 
stone for children. (3) In fish- 
ing, cajyIaic, -e, /.: (4) he was c. 
sheeps' eyes after her, bí fúit 
wa gtAfóige Aige n-A *oiAró. 

Casting-net, n., a net which is 
cast and immediately drawn in, 
(1) ceit^-lion, -tin, -lionet, m. ; 

(2) tion ceit5in, m.; (3) rt^ing- 
lion, m. ; (4) tion fsjiiobAit). 

Castle, n., a fortress, cAirteÁn, -áw, 
pi. id. and -ém, m. (cf. L. castel- 

Castle-builder, n., one who builds 
castles, esp. in the air, cAifteoifi, 
-ófiA, -|\í, m. 

Castle-building, n., forming vision- 
ary schemes, cAirteoineAcu, -a, f. 

Castled, a., fortified, cAifeAtcA, ind. 

Castrated, v.a., gelded, (1) coittce ; 
(2) fpocuA. 

Castrate, v.t., to geld, (1) coittim, 
-leAt> ; (2) fpocAitn, -a*ó (cf. L. 
spado, eunuch) ; (3) bAirnm a\> : 
castrating pigs, A5 bAwu a? 

Castration, n., the act of gelding, 

(1) coitteAt), -tee, m. ; (2) 

fpOCAT), -OCCA, in. 

Casual, a., coming by chance, (1) 
ceA^rhufAc, -Aije ; (2) cuicim- 
e-Ac, -rmj;e ; (3) cmeAifmAC, -A-i^e. 
See also Careless. 

Casualty, n., what happens by 
chance, (1) teAsifmr, -tnr , m. ; 

(2) cubAifce, gen. id. f. ; (3) 
cionnoif5, -e, /. 

Casuist, 71., one skilled in or given 
to casuistry, (1) cowriAfuroe .1. 
•otnne eotAc 1 ^cAr Aib comfiAir ; 
(2) b|\Af A5Attcói|\ ; (3) ctirpifie, 
g. id., pi. -fú, >n.; (4) ^éA^cinf- 
eAó, -fij, m. 

Casuistical, a., of or pertaining to 
casuistry, (1) bfVAf AgAttcAc, -Aije; 
(2) 5éA|\cúifeAc, -pje. 

Casuistry, n., the doctrine of 
dealing with cases of conscience, 
(1) bfiAf AgAttcAf , -Aif , m. ; (2) 

5éA|ACt11feACC, -a, /. 

Cat, n., an animal of the genus 
Felis, cac, gen. and pi. emu, m. : 
An CAn rnúccAfv ha comntme 
bionn An tnte cac gtAf, when 
candles are out all cats are grey; 


( 267 ) 


the cat can look at a king, cá 
ceAT) A5 An 5CAC AtfiAnc aj\ An 
níj ; cat after kind, cau t>o néin 
cméiL ; cat) t>o "GeAu^AX) triAG An 
cwc acc I tic "oo riiAnbAt) ; when 
the cat is away the mice play, 
nuAin a tMorm An cac Amu 15 
bionn tiA tucA A5 mnnce ; (cf. 
W. cath ; Corn, kat ; Bret, kag ; 
L. catta ; Ger. Katze). 
Catacombs, n., subterranean burial 

places, 11 AJA pÁ (pAOl) CAlAtíl. 

Catalogue, n., a list of things, 

ctÁn, -Áip, a, m.; liorc AntuAnnA 

Catalogue, v.t., to make a list of 

things, ctÁntnjim, -uja-ó. 
Catamount, n., the cougar (Felis 

concolor), pAjtnACAc, -ctnc, m. 
Cataplasm, n., a poultice, ceinin, 

gen. id. m.; (2) puAin teice 

Cataract, w., (1) waterfall, (a) eAf, 
-a, m.; (b) eAfCAjt, -A1|\, m.; (c) 
small c, fjéAjVoÁn, -Ám, m., and 
f^Áft-oÁn, m. 

(2) Disease of the eye, -pionn, 
g. pmn, w. .1. tjaIIat) C15 A|v 
mogAitl/ib tiA rut. 

Catapult, w., ctocbojA, g. and pL 
id!, m. 

Catarrh, n., an inflammation of 
the mucous membrane, (1) r-tA$- 
X)Án, -Ám, m.; (2) néAtn, -a, m.; 
(3) cIocca, #. id., pi. -aí, w.; (4) 
ctocc, -oicc, -a, m.; (5) cloccÁn, 
-Ám . 

Catastrophe, n., a sudden calamity, 
bACAtong, m.; cubAirce, gen. id., 
/./ nonóif5, -e, /. 

Catch, v.t., (1) to lay hold on or 
grasp, (a) beifwm (a^), v.n. 
bneic : c. him, bein Ain ; he lies 
in wait to c. the poor, UnjeAnn 
ré 1 bpeiteAtú cum beince Ajt 
UA boccAib ; I would follow the 
deer through the glen and would 

fain c. hold of his leg, x>o teAn- 
£Amn An p&t> pó'n n^leÁnn 'r 
bA miAn Horn bneic An a coir 
(Oss. IV. 8) ; (b) 5AbAim, -bÁit : 
a closed fist never caught a 
hawk, níon jAb "oonn -ouncA 
feAbAc AmAiii (H. M. 671) ; 
being crafty I caught you with 
guile, Ai(\ mbeic "óAm 511c -oo 
■5AX) mé fib tern' gUocAp (2 Cor, 
12, 16) ; what should the cat's 
daughter do but c. rats, cAroé 
t)éAnpAt) mjeAn An cuic acc 
U1CÓ5 *oo gAb Áitc (Or.) ; they 
set a trap, they c. men, ctnniT> 
•out, 5AbtuT> fiAT) T)Aome (Jer. 
5, 26) ; (c) gneAmtnjim, -ujAt) : 
to c. hold of him, jnenu "o'pÁjAii 

(2) To arrest after pursuit : 
they followed and caught him, 
•oo LeAnA*0An é 1 *oo nugATJAn 
Ain (nó T)o -5&X) fiAT) é). 

(3) To catch in a snare or net, 
(a) T)utAim, -lAroeAcc ; (b) hence 
to ensnare, to entangle, gneAm- 
tnjim, -ujat) : that they should 
c. him in his words, 50 ngneAmóc- 
Avoir é 'n-A cAmnc (Mark 12, 13); 
to c. him, 5|teim "©'pAgAH aij\. 

(4) To seize with the mind, 
5lACAim, -At> : now the men 
observed (or listened) diligently 
whether anything would come 
from him (to show his mind) 
and did hastily c. it, Anoip 
, o'Ainij;eA > oAn n& "OAome 50 
p-|uocnAiriAc An T)oocj:a > ó émníí) 
uA'ófAn 1 00 5lACAT)An 50 lt1AC 
é (1 Kings 20, 33). 

(5) To catch by contagion, 
sympathy or exposure, (a) cog- 
Aim, -5Á1I : I caught the fever 
from John, có^Ar An pAb|tAf ó 
SeAjÁn ; I caught a cold on the 
mountain, cogA-p nó jruAnáf ptiAcc 
aj\ An f UAb ; yawning is catch- 


( 268 ) 


ing, uÁ miAttpAoit co^aIac ; (5) 
^lACAim, -AT). 

(6) To come upon a person by 
surprise : to c. him in the act, 
bf eit Aifv 'f-^tt ngnioiri ; I shall 
c. him yet in a lie, beAjvpAT) ^V 
pop 1 mbfiéij;. 
Catch, n., of fish with a rod and 
line, (1) 5-aLLac, -ai£, m. : you 
have a good c, cá ^aLLac mó^ 
éif5 LeAC {Don.) ; (2) of a door, 
etc., túbóg, /. ; cAifueog ; (3) 
burden of a song, tomneó^, /. ; 
(4) a tricky question, mio- 
pocAt, m. 
Catcher, n., one who catches, (1) 
5Lacat)óij\, -op a, -f\í, m.; (2) 
5tACAife, g. id., pi. -j\i, m. 
Catching, n., the act of seizing or 
taking hold of, (1) bjieit, -e, also 
bei|\te and béAjitA, /.; (2) gAbÁil, 
-áLa, /.; (3) CÓ5Á1I, -áIa, f. 
Catching, a., contagious or infec- 
tious, gAbÁtcAó, -Aige ; ^AbAtAC, 
-Aije ; co^aLac, -Ai$e. 
Catchweed. See Cleavers. 
Catechetical, a., relating to asking 

questions, ceifceAmiAC, -A15C 
Catechise, v.t., to instruct by asking 
questions, (1) TDuine x>o tea^A^s 
te ceif c 1 -p|\e.45fVA ; (2) ceip c- 
151 tn, -IU5AT). 
Catechism, n., a book containing 
a summary of the Christian 
doctrine, (1) An ceAgA-pg cfiior- 
curoe ; (2) ceifceACÁn, -áw, m. 
Catechist, n., one who instructs by 
questions, ceifcij;teóif\, -ójva, -fú, 
Catechumen, n., a neophyte, ceir-te- 
Ármroe, gen. and pi. -tfte, m. .1. 
Duine ceA^AfgtA cum via fÁc- 
|\Aiminu T>o jIacat). Sec Novice. 
Caterer, n., one who provides food, 

tórnvoóifv, -óf\A, -fú, m. 
Caterpillar, n., the larva of a 
butterfly or any lepidopterous 

insect, (1) *ouittirrioL, -wit, pi. 
id. and -a ; (2) AtVp eóg, -óige, 
-a, /.; (3) luibpiAfc, -péifue, 
/.; (4) fpiofVAVO neAtwcA (also 
fpeis neAiwcA), /., Con.; fpro 
neAnncA (Mulranny) ; (5) tur- 
cuac, -Aice, -ACA, /. ; (6) tur- 
cntnrh, /.; (7) Uifcuweój;, /.;. (8) 
botb, g. and pi. buitb .1. péipc 
beA^ iteAf "otJilteAbAf. 
Caterwaul, v.i., to cry out as cats, 

p10C|VAim, -At). 

Caterwauling, n., the cry of cats, 
(1) pioc|AAt), -Am, m.; (2) cacaca-p 
-Aif, m.; (3) fsjAéACA-ó nó 1111 Ab- 
5A1I CU1C. 

Cathartic, a., purgative, pupgoro- 

eAó, -"oige. 
Cathedral, »., the principal church 

in a diocese, (1) ceAUpo^c, -tn|vc, 

m.; (2) citt eAfpin^ ; (3) ceAm- 

pAtt mó\y, »1.; (4) puráeAcÁn 

eAf PU15, m. ; (5) AjroeA^lAif, -e, 

-i, /. ; (6) Á]A , oceAinpAU, -aiU, m. 
Catholic, n., CAcoiUceAc, -erg, -cije, 

m. (c/. L. Catholicus) ; a Roman 

Catholic, CAcoiUceAc RoifiÁnAc. 
Catholic, a., of or pertaining to 

Roman Catholics, CAcoiUceAc, 

-cije ; CAicticit)e. 
Catholicism, n., the faith of the 

Roman Catholic Church, au 

Cf\eroeAiii CAcoiLici-oe. 
Catholicity, n., the doctrines of 

the Church of Rome, CacoiUc- 

eAóc, -a, /. 
Catholicon, n. (Bot.), a plant 

(Valeriana officinalis), -otntleój; 

HA f ao\\, f. 
Catkin, n., an anient, caicíii, g. id., 

pi. -ni, m. 
Catmint,) n., (Bot.), a plant like 
Catnip, > mint (Nepeta cataria, 

also called Mintha catina), nnon- 

CAf cine, m. 
Catoptrics, n., science of reflected 

light, Aif > oeAUt^ A>ó (O'R.). 


( 269 ) 


'Cat's foot, n, (Bot.), a plant 
(Nepeta glechoma), cof cuic, /. 

Cat's tail (a plant), great cat's tail 
(Typha latifolia), bo'oÁrt -oub, 
coigeAt tia rnbAti r* róe *, small 
cat's tail (Typha angustifolia), 
DOT) Án. 

Cattle, n., quadrupeds of the bovine 
family, (1) bA, pi. of bó, a cow ; 
(2) buAp, -Ai|\ (cows), m.; (3) 
Áipnéif , -fe, /.; (4) beACAt)Ai5 ; 
(5) eAttAC, -ai§, m.; (6) pcoc, g. 
-peine, m.; (7) cr^yo, g. Cfurix), m. 

Cattle-dealer, n., one who buys and 
sells cattle, butAi^e, g. id., pi. 

Cattle-diseases, n., (1) cjmpÁrv, m.; 
(2) swelling under the jaws, 
f pocÁn, -Áw, m. (Sligo) ; pocÁn 
(ifer.) ; (3) lumps on the skin 
caused by the chrysalis of the 
gadfly, biAjvpuit (pron. varesill, 
Con.); pÁibrie, Ker.; Din. ; (4) 
CAf\cbrvuitteAcÁin 5 (5) uneasi- 
ness preceding labour, -fuiAf^Án, 
-Ám, m. (Tip.). 

Cattleshed, n., a byre or cowhouse, 

(1) buAite, gen. id., pi. -tee, /. (c/. 
L. bovile) ; (2) cr\o, gen. id., m. 

Caudal, a., pertaining to a tail, 
eAfvbAttAc, -Aij;e. 

Caught, (1) imp. of beirum a\k, to 
catch, *oo jurs : *oo jiuj; -pé of\m, 
he caught me ; it is often a slow 
hound caught his share, ip rmmc 
•ou fiuj; cú rhAlt A|\ a ciht) ; "oo 
j\u5 tuA-ofiA ojwi, a dog bit me ; 
t>o tursAó A1|\, he was caught ; 

(2) jAbtA : you are caught, cá 
cú ^AbtA (j;Aibce, Don. and 
Or.) ; ca uu ceAptA (Mayo) ; (3) 
5IACCA ; (4) easily caught, fo- 

5 1 ACt A. 

Caul, n., (1) a net worn on the 
head by women, céibín, #• id., 
pi. -ni, m. 

(2) The great omentum or 

membrane loaded with fat which 
covers the intestines of mammals 
(a) fSAific, -e, -eACA, g. pi. r5At\u, 
/•/ (&) fSAnnÁn r-Aitte. 

(3) Part of the amnion or 
membrane covering the fetus, 
which is sometimes round a 
child's head at birth, (a) •ofitntn- 
iAll, -elite, pi. -a, /• : this son 
had a caul over his head, ir* 

Atl'ltAIT) bí Ail U1AC fin 1 

T>r\uimiAtt ú<\f\ a ceAnn Ai|\ 
(Uof\. Dh. 4, 25) ; (b) cAipin 
fortAif or lucky cap. It is 
deemed very lucky to be born 
with a caul, which is considered 
a sure preservative against 
drowning and therefore prized 
by sailors. St. Chrysostom says 
that the midwives used to' sell 
cauls for magic purposes. 

Cauldron, n., a large boiler, coir\e, 
g. id., pi. -jvi, m. (cf. Skr. earn, 
to boil). 

Cauliflower, n. (Bot.), a variety of 
cabbage (Brassica oleracea), (1) 
c.Áitif, -re, -feACA, /.; (2) cóiUr\ 
-e, -eACA, /.; also cólAif, /. ; (3) 
btÁú cAbÁif ce. 

Causal, a., causative, (1) cúipeAc, 
-fije ; (2) ^acac, -Aije. 

Cause, n., (1) that from which any- 
thing proceeds or which pro- 
duces any result, (a) Á-óbA|\, -Aif , 
m. : your fear is greater than 
your c, if tnó T>'eA5lA nÁ 
T>'ÁT)bAt\ ; if it is good it is not 
without c, niA'-p niAic é ní 5 ah 
Á-obAfv é ; (b) pÁc, -a : the c. of 
my journey is, 'pé p A ^ ni ° 
tu|\Aif ; do not say it without 
c, nÁiiAbAi|\5An -pÁt é ; chief c, 
ceArm pÁc ; (c) bun, -urn, m. : 
what was the c. of it, cat> bA 
bun teif ; (d) bunATMp , -Aif , m. : 
drink is the c. of it, 'fé An 
c-otAcÁn ir* bun A*óAf (nó pÁc *oó) ; 


( 270 ) 


(e) ctnr, -e, -eAnnA, /. : God send 
us the c. of laughter, cúm §Áif\e 
ó T)ia cu^Ainn ; (/) éi-[\un, -e, /. : 
the c. of our expedition, éijum Áf\ 
n-eAccjvA (6. O. A. 175). 

(2) A suit or case in court, (a) 
ctnr, -e, -eAtinA, /. : the widow's 
c. cometh not in to them, ni 05 
ctnr nA DAmcjteAbAije cuca (Isa. 
1, 23) ; (b) éileArii, -Lnfi, m. 

Cause, v.t., to effect, produce, 
occasion or bring about : and 
I will c. it to rain upon the 
earth, Ajur *oo uéAfvrAro mme 
v& "oeAjtA Ajt £eAf\tAinti x)o 
"óéAnArii Aft An T)CAtArh (Ge??. 
7, 4) ; c. that it be read also, 
cu^ato rÁ T>eAf\A a téijeAiíi mAjt 
An ^céA'onA (Col. 4, 16) ; c. frogs 
to come up, cAbAijt rÁ T)eA|\A 
toif^eAnn x>o teAcc Anior ; to c. 
his butler to set out daily on his 
table, xyo cada-i^c rÁ "oeAjvA Aft 
a T)AiteArh "Do pf\eAf caL 50 tAet- 
eAtriAit Aft adójvo (If., Ubb. 15, 10); 
also beif\im without -pA T>eAftA ; 
c^éAT) T)o rug ajv £x>Am ubAll nA 
liAitne T>'ite (K., Cob- 99, 11); 
what caused Seadna to say, cat) 
-pé nx)eAf\ "oo SéAT>nA a ftÁT) 
(P. O'L.) ; it was that caused 
me to go, if é rm rÁ T>eAf\A t>Am 
imteAóc (pé nT)eAf\ and ré 
nT>eA|\A, M.). 

Causeless, a., without just or suffi- 
cient reason, (1) neAriictureAc, 
"T 1 5 e 5 (2) neAriiÁT)bAj\Ac, -Aije ; 
(3) 5 An Át)bA|\. 

Causelessness, n., the state of being 
causeless, neAtfictureAcc, -a, /. 

Causeway, n., a raised roadway 
over wet or marshy ground, (1) 
clocÁn, -Ám, m. (c/. CtocÁn ua 
typoiiiofAAc, the Giants' Cause- 
way) ; (2) cóCAft, -Ai|v, m.; (3) 
AitXeÁn, -Ám, m.; (4) cArhróift, 
-ó|\a, -óiftí, m.; (5) CAbAf , -Air. m. , 

also cAOfA, g. id., m. ; (6) a 
passage or temporary cause- 
way made with branches, furze 
bushes, heather, etc., over a 
shough or boggy place, (a) cir no 
cem, -e, /. (also gen. ceAf a) ; (b) 
cireAó, -rije, -a, /. (M.). Pro- 
bably from cor , a foot. 

Caustic, n., a substance which 
burns or corrodes, ctoc toifgeAc. 

Caustic, a., (1) corrosive, toirj- 
eAó, -515c ; (2) bitter, reAftb. 

Cauterize, v.t., to burn with caustic, 
Loif5itn le niAj\Ann nó le ctoic 

Caution, n., (1) provident care, 
wariness, Aifte, /. 

(2) A warning, (a) roftfrós j\a*ó, 
-jAfvtA, m.; (b) ftAbAt), -ato : 
because you gave him no c. 
or warning, -oe bftij uac t>uu5 
ctmA ftAbAT) t)o, warning and 
advice, ftAbAt) 7 córhAiftie. 

Caution, v.t., (1) to give notice 
of danger, (a) roft-pojftAnn, -ax> ; 
(b) €Abj\Aim |\AbAT) ; (2) to ad- 
vise one to take heed, beiftim 

Cautionary, a., conveying a warn- 
ing to avoid danger, rójAfttAc, 

Cautious, a., wary, watchful, (1) 
Ai|\eAc, -ftije ; (2) rAifteAó, -ni$e; 
(3) -ponpAifveAC ; (4) cuftAtnAc, 
-Aije ; (5) cÁi|\éifeAó, -nje ; (6) 
Aicilti"óe, ind. 

Cautiously, ad., in a cautious 
manner, 50 bAifteAc. 

Cautiousness, n., the quality of 
being cautious, AifteACAr , -Air , m. 

Cavalcade, n., a procession of per- 
sons on horseback, tnAftcfUiAj, 
-A15, -Aijce, m.; (2) uAfgAft, -Aift y 
m.; (3) mA\\CAm, -e, /.; (4) niAf\- 
c^Ait), -e, /. ; (5) eAC|\Ait), -e, /. 

Cavalier, n., a military man who 
serves on horseback, mAf\clAoc, 


( 271 ) 


gen. -aoic, pi. id. and -LAocpA, 

m.; mApcAC, -A15, -Aije, m. ; 

proipe, gen. id., pi. -pi, m. 
Cavalierly, ad., in a haughty 

manner, 50 ceAnnÁpT)AC. 
Cavalry, n., soldiers who serve on 

horseback, (1) mApcfUiAj;, -A15, 

-Aij;ce, m.; (2) tn ApopÁro, -e, /.; 

(3) eAópAvó, -e, /. 
Cave, n., a hollow place in the 

earth, a cavern, (1) uAim, -e, 

pi. -AtflA, f. ', (2) CUAf , -A1f , 

pi. id. and -a, m. ; (3) uaw, 

-AUAC, -AVIACA, /./ (4) fgAllp, -e, 

-eACA,.f.; (5) poctA, #. id., pi. 
-aí, w.; (6) UifgA, g. id., pi. 
-aí, m.; (7) ppoctAip, -e, pi. 
-eAtitiA and -eACA, /.; (8) pttiAip, 
-e, pi. -eACA, /• 

Cave-dweller, n., a prehistoric man 
who dwelt in a cave, (1) Uif^Án, 
-Ám, m.; (2) UifgAipe, gen. id., 
pi. -pi, m. 

Caveat, n., notice not to do some- 
thing until the party giving the 
notice has been heard in oppo- 
sition, (1) péArhAipeACAf .1. mnne 
t>o cup a\\ AipeACAf |\oitr» pé ; 

(2) \\óX)AX),-Am, m- 

Cavern, n., a large cave, (1) cuAf, 
-Aif , -a, w.; (2) cuAfÁn, -Áw, m.; 

(3) cumnroe, (/en. and pi. -t)te, 
tifi.i (4) UAim, -e, -AtriA, /. 

Caverned, > a., containing caverns 

Cavernous,) cuAfAc, -Ai§e. 

Cavil, /£., a captious objection, (1) 
connfpóro, -e, -i, /.; (2) CACfAip- 
eAcc, -a, /.; (3) lomApoÁró, -e, 
pi. id., f. See Carp, Carper. 

Cavil, v.i., to find fault without 
sufficient reason, connfporoim, 


Caviller, n., one who cavils, (1) 
cACfAipe, gen. id., pi. -pi, in. ; 
(2) jjpeAmACÁn, -Áin, m.; (3) 
oolpAipe, g. id., pi. -pi, tn. 

Cavilling, n., the act of finding- 
fault without good reason, (1) 
cACfAipeAcc, -a, /.; (2) bpAn^Acc, 
-a, /. 

Cavity, n., a hollow place, (1) 
ctiAf, -Aif, -a, m.; (2) ciiAfÁn, 
-Áin, /. 

Cawing (of rooks), n., (1) spÁg, 
-Á15, m.; (2) 5|\á5A|\Iac, -Ai§e, 
/.; (3) gÁpcAc, -A15, m. Onoma- 
topoetic words. 

Cease, y.i., (1) to stop, pcAT>Aim, 
v.n. f cat) : the talking ceased, 
T)0 fCAT) Ati CAinnc. 

(2) To leave off or give over, 
desist from, (a) fguipim , v.n. f gup: 
c. from mourning, p^mp T>eT)' 
bpón ; then I will c, 'n-A T)1A1T) f m 
fSuippro tné ; (b) termini, v.n. 
tei5eAti(c) : with *oe : c. from 
humbugging, tei£ *oe t>o euro 
niA^AiT) ; let us c. our com- 
parisons on both sides, teigitiiif 
•o'Áp scomópCAf Afi 5AC caoo 
(Oss. IV. 58) ; c, rabble ! 
teigró Af a TMof gAp pluAij ! ; 

(c) f of Aim, -at) (also of Aim, -at)); 

(d) eipijpm (also eipjjim), -je, 
with Af and T>e : he ceased from 
drinking, -o'eipij p é Af An óíacah, 
c. troubling, bothering or re- 
ferring to me, eipig TMom. 

Cease, v.t., to put a stop to, to 
bring to an end, (1) fCAT>Aim, 
v.n. pcAT), c. talking now, 
f cat) *oe T)o chit) CAwnce Anoif ; 
c. whistling a while, fCAT» t>' 
feAT)5Ait 50 fóitt; (2) fguipim, 
-up : the sea ceased raging, t>o 
P5tup An f Aipp5e t>o conp at) ; 
c. to do evil, fstnp t>o "óéAnAm 
tntc ; and ceased bearing, Agtap 
T)o fguip T>e opeic. 

Ceaseless, a., without pause, (1) 
neAm-fgmpeAc ; (2) jau fgiof ; 
(3) 5An fCA-o ; (4) fiop- in comp. 


( 272 ) 


Ceasing, v.n., the act of stopping, 
(1) fguf, -ui|\, m.; (2) teigeAn, 
-5m, m., with T>e; (3) fofdt), 
-fCA, m. 

Cedar, n. (Bot.), the cedar of 
Lebanon (Cedrus Libani), (1) 
ceAt)|uir-, -«if, m. 

Cede, v.i., to give up or surrender, 
(1) CAbfAim (f«Af), i?.w. cAbAifc 
(fuAf) ; (2) géitimi, -LeA-ó, fol- 
lowed by *oo or preceded by 50 
or gtif . 

Cedrine. a., of or pertaining to the 
cedar tree, ceA-ofufAC, -Ai§e. 

Ceiling, n., the overhead lining of 
a room, (1) fíonÁH, -e, -i, /. 
(111. t).) ; (2) pfA-15, -e, -aj;caca, 
/. ; (3) •oionuAccAf , m- 

Celandine, n. (Bot.). a perennial 
plant, (1) greater c. or swallow- 
wort (Chelidonium majus), Iaca 
óeAtiTiftiAX). /., Aotifgoc, m. ; (2) 
lesser c. or pilewort (Ranunculus 
ficaria), (a) feAff A15 ; (b) 5f am 
Af cÁm. 

Celebrant, n,, an officiating priest, 

fOLlAtTWOIp. -Óf a, -fí, ?». 

Celebrate, v.i., (1) to solemnize, (a) 
ceileAbf Mm. -&t) (cf. L. cele- 
bro) ; (b) foUAriimujim, -uja-o 
(cf. L. sollemne. a solemnity). 

(2) To keep, consbAim, -0Á1L : 
from evening until evening you 
shall c. your Sabbaths, ó tp&t- 
nótiA 50 CfÁtnónA cotigóócúAoi 
bAf S&bóm (Lev. 23, 32). 

(3) To observe duly, coirii- 
éAT)Airn, v.n. coirhéAt) : in the 
seventh month you shall c. this 
feast, coimhéAOfAi'O é AiitifA 
feAccrhAt) mí (Lev. 23, 41). 

(4) To praise in a solemn 
manner, tnóf Ami, -At) : the grave 
cannot praise thee, death cannot 
c. thee, ni feAT>Ann Art «A15 "oo 
riioiAt), m f éA"OAnn Ati bÁf x>o 
TThófAt) (Isa. 38, 18). 

Celebrated (famous), a., (1) oif- 

-óeAfc, -CA ; (2) slóf rhAf , -Aif e ; 

(3) lomfÁróce, ind.; (4) ArhfA, 

ind. ; ct«t>ArhAil, -riiiA- 
Celebration, n., the act, process or 

time of celebrating, (1) ceiteAb- 

f at), -X)AptA, m.; (2) fottArhn«5- 

at), -uigte, m. 
Celebrity, n., (1) fame, (a) cUi, gen. 

id., m.; (b) cÁit, -te, -leACA, /. 
(2) A famous person, mune 

ÁifocéimeAc (nó oifóeAfc). 
Celerity, quickness, swiftness, (1) 

LuAtAf, -Aif, 7n. ; (2) tut, gen. 

túit, m.; (3) cApAraeAcc, -a, /. 
Celery, n. (Bot.), a plant (Apium 

graveolens), tuf ua f mAiteó^, m. 
Celestial, a., of or relating to 

heaven, (1) neArivóA, ind.; (2) 

ptAlteAfAC, -Aije. 

Celibacy, n., single life, (1) An 
c-AoncA ; (2) ojacu, /.; (3) niAij- 

"OeATIACC, -a, / 

Cell, n., (1) in a monastery, 
cubACAit, -e, /.; AfAcut, -«it, m. 

(2) A little cell or small 
church, cuxín, g. id., m. 

(3) A hermit's cell, (a) *ouift- 
eAc, -tige, -tijte, m.; (b) "oit- 
\\e0X), -eit>e, -a, /. ; (e) -oúfftoc, 
-oice, -a, /. 

(4) A cell or church, ceAU, 
gen. citte, pi. ceAttA and ceAtt- 
cf aca, /. (cf. L. cella). 

(5) cAt)An, -e, -nee, /. : cell of 
a honeycomb, cAt)Ari meAtA. 

Cellar, n., a room usually under 
ground, (1) ioflArm, gen. -Ainne, 
-nnA, /.; (2) foitéAf, -éif, -a, 
m.; (3) ceAttóf, -óif, m. 

Cellarage, n., the space occupied 
by a cellar, foitéAfAóc, -a, /. 

Cellarer, n., ceAttoif , -óf ac, -ófACA, 

Cellaret, n., a receptacle in a dining 
room for a few bottles of wine, 
foitéifín, m. 


< 273 ) 


Cellular, a., feomndc, -dige. 

Celtic, a., (1) ceitxe.dc, -cige ; (2) 

Cement, n., a kind of calcined 
limestone for making mortar 
that will harden under water, 
fCjAorgin, -tie, /. 

Cement, v.L, to unite with cement 
or other substance, (1) cAitim, 
-Ác.<vó ; (2) corhtÁitim, -ÁtóX). 

Cemented, a., joined together by 
cement, (1) uAitce ; (2) cnudro- 
óedngditce te óéile. 

Cementing, n., zÁtAvúeAtz, -a, f. 

Cemetery, n., a graveyard, fveitis 
(and foitis), -e, -i, /. (c/. L. 
reliquiae, the ashes of the dead). 

Censer, n„, a vessel in which in- 
cense is burned, (1) cúipeóif, 
-ónd, -óif\í, m.; (2) cúifeÁn, -Ám, 

Censor, n., a fault-finder, (1) 
fSjuVotngteoif, -ópA, -f\í, m.; (2) 
Aitbiof\Aó, -dig, -dije, m.; (3) 
fionfA, #en. id., pL -dí, m.; (4) 
dcrhufÁnuróe, g. id., pi. -'óte, m. 

Censorious, a., apt to blame or 
condemn, (1) AómufÁndó, -di$e ; 

(2) rmtXe.dn.Ac, -dij;e ; (3) p piT>- 
edriidit, -ttitd ; (4) bdndtntdc, 
-di$e; (5) 5éd|\, -éine ; (6) 
cjuidró, -e ; (7) coinedocdmdit, 

Censoriousness, n., the quality of 

being censorious, dórhurwidóc, 

-d, /. 
Censurable, a., blamable, (1) ion- 

dóttitifdin ; (2) cionncdó, -dige. 
Censurableness, n., the quality of 

being censurable, iondórhur\dn- 

dóc, -a, f. 
Censure, n., blame, (1) dóriiufdn, 

-dm, m.; (2) sLdirh, -e, -eAóA, /.; 

(3) 5tdim, -e, /.; (4) ditbiond-o, 
-ptA, m.; (5) cditifedrh, -fitti, m. ; 
(6) lomcdmedT), -nee, ra v ; (7) 


jotÁn, -din, m,; (8) edfmditx 


Censure, v.L, to blame, (1) dcrhtif- 
ÁnAim, -d'ó ; (2) mroednsdim, 
-at) ; (3) lomcAmim, -nedt). 

Censured, a., blamed, (1) *oíoriiotxd, 
ind.; (2) toócinjte. 

Censuring, n., the act of blaming, 
(1) lomódwed'ó, -nee ; (2) tocc- 
ujdT), -tugie, m.; (3) 'oíorhoLd'ó, 
-ted, m. 

Cent, n., (1) a hundred, cédT>, as 
ten per cent., x>eió dn aw gced-o, 
"oeic fd CéAT). 

(2) An American coin, (a) 
cíonós, -015c -d, /. .1. tedt 
peóifvtms : he has not a red 
cent, ní't cíonóg fiud'ó Ai^e (TT1. 

*>•) ; (&) rS^i^Cs, -015c, -A, A : 
we have not a cent out of it, 
cdmui'o gdn psiuftcoj; x>Á bAnn 
(m. t>.). 

Centaury, n. (Bot.), a plant, (1) 
Gentiana centaurium, T>|Aéimine 
THinne ; (2) Chlora perfoliata, 
(a) T>néirmfie buróe ', (&) "oedgd 
buróe, m.; (3) Erythraea cen- 
taurium, cédxnnttedó. 

Central, a., near the middle, 
med'óóndó, -dige. 

Centre, n., the middle point or 
place, (1) tdjA, -Ain, m.; (2) 
cedncLdfv, -din, w. .1. tdn neite 
corhcjunnn ; (3) med'óón, -óm, 
m.; (4) cfAovóe, gen. id. pi. *ote, 

Centre, v.L, to concentrate, as 
one's mind or thoughts, Uiigim, 
v.n. tinge : her mind was centred 
on her son, -oo U115 a tidigne dn 
d rtidc. 

Centrifugal, a., tending to recede 
from the centre, tdttteióe. 

Centripetal, a., tending to ap- 
proach the centre, tdndimfi5- 


( 274 ) 


Centuple, a., hundredfold, céA'OAó, 

Centurion, n., a captain of a 
hundred men, céAT)úf , -úij\, m. 
(c/. S. nA ft. 7612) ; cAoif eAc 
céAXt ; ceA^m-pe/VonA céAT). 

Century, n., Aoif, -e, /.; céAt) 
bliA'óAn : bíox)Ajt n-A mbeACA 1 
ti-A*onAimfif\, nó tfiAif\eA , OAf\ f^n 
Aoif céATmA, they lived in the 
same century. 

Ceremonial, a., according to es- 
tablished rites, > oeAf5nÁCAó, -Atje 

Ceremonial, n., outward form, nór , 
-óir, m. 

Ceremonious, a., punctilious, nór- 
AtriAiL, -riiLA. 

Ceremoniousness, n., nórAriitAcc, 
-fs /. 

Ceremony, n., (1) an act or acts 
prescribed by authority or cus- 
tom, as religious ceremonies, (a) 
5T1ÁC, -a, m. : according to all 
the ceremonies thereof, x>o -péijv 
.An tnte jnÁtA ; (b) "oeAfsnÁc, 
-a, m. 

(2) Forms of civility or eti- 
quette prescribed by authority 
or custom, (a) gnÁf , -Áir, m.; (&) 
nór, -óir , pi. -a and -auvia, m. ; 
(c) roifvm, -e, -i, /.; (d) cuifvcem, 
-e, -i, /. 

Certain, a., (1) assured in mind, 
(a)T>eitfiin, -tfme (c/. Gr. Oefxevai , 
set ; Eng. deem, doom) ; (b) 
"oeirhm^teAc, -age : know for 
c, bíco a por i a "óenfim A^Aib ; 
(c) bA^AmneAc, -nije : I am not 
very c. about it, rri'L a fior a^axw 
50 bAjAAmneAc (m. t).). 

(2) Not to be doubted or 
denied, (a) "oeA^btA ; (b) "oeA^b, 
-a : I feel c, ir -oeAfib tiom (c/. 
Eng. true) ; the thing is c, cá 
An nró x>eA\\X)tA ; they came to 
me again with c. (undoubted) 

information, cÁn5AT>Af Ajúr te 
por "oeA^btA ; I am c, cá 
■oeinb-pior A^Am (Or.). 

(3) Inevitable, sure to happen, 
actually existing, cmnce, ind.: 
as c. as there is a cross on the 
back of an ass, com cmnce ir 
cá cjvor aj\ "úfunm a^ Ait ; ever- 
certain, biccmnce ; though the 
vengeance of God is slow it is 
c, mÁ'r mAtL ir cmnce *oío5AlcAr 

(4) Fixed, stated, regular or 
determinate, (a) beAcc, -a ; (b) 
cfunnn, -e ; (c) pAicexmncA, ind. 
(TYl.t).); (d) ójvotngce, ind.; (e) 
focfvui^te, ind.; (/) rui$ce, ind. 

(5) Indefinite, not specifically 
mentioned, Áimce : a c. person, 
•otune Áimce ; I have no c. 
abode, ní'L cotrinui > óe Áimce 
-a^aiti. Áimxe takes the form of 
Aiuf\iT) in parts of Con., for in- 
stance, Spiddal and Mulranny. 

Certainly, ad., without doubt, un- 
questionably, (1) 50 íiÁimce ; (2) 
50 cmnce ; (3) gAn AmjvAr ; 
'oeimm 5A11 ArhfVAr ; (4) 50 rioji ; 
(5) 50 x>eA\\X)tA ; (6) 50 *oeitfiin 
(-pern), (most) certainly; (7) 
Idiom : he will certainly come, 
ni bAogAt nÁ 50 *ociocrAit> ré. 

Certainty, the quality, state or 
condition of being certain, (1) 
*oeitfim, -time, /. : woe to him 
who makes a c. of hope, ir 
mAijK; a "óéAHAtm *oeimm T)'á 
t)ócAf ; (2) T)eirime(Acc), /.; (3) 
cmnceAóc, /.; (4) *oeAf\btAcc, 
-CA, /. 

Certificate, n., a written testimony 
to the truth of any fact, (1) ceirc, 
-ce, -ceAnnA, /.; (2) ceArcAr, 
-Aif , m. ; (3) ceifciméi|\eAcc, -a, 


Certified, a., verified, assured, 


( 275 ) 


Certifier, n., one who verifies or 
assures, T>eitrmi5teóifv, -ópA, -f\í, 

Certify, v.t., (1) to give informa- 
tion, to assure or make certain, 

(a) "oeiriimgim, -nijAt) : we have 
therefore sent and certified to 
the king, tnme rw t>o ctnfieAinAt\ 
iiAmn i t>o T)eirhni5eAmA|\ ro 
T>on |\ij (Ezra, 4, 14) ; (o)T>eAf\b- 
tujim, -1454*0, T>eAj\bAim, -a*o : 
we certify to the king, T>eAjtf>- 
AinAoiT) T>on |Aij (Ezra 4, 16). 

(2) To give information, to 
verify, (a) ueAfctngim, -ugAt) ; 

(b) potungim, -ti^At), also -pío^- 
auti, -at> ; (c) pAirnérónn, -néró, 
also pAifnéifim, -néir ; (d) beAóc- 
auti, -ax), also beAcctnjnn, -ujjAt). 

Certifying, n., the act of assuring, 
(1) ceArcujAt), -tujte, m.; (2) 
•oeirhniug.A'ó, -igce, m. ; (3) 
T>eAf\bA > o, -X)tA, m. 

Certitude, n., freedom from doubt, 
(1) T>eAftotAcz, -a, /.; (2) T)eirii- 
neAcc, -a, f. 

Cerulean, a., sky-coloured, (1) 
SOfun, g.s.f. stunme ; (2) tiAt- 
50|\m, -swjwie; (3) rpém-jonm, 

Cerumen, n. See Earwax. 

Cervical, a., of or pertaining to the 
neck, mtnnéAtAc, -Ai£e. 

Cess, n., a tax or rate, (1) r|\Ait, 
-te, -teArwiA, /.; (2) seAHfidt), 
-|\ca, ra. ; (3) cíorcÁw, g. -Án a 
and -Án ac, pi. -eACA, /. 

Cessation, n., a ceasing or stop, 
whether final or only temporary, 
(1) pofAt), -avo, ra.; (2) orAT), 
-A1-6, ra.; (3) fCA"o, gen. -avo, 
pi. id. and -AnnA, ra.; (4) forA-o, 
-fCA, ra.; (5) ror, -a, ra.; (6) 
f5ic, -e, /.; (7) teigeAn t>o nro ; 
(8) from rain, acaI, -Ait, ra. 

Cess-collector, n., (1) ciorcAweAC, 

-mg, ra.; (2) peAj\ An jeAn^tA 

Cession, n., yielding or surrender, 

(1) séitteAt), -Lice, ra., with t>o 

following ; (2) caoai^c r uav- . 
Cesspool, w., any receptacle of 

filth, (1) múntoc, -toóA, ra.; (2) 

bAtritin, -tun, ra. (Or.). 
Chafe, v.t., (1) to make angry, 

peAfgAim, -at). 

(2) To warm by rubbing, (a) 
ctnmtim, -rrntc (cnmttngim, 
-u^ax), Don.): to chafe with 
the hand, ctnrmtc te iáhíi ; (b) 
cérgeArh te ctnrmtu. 

(3) To wear by rubbing, 
tomAim, -at). 

Chafe, v.i., to feel vexed, T>f\iucAim, 


Chafer, n., a kind of beetle, (1) 
T>Aot, -oit, ra. : it is better 
(more meritorious) to burn a 
chafer than to fast on Friday, 
if peA|\|A T>Aot a tofgAT) nÁ Aome 

tnOf^At) ; (2) T)A|\bT)AOt, -AOlt, 

ra.; (3)T)AotT>tib,m.; (4)T)eAH5A 
T)Aot, ra. (Con.) ; (5) T)Arh T>Aot, 
ra.; (6) ciAnó5, -oi^e, -05A, /. 
(the cockchafer). 

Chaff, n., (1) the chaff blown away 
in winnowing, tóóÁn, -Ám, ra. 

(2) The husk or chaff which 
adheres to the grain till ground, 
(a) caic, gen. cáca, /. and ra.; (b) 
cÁitteAó, -115, ra. and -ti$e, /. 

Chaffer, n., one who chaffs others, 
b|\urAijte, g. id., pi. -|\i, ra. 

Chaffinch, n. (Zool.), a bird (Frin- 
gilla coelebs), -pi jiuaT), ra. 

Chaffweed, n. (Bot.), a plant also 
called cudweed or chafe weed 
(Gnaphalium), cÁtttnb, -e, 
-eAnnA, /.; jnAptur, -tofA, ra. 

Chaffy, a., abounding in chaff, 
(1) tócÁnAó, -Aige ; (2) cÁiceAc, 


( 276 ) 


Chagrin, n., vexation, mortifica- 
tion, (1) cjvÁróueAóc, -a, /.; (2) 
-p.4f\fVÁn, -Ám, m. 

Chain, n., (1) a series of links of 
various kinds of metal joined 
together and used for mechanical 
and ' ornamental purposes, (a) 
-ptAbjtd, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. and 
-ptAtifVA'ó, -Ait), m- : link of a 
chain, túb fLAí>twó ; (b) neck- 
chain, (i) mtnticofic ; (ii) ófWAfs, 
-Aif5, m.; (hi) 10*0, -a, pi. id., 

f. (collar) : I woud swear to it 
by Moran's chain (which con- 
tracted and choked the witness 
if he lied), cAbf\£Ainn An 10*0 
ttlofVAirm aij\ ; (iv) j\onn, -a, -a\ 
(worn by women). 

(2) Surveyor's chain, (a) r tab^A 

g. id. m.; (b) rneA-p, -a, m. 

(3) (Weaving), chain or hank 
of yarn, lAjmA, g. id. m. 

Chain, v.t., to fasten, bind or con- 
nect with a chain, (1) fUbjunjirn, 
-ujxvó ; (2) ceATi^tAim te rlAbftA. 

Chaining, n., the act of fastening 
or binding with a chain, rtAb- 
fMigAt), -tnjte, m. 

Chain-mail, n., a flexible defensive 
armour in the form of a garment 
and made of links of metal, 
túij\eAó, -jug, pi. -tvrge and 
-\^eACA, m. and /. (cf. L. lorica). 

Chain-metre, n., in prosody a 
metre in which the last word of 
one stanza begins the next, 
conctAnn, -Ainne, -a, f. 

Chain-puzzle, n., An reAófiÁn 


Chair, n., a movable single seat 
with a back, cacaoi^, gen. -f\eAC, 
pi. -j\eACA, /. (cf. L. cathedra) : 
armchair, cacaoi|\ tntteAnn ; 
chair of state, cacaoi|\ fcÁit). 

Chairman, w., the president of a 
meeting, (1) cAtAoij\teAC, -tig, 
-tige, m.; (2) uacca^ An, -Aw, m. 

Chairmanship, n., uAocAjtAnAoc, 

-a, /. 
Chaise, a one-horse two-wheeled 
carriage for two persons hung 
on leather straps, (1) ca^at», 
-Arc, m.; (2) cAfiÁifce, gen. id., 
pi. -ci, m. 
Chalice, n., the cup used in cele- 
brating Mass, (1) cAitíf, -re, 
-f eACA, /. (cf. L. calix-icis) ; (2) 
bAUÁn, -Áin, m.; (3) co^n, gen. 
and pi. cuif\Ti, m. (cf. W. corn ; 
Bret, korn ; L. cornu) ; (4) 
copÁn comAoineAé, gen. copÁw 
coniAoineAó, m. 
Chalk, n., a soft earthy substance 
white or whitish in colour of the 
same composition as limestone, 
cAitc, -e, /. (cf. calx, calcis). 
Chalk, v.t., to mark with chalk, 

coifiAf\tui5im te CAitc. 
Chalk-pit, n., a pit from which 

chalk is dug, pott cAitce. 
Chalky, a., resembling or contain- 
ing chalk, (1) cAitceAc, -ci£e ; 
(2) CAitceAtfiAit, -nitA. 
Challenge, n., a defiance, esp. to 
fight a duel, (1) T>ubf tÁn, -Aw, 
m. .1. ctiifteA'ó cum corhfAic ; (2) 
ASfuyo, -Ait), m. 
Challenge, v.t., to summon to 
single combat, (1) A^Aim, -ax> ; 
(2) cA5|\Aim, -A"ó. 
Chalybeate-water, n., any water 
into which iron enters, tnfge- 
iA|\TiAróe, m. 
Chamber, n., a room, esp. a bed- 
room, f eom|\A, gen. id., pi. -au m. 
Chamber of Commerce, UeAó gnotA. 
Chamberlain, n., an officer having 
the management of the private 
chambers of a monarch, (1) 
feom|\A > oói|\, -ójAA, -fí, m.: (2) 
Pf\ócA > oói|A, m. 
Chambermaid, n., a maidservant 
who sweeps rooms, makes beds, 
etc., cAitin reotn|\A. 


( 277 ) 


Chameleon, n., a lizard-like reptile 
which changes colour according 
to the colour of the objects sur- 
rounding it, CAimeittiún, -úw, m. 

Chamois, n., (ZooL), a small species 
of antelope (Rupicapra tragus), 
(1) cAtnAoir, -e, /.; (2) peAmi. 

Chamomile. See Camomile. 

Champ, n., mashed potatoes mixed 
with butter, " bruisy," (1) bpúig- 
cin, g. id., pi. m.; (2) cÁt ceAnn- 
Ann, -Amn, m. (cÁX ceAnnpionn) : 
*o'imti5 An c-im ppiT) An cÁtceAn- 
pionn Aip, he had a mishap (17.). 

Champ, v.t, (1) to bite so as to 
be heard, co^n-Aim, -At) : cApAtt 
cognAp An béAtbAó, a horse that 
champs the bit ; (2) to crunch 
or bite into small pieces, cpeimim , 
v.n. c|\eim. 

Champagne, n., an effervescent 
wine, píon piucAró. 

Champaign, n., a flat open country, 
mACAipe pAipping péró. 

Champion, n., one who anciently 
fought on behalf of the honour or 
rights of others, (1) sAipsroeAc, 
-15, m.; (2) tAoc, gen. tAoic, 
pi. id. and tAocpA, m.; (3) bite, 
m.; (4) curuvó, m. (c/. Gr. Kvptos, 
master, lord) ; (5) fig., cú, /.; 
(6) pémnró, g. id. m.; (7) p pApn- 
pupA, g. id., pi. -AÍ, m. ; (8) 
5|\tiA5A6, m. (Or.) ; (9) mAt, -Ait, 
m.; (10) miteAt), -tit), m.; (11) 
niA, gen. mAó, m.; (12) niAtt, g. 
néitt, m.; (13) opgAp, -Aip, m.; 
(14) ptupe, m.; (15) pgÁt, -Ait, m.; 
(16) p^op, of. pgtnp, pl- -a, m. 

Champion-like, a., (1) sAipseAtfiAit, 
-rhtA ; (2) tAoctjA ; (3) miteA'OCA; 
(4) biteAtfiAit, -rhtA. 

Championship, n., the symbol of 
supremacy, ah cpAob, -oioe, /. 

Chance, n., (1) an imaginary agency 
supposed to rule the destinies of 
men, fate ; fortune, (a) cmneAtrt- 

Ain, -rhnA, -rhnACA, /.; (b) ceA^- 
rfiÁit, -AtA, /.; (c) ceAgrhup, -mp, 
m.; (d) ctnueAmAf, -Aip, m. 

(2) The agency at work : by 
c. a certain priest went down 
the same way, Aguf cÁptA crié 
cmneAtriAin gup gAb f A^Afvc A^pite 
piop f a cp tige f m ; that it was 
c. that happened to us, gup 
cmneArhAin tÁmij; opAinn ; as 
I happened by c, mAp tÁptA 
•óArhf a "oo cmneArhAin ; I saw 
that the race is not to the swift 
nor the battle to the strong, 
neither bread to the wise nor 
riches to men of understanding 
nor yet favour to the men of 
skill, but that time and c. 
happens to them all, *oo connAipc 
mé nAó *oo'n UiAt acá aw rvÁfA, 
nÁ An CAt *oon cpéAn nÁ póp 
An c-ApÁn *oon eAgnAi^e nÁ pop 
fAI'ÓDfveAf T)0 nA TDAomib CU15- 
feAnAóA nÁ póp^pAbAp T)o tucc 
An jtiocAip Ate 50 > oceA5rhAnn 
Am Aguf cmneAmAin t>óio tnte. 

(3) An opportunity, possi- 
bility, likelihood, (a) pAitt, -e, 
/. : he got a c. at him, puAip pé 
pAitt Aifv ; (b) ptiAip p é torn Aip ; 

(c) as they would not get a c. 
at it, mAp nAó opinjj'oip CA01 Aip ; 

(d) no c. of doing it, (i) ni't Aon 
jAorv (gAobArv) A^Am Aifv (Clare) ; 
(ii) ní't £oip A^Am Aip (1TI. t>.) ; 
(iii) ni't Aon "out AgAm A1|\; (iv) ni't 
cotrvom AgAm A1|\ ; (v) he had 
no c. of overtaking her, ni f\Ait> 
Aon pAjÁit Ai^e A|\ úeAóc pviAf téi ; 
ni r\Aiti> Aon brteit Ai^e uif\ti ; 

(e) idiom : got by c, (i) you 
snatched it out of the fire, -puAiji 
cú Af An ceme é ; (ii) we have 
as good a c, as our predecessors, 
ZÁ An oit)6e -j An L<£ com ?at>a 
-] ni fiAt) fiArh. 


( 278 ) 


Chancel, n., the part of a church 
containing the altar, cAmféAt, 
-éit, m. (c/. cancella) ; f AinjjeAL, 
-51I, m- (Bergirís Keating, p. 57, 
1. 233) ; ceAfrnAnn, -Awn, m. (c/. 
W. terfyn ; L. terminus) .1. aic 
bíoii) tÁnfi teif An Atcóif fnA 
ceAmptAib 1 x>o biot) bÁffÁitce 
te flACAib lAfAwn nó te bénnib 
rriAroe (O'Beg.). 

Chancellor, n:, a judicial officer of 
high rank, (1) fAinfeléAf, -téif, 
m. (Foley), (cf. L. cancellarius) ; 
(2) AfobfeiteAtiL 

Chancellorship, n., the office of a 
chancellor, fAWfetéAfAóc, -a, /. 

Chancery, n., the Court of Equity, 
(1) cúifc An cifc, /. ; (2) cuifc 
An cfAWfeléif, /• 

Chancre, n., a venereal ulcer, 
T>tuif5on, "Stiif , m- 

Chandelier, n., a candlestick having 
several branches, (1) cownleóif 
cfAobAó nó séAjjAC ; (2) cf Ann 


Chandler, n., a maker or seller of 
candles, (1) toiceATMife, gen. 
id., pi. -j\i, m.; (2) toiceA*oóif, 
-ó|\Á, -|\í, m.; (3) peAn *oéAncA 
comneAt ; (4) cowneAtóif , -ójva, 
-fí, m. 

Change, n., (1) alteration or varia- 
tion or transformation, (a) At- 
juijAt), -injte, m. : change of 
seasons, AtfujA'ó nA n-AimfeAf 
(nó AimfeAf nA féAfúf, J-C-W-)', 
(b) aca|A|\ac, -A15, -Aije, m. 
(Átf ac, U.) ; to make changes 
that were thought necessary or 
expedient, aca^ac a 'óéAnAtfi 
niAf x>o f AoiteAt) a beic jviACCAnAC 
nó corh5A|AAc (P. L.); (e) niAtAif c 
-e, -eACA, /. : if he makes a c. 
who can hinder, mÁ liéAnAnn fé 

mAlA1|\C C1A féA"OAf A COfg. 

(2) A succession or substitution 
of one thing for another, (a) 

clAocló'O, -a, m.; (b) caotd, -oroe, 
-a, /. ; there is many a c. on 
a spring day, if ionróm cao'o 
Af\ 1Á eAff A15 ; (c) vicissitude, 
€j\éirhreAóc, -a, /.; (d) lomUnu, 
-e, /. (also lomtAoro, -e, /.)• 

(3) Small money, (a) Ai^eAT) 
mion nó irnonAifjeAT), -51*0, m.; 
(b) b|\ifeAX), -fee, m. : have you 
the c. of a pound, bptnt bj\ir qax> 
puncA A5AC ; (c) fómf eÁit, 
-ÁtA, /. ; rinreÁil, /. (Spiddal). 

Change, v.t., (1) to alter, vary or 
transform, (a) Atfu 151m, -ujAt) : 
thou shalt not c. it, ni AtfócAi'ó 
cú é ; they c. night into day, 
AtjAtngm fiAT> An oróce Ann a 
tÁ (Job 17, 12) ; (b) triAtAfCAirn, 
-Aifu (also niAtAfctujirn, -ugAt)) : 
and if you shall at all c. it, A$uf 

niÁ ÍÚAlAfCfAI'O €Ú Af Aon COf\ 

é ; can the Ethiopian c. his skin 
or the leopard his spots, An 
bpéA'OAnn An ceaópeAc a Cfoic- 
eAnn *oo rhAtAif\c no An tiopÁjvo 
a bneice (Jer. 13, 23) ; (c) 
lotnptnjim, -po"0 : who changed 
the truth of God into a lie, ™aja 
•ófunns *oo lompoit) fíjvmne *Oé 
1 mb|Aéi5 (Rom. 1, 25) ; (d) 
clAocttnjim, -lot) ; (e) Aircfrgnn, 


(2) To give and take recipro- 
cally, to exchange : neither shall 
any vessel (jewel) of fine gold 
be changed for it, 1 ni beit) a 
niAtA1|\C Af f éAT>Aib 'o'ón p'néAlxA 
(Job 28, 17). 

(3) To change money, (a) 
bfurim, -reA'ó : he handed me 
a ten pound note and asked me 
to c. it, X)o fín fé ótj^Arn nócA 
t)eió bptinc *j t)'iAff fé ofm é 
bfifeAT) ; (b) fómfeÁtAim, -Áit. 

(4) To change, as one's faith, 
iompui$im t -pót) and -pÁil. 


( 279 ) 


Change, v.i., (1) to undergo varia- 
tion, At tunjitn, -ujA'ó : for I am 
the Lord and I change not, ó\p ir 
tnife An UigeAjmA -] ní Attunjim 
(Mat. 3, 6). 

(2) To pass from one phase 
to another, Aifqngim, -itrg.<vó : if 
the wind would c, xíá n-Airc^eóc- 

AÓ AW %AOt. 

Changeability, n., changeableness, 
ro- At junjteACc, -a, f. 

Changeable, a., mutable, variable, 
(1) ro-Atjungte ; (2) lomlAroeAc 
and lorntuAt, -Aite (fickle) ; (3) 
mAlA^ZAc, -Aige ; (4) p oclAoc- 

Changed, a., altered, Atjunjte, 

Changeless, a., that cannot be 
changed, neAtfiAttunjteAC, -tige. 

Changeling, n., a child exchanged 
by fairies, rnAtA-puÁn, -aw, m. 

Changing, n., the act of altering, 
(1) At^u^Aó, -tnjjte, m.; (2) 
ttiAtái|\c, -e, -eACA, /.; (3)iotnpÁii 
-áLa, /. : there was not one 
without c. of colour there, $An 
*ouwe aca 5An iompÁit Lite -Ann 
(Bififvc, 14) ; (4) ctAociox), -a 
and -tngte, m. 

Channel, w., (1) the bed of a river 
or stream, gjunneAtt, -mtt, m. : 
from the bed of the river (lit. 
stream), ó jgjvwneAL An c-ff©CA 
(Is#. 27, 12) ; the channels of 
the sea appeared, x>o connACAf 
5|\mnitt ua pAi^je ; (2) clAif , 
-e, -eAnnA, /.; (3) in the strand 
at low water, ipeA^Ao, -eij\rce, 
pi. id. /.; also ^aou, -oit, a, m.; 
(4) cut in the strand by fresh 
water, eifs, -e, -i, /.; (5) the 
sluice or channel through which 
water flows on to a mill-wheel, 
bfiÁgA, -*o, -Árg-oe, /.; (6) in a 
byre, (a) iwoeAf , -*oij\, m. ; (fr) 

btnceit, /■ ; glAn AmAC An btnc- 

eit ; (c) ctAf Art>, -e, /. (T?/r.) ; 

(7) totAf, -A1|\, m. (T.P. II. 27). 

Chant, fllfo, to sing, (1) cAnAnu 

-At) ; (2) cAncAiUm, -cÁit. 
Chanter, n., (1) a singer, (a> 
AtfitvÁnuróe, g. id., pi. -"óte, m.; 
(&) cAticAife, gf. id., pi. -pi, m. ; 
(c) cAucóiiA, -ó\\a, -|\í, m.; (d) 
> ouAinróe, g. id., pi. -"óte, m. 

(2) The finger pipe in the bag- 
pipe, (a) fionfói|\, -ójVA, ~pí, also 
■peAtnfói^ and f eAtnrúfv, -úift, m. 
(M. and Con.)', 50 C0HCA15 t>o 
cuA'óAf-fA Ag cuj\ feArnrúin mi 
pib (Ker. song). 
Chanting, n., singing, as a psalm 
is sung, (1) cAnuÁil, -áIa, /.; (2) 
fiotlAij\eAcc, -a, /. ; ccauaL (no 
ceA'OAt), -Ait, m. 
Chaos, n., a confused mixture, (1) 
comAf gnAtfi , -Anti, m.; (2) ^0*0- 
otfiAin, -onfme, /. : and besides 
all this between us and you 
there is fixed a great chaos, 
Ajjuf "oe £)ÁjnA ontA fo tnte auá 
-po'óorhAin itió|\ Aft n-A cu|\ eA*o- 
-pAinne -] ribpe (Luke 16, 26). 
Chap, n., (1) a crack or cleft in 
the skin or in the surface of the 
earth, (a) 5Á5, -Á15, pi. id., and 
-a, m. ; (b) rsÁwne, g. id., pi. 
-ní and -neACA, /. 

(2) Crack in the skin, (a) 
érúf\eAc, -juge, -a, /. (erófieAC, 
Mayo and Gal. ; éAófVAc, Don.) ; 
ei'óeA^ is a soreness caused by 
wet clothing rubbing to the 
skin : eróeAf\ ó iAtAig nA 
tnb Alice ic lAijf\in cpin (Fr. 
Eoghan O'Keefe to SeA&Án 
CIájaac) ; (b) méif5i|\e, g. id., pi. 
- r i, /• (M.). 
Chap, n., a boy, a youth, thúIaó, 

-A15, m. ("oeórhAnlAC, Don.). 
Chapel, n., a small church, (1) 
f éipéAt, -éit, m. : where God 


( 280 ) 


has a church the devil will have 
a chapel, aic 1 rnbiorm eA^tAif 
as 'Oi-d, beit) féipéAt A5 An 
x)\aX)AI ; (2) ceAó pobAit (Don.). 

Chaplain, n., a clergyman officially 
attached to the army or navy, 
fé-iplíneAó, -mg, -mge, m. 

Chaplaincy, n., the office of a 
chaplain, féipLín(u)eAóu, -a, /. 

Chap let, n., a garland or wreath 
to be worn on the head, (1) 
-pteAfg, -eif5, pi. id. and -a, m.; 
(2) pttéAT», -éro, m.; (3) pig- 
eACÁn, -Áin, m. ; (4) cofów, 
-eAó, /. 

Chapman, n., a peddler, a hawker, 
(1) mAngAi^e, gen. id., pi. -f\i, 
m.; (2) bútAif\e, m. ; (3) ceAnn- 
uroe feACf\Áin. 

Chapter, n., a division of a book, 
cAibroeAt, -"oil, m. (Don.) ; 
CAibiT)it, -T)te, -*oti, /. (cf. L. 

Char, v.t., to burn partially, toifgim, 


Character, n., (1) a quality or dis- 
position peculiar to an individual 
which can only be injured by his 
own acts as distinguished from 
reputation, which is what others 
think he is ; reputation is sub- 
ject to be injured by the acts of 
others irrespective of his own, 
fcut it may exist though character 
be gone ; on the other hand 
reputation may be lost by slan- 
der though character remain : 
CÁ1I, -e, pi. id. f. : of the worst 
c, if rneAfA CÁ1U 

(2) Reputation or the general 
estimate of a man's character, 
(á) ctú, g. id. m. and /. : he had 
his property and c. (said when 
one offers what is refused), bi 
a (* uvo if a clú Ai^e (cf. W. clyw 
Vkleu, hear ; L. mclutus, fa- 
me us) ; Gr. /cAéos, fame) ; (&) 

c-Á-ps, -a, m.; (c) gftAOAm, -Aim, 
m.; (d) ceifc, g. -e and -eAfCA, 
pi. -eAyzA, f. (cf. W. tyst ; Bret. 
test ; L. testis) ; (e) ctiAimfj;, -e, 


(3) A written character, ceifc- 
iméij\eAóc, -a, f. (also ceifc, g. 
-e and -eAfUA, pi. -eAfCA, /.). 

(4) A unique or peculiar in- 
dividuality, one given to fun, 
CforóeAn, - > óin, m. 

(5) Quality or rank, (a) clot), 
-a, m. : in the character of a 
beggar, 1 scLCo bACAig ; (fc)céim, 
-e, -e-dnn-A, /. : in the character 
of an ambassador, 1 gcéim ^15- 

Character or letter, n., (1) ticij\, 
g. -c^e, pi. id. and -cj\eACA,/.; (2) 
ctót), -a, m. (a cLó'ó was a spike, 
nail or stylus with which the 
ancients wrote on the bark of 

Characteristic, n., a distinguishing 
trait or quality, (1) Ai\voeAn, 
-■Cm, -a, m. (Keat.); (2) corhAf\tA, 
gen. id., pi. -aí, m.; (3) gne, 
g. id., pi. -te, /. 

Characterless, a., without character 
5dti óÁit. 

Charcoal, n., coal made by charring 
wood in a kiln, po'oguAt, -Ait, 

Charge, n., (1) a load or burden, 

(a) uaLac, -A15, -Aije, m.; (b) 
cjvom, g. cjuum and cjunme, 
m. and /. 

(2) The care or custody of 
persons or things, (a) of a family, 
(i) muifujje-dn (mtnjvijin, Don.), 
-jne, -gneACA, /. (cf. Gr. /xépL/xva, 
care) ; (ii) muij\eArm, -fme, -aí, f. 
(same as above) ; (hi) mui]\eAn, 
-|\ij\ (also muifvróeAj\, -t)1|a, m.; 

(b) of anything, cujiAm, -Aim, 
m.; (c) custody of cattle, etc., t 
mbun, as : in charge of the 


( 281 ) 


horses, 1 mbun nA 5CApAtt; 
the fox in charge of the hens, 
An m&TiAT) fvUA'ó 1 mbtm nA 
5ceAnc ; in charge of the sheep, 
the cows, etc., 1 rnbun nA 
5CAOf\AC, nA mbó, -|nt., in charge 
of the house, 1 ft-peroit An oge. 

(3) An order or command, 
ójvotijsxvó, -urgte. 

(4) An impressive address, as 
by a bishop or a judge, ce.A5.A-p5, 

-Airs, m - 

(5) The quantity of material 
which a thing is intended to 
hold at one time, as the charge 
of a gun, furnace, battery, (a) 
cotfiLucc, g. id. and -a, m.; (b) 
for a furnace, bruit, -a, -AnnA, m.; 
(c) of a gun, urvCAn, -Aif\, m. (also 
the shot or explosion). 

(6) A sudden rush upon an 
enemy, lonnrAige, g. id. m. 

(7) Accusation, (a) AcrnmrÁn, 
-aw, m.; (b) cA^Aom, -e, -eACA, f. 

(8) A rush or run, as at foot- 
ball, (a) reA^r^, g- id. m. (Con.) ; 

(b) reirr e ' 9- *&• m - (M'.% 

(9) A claim or lien, éileArh, 
-Urn, m. 

Charge, v.t., (1) to lay upon, as a 
burden, to load, to fill, uAUn5im, 

(2) To lay upon or impose, as 
a task, ó}Voui5im, -ugAT). 

(3) To lay to one's charge, 
ascribe, impute, (a) cuinirn 1 teit: 
lay not this sin to their charge, nA 
cuifv An peACA'O ro n - A teit. 

(4) To accuse, (a) cArAirn, -a*ó, 
with te : not accusing you of 
it, ní *óá óArA'ó teAc é ; (b) cionnc- 
uigim, -ugAt) ; (c) éiugim, -iu^at), 
-teAiri and -ge. 

(5) To attack, to rush upon, 
lonnfAigim, -je. 

Charger, n., a horse, cApAlx C05AVO. 

Charging, n., (1) making a claim, 
éiLmgA'ó, -igte. 

(2) Making an accusation, 
CArAt), ~rcA, m., with te. 

Charily, ad., cautiously, 50 nAifveAC. 

Chariness, n., the quality of being 
chary, Aifte, gen. id. f. 

Chariot, n., a four-wheeled pleasure 

or state carriage, (1) cóirce, gen. 

id., pi. -cí, m.; (2) cAnÁirce, gen. 

id., pi. -cí, m.; (3) cAnbAT), -ait), 

m. (c/. carpentum). 
Charioteer, n., the driver of a 

chariot, (1) cAnbAT)oir\, -ófvA, -f\í, 

m. (2) cóirceóif\, -ójva, -rví, m.; 

(3) ApA, g. id., pl. -nnA, m. (cf. 

A|\a nA bpós). 
Charitable, a., (1) benevolent, kind, 

full of good will, CAfvtAnnAó, -Aijje. 

(2) Beneficent, giving freely to 
the poor, (a) T)éir\ceAtriAit, -rhU\ ; 
(b) T)éif\ceAc, -C15C 

(3) Liberal in judging others, 
kind, beneficent, (a) T>AonnA, ind.; 
(b) T)AonnAc, -Aige. 

Charitableness, n., the exercise of 
charity, (1) cAfitAnnAóc, -a, /. ; 
(2) T>éij\ceArhlACt, -a, /.; (3) 
•OAonnAcc, -a, /. 

Charitably, ad., in a charitable 
manner, 50 cAfxtAnnAC. 

Charity, n., (1) goodwill, benevo- 
lence, cAftAnnAóc, -a, /., also 
cAjAtAnnAr, -Air, w. (cf. caritas, 
love, affection) : now there re- 
mains faith, hope and charity, 
but the greatest of these is 
charity, Anoir 1pAr^A^X) nA Cfi 
neite r eo cneroeAtft, *oóóAr "I 
5f\ÁT) (cA-ptAnnAcc) , 51'úeAt) ir é 
An SfvÁt) (cAfvtAnnAcc) ir tnó *óío£> 
fo (1 Cor. 13, 13) ; charity be- 
gins at home, coftn^eAnn An 
úAfvtAnnAóc r-An bAite (nó ir 
5iofvHA *oo "óume a téme nÁ a 


( 282 ) 


(2) Liberality to the poor, 
■oéinc, -éif\ce, /., from T)é + 

eAnc, love. 

(3) Liberality in judging others 

"OAOnnACC, -a, f. 

Charles 's-wain, n., the Great Bear, 
prop, only the seven stars known 
as The Dipper or the Plough, (1) 
unr a rhón ; (2) .an céACCA ; (3) 
An cAirncéACCA ; (4) An céACCA 

Charlock, n., (Bot.), a plant (Bras- 
sica sinapistrum), (1) lur nA rut 
mburóe, m.; (2) pnAir eAc §Anb, /.; 
(3) cdjvfwi buroe ; (4) neówín 

Charm, n., (1) a spell or incanta- 
tion, (a) •ofVAoi'óeACc, -a, /.; (b) 
pifeós, -óige, -a, /. (also pir neós, 
Don. and Con.; pircneós, U.) ; 

(c) se^f nó^, -óige, -a, /. : Hallow- 
e'en charms, geArnosA SAtfmA ; 

(d) se^f, -eire, -a, /.; (e) uptA, 
gf. id. m.; (/) b|\iocc, g. bneACCA, 
pi. id. m.; (g) eArAnlAi-oeACc, 
-a, /.; (h) opt a, g. id., pi. -aí, 
f. (c/. L. oratio). 

(2) Anything that allures, at- 
tracts or fascinates, (a) cAitneAtri, 
-nitfi, m.; (b) bAlt reince, m. 

(3) An amulet worn for good 
luck or to ward off ill-luck, (a) 
Apt a or opt a, g. id., pi. -aí, /. 
(also anything enchanted, as an 
enchanted bull, zApú Apt a) ; (b) 
uncors, -a, m. 

Charm, v.t., (1) to affect by magic, 
(a) ctnnim pAoi *opAorbeACTz ; (b) 
eAf\ánlui§im, -ugAt). 

(2) (a) to infatuate or subdue 
by pleasure or some secret 
power, rAobAim, -a*6 ; (b) to 
soothe, to allay, rt>Airhni$itn, 

Charmer, n., one who charms, 
magician, (1) x^pAo^, gen. id. and 
-o^uAt), pi. -te, m.; (2) eafAf- 

Uiroe, gen. and pi. --óte, m.; (3) 
5eAfA>oóin, -ónA, -f\í, m.; (4) 
réAnAT>óin, -ój\a, -ní, m. 

Charming, a., delighting, (1) ÁlAmn, 
g.s.f. Áitne ; (2) Aoibwn, -nne ; 
(3) cAitneAtfiAc, -Ai£e ; (4) 
^teóiue, ind.; (5) aoMqaixoa 
ind. ; (6) jnmn, -e, 

Charmingly, ad., in a charming 
manner, 50 nAoibmn. 

Charnel-house, w., a place where 
the bones of the dead are de- 
posited, utdró, -e, -eACA, f. : 
uIavó LÁn "oe cnÁtfiAib na rnAnb, 
a charnel-house (full of bones of 
the dead), (Keat. Ubb., 215, 8). 

Chart, n., a marine map, (1) caij\c, 
-e, -eAca, /.; (2) cAinc ifiit, /. 

Charter, n., a grant from a ruler of 
rights and privileges, (1) cAinc, 
-e, -eACA, /.; (2)bAnnArAoinre,m. 
(3) cai|\c bfvonnuAif , /. 

Charter-party, n., a lease of a ship, 
cowjeAlt eroin ceAnntnje A^ur 

Charwoman, n., 510^65, -ói^e, -a, /. 

Chary, a., cautious or slow to act, 
rriAtt, g.s.f. mAilte. 

Chase, n., (1) a hunt after game, 

(a) reAts, gen. reil^e, dat. reilg, 
pi. -a, /.; (b) piA"óAc, -A15, m.; 
(c) céib, -e, /. 

(2) Pursuit or following for 
the purpose of finding or catch- 
ing, coin, -ópA, -eACA, f. 

(3) Pursuit for the purpose of 
driving away, nuA-15, -e, /. 

Chase, v.t., (1) to pursue game, 
cAipmjim, -lugA-ó : they shall be 
as the hunted deer, beró riAT» 
rriAn An bfiA*ó tAipmjte. 

(2) To pursue, as an enemy, 
nuA5Aim, -a"ó. 

(3) To pursue for the purpose 
of finding or catching, (a) zóp- 
11151™ (also cóini$im), -tnjeAcc; 

(b) teAnAim, -AriiAm(c). 


283 ) 


Chase, v.t., to ornament, omnium, 


Chase the devil, n. (Bot.), a herb 
(Nigella Damascena), tuf An 
pógjvAró ; ttif rhic HaokaM (Sc). 

Chasing, n., coursing with hounds, 

(1) tApAnn, -^inn, m.; (2) piA'OAC, 

Chasm, n., ^nf^oitc, -e, -eAóA, /.; 
•Anr-gAitine, #. id., pi. -ní, /. 

Chaste, a., pure in thought and 
act, modest, (1) cÁró, -e (c/. 
Skr. cudh, to purify) ; (2) geAntn- 
n-Avóe ; (3) X)ax\&xx\á\1, -xtMa ; 
(4) rMofvgtAn ; (5) 5tAiriiriiAnAC, 
-A^e ; (6) iormr\Aic, -e ; (7) 
caow, -e ; (8) io"OAn, -Aine ; (9) 
f ÁMp&éAifAc, -Ai§e ; (10)5eAnAfAó, 

Chastely, «d., in a chaste manner, 
50 cÁró. 

Chasten, v.t., to correct by punish- 
ment, f m^cctujitn, -tigAt) ; ceAfvc- 
ur£im, -t^At). 

Chastened, a., corrected, disci- 
plined, fmAoctujte. 

Chastener, nl, one who chastens, 
fmAócói^, -ójaa, -pií, m. 

Chastening, v.w. f m^ctu^AT), -injjte, 

Chasteness, n., the quality of being 
chaste, (1) 5tAimfiiAnAcc, -a, /.; 

(2) píoflgúditíe, /.; (3) se-Anm- 

iTdfÓé&Ót, -A, f. 

Chastise, v.t., (1) to punish as with 
stripes or in any other way with 
a view to reformation, (a) fgiúff- 
ui$im, -115^*0 (and -fail) ; (b) 
SpeAQAum, -a*ó; (c) lAfSAim, -At>. 
(2) To correct, to reduce to 
order or obedience, (a) ftriACc- 
u 151m, -115 a'ó ; (b) chastise that 
child, cui|\ fpfiAic aj\ An leAtio 

Chastisement, n., corrective pun- 
ishment, (1) ftn.dCcu5<yo, -tnjte, 

m.; (2) pi^nóf, -óif, m.; (3) 
fgiú^fAT), -injte, m. ; fmAcc, m. 

Chastiser, n., one who chastises, 
ftriAccoif, firiACctiijteóif, -óf.A, 
-|\í, m. 

Chastity, n., (1) seAnmn-AroeAcc, 
-a, /.; (2) óigeAóc, -a, f. : poverty, 
chastity and meek humility .... 
the three vows he gave to God, 
bocuAcc, óigeAóc, urhlACc févó 
. . . . ha cfí tnóroe a tug x>o *Óia 
(B. O'H.) ; (3) cÁróe, g. id. /.; 
(4) lormfACAf, -A^f, m.; (5) 
5e.An.Af, -.Aif, m. 

Chasuble, n., the outer vestment 
worn by a priest in saying 
Mass, (1) cAfAt, -am, m. (K., 
éoc. S5.), (c/. L. casula, casu- 
bula and cassibula) ; (2) cocaX, 
-am, m.; (3) éroe, g. id., m. 
(M.) ; éroexvo, ->oró (Don.) ; a 
disrobed priest, r* A^Afvc Af éroe. 

Chat, v.i., to talk familiarly, Ia£>- 
|tAim, -bAifc, /w£, tAbfvpAt) and 
tAbfvóóAt) and lAibeofuvo. 

Chat, w., familiar talk, (1) corn- 
CAirmc, -e, -eAtiriA, /. ; (2) bf e^f- 
AifveAcc, -a, /.; (3) feAtiACAf, 
-tnf, m.; (4) corfifvÁ'ó, -Áfó, 
-fVÁróce, m. ; (5) corhtu A^Af, 
-Aifv, m, (pron. cUhvoah, Tyr., 
CftUAT>Al, -am, Or.). 

Chats, n., small potatoes such as 
are given to pigs, (1) cfiocÁm, 
m. pi.; (2) póifxíní, m. pi. 

Chateau, n., a castle in France, 
CAifteArt, -Ám, m. 

Chattels, n., personal property, (1) 
triAoin, -tie, /.; (2) crvofgAti, -.Aw, 
(3) Áifvtiéif , -e, /.; (4) fOfCAlA. 

Chatter, v.i., (1) to talk idly, (a) 
brve-AflAtirvAitn, -X)am(kz ; (b) ^tAg- 
fvAim, -At> ; (c) ^teóifim, -yeAt>. 

(2) To make a noise by rapid 
collisions, as : his teeth chatter 
with cold, ca a -pi Act a Aj -oior- 
gAt) le ftíAóc. 


( 284 ) 


Chatter, n., idle talk, (1) 51105^1^- 
eAcc, -a, /.; (2) ctAibéif, -e, /.; 
(3) bjuofscAirmc, -e, /. 

Chatterbox,) n., one who talks 

Chatterer, ) idly, (1) ^LA^Ai^e, 
gen. id., pi. -j\i, m.; (2) ^tio^Ai^e, 
m -'> (3)5lio-pAif\e,m.; (4)5t&igíii, 
g. id., pi. -rri, m.; (5) 5115111, m.; 
(6) 5tdimine-4c, -1115, m.; (7) 
5teóifín, m.; (8) clAbAij\e, m. 

Chattering, n., the act of talking 
wildly, (1) bfieAftiAigeACu, -a, 
/.; (2) cAiT)f\eÁiL, -ÁÍa, /., from 
cat» T>eitu^ (P. O'L.) ; (3) 
bteroifieAct, /.; (4) cAbAij\eAcc 
and cLAbAif\eAcu, /.; (5) sUvpAfvn- 
acc, /.; (6) sLAmAifweAcu, /.; (7) 
of birds, gtiA'OA^, -aij\, m. 

Chattering, a., given to idle talk, 
jiofvcAinnceAc, -oje. 

Chauffeur, n., the hired driver of 
a motor-car, 5UiAifceóij\, -ój\a, 

Cheap, a., not dear, f aojv, -Aoifie. 

Cheapen, v.t, to make cheap, 
fAo-fungim, -u5A*ó (also fAoi^fij- 
im, -mjAt)). 

Cheapening, n., the act of making 
cheap, fAoi^riugA'ó, -fi^te, m. 

Cheapness, n., lowness in price, 
f Aoi|\e, g. id., f. (also fAoijYpeAoc, 
-a, /. 

Cheat, v.t., (1) to deceive, to de- 
fraud, (a) meAttAim, -a*ó ; (b) 
ceAtjAnn, -At). 

(2) To beguile, fAobAirn, -a-ó. 

Cheat, n., one who cheats or de- 
ceives, (1) meAUxóifA, -óftA, -fií, 
m.; (2) ceAt5Ai|\e, g. id., pi. 
-|\i, m.; (3) an artful dodger, 
AifceóijA, -ó|\a, -jví, m.; (4) 
cneAtriAij\e, #. id., pi. -|\í, m. 
(also cneAbAif\e) ; (5) clti An Ai'oe, 
g. id., pi. ->ote ; (6) cuigteAUiroe, 
gf. wk, pi. -t>te, m.; (7) pAtcAi|\e, 
g. id., pi. -|\i, m. 

Cheating, a., given to defrauding, 
(1) ceAt5Ai|\eAC, -^15^ ; (2) 
cAtAoifeAc, -fije. 

Cheating, %., the act of defrauding, 
(1) ceAl5Aif\eAóu, -a, /.; (2) 
meAttuóij\eAóc, -a, /.; (3) cAlAoif , 
-e, /. 

Check, n., (1) something that ar- 
rests progress or limits action, 
cof5> -a, m. 

(2) Impeded progress, bÁ^tA-m, 

-AX\A, f. 

(3) A hindrance, coifimeAfS, 
-mif5, m. 

(4) Restraint, bAC, -aic, m. 
Check, v.t, (1) to hinder, repress, 

curb, (a) corpsnn, v.n. cofj ; 
(b) uoif\meAf5Aim, -meAf5 ; (c) 
bACAim, v.n. bAC ; (d) cuj\nAim, 


(2) To mark, to note, corhAfv- 
ttnjim, -uja'ó. 

Checked, a., restrained, fjUAncA, 

Checker, v.t, to mark with small 
squares, b|\eACAim, -a*ó, and 
bjveAcurgnn, -u^ai!). 

Checkered, a., masked with alter- 
nate squares, b^eAcuijte. 

Checkering, n., the act of marking 
with alternate squares, bj\eACAif\- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

Checkerwork, n., work consisting 
of alternate squares of different 
colours, bfveACctvArú, -e, /. 

Checking, n., restraining, (1) cofg, 
-a, m. ; (2) uoi|\meAf5 -mif^, 
m.; (3) bAC, -aic, m.; (4) ct>|\nArh, 
-Aim, m. 

Cheek, n., (1) the side of the face 
below the eye, (a) sjvuAro, -e, pi. 
g^uA-onA, /. (c/. W. grudd ; Corn, 
grud) ; (&) teACA, -n, pi. teicne, 
/.; (sjuiai'o, the upper part of 
the cheek, teACA, the lower — 
(CófuiA) ; (c) pttac, -tnce, -a, /. 


( 285 ) 


(2) Assurance, impudence, (a) 
pUicAifeAcc, -a, /.; (b) COJAlt, 
-gu, /. (Ker.). 

Cheeky, a., impudent, (1) ftimvoA 
.i. t)focmúmce ; (2) fúfcf ac, 
~Ai§e; (3) cogAit, -e (Ker.). 

Oieer, n., (1) feeling, spirit, meif- 
neAC, -ni£e, /., also m.: therefore, 
sirs, be of good cheer, tume fin, 
a feAj\A, blot) meifneAC rhAit 
AgAib Ucfe 27, 25). 

(2) Mirth, gaiety, (a) ftittACAf , 
-Aif, m.; (b) stiomroAf , -Aif , m. 
|C?on! and JV. M.) ; (c) fó$, -015, 
m. : there's nothing in drinking, 
in feast or good cheer, and harsh 
is the sound of strings, ni't 
mAiteAf 1 n-ot 1 senium nó fóg,/ 
'S if f eAfb Liom 5tóf v\a *ozé&x> 

(s. rriAc c). 

(3) A shout of acclamation, 
admii^tion or enthusiasm, $Aif , 
-e, pi id. and ^Áf tA, f. : a cheer 
-of exultation, 5^f niAoróté (Oss. 
IV. 114). 

Cheer, v.t., (1) to encourage, to 
infuse life or hope into, (a) 
meifmgim, -1115AT) ; (b) meAnm- 
n 11151m, -uja-ó. 

(2) To make cheerful, f uom^im 

(3) To applaud with cheers, 
5Áifim, -fróe. 

Cheerful, a., showing good spirits, 
(1) f Ú5AÓ, -Aige, Madam Crofton 
fú^Aó, geAHAtriAit, beAn te'f 
oMonrhAin ceót (Car.) ; (2) f oitbif 
-Of e ; (3) 5tionn > of aó, -Aije ; 
(4) f uoac, -Aige ; (5) towneAmAit, 
-mtA ; (6) fojjArhAiL, -mtA ; (7) 
meAnmnAC, -Aije (cf. L. mens ; 
Or. /xeVos, temper of the mind, 
spirit ; [xe/jLova, I wish ; Skr. 
manas, mind, \/ men). 

Cheerfulness, n., good spirits, (1) 
fúgACc, -a, /.; (2) foitbfeACc, 

-a, /.; (3) ftibACAf, -Aif, m.; (4) 

fÁltbeACC, -A, /./ (5) ACAt, -Ait, 

Cheerfully J ad., in a cheerful man- 
Cheerily, Í ner, (1) 50 foifbif ; 

(2) 50 f ormrhAf . 
Cheerless, a., in low spirits, com- 
fortless, (1) sftjAtrroA, ind.; (2) 
T>oitbif, -fe; (3) >otibAC, -Aije ; 
(4) cfom, gsf. cfuime. 
Cheery, a., showing good spirits, 
(1) éAfSAró, -e(Con.); (2) f uau> 
ceAc, -ci£e (Or.) ; (3) fotAttAftA. 
Cheese, n., the curd of milk coagu- 
lated and pressed into a solid 
mass, cÁife, gen. and pi., id., f., 
also nom., cAif (cf. L. caseus) : 
fit sA'óAif An T>Á cÁif ; green 
cheese, úfóÁif e ; cheese curds, 
5f ut cAif e ; hard cheese made 
in a mould, cAnAg ; buttermilk 
cheese curds pressed but not in 
a mould, mutcán, -Am* w. (also 
mitfeÁn, -Ám, m.) ; cheesémitv, 
mAncntnm, /. ; cheesemould, 
^ftntfteAfs, m. ; cheesepress, 
t?iif^©Af , r- á' m > m.; cheese rennet, 
(1) bunt*, -e ? -i, /•; (2) cófAm, 
-e, -i, fl 
Cheesemonger, n., 5'hé who sells 
cheese, cÁifeóif , -ó\\a, -fí, m. ; 
•oíotcóif cÁife. 
Chemise, n., a woman's under- 
garment or shift, cAimif, gen. 
cÁnrif e, /. ; feme mnÁ : if *oeAf 
An ftiT» An jtAine triAf T)iiOAifc 
av\ oeAn miAif tionncing fí a 
feme 1 nTHArO feAóc mbtiAtmA 
(H. M. 1105) ; 1 n-A$Aró An 
CffotA T)o toniAinn mo feme 
1 fúit cfém' co'otAt) te co^Af 
óm céite (B. M.). 
Cheque, n., a written order on a 
bank to pay the amount therein 
stated, feic, g. id., pi. -eAnnA, 
m., dim. feicin, m. 


( 286 ) 


Cherish, v.L, to nurture with care, 

(1) oitim, -leAtfiAW (c/. L. alo) ; 

(2) cottnjim, -uj-A'ó. 

Cherry, n. (Bot.), a tree and its 
fruit : the common or garden 
species (Prunus cerasus), feitfn, 
gen. id., pi. -ni, m.; the wild 
cherry, fijtíp, -é, -1, /. 

Cherry-tree, n., Cf\Ann f ifiíf e ; cjvAnn 
feitín. See Cherry. 

Cherub, Cherubim, n., iAj\Aipw, -e, /. 

Chervil, n. (Bot.), (1) garden c. 
(Anthriscus cerefolium), (a) uir 
r\& fúocAó, m.; (b) comÁn ^Att, 
m.; (2) wild c. (Chaerophyllum 
sylvestre), cortnrse, m. 

Chess, n., a well-known game, 
b j\AnnArii , -Aitfi , m. = bfVATroub, 
-•oinb, m. ; ptceAlx, -ciUe, /. 

Chessboard, n., the board on which 
chess is played and also the game 
itself, ptceAtt, -cilte, -a, f. 

Chessmen, n., the pieces in the 
game of chess, poineAnn, g. 
-poijwe, dat -poi|\inn, dpi. poijwib, 

Chessplaying, n., b^nnAi-ocACc, -a, 

f. (B.LL. II. 154, 6). 

Chest, n. v (1) a large wooden box, 
cópfVA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m.; (2) 
circe, gen. id., pi. -ci, m. ; (3) 
AnmAine, gen. id., pi. -pi, m. 

(2) The part of the body en- 
closed by the ribs and breast- 
bone, (a) ctiAt, -Leite, -a, f. 
(also ctí, g. id. /.) ; (b) ctiAb, 

g. ctéio, pi. id. m.; (c) ucc, -a, 
m.; chest voice, chest register 
in singing, uccac (P. O'jL.). 

Chestnut, n., (1) the fruit of a 
forest tree (Castanea vesca), (a) 
SeAnmónó, g. id. m.; (b) cArcÁn, 
-aw, m.; (c) cnó -pfidnncAC, m. 

(2) Earth chestnut or pignut 
(Bunium flexuosum), (a) ctónÁn, 
-Ám, m. ; (b) cutApiÁn, -Ám, m. ; 

(c) pi. ppÁCAÍ ClÚ]\ACÁm. 

(3) A bright brown colour like 
that of the nut, a., ciajv, -Aine ; 
•oonnnuA'o, -Ai'óe. 

Chevalier, n., a knight, (1) proipe, 
gen. id., pi. -jví (c/. W. heidyr; 
Ger. ritter ; Norse, riddari, rider, 
knight) ; (2) cujaa'ó, Am, pi. 
id., m. 

Chew, v.t., (1) cosnAim, -gAmc and 
-gnAt) ; (2) to chew again, At- 
cosnAim, -settle, -gtiA'ó. 

Chewing, v.n., cognA'D, -^AncA, m. 
(also co^Ainc, m.) : chewing the 
cud, A5 co^Amc r\A cíneAó (also 
Attorn a*ó, Or.). 

Chibbot, n. (Bot.), a small onion 
(Allium cepa), fiobóro, -e, 
-eACA, f. 

Chicanery, n., sharp practice, mean, 
unfair shifts and stratagems, (1) 
cAime, g. id. /.; (2) •onocUiA'OAp, 
-Ain, m. ; (3) C|\on5Látn, -Aim, 
m. (Ker.). 

Chick, Chicken, n., a young bird or 
fowl, (1) ficin, gen. id., pi. -ni, 
m.; (2) 5eAf\j\cAC, -A15, m. : as 
the hen doth gather her chickens 
under her wings, mAp Cjunnnij- 
eAf An ceApc a ^eAppcAig pÁ n-A 
^^AtÁr\A^X) (Mat. 23, 37). 

Chicken-pox, n., varicella, (1) 
bot^Ac t\a n-éAn, /.; (2) 'oeitj;- 
neAó, -mje, /. 

Chickpease, coll. n. (Bot.), the 
dwarf pea (Cicer arietinum), 
prpeÁnAó, -A15, m. 

Chickweed, n., a caryophyllaceous 
weed (Stellaria media), -ptiox), 
-roe, /.; -ptró, gen. -e, /.; also 
spelled -ptioc, -ce, /. : may chick- 
weed and nettles your kindred 
replace, -pUot) if neAnncog 1 n-Áic 

X)0 ^AOtCA. 

Chicory, n. (Bot.), a perennial 
plant (Cichorium intybus), Uir 
An ufidcAine. 


( 287 ) 


Chide, v.t., (1) to find fault with, 
(a) "oioriiotAim, -At) ; (b) tocc- 
U1511T1, -u$At); (2) to blame, mill- 
eAnAnu, -At); (3) to scold; (c) 
AcirmrAnAim, -At) ; (d) cÁmim, 
-neAt) ; (e) rpneASAim, -a'ó : I 
ehided him severely, fp^eA^Af 
50 5éA|\ nó 50 món é. 

Chiding, v.n., the act of one who 
chides, (1) toccugAt), -tngte, m.; 
(2) fpf\eA5At), -5CA, m.; (3) cAm- 
eAt), -nee, m. 

Chief, n., (1) the leader of any 
body of men, (a) commander of 
an army or such, (i) cAoireAc, 

T 1 5> T 1 5 e > m - : a field- 
marshal, cAoif eAó fUiAig ; (ii) 
ceAnnunnAró, gen. id., pi. -t)te, 
m.; (iii) ceAnn -peAt)nA, m.; (b) 
tribal chief, head of a clan or 
family, chieftain, (i) -ptAit, -aca, 
pi. id. m. ; (ii) cniAt, -Ait, -a, 
m.; (iii) ceAnn emit), g. cmn 
cmró, m.; (iv) cotmAC, -A15, 
-Ai$e, m.; (v) mAit, -e, m.; (vi) 
ií|\nAit), <7. id., pi. -t)te, m.; (c) 
a person in authority who directs 
the work of others, uAccAnAn, 
-Am, m. ; ceAnn, alone, also = 
chief, ceAnn An crlóig. 

(2) The principal or most 
valuable part, An euro ir peAnn. 

Chief, a., principal, highest or most 
eminent in rank or office, most 
important, pníonróA, ind. (cf. L. 
primus, first). This word is also 
in frequent use in the form of a 
prefix, pnirh, pniorh, as chief 
author, pj\iotfi 115*0 An, -Ain, m. ; 
chief clerk, pnírhcLéineAc, -ni$, 

Chief Justice, n., ÁjvobneiceArii, 
-rhAn, -rhAin, m. 

Chiefly, ad., especially, principally, 
50 món món. 

Chief-professor, n., ÁfvoolLArii, gen., 
-An, pi. -oUAitn and -rhAin, m. 

Chief-prophet, n., pníotfipÁró, gen. 
and pi. id., also -e, m. 

Chief-rent, n., Aijvocíor, btmcíof, 
-a, -AnnA, m. 

Chief-ruler, n., pniorhvtACCAnAn, -Am 

Chief Secretary, n., núnptAit, gen. 
and pi. -AtA, m. 

Chieftain. See Chief, n. 

Chieftainship, n., the rank or office 
of a chieftain, (1) cAoireAcc, -a, 
/.; (2) AfvoplAiteAr, -tin, m. ; (3) 
ceAnnA-p , -Air , m. 

Chilblain, n., a sore or swelling 
produced by cold, (1) puAócAn, 
-Am, m.; (2) méirsne, g. id., pi. 
-jAi, /. ; (3) = a scar, eit)neAó, 
-ni§e, -a, /. (Con.) ; (4) poóniA, g. 
id., pi. -aí, m.; (5) puAinnmi, -e, 
/.; (6) puAnnArh, -Ami is M. 
(means numbness from cold). 

Child, n., (1) a son or daughter, (a) 
leAnb, gen. temb, pi. id., and 
-AÍ, m.; (b) pAirce, gen. id., 
pi. -ci, m., dim. pAircín, m.; (c) 
nAoit)e, g. id., and -eAn, m. and /.; 
(d) nAoroeAn, -t)m, m.; (e) nAoró- 
neAn, -Am, m.; (f) ^em, -e, /. : 
every man-child, 5AC uite gem 
nnc ; (g) constantly crying, 
béiceAóAn, -Am, m. ; pur-Aróe, g. 
id., m. ; (h) fat and chubby, (i) 

pACAtÓg, -Ólge, -A, /./ (ÍÍ) pACAt, 

-Ait, m.; (iii) pACAine, g. id., pi. 
-ní, m.; (iv) pArcAtAó, -ai$, m. 
(cAtpAcAn, -Am, Tip.); (v) UAn- 
tAn, -Am, m. (Z7.) ; (vi) cAénAn 
and pAfcnAóAn, -Am, m. (Don.); 
(vii) mAinAó, -A15, m.; (i) ill- 
bred pet, fiocA, g. id., pi. -a\, 
m.; (j) lean, seorpAt, -ail, m. 
(m. t3.) ; (k) naked and starving, 
SÁnLAC, -A15, m.; (I) soft, quiet, 
guileless child or person, (i) 
romACÁn, -Am, m.; (ii) pleibirue, 
g. id., pi. -ci, m. (also ptubAirce 
and pUibAircin, m.) ; (m) weak 


( 288 > 


and emaciated, féAetA, g. id., 
pi. -a\, m.; (ri) wizened and pre- 
cocious, feAtvojvAoi, m. ; (o) 
bunóc, -oice, -a, f. 

(2) A descendant however re- 
mote, ctAtm, -Amne, -a, /., as 
CtArm x\a n^Ae'oeAt ; with child, 
coffee ; AnuAifv "oo éonnAifvc ft 
50 jvAib fi co|\|\ac (Gen. 16, 4). 

Childbearing, n., parturition, A5. 
iomctif\ temb. 

Childbed, n., parturition, being in 
labour, ttnge feóit, m„; ctma- 
eAf ctAirme (nó clomne), m. 

Childbirth, n., travail, labour, (1) 
tembf\eit, -e, /. ; (2) AtpceAffc 
ctAirme : she died in childbirth,. 
•o'éAj; fí 1 ti-Aifce^|\ ctAirme * (3) 
AfAoro, -e, /. (p. t.). 

Childhood, n., the state of being a 
child, (1) teAnbÁnAóc, -a, /. ; 
teAnbAróeAcc, -a, /. ; (2) tnAC- 
>óacu, -a, /. (7 to 15 years) ; (3) 
riAoi'óeAivoACc, -a, f. 

Childish, a., of, pertaining to or 
resembling a child, (1) teAnbAróe, 
ind.; (2) teAnbÁncA, ind.; (3) 
teAnbAc, -Aige. 

Childishness, n., the state of being 
childish, (1) teAviX)ArteAcz, -a, /.; 
(2)-teAribAC€, -a, f. 

Childless, a., without children, ^ati 
teAnb, 5AT1 ctAnn. 

Childlike, a., resembling a child, (1) 
teAtitjAC, -Aige ; (2) teAnbArhAit, 
-tfitA ; (3) nAorúeAmM, ind. 

Children, n. coll., (1) temb ; (2) 
pÁrpcí ; (3) ctAnn, gen. ctAirme 
or ctomne, dat. ctAmn or ctoinn, 
dat. pi. ctAtmAib, /. (c/. W. 
plant, p=c); (4) ctAtmmAicne ; 
(5) conntÁn, -Ám, m.; (6) $;eAtt- 
C|\Aróe (U.). 

Chill, n., a degree of cold tending 
to produce shivering, also {Med.) 
a cold attended with shiverings, 
cjuotfuAcc, -a, m. 

Chill, if |f *, to make chilly, puAjv 

tnpm, -xx§a*ó. 
Chill, a., tending to cause shivering,. 

(1) cf\iotpuAj\, -Aijie ; (2) ati- 
j\ót) ac, -Aige. 

Chilled, a., affected by cold, tAg- 

£t»Af\, -A1f\e. 

Chillness, n., the state or sensation 

of being disagreeably cold, cfuot- 

-puAi^e, g. id. f. 
Chilliness, n., coldness, (1) ponn- 

-puAM^e, g. id. /.; (2) r:uAif\tro- 

eAóu, -a, /. 
Chilly, a., so cold and raw as to 

cause shivering, (1) -puAt\, -Aij\e ; 

(2) ipuA]vóA, ind.; (3) ctnr-neAtn- 
4it, -rhiA (frosty) ; (4) ^Uvp , 
-Aif e : the day is a trifle chilly, 
cá An tÁ btntte beAj; £tAf . 

Chime, n., the harmonious sound 
of bells, (1) cotfigtó^ ; ha cling 
x>o cuj\ 1 scotfijlófi ; (2) cling, 
-e, -eACA, /. 

Chimera, n., an incongruous or 
foolish fancy, (1) pAome, g. id. f. 
(also -pAomeAf, -mf, ra., and 
-pAoineAcc, -a, /.; (2) emnrnif\e, 
g. id. m. ; (3) cAir-leÁn f ad Aeji. 

Chimerical, a., wildly fantastic or 
imaginary, (1) f AobAc, -Ai§e ; (2) 
cArábf eAc, -r*r£e * (3) pAomeAó^ 

Chimney, n., the flue for carrying 
off smoke, (1) purine, g. id., pi,. 
-néite, m.; as the smoke out of 
the chimney, ArhAH An x>eAZAc Af- 
ah cfimné (Hos, 13, 3) ; (2) fmii- 
LéAf, -éifi. m., and finitely, -e,. 
-1, /.; also -pAmtéAp, m. (U.); (3) 
cóiceAóÁn, -Ám, m.; (4) tint)eij\,. 
-e, -t, /.; (5) *oeACAcÁn, -Ám, m.; 
(6) pott "oeAUAit;, m.; (7) múcÁn,. 
-Ám, m.; (8) cmitéA'o, -éiT>, m. 
(Or.) ; (9) a wicker chimney 
plastered and whitewashed,. 
cfAtmAotAc, -A15, m.; (10) gAbAt 
éA*0Am, m. : you would as soon 


( £89 ) 


come through the chimney as 
the door, ni peA^if LeAc aw 
"oofidf nÁ &r\ -$aX)AI éAX>Am (Hard. 
I. 150). 

Chimney-beam, n., the beam or 
manteltree supporting the front 
of the chimney in farmhouses, 
(1) cLAbAf\, -Aif, m.; (2) itiacaX 
fimné, m. 

Chimney-piece, n., the decoration 
round a fireplace, (1) ctorm, 
-011111, m.; (2) cotAfhAnn, -Amn, 
m.; ctAbAfi, clonn and coLAtfiArm, 
all from cotArhAn, a column or 
pillar. . 

Chimney-sweep, n., (1) fúgujiAcÁn, 
-Am, m.; (2) 510LLA múcÁm, m. 

Chin, n., the point of the under 
jaw, (1) fmeig, -e, -i, /., (rmeis- 
eAx>, Don.), dim. -ptneisin ; (2) 
ftni5, gen. -e, pi. -e-dimd, /.; (3) 
ftneAc, -a, m. ; (4) geottvAC, 
SeótbAC, f5eótt)Aó nó seóUfiAó 
(double), -A15, -Aije) m. (also 
ceotAji, -Ai|\, m. (Or.) and pj\ei- 
ce^tt, -cut, m.); (5) fmeigeAT), 
-51-0, m.; one with a long chin, 
pocÁn, -Am, m. also pocAij\e, gf. 
id., pi. -fvi, m. 

China, n., delf, sjveicjie, pi. f. (also 
5t\éití, /.). 

China-clay, n., Atti^Am, -ne, /. See 

Chincough, n., the whooping cough, 
cjiioc, gen. id., pi. -AnnA, m. 

Chine, n., (1) the back of an animal, 
"ojiomtAC, -A15, m. 

(2) A part of the back of an 
animal ready for cooking, ctiAtóg 
-óige, -a, f. 

Chink, n., a small crack or gap, 
(1) 5Á5, -Á15, pi. id., m. ; also 
5Á15, /., and 5Á5A, m.; (2) fgoitu, 
-e, pi. -eAnuA and -eACA, /.; (3) 
f^Ámne, g. id , pi. -ni and neACA, 

Chink, v.t., to cause to open in 

cracks, (1) gA^Aim, -aú ; (2) 
f 5011x1m, v.n. f^oitc. 

Chink, n., sound of money, stiogAft, 
-amj\, m. 

Chinky, a., full of chinks, (1) 
5A5AC, -Ai§e; (2) T5Á5AÓ, -Ai$e ; 
(3) rgÁmnneAC, -nije; (4) f^Airm- 
JzeAc, -cije, 

Chip, n., a fragment, (1) rUr, -e, 
-eAnnA, /. : a chip of the old 
block, ftif T>en cfeAnceAp nó 
btmpcoc; (2) rUrm, g. id., pi. -ni, 
m.; (3) rtifeós, -ói^e, -a, /.; (4) 
r^eAtb, -eitbe,- aca, /., and fgeAt- 
D05 ; (5) Afnós, -óige, -a, /. ; (6> 
CAfViAt), -Am, m. : ir cA-pnxvo 
é "oen creAnceAp ; (7) rpeAtAn,. 
-Ám, m.; (8) rpíoncój;, -orge, -a, 
f. ; (9) at-zai, -Ait, m.; (10) coll. 
rtirneAC, -mj, m. A pL form is 
also used colloquially : where the 
tree falls there are the chips, 
mA|\ a "octiiceAnn An cjvAnn if 
Ann a bionn nA rUrneACA. 

Chip, v.t., to cut small pieces from, 
(1) fnoigim, -ge ; (2) f5eAtpAim r 
-at); also pgeAtbAim. 

Chipping, v.n., (1) fnoi§e, -$ce, 
m.; (2) fnoi5eAT>óif\eAcc, -a, /.; 
(3) fgeAtpAt), -ptA, m. 

Chipping-block, n., ceAfóAti, -Aitte, 
-ctA, /. : the stone is a good 
chipping-block [said derisively 
when a person injures his hatchet 
against a stone], ir ttiaic An 
ce^fiCAU, ctoc. 

Chiromancer, n., one who practises 
chiromancy, (1) ■oeAjmA'ooitv 
-ó^a, -|aí, m.; (2) tAitn$eAfAT)ói-íA, 

Chiromancy, n., the art of telling 
fortunes or character by palmis- 
try, T)eAfU1AT)Ó1f\eACU, -a, /. 

Chirping, n., making a cheerful 
sound like a bird, (1) bio'DAftAcc, 
-a, /.; (2) ceiteADA|\, -Ain, w- ; 
(3) ~s,lá\y tía n-éAn- 


( 290 ) 


Chisel, v.t., to cut with a chisel, 
pteAbAim, -at> (O' R-) 

Chisel, n., the common cutting 
instrument, (1) ponfúifv, -újaa, 
-|\í, m. (O'D. Gram. 291); (2) 
ponf uj\a, g. id., pi. -AÍ, m. (F. M.), 
ponnfAife, g. id., pi. -f\i, m. 
(G. D.) ; (3) fíféAt, -éit, -a, m. 
(fife-At, Don.) ; (4) giteAb, -eib, 
m. (O'R-); (c/- ptb and rseitb, 
&c. ; (5) a semicircular chisel, 
^tnrce, g. id., pi. -ci, m. 

Chit-chat, n., (1) ctAibéir , -e, /. ; 
(2) b|Mof5CAinr»c, -e, /. 

Chitpeas, n. (Bot.), the dwarf pea 
(Cicer arietinum), pifeÁnAó, -Ai§e 

Chivalrous, a., magnanimous, high- 
minded, (1) qwoA, ind. (pron. 
cfógA, M. and Con.) ; (2) cAtmA, 
md; (3) tAocAtfiAit, -mtA. 

Chivalry, n., the qualifications or 
character of knights or warriors, 

(1) c|\ót)acc, -a, /.; (2) cAtmACc, 
-a, /.; 5Ait, -te, /. 

Chive, n. (Bot.), a perennial plant 
(Allium schoenoprasum), allied 
to the onion, (1) fiAbAt, -Ait, m.; 

(2) f iobAf , -Aif, m. 

Choice, n., (1) the act of choosing 
or selecting, (a) co$a, g. id., pi. 
-%t&, f. : take your choice, bio* 
*oo coja ajac ; a quick choice 
is best, C05A seA|\|\ if í if -peA|\|\ ; 
(co$a and po^A are pron. cAé£e 
and juége in Don.) ; (b) co$acc, 
-a, /. 

(2) The power of choosing, 
option, fiojA, -n, dat. -Am, pi. 
-511A and -oijne, /. (c/. L. rogo, 
to ask), (pron. row-a in M., 
f\é in Don., and t^eogA, N. Con.) : 
take your choice, C05 "oo ^o%a. 

(3) The thing chosen or se- 
lected, (a) t^o$A, as in 2 : he is 
the choice I chose for myself, 
'f é mo H05A *oo to§Af "oom pew 

(McD.) ; agreement is the best 
choice, ní centeAnn ^oja 'ón 
|\éi > óceAc ; jgeóbAró mé peAfi 
1 scjAuinniujA-o/Asuf mAC 'jm 
mb|\oinn;/if emo fxosATíe'n Cfuúj\/ 
mo t)eA|\b|AÁtAi|\ -péw bei*óeAf 
tiom [bí fiA*o te c^ocAt) -| bi a 
fojA Aid Aon ArnÁm aca "oo C05- 
awc téi ; puAi|\ fí An cmú^] ; (b) 
f\05Ain, -e, pi. -oijne,/.: she is my 
choice from among all the women 
of the world, if Í mo jwgAin aj\ 
mnÁib An T>omAin (Or., D. A.) ; 
(c) 501 |\m, -ofrniA, /. : you are 
my choice, mo goijvm cú. 

(4) The best or choicest part 
of anything, fo$^ an d coja as 
above : there was choice of food 
and choice of drink, bí ^o$a 5AC 
bró Ann if cojA 5AÓ "oije Ann 
(D. A.). 

Choice, a., (1) co$ac, -Ai$e ; (2) 
f^otAtfiAit, -mtA. 

Choiceness, n., excellence, co$acc, 
-a, /. 

Choir, n., (1) a band of singers, 
esp. in a church, ctAif, -e, 
-eAnnA, /. 

(2) The part of the church 
designed for the singers, co^a-d, 
gen. and pi. có|\ait), m. : they 
found the choir full of friars, 
pUAJAATJAft AVi cóf\A > ó tÁn *oe 
btAÁit|\ib (P. L. 151). 

Choir-singing, n., ctAirceA^At, -Ait, 

Choke, v.t., to stifle, to suffocate, 
CACCAim, -a*, pp. cAcctnjce : 
choke you, 50 t)CAccui5ceA|A cú ; 
truth never choked a man, niof\ 
tAcc An fi|\mne -peAj\ |\iAm. 

Choking, n., the act of stifling or 
suffocating, (1) uacca*, -tngte, 
m.; (2) ptúóA*ó, -óca, m.; (3) 
múóAt), -oca, m. 

Choking (half), n., pottAccA*, 
-ui§ce, m. 


( 291 ) 


Choler, n., (1) the bile, (a) T)ornbtAf , 
-Aif , m.; (b) tionn juiAt), -Ait), m.; 
(c) fvu At) tionn, -teAnnA, m.; (d) 
tionn T)ut!>, m. ; (e) tionn, #. 
teAnnA, pL teAnncA, m. : the 
humours of the body, teAnncA 
nA cotnA. 

(2) Anger, pe^g, -eifge, /. 

Cholera, n., (1) Asiatic, ftiAt)tAit, 
-e, /.; iAtiAX)tAitinneAf, -if, m. 

(2) Cholera morbus, (a) áv^ 
btnnneAC tfióf, m.; (fr) An ^AtAf 

Choleric, a., easily irritated or 
made angry, (1) coóAttAó, -Ai§e ; 
(2) peAjA^Ac, -Aige., (3) tAfÁncA 

Choose, v.t., to select, (1) uogAirn, 
-At) : choose which you please, 
uogAit) rriAfv if Ait teAc ; beggars 
must not be choosers, ní bionn 
uo$a A5 nA boicc (ní cóif *oo 
bocc beic cogACAriiAit) ; I chose 
you rather than the other monks, 

*D0 COJAf CtlfA UAJ\ nA ITIAnCAlb 

eite (K., Cbb.). 
Chop (mutton), n., (1) g^eim 

cAoi^freótA ; (2) 5^1'fcín, g. id., 

pi. -ni, m. 
Chop, v.t., to cut small, ftipfgini, 

-ge ; rmnj;eAj\fVAirn, -At). 
Chopper, n., one who or that 

which chops, ctiAg, -Aije, -AnnA, /. 
Chopping, n., the act of cutting 

small, mmjeA^At), -jaca, m. 
Choral, a., pertaining to a choir, 

có|\Ait)eAó, -t)ije ; conticeótAc, 

Choral music, n., corhcAncA|\ACu, 

Chorister, n., a member of a choir, 

(1) fAtmAi^e, g. id., pi. -j\í, m. ; 

(2) coitficeót€óij% -ó|\a, -|\í, m. ; 

(3) coirhceóturóe, g. id., pi. -x>te, 

Chorus, n., part of a song, (1) 
ttnnneog, -óige, -a, /.; (2) cufpÁ, 

m.; (3) coirhceót, -óit, m.; (4) 
ctAifceAt>At, -Ait, m. 

Chorus-singing, n., (1) cAntAif\eAcu, 
-a, /.; (2) coirhfeinm, -feAnmA, /. 

Chosen, a., picked out, choice, 
cojcA : many are called but 
few are chosen, cá rnófÁn aj\ 
n-A n^Aifm 1 beAjjÁn aj\ n-A 


Chough, n. (Zool.), a bird of the 
crow family (Fregilus graculus), 

(1) CÁ5 cof *oeA|\5, m.; (2) 011*005, 
-óige, -a, /. 

Chrism, n., holy oil, (1) otA 

coiffeActA, /.; (2) otA nAoiiitA; 

(3) otA t)éróeAnnAó- 
Chrismatory, n., a box for holding 

chrism, buf^A An otA beAnntngte, 

Christ, n., Our Saviour, Cfiofc, 

gen. id., m. (cf. L. Christus ; 

a gen. Cf\íofCA is found in Con., 

Don. and Or. ; cf. Gr. xp t0 "™?) ; 

StÁningteóif An cme t)Aon > OA ; 

false Christs, CfíofCAnnA bfiéAj- 


Christen, v.t., to baptise, bAifcim, 

Christendom, n., the part of the 
world professing Christianity, 
An CfxiofCAigeACC, -a, /. 

Christening, n., the baptism of a 
child, also the feast which fol- 
lows, bAifceAt), -cit), m. 

Christian, n., one who believes in 
Jesus Christ, Cfio-pcAije, g. id., 
pi. -t)te, m. 

Christian, a., pertaining to Christ 
or his doctrine, CfviofCAi^e ; the 
Christian doctrine, An ceAgAfg 

Christmas-block, n., fmucÁn ha 

Christianity, n., the Christian re- 
ligion, (1) Cj\iofCAigeACc, -a, /.; 

(2) CfíofCAtritAóc, -a, /.; (3) An 
CfeiTieArh Cfíofcuvoe. 


( 292 ) 


Christian-like, a., CtúofCAtfiAit, 

Christian name, n., Aintn bAifcro. 
Christmas, n., a festival in honour 

of the birth of Christ on Dec. 

25th, T1o > o'Ui5, gen. 110*0145, /. 

(c/. L. natalica) : C. Day, 1á 

Y\ot)1.&5 5 C. Eve, Oroce Tlox)t-á5 ; 

C. night, oróce tAe Tlo'otAs ; 

fe-Acc feAcctiiAwe fVAtfi ajva ó 

SAtfiAin 50 TloT)tAi5 ; little C, 

(a) not)LAi5 be^s, (M.) ; (&) 

TloT)tAi5 nA tnbAti ; Christmas 

present, feAóA'OA'ó (-ai-ó, m.) 

Christmas-tree, n., (1) cfvarm stéAf- 

ca ; (2) cfiAtin 11 a iloTDlAj;. 
Christ's thorn, n., a shrub (Spina 

Christi), fpíon C^iofc, /. 
Chronic, a., gnÁt, ind. ; snÁtAC. 

-Aíge ; leAncAó, -Aije. 
Chronic disease, n., gnÁt^AU^, 

-Ai|\, m. 

Chronicle, n., a narrative of events, 
(1) if\if, -e, /.; (2) feAnóAf , -Aif, 
m.; (3) qtoiTiic, -e, -Í, /.; (4) 
buAncuirhne. gen. id., -neACA, /. 

Chronicler, n., the writer of a 
chronicle, (1) feAticuroe, g. id., 
pl. -"ote, m.; (2) fCAtAtóif , -ó|tA, 
-|aí, m.; (3) rcAtmróe, #. id., pí. 
-"óte, m.; (4) eAócAifie, #. id., 
pl. -fií, m. 

Chronologer, Chronologist. See 

Chronology, n., the science which 

fixes the proper dates of events, 

(1) leAbAjA ijAi r , /.; (2) cóirheAf 

ua bAimpf\e. 

Chronometer, n., an instrument 
for measuring time, tiAi|\eACATi, 
-Am, m. ; Cf\oinrh éAt)Af\, -aij\, m. 

Chubby, a„ having a short, plump 
face, ptucAc, -Aige. 

Chuckle, v.i., to laugh in a sup- 
pressed manner, T>éAnAim mion- 

Chuckle, n., a suppressed laugh, 
tnion5Áif\e, g. id., m.\ Le-AriigÁifve, 

Chunk, n., a short thick piece of 
anything, (1) -prrmc, -a, m.; (2) 
f mAitc, -e, -eACA, /.; (3) f triAitcíti, 
g. id., pl. -m, m. 

Church, n., (1) eAgiAif , -f e, -fi, /. (c/. 
L. ecclesia) ; (2) ceAlt, gen. citXe, 
dat. citt, pi. ceAttA and ceAti- 
cjvaca (c/. L. cella) ; (3) ceArnp- 
Ait, -Aitt, m. (c/. L. templum) : 
au cé if neAfA [5101^] *oon 
ceAmpAtt fé if pAiT)e ó T)ia, 
the nearer the church the farther 
from God ; (4) "oArh, -Áirh, m. ; 
(5) T)orhriAc, -A15, -Aije, m.; (6) 
Lathi T)é, /. 

Church, v.i., to church a mother, 
coiffieACAim, -CAn. 

Church-land, n., caIa™ eA^tAife, 

ceAj\mAnn, -Ainn, m. 
Churchman, n., one who attends 

church* (1) e-A^tA-if eAc, -f 1$, -f ije, 

m.; (2) ceAtlAc, -A15, -Aije, m. 
Church-oificer, n., ceAttAif\e, g. id., 

pl. -f\i, m. 
Church-property, n., >oiAríiAin, -e, /. 

Church-robber, n., (1) ceAlLAit^- 

teAc, -C15, m.; (2) uAotfigA'ouróe, 

g. id., pl. --ote, m. 
Church-robbing, n., ceAttA^Ain, 

-Aifgne, /. 
Churchwarden, n., bÁttOAó ceAtnp- 


Churchyard, n. ? a cemetery, (1) 
tieiti5, -e, -i\ /. (c/. L. reliquse, 
relics or ashes of the dead) ; 
[at Carrickmore, in addition to 
the ordinary churchyard there 
was |Aeiti5 nA bpeA|\ goncA for 
those who died a violent death 
(c/. goncA, wounded). The last 


( 293 ) 


person buried there was a boy j 
who was stabbed to death about I 
fifty years ago. Near it is fieiUs 
ha LeAnb for unbaptized children, 
and at a little distance f\ eiUg ua 
rnbAn, where none but women 
were buried. No dead man or 
live woman ever entered it. 
Until quite recently women were 
buried there at their own request. 
All these were close to the site 
of an ancient monastery, all re- 
mains of which have disappeared, 
C S-] ", (2) citt, -e, pi. ceAttA, 
/., and ceAUxfVACA, /. : there is 
hope from the sea but not from 
the grave, bionn fúiL te rntnn 
acc ní bíouri le citt ; many a 
day in the c. is the lot of us all, 
if 10HTÓA IÁ r\A 5C1LL ofvAinn ; 
(3) ceArnpAtt, -AMt, m. : we'll be 
many a day beside the church, 
therefore take your ease, if 
lorrróA tÁ tieimro Afv tAoib An 
xreArnpAitt, mAf\ rm jíac x>o 
f uAirhneAf ; (4) eAgtAir, -f e, -ri, 
/. : (5) éA<5lio-p, -teAfA, m.; (6) 
ceAltúir», -e, /.; (7) for unbap- 
tized infants, cittineAc, -urge, -a, 
/., also ceAttcrvAc, -Aije, -a, f. 
Churl, n., (1) a clown, a boor, (a) 
bo'OAC, -ai£, m. ; stroke a churl 
and he'll scratch, strike him and 
he'll submit, cuimit box>Aó if 
rsrvíob-pAit) ré tú, buAit é ir 
aocpAit) fé "oot) tÁirh ; (b) 
boroicín, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (c) 
bo'OAifveAC, -fvrg, m.; (d) rúr-cAó, 
-A15, m. (also fAf cac, m.) ; (e) 
bAtLAC, -A15, -Aije, m.; (/) r-mut- 
ACÁn, -Ám, m. (m. t>.) ; (g) 
zuaza, g. id., pi. -aÍ, m.; (h) 
cuAicin, #. id., pi. -ní, m. (ctncin, 
Don.) ; (i) cóbAó, -ai£, m.; (j) 
T5ottAi|\e, #. id., pi. -fvi, m.; (fc) 
fcottAifve, g. id., pi. -pi, m.; (I) 
fAt-hA-i-ple, gr. id., pi. -Li, m.; (m) 

b|AAmAife, #. id., pi. -ni, m.; (n) 
fctiACAifve, gf. id., pi. -fi, m. 

(2) A selfish, illiberal person, 
a niggard, (a) -psfiAbAirve, g. id., 
pi. -|\i, m.; (&) fiA^A^), -Ait), 
-Ai^e, m.; (c) "oAoifte, #. id., 
pi. -cí, m.; (d) connAfvCAó, -A15, 
-Aije, m.; (e) fgníobÁtcAó, -A15, 
m.; (/) T>iA-|A > oÁnAc, -A15, m.; (g) 
r-grvAbTXDi-p, m. 

Churlish, a., rude, ungracious, (1) 
•ooiceAtlAc, -Ai^e ; (2) fúfCAc, 
-Aije ; (3) lAfscúlxA, ind.; (4) 
bAttACAtriAit, -tfiLA ; (5) itiacaó, 
-Aije ; (6) f cuacac, -Aij;e, m. 
(tn. t>.) ; (7) ^AoúArriAit, -rhtA ; 
(8) > ouA > óArhAit, -rhtA ; (9) "oiajvo- 
ÁtiAc, -Aije. 

Churlishness, n., rudeness or lack 
of courtesy, (1) •ooiceAtl, -citt, 
m.; (2) T)oicte, gr. id. /.; (3) 
"oiAjvoAin, -e, /.; (4) Ainbpéite, 
gf. id. /.; (5) stuns, -e, /.; (6) 
f5f\At}Aif\eAcu, -a, /. ; (7) mio- 
ftiAifvceAf , -cif, m. 

Churn, n., a vessel for making 
butter, (1) ctnnneós, -órc;e, -a, 
/. (c/. W. cynnog, a pail) ; the 
amount of cream put into the 
ctnnneój; is the curgionn, gen. 
-5inne, pi. -gneACA, /., íocuaj\, 1 

UACCAfx 1f 1T1A1C Atl r-A*ÚX)A1H 

ctngmne é ; (2) rrteAT)An (nó 
meroifv), gen. rnerorve, pi. -t)|\A, 
and meA'OfxACA, /. : don't put 
your hand in a churn without 
being asked, nÁ ctnfv t>o tA*óAf 
1 meiTHf gAn lArvfAit) ; dim. 
meiT)ifxin, m. ; (3) rriAifCfve, g. 
id., pi. -fi, m. ; (4) pioffós, 
-óige, -a, /. {Aran). 

Churn, v.t., to stir cream in a 
churn in order to make butter, 
mAircfvTgim, -iu5A*ó. 

Churn-cover, n., ctÁf nA cumneórc;e. 

Churn-dash, n., a churn-staff for 
agitating cream in a churn, 


( 294 ) 


toinro (towró, Don.), -e, -e&CA, 
/.; Lowite, gen. id. /.; Loimtin, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m. (Or.) 
Churning, n., the act of making 
butter, (1) mAifct\iti5A > ó, -tu£te, 
m.; (2) rnAifc^e, g. id. /.; (3) 
mAifcif\, -cj\e, /. ; (4) m^ifci-pu, 
e, /• (Don.). 
Chyle, n., the fatty matter of food 
in the state of a milky fluid, 
(1) tionn soite, m. ; (2) fú$ 
gone ; (3) fúglAC buróe nA 
Cibol, n., a perennial plant (Allium 
fistulosum) or Welsh onion, 
-piobol, -btnL, m. 
Cicatrice, n., the mark of a scar, 
(1) c|\éAccto|A5, -Uiifv$, m.; (2) 
cotm, g. cinLrn, m. 
Cicely (silken), n. (Bot.), any plant 
of the genera myrrhis, osmorr- 
hiza, etc., Uif Ámleó^e. 
Cider, n., a beverage made from 
the juice of apples, (1) ceit\clif , 
-e, /., from ceij\c, an apple, m. 
(cf. bjvAictif , malt) ; (2) f a5*oa^, 
-Aif , m. ; (3) tionn tibAll, m. 
Cigar, n., a small roll of tobacco 
for smoking, 03-005, "° 1 5 e > ~ A > /• 
Cigarette, n., a little fine tobacco 
made up in paper for smoking, 
coicin, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 
Cilia, n., the eyelashes, -pAbjvA, g. 

id., pi. -a\, m. 
Ciliated, a., -pAbjvAC, -Arge. 
Cimiter, n., a kind of sword, 

fLAij^e, gen. id., pi. -pi, m. 
Cimmerian, a., very dark, T>ub- 

Cincture, %., a belt or girdle, 
cj\iof , gen. cf\eAf a, pi cf\eAfAnnA, 
Cinders, n., hot coals without 
flame, (1) 5f 1 '°r^c, -A15, m.; (2) 
AioteogA ; (3) cfiAtfiósA. 
Cingle, n., a girth, (1) 510^, gf. 
id., pZ. -aí, m. .1. cfior buits 

cu|\€aj\ Af CApAtt; (2) caj^^a'd, 
-ato, m. 

Cinnabar, n., red sulphide of mer- 
cury, bAf5^|\c, -Aifit, m. 

Cinnamon, n., the inner bark of 
the shoots of Cinnamomum Zey- 
lanicum, (1) cAinéAl, -éit, m.; (2) 
CAnAt, -a\1, m.; (3) cweAtnon, 
-om, m. 

Cinquefoil, n. (Bot.), (1) creeping 
(Potentilla reptans), (a) CÚ15 
méA|A rhuif\e; (b) tup tia 5CÚ15 
tnéAfv; (2) marsh c. (P. palustris), 
(á) CÚ15 bite ; (b) CÚ15 biteAó 
tnfje ; (c) feAnifAój; CÚ15 biteAc; 
(3) purple marsh, cnÁtfi téAnA. 

Cipher, n., a private system of 
writing, cij:e.An, -eifi, w. 

Circle, n., a plane figure bounded 
by a single line called the cir- 
cumference, any part of which 
is equally distant from the 
centre, also the line itself, (1) 

ClO^CAtt, -AM, m. (Cf. C1|\CA1X, 

B.LL. I. 134, 31, and L. circu- 
lus) ; (2) beAcu, -a, --Anna, m. ; 

(3) cu-df , -aijv, m. (cf. Gr. yvpos, 
a circle) ; (4) jvoitteA^Án, -Ám, 
m.; also pot a, g. id., m. ; (5) 
CfunnneACÁn, -Ám, ra.; (6) cim- 
ceALtÁn, -Áw, m.; (7) pÁmne, gr. 
id., m.; (8) pÁwneóg, -ói^e, /. 

Circuit, n., (1) the distance round 
any space, (a) cotnpÁf, -Áif, m.; 
(b) otnceAlt, -citt, m.; (c) rnoj\- 
timceAtt, m. 

(2) A regular journeying from 
place to place, as of a judge, 
cuaiju:, -a]kt:a, -eAnnA, /. 

Circuitous, a., roundabout, cim- 
ceAttAC, -Aije. 

Circular, a., in the form of a circle, 
round, (1) ciohcaVoa, ind.; (2) 
Cfuiwn, -e ; (3) ceA^clAC, -Aij;e ; 

(4) beACCAC, -Aije ; (5) beAóc- 
AtfiAit, -tfitA, circular motion, 
cofVjuiroe otnceAtt. 


( 295 ) 


Circulate, v.i., to move round and 
return to the same point, cim- 
ceAlLdim, -aú : the blood is 
always circulating, bionn An ftnt 
A5 cnnceAUA'ó T>e $nÁt. 

Circulate, vt, to cause to pass from 
person to person, ctn^im cim- 

Circulation, n., the act of moving 
round in a circle, fAojvcuAifVo, 
-ajvoa, -eAtitiA, /. : circulation of 
the blood, p AoficuAijvo via potd. 

Circumambient, a., surrounding 
poijurnedtLdó, -A15C 

Circumcise, v.t., to cut off the 
prepuce, (1) omceAlLseAjAtiditn, 
-a*ó ; (2) cimtedfsdim, -d*ó. 

Circumcised,, citncedltgeApucA, 
ind. ; cvmcedlXceAfstA, ind. ; 
omteAfstA, ind. 

Circumcision, n., the act of cir- 
cumcising, (1) citnceAltseApfA-o, 
-ptA, m.; (2) cimóeAttte^fgA'ó, 
~5tA, m. 

Circumference, n., the line round 
a circular figure, (1) iorncudipc, 
-a^ca, -eAnnA, /.; (2) cuAipc 
a merit ; (3) cotnpÁp, -Áip, m.; 
(4) poitumeAtt, -milt, m. 

Circumflex accent, n., lomtúb, 
-úibe, /. 

Circumgyration, n., a turning or 
whirling round, umfiotUvó, -avo, 

Circumlocution, n., the use of more 
words than is necessary to 
express an idea, (1) umlAbrvA, 
gen. id. m.; (2) aotnCAirmc, -e, 
-eAnnA, f. 

Circumnavigate, v.t., to sail round, 
cuAi|u:feólAim, -xvo, tnmfeolAim, 

-At). * 

Circumnavigation, n., the act of 
sailing round, cuaij\ uf eóidt>, -led, 
m.; unnfeoldi!), -led, m. 

Circumnavigator, n., one who sails 

round, cuAípzfeóiwúe, #. id., pi. 

-•óte, m.; mmfeólcóitA, -órvd, -pi, 

Circumscribe, ui., (1) to enclose 

within certain limits, (a) ceop- 

tngitn, -ttjAt) ; (b) utrropuromi, 

v.n. id. 

(2) To write or engrave around, 

ci mceAllpspi ob ai tn , -ao . 
Circumscriptive, a., marking the 

limits or form of, amcillp spiobAC, 

Circumspect, a., cautious, wary, 

(1) AipeAC, -pi;ge ; (2) culpAt)- 
ApcAC, -Ai$e ; (3) ppiocnAiiiAC, 
-Ai$;e ; (4) puipeACAtp, -cpA. 

Circumspection, n., caution, watch- 
fulness, (1) ppioccnAtfi, -Aim, m.; 

(2) AipeACAp, -dip, m.; (3) cul- 
pA^Apc, -Aipc, m.; (4) lomgAbÁil, 

-ÁlA, f. 

Circumspect, a., cautious,, 

Circumspectness, n., caution, (1) 
AipeAcc, -a, /.; (2) ppiocnArhAcc, 
-a, /.; (3) cúlpA-óApcAóc, -a, f. 

Circumstance, n., (1) that which 
attends, relates to or affects an 
event, (a) coipg, -e, -op^A, /. : 
the circumstances of the case, 
cof^d nd cúipe ; (b) cúppA, g. 
id., pi. -dí, m. : the circum- 
stances of the row, cúppAí An 

(2) An event, fact or incident, 
(a) ptro, g. poT>A, pi. -aí, m.; (b) 
nvo, g. id., pi. neite, m.; (c) 
cop, gen. ctnp, pi. id. m. : every 
circumstance of the case, jac 
cop *oen ctnp. 

(3) Condition in regard to 
property, health, situation or 
surroundings, (a) caoi, g. id., 
pi. -ce, /. : how are you ? cia 
óaoi bpmi cú ? ; he is in good 
circumstances, cá caoi riiAit Aip ; 
(5) ca t>eip (-e, /.) tfiAic Aip (Con.); 


( 296 ) 


(c) céim, -e, -eAnnA, /.; (d) 
mneALL, -mtt, m. 

Circumstanced, a., placed in a 
particular position or condition; 
since we are thus circumstanced, 
ó tAf\tA mAj\ fo 'óúirm. 

Circus, n., a show in which acro- 
batic feats and feats of horse- 
manship form the principal fea- 
tures, AtriAfvcLAnn , -Amne, -a, f. 

Cistern, n., a tank for holding 
water, (1) AmAn, -Ain, m. (also 
umAfA, -Aif\, m.) ; (2) ftp céAt, 
-éit, m.; (3) *oAbAó, -Aibce, -a, /. 

Citadel, n., a fortress in a city, (1) 
T)únpo|\c, -tunc, m.; (2) cAipteÁn, 
-Ám, m.; nó (3) TDAm^eAn, -5111, 
-5tie, m.). 

Citation, n., an official summons 
to appear, co^Ainm, -AnmA, /. 

Cite, v.t., to summon, cogAinim, 

' -Ainm. 

Citizen, n., an inhabitant of a 
city, (1) cAtnAijteóin, -ónA, -ní, 
ra. ; (2) cAtAftóAc, -A15, ra. 
(P. &.) ; (3) Luce nA CAtnAC 
(coii.) ; (4) bun^A-ine, g. id., pi. 
-•pi, m. ; (5) bun^éif and bun- 
SéipeAc, -fig, m. (if.)- 

Citizenship, n., the status of a 
citizen, cAcnAigteóineAcc, -a, /. 

Citron, n., a fruit resembling a 
lemon, ubAUl butóe ; citron tree 
(Citrus medica). cnAnn ricmon. 

City, n., a large town, (1) cAtAin, 
gen. CAtnAC, dat. cAtAin, pi. 

CAtttACA, g. pi. CAUfVAC, /. (c/. W. 

caer ; Bret, kaer ; L. castrum) ; 
City Hill near Abbeyfeale, Cnoc 
TiA 5CAt|\Aó ; freedom of a city, 
r Aoijvp e CAtnAC ; city life, ah 
f AojAt 1 5cacai|a ; (2) bAite món, 
ra. : it is not the same thing 
going to the city and coming 
back, nt TuonArm "out cum An 
bAite móin ip ceAcc Af . 
Cives, n., a plant. See Chive. 

Civic, a., relating to a city, cacajvóa,. 

Civil, a., polite, courteous, affable, 

(1) Aoib, -e ; (2) ribiAtuA, ind. ; 
(3) tÁjAc, -CAige ; (4) p pteÁ'óAC, 
-Ai$e ; (5) coin, comp. cójva ; (6) 
ruAinc, -e ; (7) ronAto, -e ; (8) 
rononnAC, -Aije. 

Civilisation, n., national culture, 

•OAonnugAt), -urgce, ra. 
Civilise, v.t., to refine, *oAonnui5im ; 

•oéAnAim "oeigbeAfAo. 
Civilised, a., refined, T)Aonnui5te. 
Civility, n., kind attention, good 

breeding, (1) "OAonnAóc, -a, /. ; 

(2) T>ei5béAf , -a, ra.; (3) nbiAtc- 
acc, -a, /.; (4) fo|\Ai-óeAóc, -a, /.; 
(5) rononnACu, -a, /.; (6) féime, 
g. id. f. 

Clack, v.i., to let the tongue run 
on, ueAngA *oo cun An rmbAt, : 
will that perpetual clack ever 
be still ? An mbero An ceAngA 
5Áf\óroeAó fin nA comnuroe 50 

Clack (of a mill), n., (1) meitx, -e, 
/. ; (2) prattle ; prating, sÁnóro, 
-e, -i, /• 

Clad, a., clothed, eATujngte. 

Claim, v.t., to demand a thing as 
due or as of right or by virtue 
of authority, éiti$im, -tiu§At>> 
-je and -teAtri. 

Claim, n., (1) a demand for a 
thing as due, as of right or 
by virtue of authority, éitedrft,. 
-tirh, ra. 

(2) The right or title to de- 
mand a thing, (a) ceAjvc, g. 
ceinc and cine, ra. : I have no 
c. to it, ní't Aon ceAnc A^Am Ain ; 
(b) cAtt, -Aitt, ra. ; he had no 
c. to it, ní fAib Aon CAtt Ai$e 
teip ; (c) ceAnn, pi. -ua, m. : it is 
a good c. for me on him, -if rr»Ait 
An ceAnn "OAm Ain (Oss* IV. 
m, 9),. 


( 297 ) 


Claimable, a., capable of being 
or fit to be claimed, méiti§te. 

Claimant, n., one who claims, 
éitrgteói^, -o^a, -]\í, m. 

Claiming, a., given to demanding 
as of right, e1t15te.dc, -tije. 

Clam, n., a fish, bAinceós, -ói^e, 

-A, f. 

Clamber, v.L, to climb with diffi- 
culty, "OfveApAim, -A'ó (also T)ttAp- 
Aim, -a'ó, and*ofeApui5im, -u^a-o) 
"oo •ójiApA'ó fUAf te c^Ann nó 
ie bAlhA (McC). 

Clambering, n., the act of ascend- 
ing with difficulty, (1) T>fieApAijA- 
eAcc, -a, /.; (2) > oj\ApA > oóineAóc, 
-a, f. ; (3) "o^eApLAcc, -a, /. ; (4) 
T)tveApLÁit, -ÁtA, /• ; these forms 
are also found with prosthetic -p. 

Clamminess, n., the state of being 
clammy, (1) mAoite, /.; (2) 
muAróe, /. 

Clammy, a., soft and adhesive as 
if covered with cold perspiration, 
glutinous, (1) mAot, -oite ; (2) 
mu.<yó, -Aroe ; clammy matter, 
(a) bjvdó, -a, m.; (b) pjvÁib, -e, /. 

Clamour, Clamor, n., (1) a great 
outcry, continuous shouting, (a) 
corhjAif, -e, -AfitA, /.; (b) ájvo- 
$tój\ , -01 j\, -ó|\ca, m.; (c) cAttÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

(2) A continued expression of 
dissatisfaction, (a) cottóro, -e, 
-eACA, /.; (b) 5tAim, -e, pi. -eAóA 
and -eAntiA, /.; (c) ^tAim, -e, 
-eAóA, f. 

(3) Any long-continued noise, 
(a) ^ot^om, -fuim, m.; (fr) 
juiACCÁn, -Ám, m. 

Clamourer, n., one who makes a 
great outcry, béiceAóÁn, -Áin, m. 

Clamorous, a., noisy, (1) Ajvostó^ó, 
-Ai$e ; (2) cotfij;Áij\eAC, -m^e ; 
(3) |\Af5Ac, -Aige ; (4) cAttÁnAó, 
-Aije ; (5) 5A|\ftuAiceAc, -Ai$e ; 
(6) béiceAó, -cij;e. 

Clamp, n., (1) an instrument or 
something that holds things fast 
or binds them together, ^ÁifgeÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

(2) In joinery a piece of wood 
placed across or inserted into 
another to strengthen it, ceAnnc- 
Án, -Ám, m. 

(3) A plank (a) on the inside 
of a boat on which the seats 
rest ; (b) in a ship to sustain 
the ends of beams, jvonscAf, 
-Aif , m. 

(4) A piece of wood nailed to 
the part of the oar which rests 
in the rowlock, (a) stAm, -Aim, 
-aí, m.; (b) 5tAmbA, g. id., pi. 
-aí, m.; (c) stAimbín, g. id., pi. 
-ni, m. ; (d) clAtnpA, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m. : clamp-oar, mAroe 
ctAmpA ; (e) tiofSÁn, -Áin, m. 

(5) A heap of coal or turf for 
fuel, bricks for burning, or ore 
for smelting, (a) c|\uaó, -Aice, 
-a, /.; (b) ctAtnpA, g. id., pi. 
-AÍ, m. (Or.) ; (c) fcuAtAm, 
-An a, f. 

(6) The clamp sods on the 
outside of a heap of turf, (a) 
pófv , -ói|\, m.; CA01 50 rriAit cum 
póij\ a cu|\ Ap móm ; (b) sjuorh, 
-ime, -i, /. 

Clamping, n., the act of heaping 
turf into clamps, -pctjAtÁit, -ála, /. 

Clan, n., (1) a tribe, descended 
from a common ancestor, and 
usually bearing the same name, 
(a) ctAnn, gen. ctomne nó ctAinne, 
pi. cUmwa, /. (c/. L. planta, 
scion, slip, cutting, with inter- 
change of c for p ; (b) cmeAt), 
-nró, -mt)eAóA, m. (ef. L. genus ; 
Gr. yeVos. race) ; (c) fUoóc, 
gen. fteAóuA, pi. id. m.; (d) fíot, 
-it, -CA, m.; (e) mumnceAf\, -j\e, 
/.; (/) pó|\, -óij\, m.; (g) oi|\eAcc, 
-a, f. (c/. Oij\eAóc uí ConóobAif, 


( 298 ) 


still preserved in the name of 
the barony of Iaraght-i-Connor, 
near Listowel, Co. Kerry) ; (h) 
ctAnnrhAicne, /.; (i) niAicne, g. 
id., pi. -ni, /. (rnAcnAro, Or.) ; 
0') ftowneAX), g. -vo, pi. -nee, 
m.; it now generally means a sur- 
name ; (k) cuac, -Aite, -a, /. ; 
(I) cf\eAO, 9en. -eibe, pi. -a, /. 
(c/. L. tribulis and Fr., Ital., 
Span, and Port, tribu). 

(2) A body or society of men 
joined together for a common 
purpose, a crowd, (a) cuaí, -ail, 
m.; (b) cuAttAóc, -a, /.; (c) 
ceiteAfin, -teifne, /.; (d) $Aff at>, 
-avó, m. 
Clandestine, a., secret, underhand, 
-pc-LAijteAC, -ti$e ; óf if eAl. 

Clanging, t?.n., the act of producing 
ringing metallic sound, bUrómAt), 
-Aró, m.; 5110115, -a, f. 

Clank, n., a metallic sound weaker 
than clang but stronger than 
clink, CUT15, -e, /. 

Clansman, n., one belonging to 
the same clan as another, (1) 
•otune "oen ctAnnrhAicne, gen. id. 
/.; (2) cméAlAc, -A15, m.; (3)fAOf- 
óméAtAó, -A15, m. 

Clap, v.t, to strike together, 
t>uAititn, -AiA-ó : to c. the wings 
together, fjjiAtÁm x>o buAtA'ó te 
óéile ; clapping of hands, buAtAt) 


Clap, n., (1) a loud noise, a bang, 
an explosion, cófAnn, -Ainn, m. 

(2) A crack or stroke, (a) 
fc^eAtnAro, -e, -i, /. (Don.); (b) 
bfAoitte, g. id., pi. -li, /. 

(3) Applause by striking the 
palms of the hands together, (a) 
bAfOtiAtAt), -Alice, m.; (b) bAf- 
5^eA*0A*ó, -x>za, m. 

Clapper (of a mill), n., (1) clAbA^e, 

g. id., pi. -j\i, m.; (2) jtAsAn, 

-aw, m.; (3) of a bell, ceAngA 

CU115, /. 
Claret, n., Medoc and Bordeaux 

red wines, ctÁiféAt), -éro, m. 
Clarified, a., made clear or bright, 

Clarify, v.t., to make clear or 

bright, (1) niAttigiAnAitn, -At) ; 

(2) fíotUnjim, -1154*0. 

Clarifying, n., (1) niAtfijiAnA-o, -tica, 
m.; (2) fíottu^A'ó, -uijte, m. 

Clarion, n., a musical instrument, 

(1) OuaoaLL, -Aitt, m.; (2) 5AIX- 
cfúmpA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m. 

Clarion-player, n., SAUxfxúmpóip, 

-ó|\a, -|ví, m. 
Clary, n. (Bot.), a plant (Salvia 

sclarea), (1) ceAnn cwncoitte ; 

(2) coftnÁn, -Ám, m. 

Clash, v.i., (1) to strike noisily 
against something, •oiof^Aim, 
-a*ó ; (2) buAiUm te céite : to 
clash things against each other, 
buAtA'ó neice te céHe. 

(2) To be in opposition : 
these two laws clash, zÁm (nó 
céróeAnn) ah *oá 'ótije feo 1 
n-AjAiX) a óéite. 

(3) To come into collision : 
when the two swords clashed 
together, a\\ teAjifiAit An t>á 
ctAi'óeArh te óéite. 

Clash, n., the loud noise of things 
coming into collision, (1) ptéAfg, 
-éifge, -Ann a, /.; (2) > oíof5A , ó, 
-5CA, m.; (3) cacós, -or^e, -a, /. 

Clashing (against), n., (1) ceAjrhAit, 
-ÁtA, /., with te ; (2) ptéAf5A*o, 
-5CA, m. 

Clasp, v.t., (1) to shut or fasten with 
or as with a clasp, (a) ctAfpAim, 
-a*o ; (b) aucAim, -cÁit. 

(2) To grasp tightly with the 
hand or embrace with the arms, 
fÁif5im, -ÁfSAt). 


( 299 ) 


Clasp, n., a catch or hook for 
holding together, (1) rAirseAn, 
-Am, m.; (2) búcLA, gen. id., pi. 
-a\ ; (3) uAifce, g. id., pi. -ci, 
m.; (4) cAifceóg, -óige, -a, f. ; 
(5) cAmóg, /.; (6) cf\omó5, /. ; 
(7) fcuA'oÁn, -Áin, m.; (8) \)\\az- 
tiAfs, -Airs, m.; (9) instéro, -e, 

-í, /.; (10) CAr-A1|\, -JVAC, -flACA, 

/.; (11) liA5*óeAl5, -eitge, -a, f. ; 
(12) túbóg, -óige, -a, /• 
Class, n., (1) a number of persons 
having common characteristics, 
Aor, -a, pi. id., as Aof ceoit, 
musicians ; Aof unteACCA, 

(2) A general division of 
objects animate or inanimate 
having common characteristics, 
cméAl, -éit, m. 

(3) A set or kind, (a) x>peAm, 
-a, m.; (b) Luce, gen. id. m.; (c) 
Aictne, gen. id., pi. -eACA, f. 

(4) A number of students in 
school or college of the same 
proficiency and pursuing the 
same studies, |VA nr, 5> -a, -aihia, 

Clatter n., (1) a rattling sound 
made by striking things together, 
like kitchen utensils, (a) ctiocAji- 
Ail, -áLa, /. (M.) ; (b) cfuipAir, 
-e, /. 

(2) Talking fast and loudly, 
(a) cuLlóro, gen. -e, /.; (b) ye^z, 
-e^ruA, /. ; (c) 5Áf\óro, -e, -Í, /. 

Clatter, v.t., to make a rattling 
sound, also to talk noisily and 
rapidly, cultóro uó sájióit) t>o 


Clatterer, n., one who talks noisily 
and rapidly, cutumAifve, gen. id., 
-|\í , m. 

Clattering, a., given to talking 
noisily and rapidly, cuttói-oeAC, 
-"oije ; sÁpóroeAC, -x>^e. 

Clause, n., (1) a sentence, para- 

graph or proviso, Ai^ceAgAl, 

-Ait, m. 

(2) (Gram.), cLÁrAl, -Ait, m. 
A saving clause, (1) A50, g. id. 

m. (W. Ker.) ; (2) cotifCAic, -e, 

-i, /• 
Claustral, a., relating to a cloister, 

cturoeAc, -"oije. 
Clavicle, n., the collar bone, (1) 

rtuulSA-oAn, -Am, m. (p. t.) ; (2) 

cnArh tia guALArm ; (3) cnÁrii aw 

Claw, n., (1) the sharp curved nail 

of bird or beast, 10115A, gen. 

10115A11, dat. 10115A111, pi. mgne, /. 
(2) The whole foot of an 

animal having such nails, cjuib, 

-Cube, -beACA, /.; rPÁ5» _ ^ 1 5e, -a, 

Claw, v.t., to tear or scratch with 
claws, (1) r5í^íobAitn, -a-o ; (2) 

1H5T115im, -1U5A > 0. 

Clawed, a., having claws, (1) 
10Í15AC, -Aijje ; (2) 111511 eAó, -mge. 

Clawing (act of), n., (1) r5ti iot) ^ 1 U 
-ALa, /.; (2) 111511 1115 At), -igte, m. 

Clay, n., (1) soft earth, (a) cj\é, 
gen. cjuaí), dat. cmAro, pi. cfiéix)- 
eAtiriA, /. (cf. L. creta, fuller's 
clay, loam) ; (b) 5f\eAlLAc, -Aige, 
-a, /.; (c) c|\éAró5, -óise, -a, /.; 
(d) úf\, 9- úife, dat. uiji, /. (cf. 
Norse, aurr, loam, wet clay). 

(2) The human body as being 
composed of clay, cjvé as above : 
weary my eye, withered my 
body, cuiffe tno fors cm'on 
mo c|\é (Corm., see £é) ; of the 
same clay I also was formed, 
ACÁim -póf Af\ mo cumAt) AtriAC 
Ar ah scjiiAit) céAT)iiA (Job 33, 6). 

(3) Clay which the priest 
blesses and throws into a grave, 
liA5Áf, -Air, ni. 

(4) Fatty, greasy kind of clay, 
boi|\cré\ -cm at), -ó|\iA"óAtinA, /. 


( 300 ) 


(5) Clay taken out of a furrow, 
(a) mAfvtA, g. id. m. (cf: Eng. 
marl) ; (b) rnAUAtAn, -Ám, m. 

Clayey, a., consisting of or like 
clay, (1) crviA*óArnAit, -rntA ; (2) 
cfviAiDA, ind.; (3) u^ac, -Aige. 

Clay-marl, n., cjvia'ó bÁn, /. 

Claymore, n., a two-handed sword, 
ctAi'oeArn rnófw 

Clean, a., (1) free from dirt, filth, 
weeds, etc., gtAn, -Aine : do not 
throw out the dirty water till 
you get the clean water in, nÁ 

CA1C AVftAC AW C-tllfge fAtAÓ 50 

rnberó An c-uifge gtAn iftij;. 

(2) Morally clean, eAn.dc, -Aije 

(3) Shapely, well-proportioned, 


Clean, i?J., to cleanse, ^tAtiAim, -At). 

Clean, ad., completely, wholly, 
entirely, perfectly, quite, (1) 
5LA11 : quite dead, mAfvb gtAn ; 
entirely ruined, cneAccA 5IA11 ; 
(2) 50 niomtÁn : until all had 
passed clean over, 50 n > oeAóA > oAn 
wte 50 rnorntÁn ca|\. 

Cleaner, n., one who or that which 
cleans, gtAncóin, -ójia, -f\í, m. 

Cleaning, n., (1) the act of making 
clean, gLAtiA'ó, -ncA, m. 

(2) after-birth of cows, (a) 
StAtiA'ó, -nuA, m.; (&) beirveACAf, 
-Aif , m.; (c) fjiAftAt, -Ait, m. 

Cleanliness, w., (1) the state of 
being clean, stAweAóc, -a, /• ; 
5tAine, g. id., /.; ^tAnACArv, -Ai-p, 
m., if T>eAf An faro An §lAwe 
mA|\ > oubAif\c ah fceAti ntiAin 
tionnctnj fi a téwe 1 ttoiai'ó 
feAóc rnbtiAtmA. 

(2) Neatness of dress or person, 

-pnAfCACC, -a, /. 

Cleanly, a., habitually clean, pure 
or innocent, fiorvgtAn, -Aine. 

Cleanly, ad., (1) in a clean manner, 
neatly, 50 5IA11. 

(2) Innocently, purely 50 
tieAHAó (O'tl.), 

(3) Dexterously, 50 piAfCA. 
Cleanness, n., state or quality of 

being clean materially and mor- 
ally, (1) stAnAf, -Aif, m.; (2) 
5tAineAóc, -a, /.; (3) stdncACc, 

-A, /. 

Cleansable, a., capable of being 
cleansed, fogtAncA. 

Cleanse, v.t., to free from dirt, 
sin, etc., 5tAtiAim, -At) : the 
blood of Jesus Christ the Son 
cleanseth us from all sin, gtAnAii) 
pint íofA C^íofc A Tthc-fAn, 
fwn ón mte peACA-o (1 John 

Cleanser, n., (1) one who cleans, 
5tAncói^, -ó|va, -|\í, m.; (2) 
5tAnA > oói|\, -óf\A, -f\í, m.; rvéro- 
ceói-n, m. (of a pipe). 

Cleansing, n., the act of cleaning, 
gtAnAt), -ncA, m. 

Cleansing, a., tending to make 
clean, (1) stAnArhAit, -mtA ; (2) 
SlAncAó, -Aige. 

Clear, a., (1) bright, transparent, 
luminous, (a) $tAn, -Aine : as c. 
as water, corn gtAn te nmr-ge ; 
(p) bright, luminous, (i) poittfeAC, 
T 1 5 e 5 &) fotAf ca, ind. ; (c) 
transparent, ^terstAn, -Aine: as 
c. as glass, corn stéigtan te 
5tome ; (d) effulgent, 5tuAf\, 

(2) Clear to the understanding, 
lucid, plain, manifest, (a) pottuf , 
g.s.f. -poittf e : a c. discourse, 
cornrvÁ'ó -pottuf ; it is c. or 
manifest to the world, ir* -potttif 
"oon cf Ao^At ; (b) foiteir\, -e ; 

(c) téif, -e : the will that is c. 
to my understanding, An coit 
•oom ttnfginc if téif\ (P. O'-L.) ; 
it is clear to them, if téir\ *oóib ; 

(d) ioncui5fe, ind.; (e) gtAn, 
-Aine : they [the saints] have 


( 301 ) 


better and clearer knowledge, 
cá eóUvp níof peAmA 7 níor 
5lAine aca (P. L.). 

(3) Unmixed, entirely pure, 
5téif, -e : it is c. sand, if 
54111 eArii 5téi|\ é. 

(4) Free from impediment or 
obstruction, (a) f aoj\, -oine : c. 
from debts, f ao|\ ó piACAib ; (b) 
5téineAc, -ruge : I have a c. 
view of it, cim 50 5le1ne.dc é ; 
(c) -pelt), -e : the way is c, ca 
An rtige neit) (nó 5lAn). 

(5) Without diminution, 5tAn, 
-Aine : the money c, An c-Ain5- 
e&X) 5tdn ; a c. account, ctmnuAf 
5idn ; a c. account makes thank- 
ful friends, ctmnuAf 5lAn x>o 
"óemeAnn cÁijvoe buroeAC. 

(6) Serene, cheerful, not 
clouded by passion, 5té5eAt, 
-5ite : c. was his countenance, 
bA 5té5eAt a 5nnif. 

(7) Unblemished, free from 
stain or sin, (a) 5tAn, -Aine : a 
c. conscience, co5tiAf 5tAn ; (&) 
10^) An, -Ame. 

(8) Free from embarrassment, 
r Aoj\, -oifie : c. of the law, r aojv 
ón n'otige. 

(9) Able to see clearly, keen, 
acute, shrewd, 5tmn, -e : he is 
a c.-sighted shrewd man, ir peAn 
5tmn é. 

(10) Not clouded, fair, as 
applied to the weather, 5eAi, 
g.s.f. 5ite : the day is c. now, 
cÁ An LÁ 5eAt Anoif ; the night 
is c, CÁ An oróce 5eAl (nó 
|\éitceAó nó f\éAlxA(c). 

Clear, ad., wholly, quite, entirely, 
(1) 5lAn : he got c. away from 
them, on Ait) fé 5tAn iiaca ; to 
get c. of the port, "out 5tAn Af 
An bponc ; (2) poLUir aó : he 
sees it as c. as the nose on your 
face, cít)eAnn yé é com potturAó 

ir CÁ An cf |\ón f m oj\c ; to make 
c. to a person, cmmm 1 scéitt 
(nó 1 n-urhAit) x>o t)inne. 
Clear, v.t., (1) to clarify, to mak& 
bright or transparent, to cleanse,, 
to gain a certain sum clear or 
net, to leap clear over or past, 
5tAnAim, -At). 

(2) To free from ambiguity, 
-poittfi5im, -mgAt). 

(3) To free from debt, guilt, 
embarrassment, imputation, etc., 
fAOj\Aim, -At) ; piiAf5lAim, -a*o> 
and -5A1IX. 

(4) To clear accounts, néit>ci$- 
1m, -ceAc : to settle an account, 
ctinncAf "oo ^éróueAó. 

(5) To c. the table, An bójvo 
•oo 5tAnAt>. 

(6) To get clear of a difficulty, 

CfUIAt) CÁf T)0 CtlfV CA|\C. 

(7) Clear up your brows, C05 
ftiAf "oo rhAití. 

(8) To clear of an accusation, 
reproach, blame, etc., 5tAnAim, 
-At> : c. yourself of that re- 
proach, 5tAn cú péin ón AcmurÁn 

Clear, v.i., (1) to become fair or 
unclouded, 5eAlAim, -At) : the 
day cleared up, no geAt (nó xto 
j;lAn) An LÁ ftiAf . 

(2) To get clear away, to 
depart, 5tAnAim, -ax> : he cleared 
off, t>o gtAn r é leir ; clear out 
of my sight ! 5UM1 Af mo jAAt)Af\c ;. 
clear away home, 5tAnAit) tib 

Clearance, n., act of clearing, 
5lAnAt), -ncA, m. : to make a 
thorough clearance, 5tAnAt) 10m- 
tÁn a t)éAnAm. 

Clearing, n.,-(l) making plain or 
manifest, poillrmgAt), -igte, m. 

(2) A level tract of land 
cleared of wood, néróceAó, -C15, 
-ti$e, m. 


( 302 ) 


(3) C. of weather, seAtA'ó, -lea, 

(4) C. away rubbish, etc., 

CAfCAT), -cca, m. 

(5) C. accounts, j\éi > ú€eAc(c) , 

-A, /. 

(6) C. from weeds, etc., jtAnAt), 

Clearly, ad., in a clear manner, 
óf Áfvo ; 50 f oiléif, -e. 

Clearness, n., the state or quality 
of being clear, (1) 5tAine(Aóc), /.; 
(2) foittfe(Aóc), /.; (3) foit- 
éitie(Aóc), /.; (4) téi^eUcc). /. 

Clearsighted, a., discerning or see- 
ing with clearness, (1) 5lAn- 

|AA'OAj\CAC, -A1je ; (2) flOfSAlflAll, 

-mlA ; (3) LéAfVAifiA^CAC, -Aige. 

Cleat, n., both in carpentry and 
on ships, 5f\eAtnAóÁn, -Am, m. 

Cleave, v.i., to adhere, stick, cling 
or hold fast to, to unite to 
with affection or interest, 
5j\eAimiij;iiT), -ujAt) ; ceAn^tAim, 
-5AL : to stick fast to, x>o ceAn^At 
50 -DAingeAn T)o ; wherefore a 
man shall leave father and 
mother and shall c. to his wife, 
tnme fin púispx) Ati peAf\ a 

ACA1|\ "] A tflACA1|\ 1 CeAnglÓCAI'Ó 

-oá ninAoi (Gen. 2, 24) ; my bones 

c. to my skin, x>o ceAti^At mo 

cnÁrhA t)om' c|\oiceAnn (Job, 

19, 20). 
Cleave, v.t., to split, f 5011x1m, v.n. 

fgoilc and -ceA'ó. 
Cleaver, n., that which cleaves, 

f^otcwAj, -Aije, -AmiA, /. ; fsoit- 

ceói|\. -ójva, |\í, m. 
Cleavers, n. (Bot.), a plant, also 

called goose grass, catchweed, 

etc. (Galium aparine), (1) Uif 

5A|\o, m.; (2) ^A^oUif, m.; (3) 

foptAtÁn, -Am, m. 
Cleaving, n., act of splitting, 

"P501XA-0, -Ait), m., and fgoit- 

ceAX), -cro, m. 

Clef, n., in music, uccac, -A15, ra. 
Cleft, a., split, fjoitc, -e ; 5Á5AC, 

Cleft, n., (1) an opening or chink 

made by splitting, (a) f^oitc, -e, 

-eACA, /.; (b) 5Á5, -Á15, pi. id. 

and -a, m.; (c) r^Am, -e, -i, /.; 

W) fS eA ^P> -eitpe, pi. -a, -AnnA 

and -ACA, /.; (e) 5AOA5, -A15, m. 
(2) A piece made by splitting, 

f5oi1xeÁti, -Am, m. 
Cleftwood, n. (coll.), fgoitceAn, 

-cm, m. 
Clemency, n., (1) mildness of 

temper, ceArmfAcc, -a, /. 

(2) Tenderness, cAif e, gen. id. f. 

(3) Pity, (a) 10ÓC, -a, /.; (b) 

10CCAttltACC, -A, /./ (C) CfWAIj- 

méite, g. id. f. 

(4) Mercy, cfiocAij\e, /. 

(5) A tendency to forgive and 
spare, (a) mói^ceAfu:, -eijAC, m.; 
(b) gentleness, féime(Acc), /. 

Clement, a., mild in temper and 
disposition, (1) tnin, -e ; (2) 
ceAtmfA, ind.; (3) CAif , -e ; (4) 
c|AócAif\eAC, -jAige ; (5) loccAtfiAit, 
-mtA; (6) mémeAmAit, -mtA; (7) 
feitti, -e ; (8) cAom, e. 

Clergy, n., the body of men or- 
dained for the service of God, 
(1) cliAf\, gen. ctéi^e, dat. ctéijA, 
/.; (2) eAjiAir, -e, /.; (3) ah 
c-ófvo, gen. An úijvo, m. 

Clergyman, n., one of the clergy, 
eAglAifeAc, -n£, m. 

Cleric, n., a clerk or olergyman. 
ctéi^eAó, -m$, m. (ef. L. clericus)) 

Clerical, a., (1) pertaining to the 
clergy, (a) eAgUifeAmAit, -mtA ; 
(b) ctiAf ac, -Ai§e ; (2) relating to 
a clerk or copyist, sjUioíneAó, 
-tnje ; clerical work, sfAitMneACt, 
-a, /., cteificeAC, -cije. 

Clerk, n., an assistant in a shop or 
office, ctéif\eAó, -mg, m. (c/. L. 


( 303 ) 


Clerkship, n., the state or business 
of a clerk, ctéineAóc, -a, /. ; 
cléinceAcc, -a, f. 

Clever, (1) intellectually, (a) tal- 
ented, (i) incteACCAc, -Ai£e ; (ii) 
rcuAm(>ó)A, ind. ; (b) quick- 
witted, séAncúir eAC, -rige ; (c) 
crafty, cunning, smart, giic, -e. 
(2) Dexterous, adroit, skilful, 
(a) 5AfCA, ind.; (b) ctirce, ind. ; 
(c) •oeAffstiA, ind. 
. Cleverness, n., adroitness, dex- 
terity, skill, (1) BtiocAf, -Air, 
m. : cleverness is mightier than 
strength, if cneire ^tiocAf nA 
neAnc (also stice, g. id. /.) ; (2) 
SAfCAóc, -a, /.; (3) ctifceAcc, 
-a, /.; (4) fcuAitn, -AtriA, /. : ir 
peAnn rcuAirn 'nÁ neAnc ; (5) 
SéAncínr, -e, -eAnnA ; (6) me- 
te acc, -a, /. 

Clew, n., a ball of thread, yarn or 
cord, (1) rsÁwne, g. id., pi. -ni 
and -aca, /. : a clew of thread, 
rgÁmne rnÁic ; (2) lAnnA, g. id., 
pi. -aí, m.; (3) ceincte, g. id., 
pi. -LÍ, /. (also ceAntAHe and 
ceinrte, Tyr.) ; (4) ceinctfn, g. 
id., pi. -ni, m. 

Clewed, a., drawn by clews, 
coóAtvocA; clewing up sail, a\X- 
•pAT), -avo, m. 
Click, n., (1) a sharp, slight noise, 
5U05Af\, -Ain, m. 

(2) A ratchet, pawl or detent, 

fpnAC, -A1C, m. 

Client, n., a dependent, servant or 
follower, (1) OunAine, g. id., pi. 
-ni, m.; (2) cnorn AnA, m.; (3) 
-oufAtvA, m. (c/. -oufAic, a place 
of safety or refuge) ; (4) "our- 
510LLA, m.; (5) cnomostAc, -A15, 
m.; (6) -ouro^, -óise, -a, /.; (7) 
-oufóstAc, -A15, m.; (8) giopAine, 
g. id., pi. -#, m.; (9) 510^05, /.; 
(10) 5]\eir$iottA, m. (sneAf, fa- 
vour, mercy, P. O'C). 

Cliff, n., (1) any steep natural 
cutting, (a) pAitt, -le, pi. -ce 
and -cneAúA (also Aitt) ; (b) 
-pseAlp, -eitpe, pi. -a and -aca, /. 

(2) A rocky cliff, (a) cneAg, 
-enge, -a, /. (also rEt^S '> 
r+cneAs); (b) rs^s, -e, -i, 
/. (rpeits, Or.). 

(3) Overhanging cliff, rptwnc, 
-e, -i, /., and rpmnc, common in 
place names in Don. 

Climate, n., the atmosphereic con- 
dition of a place, (1) &ep cine, 
m.; (2) ne-onénn, -e, /.; (3) -ponti, 
gen. ptnnn, m. 

Climax, n., the highest point, 
nwn, -e, /. 

Climb, v.i., to mount with the aid 
of hands or feet, (1) oneApAim, 

-At) (alSO TD-jAApAUTl), fCfApAim 

(f +"0|\eApAitn) : they shall climb 
up upon the rocks, 'OjAeAppAm 
f 1AT) f uAf An ua cAingio (Jer. 4, 
29) ; (2) -pneAfSAim, -at) ; (3) 
-pneAf^AbAim, -bÁit; (4) "oneirmtn, 
v.n. *onéim ; (5) ponjAbAim, -0Á1L; 
(6) eAfgnAim, -At) (O' R.). 

Climber, n., one who or that which 
climbs, (1) ^neApAine, g. id., pi. 
-ni, m.; (2) > onApA > oóin, -ónA, -ni, 
m.; (3) AitteA > oóin, -ónA, -ní, m.; 
(4) fcneApA*oóin, m. 

Climbing, n., the act of ascending 
or creeping upward, (1) *oneAp- 
AineAcc, -a, /. : they shall climb 
up the houses, •oéAt.pAio vpeAp- 
AineAóc fUAf An ua crgcio (Joel 
2, 9) ; (2) T>neApA*oóineAcc ; (3) 
rcnApAOóineAóc, -a, /. ; (4) 
onérni, -e, /. ; (5) ponjAbÁit, 
-ÁtA, /.; (6) -pneAfjAOÁH, /. 

Clinch, v.t., to turn over as the 
point of a nail so that it will 
hold, (1) bÁnnAim, -ax> ; (2) 
gneAmurgim, -ugAt) : *oéAnAim 
"OAingeAn ; to clinch a nail. 


( 304 ) 


CAi]\n5e ^0 •ó-dinsniu&A'ó, nó t>o 
tJAffVAt), nó "oo rpAm\At). 

Clinched, a., turned over so as to 
hold firm, (1) bAnntA, ind. ; (2) 

Cling, v.t, to stick fast, adhere 
closely, (1) coimtjneAmursim, 
-ugAt) ; (2) le.An.Aim, -ntf>Ain(c) : 
her name clung to the plain [Ar- 
magh], x>o LeAn a n.Ainm "oon 
triAijfo (Reeves, An. Ch. Arm. 
44) ; (3) ceAnstAim, -5AL, and 

Clinging, n., the act of adhering 
closely, comgneAmu^At), -tnjjte, 

Clinging, a., adhering closely, coirn- 
jjfveAmtiTgteAC, -tije. 

Clink, v.t., to make a sound as two 
metallic bodies striking together, 
(a) stunsAim, -At) ; (b) 51,105- 
|\Aim, -At) (c/.« Eng. click, clack). 

Clink, n., a slight sharp sound, as 
of two metallic bodies striking 
against each other, (a) 5tun5An, 
-Am, m.; (b) 5tio5Af\, -Aijt, m. 

Clinker, n., lump of iron ore found 
in lime-burning, cac iAj\Amn, m. 

Clip, v.t., to cut, as with a scissors 
or shears, (1) beAm\Aim, -At) ; 
(2) torn Aim, -At) ; (3) to clip, as 
a hedge, f5iocAim, -At). 

Clip, n., as a letter-clip, -pAifseAn, 
-Am, m. 

Clipped, a., shorn, beAf\]\tA, pgioc- 

Clipper, n., one who or that which 
clips, beA-pfi.tóifv, -ófiA, -j\í, m.; 
tomA > oói|\. 

Clipping, n., the act of cutting, 
as with a shears or scissors, 
beAmAAt), -pt a, m. 

Clique, n., a small number of per- 
sons associated for a common 
purpose, x>]\eAYY\, -a, m. : T>t\on5, 
gen. x)\\um$e, -a, /. 

Clitoris, n., bmlXe, g. id. /., dim. 
bmUin, m. 

Clivers. See Cleavers. 

Cloak, n., a loose outer garment, 
(1) bjw;, g. bnuic, pi. id. and 
-a, m. : ni thiaIac *oo "óinne a 
bj\Au ; (2) ctócA, gen. id. m.; (3) 
-pAUAin5, -e, -eACA, /.; (4) mAXtAl, 
-Ait, m. (c/. L. mantelum) : CÚ15 

mAT)Alt . . . . "DO |\15 tAeCT)A UA 

UAcAm (t. nA 5C. 72). 

Cloak, v.t, (1) to cover, as with a 
cloak, b-f\ACAim, -At) ; (2) hence 
to conceal, (a) -pottnpm, -Lac ; 
(b) ceitim, -tc : he cloaks his 
hatred with a false show of 
friendship, ceiteAnn fé a -puAC 
■pAoi cAi|\T>eAf b|\éi5e. 

Cloak of darkness in folk-lore, n., 
TnóeAtcAifv, -cnAó, -cjtAóA, /. (JEn. 

Cloaklike, a., bj\AUAmAil, -mtA. 

Clock, n., a machine for measuring 
time, cto5, gen. CU115, m. : what 
o'clock is it f cat) a (*oe) 0105 é ? 
(M.), also An mó-f\ a CI05 é ? cé 
méAT) a cto5 é ? and cé'n óto5 
é ? (Con.) ; one o'clock, otnUe 
óto5, nó a tiAon a 0105 ; half-past 
three, LeAt uaij\ cAij\éir a' cm' ; 
a quarter to four, ceAtnAtfiAt) 
f\oim An ceAtAin ; twenty minutes 
to two, pee nóimeit) f\oim An t)ó. 

Clockmaker, n., uAineAT>ófiAC, -ai§, 
-Aige, m. 

Clockwork, n., obAij\ CLU15. 

Clod, n., (1) a lump of dry clay or 
turf, (a) cAt)fAn, -Am, m. (céApAn, 
Tip.; cAo^An, Or.; cAopnAn and 
cAo^nóS' Don.) ; (b) cAointe, g. 
id., pi. -aóa, /.; (c) cAob, -oibe, 
f.j (d) cAob, -a, m., also f5Aob 
(f+cAob), cAobó5 and f5Aobó5 
/.; (e) CU1CÓ5, -ói5e, -a, /. (Or.) ; 
(/) coll., 5fVAbAfv, -ai^, m., and 
bfufSA^, -ai^\, m. 


( 305 ) 


(2) Wet lumps of clay or turf, I 
(a) -oAinc, -e, -eACA, /., T)Anc 
(Con.), "CAncAn (Don.) ; (b) leA-ob 
(LéAt)b, Don.), -a, pi. id., m., 
dims. LeA'óbÁn, m., and leróbín, 
m.; (c) rpAro, -e, -eAnnA, /., and 
rpAt), -ato, m. ; (d) fpAi|\c, -e, 
-eACA, /.; also rpAinceAó, -erg, 
m., but larger than an ordinary 
clod (Con.) ; (e) CAnp, -Aij\p, 
-AinpeAnnA, m., dim. cAjxpAn, m.; 
(f) cAinp, -e, -eACA, /.; (g) coll., 
fpA*oAc, -A15, m., and rpAttAó, 
-A15, m. 

(3) A dull, stupid fellow, a 
dolt, fp|\eAttAi^e, #. id:, pi. 
-]\i, m. 

Cloddy, a., full of clods, (1) fpA-oAó, 
-Aije ; (2) T)Ai|\ceAó, -o$e ; (3) 
cAobAó, -Ai$e ; (4) f ^AobAó, -Aige; 
(5) cAi|\peAó, -pije. 

Clog, n., (1) a block or weight to 
impede motion, cfvomÁn, Ám, m. 

(2) Hence an encumbrance, (a) 
coi|\meAf5, -rmrs, m.; (b) uaIac, 
-A15, -Ai$e, m. : this is a fine 
estate, but there is a clog on 
it, ir bneÁg An CAtArh *oíteAf é 
feo aóc 50 bpuit coinrneArg (nó 

UAtAC) A1f\. 

(3) A wooden shoe, pAicin, 
g. id., pi. -ní, m. 

Clog, v.t., (1) to burden or load, 
esp. with something that re- 
stricts motion, (a) cnomui$;im, 
-ujAt) ; (b) uAUnjim, -ujAt). 

(2) To encumber, burden 
or embarrass, coinme4f5Aim, 

Cloister, n., (1) a covered passage 
or ambulatory, (a) clúro, -e, 
-eAnnA, /. (c/. L. claudo, to shut) ; 
(b) "otuc, -uit, m. 

(2) A monastic establishment, 
(a) clAufcpA (K.) ; (b) clAbrcAn, 
-Ain, m. (c/. L. claustrum). 

Cloistered, a., protected by a 
cloister, cturoeAc ; t>o beic 1 


Close, v.t., (1) to shut, (a) -ounAim, 
-At) : I will close the door, 
t>úxm£at> An T)0|VAf ; (0) -onuronn, 
v.n. id. and •ojuiroeArhAinc : close 
the door, T^uro An >oonAr (U. 
and N. Con.) ; God never closed 
a gap without opening another, 
nío|\ 'ófujro T)ia beÁnnA fiiArii £An 
beÁjWA eite *o'por5AUx;. 

(2) To consolidate or bring the 
parts together, •otúctnjim, -ujatV. 
he closed up the lines of his 
army, "oo •ótúttnj ré tínuí a 
fUiAij; te céite. 

(3) To complete, finish, end, 
cníocntngitu, -ugAO. 

(4) To encompass, enclose or 
gather round, ionrófuiroim, v.n. 

Close, v.i., (1) to come together, to 
unite, "ounAim, -At) : the wound 
closed, "oo t)ún An toe. 

(2) To close round, to hem in, 

•OÚnAltU A|\. 

(3) To come to an end, to 
terminate, cjviocnui^im, -ugAt) : 
the debate closed, x>o cníoóntnj 
An f5|\úT>Áit. 

(4) To grapple with, t)nuroim, 
v.n. id. (also "onuro and "onuro- 
eArhAinc) they closed with each 
other, x)o •onuvo riAX) a\\ a céile. 

Close, n., (1) an enclosed place or 
small field surrounded by a 
hedge or wall, cUiAm, -An a 
-ce, /. 

(2) An alley from a street to 
a court where there are houses, 
ctAttifA, g. id., pi. -aí, m. 

(3) Conclusion, (a) cnioc, -ice, 
-a, /.; (b) com at), -Am, m. 

(4) A grapple in wrestling, 

CúttA5Áll, -ÁtA, /. 



( 306 ) 


Close, a., (1) closed, shut fast, (a) 
T)úv\za ; (b) 'Ofwivote ; (c) ia'óca : 
a close hand finds a close fist, 
rrí bpAgAnn tarn ia*óca .acc "oofxn 

(2) Narrow or confined, 
curh-Atis, -A-m^e : a close alley, 
ctAtfifA curnAnj;. 

(3) Oppressive, without ven- 
tilation, crvorn, g.s.f., cronme : 
the day is close, cá -ah tÁ cfvom. 

(4) Strictly confined, T>Am%eAn, 
-pie : a close prison, pfáor-ún 

(5) Secluded, secret, poLdije-AC, 

(6) Disposed to keep secrets, 
-potAijteAc, -tije. 

(7) Dense, solid, (a) ou§, -a ; 
(b) coríi > ótúit, -e. 

(8) Concise, to the point, 
AtcumA\\\, -e. 

(9) Adjoining or near in space, 
time or thought, (a) 5^ : c. to 
me, im' $Afv ; (b) AcrnAifv ( = ac- 
cutnAif), -e : I little thought he 
was so c. to me, if beAg a 
f AoiteAf 50 rvAib f é corn riAcinAir\ 
•com (t). £.); (c) poguf, comp. 
-poifge and porgf e ; (d) buAitce, 
ind. : the last day was c. upon 
him, bi An LÁ "oeifveAnnAC buAitce 

(10) Sheltered, comfortable, 
ctut-Afv, -Ai|\e. 

(11) Intimate, (a) cÁitce, ind. : 
they are always c. together, cá 
-pixvo cÁitce te céite 1 scorhntiróe; 
(b) x)lmt, -e : they are c. friends, 
ir* cÁir\T)e *otúite ixvo. 

(12) Niggardly, stingy, (a) 
craiAro, -e ; (b) fprvionnttngte, 

(13) Tight, rigid, (a) >oocc, 
-oicue : it is it that closest and 
tightest binds, gurvAb í if T>oicce 
1 if T>ocfvAi > oe ceAn^tAf (K., 

Ubb. 210, 10) ; (&) in wrestling, 
ca^a^aXjza, ind. 

(14) Short, (a) t)túit, -e ; (&) 
5e^|\r\, g.s.f. 5ior»rvA : he cut your 
hair ' too c, *oo jjeArifv f é t>o 
5JAUA15 rvOgeAfvfx (nó fio'ótúit). 

(15) Pressing closely, cut-hAng- 
rtAó, -Aije (-5tAc, Don.). 

Close, ad., c. to the house, 1 n^r* 
*oon C15 ; c. to the door, 1 
rnbéAt >An *ooruMf ; c. to the 
church, 1 bpoguf "oon ze Amp Alt; 
c. to a wood, coif coitte; tÁirh 
te coitt. 

Closed, a., shut, (1) ía*óza, ind.; (2) 
■owica, ind.; (3) "orvurote. 

Closer, n., one who closes, x>tútAX>- 

Ó1fv, -Ó-flA, -rví, m. 

Close-fisted, a., niggardly, (1) tÁirn- 
ia*ócac, -Aije ; (2) rvúcAc, -Aije. 

Close-fisted person, n., (1) fiúcAó, 
-A15, m.; (2) ctinfAcÁn, -Áin, m.; 
(3) crvobAifve, g. id., pi. -j\í, m. 

Closely, ad., in a close manner, 

(1) 50 >otúic ; also 50 "oUic ; (2) 
50 T)Airi5e-An, etc. 

Close-mouthed, a., secret, uncom- 
municative, (1) AifveAC, -rvi$e ; 

(2) neArncAinnce-AC, -oje. 
Closeness, n., the state of being 

close, (1) ougA-oAf , -xMf, m.; (2) 
*otúite, g. id. /.; (3) *otú tA-p, -Ai-p , 
m.; (4) ^oifveAóc ; (5) curhAinge, 
g. id. f. 
Closet, n., (1) a room for privacy, 
(a) cúit, -e, -e^óA, /. : and the 
bride from her closet, -j An beAn 

UUA'ÓpÓf CA A^rrlAC -Af a cúit ; (&) 

ctóifcín, g. id., pi. -rri, m.; (c) 
T)túitín, m. 

(2) A water closet, w.c, (a) 
CArhjVAc, -Aige, pi. -a, /.; (b) 
cAtfifvA, g. id., pi. -Aí, m. 
Closing, n., the act of shutting, (1) 
•ovmA'ó, -ticA, m.; (2) iat), -"oca, 


( 307 ) 


Closing, a., inclined to shut, (1) 
T)úticac, -Aije ; (2) iat)cac, -Aije. 

Closure, n., a closing, cotritAc, 
-Áitce, m.; *of\tiroe.<vó, -x>te, m.; 
•Ofuaroitn, -e, /. 

Clot, v.t. and i., to coagulate, 
HecnoAim, -at). 

Clotbur. See Burdock. 

Cloth, n., a woven fabric of wool, 
cotton, etc., (1) éA-oAó, gen. 
éA^Aij, pi. éAT)Ai5e, m. : hair- 
cloth, éAOAó |Aóm, m.; black- 
cloth, cmtte, g. id. /.; tablecloth, 
é&T)Ac búijvo, m.; (2) bféro, -e, 
/. (M.) : Aonguf Ó5 if a óAfóg 
bjvéroe ; and t>f\éroín, g. id. m. 
(Con.) : now usually means frieze 
but bfvéro formerly meant any 
kind of cloth (c/. b|Aéi"o fíox)A 
(B.LL. V. 386, 2, 11) ; (3) 
coarse cloth, j\Aicin, #. id. m. : 
a dressing for stiffening cloth 
used by weavers, cjAoifsin, g. 
id. m. ; also c^eifgin. m. 

Clothe, v.t., to dress, éATnjijun, 


Clothes, I n., dress, (1) éAT>AC, gen. 

Clothing, \ -A15, m.: suit of clothes, 
cutAit éATíAij, gen. id., pi. -tAite, 
-tcACA and -eACA, m. and /. : 
clothes make the man, 'fé An 
c-éAX)Ac au Tmine ; bread to eat 
and clothes to wear, Aj\Án te 
n-ite 1 éAT)Aó te cuj\ oj\m ; fine 
clothes, s^éAf , " él f> m - •' old 
clothes, 5t\eimif5, -e, /.: clothes 
of dead people, pAoib, -e, /. : 
burial clothes, éA-oAó fieiti^e ; 
worthless clothes, bAtcAir-i: throw 
away those old clothes, caic 
uaic riA feAnt)AtcAifi fin. 

Clothier, n., one who sells clothes, 
(1) éA*oACÁn, -Am, m.; (2) éATDuij- 
teóij\, -ó|\a, -pi, m.; (3) peAf\ 
•oéAncA éAT)Ai5 ; (4) ottAif\e, g. 
id., pi. -pi, m. (Lhuyd). 

Clothing, n., act of dressing, (1) 
éATmjAt), -tn$te, m.; (2) f^éAT)- 
&ó<xó, -oca, m. 

Clotted, a., feórúce, ind. : it be- 
came clotted, "oo f\eóro f é. 

Clotting, n., act of becoming clotted 
^eó^óAt), -óróce, m. 

Cloud, (1) of vapour, (a) néAtt, gen. 
néitt, pi. -Ixa, m. (c/. L. nebula ; 
Gr. vecfreXr), cloud ; c/. W. niwl, 
mist) ; also a crowd, as néAtt 
-piAt)tiAifí, a cloud of witnesses ; 
(b) fgArriAt, -Ait, m.; (c) tnu At), 
-Am, m.; (d) "oUnm, -e (thick) ; 
(e) cirrus, goats' hair or mare's 
tail, ctAitiif\eAC, -f 1 5 e > P> (/) 
cirro-cumulus, riéAtt fgeATJAo, 
m.; (g) nimbus or rain cloud, 
f5|\AbA, g. id., pi. -unA, m. (Ker.) ; 
(h) béACÁn, -Am, m. (Or.). 

(2) Of smoke, (a) -pmuro, -e, 
/.; (b) -ptnuic; (c) ftrmicceo; -015, 

(3) A vein or spot on lighter 
material and hence a blemish, 
ftnÁt, -Ait, m. : she had a cloud 
on her reputation, bí ftuÁt aj\ 
a ctú. 

(4) Of dust, (a) ceó, -015, m. ; 
(&) múf\, -úif, -t&, m. 

Cloudberry, n., the fruit of the 
cloudberry bush, eic^eój;, /. 

Cloudberry-bush, n. (Bot.), Rubus 
chamsemorus, (1) tuf tia r»-eit- 
|\eó5, m.; (2) tuf tia beicjieoise, 

Cloudiness, w., the state of being 
cloudy, (1) néAttcAóc, -a, /.; (2) 
T)ot\óA > OAf, -Aif, m. 

Cloudy, a., (1) overcast, néAttriiAf\, 
-Ai|\e ; néAttAC, -Ai§e ; t)oj\ca, 
ind. : it is getting cloudy, cá 
fé as ei|\$e x)0|\óa ; cecróAC, 

(2) Anxious or sullen, 5^ uAtrróA. 

(3) Marked with veins or spots, 
ftnÁlAó, -Aije. 


( 308 ) 


Clout, n., (1) patch, pj\eAbÁr». 

(2) A cloth, a rag, teA-ob 
(téA'ób, Don.), -a, pi. id. and 
-ACA, and -jiaca, m.; ceifc, gen. 
-e, -eACA, /.; fo™ó5> -óige, -a, /.; 
5iotUi, -Ait, m. (Tyr.). 

(3) A blow with the open 
hand [slang], (a) bAfój;, -óige, 
-a, /.; (&) te-Atroos, /.; (c) teA-ób 
(téA*ób, Don.), -a, pi. id. and 
-aca, and -jvaóa, m. ; also teA'oóg 
and titVoós (Con.). 

(4) A lout [low], (a) ciom-AoAn, 
-Ám, m.; (b) cuimteACÁn, m. 

Clout, v.L, (1) to patch, pj\eAbÁn- 
A11TI, -ao. 

(2) To strike, teA'óbAim, -a?>. 

Clouting, n., (1) patching, pj\eAb- 
ÁnAt), -ncA, m. 

(2) Striking, teA-obAt), -btA, 
m.; teAT)bÁit, -áIa, f. (U.). 

Clove, n. (Bot.), July flower, gilly- 
flower (Dianthus caryophyllus), 
mitfeÁn T>Aj\Ai;g. 

Cloven, a., split, fgoitce, ind. 

Cloven-hoofed, a., having the hoof 
divided into two parts like a 
cow, c|\úbf5oitue. 

Clover, n., (Bot.), a plant, (1) 
Trifolium, feAmAi|\, -m|\Aó, /. ; 
also feAmA|\, -Aifv, m. ; (2) 
common red (T. pratense), 
■peAmAi|\ óApAitt, /.; (3) white 
(T. repens), (a) -p. bÁn, /.; (&) 
■peAm^óg, /.; (4) hare's foot (T. 
arvense), cof rhAroeAc ; (5) 
yellow (T. alpestre), feAngAn, 
-Ain, m. 

Clown, n., (1) a man of coarse 
nature, a boor, (a) bcyoAC, -ai£, 
m.; (b) boT>Aicin, #. id., pi. -ni, 
m.; (c) bÁtlAc, -A15, -ige, m.; (d) 
bAttAó, m.; (e) búifce, gr. id., 
pi. -ci, m.; (/) cóbAó, -A15, m. : 
-OÁ triera eólAif , |\At)Afc if po$- 
Unm T>o§eibeAnn ah cóbAó, triAC 
Ati "OA01, bjMf eAnn ah "oúcóAf cjúT) 

Ati mb^um cAféif 5AÓ cúpfA a 
c«t\ 1 scpíoó (D. E. 108) ; (0) 
HAgA'ó, -Ait), -Ai"óe, m.; (ft) 
-puAice, g. id., pi. -i, m.; (i) 
puAicte, #. id., pi. -ti, m.; (;) 
•OA01, g. id., pi. -te, m. ; (k) 
"OAoifce, g. id., pi. -ci, m.; (i) 
bpeAttfún, -urn, m.; (m) jujcac, 
-A15, m.; (n) quápAó, -a\%, m. ; 

(0) túifce, g. id., pi. -ci, m.; (p) 
teice, g. id., pi. -ci, m. (Or.) ; 
(q) ftiAif , -e, -i, /. ; (r) turn a 
and tótriA, g. id., pi. -aí, m. ; (5) 
cA|AboT)Ac, -A15, m. ; (i) cuaca, 
gen. id., pi. -aí, m.; (u) f pAroi^e, 
gen. id., pi. -j\i, m.; (v) j\úfCAc, 
-A15, m. ; (w) cAbóg, -óige, -a, 
/.; (x) bAfcún, -úin, m. 

(2) The fool in a play, cteA-p- 

uróe, #ew. and pi. id. m.; -pteAf- 

5AÓ, -A15, -Aije, m.; pleAf^AcÁn, 

-Áin, m. 

Clownish, a., like a clown, bcvoAc- 

AtflAlt ; jAÚfCAC ; bACLACAttlAlt, 

-ítitA : bu|\f\AtfiAil, -rhtA ; bAtlAc, 

Clownishness, n., rudeness of man- 
ners, (1) bOT)ACAtrilAÓC, -a, /. ; 
(2) bcyoAicinceACc, -a, /. 

Clown's treacle, n., a broad-leaved 
species of garlic (Allium ursi- 
nam), 5Ái|\teó5. 

Cloy, v.t., to glut, satiate or surfeit, 

(1) jroijMJonAitm, -At) ; (2) múx)- 
uijitn, -ujAt) ; (3) (C|\otnAim, -At) : 
my appetite is cloyed with this 
food, cá mó goite mú^otiijte teif 
An mbiAt) -po. 

Club, n., (1) a heavy stick or staff, 
a cudgel, (a) cuAitte, gen. id., 
pi. -LeACA, /. ; (b) f cA^óg 
(fcéA-póg, Don,), gen. -óige, -a, 
/. ; (c) flA^Án, -Ám, m. ; (d) 
ftAócÁn, -Am, m. ; (e) to^s, ^. 
tui^se, pZ. -a, /. also m.; (/) 
fmífce, g. id., pi. -ci, m.; (g) 
short, fmAiccin, gf. id., pi. -ni, 


( 309 ) 


m.; (h) cnAircin, g. id., pi. -ni, 
m.; {%) féimre, g. id., pi. -aca, 
/.; 0") cti At, -eite, -a, /.; (k) 
cti At Aitpin, g. id., pi. -ni. .1. 
rriAroe tÁiriie rnón -j ceAnn món 

Club-law, An lÁtn tÁroin. 

(2) Society for the promotion 
of good-fellowship or some other 
common object, coriiUiA-OAfi, 
-aij\, m. 
Club-foot, n., Talipes, (1) cAtn- 
neitig, -e, /,; (2) rpAg, -Áige, 

-A, f. 

Club-footed, a., having a club foot, 
(1) cAmlvnpsAc, -Aije ; (2) CAtn- 
UnnsneAC, -mje ; (3) CArnneitige ; 
(4)r5AbnAó, -Ai§e (c/. L. scaurus); 
(5) rpAgAC, -Aije ; (6) cnúbAó, 

A club-footed person, (a) fs^b- 
f\AC, -A15, m.; (b) fSAbnÁn, -Ám, 
m -l ( c ) rs^bjuiroe, m.; (d) cAm- 
neiLgneAC, -1115, nt.; (e) rpAgAine, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Club-moss, n., a moss-like plant 
(Lycopodium clavatum), 5^005 
rtéibe ; cnúibíní fiorm.415. 

Club-rush, n. (Bot.), (1) a tall rush 
(Typha latifolia), reitfnn, -time, 
-neACA, /.; (2) dwarf (Scirpus 
lacustris), cnuACUiACAin, f. ; (3) 
ci Ab CeAnnxmb. 

Clubs (in cards), n., c^ioc (rnut, 
Don.) : the knave and five of 
spades, clubs, diamonds and 
hearts are the best trumps in 
the game (of cards), ctnneAc -j 
cionÁt) fpéi]\ioc, cnioc, muiltioc 
1 Y\ApzA v\a rnÁt)A ir peÁ^n f-An 

Cluck, v.L, to call together, as a 
hen does her chickens, (1) $n A^At- 
awi, -%aI ; (2) 505AltAim, -At) : to 
cluck like a hen, x>o 5fU5<a nó 
■oo gosAttdt) niAn 'óé-An^A'ó ceAj\c. 

Clucking, n., the call of a hen to 
her chickens, snÁsÁit, -áia, f. ;. 
5j\á5aUac, -ai§, m.; 5|vÁ5-áoit,. 
-e, /.; ctusAtlAt), -Ait), m.; 505- 
AilA-ó, -Ait) ; a clucking noise in* 
the throat when drawing the- 
last breath, fgtogAoit, -e, /. 

Clue. See Clew. 

Clump of trees, n., motA|\, -aiji, m. 

Clumsiness, n., the quality of being 
clumsy, neirivoeir e ; Aint)eir e ; 
cúcgAit, -e, /. 

Clumsy, a., awkward, unhandy 
and hence ill-made, (1) neirii- 
■oeAr, -eir e ; (2) rnir cuAtn(t))A ; 
(3) ctiACAc, -Ai$e ; (4) mróeAtAtri- 
Ait, -riitA ; (5) tiobAf ca, ind. ; 
(6) urpÁnuA, ind, : clumsy girl, 
Surcós, -óise, -05A, /.; rninnleós, 
/.; rmútnós, /. 

A clumsy fellow, cúcAine, g. 
id., pi. -ni, m.; iifpÁn, -Ám, m. 

Cluster, n., (1) of grapes, (a) 
cAnpÁn, -Ám, m.; (b) cnobAing, 
-e, -eACA, /.; (c) cnotÁn, -Aw,m.; 

(2) of nuts, mosAtl, -ami, m.; (3) 
of any fruit, (a) cnApÁn, -Ám, 
m.; (&*5 cntnnneACÁn ; (c) meAtt, 
g. rmtt, pi. id. m.; (d) cnuirmrsin, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (4) of rushes, 
cjuopAtt, -Aitt, m.; (5) of stars, 
(a) rcniAUos, -ói^e, -a, /.; (b) 
rcfveóitfn, g. id., pi. -ni, m.; (c) 
the Cluster, An tiuAite bot>Aó. 

Clustering, a., in groups, (1) cAnp- 
ÁnAó, -Ai$e ; (2) cnApÁnAó, -Ai^e;. 

(3) cfMopAttAC, -A150. 

Clutch, v.L, (1) to grasp or seize,, 
(a) 5j\eAtntii5im, -ujAt) ; (&) 
5|\AbAim, -aX). 

(2) To grasp greedily, (a) m- 
5^eAmui5im, -ugAt) ; (b) to fall 
again into the enemies' clutches, 
t>o tinam An AtuAin 1 tÁiriAib tiA 


Clutch, v.i., to snatch at, siAAbAim,, 
-Ai> (a^). 


( 310 ) 


Clutch, n., (1) grip or grasp, (a) 
5f\eim, -eAmA, -eArriAnnA, m. : the 
drowning man's clutch, sjveim 
An "pif\ bÁróce ; (b) ff\Án, -Ám, 
m.; (c) C|\ó5, -óige, -a, /. 

(2) Brood of chickens, etc., (a) 
Át, g. and pi. Áit, m.; (b) éitín, #. 
id., pi. -ní, m. (c/. Aitbín and 
eitbm, a little flock) ; (c) fg^Aoi, 
#. id., pi. -te, m. (Or.); (d) tine, 
g. id., pi. -ci, /. (P. &.). 

Clutching, n., the act of snatching 
or grabbing at, (1) s^eAmujAX), 
-tngte, m. ; (2) mj^eArnujAt), 
m -> (3) SfAbA'ó, -btA, m. 

Clutching, a., inclined to or given 
to snatching at, (1) 5j\eAin(t)Ac, 
-Ai§e ; (2) mgf eAm(t)Ac, -Aije ; 
(3) 5|\AbAc, -Aije. 

Clyster, n., an injection, (1) 
fceAttA, g. id., pi. -aí, m.; (2) 
teijeAf tAfgtA, g. id., pi. -aí, 
m. ; also teijeAf tACUAT), -Ait), 
m. and teijeAf teACd (Dr. 
Costelloe) ; (3) 5tiofCAi|\e, g. id., 
pi. -f\i, m. ; also ctiofCA|\, -aij\, 

Coach, n., (1) a large four-wheeled 
carriage, (a) cóifce, #ew. id., pi. 
-ci, m. ; (b) cApbAT), -avo, m. (c/. 
carpentum ; W. cerbyd) ; (c) 
cA|\b, -Aij\b, m. ; (2) a person 
who crams for examinations, 
£oi|v-oroe, m. 

Coach-house, n., CA^ctAnn, -Ainne, 
-a, /. 

Coaching, n., travelling by coach, 
(1) cóifceóif\eACc, -a, /.; (2) 

CÓ1fC1f\eAÓC, -a, /. 

Coachmaker, n., (1) cA^bAi|\e, g. 
id., pi. -|\i, m.; (2) cutb, m. 

Coachman, n., a man whose busi- 
ness it is to drive a coach, (1) 
cóifceóij\, -ó^a, -jaí, m.; (2) 
cóifci|ve, gf. id., pi. -|\i, m. (Don.). 

Co-adjust, v.t., to adjust mutually, 
coirh|\éit)Ci5im, -ceAó. 

Co-adjustment, n., coitfij\éroceAcc, 
-a, /. 

Co-adjutor, n., an assistant, cotfi- 
tÁtfmróe, gf. id., pi. -"óte, m. ; 
corhcuroigteóifA, -ó|\a, -]\í, m. 

Coagulate, fl.í., to curdle, (1) 
céAócAim, -At) (also céACuurgim, 
-u^AT)) ; (2) -peAttifwngim, -ujAt). 

Coagulation, n., curdling, (1) 
céAócAi), -urgte ; (2) fieirhj\e, 
g. id. /.; (3) bmroeACu, -a, /. 

Coagulative, a., tending to curdle, 
(1) |AeArh|\Ac, -Aij;e ; (2) céAócAó, 
-Aije ; (3) bmroeAó, -Tn^e ; (4) 
5]\ucac, -Aije. 

Coagent, n., a co-worker, corni- 
timti^e, g. id., pi. -j\i, m. 

Coal, n., (1) mineral, guAt, -Ait, m. 
(2) Of fire, (a) ftnéAj\óro, -e, 
pi. -i and -eAóA, /.; (b) fpj\éró, 
-e, -eAnnA, /.; (c) Aibteóg, -óige, 
-a, /. (U.) ; (d) éibeAt, -bit, m. : 
a small coal often lights a great 
fire, if beAg 'au c-éibeAt tAfAf 
ceine rhóf\ (Or.) ; (e) "oeAtÁn, 
-Am, m. 

Coal-black, a., (1) 511AVÓA, ind.; (2) 
ciojvoub, -"otube. 

Coalescence, n., the state of being 
united, cÁtAróeAóc, -a, /. 

Coal-fish, n. (Gadus carbonaris), 
. fAoi"óeAn. See Pollock. 

Coal-pit, n., a pit where coal is 
dug, (1) fto5 5UAit, m.; (2) ^uAt- 
ctAif , -e, -eAnnA, /. 

Co-arrangement, n., coitfieA5Af\, 
-A1|A, m. 

Coarse, a., rough, (1) sAyX), -Aif\be 
(cf. W. garw ; Bret, garu, hard, 
cruel) ; (2) fgjvÁbÁnAC, -Aige ; 
(3) fceipineAc, -mge ; anything 
c, |\Af5AtAó, -A15, m.; c. cloth, 
(a) 5|\ÁbÁn, -Ám, m.; (b) peAttcóg 
-óige, -a, /.; c. embraces, mAOf- 
f\AT), -Ait), m.; c. fellow, (a) 
5A|vbÁnAó, -A15, m.; (b) |\ÁbAi^e, 
g. id., pi. -fvi, m. 


( 311 ) 


Coarseness, n., roughness, 5Aij\be, 
gen. id. /.; gAi^beAóc, -a, /. 

Coast, n., (1) the coastline of a 
country, (a) pimmeAtt, -mitt, m.; 
(b) imeAtt, -mitt, m.; (c) teic- 
imeAtt, -mitt, m. ; (d) rnieAtt- 
bójvo, -ftúifvo, m. ; (e) oi|teAf\, 
-mft, m. 

(2) The seashore, (a) cnÁig, 
--á^A, pi. id. /.; (b) cuAn, -Am, 
-ncA, m.; (c) fCfwoA, #. id, pi. 
-ai, m.; (d) fCfíoT)A, g. id., pi. 
-ai, m.; (e) poj\c, -uif\c, m.; (/) 
coif fAim^e, /. ; (g) mutnunrs, 
/. ; (h) ciAX)&c, -A15, m. 

Coastguard, n., one of a body of 
men stationed along the coast, 
(1) cuAnA > oóifA, -óttA, -f\í, m.; (2) 
triAOf\ imitt, m. 

Coat, n., (1) an outer garment 
worn by men, (a) CAfój;, -óige, 
-05A, /. (c/. Eng. cassock) ; (b) 
cóca, gr. idí., pi. -aí, m. 

(2) Of arms, n., (a) éroe Aifxtri, 
m.; (b) A|\mAf, -Air, m.; (c) 
ruAiceAticAf , -Air, m. 

(3) Of mail, n., (á) túineAC, -15, 
m. and UnbueAc, -15, m. (cf. L. 
lorica) ; (b) érae ptÁcA ; (c) 
PUAC05, - ó1 5&, -a, /. 

(4) Of an animal, piomiAt), 
-Aro, -Ai*óe, m. ; ctúrh, -úim, m. 

Coax, v.i., to persuade by soothing 
talk, flattery or fondling, (1) 
b^éAgAnn, -&Ó ; (2) meAttAim, 
-&-Ó : I coaxed with my promises 
when she was young, r>o meAttAr 
tern' §eAttdib c^Ác bí fí 05 (A. 
McC.) ; (3) bUvopAim, -*OAn ; (4) 
bteAócAim, -At>. 

Coaxer, n., one who coaxes, (1) 
bteroif\e, m.; (2) bUmaifie, gen. 
id., pi. -fi, wi.; (3) bmAX)Ai|\e, 
#. id pi. -f\i, m.; (4) meAttcóin, 
-ó|\a, -|\í, m. 

Coaxing, n., the act of persuading 
by soft talk, flattery or fondling, 

(1) btevoeAjvacc, -a, /.; (2) bt<vo~ 
Ai|\eAcu, -a, /.; (3) btA*OAn, -aijv 
m.; (4) b|\iA > OAi|\eAcc, -a, /. : c- 
sweetly, meAttAt), -tea, m. ; the 
child trying to coax the old man 
home with him, ah pÁirce a$ 
ia|\|\ait) An cf eAtrotnne a meAttAt) 
AbAite teif ; (5) b^eA^A^, -5CA, 
m. ; (6) > oiú5Ai^eAóc, -a, /. 
(Don.); (7) coaxing her, A5 cuj\ 
meAtA púici. 
Coaxing, a., given to wheedling, 

(1) meAttcAc, -Aige ; (2) mitif , 
-tre (sweet). 

Cob, n., a horse, seA^jwi, -Ám, m. 

Cobbler, n., one who makes or 
mends clumsily, (1) ctuTDAine, g. 
id., pi. -|\i, m. ; (2) 5f\éAftiróe, 
gf. id, pi- -t)te, m. : the cobbler 
should not go beyond his last, 
ní ^uAt T)ori gféAf ui > oe "out caj\ 
a ceAp ; waxed cord used by 
cobblers, mJAt)ó5, -óige, -a, /. ; 
also fuibóg, /. 

Cobbler, n., rockfish, cAmAAóÁn, 
-Ám, m. ; 5t^Af uvóe, g- id., m. 

Coble, n., a boat, nAobój;, -ói^e, 
-a, /. 

Cobweb, n., a spider's web, (1) 
tíon "oubÁn AttA, m.; (2) fneAtij;- 
at), -ait), m.; (3) bjiAirouMn, 
Ám, m.; (4) 5|\éAfÁn, -Ám, m. 

Cock, n., the male of birds, (1) 
coiteAó, -ttg', m. (c/. W. ceiliog) ; 

(2) 5Att, -Aitt, m. (cf. L. gallus) ;, 

(3) a weathercock, ooiteAC ^Aoice,, 
m.; (4) a faucet, -pcdpAtt, -Aitt, 
m.; (5) a conical pile of hay, (a) 
small, Cf\eAbAf\, -A1|\, m. (M.) ; 
(&) large c, (i) aida^, -A15, m.; 
(ii) coca, g. id., pi. -Ai, m.; (c) 
peó|\nÁn, -Ám, m.; (d) cut) Án, 
-Am, m. 

Cockade, n., a badge generally 
worn on the hat, (1) ctioca, g. 
id., pi. -aí, m. : the white cock- 


( 312 ) 


ade, An cnocA bÁn ; (2) coc a^yo, 
m. ; (3) cífín, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 

Cockatrice, n., any venomous 
deadly thing, fAiojjnAtAin, -í/pAó, 
-tf aca, /. 

Cock-boat, n., a small boat, esp. 
one used on rivers, (1) r^A-pA,,pl.-A\\\\A,m.; (2)5fuyoÁn. 
-Ám, m.; (3) tiAij\ceAf , -cir, m. 

Cock-crow, n., the time of the 
night when cocks crow, (1) 
5Ai|\m 001U5, /.; (2) 5ÍA0T) coiti§, 
m. : ca An coiteAc A5 stAO'óAC, 
the cock is crowing ; (3) fSAijic 

Cock-horse, n., a child's rocking- 
horse, CApAtt mAroe. 

Cockle, n. (Bot.), a herb or weed 
(Lychnis githago), (1) co^At, -Ait, 
m.; (2) lotjvor, -óir, ra. 

Cockle, n., a shell-fish (Cardium 
edule), (1) pAoóÁn, -Ám, m. (also 
PA0Ó05, -oi^e, -a, /.) ; (2) juiACAti, 
-Am, m.; cfÁi$ nA jiuacau, cockle 
strand ; (3) ffuibÁn, -Ám, ra.; (4) 
púcAn, -Áw, ra. (Con.). 

Cockle-weed, n. (Bot.), a corn 
weed (Lolium), co^At "oeAns ; 
co^At sofm. 

Cockroach, n. (Zool.), an insect 
(Blatta orientalis), ciajiós, -orge, 
-05A, /. 

Cock's comb, n. (1) the crest of a 
cock, (a) cíjiín coiti$ ; (b) pinnc- 
teó^, -óige, -a, /. 

Cocksure, a. (colloq.), quite certain, 
(1) *oeA|\btA, ind.; (2) "010115- 
túÁtcA, iwd. ; (3) tÁncmnce. 

Cockswain, n., the steersman of a 
boat, tuAtriAif\e, #en. id., pi. 
-fú, m. 

Cocoa, n., a beverage, cua, g. id. m. 

Cocoa- tree or chocolate-tree, n. 
(Theobroma cacao), ctiACjwm 
(P. O'C). 

Cod, n. (Zool.), a fish (Gadus 
morrhua), (1) c|\of5, -^uifS» ra.; 

(2) bot)Ac imiaid, gfen. 00x^15 
nuAró, m. (rock cod) ; (3) oot>ac 

*oub, m.; (4) péiteAn, -Am, m.; 
(5) ceittiún, -úm, ra. 
Codded- thorough-wax, n. (Bot.), 
a plant (Perfoliata siliquosa), 

tuf ha reicne péitteógAó. 
Coddle, v.t., to parboil, teAt- 

b|\uitim, -bfunt. 
Codex, n., a manuscript, *out, -tut, 

ra. (O'Don. Supp.) ; cwnriieAm- 

|\Am, m. 
Codicil, n., a clause added to a 

will, A^tnfín, #. id., pi. -ni, m. 
Codling, n., a small cod, cjioirsin, 

g. id., pi. -ni, ra. 
Co-dweller, n., confitijeAfAc, -A15, 

Co-efficacy, ) n., joint efficacy or 
Co-efficiency, ) efficiency, coirh- 

éipeAcc, -a, /. 
Co-efficacious, I a., coirhéi^eAócAó, 
Co-efficient, > -Ai§e. 
Co-emigration, n., coiriurmfce, g. 

id. f. 
Co-equal, a., being on an equality, 

(1) cox)|\omA, ind., and cot^om, 

-ntume; (2) cotnónA ; (3) coirh- 

lonnAnn, -Ainne ; (4) confiméAT), 

Co-equality, n., the state of being 

on an equality, coT^omAcc, -a, 

/.; cot|AOm, -funm, ra. 
Coerce, v.t., to compel by force, 

éigmjim, -lugAt). 
Coercion, n., the act of coercing, 

coirhéigeAn, -5m, ra. 
Coercive, a., tending to constrain, 

coirhéigneAó, -urge ; oomAweAc, 

-ni£e ; ceAnnf AtAc, -Aij;e. 
Coerciveness, n., the quality of 

being coercive, corniéi^neAóc, 

-a, /. 
Co-essential, a., partaking of the 

same essence, (1) coimibtcmnce, 

ind.; (2) AombiieAc, -tije ; (3) 


( 313 ) 


éwbiíeAó, -tíje ; (4) coitnbrvíoj- 

rfiAr\, -Aif\e- 
Co-essentiality, n., participation in 

the same essence, (1) coimbit- 

cirmceACc, -a, /. ; (2) émbic, -e, 

/. ; (3) coimbr\i$, " e > /• 
Co-eternal, a., equally eternal, (1) 

coirhfioffuiroe, ind.; (2) corn- 

rtiAf tAnriAc, -Ai$e ; (3) corh- 

fucAW, -e. 
Co-eternity, n., equal eternity, 

coirnfíorvran*óeAcc, -a, f. 
Coeval, a., of the same age, 

corhAor-cA, ind. ; corhAirnfeArvAC. 
Coevals, n., contemporaries, (1) 

corrroAoirte, m.; (2) coirrróíne, /. 
Co-existence, n., contemporary ex- 
istence, (1) coirnbeAtA, g. id. m.; 

(2) coimbit, -beAtA, m. 
Co-extend, v.t., to extend to the 

same degree, coirhteAtntnjpm, 


Co-extension, n., the act of ex- 
tending equally, coiifileAtnugA'O, 
-urgce, m. 

Co-extensive, a., equally extensive, 
coirht,eAtAT>AC, -Ai$e. 

Co-extolling, n., extolling equally, 
corfirnórwvó, -\\tA, m. 

Coffer, n., a chest or casket, (1) 
copfvA, gen. id., pi. -aí, m.; (2) 
cifce, g. id., pi. -ct, m.; (3) 

CAf\CA1f\, -CfvAC, -CfvACA, /. 

Coffin, n., the case in which the 
dead are buried, corhr\A, gen. 
-Ann, dat. -Awn, pi. corhrvArmA, /. 
(cotfmAirv, ?7.) : 

1f mó|\ 50 tnb' feAfifvA Horn beic 

fínce 1 5corhrvAinn, 
1£at> óm corhU|VfAin if mo 

catvait) 5A01L 
Í1Á beit ceArrgAilxe te caiU,i§ 

crvórrouib — 
Paoi fúfA a pó^At), ní grvÁt)- 

"jMinn í. 

Coffin-maker, n., one who makes 
coffins, (1) cotfiruvoóifv, -ór\A, -jví, 
m.; (2) pe^fx "oéAnc-A corhfxArin. 

Cog, n., a tooth or catch, (1) peAj;, 
-a, m. (also -eige, -a, /.) ; (2) 
eAg, #. -a, pi. id., m. 

Cogent, a., having power to con- 
vince, (1) br\io§ifiAr\, -Air\e ; (2) 
éipeACCAó, -Ai$;e. 

Cogitable, a., conceivable, ion- 

Cogitate, v.t., to think, ftnuAvnim, 
-ne-AT) and -neAtti. 

Cogitation, n., the act of thinking, 

(1) rrntiAiriciugA'ó, -o$te, m. ; 

(2) fmuAweArn, -nnti, m. 
Cogitative, a., pertaining to the 

power of thinking, ymuAmz- 

eAifiAit, -rirlA. 
Cogitator, n., one who meditates, 

fmtiAinci5teóir\, -ójia, -r\í, w. 
Cognate, a., allied, kindred, (1) 

5-aoIxac, -Ai§e ; (2) sAotrhAfv, 

Cognation, n., descent from the 

same original, saoIxat*, -Air*, m.; 

5AoLrhAirveAcu, -a, /. 
Cognition, n., the act of knowing, 

AiteAncAp , -Air, m. 
Cognizance, w., (1) perception, ob- 
servation, (a) eólAf, -Aif, m. ; 

(b) -pior-, g. -pe^fA, m. 

(2) Recollection, recognition, 

Aitne, #. id. /. 
Cognizant, a., having knowledge 

of, peAf At, -Aije ; eólAó, -Arge. 
Cognomen, n., a surname, (1) 

floirmexvó, #en. -tó, pi. -nnce, m.; 

(2) corhAinm, -AnmA, -An m Arm a, 

Cognominal, a., of the nature of 

a surname, ftomnceAc, -cige. 
Cognosence, n. See Cognizance. 
Cog-wheel, n., a wheel with cogs, 

f\oc eA^A, m. ; eA^rvot, m. 
Cohabitation, n., (1) dwelling to- 
gether, (a) émcijeAf , -jif , m. ; 


( 314 ) 


(b) coirhtijeAf, -§if, m.; (c) 

émci$e.dóc, -a, /.; (d) conri- 

te-áóAf , -Aif , m. 

(2) Living together as man 

and wife, (a) LÁnArímAf , --Aif, m.; 

(b) coirhteAptAtiAf, -Aif, m. 
Co-heir, n., a joint heir, corhoijfe, 

g. id., pi. -|AÍ, m. 
Co-heiress, n., a joint heiress, corii- 

oi^feAc, -fige, -a, /. 
Co-heirship, n., corhoij^eACc, -a, /. 
Co-helping, a., corhpoifutm, -e, f. 
Cohere, v.i., to stick together, *oo 

coitfióe^ngAt te céite. 
Coherence, ) n., a sticking together 
Coherency, > (1) coirhceAns-AlxAf 

-Aif, m. ; (2) corhct\ocA > o, -cca, 

m.; (3) c01rhce.An5.Al, -Ait, m. : 

ní'L coirhóe^n^At A|\ bit fan 

corh|\Á , ó fin, there is no coherence 

in that discourse ; (4) cntnnncAf, 

-nif, m. : m jvAib ptnnn crvinnnir 

tem Cymric (P. O'L.). 
Coherent, a., sticking together, 

(1) conficeAnsAUTAo ; (2) corh- 

cnoóAc, -.Aige ; (3) 1 w-aVc a céile. 
Cohesible, a., capable of cohesion, 

Cohesion, n., the act or state of 

sticking together, course Am u§- 

At>, -tnjte, m. 
Cohesive, a., sticking together, 

coimj;f\e.AiTmi5te,Ac, -tige. 
Cohesiveness, n., the quality of 

sticking together, coimjneAmtnj;- 

teAóc, -a, f. 
Cohort, n., a band of warriors, 

buróeAn f-Ar^oiuin- 
Coif, n., a kind of close-fitting cap, 

(1) cin^c, -e, -i, /.; (2) beAnnoj, 

-ói^e, -a, f. ; (3) cAoipA, g. id., f. 

(cf. cAoipA "óiíb, a woman's black 

cap, Tyr.). 
Coigne (quoin), n., a corner-stone, 

ctoe cúmne. 
Coigny, n., the quartering one's 

self on another, commeA'O, -a, m. 

Coil, v.t., to wind spirally, (1) c^uf- 
Aim, v.n. croir.A'ó ; (2) CArvAim, 


Coil (of rope), n., cof\n, g. and pi. 
cuif\n, m. 

Coin, n., current money, (1) aijv- 
Sexvo, -it), m.; (2) bonn, #en. 
boinn, m. : if peAn|\ cajaa f a 
óúi|\c nÁ bonn fA fpAjvÁn. 

Coincide, v.i., (1) to correspond ex- 
actly, coimfinim, -neA*o ; (2) to 
concur; to agree, cotfiAontvngim, 

Coincidence, n., (1) the condition 
of happening at the same time, 
ceAsrhuf , -urn, m. ; (2) agree- 
ment, coirhf|\e.A5fiAcc, -a, f. ; (3) 
concurrence, corhttncim, -cme, /. 

Coincident, a., happening at the 
same time, ceAsrhtnreAó, -r*i$e ; 
comttncmeAC, -nnje. 

Coition, n., copulation, (1) pern, 
-e, /.; (2) coimlije, gen. id. /.; 
(3) coimjviAócAin, -av\a, /.; (4) 
LÁnAmnAr , -Air, m. ; (5) of pigs, 
cut in MacHale's MS. Diet (cf. 
CU At AT), Sc.). 

Co-labourers, n. (coll.), comUicc, 
g. id. and -ca, m. 

Colander, n., a kind of strainer, 
(1) fiolÁn, -Ám, m.; (2) fíoltÁn, 
-Ám, m.; (3) fíotUiróe, g. id., 
pi. -*ote, m.; (4) T>LoóuÁn, -Ám, m. 

Co-laughter, n., joint laughter, 
corhj;Áif\e, g. id. m. 

Colchicum or meadow saffron (Col- 
chicum autumnale), n., q\óc, 
-óió, m. 

Colcannon. See Champ. 

Cold, n., (1) chillness, puAóc, -ca, m. 

(2) A catarrh, r-LAj'oÁn, -Ám, 
m. ; píocAn, -Ám, m. (Gadel., 
p. 29, No. 185). 

(3) Infectious amongst children 
utpós, -óise, -a, f. 

Cold, a., (1) deprived of heat, 
frigid, pnAf\, -Ai|\e. 


( 315 ) 


(2) Not warm or hot, neAriite, 

(3) Reserved, spiritless, in- 
different, (a) puAnÁnAó, -Aije ; (b) 
peAT>ÁncA, ind. (Or.). 

(4) Inhospitable, cun, -uine. 

(5) Cold (of weather), cold and 
rough, (a) quiAró, -e ; (b) stAr, 

(6) Bitterly cold, (a) cjuoqpuAn, 
-Aine ; (o) tomf «An, -Aine. 

To oei cold, *out 1 bpuAine ; cold 
shoulder, •outyojuum ; cold trem- 
our, puAincmt, -cneACA, m. 

Cold-blooded, a., hard-hearted, 
puAnpmtceAc, -cntje. 

Cold-hearted, a., unfeeling, in- 
different, pUAnCnOVOeAC. 

Coldish, a., somewhat cold, (l)puAn- 
ÁtAó, -Aije ; (2) pjAfvóA, ind. 

Coldness, n., the state or quality 
of being cold, (1) ptiAine, /.; (2) 
puAineACc, -a, /.; (3) -puAjvóAcc, 
-a, /.; (4) puAnÁtAcc, -a, /. 

Coletit, n., a bird (Parus ater), 
(1) nubAn aw cmn "otnb; (2) cAitt- 
eAó cmn *ouib. 

Colewort, n., (1) a variety of cab- 
bage, (a) cÁt, -Ait, m.; (o) cA'OAt, 
-Ait, m.; (c) cAbtÁn, -Ám, m. 

(2) Sea colewort, (a) pnAireAc 
cnÁ^A ; (o) nAiceAC cnÁgA ; (c) 
nAiteAC (Don.). 

(3) Small c, AbcÁn, -Ám, m. 

(4) Wild c, Tmitteós bní§- 
•oeóige, /. 

Colic, n., intestinal pain, (1) iot), 
-a, m.; (2) t)ois bints, /.; (3) 
•0015 imteACÁm, /. (p. t.) ; (4) 
feAtg, -eitge, /. : AbAin " peA^ 
piAt ir beAti tfiAnb ir TTIac Xjé 
'n-A ttnge 'f An 5C0V5 " *j cmtnit 
An creAt^ ~\ bero rí rtÁn. 

Collaborator, n., an associate in 
labour, comoibnrgteóin, -ójva, 
-ní, m. 

Collapse, vi., to fail suddenly 
and completely. He collapsed 
utterly, (a) nion fAr\ pop 'nÁ 
p-Ap Aige (1TI. t).) ; (0) nion f An 
nng 'nÁ rneAg Ann (Con.) ; (c) 
ni nAib hum nA tiAtn ^nn (Con.) ; 
(d) nion fAn 5105 'nA 111105 Ann 
(W. Lim.) ; x>o cmc An tug An 
An tAg Aige. 

Collar, n., a band worn round the 
neck, (1) coitéAn, -éin, m.; (2) 
bónA, g. id., pi. -AÍ, m.; (3) pÁit 
muméit, m.; (4) mumconc, -tunc, 
m. (mum, the neck, torques), 
mumóe, g. id., pi. -ci, /.; (5) 
10T), -a, pi. /. : 10T) ThonAwn, 
the collar or chain worn by 
Moran round his neck, which 
would contract and choke him 
if he gave an unjust judgment, 
or a witness who gave false 
evidence ; (6) collar for a horse, 
bnÁi5t)eAc, -'015, m. 

Collar-bone, n., the clavicle, (1) 
rmut5AT)Án, -Ám, m. (p. 1.) ; (2) 
cnÁrh An mumít ; (3) cnÁtfi An 
•oeAtnAóÁw (Con.). 

Collar-bones, n. (coll.), bnAnnnA, 
bnAnnnA bnÁjA-o (as they sup- 
port the neck). 

Collarbraces, n., to keep rafters 
from spreading bACAí rnAróm. 

Collate, vt, to compare critically, 
coitfmieAfAim, v.n., contimeAf. 

Collateral, a., coming from, on, or 
directed to the side, (1) com- 
tAobAC, -Ai$e ; (2) cAob te CAob. 
Collateral degree of kindred, n., 
(1) Ainbpne, g. id. /.; (2) céim 

Collation, n., a light repast, (1) 
rmoncuro, -óox)A, /.; (2) nuifín, 
g. id., pi. -ni, m. .1. biAt) roin 
rtieA'óon tAe 1 euro An cf uipéin ; 
(3) pnonntAC, -ai$, m. 

Colleague, n., an associate, (1) 
corhoipigeAé, -515, m.; (2) com- 


( 316 ) 


^Áipcróe, g. id., pi: -"ote, m.; (3) 
compÁn(Aó), m. ; (4) cotfioibpij- 
teóip, -ópA, -pi, nx. 
Collect, v.t., to gather, (1) cptunnis- 
/itri, -iusa-o ; (2) txAiti5im, -lu^At); 
(3) aonotAim, -not; (4) ootn- 
ptngim, -ugAt) ; (5) cnuAfui$im, 

Collect, n., a short prayer, óptA, 

no Apt a, gen. id., pi. -aí, f. 

Collectable, a., capable of being 
collected, poóptnnnijte. 

Collected, a., gathered together, 
(1) aomr tnjte, ind.; (2) bAitigte 
ind.; (3) cpuwnigte, ind.; (4) 
cionotcA, ind. 

Collecting, n., the act of gathering, 
'(1) bAitiujAt), -i£te, m.; (2) 
cpuinnitrgA > ó, -i$;te, m. ; col- 
lecting together, cpuwniujAt) 1 
^ceAnn a óéite. 

Collection, n., (1) the act or process 
of gathering, (a) bAiti u^aX), -i§te, 
m.; (&) cpu inn 1115 Aft, -ijte, m.; 
(c)cnuAfAó, #. -A15, m.; (iJ)ciomr- 
«jAt), -urgte, m. ; (e) confi- 
tionót, -óit, m. (corhtAtÁn, Cork 
and Ker.). 

(2) That which is collected, (a) 
cnuAfCAp, -Aip, m.; (&) cnuAf, 
-Air, m.; (c) uacap, -Aip, m.; (d) 
bpeApsÁn, -Ám, m. (Or.) ; (e) of 
children, mAcpAró, -e, /.; (/) of 
horses, eAcpAró, -e, /.; (g) of 
fragments, rtispeAft, -|M*ó, m.; 
(h) of men, 5ArpAt), -avo, m. [note 
that -\\a*ó, -pAi*o and -jxe^o mean 
a collection or multitude. The 
correct nom. is -|va, -pe, grew. 
-pAó, daí. -jvdit) ; these latter 
developed a new #ew. in -pAróe]. 

(3) A collection of money for 
a feast, fgoc, #. p^uic, pi. id. m. ; 
also = trespass-monej, a very old 
word for a /me. 

Collector, n., one who collects, (1) 
btopsAipe, gen. id., pi. -pi, m. ; 

(2) btofSifiAop, -oip, m. ; (3) 
cnuApcoip, -ófVA, -pi, m. ; (4) 
cnuAr-Aipe, #. id., pi. -pi, m.; (5) 
corhcpumnijteóip, -ó^a -pi, m. 

Collectorship, n., the office of a 
collector, btopsAipeAóc, -a, f. ; 
cnuArcoipeAcc, -a, f. 

College, n., a building for study 
and instruction in the higher 
branches of knowledge, (1) cot- 
Áifce, gen. id., pi. -ti, m.; (2) 
Á|\*of5oit, -e, -eAnnA, /. 

Collegian, n., a student in a college, 
(1) cotÁipceAó, -C15, m. ; (2) 
fjolAipe, g. id-, pi. -pi, m. 

Collegiate, a., of or pertaining to 
a college, cotÁirceAc, -oj;e. 

Collide, v.i., to come into collision, 

(1) x>iof5Aim ; (2) cpÁsAim, -a?* ; 

(3) cottibuAitim, -aIax). 
Collier, n., a coal-digger, also a 

vessel employed in the coal 

trade, 5UAtAT)óip, -ójvd, -pi, m. 
Colliery, n., a coal mine, (1) guAit- 

ionA*o, -aw, m.; (2) ctAir SuAit, /.; 

(3) coipéAt 5UA1U 
Colligate, v.t., to tie or bind 

together, coitficeAnstAim, -£At. 
Colligation, n., a binding together, 

c01n1ce.dn5.At, -Ait, m. 
Collision, n., the act of striking 

together, (1) "oiopsAt), -%tA, m.; 

(2) coiiriptéAf5A > ó, -5CA, m.; (3) 
cpAgATD, stA, m. ; (4) com- 
buAtA*ó, -Aitce, m. 

Collocate, v.t, to put or place, to 

arrange, cóiprgim ; cuipim 1 

n-Atc a óéite. 
Collocation, n., arrangement, cóp- 

tajAt), -tn$te, m. 
Colloquial, a., conversational, cotn- 

Colloquist, n., a speaker in colloquy 

or dialogue, coriipÁróceóip, -ó^a, 

-pi, m. 


( 317 ) 


Colloquy, n., conversation, (1) cotii- 
f\Át>, -fúro, pi- -fÁróce, m.; (2) 
A^AllAm, -trhA, dat. -Aim, /.; (3) 
corhtAbAifC, -Aft-A, /. 

Collude, v.t., to play into each 
other's hands, rneAttAim, -At). 

Collusion, n., a playing into each 
other's hands, meAUxóineAcc, 
-a, /. ; cúitbeAf\c, -ei|\ce, /. 

Collusive, a., done in collusion, 
meAUxóij\eAó, -w$e; cúitbeAf\tAc, 

Colon, n., (1) Gram., a point or 
stop formed thus (:), eAT^r-cAT), 
-ait>, m.; (2) Anat., fcévós tfión, /. 

Colonel, n., the chief officer of a 
regiment, (1) cAcrhíteA'ó, -tró, m.; 
(2) ÁjvocAoireAó, --pig, -fije, m. 

Colonization, h., the act of forming 
a colony, (1) bAitceACAr, -Air, m.; 
(2) ciofACAr, -Air, m. 

Colonize, v.i., to migrate to and 
settle in, (1) Áicjusim, -iujja'ó ; 
(2) cíojunjim, -ujAt) ; Áiajmi, 

Colony, n., a number of people 
transplanted from their own to 
another country but subject to 
their native land, also the dis- 
trict so colonized, ctnlweAC, -1115, 
m. (Keat. Hist.). 

Colorist, n., one who colours, an 
artist who excels in the use of 
colours, > oAtA > oóif\, -ójVA, -óifií, m.: 
ir puAi) mo 'óAt, acc nÁj\ £eicinre 
An "OAtA'coifx (GogAn TltiAt)). 

Colour, n., (1) any colour, *oac, -úa, 
-tAnnA, m.; tí (tig) </. iti., pi. 
-te, /. (c/. W. lliw ; Corn, liu, 
colour ; Bret, liou) ; T)Att aj\ ti 
ní bfveiteAifi pio|\. 

(2) Of health, fnuA'ó, -a, pi. 
id. m. 

(3) Of ill-health, mítíteACc 

(P. t.). 

(4) That which disguises the 
real character or puts a plausible 

appearance on a thing, (a) idiom: 
your story has some c, zá 
C|\oiceAnn aj\ t>o f géAt ; (b) idiom: 
under c. as though they would 
cast anchor out of the fore part 
of the ship, mAf\ x)o beA*ó ajv ci 
AncAineA'ó T)o fíneA'ó ahiac ó 
tofAó nA tum^e (J.c£s 27, 30). 

(5) Shade of colour, kind, 
species, gné, g. id., pi. -ice, /. 

(6) idiom : I had not the c. 
of a trump, ni f\Aib "OAt An mÁ'óA 
AjAm ; I have caught no fish, 
nío|\ tu^Af "oac An éifg Uom ; 
'tis many a day since he was 
coloured, if lorrvóA tÁ ó puAif\ f é 

A "ÓAC. 

(7) A distinguishing badge, as 
the colours of a ship or jockey, 
fUAiteAncAf, -Aif , m. 

Colour, v.t., to paint, to dye, 

T> At Aim, -A*Ú. 

Colourable, a., specious, plausible, 

Colouring, n., the act of painting 
or dyeing, (1) -oAtAt», gen. and pi. 
-Aitce, m.; (2) UAtxó, -Aitce, 
m. : she has not even the 
colouring of the tea, ní't ti aúa-ó 

AT\ Zé péÍTl A1C1. 

Colourless, a., without colour 

neAriróAtAó, -Aige. 
Colt, n., a young male horse 

bj\oimAC, -A15, -Aije, m., dim. 

bfAimín, g. id., pi. -ni, m. 
Colter, n., the cutter of a plough 

CeAUXAJA, -A1|\, m. 

Colt's-foot, n. (Bot.), a perennial 
herb, (1) Tussilago vulgaris, (a) 
A*OAnn, -Airrn, m.; (b) ctuAf tiAt 
/.; (c) cApóg fieAriiAin (£7.) ; (2) 
T. farfara, (a) •ouittiun fpum^c, 
m., and bitteó^ An rp tun^c ; (b) 
^AttÁn, m.; (c) 5f\eAnnCAin, /. 

Columbary, n., a pigeon house, (1) 
colmóA, g. id., pi. -a\, f.; (2) 
cotmtAnn, -Ainne, -a, /. 


( 318 ) 


Columbine, n. (Bot.), a plant 
(Aquilegia vulgaris), (1) cjvubA 
teifin, m.; (2) Urn aw cotmÁm. 

Column, n. {Arch.), (1) a pillar, 
(a) cotAtriAn, g. -Am, pi. id. and 
-mnA, m. {cf. L. columna) ; (b) 
SAjmiAm, -Ann, -Ann a, /.; (c) 
po^toit, /.; (2) of a book, 
clAbfAt, -Ait, m. 

Columnar, a., formed in columns, 
like a column, coLAtrmAC, -Ai£e. 

Coma, n., lethargy, coiteAfA'o, 
-ca, m. ; coifvóiin, -e, /. 

Co-mate, n., a companion, com- 
pÁnAó, -A15, -Aije, m. 

Comatose, Comatous, a., lethargic, 
coiteAfAC, -Aije ; coijvcmieAC, 

Comb, v.i., to smooth with a comb, 
cío|VAim, -A'ú (the hair) ; wool, (a) 
cAjvoALAim, -ÁH ; (&) fLÁmAim, 


Comb, n., (1) for the hair, ciop, 
gen. and pi. cí|\e, da£. cij\, /. 
{cf. Gr. K€/ja9, horn). 

(2) A currycomb, rsm'obÁn, 
-Ám, m. 

(3) The crest of a cock, (a) 
cíof coiti$, /.; (b) coipfucin, g. 
id., pi. -m, m. (m. "b.). 

(4) Of a turkey cock, (a) 
fpmoCAitte, g. id. f.; (b) fpfvioc- 
A\x>e, g. id. /. 

Combat, n., (1) a fight, contest, 
struggle for supremacy, (a) corh- 
jvac, -aic, m.; (5) corhlAnn, -Amn, 
m. (duel), also comjvAc Aompp ; 
(c) steic, -e /.; (d) cjaovo, -ot>a, 
pi. id. f. {cf. L. trudo, push). 

(2) A military engagement, a 
battle, cAt, -a, -AnnA, m. {cf. 
W. cad ; O.W. cat). 

Combat, v.i., to struggle or con- 
tend, (1) 5te-Acui§im, -caó ; (2) 
cottit\Aici5im, v.n. corhjtAc, with 
te ; against 1 n-Ag^ro. 

Combatant, n f , one who engages 

in combat, (1) steAcuroe, gen 
id., pi. -i)te, m.; (2) ^teiceA-oói^ 
-óf\A, -f\í, m.; (3) gteACAife, g 
id., pi. -jii, m.; (4) com^Aiceóif 
-ófVA, -j\í, m.; (5) fpAjmuróe, g 
id., pi. -t)te, m.; (6) 5tiAX)Ai|\e 
g. id., pi. -]tí, m. 

Combative, a., pugnacious, gleAC- 
AroeAC, -*ói%e. 

Combativeness, n., propensity to 
contend, 5teACAi*oeACu, -a, /. 

Comb-case, n., a case in which a 
comb is kept, (1) cio^AC-An, -Ám, 
m.; (2) cíofvbots, -btnt^, m. 

Comber, n., one who combs, cio|\- 
A*OÓ1fl, -ó|\a, -jví, m. 

Combination, n., the act or process 
of uniting, coniiceAn^At, -Ait, m. 

Combing, n., the act of making 
smooth with a comb, cío^a-o, 
-ptA, m. : may I see you gray 
and combing your children's 
hair, 50 bpeicpro mé U At tú A5 
cíojVAt) "oo ctAnn. 

Combine, v.t., to link closely to- 
gether, coimceAnglAim, -5AI. 

Comb-maker, n., one who makes 
combs, ciomiiAine, gen. id., pi. 
-m', m. 

Comb-making, n., ciotwiAijteAcc, 
-a, /. 

Combustibility, n., the quality of 
being inflammable, (1) ionT)ói5- 
ceAóc, -a, /. {cf. y' dhégo, I 
burn) ; (2) fponticÁncACu, -a, /. 

Combustible, a., apt to catch fire, 
(1) loniDóigce, ind. {cf. Gr. S<uw, 
Skr. dah, burn); (2) f o'óóijce ; (3) 
fotoifgte ; (4) fponncÁncA, ind. 

Combustible ness, n., inflamma- 
bility, lonoóigceAcc, -a, /. 

Combustion, n., the state of burn- 
ing, •oóigceÁn, -Ám, m. 

Combustive, a., inflammable, "0015- 
ceÁnAc, -Aije. 

Come, v.i., (1) to draw near, to 
approach, cigim, v.n. ceAóc : 


( 319 ) 


though long the day the night 
comes, though long the shore 
the tide comes, x>& jtait) é An Lá 
CA^Ann (ogeAnn) An oróce ; "OÁ 
-pAiT) An cfAi$ cA^Ann CAoroe ; 
let them all come, ca^avcif 50 

(2) To arrive at a place : when 
we came to Rome, aj\ "oceACc 
•oúrnn -oon "Róim ; lately come 
from Italy, cÁimg 50 > oéi > óeAnAc 
ón eA-oAit ; all the people who 
came or will come into the 
world, a *ocAmi5 -j a T)ciocpAit) 
•oe T)Aoini£> A|\ An •oorhAn. 

(3) To approach : Thy king- 
dom c, 50 "Od^ro -oo fiíogAóc ; 
the hour cometh and now is, 
oocpAi'ó An AimrifA 1 acá fí 
Anorp Ann. 

(4) To proceed from : from 
thee c. riches, ir uAiure 05 
f Ai-ót)|AeAf ; and after all that 
is c. upon us, Agur CApéir a 
*ocAmi5 o^Ainn. 

(5) To appear in sight : the 
butter is coming now, cA An 
c-im A5 ceAcc Anoir. 

(6) To join with : c. with us, 
CAft lwn. 

(7) To touch : and they shall 
c. near no dead person, -] ni 

ClOCpAIT) 1 n-A1Ce CtHttp mA1f\0 

Ap bit (Ezek. 44, 25). 

To c. along, sUiAir ; cAn teAC 
(nó uaic) ; f eo Lib ; céAnAm (oj\c) 
c. let us kill him, céAnAm 1 
mAfbAm é (Gen. 37, 20). 

To c. about, to happen : and 
it came about when they were 
on the road, Ajur cáj\ía An uai-(\ 
X>0 bÍ0T)AfA AjA An mbótAf. 

To c. across : I came across 
him in London, x>o CArA-o ot\m 
é ("oo buAil ré urn^m) 1 tún- 

To c. after, (a) to follow : he 
came after us, tÁimg ré 'nÁj\ 
nTHAró ; (b) to obtain : he came 
after a book, c&iriig f é 1 nx>iAró 

To c. again : I will c. again 
to my father's house, oocjMró 
me A|\if 50 C15 m'AtAn. 

To c. and go, ceAóc ir imteAóc. 

To c. at, (a) to reach, to gain : 
to c. at a true knowledge of 
ourselves, ceAúc cum piojtAitne 
0|tAinn tféin ; (b) to c. forward 
with the intention of attacking : 
he came at me stealthily, cAmi5 
-p é o|\m 1 -£At\ por-. 

To c. away, to part or depart : 
he came away, tAmig f é Af. 

To c. back, pitUm, -LeAt), also 
pittim (U.), cittim (Or.). 

To c. by, to gain, attain : when 
rogues fall out honest men will 
c. by their own, nuAin ttnceAnn 
|\ó5Ainí AmAó ciocpAit) nA "OAome 
mAcAncA aj\ a ^curo péw. 

To c. down, (a) to descend, 
tuinlin5im, -Ling ; I will c. 
down, aoq:Ai'0 mé AnuAf ; (b) 
to be humbled : the pride of 
her empire shall c. down, 00c- 


(Ez. 30, 6). 

To c. from : it is often a good 
child came from a bad father 
and mother, ir mime a tAmi5 
ctAnn rhAit ó t)|\oóAtAi]A 1 mÁtAi|\ 
(P. L.). 

To c. home, (a) to return to 
one's dwelling : he came home, 
tAmi5 f é AbAite ; (b) to affect 
one's feelings or interest : it 
came home to him, tAim^ fé 
AbAite óuige. 

To c. in, (a) to enter : compel 
them to c. in, coiméi^mg iat> t)o 
teAóc ifceAó (Luke 14, 23) ; (b) 


( 320 ) 


to arrive : when my ship comes 
in, nuAif\ ciocpAró mo tong cum 

To c. into, to join a party or 
scheme : and there [shall] c. in 
unlearned persons, A^uf 50 *oooc- 
^Am cuaca*óa .... irceAó (1 
Cor. 14, 23). 

To c. near, to approach : 
c. near me, (a) C15 (nó uaja) 
tÁim tiom ; (b) C15 1 bpoguf 
t)x\m ; (c) "cnuro 1m Aice ; (d) 
x>eAf tuj tiom auaU, ; (e) cogAn 1 
teit ; (/) co^aa Annro. 

To e. of, to arise or descend 
from : whatever comes of it I 
will speak, pé (ciobAn b'é nó 
cib'é, Don.) jvut) ciocpAit) Af 


To c. 0/?, (a) to get away or 
escape : he escaped, tAmig y é 
Af ; (0) to be carried through, 
to take place, to happen : it 
will c. off, cipcparb fé cum 
cníce (nó Cum cinn) ; it came 
off last night, tÁimj; fé Cum 
cjúóe AjvéijA. 

To c. on, (a) to advance, to 
thrive : he is coming on, cá fé 
A5 "out Af AjAit) (nó ze&óz a\\ 
a£&m) ; (b) to move forward, (i) 
caj\ uaic (Con.) ; (ii) céAUAm 
o^c (M.). 

To c. spontaneously : learning 
just comes spontaneously to him, 
if AmtAró xv mteAnn An LéijeAnn 

To c. out, (a) to become public: 
it will c. out, aocpAvó fé cum 
f otuif ; (b) to pass out or de- 
part : they will c. out with great 
substance, aocpAit) ahiaC mAiUe 
te m-Aom móij\ ; (c) to appear : 
the sun came out, cÁims An 

$f\1An AtYIAC, 

To c. out with : to disclose : he 
came out with the truth at last, 

CÁW15 fé Am ac teir Co'inmr f é) 
-An pímnne j?Á > óeif\eA > ó. 

To c. over to, to join : he came 
over to us, tÁini5 f e -An All cu£- 

To c. round, (a) to recover : he 
will c. round, ciocpAit> fé Af ; 
he is coming round, cá fé A5 
ceAóc cuige péin ; (b) to relent, 
(i) he will c. round to us yet, 
ciocpxMt) r é tmn -pór ; (ii) to 
approach : son, come to me, 
caj\ cue; Am, -A mic. 

To c. to, (a) to recover, as 
from a swoon : she came to her- 
self, tÁmi5 rí óuici -péw ; (0) 
to fall to : it will c. to you if 
you only expect it, oocpAro fé 
óugAC -aóc -púit a be-it teif ; (c) 
to reach, (i) j\oicim, v.n. j\oó€Ain; 
(ii) f|voióim, -ómc ; rjtoiC and 


To c. to pass, to happen, to 
fall out : thou shalt presently 
see whether my words shall c. 
to pass or no, Cipro cu Anovp An 

T>C10C£Alt) m'pOCtAfA 1 5CJÚOÓ 

"ouicf e nó uac *ociocpAfó (Num. 
11, 23) ; may that c. to pass, 
50 "on^ro -An nvo fin Cum Cfúóe. 

To c. together, to assemble : 
the greater part knew not for 
what they were c. together, ni 
fuvib a fior as -An 5CUIT) bA mó 
*óíob cpéATt é .An c-A'óbAf -pÁ 
•ocÁngA'OAjA 1 gceAnn a céite 
(Acts 19, 32). 

To c. true, to happen, as pre- 
dicted or expected, *o'éifi5 "óóib 
x>o f\éin at\ cfeAnfocAit pmnnij. 

To c. up, (a) to ascend : c. 
up to the fire, za^ Aniof 50 *oci 
An *oceme ; (b) to arise as a 
question, 05 1 tÁtAijv ; (c) to 
shoot or grow, as a plant : the 
stalks are coming up, cá nA 
icjAif as ce-Act Am ac (a^; pÁp). 


( 321 ) 


To c. to terms with : he came 
to terms with them, *oo fvéi'ocrs 
fé teó. 

To c. up with, overtake or 
reach by pursuit : he came up 
with him, tÁini5 pé f uAf teir* ; 
jure; fé Ai|\. 

To c. upon, (a) to befall : if 
mischief c. upon him, rnÁ tioc- 
"F-Aró cubAif ce Aif\ ; (b) to at- 
tack : they came upon him in 
the night, tA-mij; fiAT) Aif\ Y Ari 
ovóce ; (c) to depend on for 
support : he has c. upon the 
parish, tÁinrc; fé aj\ ay\ bpAfifx- 
óif ce ; (d) to find by chance, (i) 
ceAgrhAim Af\ : (ii) he came upon 
a purse of money, £Ár\tA fé aj\ 
fpAf\Ári Aifigro. 

To c. with, (a) to accompany : 
come with me, j;aX) Uom ; caj\ 
Uom ; he came with us, tAimg 
f é tinn ; (b) to yield to : the two 
strands do not c. with the 
sandpiper, tii tige-Ann An x>Á 
tf\Áij teif An 1150b ax) Án. 

Comedian, n., an actor in comedy, 
(1) Aifceóifv, -ófvA, -r*í, m. ; (2) 
cleAfuróe, g. id., pi. -t>te, m. 

Comedienne, n., a woman who 
plays in comedy, (1) bAtiAif- 
ueoirv, /. ; (2) bAincteA-ptiroe, /. 

Comedy, n., a bright and amusing 
drama, Aifce, g. id., pi. -ci, m. ; 
comedy-writing, comedy-playing 
Air-ceóirveAóc, -a, f. See O'Beg., 
under Best. 

Comeliness, n., the state of being 
comely [see Comely], (1) •oAtArh- 
tAóc, -a, /.; (2) "ooigeArhtACc, 
-a, f. (Or.) ; (3) rsénfi, -e, /. ; 
(4) r5iArh(>ó)Aóc, -a, /.; (5) 
rnAir-e(Aúc), /.; (6) rnAifeArhtAóc, 
-a, /.; (7) f05núifeAóc, -a, f. 

Comely, a., (1) handsome, good- 
looking, pleasing to the sight, 
(a) 'OACArhAit, -rhtA ; (b) 

T)óv£eArhAit, -rhtA applied to a 
boy, and (c) "oe^f , -erp e, to a girl, 
Or. ; (d) fsiAtrróA ; (e) rsiAtfiAC, 
-Ai£e; (/) mAifeAc, -n$ e ; (#) 
rnAir-eAtfiAit, -rhtA ; (ft) TíeAj (nó 
fo) -£núif eAó, -fi$e ; (i) suaoit)- 
eAtfiAit, -rhtA ; (j) tÁórhAfv, -Aifie ; 
(/c) tAccrhAfv, -Aif\e ; (£) tACAUCA, 
ind.; (m) teiceAncA, ind.; (n) 
riASAir* , -e ; (0) féAgAin, -e ; (p) 
ftim, -e ; (q) ftACcrhArx, -Air\e ; 
(r) ctAócrhAfv, -Air\e. 

(2) Well-shaped, (a) cumAtfiAit, 
-rhtA ; (b) *oeA5CtimtA, ind.; (c) 
•oeitbeAC, -bige ; (d) T>fveACArhAit, 
-rhtA ; (e) iotcr\otAC, -Aijje ; (/) 
fnoijce, ind., intensified r*Áf\- 
fnoijce ; (g) fo'óeAtbAó, -Aige. 

(3) Suitable or becoming, cub- 
avo, -e : is it c. for a woman to 
pray to God uncovered ? An 

CtlbAI'Ó VO tflUAOl gAtl potAc AfV 

a ceAnn, T)ia "oo guroe ? (1 Cor. 
11, 13). 

Comer, n., one who has arrived, 
ceAócuróe, #. id., pi. --óte, m. 

Comestible, a., eatable, imcce. 

Comet, n., a heavenly body (usually 
with a long tail) which moves in 
an elongated orbit, (1) bo-orvéAtc; 
(2) monsfvéAtc, -euxe, -a, /.; (3) 
féAtc r\A fguAibe and jiéAtc An 
eAfvbAitt (Con.). 

Comfort, v.t., (1) to solace, console 
or cheer, fótÁftnjim, -ugAt). 

(2) To aid, assist or help, (a) 
CAbrvui5im, -ugAt) ; (b) purvcuijim 
-cAcc ; (c) corhpurvcuijim, -uacc: 
who comforteth us in all our 
tribulation that we also may 
be able to comfort them that 
are in distress, "oo beifv -pufvCAcc 
T)tiirm 1 n-Áfi n-tnte trviobtóiX), 
lonnuf 50 •ocioc^At) *óítin corh- 
-pufxCAóc x>o tAbAifc *oon "orvuin^ 
Af\ a mbíonn buAi'OrveAt) (2 Cor. 


( 322 ) 


Comfort, n., (1) state of quiet en- 
joyment, (a) -pótÁf , -Aif , m. (c/. L. 
solatium) : where pleasure and 
c. are discomfort is near, An 
Á1C a mbiorm An fpójvc -| An 
fótÁf bíonn An T>ótÁf 1 n-Aice ; 

(b) foiVgeAf, -§if, m., opp. to 
•ooitgeAf , sorrow, discomfort ; 

(c) fuAnfmeAf, -nif, m.; (d) 
fÁtriAf, -Aif, m.; (e) foóAfv, -Aifv, 
w.; (/) fócAfhAt, -Ait, m.; (g) 
fój, -ói$, m.; (fe) compófvo, 
-óijvo, m. 

(2) Contentment, (a) fÁfCACc, 
-a, /.; (b) feAf5Aif\eAóu, -a, /. 

(3) Encouragement, help, (a) 
pur\CACc, -a, /.; (b) corhfruj\cAcc, 
-a, /.; (c) meAnmA, -n, dot. -Am, 
/.; (d) éAT)Cf\omAóÁn, -Ám, m. 

(4) Pleasure, joy, (a) foitbeA-p- 
acc, -a, /.; (&) r-ój, -015, m. 

Comfortable, a., in a condition 
of comfort, (1) objectively, 
cotnpófvoAC, -Ai$e ; (2) subject- 
ively, compófVOArhAil, -rhtA : he 
is very c. because he is in a very 
c. place, cÁ f é An-compófvOArhAit 
mAj\ uÁ An Áic 'n-A bpuit fé 
An-compójvoAc (P. O'L.) ; (3) 
ceólAií>e, ind.; is not that a 
pretty, snug and c. house ? nAc 
*oeAf , ce, ceótAi-óe An ceAC pm?; 
(4) f ocAifv, -c|\a : a man sleeps 
comfortably on another's wound, 
if focAijv a óoT)ttn$eAnn T>uine aj\ 
cneró *óuwe eite ; (5) fóCArhtAc, 
-Aije ; (6) f ócArhAit, -rhtA ; (7) 
fOfÁitce (17.) ; (8) ceocÁncA, 
ind. (Con.), 

Comfortableness, n., the state of 
being comfortable, (1) comporTO- 

AÓC, -A, /./ (2) fOCf\ACC, -a, /. 

Comfortably, a., in a comfortable 
manner, (1) 50 compótvoAó ; (2) 

50 f0CA1f\. 

Comforter, n., one who gives com- 
fort, (1) -purvtursteóir*, -ójaa, -|\í, 

m.; (2) corhpurvcui$teóir\, -órtA, 
-f\í, m.; (3) neAfvctnjteóirv ; (4) 

Comforting, a., giving comfort, (1) 
fótÁfAó, -Ai$e ; (2) cAbf\tAc, 
-Ai$e ; (3) -pobÁitceAC, -cije. 

Comfortless, a., without comfort, 

(1) neArhóompójvoAC, -Ai$e ; (2) 
neArhfocAifv, -cf\A. 

Comfrey, n. (Bot.), a hairy peren- 
nial plant (Symphytum officin- 
ale), (1) meACAn T>ub, m.; (2) tur* 
ua gcnÁrh (mbfvifce), ra. 

Comic, a., relating to comedy, 
AifceAó, -cije. 

Comical, a., funny, laughable, 
droll, (1) aic, -e : things are in 
a c. way with me, tÁ An fgéAt 
50 haic AgArn (P. O'L.) ; (2) 
Aif ceAó, -cije : I think it droll, 
if aic (nó tp AifceAó) tiom ; (3) 
bAf\riAtfiAit, -rhtA (Con.) ; (4) 
5rvoi$, -e (Mayo); (5) outrage- 
ously comical, ÁipéifeAó, -fi§e 
(P. O'jL.) ; (6) 5|\eAnnrhAf\, -Air\e 

Comicality, n., the quality of being 
comical, AiceAf , -ci-p, m.; 5f\eAnn- 
rhAi|\eA6c, -a, /. 

Comically, ad., in a comical man- 
ner, 50 riAic ; 50 srveAnnrhAf*. 

Comicalness, n., comicality, aic- 
eAóc, -a, /. 

Coming, n., (1) ceAóc, aen. id., 
m. and /. (O'D. Gram. 94) : 
coming, coming ! ceAóc, ceAóc ! 
the c. of the rye to you, coming 
long and slow, ceAóc An cfeA^Ait 
orvc, ceAóc ipAX)A mAtt ; it is not 
the same thing going to the city 
and c. back, ni monAnn *out 
ótim An bAite rhóifv 1 ceAóc Af ; 

(2) c. in contact with, ceA^rhÁit, 
-ÁtA, /.; (3) c. near them, a$ 
•Oj\uroim teó ; (4) c. to, reaching, 
attaining, rvoccAw, -AnA, /. (also 


( 323 ) 


niACCAm, -An a, /.) ; (5) they are 
c. at or towards us, cÁtAn 
cu5Ainn ; (6) the c. year, An 
X)\AAt>Am feo cti5Ainn. 

Comma, n., a character (,) to mark 
the small divisions of a sentence, 
(1) 5eAr\f\rcA , o, -Am, m.; (2) 
fArooons-d, gen. id., pl. -aí, m.; 
(3) cAtnós, -óige, -05A, /.; (4) 
túibín, g. id., pl. -ní, m. 

Command, v.t., (1) to order with 
authority, to charge, to give 
directions, (a) ojvouigim, -ugA'ó ; 
(b) Aitmrn, v.n. Aitm : for I 
know that he will c. his children 
and his household after him, 
oin ir Aitnro "óAriirA é, 50 
■ocmbrvAro Aitne *6Á ctomn 1 T)'a 
teA-^lAt n-A "óiAipó (Gen. 18, 19) ; 
thy father commanded us before 
he died, *o'Aitm "o'AtAirv [T>úmn] 
poirh a rjÁir (Gen. 50, 16) ; (c) 
porvÁiLim, -Ait (also pufiAitim, 
-Ait) ; (d) "01151111, -jeAt). 

(2) To have control or autho- 
rity over, to lead, 0^*011151111, 


Command, v.i., (1) to order, govern, 
sway or influence : for the king 
so commanded, óin t)'Aitin An 
|\i niArt -pm. 

(2) To overlook, to have a 
view of, FO|\fMifvim, -pAifve. 

Command, n., (1) an injunction, 
mandate or order requiring 
obedience, (a) ofvous^vó, -ui§te, 
m.; (b) Aitne, g. id., pl. -teAncA, 
/.; (c) pojAÁit (purvÁiL), -áIa, /.; 
(d) porvÁileAifi , -lufi, m.; (e) 
porvAiteA-o, -Lee, m.; (/) polÁfv Arii , 
-Ami : the king commanded me, 
ti.15 An |AÍ FolÁfvArii T>om (P. 

(2) Authority, curhAcc, -a, /. 

(3) Leadership, ceAnnAr, -Air, 

(4) Control, sway, discipline, 
influence, rrriACc, -a, m. 

(5) A body of troops, (a) caú, 
-a, m. (cf. r*eAC€ 5CAtA ua 
^éwne) ; (b) peAt)Ain, g. -*úv\a, 
f. (cf. ceAnn peAWiA, a leader). 

Commander, n., a leader, (1) f\i£- 
pémnró, g. id., pl. -t>te, m.; (2) 
CAoireAC, -fig, -fi5 e » m -'> (3) 
cuAinsneAC, -1115, m.; (4) CAt- 
bAfvún, -úm, m. 

Commanding, a., exercising autho- 
rity, (1) otvou igteAó, -tige ; (2) 
r-niACCArhAil, -rhlA ; (3) ceAnn- 
Ar At, -Aij;e ; (4) ctmiACCAC, -A15C 

Commandment, n., an order, man- 
date or precept, Aitne, gen. id., 
pl. AiteAncA, /. : a new c. I give 
unto you, •oobeinim Aitne nuA'ó 
•óíb (John 13, 34). 

Commemorate, v.t., to celebrate 
with honour, to call to memory 
solemnly, corhotiitfuiigmi, -nijjA'o. 

Commemoration, n., (1) the act of 
commemorating, cotficuirnnitrc;- 
a*o, -nigte, m. 

(2) A memorial or observance 
in memory, (a) coriicmrhne, gen. 
id. /.; (b) nÁf , -Áif, m.; (c) péit 
bÁir, c. of the dead. 

Commence, v.t., to begin, (1) 
corningmi, -ugAt) : b'peAfvn 5Ati 

COfntlgAt) 'tlÁ fCAX) 5AÍI CníOC- 

nugAt) ; (2) €ioíiiif5tiAim, -At) and 
-Aril : if you c. a good work do 
not delay over it, mÁ tionnf5nAin 
nro rtiAit riA ctnn cÁirvT)e Ain ; (3) 
cof 11151m, -ugA-ó ; (4) idiom : 
we had better c. in God's name, 
cÁ fé corn rtiAit A5A11111 Uircje 
ifceAó 1 n-Ainm *Oé. 
Commencement, n., beginning, 
origin, start, (1) cúr , -úir, m. ; 
(2) cofAó, -av£, m. (coireAc, -rrg, 
Con.) ; ir peAfvrv "oeifveAt) pteróe 
'riA cúf (nó cor-Aó) corhr\Aic ; (3) 
€ionnr*5nAifi, -Airh, m. 


( 324 ) 


Commencing, n., the act of begin- 
ning, (1) tofugAó, -tugte, m.; 
(2) cofrmjA'ó, -tnjte, ra. 

Commend, v.t., (1) to intrust or 
give in charge, lonntAobuigim, 


(2) To recommend as worthy 
of notice, confidence or regard, 
ceifcitn, v.n. ceifc. 

(3) To praise, motAim, -a*o : 
do we begin again to c. our- 
selves, An T)Cionnf5AmAoiX) Ajtíp 
firm £éin "oo rhotAO (2 Cor. 3, 1). 

Commendable, a., laudable, (1) 
ionrhotx.A ; (2) mmeA^ZA ; (3) 
forhotxA : the clergy of this 
land (says Cambrensis speaking 
of Ireland) are c. enough, azá, 
Ap f é (CAmb|\enfif A5 UkDAif\t aj\ 
éifinn) cUa\\ ua c-Attti^n-fo fo- 
rhotcA 50 teó|\ (Keat. Hist.). 

Commendableness, n., the quality 
of being commendable, (1) ion- 
rhotcAf, -Aif, m.; (2) fotfiolUAf, 
-Aif , m. 

Commendation, n., praise, rnoUvo, 
-ca, m. : or do we need epistles 
of c. to you, nó An optnl wACCAnAr 
AgAinn te LiCj\e.ACA motCA cii^aid- 
re (2 Cor. 3, 1). 

Commensurable, a., having a com- 
mon measure, (1) corhcoimfeAc,